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FIG 18 Component 1

Average grade: M1 Covariance function, X direction: γ(h)x1 Covariance function, Y direction: γ(h)y1 Covariance function, Z direction: γ(h)z1 Fraction in kiln feed: W1 Hourly tonnage requirement: HTM1 Allowable error on HTM1 grade: σM1

Component 2
Average grade: M2 Covariance function, X direction: γ(h)x2 Covariance function, Y direction: γ(h)y2 Covariance function, Z direction: γ(h)z2 Fraction in kiln feed: W2 Hourly tonnage requirement: HTM2 Allowable error on HTM2 grade: σM2

Average grade of Kiln feed: Mkf Hourly kiln feed requirement, ton: HTkf Standard dev. on hourly kiln feed CaO: σHkf

3.1 DEFINITION OF BLENDING CONDITIONS FOR RAW BLEND COMPONENTS. With the selection of the raw blend components the general blending conditions can be defined. For the sake of illustration a two-component blend and a single grade parameter, M, will be considered. The following information is available for each raw blend component: • • The average grade, Mi. The three covariance functions: γ(h)xi, γ(h)yi , γ(h)zi.

For the kiln feed the following is available: • • • The average grade of the kiln feed: Mkf The hourly kiln feed tonnage: HTkf The allowable standard-deviation on the hourly grade of the kiln feed: σHkf

The requirement on the uniformity of the kiln feed is stated so that: (1) the standard deviation on a succession of hourly averages must not be greater than σHkf . These averages are themselves determined with an error. To be sure that the succession of averages comply with (1) the error on the hourly averages must not be greater than σHkf/2, which for convenience will be termed σMkf . The following information is computed for each raw blend component: • The fractions of each blend component, Wi , in the kiln feed using the expressions: W1 = (Mkf – M2)/(M1 – M2) and subsequently that W2 = 1 – W1 • The hourly tonnage requirement:

altogether. . One may also choose to disregard the effect of blending the variances. accordingly. σM1 and σM2. of the succession of all quantities from component i. HTMi is determined from the expression: σMkf = √ W12 ∗ σM12 + W22 ∗ σM22 (2) (2) is an equation with two unknowns.HTMi = HTkf ∗ Wi • The allowable. Suitable values may be found through iteration. and assign σMkf to both σM1 and σM2. For example. it might be advantageous to assign the smallest standard deviation to the component with the apparently smallest grade variation and then compute the allowable standard deviation for the other component. hourly standard deviation on the average grade. Mi.