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LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
UNIT-I ICs FABRICATION
2 marks questions 1. Mention the advantages of integrated circuits. 2. Write down the various processes used to fabricate IC’s using silicon planar technology. 3. What is the purpose of oxidation? 4. Why aluminum is preferred for metallization? 5. What are the popular IC packages available? 6. Name the parameters which govern the thickness of the film in the oxidation process. 7. What do you mean by monolithic process? 8. List the advantages of integrated circuits over discrete component circuit 9. What are various steps involved in basic planar process of IC fabrication. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. What are the limitations of integrated circuits? What is the advantage of using dry etching process? What is meant by epitaxial growth? What are the advantages of ion implantation technique? Why aluminium is preferred for metallization? What is ion implantation? Name the different types of IC packages. Classify IC’s based on the fabrication.
18. Give reason for selecting SiO2 for oxidation process in IC fabrication.
Explain in detail the fabrication of ICs using silicon planar technology. 7. Explain the fundamental of monolithic IC technology using suitable circuit? 5.com 16 marks questions 1. What are the different ways by which the diode structure can be realized in IC? 8. Explain the process of epitaxial growth IC fabrication with neat diagram? 4. Design an active load for an emitter-coupled pair(differential amplifier) 3. Compare Ion implantation with diffusion. 6. Explain the various steps involved in the process of fabricating monolithic I 1 . Explain the process of photolithography.blogspot. 2.eeeexclusive.www. Explain the importance of isolation and discuss the method of isolation. (8) 9.
9. What are the applications of current sources? 8. Mention the characteristics of an ideal op-amp. Define input offset current. State the reasons for the offset currents at the input of the op-amp. Mention the advantages of Wilson current source. 6. What happens when the common terminal of V+ and V.blogspot. 2. Justify the reasons for using current sources in integrated circuits. 7.eeeexclusive. Define CMRR of an op-amp. What are the limitations in a temperature compensated zener-reference source? 1 . 3.www. What is the advantage of widlar current source over constant current source? 10. Define an operational amplifier. 12. Define input offset voltage.com UNIT-II CHARACTERISTICS OF OPAMP 2 marks questions 1.sources is not grounded? 4. 5. 11. Define sensitivity.
What are the merits and demerits of Dominant-pole Define slew rate.com 13. 17. 16. Why IC 741 is not used for high frequency applications? What causes slew rate? 21. determine the voltage gain. circuit? on its performance? op-amps? compensation? 19. 20. Calculate the output voltage V0 of the circuit shown in fig. For the op-amp shown. 15.www.blogspot.eeeexclusive. 14. What do you mean by a band-gap referenced biasing In practical op-amps. Draw the circuit diagram of voltage follower using IC 741. 1 22. 18. 1 . what is the effect of high frequency What is the need for frequency compensation in practical Mention the frequency compensation methods. 23.
2.eeeexclusive.blogspot. Discuss the frequency response of op-amp 8. With circuit and waveforms explain the working operation of voltage shunt Feedback amplifier. 7. 3. Obtain the frequency response of an open-loop op-amp and discuss about the methods of frequency compensation . Explain various stability criteria of op-amp circuit. Discuss the various DC characteristic of op-amp. What are the methods used to improve the slew rate? Briefly explain.com 16 marks questions 1. 10. Explain the operation of differential amplifier 6. 1 .www. 4. With circuit and waveforms explain the working operation of voltage series feedback amplifier. 9. Write a brief note on frequency compensation in op-amp. design a temperature compensated zener-reference source. 5.
eeeexclusive. 5v 2k U2 + 2k 2k OU T V o 2v 3v 10k 12. UNIT III : APPLICATION OF OP – AMPS 2 Marks Questions: 1.blogspot. What are the methods used to improve the slew rate? Briefly explain.com 11.www. What do you mean by a precision diode? 6. List the features of instrumentation amplifier: 5. What is the need for an instrumentation amplifier? 4. 7. A)What is meant by voltage follower? B)Determine the output voltage vo for the following circuit. Mention some of the linear applications of op – amps : 2. List the applications of Log amplifiers: 1 . Mention some of the non – linear applications of op-amps:3. Write down the applications of precision diode.
27. 20. 12. 22. 11. 33. What is integrating type converter? Explain in brief the principle of operation of successive What are the main advantages of integrating type ADCs? What is the main drawback of a dual-slop ADC? State the advantages of dual slope ADC: Define conversion time. 31. 13. 30.blogspot. 34. Write down the condition for good differentiation :10. What do you mean by monostable multivibrator?. What is a comparator? What are the applications of comparator? What is a Schmitt trigger? What is a multivibrator? What is an astable multivibrator? What is a bistable multivibrator? 14. What are the limitations of the basic differentiator circuit? 9. What are the requirements for producing sustained oscillations in feedback circuits? 18. Define resolution of a data converter. 28. 17. 24. 32. 19.com 8.www. Define accuracy of converter. 23. 26. What is settling time? Explain in brief stability of a converter: 21. 16.eeeexclusive. What are the demerits of passive filters? Approximation ADC. 15. Mention any two audio frequency oscillators : What are the characteristics of a comparator? What is a filter? What are the advantages of active filters? Mention some commonly used active filters : List the broad classification of ADCs. 25. 29. 35. 36. List out some integrating type converters. Where is the successive approximation type ADC’s used? 1 .
Discuss the need for an instrumentation amplifier? Give a detailed analysis for the same.blogspot. 5. What is meant by linearity? What is monotonic DAC? What is multiplying DAC? What is a sample and hold circuit? Where it is used? Define sample period and hold period. 1 . 40. 6. 3. What is integrating type converter? Explain the operation of dual slope ADC: 8. Explain the operation of sample and hold circuit .www. 39. 9. What is meant by delta modulation? 16 marks questions 1. Discuss in detail the operation of Astable multivibrator. Explain the various types of digital to analog converters: Discuss the need for an filter? Give a detailed analysis for 11. 38.eeeexclusive. 42. active filter. What are the requirements for producing sustained oscillations in feedback circuits? Discuss any two audio frequency oscillators. Explain the operation of the Schmitt trigger.com 37. 2. 10. 4. 41. Discuss in detail the operation of Monostable multivibrator. Explain the operation of FLASH type ADC. Explain the principle of operation of successive Approximation ADC. 12. Explain the operation OF Wein bridge oscillator 7.
blogspot. Mention some applications of 555 timer: 1 .eeeexclusive.www. Mention some areas where PLL is widely used: 2.com UNIT –IV 555 TIMER ANALOG MULTIPLIER AND PLL 2 marks questions 1.
17. Define capture range of PLL: 9. What are the merits of companding?. 12. Define lock-in range of a PLL: 8. Give the classification of phase detector: What are the problems associated with switch type phase What is a voltage controlled oscillator? On what parameters does the free running frequency of detector? VCO depend on? 14. 11.blogspot. Give the expression for the VCO free running frequency. What are the three stages through which PLL operates? 7. Define Pull-in time. 1 . 20. List the applications of 555 timer in monostable mode of operation: 4. Define Voltage to Frequency conversion factor.www. 15. Mention some typical applications of PLL: What is a compander IC? Give some examples.eeeexclusive. 18. 16. 10. 13. List the basic building blocks of PLL: 6. 19. What is the purpose of having a low pass filter in PLL? Discuss the effect of having large capture range.com 3. List the applications of 555 timer in Astable mode of operation: 5.
www. Also derive an expression for fo. 5. 7. 3.eeeexclusive. What is a linear voltage regulator? 4. What is a voltage regulator? 2. Give the classification of voltage regulators: 3. Explain the Astable mode of operation using 555 timer. Analyze the analog multiplier IC with a neat circuit diagram. explain the operation of VCO. discuss the applications of PLL: the monostable mode in detail? 6. Briefly explain the block diagram of PLL and derive the expression for Lock range and capture range. 4. 2. What is 555 timer? What are the features of 555 timer? Explain UNIT V – SPECIAL FUNCTION ICs 2 mark questions 1. List the applications of OTA: 16 marks 1. What is a switching regulator? 1 .com 21. discuss the applications of 555 monostable timer. Discuss its applications. With a neat functional diagram.blogspot.
Give some examples of monolithic IC voltage regulators: 7.eeeexclusive. Define line regulation. What is the purpose of having input and output capacitors in three terminal IC regulators? 8. In detail dicuss the 723 IC general purpose voltage regulator. 3. 14. What are the advantages of IC voltage regulators? 6. Explain the operation of ICL 8038 function generator.Give its advantages. Explain the operation of opto electronic ICs 1 . Explain the functional diagram of LM 380 power amplifier. 6. What is meant by current limiting? Give the drawbacks of linear regulators: What is the advantage of switching regulators? What is an opto-coupler IC? Give examples.blogspot. 13.www. Give its advantages. 2. 15.com 5. Explain any one isolation amplifier IC with the help of block diagram and state application of isolation amplifier IC. 12. Define load regulation. 5. 11. 9. Explain the operation of switching regulators. 10. Mention the advantages of opto-couplers: What is an isolation amplifier? 16 marks 1. 4.