A World Free of High Risk Roads

ADB Training Course November 2012

A World Free of High Risk Roads

A World Free of High Risk Roads

WE CAN FREE THE WORLD OF HIGH RISK ROADS
A World Free of High Risk Roads

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About iRAP: Registered charity
Vision: a world free of high risk roads Inspect high-risk roads and develop Star Ratings and Safer Roads Investment Plans Active in 70 countries
A World Free of High Risk Roads

Programme donors

Managed by the World Health Organisation

BLOOMBERG PHILANTHROPIES

Project partners

Centres of Excellence

Self-governing programmes

A World Free of High Risk Roads

What is going wrong in road development?

A World Free of High Risk Roads

A World Free of High Risk Roads

How do we know there are accident rate benefits if we don‟t measure them? What if accident rates increase? Could that threaten the viability of project? Is it ethical?

A World Free of High Risk Roads

A World Free of High Risk Roads

2%
A World Free of High Risk Roads

-37%

-50%

-3% growth
Perhaps the investment incentives are a little skewed…
A World Free of High Risk Roads

But +33% fatalities

A World Free of High Risk Roads

$113 million per annum
Deaths and serious injuries est.

308 deaths per / 595 km = 0.52 deaths / km !

Ezra Hauer: “Can one estimate the value of life, or is it better to be dead than stuck in traffic?”
A World Free of High Risk Roads

What is going wrong?
• Safety not considered as important as other factors, such as vehicle operating costs and travel times

• Safety focused on processes, rather than reductions in risk
• Safety performance indicators inadequate

• Unwillingness to go ‘above’ standards, which are often lacking
• Little accountability for the implementation of the Road Safety Audit recommendations • Independence of the ‘engineer’ severely undermined Reality: if ADB finances a road, then it „owns‟ any problems with the road
A World Free of High Risk Roads

Building safer roads
How do we get safe roads in DMCs?

5 years prior
• 6 fatal head-on crashes • 3 injury head-on crashes
A World Free of High Risk Roads

4 years after
• No fatal head-on crashes • No injury head-on crashes

Ethical platform
• Human life and health is paramount • Life and health cannot, in the long run, be traded against other benefits • Mobility is a function of the safety level

Source: Claes Tingvall and Anders Lie Swedish Road Administration

A World Free of High Risk Roads

A Safe System
• Mistakes, errors of judgment and poor decisions are intrinsic to humans • Humans are fragile • People who behave with disregard for the safety of themselves and others should expect tough policing and tough penalties • Safety can be built into the road system comprehensively and systematically • The ‘engineered’ elements of the system can be designed to be compatible with the human element

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Speed

Pedestrian

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Swedish Road Administration

What is the ADB‟s model for a Safe System?

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Source: Stigson, Krafft and Tingvall, 2008

Outcomes of the Safe System
• Approximately 30% of the traffic flow could be defined as ‘safe’ • Approximately 2-3% of fatalities occurred under these conditions (Stigsson 2008)

Source: Claes Tingvall and Anders Lie, Swedish Road Administration

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Protecting pedestrians

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Protecting bicyclists and non-motorised vehicle users

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Median barriers

Source: Claes Tingvall and Anders Lie, Swedish Road Administration

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Results of median barrier program
In 2007: • 38% of traffic flow was on roads with a median barrier: 35 fatalities • 62% of traffic flow was on roads with a median barrier: 280 fatalities (factor 5) • 10-20 times more cost effective than earlier, in fact a marginal decrease of the cost of saving lives
Source: Claes Tingvall and Anders Lie, Swedish Road Administration

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Improving road sides
• EuroRAP shows a 50% reduction of serious and fatal injuries for 4-star side areas than 2-star areas

• Treatment with barriers is highly cost effective

Source: Claes Tingvall and Anders Lie, Swedish Road Administration

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Reducing severity at intersections

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Performance indicators
Sweden: • By 2020: 75% of the traffic flow with speed over 80 km/h will be on divided roads (2025: 100% - except on very low flow roads) Why can‟t this be • Roadsides in line with 3-stars adopted by ADB?

This is what the World Bank is already doing (KSHIP 2, India)
Source: Claes Tingvall, Swedish Road Administration

A World Free of High Risk Roads

Crash modification factors and performance indicators
• Centerline rumble: head-on crashes down 21% • Energy-absorbing barrier end treatments: fatalities down 78%
Potential indicators: % travel on roads with centre line rumble strips % travel on roads with safe barrier end treatments

Source: ADB 2012, Road Safety Action Plan

A World Free of High Risk Roads

iRAP

Inspections More than 30 features that influence serious casualty risk

Training For road authorities, consultants and NGOs

Risk assessment For veh occupants, pedestrians, bicyclists and motorcyclists

Life-Saving Countermeasures Recommendations for affordable improvements

Implementation Recommendations built into road designs and projects

A World Free of High Risk Roads

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