Global Health: Maternal and Child Health

The Global Need

FY13 Committee Approved Funding Senate: $679 million House: $605 million

In June 2012, the U.S., along with 162 other governments, made a bold promise to the world to end preventable child deaths.1 In fact, U.S. investments have made a major contribution to the 10 percent reduction in infant mortality rates worldwide over the last eight years, and USAID interventions help save the lives of more than 6 million children under 5 every year.2 Still, there are 6.9 million deaths among children under five each year, largely due to avoidable and treatable causes, including pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria. Malnutrition is the underlying cause of about one-third of deaths in these young children.3 Every year in 358,000 women are dying from largely preventable complications related to pregnancy or childbirth. Significance of Funding Levels The extra $73.418 million dollars approved by the Senate Appropriations Committee for FY13 could provide:   Over 6.9 million children immunizations against tetanus, pertussis, and hepatitis, or Over 1.8 million children immunizations against polio, measles, and rotavirus, or Over 6.3 million children low-cost antibiotics to treat pneumonia-the leading killer of children under five, or Over 11.5 million children oral rehydration salts that could help save many of the 1.1 million who die 4 needlessly from diarrhea. Importance of Funding Funding for preventing illness and promoting good health in mothers and children reduces the cost of curing people when they get sick – by up to $700 million globally per year for child survival alone.5 U.S. investments and the bold child survival call to action have led to country ownership of these important health initiatives, including in India, Nigeria, Malawi and Nepal- which have prioritized and invested their own resources in maternal and child health.

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Significance of Funding – Success is Possible

Since the inception of its child survival and maternal health program, the United States, in collaboration with many international partners, has delivered unprecedented successes: • • •
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Almost a billion episodes of child diarrhea treated each year, reducing child deaths from diarrheal disease by more than 50 percent since 1990; More than 100 million children received basic immunizations each year; More than 75 million infants and children with pneumonia received treatment annually; Malnutrition among children under age 5 has been reduced from one in three to one in four, a 25 percent reduction; and More than 70 percent of women receive at least some care during pregnancy.6

A Promise Renewed. (2012). A Call to Action. As retrieved from http://www.apromiserenewed.org/A_Call_to_Action.html. USAID. (2012). USAID Maternal and Child Health. As retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/maternal-and-child-health . 3 UNICEF. (2012). Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed, Progress Report 2012. Forward, As retrieved from http://uni.cf/QQB5wA 4 Costs determined by average treatment costs of interventions and include vaccines, cold chain, syringes & needles, training and salaries. 5 World Health Organization. (2012). Investing in Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health. Page 3. As retrieved from http://bit.ly/VEesIW 6 USAID. (2009). USAID’s Child Survival and Maternal Health Program. Page 2. As retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACN044.pdf.

October 31, 2012

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