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FEATURES Arboretum, page 6

Friday October 5, 2012

The Western Front


Winner of five 2011 SPJ awards

SPORTS Turning FEATURES negative into Tattoos, positive, page 8 page 10

Local foods City creates shared road on Indian limited on campus

Volume 161 Issue 3

By Annika Wolters Engrained, a caf that has made a commitment to promote local and sustainable food, has been replaced on campus by Subway, a fast-food restaurant with more than 25,000 locations nationwide. Since it was replaced this year, some selections from the Engrained menu have been added to the Viking Union caf offerings, said Stephen Wadsworth, resident district manager of Aramark, Western's food service company.
Engrained's food sources are always within a

Is reality what it seems? Western's Department of Philosophy will host a free lecture on Oct. 10 in Arntzen 100 called "How Do You Know You're Not a Brain in a Vat?" The lecture will cover questions regarding perception vs. reality. Western communications blacks out for more than two hours. A cut fiber line on Thursday at 12:40 p.m. eliminated service to all telephone landlines on campus. All service was restored by 3:15 p.m.

11 years in Afghanistan
A bicyclist shares the road with traffic Thursday on Garden Street. Newly reconstructed roads now have shared bike lanes. Photo by Rachel Howland
Oct. 7, 2001 - Oct. 7, 2012

By Roseanne Laan Bellingham implemented its first shared-lane," sometimes referred to as sharrows, for bicyclists and motorists last month on the north-bound lane of Indian Street near Western. The lane is marked with a bicycle symbol and two half arrows to indicate the safest location for bicyclists to ride, and to remind bicyclists and motorists that they share the road. The new shared lane starts on the

150-mile radius
of its location

We continue to look for opportunities to increase our local, sustainable and organic purchasing, Wadsworth said. Engrained is a part of Aramarks Green Thread, a program put in place to reduce the environmental impact of the companys food production. Included in this program is a commitment to only use foods grown within a 150-mile radius of the stores location and to divert food waste from landfills. Because the chains here on campus are national franchises, Dining Services has zero influence on the ingredients they use, said Lindsey Juen, sustainability intern for Dining Services. Gigi Berardi, professor of food and agriculture at Huxley College, expressed doubt that any big chain restaurants would protect farm productions and local food traditions. I think cooking at home and shopping for your own food is the only way to do that, she said. It could be that certain elements are sustainable, according to their criteria. Seth Vidaa, campus sustainability manager, said there are no official criteria for sustainability for oncampus restaurants. Wadsworth said Aramark works to provide locally grown seasonal produce in Westerns dining halls.
SEE

northbound lane of Indian Street and continues to Chestnut Street. The lane was put in after Washington States Department of Transportation invited the city of Bellingham to apply for grant funds to address safety issues for pedestrians and bicyclists, said Kim Brown, Transportation Options Coordinator for the city of Bellingham. Indian Street was picked due to
SEE

LANES, PAGE 3

WWU students develop Whatcom sports show


By Lydia Love Whatcom Sports Report, a new sports show covering community, university and high school sports in the Whatcom County area, will premier online at 7 p.m. on Tuesday, Oct. 9. The show is produced by the Center for New Media, a Bellingham organization that pulls professionals, students and volunteers from the community to explore new media ideas, create programs and educate in media literacy, said the executive director at Center for New Media, Suzanne Blais. Emily Petterson, a Western student and producer of the Whatcom Sports Report, said this show will bring sports fans together and give more exposure to the athletic programs on Westerns campus. Specifically for Western, were going to cover all the home games and do a review and a preview of what they should go watch, Petterson said. Whatcom Sports Report will feature game recaps, highlight footage, features on club sports, interviews with Western coaches and segments showing the personal side of athletes, she said. Petterson said she loves athletics and wanted a program showcasing sports in Whatcom County. She had the idea for a sport broadcast show and found collaborators that wanted the same thing, including Blais and Western student Femi Abebefe. The first show will be a recap of Westerns fall sports. It will show all the students coming back into town what has been going on, Petterson said. They plan on airing a recap of Western womens volleyball and men and womens soccer, as well as an exclusive interview with Brad
SEE

The Associated Students club Socialist Alternative will give a presentation on Oct. 9. Youth leader and organizer Sebastian Kugler speaks on the global economic crisis, capitalism, and the possibility of a democratic, socialist solution. Western Libraries to host Western Front Goes Digital: 110 Years of History on Oct. 9. The discussion, led by Peter Smith, the Special Collections librarian at Western, will be held at Village Books from noon to 1 p.m.

Canadian Thanksgiving coming Oct. 8. This national holiday is celebrated on the second Monday of October, and is meant to give thanks at the end of the harvest season.

FOOD, PAGE 3

SPORTS, PAGE 3

2 | News

Friday, October 5, 2012 | The Western Front

Cops Box
Bellingham Police
Oct. 2 Two police officers responded to a report that a female was chasing a male with a bat in the 2100 block of Woburn Street. Upon arriving, officers observed a female sitting alone in the living room. After talking with her, the officers determined she was the only occupant. Oct. 3 A man contacted police complaining that his neighbor in the 2600 block of Patton Street was pointing a video camera into the windows of his home.
Compiled by Olivia Henry

Commedia dell'arte masks, used by students from a two-week intensive acting class, rest on a table before a performance on Old Main Lawn, Thursday. Western senior Patrick Stagamen, a theater major, said Commedia dell'arte is a comedy performance also known as clowning. The group will perform again at 6 p.m. Friday on Old Main Lawn. Photo by Nick Gonzales.

Political Junkie talks environment


Interview by Haley Cross Riley Sweeney, a Western communication graduate and Bellingham-based political blogger, will be joined by Whatcom Councilwoman Kathy Kershner to present Environmental Concerns and the Political Process as part of Huxley's speaker series. The talk will be 3 p.m. on Friday, in CF 125. Do you think theres enough priority or money being placed on environmental issues? I dont think the issue is money being spent. I think the issue is what is the cost of not spending it. Because when we dont spend the money to protect our drinking water or our clean air or insuring we have transportation that doesnt pollute our environment, then there are some real costs that we have to pay. Its more a matter of "we can ignore this issue and not fund it right now," but the cost becomes catastrophically more later on. I think its always easier for politicians to kick the can down the road. Its always easier to "say somebody else will worry about it later." I think that is a hazardous way of thinking that has led us into so many problems before. I really hope our leaders continue to recognize that weve got to tackle these issues today before they become catastrophic tomorrow. How does it feel to be speaking at the university you graduated from in 2008? It gives me a lot of pride and Im really proud of Western and the academic excellence they embody. Its part of the reason why Im really proud to work here as well. You have a blog called The Political Junkie. Why are you blogging and what are you blogging about at the moment? My blog came out of my time as a campaign worker when my friends would ask me what was going on in the political world. I would write them little emails and notes, finally they said, "you know, what you should just do this on a regular basis." So, thats what I do. Is there anything else youd like to say that I havent talked about? Theres an essential point that Im going to try to make tomorrow, that environmentalists need to reexamine how they interact with the political system because theyre right, but the way they go

Western Front
The
Western Washington University Communications Facility 222 Bellingham, WA 98225
Editor-in-Chief Sarah Aitchison Managing Editor James Kozanitis News Editors Mike Lydon Daniel Pickard Features Editors Ana Karen Perez Guzman Brooke Warren Sports Editor Alex Bigelow Opinion Editor Joella Ortega Photo Editor Laura Going Online Editor Mike Gore Copy Editors Jules Guay-Binion Taryn Knudsvig Jessica Pain Illustrator Annie Gaines Cartoonist Owen Whitcomb Editorial Department Newsroom: 360-650-3162 Communications Facility 222 Letters to the editor: westernfrontonline@gmail.com Press releases: wfpress.release@gmail.com Faculty Adviser Jack Keith, Jack.Keith@wwu.edu Advertising Department 360-650-3160 Skip Gibson, advertising manager Alethea Macomber, business manager
The Western Front is published every Tuesday and Friday in the fall, winter and spring quarters, and once a week in the summer. The Western Front is the official newspaper of Western Washington University and is published by the Student Publications Council. It is mainly supported by advertising. Opinions and stories in the newspaper have no connection to advertising. News content is determined by student editors. Staff reporters are involved in a course in the department of journalism, but any student enrolled at Western may offer stories to the editors. Members of the Western community are entitled to a single free copy of each issue of The Western Front.

Riley Sweeney
about it is often wrong and I think thats part of the problem. They come in as Chicken Little saying the sky is falling and in all this theyre quite correct. However, thats not how you institute political change, you need to persuade people and you need to deal with the silly fearing of politics. Theres a lot of playful hoops you need to jump through and I dont think the environmental community has done a good job of doing it.

Full, unedited interview with Riley Sweeney at westernfrontonline.net

Corrections

The Western Front strives for accuracy and will correct errors of fact promptly and courteously. Please notify us of any factual errors at westernfrontonline@gmail.com.

westernfrontonline.net | Friday, October 5, 2012

News | 3

FOOD: Western committed to real food


healthy agricultural foods, including small-scale production and local food transitions, according to a press release. Along with the MOU agreement, Western also joined the Real Food Challenge in 2010. The Real Food Challenge encourages colleges and universities to set a goal to purchase 20 percent 'real food' by 2020, according to a press release. Real food is food that truly nourishes not only the consumer, but also the producers, the communities it comes from and is served in, and the earth, said Emma Brewster, Northwest regional coordinator for the Real Food Challenge. A food is automatically disqualified from being considered 'real food' if it contains high fructose corn syrup, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) or Monosodium Glutamate (MSG), Brewster said. Vidaa said that in the two years prior to the 2012 school year Western had improved its percentage of 'real food' on campus. Its difficult to say for sure, but most likely these places such as Panda Express, Subway and Starbucks would not count as real food, Brewster said.

QQ Li's faces declining sales


By Annika Wolters One local business on Vendor s Row has reported suffering significantly as a result of the addition of bigname chains to campus. QQ Lis Chinese Cuisine has lost one-third of its business on campus to Panda Express, owner QQ Li said, through an interpreter. Li said there has never been another Chinese restaurant on campus. She said she was extremely worried when she found out the week before classes started that Panda Express was opening a restaurant in the Viking Union. Our prices are still lower than Panda Express currently, Li said. We still hope that students will keep supporting small businesses.

Western freshmen Douglas Lawson (left) and Hady Coxen (right) enjoy Panda Express outside the Viking Union Thursday afternoon. Panda Express is just one of the new dining options available to students on campus this year. Photo by Austin Tyler Towe. CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

All milk and soft-serve ice cream is sourced through Edaleens Dairy right here in Whatcom County, Wadsworth said. Local partners of Aramark include The Bagelry, Tokyo House and the Community Food Co-op. Subway offers vegan, vegetarian and breakfast options, which students found particularly favorable, according to a survey conducted by Aramark. At the same time, some students feel as though Western could benefit

from businesses based closer to home. As a student, I would rather see local businesses over chains, such as Avenue Bread, sophomore Amber Vincent said. With so much good food in downtown Bellingham, its a waste. Western has made an effort to use more local food in the past. In 2009 Western signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Slow Food, a worldwide organization promoting enhanced food choices and local food traditions. This agreement represented Westerns commitment to provide

LANES: Mixed SPORTS: Sets sights on TV reaction from bikers


CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

safety issues and number of collisions, Brown said. This is a trial run for us, and the first sharedlane markings in the city of Bellingham, she said. They will keep bicyclists out of the way of parked cars. Even with shared-lane markings, bicyclists still have to obey the speed limit. A motorist is allowed to pass a bicyclist only when it is safe, and should allow up to three feet between them and the bicyclist. Westerns police have been notified of the updated street symbols, Brown said. Many major cities around the country have shared lanes for bicycles including Seattle and Portland, Brown said. Mariah Bergeson, 21, said she was unsure the new shared-lane markings would be effective in addressing the

problem of safety. Being that close to cars would be a little bit scary, Bergeson said. I know that cars wont slow down. I would rather just have the bike lane. Caitlin Kelln, 25, said the shared lane could be a good addition. I think [bicyclists] should follow the rules that cars do, and I think that might help to ensure that bikers do that, Kelln said. Wheelchair-accessible ramps and lighting at the intersections of East Maple, East Myrtle and East Ivy Street are also included in the project. The new overlay of asphalt came out of city funds, Brown said. There are currently no plans for additional shared lanes in Bellingham, but this coming year the city will create a bicycle master plan throughout the community, Brown said.

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

Jackson, Westerns former head basketball coach and current assistant basketball coach at the University of

Washington, Petterson said. After the episode goes up on the Center for New Medias website, the production team hopes it will be aired on KVOS-TV 12. The Whatcom Sports Report

Photo by Erin Nash Illustration by Annie Gaines

team has been working with the channel, which has an interest in picking up the show, Blais said. Petterson said they plan to have a new show air twice a week, once in the morning and once in the evening. She said even though the show hasnt aired yet, their efforts are already worth it because of what it can do for the Western community. Its not really about me, Petterson said. Its the start of something for Western, and when Im gone students can continue it, and it will be a catapult for broadcast journalism [at Western]. They plan to provide internships that Blais said will give students and volunteers the chance to experience broadcast journalism and cover Westerns varsity, club and community sports. Youre getting an internship youre actually going to do something with, Petterson said.

4 | News

Friday, October 5, 2012 | The Western Front

Westerns Debate Union critiques our candidates


By Kristen Stanovich Members of Westerns Debate Union watched intently as President Barack Obama and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney faced off Wednesday night in this elections first presidential debate of 2012. While Obama and Romney discussed their proposed economic goals, the Debate Union gathered with other students and the Director of Debate at Western, Associate Professor Steve Woods, to analyze and discuss each candidates debate style. In the presidential debate, both Obama and Romney were asked about topics ranging from the state of the economy to Medicare. Members of Westerns Debate Union had a difference in opinion about each candidates debate style. Western senior Wyatt Jarvis said the audience responded well to Obama after his jabs at Romneys political ideals such as Medicare. Western freshman Benjamin Crabill said that while he thought Obama won the majority of students over, he believed several were surprised at how well Romney represented himself in the debate. [Debate is] not necessarily the pursuit of truth, it really is playing a game, Woods said. How you play the game can matter as much [as] what subject matter you bring into it. Although the presidential debate followed similar guidelines to their own, Jarvis explained that competitive

10.3

Million Tweets

Most tweeted-about event in U.S. politics


Illustration by Annie Gaines

The Western Debate Union watches the presidential debate Wednesday at a viewing organized by the club in the Communication Facility. Photo by Rachel Howland.

debate practiced in Westerns club is more than just endorsing an argument. He said in a competitive debate, an argument only functions if you explain how its relevant to the debate and to the competitors argument. Despite the argumentative guidelines that frame a debate, candidates are capable of slip-ups. Stephen Moncrief, assistant debate coach and former member of Westerns Debate Union, said he believed the audiences will forgive some mishaps that take place in the heat of an argument, particularly when there is a time constraint in the presidential debate. Its difficult to get a real holistic view of what the policy proposals

are, he said. I wonder whether or not the audience really catches how many mistakes there actually are. Woods said while believability is not the most important or relevant aspect of debate, it allows students the ability to connect with the people they are trying to persuade. Woods, who has coached debate for 25 years, explained that in a debate setting candidates follow an argumentative guide, where they provides their claims and follow with evidence to support them. Jarvis said he continues to be drawn to the game practiced by the Debate Union at Western because of the opportunity for opinions to be heard.

Its one of the only opportunities youre going to have in your life where youre going to have four people just listening intently to every single word you have to say, Jarvis said. You get to creatively deploy arguments and express yourself. Moncrief said what he likes most about debating and coaching a debate team is appealing to the game of strategy as well as becoming well-versed on several issues. Resolutions or topics in a debate change in each round or segment allowing candidates to derive arguments from multiple sources of information. Moncrief said the ability to see arguments move around as a product of strategy is most rewarding when your claims win over an audience. Teaching speech and teaching debate as public education is a distinctly political choice in the part of a system, Woods said. Ultimately its practicing democracy as much as its practicing speech.

westernfrontonline.net | Friday, October 5, 2012

News | 5

Smoking ban could be addictive


By Nathan Dalla Santa The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced an initiative to ban smoking from college campuses last month. This is part of the HHS goal to create a society free of tobaccorelated disease and death, according to their action plan released by the HHS in 2010. Colleges who fail to enact campus-wide smoking bans and other tobacco-free policies may soon face the loss of grants and contracts from the HHS, according to the plan. Western receives grants through a subdivision of the HHS called the National Institutes of Health, Acting Vice Provost for Research Kathleen Kitto said. Smokers arent alone. Some non-smokers also are expressing their disapproval over the possibility of a smoking ban. They can have smoking areas," said sophomore Michelle Mauro, a non-smoker. "But I think the whole campus having a smoking ban is just a little extreme. Junior Marta Wambaugh, another nonsmoker, also disagrees with banning tobacco, favoring education and preventative policies instead. Im surprised it's anti-smoking and not just a well help you quit if you want to policy, which I think is a better way to go, Wambaugh said. People wont quit unless they want to. Such programs do exist. Western administration makes an effort to identify student tobacco use and provide education and support, especially for patients who go to the Student Health Center with respiratory complaints, SHC Director Emily Gibson wrote in an email. There are smokers who are sympathetic to the idea of a ban. I would be bothered by it but I would accept it, said senior Joe Savarese, who has been smoking for five years. I wouldnt want my own personal habit to inhibit anybody else. Many colleges across the nation are adopting smoking bans. There are now 814 campuses in the United States that have enacted a complete ban on smoking, according to the American Nonsmokers Rights Foundation. Smoking is still a problem on the WWU campus despite the current rules leaving buildings smoke-free, Gibson said. Simply walking through a crowd in between classes, one is assaulted by second-hand smoke from those who are using the break to get their nicotine fix.


They can have smoking areas, but I think the whole campus having a smoking ban is just a little extreme. Joe Savarese, Western senior
Western does not forbid smoking on campus, although the university discourages smoking throughout campus walkways with signs that read avoid smoking on walkways, paths, bus stops & when near others outdoors. Medical histories obtained by the Student Health Center show more than 20 percent of health center patients regularly smoke tobacco. Western policies are currently in compliance with all state and federal laws and the university is not at risk of losing funding, Kitto said. Students on Westerns campus have voiced concerns about the HHSs actions.

Western senior Dylan Spencer lights up a cigarette next to the Humanities Building Thursday afternoon. Spencer said he smokes half a pack a day; however, he supports a smoke free campus. Photo by Nick Gonzales.

It seems discriminatory against smokers, said junior Jonathan Stone, who has been a smoker for three years. For some, its a choice and for others its an addiction.

6|

Friday, October 5, 2012 | The Western Front

Featu

Story by Olivia Henry Photos by Austin Tyler Towe Illustrations by Annie Gaines Fog still clings to the tips of Douglas Firs as the mornings first foot traffic passes through the Sehome Arboretum. Sneakers and boots grind the fiery leaf litter into dust as the last wisps of vapor burn off in the morning sun. The 180-acre forest looms over Westerns campus. Not a mere pedestrian byway, the arboretum also hosts quarries and cougars, towers and trails. For those unfamiliar with this quick campus getaway, The Western Front has the low-down on whats up the hill. The Sehome Hill Arboretums must-see sights are almost all located on the paved Huntoon Trail. Evidence of Bellinghams turn-of-the-century heyday is carved into the very rock at the old quarry site, while the Observation Towers rugged coastal vistas offer a more timeless vision of Bellingham and the Pacific Northwest. Despite these charms, Western student Samantha Merrick said she often finds arboretum trails empty. Its extremely underutilized, she said. Merrick is one of four students who are maintaining the arboretum for independent study credit this quarter.

On campus, the arboretum can be accessed from any one of the many trailheads and stairs. Try the steps behind Miller Hall and the Communication Facility, as well as a trailhead behind Edens Hall. Main attractions can be found on the central Huntoon Trail. Lost? As an old arboretum expert, Western student Jason Davis has some simple advice: Just go downhill, Davis said. Its pretty hard to go very far in the arboretum without hitting a trail.

How to get there

1. DO condu Engebre 15 stude permits 2. DONT rid Bicycles Arboret bemoan vegetati jumps.

Dos

Freshman Jake Anderson relaxes on one of the new benches installed in the Sehome Arboretum just behind Fairhaven residence halls. The benches are the newest addition to a number of popular spots in the Arboretum

3. DO take a This sec Trail no 4. DONT g Small, u arboretu only ma trampli

Western Geology Professor David Engebretson, who is also the chair of the Sehome Hill Arboretum Board of Governors, advises the group of students. He also teaches Geology 417, Outdoor Science Learning Resources, which focuses exclusively on Sehome Hill. He became enamored with the arboretum 38 years ago as a student living in Buchanan Towers. Today Engebretson is almost totally blind, walking with the assistance of a guide dog named Sporty. His ear for birdsong, however, is undiminished. He admitted to knowing the individual calls of about 100 species of birds. Dont be modest! yelled Dylan Borden-Deal, a geology major who participates in the independent study group. He knows all of them. At the sound of a barking call from an upper trail, Engebretson turned his face to the foliage, pausing before making his pronouncement to the cluster of students. That was a person, he said, chuckling.

What to see

Though the 20th century boomtown of Bellingham was largely based on mining and export of coal , a different kind of extraction took place in what is now the arboretum. Looking up from the Outdoor Learning Center on the Huntoon Trail, one can see the exposed rock face where quarries once blasted and carved the 55 million-year-old sandstone from the hill, Engebretson said. Some of these blocks were used to build the foundation of the Normal School, now known as Old Main, Engebretson said. In the early 20th century, dynamite blasting in the quarry strayed a little too close to the newly established school. [The explosion] blew out 43 windows in Old Main! Engebretson said. Hand-chiseled out of soft sandstone in 1923, this fern-framed tunnel was built to allow cars to crest the hill. For Cascadian views or a quick canoodle, Sunday pleasure drivers used the route until it was closed to cars in the mid 1960s, according to a website created by Engebretson and his senior geology students .
Professor Dave Engebretson and his guide dog Sporty lead students up the trails of the Sehome Hill Arboretum. Engebretson is chair of the Board of Governors for the Sehome Arboretum, and avidly works alongside students to keep the public area clean and accessible to everyone.

1. The Old Quarry

2. The Tunnel

This wooden observation deck stands at the hills summit. Visitors can take in a commanding view of the city, county and country as the mountains extend to the Canadian border.

3. The Watchtower

tures

westernfrontonline.net | Friday, October 5, 2012

|7

Whether pounding the footpaths or finding a foothold on sugary sandstone climbs, outdoor enthusiasts flock to this natural playground. The arboretums low bluffs and outcrops of sandstone are perfect for bouldering, which is ropeless climbing low to the ground. Longtime climber Davis said the prime boulders are clustered in an area between the lower parking lot and the tunnel. He advised newcomers to bring a few friends and a thick safety mat, also known as a crash pad. Crash pads can be rented from the Outdoor Center. Davis also said Sehome climbers should check the forecast before a climb; sandstone is more prone to crumbling when wet. For proper-use and liability issues, Engebretson said the Board does not sanction climbing in the arboretum. Trailhead plaques direct visitors through roughly six miles of trail, much of it paved or loose crushed stone. Full loops are ideal for endurance runs, while the routes parallel to campus are better suited to brief excursions. In addition to the central Huntoon Trail, the Douglas Fir Trail is a less trafficked route through the heart of the forest. It can be accessed from the paved path across from Sehome High School or the dirt trail behind Fairhaven College, and terminates at the upper parking lot. Student Jenn Peach recommends using the arboretum trails for low-aerobic errands as well. She is one of several students maintaining the arboretums paths, staircases and common areas for independent study credit. I can get close to Haggen and other parts of campus without being near cars, Peach said.

Arboretum activities
1. Bouldering

uct a research project. etson estimated between 10 and ents per year apply for research in the Arboretum. de your bike on the trails. s are only permitted on tum Drive. Engebretson ned the destruction of trails and ion by illicit tires, trails and

s & donts

2. Aerobics

a study break in the Quiet Rocks area. cluded spot is on the Huntoon ot far from the Observation Tower.

go off-trail. unofficial footpaths crisscross the um, students are asked to use arked trails to prevent ing native plant populations.

Upper Sehome Hill

Lower Sehome Hill Buchanan Towers

Bill McDonald Pkwy

Although the arboretum is welcoming in daylight, Sgt. Bianca Smith of the University Police cautioned students away from travelling its paths after dark. In 2009 a student was robbed at knifepoint on a trail near campus. No crimes have been reported in the area since, but Smith subscribes to a bettersafe-than-sorry policy on twilight forest walks. The WWU Department of Public Safety offers personal escorts on campus to students concerned for their safety . Smith has also spotted cougars crossing the road in front of Sehome High School, but, with out any attacks, said such wildlife sights are a gift rather than a threat. Many people dont get to see that in their lifetimes, so to me its a plus, Smith said. In the event of a cougar encounter, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife recommends people appear large and assertive, backing away from the animal while giving it an exit route.

Proceed with caution!

8 | Features

Friday, October 5, 2012 | The Western Front

The art of tattoo removal and cover-up


By Kamrin Dishman When she was 13 years old, Western senior Niki Stafford sat in her cousins friends apartment getting stabbed by a needle-and-thread until a dull red heart with an arrow was visible on her right shoulder blade. She described the sensation as similar to getting blood drawn over and over. She thought getting a tattoo would be impressive because none of her friends had them at that age, she said. I was so young I didnt really think about it, Stafford said. The older I got I realized Wow, thats really shitty. Seventeen percent of people who get tattoos regret it and 5 percent of the United States' population have covered up a tattoo with another tattoo, according to the Pew Research Center. Todd Bruce, tattoo artist at Chameleon Tattoo and Piercing in Bellingham, said he does a cover-up every couple weeks. He says no to clients ideas every day to avoid giving people tattoos theyll one day regret, Bruce said. His goal is to do work people will want to represent on their bodies for a lifetime. He does tattoos for the future, not necessarily what people want in the moment, he said. At least once a week he has to convince someone not to get their boyfriend's or girlfriend's name Todd Bruce, of Chameleon Tattoo and Piercing, tattoos a spider in the center of tattooed on their body, a spider web surrounded by stars on Tammi Magee's foot, Thursday. "Contrary to he said. popular belief, there is a fine line between what I do and what a 4-year-old does with a Stafford got her box of crayons," Bruce said. He said he does tattoo cover-ups every couple weeks. tattoo covered up about Photo by Nick Gonzales. a month ago by an artist at Old School Tattoo and Piercing in Bellingham. tattoo removed. A full-sleeve tattoo is a series of Because an amateur originally did the tattoo, the tattoos that cover the length of the arm. lines werent clean and the quality was poor, she That is certainly a revolutionary change in said. She had the tattoo artist clean up the lines, add someones life, he said. It will allow him to wear shading and turn the arrow into a key, which is in short sleeves again. the tattoo she has now. The size, color, density of the color of the tattoo Stafford said she considered laser removal, but and natural skin color affect the outcome of the shes happy with the cover-up. Her tattoo was a removal. He said thin-lined black tattoos are usually reminder of her past and rough upbringing. She said the easiest to remove, while something filled in with her mother and family were not the best role models color will take longer. Certain hues of red and green and she ended up living with foster parents. can be more difficult to remove. When I looked at it, it reminded me of what Professional tattoos are harder to remove due to I never wanted to go back to, she said. It had high-quality ink and application. Tattoos can take memory and significance to me. anywhere from eight months to more than a year to If someone regrets a tattoo, Bruce said he be fully removed with approximately one session recommends getting one session of laser removal to every month, Lichtenberger said. lighten the tattoo before attempting a cover up. Lichtenberger said the only form of anesthetic Dr. Jason Lichtenberger is a facial plastic used during laser removal is a cold jet of air that surgeon at Hecht Aesthetic Center and a doctor at takes away discomfort and cools the skin down Bellingham Ear, Nose and Throat. He said tattoo during the laser process. removals can be successful. The laser penetrates the skin, smashing the ink Lichtenberger said he learned to do tattoo laser into tiny pieces; the body then gets rid of the ink removal procedures during his post-residency itself, he said. fellowship at a dermatologist office in Atlanta, Ga. Lichtenberger said tattoo removal is not always Based on what clients tell him, Bruce said the an unpleasant experience. Once, while doing removal of tattoos is about five-times as painful as tattoo removal, he asked a patient what was more getting the tattoo initially. painful, the tattoo or the removal. Her answer was The discomfort is mainly dependent on surprising. She said the removal hurt more, but she placement, Lichtenberger said. The most painful kind of liked it, Lichtenberger said. areas of the body to remove a tattoo tend to be where The experience of getting a cover-up tattoo didnt the skin is thinner, such as the foot, ankle or neck. scare Stafford away from getting more tattoos, but it He said in his experience, the most common did make her think more about what shes putting reason for removal is job related. In one case, he on her body. She said it made her more conscious of worked on a patient who wanted a full-sleeve getting a spontaneous tattoo without meaning.

Niki Stafford poses for a portrait Thursday. Stafford said she got a tattoo of a heart with an arrow on her right shoulder when she was 13 years old. Last month she got it covered up. "I kept [the tattoo] that way for almost 10 years. Isn't that crazy?" she said. Photo by Nick Gonzales.

westernfrontonline.net | Friday, October 5, 2012

Frontline

Opinion | 9
halls with the local food, but we believe it's not enough. Our university represents the community and should be actively trying to increase the amount of local food on campus. Western administration should enable them to have a place next to the big names that are in our major eating areas, such as the VU. We need more responsible, organic and local food services on campus. The editorial board is made up of Editor-in-Cheif Sarah Aitchison, Managing Editor James Kozanitis and Opinion Editor Joella Ortega.

letter to the editor

Opinions of the Editorial Board

Western has moved backward this fall in its attempt to bring more local food to campus. Though the university partners with some local companies such as the Community Food Co-op and Erin Bakers Breakfast Cookies, corporate food vendors outweigh the locals in Western's food servicing within campus eating areas. This editorial board is disappointed that Western has neglected to increase local business. Engrained, a sandwich shop, was present in the Atrium for only a year before it was replaced by the major food chain Subway. Engrained is a company with the intention of only using food from up to 150 miles between its location and its producer. Getting rid of this eatery and replacing it with something as commercial as Subway, does not aid local businesses. Engrained participates in ethical

Increase local food on campus


purchases and only serves organic food, according to engrainedcafe.com. The only thing left of Engrained is some options from the menu, offered in the Viking Union Caf. Engrained was a definite step in the right direction to increase local food. Getting rid of Engrained to make room for Subway was a step in the wrong direction. Local businesses are feeling the impact of the addition of large chains. QQ Lis has lost one-third of its business since the opening of Panda Express in the VU. Western should be going forward by promoting more small businesses on campus rather than preventing or hindering their potential for profit. QQ Lis is a local restaurant that needs support from people of both Bellingham and Western. The editorial board looks positively upon Western for supplying the dining

Food options should emulate campus values


As you may have noticed, Western has installed two new eating establishments on campus in the last month. Food chains like Panda Express and a second Subway are now present. While some may think this is a boon for students eating in between classes, I thought our university and city were both huge supporters of local business. By installing establishments such as Panda Express (very near long-time vendor QQ Lis) and a second Subway (in place of Engrained) we are not supporting local businesses, and are also threatening to put those same businesses out of business. QQ Lis, a very popular choice for lunch for students all across campus, could see serious loss of sales due to the addition of Panda Express, especially since Panda Express accepts Viking Dollars. The ease of this payment type will cause most people to go there because it is so convenient. Its a shame to see that local businesses, who boast much better prices and food and who help to stimulate the local economy, are being put out by larger corporate-based food chains, especially on a campus who traditionally prides itself on supporting local business. Jake Dahlberg, Bellingham resident

See our story on page one for more information on Western's local food policies and practices.

Viking Voices

Opinions from around campus

Where is your favorite place to eat on campus?


Compiled by Charmaine Riley

Low-income students need healthcare program


"Zoe's Bagels because they always have a lot of different options for schmears and tasty sandwich." The lack of healthcare we have in Washington is ridiculous. What concerns me are the low-income students who come to college with healthcare provided by the government until 19 years of age. After age 19 they cant do anything until the situation gets worst. During this summer I was treated in the hospital for peptic ulcer. I avoided the hospital because of the lack of money I had as a low-income college student, but soon I had to be tended to. My bill was unimaginably high and I am thankful for the charity care that was provided. What we need is a program created to help the uninsured, lowincome college students before emergency medical care is required. I praise you for the awareness of the lack of healthcare you brought up in the last issue. Dong Dinh, Western student

I like the Underground Cafe because it's really isolated. You can just go down there and hang out.

"My favorite place to eat on campus is at Subway because it's cheap and really healthy. I can decide whatever I want to put on my sandwhich."

Cora White
Undecided Freshman

Lyubov Tsymbalyuk
Education Freshman

Megan Howard
Urban Planning Junior

Front Funnies

submissions Policy
Cartoon by Owen Whitcomb

The Western Front publishes submitted opinion items on a space-available basis. We reserve the right to edit for length, spelling, style and grammar. Submit letters to the editor, rants and raves, Hey Yous and guest columns, along with your name and title (such as Western sophomore) to westernfront.opinion@gmail.com. Anonymous letters or those containing hate speech will not be published. Word count limits Rants and raves, Hey Yous: 50 words; Letters to the editor: 250 words; Guest columns: 400 words

Determined senior drives Western


By Jeffrey Graham Of all the indicators that senior midfielder Sujinda Dangvan is dedicated to his sport, sleeping habits may be the most unusual. His sister, Paula Phetsanghane, said Dangvan loves soccer so much he kicks in his sleep. Originally from San Diego, Calif. Dangvan moved to Thailand when he was six years old where he fell in love with the game. He remembers watching french soccer star Zinedine Zidane and Brazilian soccer star Roberto Carlos on TV as he kicked a small soccer ball around his room. Dangvan compares himself as a player to Ronaldo, a Portuguese star who is known for his fast footwork and ability to dribble around defenders. I like to dribble, bring people in and take long shots, Dangvan said. Dangvan owns a share of the team's scoring lead with four goals through nine games. Goalkeeper Leo Cohen is one of Dangvans best friends on the team. Cohen said Dangvans ability to keep possession of the ball and work creatively out of the midfield sets him apart from other players. Having an attack-minded midfielder makes counter attacks much easier, Cohen said. Cohen and Dangvan first met at Summerstart and have been good friends since. Cohen said Dangvans clear-cut and direct personality shows in his attacking style of play. Head Coach Travis Connell said Dangvan is an incredibly hard worker who sets an example for the rest of the team. Connell said Dangvan is competitive and driven to win. Dangvan's step father, Lee Wanke, said Dangvans entire demeanor is competitive, but very motivated as well. He said Dangvan not only has the ability to perform, but the desire to perform. Cohen said Dangvan has the ability to translate difficult situations into a positive light. And Dangvan would need that type of attitude to overcome a event that would change his life. On Jan. 7, 2011, Dangvans soccer career was on the verge soming to a schreaching hault. He was arrested for disorderly conduct, furnishing alcohol to minors and minor in possession of alcohol, when a party he and Cohen were hosting got out of hand, Dangvan said. Cohen, who was also arrested that night, said Dangvan sat them both down to talk about the incident and how to rebound. Cohen said they realized, as athletes they represent the university, something they paid little mind to before the arrest. [The incident] completely

10 | Sports

Friday, October 5, 2012 | The Western Front

Second chance gives soccer star new perspective

Key Numbers
Career goals by Sujinda Dangvan

Career assists by Dangvan

Career games played by Dangvan

55

10.3
Senior midfielder Sujinda Dangvan juggles a soccer ball after practice Wednesday. Dangvan said he is confident Western will give GNAC conference leaders Simon Fraser a good game on Saturday. Photo by Nick Gonzales.

Career shot percentage (shots that are goals) by Dangvan

Western's men's soccer team plays Simon Fraser, ranked seventh nationally, at 3 p.m. Saturday at Whatcom Community College.
changed the way I view life, Dangvan said. At that point I told myself I would never want to get myself to that point again. Dangvan said he felt it was a good thing he got in trouble for his actions. It made me work twice as hard in school and soccer, he said. It definitely made me more mature as a person. Connell said soccer is also a way

to help people with their lives. In the case of Dangvans arrest, Connell said he spent a lot of time with Dangvan, heling him take steps to toward becoming a better person. Now hes a guy who can [mentor] other people on the team about how to be better on the field and in the classroom, Connell said. Wanke, Dangvan's step father, said he is proud to have seen Dangvan mature during his years at Western. As Dangvan prepares to leave Western, Wanke feels Dangvans competitive and motivated nature will help him succeed beyond soccer. He has a very good focus on college education and hes adopted that experience well, Wanke said. Im excited knowing that he has put himself in a good position to move on.

Game-winning goals this season by Dangvan

Number of times Dangvan has changed his jersey number

westernfrontonline.net | Friday, October 5, 2012

Sports | 11

Opening losses leave Western hockey reeling


By Alex Peterson The Western hockey team was looking to expand its trophy case after last seasons wild success, finishing 23-2 in route to a National Championship. Unfortunately, the Vikings stumbled out of the gates and will need to regain their footing this weekend against Central Washington University. Western lost both its first two games to Portland State University this past weekend, on Friday by a score of 5-4, and on Saturday by a larger margin, 4-2. A slow start plagued the Vikings in the first game, but they were able to turn it around and give Portland State a scare, losing by one goal. We came back in the second period and made it a really good game, said senior Tyler Zetting, Westerns goalie. Their goalie stood on his head, but I thought we played really well. In the second game, Zetting said penalties and power-play goals were keys to Portland States victory. Western coach John Dougan said the Vikings were dominant in the second game, but werent able to translate strong play into goals. With 11 newcomers this year, Western has been working to get everyone familiar with the system. weaknesses that needed to be improved upon, Zetting said. This weekend, Western hosts rival Central Washington University. Western defeated Central 17-0 last season. Zetting said he expects assistant captain Brett Tobin to lead Western this weekend against Central after Tobin scored three

Great Northwest Athletic Conference Standings


Mens Soccer
Simon Fraser Northwest Nazarene Seattle Pacific 5-1-0 4-0-2 3-1-2 9-1-0 5-2-3 7-1-2 6-2-1 4-5-1 3-6-1 2-8-0 1-8-0

Montana State-Billings 3-2-1 Western Washington Mary Saint Martins Sioux Falls 2-3-1 2-4-0 1-5-0 1-5-0


Their goalie stood on his head, but I thought we played really well
Tyler Zetting, Western goalie
It can be confusing when you come to a new team and you have new systems, Zetting said. If you dont know where youre going, it can be pretty confusing. Zetting said practice this week focused on building team chemistry and getting all the new players acclimated to the Vikings playbook. After losing to Portland State, Western identified penalties, and penalty killing, as potential goals against Portland State. Dougan admitted he doesnt know what to expect from Central due to the lack of scouting availability, but Zetting said the Wildcats have a couple speedy forwards. You never know who they picked up during the year, Zetting said. We just have to treat every game like its going to be a tough win. Western hosts Central at 10:15 p.m. Friday at the Bellingham Sportsplex. McPherson said. "But we played steady, which was our goal, and we came out with a win." Greary, who entered the game against AlaskaFairbanks three kills shy of moving into fourth place for Western's all-time career kills leader. She left the game seven kills shy of moving into third place all-time. The Vikings improve to 13-2 overall, and 6-1 in the Great Northwest Athletic Conference, firmly planting themselves atop the division. The victory came just days after Western was voted the 16th-ranked volleyball team in the country by the American Volleyball Coaches Association NCAA Division II poll. Western has won nine straight sets since the team's loss to 25th-ranked Central Washington University Saturday, Sept. 22. Additional reporting by Kamry McRae.

Womens Soccer
Western Washington 6-1-0 9-2-0 10-1-0 7-2-2 3-6-2 5-6-0 5-6-0 5-5-1 1-9-0 Montana State-Billings 6-1-0 Seattle Pacific Central Washington Saint Martins Northwest Nazarene Western Oregon Simon Fraser 4-1-2 2-4-1 3-4-0 2-5-0 3-3-1 0-7-0

Volleyball continues streak


By Alex Bigelow Western's women's volleyball team defeated Alaska-Fairbanks University Thursday night in straight sets, 25-18, 25-19, 25-17. Senior Marlayna Geary led the Vikings with 10 kills and 14 digs, while also chipping in two aces. Despite the straight-set victory, freshman Jennica McPherson sees plenty of room for improvement. "It wasn't our best match,"

Womens Volleyball
Western Washington Western Oregon Alaska Anchorage Central Washington 6-1 3-2 5-1 5-1 13-2 10-4 10-4 11-4 7-7 9-7 4-6 6-9 2-10 2-11

Montana State Billings 4-2 Northwest Nazarene Saint Martins Seattle Pacific Alaska Fairbanks Simon Fraser 2-4 2-3 3-3 0-6 0-7

12 | Sports
Friday
Home Away
Women's Golf Saint Martins Invitational All day Olympia, Wash. Cross Country 39th Annual Western Washington Classic Invitational 10:30 a.m. East Lake Padden Park

Friday, October 5, 2012 | The Western Front


Saturday
Women's Volleyball vs. Alaska Anchorage 7 p.m. Anchorage, Alaska Men's Soccer vs. Simon Fraser 3 p.m. Bellingham at WCC Women's Golf Saint Martins Invitational All day Olympia, Wash.

Sunday
Women's Soccer vs. Central Washington 12 p.m. Ellensburg, Wash.

Monday
Men's Golf Chico State Invitational All day Corning, Calif.Women's Golf Western Washington Invitational All day Bellingham Golf & Country Club

Tuesday
Men's Golf Chico State Invitational All day Corning, Calif. Women's Golf Western Washington Invitational All day Bellingham Golf & Country Club

Western, Arthurs shut out Simon Fraser


By Annika Wolters Western senior goalie Jamie Arthurs earned her 31st shut out Thursday night in a 2-0 victory against Simon Fraser University. With the shut out, Arthurs tied former Western goalie Teresa Fish for the Great Northwest Athletic Conference record for career shut outs. Arthurs has allowed four goals in 11 games this season, giving her a season save percentage of 84 percent. Arthurs is giving up 0.36 goals per game this season. Junior Brina Sych scored the first goal in the 25th minute, assisted by freshman forward Catherine Miles. Sych said she usually plays outside defense but played outside forward on Saturday. It was Sychs second goal of the season, and Miles fifth assist. Miles leads the team in assists, and is tied for the team lead with six goals. In the second half, Simon Fraser played its defensive line especially high and tried to catch the Vikings offsides, Sych said. Miles scored the second goal in the 46th minute, assisted by Ashton Griffens corner kick, Sych said. Western outshot Simon Fraser 12-4 in the contest. Earlier in the season, the Vikings dominated Simon Fraser, winning 6-0 at Whatcom Community College, Sych said. We didnt play our best game, Head Coach Travis Connell said. At the end of the day, the forwards are supposed to score, and they did. Western has outscored its opponents 15-0 in its past four games, and is currently ranked fifth in the West region after winning against previously undefeated Montana State-Billings last Saturday. With the win, Western improved to 9-2 overall, and 6-1 in the GNAC. On Sunday, Western travels to Central Washington University where Arthurs will look to break the record of most career shutouts in GNAC history. Additional reporting by Alex Bigelow

Western's Kristen Miles battles for the ball in a 2-0 victory over Simon Fraser University on Thursday at Simon Fraser. Photo courtesy of The Peak.