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december 2012 Vol.8 no.12
Green Korea Green World
Going Green with the Globe Korea Leads the Green Way
Green Growth for All
12 Pen & brush Folk art painter Lee Yong-ae
16 People a Grandma With a Stethoscope Dr. Cho byung-kuk
20 Great Korean a Great thinker and Revolutionist Shin Chae-ho
22 Seoul Yeouido’s IFC mall bringing Vibrancy to Korea’s Wall Street
26 Travel a pure White town Under the azure Sky Jeongseon in Winter
30 festival the pyeongchang trout Festival
32 Now in Korea play anytime anywhere in Korea anipang
34 Sports taekwondo around the World
36 Entertainment Setting Sights on new heights K-pop evolves
38 Global Korea South Korea Leads Global trend for e-Government System
40 Summit Diplomacy South Korean Leader Visits Cambodia for Regional Cooperation Summits
42 Special Issue a new home for the Korean Government Sejong City
45 flavor Garaetteok & Jocheong
46 My Korea oriental Clinic
49 Learn Korean It seems it will snow.
publisher Woo Jin-Yung, Korean Culture and Information Service editing the booK CompanY e-mail email@example.com printing Jeonkwang printing&Information all rights reserved. no part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without permission from KOrea and the Korean Culture and Information Service. the articles published in KOrea do not necessarily represent the views of the publisher. the publisher is not liable for errors or omissions. If you want to receive a free copy of KOrea or wish to cancel a subscription, please e-mail us. A downloadable PDF file of KOrea and a map and glossary with common Korean words appearing in our text are available by clicking on the thumbnail of KOrea on the homepage of www.korea.net.
Green Growth for All
green korea green world
The advanced countries have for too long turned a blind eye to the degradation of the environment for the sake of economic growth. This path is termed “brown growth” in contrast to “green growth,” a more environment-friendly and sustainable path of economic growth. Advocates of green growth call for the suppression of all sorts of pollutive activities through appropriate regulations and taxation and by revamping pricing systems. Korea has strived to promote green growth domestically and internationally by helping develop green technologies and industries and by exercising green diplomacy. Two of the outcomes of such endeavors are the launch of the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) and the selection of Songdo as the host of the United Nations’ Green Climate Fund (GCF) Secretariat. No doubt, Korea is among the pack of the global leaders in green growth.
2 korea december 2012
The Hangwon Wind Power Generation Complex in Jeju is Korea’s first wind power generators generating 21,900 MW of energy annually.
Presidential Committee on Green Growth and organization related to green growth. His
the more difficult launching of an international government has followed through, and after four years, the nation is celebrating the first fruits of its success.
GREEN CENTER OF THE WORLD
On October 20, the Board of the Green
Climate Fund (GCF) announced that Songdo the competition to host the GCF. Five other
International Business District in Incheon won countries including Germany, Mexico, Namibia, Poland, and Switzerland had also made bids. fund founded three years ago within the on Climate Change to assist and finance The GCF is a multibillion-dollar UN-operated
framework of the UN Framework Convention developing countries’ adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change. At the Copenhagen COP in 2009, developed nations
agreed to increase climate aid, now about USD ten billion a year, to an annual USD 100 billion by 2020 to help developing countries curb
greenhouse gas emissions and cope with floods,
Going Green with the Globe
droughts, heat waves, and rising sea levels. By
KoreA leAds the Green wAy
The past four years have seen Korea make stellar progress in low-carbon green growth. The government established legal and institutional frameworks to facilitate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and has invested increasingly heavily in green technologies and industries, leading the international community in the green way.
by Lee Jeong-eun and Chung Da-young / in cooperation with the Presidential Committee on Green Growth
South Korea’s Green Leadership
In celebration of the 60th anniversary of the foundation of the nation in 2008, President Lee Myung-bak announced the beginning of the green growth paradigm. “I propose a new vision for the nation:
that time, the fund should be comparable in size to the International Monetary Fund, and the GCF should be commensurate in status with the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. South Korea’s hosting of the GCF Secretariat evidences the nation’s international status and influence within the world as an active player in green growth. When the GCF secretariat establishes its headquarters in Songdo next year, it will be the first major international
Low Carbon Green Growth. Green growth is sustainable growth that also reduces It will be a new paradigm for national of growth for the nation.” greenhouse gases and environmental pollution. development that creates jobs and new drivers His ambitious plans included setting up the
organization to be based in South Korea and
the first environmental organization in Asia.
Korea had already established two centers for strategy and technology development in the
Before the bid for the GCF secretariat, South
field of green growth: the Global Green Growth
4 korea december 2012
Institute (GGGI) and the Green
Technology Center Korea (GTCK) government.
initiated and set up by the Korean The GGGI, established in June
2010, is a think tank that develops strategies for environmentfriendly economic growth. It is
an outgrowth of President Lee’s commitment to next-generation energy sources and technologies for acknowledged as an international
developed countries. The GGGI was organization at the Rio+20 Summit in Brazil establishment of a national carbon exchange system by January 2015. The three organizations (GCF, GGGI, and
days after the announcement of Songdo. The GTCK was launched in March this year as a center of green technology R&D.
broader effort by Korean officials to turn Asia’s fourth-largest economy into a greener one and share its experience with other countries. Since President Lee Myung-bak proclaimed
The establishment of the two was part of a
GTCK) will be the finance, strategy, and
technology entities of the Green Triangle
initiative envisioned by the South Korean
seven global green powerhouses by 2020 and one of the top five by 2050. Since 2009, the government has developed and invested in proposed policies.
government to build a sustainable platform
The current government also aims to increase for all energy needs from 2.4 percent last year to over 11 percent by 2030. The Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), mandatory usage
for green growth. South Korea has secured a
green growth as a new national vision in 2008, the government has allocated two percent of the nation’s GDP per year toward reducing fuels, increasing use of alternative energy,
1 President Lee Myung-bak visited Ilulissat during his official visit to Greenland in September. 2 The GGGI was acknowledged as an international organization at the Rio+20 Summit 2012.
position in the international society as a political bridge through numerous achievements such as hosting events including the G20 Seoul Summit in 2010 and the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit. And now with the Green Triangle
new green technologies and implemented the
South Korea’s dependence on renewable energy
1 The Songdo I-Tower in Incheon will house the GCF Secretariat. 2 A hydrogen car fuelled by a hydrogen fuel cell. It is recognized as the ecofriendly car of the future.
local economies’ heavy dependence on fossil and development of green industries. In 2009,
CARBON TRADE SYSTEM
One of the ideas the government has been pushing for is a carbon-trading system requiring companies to reduce greenhouse
of renewable energy for public buildings, the
One Million Green Homes Project, and green
pieced together, South Korea is better positioned to establish itself as a global environment leader.
car development are some of the government’s The usage of renewable energy for public
the country pledged to cut its greenhouse gas
emissions by 30 percent from business-as-usual nearly unanimously passed legislation for the
levels by 2020. This May, the National Assembly
South Korea is one of the first countries to enshrine green growth in its national development strategy. In 2008, the country dedicated 80 percent of its fiscal stimulus plan to green growth projects, particularly
gas emissions. Under the so-called cap-and-
plans that are under way to realize this scheme. buildings was implemented in 2004, but
trade system on the emissions of greenhouse gases, firms will have to trade allowances on in a marketplace like a stock exchange. emissions measured in tons among themselves In the initial stage, the government will hand
this policy has been strengthened after the
government’s green growth plan. Before, five percent of the total construction fees for new public buildings was set aside for installing renewable energy systems. Now, ten percent of total energy consumption must be met by and geothermal power as sources of energy homes were transformed into green homes with support from the government. South Korea is also leading the global renewable energy. More homes are using solar instead of gas and fuel. In 2010, nearly 30,000
out most of the allowances free of charge. The
cap will vary by company and industry. Then, emissions below the cap, or buy quotas from
infrastructure and transportation. The following year, the government announced plans to invest USD 85 billion in clean energy technologies and implement its green growth plan, creating a clean-tech export industry.
starting in 2013, the firms will have to keep their other firms who have excess allowances. The and demand in the market.
price will be naturally determined by supply Local business associations have opposed the
more than one million new jobs and bolstering These plans were disclosed in 2009 during a
scheme, citing the cost. However, officials assert reducing the heavy dependence on oil and gas imports and developing alternative energy sources that are friendly to the environment.
session overseen by the Presidential Committee on Green Growth Strategy and Five-Year Green
that the carbon-trading system is crucial toward
industry in green technology development. Companies such as Samsung SDI and LG Chemical have claimed more than 40 percent of the global market for lithium secondary batteries that are used to power smart phones
Growth Plan (2009-2013). The government
presented its goal to become one of the top
6 korea december 2012
1 A view of the Sihwaho Lake Tidal Power Station 2 Batteries being recharged at the solar power plant in Koh Slar, Cambodia
and electric cars. Exports of secondary batteries reached USD four billion in 2011, nearly double the USD 2.5 billion level in 2009. The country’s competitive edge in the
extremely poor. What is more, roughly 70 power.
percent of Cambodian territory has no electric The only electricity the villagers of Ta Ken
clear criteria for green ODA, but the OECD Development Assistance Committee’s aidto-environment policy marker and the Rio green
secondary battery market is also influencing eco-friendly green car development. In 2010, Hyundai Motor Company developed the
Koh Sla could use was battery power, and the
Markers must generally apply. Put succinctly, environment and green growth. Korea also considers new and renewable energy in addition to those factors. The EACP helps residents in poor,
batteries had to be recharged at a private diesel
ODA considers the recipient country’s
nation’s first full-speed battery electric vehicle has promised to support the private sector in
power plant once every three or four days. That is, until they got their own solar plant last May. The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) constructed two solar plants of 30
(EV): the BlueOn. The South Korean government developing the parts and materials needed for
EV manufacturing, and it is already providing a subsidy of USD 18,000 for each first-time EV buyer.
kW and 60 kW capacity as part of the East Asia Climate Partnership (EACP), KOICA’s flagship program. The 60 kW plant serves Ta Ken Koh Sla, allowing the villagers to read and watch TV as they please.
underdeveloped areas use a range of new and renewable energy sources including solar energy, hydroelectric power, biomass, and waste, thereby facilitating job creation and boosting projects in ten countries including Sri Lanka and Mongolia. incomes. The EACP is presently conducting 20 future for developing countries, but also more opportunities for Korean companies to enter potential. developing green markets with great growth As seen in the Cambodian case earlier,
The East Asia Climate Partnership (EACP)
“It’s so good to be able to read books at night!” exclaimed Bopha, a 12-year-old boy living in Province, Cambodia.
1 The LED panel installed in the ceiling of the Expo Digital Gallery was a great hit during Expo 2012 Yeosu. 2 Smart grid and electrical installation
green growth in Asia and help developing
The EACP is KOICA’s program to facilitate
countries better respond to climate change. suggestion at the G8 Summit held in July
It was initiated at President Lee Myung-bak’s 2008. The EACP has since become a byword assistance (ODA) for developing countries. A new buzzword in the international
ODA AS A GREEN WAY
the EACP helps improve the quality of life in the recipient countries, leaving a good impression of Korea in their hearts, and above all things heightens the awareness of green of the recipient countries. growth among the governments and peoples Korea’s green ODA will stimulate its own
The Korean government has more plans for Green Growth (PCGG) foresees green ODA
the small village of Ta Ken Koh Sla in Kampot Ta Ken Koh Sla was established for disabled
green ODA. The Presidential Committee on representing at least 30 percent of Korea’s total ODA by 2020. Korea is especially competitive in such areas as new and renewable energy, energy efficiency, and water management.
for environment-friendly official development
military veterans. This means that it is the
women and children who labor to earn a living. The general living conditions are, naturally,
community is “green ODA,” and the EACP is a green ODA initiative. There are not yet any
growth and instill hope and dreams in the underdeveloped places across the world.
Increasing green ODA not only means a greener
hearts of numerous kids like Bopha in many
8 korea december 2012
Chairman Yang Soo-gil of the Presidential Committee on Green Growth
Korea has been in the vanguard of shaping the world’s green growth paradigm for the past four years. Chairman Yang Soo-gil of the Presidential Committee on Green Growth (PCGG) tells us the outcomes of Korea’s effort for green growth so far, the hurdles ahead, Korea’s role in the international community as a green growth leader, and future directions. by Lee Jeong-eun
From Brown to Green Growth
growth an integral part of the everyday life of Koreans, the government is promoting green cities, buildings,
transportation, education, and lifestyle in numerous ways. For example, we plan to lay more railways, encourage the use of bicycles instead of cars for commuting, and induce people to generate less food waste. More and more businesses are
opting for green management with a more in green technology to create a new source of competitiveness. Why do we need green growth as a new economic growth model? Humanity, especially in advanced is needed more desperately than ever, expected to expand. the roles of the three organizations are
forward-looking attitude. They invest
Environment-friendly companies are perceived as consumer-friendly, and the public also feels the need for a reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
countries, has, since the Industrial depleting natural resources and
change in lifestyle to save energy and
Revolution, pursued economic growth, damaging the environment. This path growth.” As a result, the planet,
What are the major outcomes of green growth in Korea? For the past four years, the PCGG agencies, many businesses, and
What are the challenges that the next administration should tackle for green growth?
of economic growth is termed “brown humanity’s only home, faces a serious environmental crisis. Green growth is meant to address the adverse side all sorts of activities that damage
along with other relevant government citizens have all made efforts to lay the foundation for green growth. For example, we now have an overall framework, a system to
government has focused on paving the way for green growth, the next government should make aggressive
Korea as the chair incorporated its growth in the summit agreement,
The groundwork for green growth,
support for the promotion of green and at the 2012 Rio+20 summit, Korea
including the legal and organizational frameworks and mid- and long-term detailed institutional reforms are plans, has been established, but more necessary to achieve a more substantial outcome. The reform of pricing and taxation systems and other specific institutional improvements should be made to encourage businesses
advances by making the case for green their awareness into real practice.
growth so that the public will translate
presented green growth as an inclusive action-oriented strategy for sustainable development and announced its plan to pursue a Global Green Growth Partnership. The launch of the GGGI, which is of which founding was led by
effects of brown growth by suppressing the environment through regulation pricing systems to the effect they Green growth is also about more and industries.
facilitate reductions in greenhouse
and taxation and thereby revamping become more environment-friendly. support for eco-friendly technologies Fully aware of the need for a new in the international community. What is the meaning and role of the so-called “green triangle”? The “green triangle” refers to a “green architecture for all” with the three organizations for green growth that involve Korea. They are the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), the Green Climate Fund (GCF) of
gas emissions, and green industries economic growth. Of course, it is
What are the primary diplomatic
that are ready to help drive national premature to evaluate the outcome of meaningful change.
outcomes so far and Korea’s role to in regards green growth?
play in the international community Korea’s multifarious efforts to
the first international organization Korea, Songdo’s hosting of the GCF Secretariat, and KOICA’s EACP are promotion of global green growth. The green way is a long way. As a leader in green growth, Korea needs examples of Korea’s leading role in the
Korea’s green growth policy, but I see The paradigm for national economic
and individuals to save more energy, thereby reducing greenhouse gas system for green technology and emissions. Deregulation and a support industries are called for to make new and renewable energy more feasible. The public’s awareness of the
establish green growth as a new
growth paradigm in the international outcomes. At such international organizations as the OECD and
means of achieving long-term growth and a new economic paradigm, the vision with a focus on low-carbon Korean government declared a national green growth for the next 60 years at
growth changed from brown to green growth, and we have established the underpin the change. legal and institutional groundwork to A five-year plan for green growth
community have garnered significant
the United Nations, Korea has led discussions on green growth and resulting in the adoption of the suggested the adoption of declarations, Declaration on Green Growth by the OECD ministers. The OECD is also drawing up a Green Growth Strategy
national ceremony commemorating the Republic of Korea on August 15, 2008. Korea, but has become a shared asset
the United Nations, and the Green Technology Center-Korea (GTCK). has made Korea a global leader The completion of this green triangle in green growth. As international
and national targets on reductions in
importance of green growth has risen, but many still believe that green growth means a lower quality of life reason, the practice of green growth has been limited. If the incumbent
international climate change efforts, continue to promote green growth, its green efforts in concert with bear fruit for all. and devise effective policies so that countries around the world will
to continue contributing to
60th anniversary of the founding of the Green growth is no longer confined to
greenhouse gas emissions have been set, and green technologies and industries are receiving more investment. Green
with annoying inconveniences. For this
industries are becoming the next great growth driver. In order to make green
cooperation to counter climate change
Report. At the 2010 G20 Seoul Summit,
10 korea december 2012
PEN & BRUSH
Folk Art PAinter lee Yong-Ae
by Im Sang-bum / photographs by Moon Duk-gwan
Aesthetic Symbolism Captured on Canvas
Minhwa is a genre of traditional Korean folk art that has seen renewed interest in recent years. The minhwa paintings by Lee Yong-ae are humorous, imaginative, and unpresumptuous, capturing the lives of Koreans through symbolic figures and objects. As a contemporary traditional folk artist, she experiments a great deal while retaining the essential elements of traditional Korean folk painting.
ambling with a humorous facial expression, tigers pass by peony blossoms, which are
painting using bunchae (special color paints), beginning with white. Bunchae is not easy to an inkstone or plate to make it fluid paint. use. You have to rub a bunchae stick in water on “Bunchae paints become solid or evaporate
expressed with sophisticated scrumbling. On a slender pine twig is a magpie with good news to share.
delicate touches of the brush. They feature
Lee Yong-ae’s paintings are creations of
quickly,” says Lee, “so I have to concentrate very hard for three or four hours at a time. The white bunchae is an especially sensitive paint, because the seashell powder tends to precipitate and stirred up.”
animals, plants, and objects that have long
been familiar to Koreans, as well as the lives of minhwa is believed to be hundreds of years paintings depict people’s lives and wishes through humor and satire.
Koreans. Traditional Korean folk painting called old and is a treasured cultural legacy. Minhwa
renders different shades of white whenever it is When a painting is about 90 percent
completed, she brings it to a paper backing shop to make the paper smooth and even. As a final step, she paints the most important and exquisite parts, small as they are. She’s been following the same process for years, but that does not mean she didn’t have any
immersed in this genre of art. It took her years are notoriously difficult to acquire.
beauty of minhwa 15 years ago, Lee has been
Ever since she discovered the value and
to master the basic techniques of minhwa, which The first step of painting is to dye paper
inner conflicts about the direction of her art. TRADITION OR REINTERPRETATION shall I cling to the tradition of minhwa or
using alder cones and gardenia seeds. The
possibilities for effect are endless. The shades of color depend on the thickness of the paper, the type and concentration of dye, and the number her paper herself. After the paper is ready, she decides what story to tell. The next step is to finally grab a brush. First, she does a rough sketch with meok
One day, she was at an important crossroads: creatively reinterpret it from a modern
of times the paper is dyed. This is why she dyes
point of view? The answer seemed elusive,
but she eventually decided to walk the two the symbolism and humor of minhwa, but creatively experiment with it on the way.
ways at the same time. She decided to keep
Happy. A painting with a very modern feature, the English word “happy”; 50 x 80cm, 2012.
(traditional black ink), and then colors the
12 korea december 2012
Painting the landscape as it unfolds before
Symbolism is what makes minhwa minhwa.
PEN & BRUSH
1 Artist Lee Yong-ae paints minhwa as if she is praying. 2 Lee uses a special paint called bunchae for her work.
young painters attempt to reinterpret minhwa,
Shall We Talk? A painting that Lee Yong-ae did when thinking of her son and herself. Its gold dust accents are beautiful; 90x 85cm, 2011.
Lee is not alone. Recent years have seen
Minhwa also leads
and she applauds them. Some paint minhwa on using clippings of photos and minhwa. It is
Lee to moments of
canvas using acrylic paints; some create collages now common to frame a minhwa painting and hang it in a modern space rather than hang it in the form of a scroll. Minhwa paintings from her eyes or an ideal world in an aesthetic how to respect the traditional form of minhwa not only in content but also in form. MINHWA AS PRAYERS
coloring her painting, to stop. When she
there comes a moment fails to stop, she soon realizes what human greed is, once again. is an ascetic means ae perfects herself as a human being Perhaps, minhwa
hundreds of years ago are different from today’s
manner can’t be minhwa, which has a clear
goal of depicting human lives using symbolic figures, creatures, and objects. Everything own meaning. Peony blossoms symbolize vases peace at home, and magpies good that is featured in a minhwa painting has its wealth and honor, pomegranates fecundity, news and blessings. Tigers are believed to and magpies also symbolize greedy and
but also rearrange the symbols in new and
varied ways. She doesn’t constrain herself to the real sizes and proportions of things and even uses English words like “happy” in her
like a fine pearl in the mud. Only in recent years has the genre drawn renewed appreciation. To borrow Lee’s expression, minhwa is not fettered
The value of minhwa was hidden for so long,
by which Lee Yong-
paintings. In order to give a three-dimensional feel, she paints butterflies separately and glues them on afterwards. Her solo exhibition held this last October
and an artist. What
by a strict frame of form, but a genre of freedom, perhaps the best to encapsulate Korean humor for health, happiness, and abundance. and satire and human beings’ universal wishes In that sense, minhwa is like a prayer for Lee.
is admirable about her practice of asceticism is reaches out to the outer world.
that she does not remain in her inner world, but “I can help others only just so much with
chase away evil spirits and bad luck. Tigers corrupt government officials and commoners
vividly demonstrated how she is walking the
two ways simultaneously. Half of the exhibited works were faithful to the tradition of minhwa, and the other half were minhwa paintings that
money,” Lee says. “My humble hope is that my paintings, even if only for a moment.”
respectively. So a minhwa painting of a magpie perched on a pine tree teasing and provoking a tiger is full of humor and satire. Lee constantly poses questions to herself on
Deeply absorbed in painting, she consigns soul must go through, and gains peace at
people will smile and be at peace when they see Like those by painters of hundreds of years
incorporate modern formative arts. Some view her new minhwa style as pop art or Western painting.
to oblivion her life’s tribulations, which any heart, set free from all the noisy voices within.
many souls of her time.
ago, Lee Yong-ae’s minhwa paintings console
14 korea december 2012
A Grandma With a Stethoscope
Dr. Cho BYung-kuk
She spent about half a century at a clinic attached to Holt Children’s Services Inc. as a mother and physician of children waiting to be adopted. At nearly the age of 80, she still holds her stethoscope to the chests of patients—orphaned and disabled—to hear their lungs and hearts. She tells us hopeful stories of one of the lowliest places in the world. by Lee Jeong-eun / photographs by Moon Duk-gwan
ood morning, Doctor!”
nose. I’m wearing five layers, but caught a cold anyway.”
“I have a cold. No temperature, just a runny
“Hi, Matae. Are you sick?”
stethoscope for a while due to serious shoulder
pains. Some time later, I received a call from the Holt Ilsan Center. They asked me to take care of already three years ago.” disabled children just for four months. That was The Holt Ilsan Center opened in 1961 for
at this sweat. If you wear too much, you are
“Oh, you’re wearing too many clothes. Look
actually more likely to catch a cold. Driving hard.”
children who are both disabled and orphaned. Their disabilities prevented them from being adopted. The center is home to 270 persons
the garbage truck early in the morning must be Matae (a Korean transliteration of Matthew)
with disabilities including some who came here when the center opened. Matae is one of them. The residents not only receive training and
frequents the clinic office of Dr. Cho Byung-kuk. He has a mental disability. Like a small child who looks around for his mom as soon as he
treatment, but learn how to live as independent human beings. Matae’s disability is not too his wife and children. serious, so he works at the center to support
wakes up in the morning, Matae comes to her office at the slightest cough or scratch. It is his very heart that he wants to have cured. At a clinic attached to Holt Children’s
Services, Cho spent about 50 years as a mother be adopted. Today, she works for persons who were not adopted because of their disabilities. Next year, she turns 80, but she cannot leave Holt. “I joined the clinic in 1974 and retired in
MOTHER OF 60,000 ADOPTEES
and physician of children who were waiting to
Cho’s reasons for becoming a medical doctor
are painful. After losing two younger siblings dying during the Korean War, she decided to from Yonsei University School of Medicine
become a life-restoring doctor. She graduated and did her internship at Seoul City Dongbu a resident. Before she joined Holt Children’s Services years later, she volunteered there. “In the 1960s, Korea was an extremely
1993,” says Cho. “Because of the low pay,
nobody wanted to fill the vacancy. So, I worked director.’ One day, I had to put down my
16 korea december 2012
Children’s Hospital, where she also served as
there for another 15 years with the title, ‘former
In cooperation with www.forthenextgeneration.com
to disease and then seeing people injured and
soon lifted, she had already suffered great
frustration, asking herself, “Was what I did
a letter,” says Cho. “I feel the same way right to all those nurses and volunteers who have helped me with this mission in many ways.
merely to export orphans?” She had only hoped to find new parents for sick and abandoned children to help them grow in loving homes, but there were few in Korea who were willing and turned her eyes toward willing and qualified qualified to adopt such children. That’s why she families in other countries. She nearly resigned out of distress but the thought of the children carry on. who would be deserted once again drove her to
now. If I could, I would like to make a deep bow
As long as my health allows, I want to meet the children who were at Holt while taking care of the residents here.” That is why this old physician—Dr. Cho
Byung-kuk—takes up her stethoscope again today.
More than 60,000 adoptees were under the care of Cho at one time or another. When doing the paperwork for those children, she always “abandoned in/at ________.”
wrote, “discovered in/at ________” rather than “Well, I got the idea from Americans,” says
About Dr. Cho Byung-kuk - Medical Director, Holt llsan Center - Yonsei University Medical School, Bachelor of Medicine - Order of Civil Merit, Camellia Medal on the 7th Adoption Day, 2012 - 26th Boryeong Medical Award, 2010 - Medical Director, Holt International Children’s Services Medical Clinic (1963-2008) - Medical Director, Holt llsan Center Medical Center (2008-present)
Cho. “When an adoptee has a chance to see feel hurt deep down if they see the word,
their adoption document as a grownup, they ‘abandoned.’ Children abandoned are sad, but 1980, I always wrote, ‘discovered.’”
Dr. Cho Byung-kuk will turn 80 next year, but she still treats the disabled to this day.
children discovered are hopeful. So, ever since Cho has many well-thumbed photo albums
poor country,” recalls Cho. “Children were
abandoned at the door of the hospital, and a and inadequate medical treatment. More
rice, that helped the children grow and that
quarter of them died because of malnutrition than 2,000 children were left at the hospital
sending them abroad as adoptees was the only viable way to keep them alive and give them opportunities to pursue happiness. She resigned from the hospital where she had worked for 14 years, and moved to a clinic attached to Holt Children’s Services. At the new workplace, she rolled up her
sent by the adoptive parents, showing that those small, sick children had become all smiles and tears to her eyes from time to time. healthy. Seeing them is heartwarming, bringing “There was a child who lost her legs,” says
every year, and about 500 of these died soon
afterwards. Whenever I saw a child whose life
Cho in reminiscence, “because her mom had
helplessly flickered away, I hated myself for not I had to write a death certificate, I asked myself accusingly, ‘Am I a doctor, who is supposed to heal people?’” Back then, social interest in and the
jumped before a running train with the child
being able to do anything but watch. Whenever
sleeves to find new parents for children who were without families. When their faces regained their long-lost smiles upon meeting
in her arms. Thankfully, she was adopted by an American family. Some years later, her parents sent me photos of her climbing a jungle gym, and another some years later of her skating!
their new parents, her heart was overwhelmed. half a century.
government’s support for such children were an impossible luxury. Children raised at institutions or hospitals were more likely to
That joy kept her at Holt Children’s Services for Of course, for all those many years, there
Who would have known such a miracle could eyes were brimming with tears.”
happen? I was so thankful to the world that my These days, she lives at the Holt Ilsan Center
be sick and grow slowly even if they were fed
were frustrations, too. The international
adequately. However, once they were adopted of vitality. Cho concluded that it was love, not
18 korea december 2012
community attached the stigma of “exporter of orphans” to Korea, so the government completely banned the sending of children abroad as adoptees. Although the ban was
in order to take better care of those 270 persons with disabilities—children and grownups— whom nobody was willing to adopt.
and had a family, they became chubby and full
working for a moment and say ‘thank you,’ in
“An adoptee wrote, ‘Now is the time to stop
A Great Thinker and Revolutionist
to establish an overseas base for the Korean
independence effort. In China, he immersed
independence activities were uncovered, and he was sentenced to ten years in prison.
himself in studies in search of ways to make historical sites to learn more about ancient
Shin Chae-ho was a great Korean leader during the turbulent period when the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910) opened its doors to the wider world and eventually fell under Japanese colonial rule. He always matched his deeds to his words and died in a foreign land before his fatherland was liberated. His life as a true fighter for independence still resonates with Koreans today and is an inspiration for all.
by Im Sang-beom / photographs with courtesy of the Danjae Arts Festival Committee
the independence movement effective, explored history, and also studied English. People who stubborn and had a very strange method of
He died of a cerebral
personally knew him later recalled that he was study. His English pronunciation was also very peculiar, but he had no intention of fixing it. After spending about ten years studying
hemorrhage after eight
years of imprisonment, but to the very end, his remained as strong as ever before the stark reality of his nation. His unyielding uncompromising spirit
and fighting for the independence of Korea, Shin joined the Provisional Government of Korea in Shanghai. This was in the wake of the Samil Independence Movement (lit.
hin Chae-ho was one of Korea’s literati
He defies easy definition. He lived an intense
by foreign forces and finally colonized.
during an era when the nation was buffeted
spirit as a fierce patriot is remembered with famous anecdotes. As a lost its sovereignty, he
March 1st Independence Movement) in 1919, When the provisional government became
life as a journalist, historian, militant activist, without ever wavering or compromising at a
a nationwide uprising against Japanese rule. mired in an internal power struggle, he began
and more. He persistently resisted Japanese rule time when many other intellectuals betrayed success.
subject of a country that eliminated his name from the census register and never bent forward when he washed his face.
1 Historical books opposing feudalism written by Shin Chae-ho during imprisonment. 2 The Joseon Dongnip Seoneon, a declaration of independence for the people. 2
to publish Cheongo, the first newspaper written encourage Koreans to fight for independence. resistance rather than subtle diplomacy or a cultural movement. In 1923, he announced of the Korean Revolution) in order to steel
their nation for their own personal comfort and Born in 1880, he lost his father when he was
only in Hangeul and wrote numerous essays to Shin was a hardliner who advocated violent
He also used to say, “When I die, please cremate my body and scatter the ashes in the sea so that they will never touch the boots of the Japanese invaders when they walk.”
only eight years old, so his grandfather, who
ran a seodang (traditional Korean schoolhouse), took care of him. When he was 18, he entered Seonggyungwan (which was comparable to a
the Joseon Dongnip Seoneon (lit. Declaration the members of Uiyeoldan (lit. Organization of the Righteous and Fierce) to the cause of independence. This of independence was an organization activists who held an
modern-day national university) where he was awakened to the necessity for reform in Korea and the changes that were occurring all around the world. In 1904, when Korea was threatened with annexation before Japanese imperial ambitions, he began to write for Hwangseong
psyche to this day. Koreans admire him as an uncompromising intellectual with a glowing love for his nation.
The iron spirit of Shin remains in the Korean
scathingly denounced Japan’s attempts to seize power in Korea and pro-Japanese Koreans, and imbued the readership with patriotism. Shin flatly opposed a feudal view of history focused on the dynasties or based on sadaejuui
Sinmun and Daehan Maeil Sinbo. His columns
uncompromising, violent logical and well-ordered declaration kindled independence.
line early in the 1920s. His
violent clashes for national Around 1925, Shin
(diplomatic subservience toward China, which was regarded as the center of the world). A THINKER AND DOER
became an anarchist
and joined the Eastern
Just before Korea was annexed by Japan, Shin exiled himself to China together with Ahn Chang-ho, Yi Gap, and other colleagues in order
20 korea december 2012
which eventually led to police in 1928. His
his arrest by the Japanese
Bringing Shopping and Entertainment to Korea’s Wall Street
In the forest of gleaming skyscrapers on Yeouido, the central financial district of Seoul, a new mega shopping center has opened its doors. IFC Mall brings new vibrancy to Korea’s Wall Street. by Chung Da-young / photographs by Moon Duk-gwan
YeouiDo’S iFC MAll
22 korea december 2012
eouido is one of Korea’s three main
An island on the Hangang River in the western part of the capital, Yeouido is the nation’s financial center and home to many businesses and investment banks. So, it was with great surprise when IFC Mall opened in August of to the bankers and brokers of Yeouido.
downtown Seoul and the Gangnam area.
business districts, the other two being
this year, bringing shopping and entertainment IFC Mall is below street level, underneath the
International Finance Center. It was developed by AIG Global Real Estate Development
1 The mall houses over 50 stores of global brands. 2 The mall is part of the largest IFC project which includes three office buildings and the Conrad Seoul Hotel. 3 The CGV Theater is also a place for movie premiers including the recent Korean hit Masquerade. 4 The glass pavilion acts as a natural lighting system throughout the mall.
in conjunction with Seoul Metropolitan
Government and is operated by Taubman Asia. includes three office buildings and the Conrad Seoul Hotel, which opened in November. It is the first “international-style” shopping mall in Korea. an ambitious USD 2.2 billion retail project and
The mall is part of the larger IFC project, which
with the layouts of international malls. But the pavilion that lets in sunlight during the day,
highlight of the mall is the 17-meter-high glass acting as a natural lighting system throughout the mall. The open, airy atmosphere creates a new kind of shopping experience for visitors,
meters of retail floor space on three levels. The vast space and scale of the mall are
The mall has 40,000 square
unprecedented compared to the closely spaced layout of Korea’s many department and wide halls afford a
and as you walk by the stores, you can almost
forget that the entire structure is underground. SHOPPING AND ENTERTAINMENT
stores. The absence of pillars space that bears comparison
The mall was built to attract the employees of nearby businesses as well as increase visitors to the Yeouido area. Whereas the area bustles during the workweek, it can be very quiet on the weekends. The primary customer target is office employees in their mid-20s to early 40s, primarily young career women. Most of the fashion-conscious but savvy spenders. stores offer trendy and affordable clothes for The mall houses global SPA brands such as bestsellers at YP Books or see a movie at the nine-screen CGV multiplex. All the places to eat are on the lowest level,
The open, airy atmosphere creates a new kind of shopping experience for visitors.
L3. There are many different types of restaurants and cafes including Korean, Japanese, Mexican, to more upscale restaurants like Wasedaya, a Japanese-style grill, shoppers can stop for a delicious meal in the mall. During the lunch the nearby businesses. and American to choose from. From McDonald’s
H&M, Zara, and Uniqlo along with flagship stores of popular brands such as Banana Republic and Hollister. The opening of the
Hollister flagship store in the mall created a first Hollister store to open in Korea.
hour, the food court throngs with workers from The mall is connected to Line 5 and 9 on the
IFC MALL INFO
buzz among young trendsetters as it was the The stores are more spacious and offer a
Seoul Subway System through an underground passage, making shopping easier rain or shine. Even before you get to the actual mall, stores pop in. and restaurants entice you off the walkway to
wider selection. They also have unique facades
that are representative of each brand concept. Window shoppers can check out the latest
Open 10 AM – 10 PM (restaurants and CGV Theater have their own hours) Tel +82-2-6333-5700 Website: www. ifcseoul.com Subway Yeouido Station, Line 5 and 9, exit 3
24 korea december 2012
A Pure White Town Under the Azure Sky
JeongSeon in Winter
When it snows, Jeongseon becomes a winter wonderland. Snowflakes cover every branch like blooming white flowers, and in the low temperature you can see your breath whenever you exhale. A truly blissful experience in this land of snow is to have a bowl of warm buckwheat noodles at Jeongseon Oiljang, the Gangwon-do town’s traditional market open every fifth day. by Lee Jeong-eun / photographs by Moon Duk-gwan
26 korea december 2012
n the mountain ridges in the two
Yeongwol is a network of trails on which trucks once transported coal from what today are abandoned mines. People left the area after
Gangwon-do towns of Jeongseon and
is the only casino open to Korean citizens. EATING AND RAILBIKING While visiting
the mines closed, but the trees, shrubs, and and luxuriantly than ever. All sorts of
grasses began to flourish much more vigorously wildflowers dot the mountains from spring to autumn, and snowflakes pile up on every tree pure white flowers. branch, making them appear as ever-blooming The beautiful scenery has renewed interest
Jeongseon, you should definitely go to the Jeongseon Oiljang opens every fifth itinerant market. It day as its name, Oiljang (lit. five-day market) After a hearty lunch
in the area. People have started referring to the network of coal trails as Haneul Gil (lit. Paths to the Sky). The paths run past Mt. Hambaeksan (1,573m), Mt. Baegunsan (1,426m), and up and down many steep hills. High1 Resort, a ski and leisure resort, is establishing a 160km
suggests, but there are also modern stores open living in remote mountain hamlets come
every day. Even so, the grandmas and grandpas down to the marketplace every fifth day with authentic life stories. The second and seventh tourists.
at Jeongseon Oiljang, runs about an hour
try railbiking. The rail from Gujeol Station
wild herbs, homemade trinkets, and the most days of every month are most recommended for After browsing through all sorts of wild
to Auraji Station, and biking along the rail isn’t as tough or cold other than on your
network of trekking trails out of Haneul Gil in and the Korea Forest Service.
cooperation with the county office of Jeongseon Of all routes of Haneul Gil, High1 Resort
as one would expect, face. So, wear a face mask or a hat.
2 1 Shoppers can find all sorts of wild herbs collected from the mountains. 2 Railbiking along the abandoned train rails is a unique activity in Jeongseon.
herbs collected from deep in the mountains
especially recommends a three-hour route
(and buying some of them), among other things, you should visit Meokja Golmok (lit. Let’s-Eat Alley). Both sides are lined with restaurants
that links Hwajeollyeong Hill Gil (lit. Path of Hwajeollyeong Hill), Nagyeopsong Gil (lit. Path of Larches), Cheonyeochima Gil (lit. Path
rocky cliffs on both sides, run through a
Biking the 7.2km track, you can enjoy the
that sell specialties of Gangwon-do—gondeure namul bap (rice mixed with mountain greens called gondeure), (buckwheat noodles),
tunnel decorated with pretty lighting, and Pedaling slowly through the landscape of
pass Songcheon Valley and farming villages. Gangwon-do, you will soon find yourself at Ho train back to Gujeol Station.
of a Girl’s Skirt), and a nearby observatory. The at the 18th hole of the High1 Country Club.
route starts at the Kangwonland Hotel and ends This route, which goes around High1 Resort, should set out early in the morning, as it not only takes more time to finish, but the sun goes down early. The most challenging part
memil jeonbyeong (buckwheat pancake), memil buchujeon (buckwheat pancake with Asian susubukkumi (sorghum pancake). Gondeure chives), nokdujeon (mung bean pancake), and
Auraji Station, where you can ride the Ariari
is not particularly difficult, but in winter you
namul bap is a kind of bibimbap in which rice is cooked with the herb gondeure namul (Cirsium setidens). The herb’s fragrance is unique, and Kotdeungchigi guksu is a kind of buckwheat
what to eat Yerim Sikdang Yerim Sikdang is a restaurant in the Jeongseon Oiljang marketplace, especially frequented by Jeongseon natives. The restaurant is famous for its gondeure namul bap and kotdeungchigi guksu , of which doenjang soups are Seoul especially appetizing.
of the route is the 3.6 kilometers from the hotel to Hwajeollyeong Hill, but this shouldn’t be
The Jeongseon Oiljang is filled with herbs and specialties of Gangwondo. It is one of the most representative markets in Korea.
the rice is mixed with soy sauce before eating. noodle. The name literally means “nose-ridgehitting noodles” because people tend to eat the noodles so enjoyably and quickly that the is made with doenjang (fermented soybean
a problem even for unskilled mountaineers.
They can ride a cable car from the resort to the walk down to Hwajeollyeong Hill. One thing
summit of Mt. Baegunsan, from where they can to note: you won’t be able to wade through the knee-deep snow at the summit without sticks and spats.
noodles hit their noses. The soup for the noodles paste). Memil jeonbyeong is comparable to crepes and is often eaten in the form of a roll with and spicy. minced kimchi packed inside. It tastes nutty
casino with 100 tables and 960 slot machines. It
28 korea december 2012
High1 Resort is also home to Korea’s largest
how to get there Car Seoul → Jungbu Expressway → Hobeop Junction → Yeongdong Expressway → Saemal Interchange → Wonju (National Road 42) → Anheung → Pyeongchang → Jeongseon Train Trains run six times a day from Cheongnyangni Station in Seoul to Jeongseon. The trip takes three and a half hours.
came to the festival last year alone. The greatest attractions are of course the thrilling moment just taken the hook, and the anticipation. when the line jerks, indicating that the trout has The temperature of Odaecheon Stream is
already just right for trout, and the Pyeongchang Trout Festival Committee lets loose more than one or two trout in three or four hours. 100,000 trout for the festival. Anyone can catch “The trout let loose for the festival are
rainbow trout, which are raised in extremely clean water at nearby fish farms,” says an chubby and yummy.” insider of the festival committee. “They are Chairman Ham Seung-ju of the festival Trout tend to nibble more lightly or aggressively depending on the weather and time of day. From 10 to 11 in the morning, the trout tend to in the afternoon.
committee says the trout raised in Pyeongchang have a strong umami taste, and there are sets of equipment tourists can use to eat trout, raw or broiled, on the spot.
bite rather hard, but the best time is from 2 to 3 Ice fishing isn’t the only activity at the
way, which the festival committee recommends, is to troll. You may buy a troll fishing kit at any store that sells fishing equipment
So, just how does one catch trout? The easiest
festival. One thing that really makes you feel
the winter intensely is catching trout with your bare hands. Speeding through the cold, fresh air is also extremely fun and memorable for the entire family, so come ice sledding, ice karting, one of those activities just sounds exciting, doesn’t it? ice biking, snow sledding, or snow rafting. Any
near Odaecheon Stream. For the skilled and
experienced, lure fishing is also recommended.
Ice Fishing for Trout
The Pyeongchang Trout Festival
The 6th Pyeongchang Trout Festival will run through half the winter on Odaecheon Stream: from December 22, 2012 to February 5, 2013. If you want to have a very cold, snowy, fun wintertime, then this global winter festival is for you.
by Lee Jeong-eun / materials provided by the Pyeongchang Trout Festival Committee
SCENIC SNOWSCAPE OF PYEONGCHANG Pyeongchang will be the host city of the
2018 Olympic Winter Games and is one of
Korea’s most famous cities for breathtaking
snow landscapes. Packs of tourists come every winter to Daegwallyeong Pass in the Taebaek other tourist attractions including cattle and Mountain Range for its snow festival and many sheep ranches and especially the fir forest which nestles Woljeongsa, an old temple believed to be built in 643. Within the vicinity of Odaecheon Stream
coldwater fish, trout is especially delicious in the winter. When filleted raw, its flesh looks clear and reddish like pine wood. Its Korean
rout live in clear freshwater with an average temperature between 7°C and 13°C. A
name songeo in fact was given for this reason as the syllable “song” signifies the pine tree. Every winter, Pyeongchang—a city famous for its
The Pyeongchang Trout Festival is visited by many foreign visitors each year.
are major ski resorts including Yongpyong,
Alpensia, and Bokwang Phoenix Park. Many foreign skiers from China, Russia, Southeast Asia, and other parts of the world come to
First-timers can easily catch one or two trouts among the thousands.
snow—throws a trout festival where you can go ice-fishing for trout and enjoy many other ice, snow, and folk activities. About 450,000 people
Pyeongchang for skiing. Some of them end up also enjoying the Pyeongchang Trout Festival, making the city a global village in the winter.
30 korea december 2012
NOw IN KOREA
Play Anytime Anywhere in Korea
of matches you can play is limited. At first, you might think this kind of game is only for kids, but not really. AniPang is addictive. People of once they try to play it. all ages get stuck on this simple-looking game Sundaytoz, a social game developer, rolled
One out of every ten smartphone users in Korea is an AniPang fanatic. This social game was an immediate hit with the Korean public when it was launched last September. Now, AniPang is a byword for successful social games. What explains the craze?
by Im Sang-beom / photographs by Moon Duck-gwan and courtesy of Sundaytoz
out AniPang this last September as a free
application. In 20 days, the number of people recorded one million, and now more than 20
who simultaneously connected to play the game million of the 30 million smartphone users in
Korea have downloaded the game application. It wouldn’t be an exaggeration to say that half of Korea is in an AniPang frenzy. Sundaytoz is on cloud nine, smiling at their insight that the smartphone platform business would increasing number of smartphone users, whose personal computers are now idle most of the time.
become the next jackpot and noting the rapidly
competition is a major success factor. In order to continue to play AniPang, you need hearts; in or receive one from a friend. This mechanism with other users whom they know. Your order to get a heart, you should invite a friend encourages users to continue to communicate friends, relatives, teachers, business associates, or anyone in the offline world becomes your counterparts to play an AniPang match in the to a sense of connectedness. Even people who themselves out once they get in on AniPang. The AniPang craze in Korea reveals the
1 AniPang, Korea’s No.1 match game. 2 AniPang is the hottest issue among Koreans.
Unlike typical mobile-based games, AniPang
CONNECTING WITH ANIPANG
is linked with KakaoTalk, a free text messaging
service on smartphones. KakaoTalk also created
smartphones from the moment they wake up in the morning till they fall asleep at night. They are all heavily engrossed in a mobile-based
owadays, the eyes and hands of many Koreans are almost glued to their
a stir in Korean society, pushing the three major communications service providers in Korea to lower their rates for text messaging. With
online world. Separation anxiety thus gives way didn’t previously to play games at all cannot get
KakaoTalk, you can send not only text messages, but also photos, videos, and audio files. You can even have a group chat—in text or voice. As of December 2011, the number of text messages
puzzle game called AniPang, which gave rise to the AniPang phenomenon in Korean society. AniPang is a matching game. You score when
sent via KakaoTalk per day reached one billion, or 690,000 per minute, whereas Facebook sees 695,000 status updates per minute across the
essence of social games. Cable TV broadcasters and department stores are now holding AniPang matches, and there’s no sign that
you bring at least three of the same animated characters together horizontally or vertically and thereby blow them away. The animal characters are Ani (rabbit), Nero (cat), Pinky There’s another character: Pang (bomb). The
entire world. “Ka-Talk hae,” (meaning, “Contact me via KakaoTalk”) has become an everyday means of expression among the Koreans. You can play AniPang with those who are
this addiction will fade away any time soon.
Whenever Pang (bomb) explodes with a “pow,” your stress flies away; when you compete with your Kakao Talk friend, you’re thrilled; and
(pig), Mongi (monkey), and Mickey (mouse). game is named after the key animal character Ani and the bomb character Pang (the sound “pang” in Korean is synonymous with “pow” in English). Your game money is indicated by
on your KakaoTalk friends list. If you want to
when you see your score go up, you delight like a child. Who wouldn’t want to have such fun? A second and third AniPang will appear to
play with a KakaoTalk friend, you just need to
send an invitation. You can compete with your the game currency, are good gifts for your friends. This friendship building disguised as
KakaoTalk friends in score rankings. The hearts,
cheer you up when you are mentally exhausted your smartphone to enjoy fun social games like AniPang anytime anywhere in this IT powerhouse of Korea.
in busy 21st-century Korea. All you need is only
the number of heart symbols. With one heart,
you can play one match, and the total number
32 korea december 2012
taekwondo studios were Chinese restaurants but soon found themselves shouting Korean expressions under heavy concentration, mesmerized by this mysterious martial art.
In 2010, it included a program to teach the values of the Olympic Games. This year, the camp took place in Seoul and Muju. Sheila Radziewicz, who earned her black belt in taekwondo despite having been born without arms, was invited to deliver a special lecture and was a tremendous inspiration to the children. The construction of a taekwondo institute
about attack. The martial art is also designed to cultivate the mind as well as train the
Taekwondo is more about defense and less
body. These noble aspects make taekwondo a children were in the past regularly sent to
A TAEKwONdO PERFORMANCE By BLACK BELT MASTERS
JUNBI STANCE Junbi Stance: “Get ready” in Korean. • Open your leg shoulder width apart. • Put your hands down in front of your belt. • Make tight fists in a downward motion in front of your belt. • When you go into junbi stance, say “Yes, sir!” KICKING STANCE • Your right foot steps back. • Put your hands up to protect your body. (Left hand protecting your face, right hand protecting your body.) • This stance gets you ready for kicking. HORSEBACK RIDING STANCE • Separate your legs. • Toes facing forward. • Bend your knees. • Put your hands on your waist in tight fist. • This stance gets you ready for punching.
dignified martial art. That is why most Korean taekwondo studios, and also why overseas, the trainees (and even their families) respectfully called their taekwondo instructors “master.” Taekwondo became a sport for the entire global village when it was made an official
is under way in Muju. Once will be open to people from
completed in 2013, the institute around the world who want research on the martial art. been a martial art for all.
to learn taekwondo or conduct Taekwondo has for years
Olympic sport at the 2000 Summer Olympic
Games in Sydney. With the new scoring system and electronic protectors adopted at the 2012 even more thrilling to watch. London Olympics, taekwondo matches are now
Whether you are Korean or not, young or old, the moment you put on the white taekwondo uniform, you become a taekwondoin (taekwondo
BE AT ONE IN TAEKWONDO EVENTS
Korea hosts matches and events for taekwondo practitioners worldwide. Tournaments where superb athletes compete and strut their stuff
practitioner) and are at one with other taekwondoin with upright posture, precise movements, powerful energy, fast reflexes, and a respectful attitude. You will grow with taekwondo, and taekwondo will spread further with you worldwide.
In cooperation with the Organizing Committee of the Gyeongju Korea Open International Taekwondo Championships and Takwondo Promotion Foundation
Taekwondo Around the World
Taekwondo has become the world’s most practiced martial art since becoming an Olympic event in 2000. Let’s look at why taekwondo is so avidly pursued today.
by Im Sang-beom
are great opportunities for people from around the globe to become one with each other. The most authoritative competition is the World Taekwondo Championships by the World
Taekwondo Federation, founded in 1973. Since
then, the championships have been taking place biannually all around the world in places such and Spain. It is likely that Mexico will host the championships next year. as the United States, China, Canada, Germany,
from kimchi to K-pop songs including PSY’s “Gangnam Style” and Korean TV dramas.
ore and more people around the world
are falling in love with all things Korean,
the leaders of the six studios were masters in such martial arts as taekkyeon, taegeukgwon, subak, kung fu, and karate. In the process of of taekwondo took shape.
For the last six days of October 25, 2,190 athletes representing 293 teams from 43 countries competed in the seventh Gyeongju Korea Open International Taekwondo Championships. The championships were especially meaningful
There was a major competition this year, too.
This worldwide surge in popularity of Korean culture is often termed Hallyu (Korean wave), and at the root of Hallyu is taekwondo. A time-honored traditional martial art
their exchange and research, the modern form Taekwondo techniques are broadly divided
of Korea, taekwondo is believed to have
assumed its present form in the years after According to experts, there were six major
(blocking)—and powerful foot techniques— bandal chagi (crescent kick), to name a few.
jjireugi (thrusting), chigi (striking), and makgi
into hand techniques—jireugi (punching),
because the host city was Gyeongju, the ancient capital of the Silla Kingdom (57 BCE – 935 CE), strewn with historic sites and monuments.
Korea’s liberation from Japanese colonial rule.
Taekwondo performance in Times Square New York
ap chagi (front kick), yeop chagi (side kick), and It was in the early 1960s that taekwondo was
Taekwondo Promotion Foundation, children learn about Korean culture and taekwondo.
At the World Youth Taekwondo Camp by the
martial arts studios following liberation, and
introduced overseas. People at first thought
34 korea december 2012
Setting Sights on New Heights
“Gangnam Style” with slightly different lyrics, racked up more than 100 million views within 69 days of its launch on YouTube.
ten million YouTube views in the shortest period of any Korean music video. The media has also noted her potential for becoming a global star. In its report on the release of HyunA’s “Ice
“Ice Cream,” her latest music video, garnered
1 HyunA, featured in PSY’s “Gangnam Style” music video, is stepping up to become the next world star with her latest song and music video. 2 France’s iTunes introduced songs by popular singers in the 1990s such as Shin Seung-hun and Kim Gun-mo. 3 Kim Junsu is the first korean to go on a world tour as a solo singer.
The global sensation caused by PSY’s “Gangnam Style” has pushed K-pop into the next phase of its evolution. The worldwide success of PSY has spurred K-pop stars to reach new heights by unleashing their inimitable creativity and individuality. Let’s meet some Korean singers who are ready to ride the new wave of K-pop. by Yang In-sil
Cream,” UK daily The Guardian said, “In fact, if anyone could follow PSY's success, it would be Popjustice introduced HyunA’s “Ice Cream” 4Minute's very own HyunA.” The music website along with music videos by global stars such THE FUTURE OF K-POP
Ever since singers from leading
Korean entertainment agency SM
as Justin Bieber. After the news of her eminent
Entertainment performed in Paris in
comeback, MTV Russia showed great interest in her performance and dubbed her one of Korea’s sexiest stars. This past August, Kim Junsu (aka Xia Junsu),
June 2011, Korean boy and girl bands, concerts across the globe, spawning news and stories and fueling the K-pop Hallyu (or the K-pop
often dubbed “idol groups,” have had
ho on earth is that girl?”
a member of boy group JYJ, had a successful concert as a solo singer in the Hammerstein
string of comments under PSY’s “Gangnam Style” video on YouTube, which has been
That is a typical remark in the long
wave). About a year after the Paris
Ballroom in New York. The concert was a
performance, K-pop gained tremendous new iTunes Charts in almost all countries where
meaningful step for Xia Junsu himself and also for all K-pop singers, who have been seeking to break out into the global market. Last May, Xia Junsu released his first single
momentum thanks to PSY’s “Gangnam Style.” iTunes has a presence—in the United States, Canada, France, and the United Kingdom— simultaneously launched a new category for
shaking the world for weeks and weeks with its signature “horse-riding dance.” Featured in the viral hit video along with other Korean stars is HyunA, who dances sensuously in the video
album, Tarantallegra, and set out on a world tour. Including the first concert of the tour in Seoul, Xia Junsu has put on a series of concerts in 11 cities in Thailand, Taiwan, Indonesia, China
while flashing a never-fading smile on her cute face, leaving a strong impression in the minds of viewers worldwide. The lead singer of girl
K-pop, probably because the “Gangnam Style” fever had been stirring up such great interest in popular Korean songs. K-pop songs from 20 years ago are also
PSy MAKES yOUTUBE HISTORy
PSY’s “Gangnam Style” viral song suppressed “Baby” as the most viewed video of all time on YouTube. As of November 24 6:50 pm, PYS’s “Gangnam Style” music video recorded 803,695,387 views topping Justin Bieber’s “Baby” of 803,442,177 views. It took only three months for “Gangnam Style” to break the record that “Baby” took to set for three years. Even now, the number of views for “Gangnam Style” is still increasing and it seems that it will be a matter of time before it hits 900 million views.
group 4Minute, which was taking a break, she PSY. In her video for “Oppan Ttak Nae Style”
(Shanghai and Hong Kong), the United States
is now seen as a viable candidate for the second (lit. “Oppa, You’re Just My Style”), a variation of
(New York), Mexico, and other countries so far. The world tour will finish with a concert at the
drawing interest overseas. Lists of “K-pop Classics” are being announced by foreign websites, which include songs by Korean
Some 55,000 fans have packed his concert venues. Turbinenhalle in Oberhausen, Germany, making Xia Junsu the first Asian singer to ever perform there. The album Tarantallegra (and the song, too)
singers who were popular in the 1990s such as Shin Seung-hun, Kim Gun-mo, Kim Bum-soo, and DJ Doc.
has been well received. Before its release,
K-pop worldwide to an unprecedented degree, but it should also be noted that before him were such groups as Wonder Girls and Girls’
It is true that PSY is fueling the popularity of
the album was at the top of Tower Records’ pre-order list, and after its release it soon topped Japan’s iTunes pop album chart (May), Germany’s Asian Music Chart (July), and Chile’s Etc…TV Pop Chart (July). It was also
Generation, who cleared the way for Korean pop music in the global market. What now matters most is helping new artists to reach for their dreams and venture out into the world with
ranked tenth on the Billboard World Album
Chart (June). The leading K-pop news source
their inimitable creativity and individuality.
Kpopstarz.com recently dubbed Tarantallegra the best K-pop song of 2012.
They will shape the future of K-pop to entertain and move everyone’s hearts, including yours.
36 korea december 2012
with an e-government platform. The United in 2002, and the United Kingdom, Japan,
States already enacted an e-government law and Switzerland have implemented electronic voting systems. But no other country uses In 2002, import-export procedures, which were streamlined into a one-stop service system. As a result, import-export cargo average of 9.6 days to 3.6 days. e-government more effectively than Korea. were previously overseen by multiple agencies,
country’s IT solutions and e-government system. MOPAS also agreed to assist in setting up
the Flood Prevention Warning System in the mountainous regions of Mindanao Island, Philippines, which suffered the brunt of
devastation by Tropical Storm Washi last year.
was first promoted, exports of the e-government system totaled USD 100,000. Just ten years later, the annual export volume was as much as USD 240 million. The government expects annual exports to reach USD 300 million this year.
1 MOPAS is initiating smart e-government solutions and various online services to increase work efficiency. 2 Korea hosted the Global e-Government Forum 2012.
Back in 2002, when the e-government system
processing time has been shortened from an Over years, South Korea’s e-government has
been evaluated as one of the world’s best by
organizations worldwide, and its effectiveness is widely acknowledged by the international Korea has ranked first in the e-Government Development Index of the UN Global
community. For the second consecutive year,
e-Government Survey 2012 of 193 countries, and it is on record for having achieved the greatest e-government development. SOUTH KOREA’S
An increasing number of countries have its technology and obtain expertise in
South Korea leads Global Trend for e-Government System
An IT powerhouse, South Korea is also setting the standard for e-government. Find out how countries throughout the world are adopting it to make paying taxes more convenient for everyone. by Chung Da-young
been knocking on Korea’s door to import e-government. The E-Indonesia network in
Java, Sumatra, and Bali, e-government training in Thailand, online registries in Kazakhstan, cooperation committees with India’s Union Government, and elaborate e-government
plans for regional governments in Russia are some of the recent projects based on South Korea’s e-government solution.
ith the click of a mouse, the residents
for their parking tickets and check for any
of Songpa-gu, Seoul can pay the fines
offices in person. The Internet Tax Payment
System also allows citizens to track and pay their regional taxes or parking fines online, without having to visit a bank. Most district and regional offices throughout the country now provide digital administrative services for their residents. EFFECTIVE
Administration and Security (MOPAS), visited the Philippines last month to sign an MOU and Technology and provide assistance in Center in Manila. with the Philippines’ Department of Science constructing the Government Integrated Data The signing of the MOU took place in
Maeng Hyung-kyu, Minister of Public
outstanding taxes. They can request and print a copy of their residence registration, take part in various administrative surveys, and receive the latest local news. The Songpa-gu Office has developed its
Internet civil application issuance system to
Korea’s e-government system is being adopted by many countries.
facilitate the administrative tasks and eliminate the inconvenience of having to visit public
accordance with a request from the government of the Philippines for stronger governmental relations with South Korea to develop the
Of course, South Korea is not the only country
38 korea december 2012
willingness to provide intensive support
in sectors in which Korea is strong such as
information and communications technology to improve connectivity among ASEAN countries. ASEAN-Korea Forest Cooperation which took effect this year and agreed to strengthen their cooperation in green growth and climate They also welcomed the agreement on the
change countermeasures through the activities
South Korean Leader Visits Cambodia for Regional Cooperation Summits
President Lee Myung-bak visited Cambodia to meet with the leaders of ASEAN, China, Japan, Russian and the US to chart future cooperation. by Chung Da-young
of the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) and the Green Climate Fund (GCF). President Lee also attended the ASEAN+3
Summit that was held later on to discuss cooperation in the future. Leaders from
measures and actions to further enhance the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN) as well as Korea, Japan, and China crisis, and economic integration, expressing
exchanged views on food security, the financial their will to forge closer ties during the summit.
outh Korean President Lee Myung-bak
a trio of annual meetings: a summit with the ten member nations of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN); a meeting between
visited Cambodia on November 18 to attend
their accomplishments from the last five years Free Trade Agreement (FTA), establishment of the Korea-ASEAN center, and hosting of
including the completion of the Korea-ASEAN
made since the establishment of the ASEAN+3 Summit in 1997, taking note of its role in expanding cooperation in all spheres, and education. The leaders agreed to
The national leaders reviewed the progress
ASEAN and South Korea, China and Japan; and The President first attended the 15th Korea-
the Korea-ASEAN commemorative summit in
in particular finance, culture, agriculture, work together to address the complicated
a meeting of the East Asia Summit (EAS) forum. ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asia Nations) Summit held at the Peace Palace in Phnom by the leaders of the ten member states of Penh, Cambodia on November 19. Also joined ASEAN, he reviewed the status of cooperation between Korea and ASEAN countries and
Leaders of 13 nations join hands during the opening of the ASEAN+3 Summit.
2009 as well as the establishment of a strategic led by the “New Asia Diplomacy Plan” of the the establishment of the Korean Mission to
partnership between Korea and ASEAN in 2010, Korean government. In addition, they welcomed ASEAN in September, promising to strengthen The president confirmed that Korea will
international and regional challenges they cooperation mechanism.
face, making full use of the well-established On the last day of his visit, the Korean
are committed to "achieve a modern,
The declaration said the participants
comprehensive, high-quality and mutually establishing an open trade and investment environment in the region to facilitate the
beneficial economic partnership agreement
actual cooperation between Korea and ASEAN. expand its development assistance to ASEAN for the common prosperity of Korea and ASEAN, especially reinforcing its support in the Mekong area. He also announced the country’s
president also took part in the 7th East Asia
Summit (EAS), an 18-nation forum involving the 10 ASEAN nations plus six dialogue partners issued to declare the launch of negotiations to forge what is dubbed the "Regional of the Asia-Pacific region. A joint statement was
expansion of regional trade and investment."
1 President Lee Myungbak (right) meets with Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung on the sidelines of the Summit. 2 President Lee sits at the ASEAN+3 Summit tables with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda.
exchanged thoughts on the direction for future cooperation. The president and the ten leaders evaluated
economic integration in the EAS region should
President Lee said during the summit that
aim for "open regionalism" and lead ultimately Pacific region together.
Comprehensive Economic Partnership" or RCEP.
to an economic community that bonds the Asia-
40 korea december 2012
A New Home for the Korean Government
by Yang In-sil
Last September 14, the office of the South Korean Prime Minister moved from Seoul to Sejong, and other central government agencies and national research institutes will soon follow suit to make Sejong the administrative heart of Korea—its second capital—by 2014.
office of the South Korean Prime Minister from
he era of Sejong City was ushered in last September 14 with the relocation of the
new heart of the administration of the Republic of Korea both in name and substance. It is not government but also an indication of a more only a change of address for the South Korean balanced development model of the country in the future as well as a shift of administrative power from Seoul to the geographical center of
Dubbed the Multifunctional Administrative City or Happy City, Sejong will be home to 36 government agencies including the Office commissions, which account for 10,452 jobs phase relocation plan by 2014. The city will
Seoul to Sejong, ten years after former President an administrative capital. The moving of the
Roh Moo-hyun pledged in 2002 to establish such six departments under the Office of the Prime of 36 central administrative agencies and 16
The Office of the Prime Minister in Sejong City
of the Prime Minister, 11 ministries, and two in total. They will all be in place by a threealso become a national research hub with 16 Development Institute (KDI) and the Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements
Minister is the first step in a gradual relocation national research institutes. When the relocation is completed in 2014, Sejong will become the
the country and beyond. It is also expected that the relocation will facilitate the diffusion of the national population, of which about one-fifth lives in Seoul.
national research institutes including the Korea last April, and the office is already bustling with 119 people. The buildings for those organizations that
Government departments have started to move into Sejong City. Employees of the Ministry of Land, Transport Maritime Affairs are settling into their new office in the Government Complex Sejong.
(KRIHS), which employ 3,353 people combined. 2012, covers 12 organizations (including the The first phase of the relocation, slated for
will find a new home in Sejong are expected to be ready for inspection by the 15th of this month and to open the day after Christmas
Office of the Prime Minister, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs) as well as their 4,139 employees. In 2013, the Ministry of Education, Science
In cooperation with the Multifunctional Administrative City Construction Agency
Strategy and Finance, the Ministry for Food,
for thousands of civil servants relocating from Seoul. The buildings to house the government agencies in the second relocation phase including the Ministry of Education, Science
and Technology, the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, and 16 other organizations with a total of 4,116 civil servants will have a new
and Technology and the Ministry of Culture, about 28 percent complete. Groundbreaking for the third-phase buildings took place in September, and excavation and other
Sports and Tourism are under construction and
address in the second phase of the relocation will welcome 16 national research institutes with 2,197 research personnel as well as six
plan. Finally in 2014, the Happy City of Sejong
foundational works are underway to be ready
for the Ministry of Government Legislation, the Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission, is slated for 2014. and the other organizations for which relocation
government agencies including the Ministry Patriots and Veterans Affairs.
of Government Legislation and the Ministry of The total relocation budget is a whopping
KRW 22.5 trillion, of which KRW 9.26 trillion, or 41.2 percent, had been executed by the end of this past October. The construction of the Office of the Prime Minister was completed
LIFE IN SEJONG
Sejong will be accessible from major cities of Korea by 13 intercity roads that connect to high-speed KTX railways and expressways.
42 korea december 2012
Last March, a road linking Sejong to Daejeon
and Yuseong opened, which was followed by Osong Station, from which people can easily access the subway of Daejeon by a bus rapid transit (BRT) system. Bike lanes with a combined length of 354
in fact, pushed MACCA into the happy worry of having to build more such schools. A “U-school” has a ubiquitous educational
the opening of a road running from Sejong to
environment provided by wireless Internet
access that allows the teachers and students to are in the school. There are about 600 students per school and only 24 students per class, which is within the range of the OECD average of 20 to 25.
teach and learn using smart pads wherever they
kilometers will also be constructed. Alongside and between the Cheonmaeul complexes and the government complex, some 39 kilometers August this year. of bike lanes came into use around the end of
general roads, around the government complex,
past ten years to build Sejong as a happy city hand may still have felt overwhelming when ground was broken for the city back in July
For those who have worked so hard these
for the country and for its citizens, the task at
FUTURE OF SEJONG
Sejong is a planned city intended to facilitate national competitiveness. In order to grow,
the balanced growth of the country and raise helping its citizens settle and enjoy a high quality of life is important. One of the most critical factors for Sejong to live up to its moniker, the To that end, MACCA plans to construct more than 150 schools by 2030. There are already six schools in Cheonmaeul Village. What is unique to the schools in Sejong is so-called
2007, but their hopes must have been renewed residents last winter, followed by the formal
when Cheonmaeul Complex I received its first establishment of Sejong Special Self-Governing
City on July 1 and the initiation of the relocation of government agencies on September 14. Sejong is taking shape gradually as a model city to lead the country’s balanced growth. “We have a dream,” says an insider at
Happy City, is accessibility to quality education.
MACCA. “It’s to grow Sejong as a model city for all the world, not only to meet the goals of its more balanced manner.” construction of helping the country grow in a
“U-schooling.” This was covered heavily by the
domestic and foreign media. Rising demand has,
New roads and facilities, such as this bike lane, are built to facilitate the lives of government officials and residents.
Garaetteok & Jocheong
of different types of tteok, garaetteok can be transformed into many different dishes ranging from soups to desserts. Garaetteok is a long white cylindrical tteok made only from rice powder. During the cold winter, Tteok, or rice cake, can be cooked as a meal or dessert and enjoyed all year round. Among the hundreds Koreans roast the white garaetteok over fire to enjoy the soft inside and the crispy slightly charred surface.
Jocheong is made with steamed rice that is fermented and boiled for a long time. The cooked starch turns into a sweet syrup that is used as a condiment for cooking or hardened to make taffy-like sweets. Hot crispy garaetteok dipped in sweet jocheong is the perfect snack for a cold winter night.
Roasted garaetteok wouldn’t be complete without a small dish of traditional starch syrup called jocheong.
by Chung Da-young / photographs by Lee Jin-ha / food & styling by Kim Young-bin
44 korea december 2012
Curing Every Indisposition with Needles and Incense
Imagine curing a sprained ankle, indigestion, or weight problems with only a few needles and herbal incense stuck to your body. Impossible you say? Susan Tiffin tells her amazing experience at the Oriental clinic that has turned her into a true aficionado of Oriental treatments. by Susan Tiffin / illustrations by Cho Seong-heum
has experienced something great here and can’t
n my past seven years in Korea, I’ve become
one of those people. You know, the kind who
help but bring it up into every conversation they have with any particular person - even strangers, if need be. For some people, it’s hiking (“Oh, you absolutely MUST go to Jirisan!”). For
some people, it’s food (“You’re hungover? You transportation system (“It’s so easy to just go to the bus station, buy a cheap ticket and see where it takes you. Do it!”) For me, it’s the have to try haejangguk!”). For others, it’s the
experience of having thin, solid needles tapped into the skin for any reason under the sun. Ever since my first positive treatment at an
Oriental clinic here, I can’t help but recommend acupuncture to anyone complaining of any health issue they might be experiencing. I’ve recommended it to people with sore muscles, to people with skin problems,
to people with poor immune systems, to
people with insomnia, and to people with
headaches. Clearly I hang out with a group of very sick people, and it only makes sense to get them healthy so that their company is more acupuncture? It works! (between the acupuncture and me, not between my coworker and myself, even though she was a very lovely lady).
enjoyable. Besides, how could I not recommend
FIRST ACUPUNCTURE ExPERIENCE A few nights before I went to the Oriental clinic for the first time, I was at my Hapkido class trying to act as though I had any athletic ability whatsoever. It was my turn to do a simple front roll, but my clumsiness won that night and My first experience with it was in 2007.
cost. I had been to a Chinese medicine doctor back home in Canada but had never needed
Of course I was initially concerned about the
acupuncture before and assumed that it would be expensive. Thankfully, there’s a reason why there are so many of ‘those people’ who declare their love for the cost of Korean healthcare, and the incredibly affordable prices that allow us to get 300 pills for a cold for under four dollars as well. My initial visit with a doctor - which included consultation and treatment - would
I landed incorrectly jarring my leg bone through my body and into my teeth bone - that’s what it felt like, anyway. For days I struggled with the pain in my leg and limped to and from
apply to most experiences at the Oriental clinic
classes, hoping the injury would fade with time. When - after heat packs and cold packs and massages and stretches - the pain didn’t fade,
end up costing about the same as two pints of I hobbled into the closest Oriental clinic
beer and made me feel about as good. Bargain! I could find simply by following my nose. Many expatriates here have noticed the strong smell
a coworker suggested that I go for acupuncture treatment to ease it. And so, a love was formed
46 korea november 2012
How is the weather these day? In winter in Korea, it gets very cold with temperatures dropping under zero at times. It normally snows quite a bit. Do you know weather expressions in Korean? Let’s talk about the weather in Korean.
A: 나오코 씨, 창 밖 좀 보세요.
of herbs on the speak of. He put a heat lamp over my leg, set a
B: 와, 눈이 와요.
clinics, so it’s easy one. I lived in a enough to find
streets by Oriental
timer, left the room, and I didn’t see him again sit still for ten minutes, and then I grasped the
Naoko, look out the window. naoko ssi, chang bak jom boseyo.
A: 정말 많이 오는데요.
Wow, it’s snowing. wa, nuni wayo.
that day. Meanwhile, I waited. It was difficult to concept of relaxation and allowed myself to let
It’s snowing a lot.
B: 눈이 쌓이면 길이 막히겠어요.
similar to my own ability in Korean at the
only very basic English - which was
time and my doctor spoke
rural area at the
go. Later when the timer rang, it definitely woke me out of a dazed nap that I rather appreciated. A nurse removed each needle, wiped the spots with an antiseptic pad and led me to a sort of warm waterbed that bubbled underneath me and helped massage my muscles to get my circulation going. It seriously felt like I was
I think the snow will pile up fast. jeongmal mani oneundeyo. nuni ssaigesseoyo.
If the snow piles up, there is going to be heavy traffic. nuni ssaimyeon giri makigesseoyo.
my leg was hurting and that I couldn’t put
It seemed relatively easy to explain that
much pressure on it. Immediately, the doctor that perhaps my pronunciation of the word ‘pain’ was totally off and had sounded like
grabbed my wrist to check my pulse. I thought
at a spa without having to pay the price of a without limping for the first time in days. AFICIONADO OF
spa. Happily after that treatment, I could walk
something that would require the doctor to be that pulse diagnosis in Oriental medicine is
concerned about my heartbeat, but then realized common regardless of the health issue one is
Since that first experience, I’ve been to an
experiencing. Needless to say, I was surprised
Oriental clinic for numerous reasons ranging
when he then asked to check my tongue (and at
from pain to mild sickness to stress. Now, I’m
least mildly embarrassed that I had indulged in to pulse diagnosis, tongue diagnosis can show plan treatment. Knowing that made me all the all the more likely to watch what I ate before I visited my doctor.
even going to the clinic for moxibustion – a type of therapy involving burning incense stuck on the toe that can help in numerous situations and will hopefully turn my breech baby. Everything about the last sentence might seem completely bizarre, but I had absolute faith the moment the incense was lit and my baby started rolling and kicking. “The baby’s really moving!” I said to to the therapy. “Yep,” he said calmly and knowingly. “That’ll happen.”
-겠‘-겠-’ is used to construct the future tense and indicates conjecture, a person’s intention, or possibility. This suffix is used with a verb stem to express the assumption or supposition based on the situation or the state at moment of speaking.
눈이 쌓이겠다 nuni ssaigetta 눈이 오다 nuni oda 눈이 쌓이다 nuni ssaida
비가 오겠다 biga ogetta 구름이 끼다 gureumi kkida 비가 오다 biga oda
enjoying a blue lollipop earlier that day). Similar clues to a person’s condition and help the doctor more curious about the art of acupuncture, and
추워지겠다 chuwojigetta 바람이 불다 barami bulda 추워지다 chuwojida
knew what was going on, he led me into a room
ABOUT THE wRITER
Susan Tiffin is a Canadian who moved to Korea for “one or two years” in 2006 and has yet to return home. She loves to pet and feed treats to her husband and take long walks next to the river with her dog, Jjigae, a three-year-old Jindo. Soon she’ll be adding a newborn to her life, at which point she’ll be grateful to reacquaint herself with her good friend, Hite.
When the doctor was fully satisfied that he
my doctor, surprised by the immediate reaction
full of small curtained booths in the back of
the office and picked up the needles. I hadn’t having small pins hammered into my body,
been afraid of the pain that might come from and didn’t really have much time to think about it as he found specific points on my feet and hands to tap the needles into. Although there
methods of acupuncture or the effectiveness of the treatment. So, when I encounter someone who’s still skeptical or fearful of a visit to the Oriental clinic and can’t rid themselves of a
Nothing surprises me anymore about the
-(으)면 ‘-(으)면’ indicates the condition for the following sentence similar to ‘if’ in English. ‘-으면’ is attached to the verb and adjective stem ending in a consonant, and ‘-면’ is attached to the stem ending in a vowel and ‘ㄹ’.
<보기>를 보고 다음과 같이 대화해봅시다. A: 준수 씨, 창 밖 좀 보세요. B: 와, 눈이 많이 와요. A: 정말 많이 오는데요. 눈이 쌓이겠어요. B: 눈이 쌓이면 길이 막히겠어요
chronic problem, I’m definitely that person who tries to convince them otherwise. I’ve got an back me up. ache-free body and an active baby as proof to
<보기> 눈이 오다→눈이 쌓이다→길이 막히다
was a small point of pain with the entrance of
each needle, there was very little discomfort to
48 korea december 2012
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