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INTERPRET

YOUR RESULT.

Wages is an important value to worker and economic growth. As we know wages are affected

by many type of variable such as occupation, , industry, age, gender, education and

experience. In this paper we want to know whether wages have relationship with occupation.

Before we proceed to this objective, firstly we want to know the range of wages at the period

2012. The way to know the range of wages at the end period 2012 is by conduct a confidence

level method for the mean amount of wages in period 2012. From a one organisation we

randomly select a sample of 80 workers has been selected, with 5% significant level for each

analysis. Based on SPSS output below conduct this analysis and interpret the result.

One-Sample Statistics

Wages2012

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

80

30533.09

16782.760

1876.370

**One-Sample Test
**

Test Value = 30000

95% Confidence Interval of the

Wages2012

Mean

Difference

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Difference

Lower

Upper

.284

79

.777

533.088

-3201.73

4267.91

**b. CONFIDENCE INTERVAL FOR MEAN DIFFERENCE. INTERPRET YOUR
**

RESULT.

Confidence level for wages 2012 has been calculated, now by using SPSS output for

independent test. Find confidence level for mean difference in wages 2012 and occupation

with 95% confidence interval and interpret the answer.

Group Statistics

Wages2012

occupation

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

Clerical

17

27310.94

8056.002

1953.867

Service

17

21107.94

6830.495

1656.638

**Independent Samples Test
**

Levene's Test

for Equality of

Variances

**t-test for Equality of Means
**

95%

Interval

Sig.

(2F

Wages2012

Equal

Sig.

1.473 .234

t

df

2.421 32

Confidence

Mean

of

the

Std. Error Difference

tailed) Difference Difference Lower

Upper

.021

6203.000

2561.650

985.091 11420.909

2.421 31.166 .021

6203.000

2561.650

979.612 11426.388

variances

assumed

Equal

variances

not

assumed

**c. T-TEST FOR ONE SAMPLE
**

For the further analysis, in 2012 a lot of people say that the salaries among worker are more

than RM30000 per worker. A sample of wages is selected from a one organisation, at the 5%

significant level there is enough evidence to support the claim.

One-Sample Statistics

Wages2012

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

80

30533.09

16782.760

1876.370

**One-Sample Test
**

Test Value = 30000

95% Confidence Interval of the

Wages2012

Mean

Difference

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Difference

Lower

Upper

.284

79

.777

533.088

-3201.73

4267.91

**d. T-TEST FOR INDEPENDENT SAMPLE
**

The next analysis, in 2012 there a lot of worker say that clerical occupation wages is more

than service occupation wages. A sample of worker from clerical and service occupation has

been selected to conduct this analysis. At the 5% significant level, is there enough evidence

to support the claim.

Group Statistics

Wages2012

occupation

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

Clerical

17

27310.94

8056.002

1953.867

Service

17

21107.94

6830.495

1656.638

**Independent Samples Test
**

Levene's Test

for Equality of

Variances

**t-test for Equality of Means
**

95%

Interval

Sig.

(2F

Wages2012

Equal

Sig.

1.473 .234

t

df

2.421 32

Confidence

Mean

of

the

Std. Error Difference

tailed) Difference Difference Lower

Upper

.021

6203.000

2561.650

985.091 11420.909

2.421 31.166 .021

6203.000

2561.650

979.612 11426.388

variances

assumed

Equal

variances

not

assumed

**e. T-TEST FOR PAIRED SAMPLE
**

Next, in 2007 Malaysian economic was strong enough, to maintain this economic growth

government had been implement many policies such as give increasing government

expensive, decreasing the tax and so on . The wages in 2007 had been check and compare

with wages in 2012 to see whether the policy that government launch is effective in economic

growth in 2012. At the 5% significant level, is there enough evidence to support the claim

that is a difference between mean in wages 2007 and 2012.

Paired Samples Statistics

Std.

Std.

Error

Deviation

Mean

Pair Wages2012 30533.09 80

16782.760

1876.370

1

15248.712

1704.858

Mean

N

Wages2007 29228.45 80

**Paired Samples Correlations
**

N

Pair Wages2012

1

& 80

Correlation Sig.

.990

.000

Wages2007

**Paired Samples Test
**

Paired Differences

95%

Mean

Pair Wages2012

1

Wages2007

Confidence

Std.

Interval

Std.

Error

Difference

Deviation

Mean

Lower

305.759

696.040 1913.235 4.267 79

- 1304.638 2734.789

of

Upper

the

Sig. (2t

df

tailed)

.000

f. ANOVA.

CONDUCT THE MULTIPLE COMPARISON

APPLICABLE. IF NOT APPLICABLE, STATE YOUR REASON.

TESTS

IF

**a. ONE WAY ANOVA
**

Before we proceed to the final analysis that is examine the relationship between wages and

occupation. We wish to see whether there is a significant difference among wages (RM) it

takes by six occupations in 2012. In analysis if exist at least one of the mean is significantly

different, we will determine which one is by conduct post-hoc bonferroni analysis.

ANOVA

Wages2012

Sum

of

Squares

df

Mean Square F

Sig.

5.231E9

5

1.046E9

.001

Within Groups

1.702E10

74

2.300E8

Total

2.225E10

79

Between

Groups

4.549

Multiple Comparisons

Wages2012

Bonferroni

95% Confidence Interval

Mean

(I) occupation (J) occupation

Difference (I-J) Std. Error

Sig.

Lower Bound

Upper Bound

Others

Management

-10659.912

6113.463

1.000

-29204.94

7885.11

Sales

732.521

7259.995

1.000

-21290.48

22755.52

Clerical

649.746

5282.422

1.000

-15374.34

16673.83

Service

6852.746

5282.422

1.000

-9171.34

22876.83

Education

-16509.313

5550.054

.059

-33345.25

326.63

Others

10659.912

6113.463

1.000

-7885.11

29204.94

Sales

11392.433

7831.500

1.000

-12364.21

35149.08

Clerical

11309.659

6043.911

.979

-7024.38

29643.70

Service

17512.659

6043.911

.074

-821.38

35846.70

Education

-5849.400

6279.170

1.000

-24897.09

13198.29

Others

-732.521

7259.995

1.000

-22755.52

21290.48

Management

-11392.433

7831.500

1.000

-35149.08

12364.21

Clerical

-82.775

7201.524

1.000

-21928.40

21762.85

Service

6120.225

7201.524

1.000

-15725.40

27965.85

Education

-17241.833

7400.072

.338

-39689.75

5206.08

Others

-649.746

5282.422

1.000

-16673.83

15374.34

Management

-11309.659

6043.911

.979

-29643.70

7024.38

Sales

82.775

7201.524

1.000

-21762.85

21928.40

Service

6203.000

5201.770

1.000

-9576.43

21982.43

5473.347

.037

-33762.31

-555.81

Management

Sales

Clerical

Service

Education

*

Education

-17159.059

Others

-6852.746

5282.422

1.000

-22876.83

9171.34

Management

-17512.659

6043.911

.074

-35846.70

821.38

Sales

-6120.225

7201.524

1.000

-27965.85

15725.40

Clerical

-6203.000

5201.770

1.000

-21982.43

9576.43

5473.347

.001

-39965.31

-6758.81

*

Education

-23362.059

Others

16509.313

5550.054

.059

-326.63

33345.25

Management

5849.400

6279.170

1.000

-13198.29

24897.09

Sales

17241.833

Clerical

17159.059

*

Service

23362.059

*

7400.072

.338

-5206.08

39689.75

5473.347

.037

555.81

33762.31

5473.347

.001

6758.81

39965.31

**b. TWO WAY ANOVA
**

After done with one way anova and multiple comparison analysis for wages period 2012 and

six difference occupation, now can we conclude that there is another factor that affects wages

that is industry?. To see which factor effect wages for period 2012, a research has been done

with aim to study the effect of occupation in the four difference industry as block.

Between-Subjects Factors

occupation

industry

Value Label

N

0

Others

16

1

Management

10

2

Sales

6

3

Clerical

17

4

Service

17

5

Education

14

0

Others

56

1

Manufacturing

13

2

Construction

2

3

Transportation and Telecommunication

9

**Tests of Between-Subjects Effects
**

Dependent Variable:Wages2012

Source

Type III Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

Corrected Model

5.790E9

8

7.238E8

3.122

.004

Intercept

1.977E10

1

1.977E10

85.253

.000

occupation

5.391E9

5

1.078E9

4.651

.001

industry

5.586E8

3

1.862E8

.803

.496

Error

1.646E10

71

2.318E8

Total

9.683E10

80

Corrected Total

2.225E10

79

a. R Squared = .260 (Adjusted R Squared = .177)

**g. CHI-SQUARE TEST (INDEPENDENCE TEST)
**

Now to see whether wages and six type of occupation have a relationship, we will conduct

“chi-square” analysis. A random of sample 80 worker was chosen and classified according to

what occupation they work on. At the 5% significant level test whether there is a relationship

between wages at the end period 2012 and the type of occupation they work on.

**Wages2012 * occupation Cross tabulation
**

Count

occupation

Total

Others Management

Sales

Clerical

Service

Education

10997

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

11186

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

11451

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

11702

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

11780

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

12285

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

13162

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

13312

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

13318

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

13787

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

15013

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

15160

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

15234

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

15957

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

16667

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

16789

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

16796

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

16817

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

17694

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

18121

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

18752

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

19227

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

19306

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

19388

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

19452

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

19879

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

Wages2012

19981

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

20852

2

0

0

0

0

0

2

21716

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

21994

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

22133

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

22485

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

23027

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

24509

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

25166

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

26614

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

26795

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

26820

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

28168

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

28219

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

28440

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

29191

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

29390

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

29407

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

29736

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

29977

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

30006

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

30133

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

31304

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

31702

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

31799

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

32094

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

32138

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

33389

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

33411

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

33461

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

33959

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

34484

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

34746

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

35185

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

36178

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

37664

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

37771

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

39888

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

44543

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

45976

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

49898

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

49974

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

50171

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

50235

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

52762

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

55777

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

57623

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

60152

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

66738

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

68573

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

75165

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

83443

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

83601

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

16

10

6

17

17

14

80

Total

**Chi-Square Tests
**

Asymp. Sig. (2Value

Pearson Chi-Square

Likelihood Ratio

Linear-by-Linear Association

N of Valid Cases

df

sided)

a

390

.352

278.296

390

1.000

.629

1

.428

400.000

80

**a. 474 cells (100.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is
**

.08.

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UsefulNot usefulThis project is for applies statistic semester 3 2012/2013, in this projrk we required to generate a questoon baed on SPSS output and the answer fotr this question must in hand writing.

This project is for applies statistic semester 3 2012/2013, in this projrk we required to generate a questoon baed on SPSS output and the answer fotr this question must in hand writing.

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