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Fabian Vital 1,1./5/12 Period 2 lonic vs.

Covalent Bonding Lab Investigation

lntroduction:

', . J i ^ b

,r
t l-'t\ )p to be transferred formionicbonds.j f

formlareto become stable form or Thereason both,!enS_a1O covalent, bonds an octet.Non+netals metals and ""ilnl"lectrons to metals loseelectronldue the factthattheyhave The metals become cations because
gain electrons due to their high low ionizatioqOn the otherhand,non-metals
'iirr'.i \ tf\ ''f
Dr cSf ) 4 ,t,t')

attraction. Lonic compounds electiostatic Theseionsare heldnby electronegativity. TK-e


structure. ;l .,,,.-o in when dissolved waterbecauseof l$ crystallattice onlyconduct electricity ',n, ,l ni J bonding, bondsare formedby two the In The crystalhas to be dissociated. covalent - ', :. " \\.1 , I fi;; -/. "'rr

are There no iorittoimedin covalent causing to non-metals electrons be shared.


-rQj Covalent bondsdo not conduct is /' '\' a and the structure uqd.lly molecule, bonding 'r \

' ' ' -l

' -' n

is The electricity. purposeof this experiment to see whichspecificbond is takingp(ace


\

i n t h e g i v e nso l u ti o n s. Hypotheses:

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r lu . \ ' - ' i^

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chemicals. Table 1: The expectedresults testingfive different of


Gompoundsto be Tested (pure) Distilled water Sodium Chloride Ghemical Formula Hypothesis1: lonic or Covalent? Hypothesis 2: High or Low Melting Point? Low Hypothesis 3: Will it conduct electricity?

HzO

Covalent

No

NaCL
CpHzzOtt

lonic Covalent Covalent lonic

High Low Low


H i gh

Yes
No No

(sugar) Sucrose Dextrose


Sodium sulfate

C o H rz Oo NaSOa

Yes

FabianVital

rr/s/L2
Period 2 Procedures: PART l. Melting Point and Strengthof Bonds 1. Foldaluminum intoa squarethat can fit four substances each corner foil on withoutany of them mixing. 2. Placethe squareof foil on the Bunsenburnerfgr,no longerthan 2 minutes.

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3. Startto observeand recordwhat chemicalslryh from first to last. in 4. After recording results, the foil cool off and wash off the chemicals the let t h e si n k. ,- .,i\ ., .- a' i P A R Tl l heles.on 1. Placea sampleof each chemical ylate but on different dry. by conduct electricity Then recordyour observations 2. Test if the chemicals "Yes"or "No". stating, untilthe chemical 3. Then add dropsof water intoeach holeof the chemicals has dissolved. 4. When dissolved, checkif the chemicals now conductelectricity and record "Yes"or "No". observations stating, by Results: Table2'.The actualresultsof the testedchemicals.
Name/ Chemical F or m ula : Pa rt l : M e l ti n g P o i n t(1 5; High, Med. or Low?) (yes/no) Fi nalC oncl usi on : Part ll: ConductedElectricity? lonicor CovalentBonds?

Dry
( Dis t illedpu re ) water S odium Chlo ri d e 1 = l o w e s t(a l re a d y m e l te d ) 5= high N/A

Dissolved No C oval en t

N/A

Yes

l oni c

Sucrpae{Sugar) /

3= medium

N/A

No

Covalent

Vi

a\ \ \ ' . t t ' L- \

Dextro{ C S odium ulfa te S

2= lorv 4: high

N/A N/A

No Yes

C oval en t
lonic

FabianVital

rt/s/r2
Period2

'l
I
Conclusion:

*^tti [o*\r.,

was The purpose the experiment met.The givenE^{r weretestedandthe of


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Afterthe laboratory,was concluded it thatdodium hypothejis turnedout to be correct.


while/Sucrose dextrose were ioniccompounds, and and,Sodium Gtiloride ,6ulfate being correct,the results turnedout to be covalentbonds.All of the hypotheses electricity wateran d in demonstrated ioniccompounds the were thosethat conducted
4rA

,s-

points. formed the Thismeantthatthe bonds hadhighmelting y9l9Slpng. However electricity waterand haq&y__ in covalent compounds werethosewho did notconduct points. wereweak.lonicbonds, formed from formed melting Thismeant thatthe bonds can cations(positive) anions(negative), haveslgglllcitlflowthrough and Ds"qrtign whenbroken downin water. lonicbonds verystrqng are ' since electrostatic fhe
l ' -\' lr ('' .--: , '*'" "\\ attraction makes the bonds rno1g_lghtand appealing to one another. Covalent bonds do
-_-