You are on page 1of 13

1

DURIE TANGRI LLP MTCHAEL H. PAGE (SBN 154913)


mpage@durietangri. com JOSHUA H. LERNER (SBN 220755) j lerner@durietangri. com 217 Leidesdorff Street San Francisco, CA 94IIl Telephone: 415-362-6666 Facsimile: 415-236-6300

2
J

4
5

6 7
8

Attorneys for Defendant Twitter,Inc. SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA


COI.TNTY OF COI-]NTY

9 10
11

PeopleBrowsr, Inc., and PeopleBrowsr Pty., Ltd.,

Case

No. CGC-12-526393

12
13 V

Plaintiffs,

NOTICE TO ADVERSE PARTY OF REMOVAL TO FEDERAL COURT

Dept.:
Defendant.

302

t4
15

Twitter, Inc.,

t6
17 18 19

20

2t
22
/.J

24
25

26 27 28

NOTICE TO ADVERSE PARTY OF REMOVAL TO FEDERAL COURT / CASE NO. CGC-I2-526393

TO PLAINTIFFS AND THEIR ATTORNEYS OF RECORD PLEASE TAKE NOTICE THAT


States
a

2 J

Notice of Removal of this action was filed in the

District Court for the Northern District of California, San Francisco Division on

4
5

2012. A copy of the said Notice of Removal is attached to this Notice and is served and filed

6 7

Dated: December 3,2012 By

DURIE T

LLP

MI PAGE JOSHUA H. LERNER


Attorneys for Defendant Twitter. Inc.

9 10
11

12
13

t4
15

I6 I7
18

t9
20
2T

22
23

24 25 26 27 28
1

NOTICE TO ADVERSE PARTY OF REMOVAL TO FEDERAL COURT / CASE NO. CGC-I2-526393

I
2
J

PROOF OF SERVICE

I am a citizen of the United States and resident of the State of California. I am employed in San
Francisco County, State of California, in the office of a member of the bar of this Court, at whose

4
5

direction the service was made. I am over the age of eighteen years, and not a party to the within action.

My business address is 217 Leidesdorff Street, San Francisco, CA


On December 3,

94IIl.

6 7
8

20I2,I

served the following documents in the manner described below:

O l-l r-.4- n f-l E

NOTICE TO ADVERSE PARTY OF REMOVAL TO FEDERAL COURT

9
10
11

1BY U.S. MAIL) I am personally and readily familiar with the business practice gfDurie Tangri LLp for collection and processing of correspondence for mailing with_the United Stats Postal Service, and I caused such envelope(s) with postage thereon fully prepaid to be placed in the United States Postal Service at San Francisco, California. 1BY MESSENGER SERVICE) by consigning the document(s) to an authorized courier andlor process server for hand delivery on this date.

T2
13

Y FACSIMILE) I am personally and readily familiar with the business practice of burie Tangri llp for collction an processing of document(s) to be transmitted by facsimile ad I caused such documet(s) on this date to be transmitted by facsimile to the off,rces of addressee(s) at the numbers listed below.
1BY OVERNIGHT MAIL) I am personally and readily familiar with the business practice of Durie Tangri LLp for cllection andprocessing of correspondence for.overnight elivery, and I caused such document(s) described herein to be deposited for delivery to a facilityregularly maintained by Federal Express for overnight delivery.

I4
15 16 T7 18

BY ELECTRONIC SERVICE: By electronically mailing a true and correct copy through Durie Tangri's electronic mail sysiem from jposada@durietangri.com to the email addresses set forth below. (BY PERSONAL DELIVERY) I caused such envelope to be delivered by hand to the offices of each addressee below.

t9
20

2l
22 z3 24
25

26 27
28
2 NOTICE TO ADVERSE PARTY OF REMOVAL TO FEDERAL COURT / CASE NO. CGC-12-526393

On the following part(ies) in this action:

2
J

4
5

CROWELL & MORING LLP Michael Kahn (mkahn@crowell. com) Gregory D. Call (gcall@crowell.com) Theresa A. Buckley (tbuckley@crowell.com) 275 Batlery Street, 23rd Floor San Francisco, CA 94IIt Telephone: 4 1 5.986.2800 Facsimile: 415.986.2827 CROWELL & MORING LLP
Kathleen B alderrama (kbalden ama@cr owell. com) 515 South Flower St., 40th Floor Los Angeles, CA 9007I Telephone: 2t3.622.47 50 Facsimile : 213 .622.269 0

6
7
8

9
10
11

Attorneys for Plaintiffs PeopleBrowsr, Pty., Ltd., PeopleBrowsr, Inc.

I2
13

I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America that the
foregoing is true and conect. Executed on December 3,2012, at San Francisco, California.

t4
15

16

t7
18
T9

20

2l
22
23

24
25

26 27 28
a

NOTICE TO ADVERSE PARTY OF REMOVAL TO FEDERAL COURT i CASE NO. CGC.I2-526393

E,XHIBIT A

rs 44 CAND (Rev.

r2lrr)
oN

CIVIL COVER SHEET


NEXr PAc E
o F

the civil docket sheet. lss r/vsrn ucrto NS

r H IS Fo RM.)

I. (a) PLAINTIFFS
PeopleBrowsr, lnc., and PeopleBrowsr Pty., Ltd

DEFENDANTS
Twitter, lnc.
Couuty of Residenco of First Listed

(b)

County of Residenco of Fist Listed Plaintiff San Frnnisco (EXCEPT IN U.S. PLAINTTFF CASES)

Defendant San Francisco

(IN U.S. PLAINTIFF CASES ONLY)

NOTE:

IN LAND CONDBMNATION CASES, USE THE LOCATION OF THE TRACT OF LAND INVOLVED.

c,i"rf"ffi 3Il'Tf"r3ff'"dtQi;l;:8iiffi"d.curr,rhereseA.
Buckey, 275 Battery Street, 23rd Floor, San Francisco, CA 94111'

Durie Tahjii LLP, Michael H. Page, Joshua H. Lerner, 217 Leidesdorff Street, San Francisco, CA 9411 1, 415-362-6666

Attomevs uf Khown)

II. BASIS OF JURISDICTION


O I
U.S. Covemmett

(Place n

"x"

tn one Box ontv)

IfI. CITIZENSHIP OF PRINCIPAL PARTIES


(For Dlverslty Cases Oly)
PTT' CitizeD ofThis State

(Ptace

qn "x" tn one Bo'for PtaitIJ) and One Box lot Defendnt) PTT DEtr

3Federsl Questioo

IIEF

Plairiff

(U.8. Govetnent Not a Prty)

ol
A 2 O 3

ol

Icoposted or Priocipal Place ofBusiuess I This stte lcoporatd ard PioiPal Plca ofBusless Itr Another State
Foreig Ntion

4 tr4 5 05

O2

U,s. GovenE[t Defendrt

4 Divesty (Indtcte Cltlzenshtp o Parttes tn lte III)

Citizen ofAtrother

Stte ofa

O 2 O 3

Citizes o Subjet

a 6 06

IV.

NATURE OF
O
310
3

an "X" ln One Bor PERSONAL INJURY PERSONAL INJURY

0 I l0 losuance o 120 Matre O 130 Miller Aot o 140 Negoti4ble ltrstrumct O 150 Reoovcry ofovcrpsyEetrt
& Efooetet of Judge[t O 15l Mcdicre At

625 Drug Related Seizue

422 Apptl 28 USC 158 423 lvithdwel 28 USC 57

Airplc

O 365Pesolldjury O

l5 iplalc Poduct Liability 320 Assault, Libel &


Sladc
330 Fderal Employes'

Product Liobility 367 Health Care/

ofProperty 690 Other

2l

USC 881

O O o O O o

152 RecoYcy ofDefsultd Studetrt Loss

Lirbility
340 Msine 345 Mrie Poduct

Phsmaceuticl Persodl hry Product Libility 368 sbestos Persol

o
o

820 Copyights
E30

Petet

d 375 Fslse ClsiDs Act O 400 Stte Respportiotrment X 4lo Antitrust O 430 BsDks strd Baokig O 450 CoEmece O 460 Dcportatio! O 470 Rscketeer lflueced and
Corrupt Orgs!izstiotrs

o
O O O
710 Fir Lsbo Stndards

840 Tdeuak

(Ercl. VcteBs)
153 Recovery of OYcpslmetrt

Libllig
O
350 Moto Vehicle 355 Motor Vhicle Product Lisbility 360 Othe Pesorsl

hjury Poduct Lisbility PERSONL PROPERTY

o
O

86r rrA (1395f


862 863 864 86s

O tr O O O O o O O

ofVeters's Beefts 160 Stockholdcrs' Suits 190 Otha Cotsot 195 Cotsct Poduct Lisbilty
196 Fanchise

O O O O

hjury
362 Peso@l Injury -

370 Othe Frsud 371 Tuth i Ltrditrg 380 Othcr Pesoual Popey DaEge 385 Propetty Dmage Prodct Libility

Act
720 Labo/vlgmt. Relations ?40 Rsilwey Ldbor Act 751 FsEily trd Mediql LeaYe Act ?90 Othe Labor Litigatiotr 791 EBpl. Ret. Inc.

Blsck Lutrg (923) DrWC/DIWW (aosG)) SSID Title XVI RsI (405(e))

480 Cossume Credit 490 Csble/SstTV 850 Securitas/Commodities/ Exohsge

890OtheStatutoYActios 891 Agriculturl Acts


893 EYironEetrtl Mttes 895 Frecdom oflnfomtion

Aat
896

Mcd.

Abitstio
Pocedue

tuftB

secuity Aqt

899 Aditristttive

o
O O O O O

210 Lnd CodcmtrstioD 220 Foeclosure 230 ReDt Lsse & EjectEet 240 Tots to Lsd 245 Tot Podut Ltablity 290 AU OteRcsl Property

440 Othc CiYil Rishts 441 Votirg

O O O O o d O

510 Motios to Vscte


Setrtetroe

O O

870 Txcs (U.S. Plsitiff o Defed8t) 871

Aci/RYiew or Appesl of

442 E6ploycnt 443 Housitg/

Ebes Corpusl
530 Geucol 535 Deth Peslty
540 Msdamus

lRs-Third

Psrty

26 USC 7609 Othe 462 463 Hsbeds Copus

Agency Decisio 950 Costitutiolity of Statc Statutcs

AccoEEodstiotrs 445 AEer. w/Dissbiliries -

&

EEployett
446 Amer. w/Disobilities -

550 Civil Rights 555 Prisotr Coditio


560 Civil Detoiec -

Alieo Dstice

Oter
448 Education

coditios of
Conheetrt

(Prisotre Pettio) 465 Othe ImEigtioD

Actios

V. ORIGIN
l

2 Removedfrom Cl 3
State Court

(Place on

"X" ln

Ohe Box OnlY)

Remandedfrom Cout

. t 4 Reinstatedor u J
Reopened

Transfened from

mother district

Multidistriot Litigation

VI. vII.

CAUSE OF ACTION REQUESTED

15 U.S.C. S 4
Brief description of oauso:

rnder which vou are

filing

(Do dot ct.u rsdctloil slrules crtes llvertt!)i

IN

fI

CHECK

F THIS

IS

A CLASS ACTION

DEMAND

CIIECK YES only if demanded iu complaint:

COMPLAINT:

UNDERF.R.C.P.23
(see

JITRYDEMAND: O Yes
DOCKETNIJMBER

VIII.

RELATED CASE(S)
IF ANY
an

instuctions):
JUDGE

IX. DIVISIONAL ASSIGNMENT (Civil L.R.3-2)


"Xt

o/oA

DArE

1210312012

SIGNATTJRE OF ATTORNEY OF RECORD

2
a

4
5

DURIE TANGRI LLP MTCHAEL H. PAGE (SBN 154913) mpage@durietangri, com JOSHUA H. LERNER (SBN 22075s) jlerner@durietangri.com 217 Leidesdorff Street San Francisco, CA 94ll| Telephone: 415-362-6666

Facsimile: 415-236-6300
6 7
8

Attomeys for Defendant Twitter, Inc.

IN THE LTNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT


FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA

9 10
11

SAN FRANCISCO DIVISION


PeopleBrowsr, Inc., and PeopleBrowsr Pty., Ltd.,
Case No.

12
T3

Plaintiffs,
v.

NOTICE OF REMOVAL OF'ACTION: UNDER 28 U.S.C. $ 1441(A) (FEDERAL QUESTION)

t4

Twitter,Inc.
Defendant.

l5
16

I7
18

t9
20

2l
22
23

24
25

26

27
28

NOTTCE OF REMOVAL OF ACTION: UNDER2S U.S.C. $ 1441(A) (FEDERAL QUESTION) CASE NO.

TO THE CLERK OF THE ABOVE-ENTITLED COURT: PLEASE TAKE NOTICE that Defendant Twitter, Inc. ("Twitter") hereby removes to this
Court the state court action described below.
On November

2
a J

4
5

27,2012 anaction was filed in the Superior Court of the State of

California in and for the County of San Francisco entitled PeopleBrowsr, Inc., and
PeopleBrowsr Pty.,Ltd. (collectively "PeopleBrowsr") v. Twitter as case number CGC-12526393, attached hereto as Exhibit A. On Novemb er 27,2012, Defendant was served

6 7
8

with

a copy of said complaint and

9 10
11

swnmons from the said state court, together with applications for Temporary Restraining Order
and expedited discovery.

A copy of the srmrmons is attached hereto as Exhibit B. The balance

of the Superior Court case file is attached hereto as Exhibit C.

12
13

JURISDICTION
This action is a civil action of which this Court has original and exclusive jurisdiction

t4
15

under the Sherman

Act,

15 U.S.C. Section 4, and is one which may be removed to this Court by

Defendant pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. Sections 1331 and I44l(a) in that it arises under federal antitrust law.

16

t7
18

II.

INTRADISTRICT ASSIGNMENT
As this action arose in the City and County of San Francisco, assignment to the San

t9
20

Francisco Division of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California is propef.

2l
22
23

III.

PEOPLEBROWSR'S COMPLAINT AND TRO PAPERS REVEAL THAT ITS SECTION I72OO CLAIM IS BASED ON FEDERAL ANTITRUST LAW
PeopleBrowsr's Complaint purports to state four causes of action: intentional

24
25

interference with contractual relations, intentional interference with prospective economic


advantage, promissory estoppels, and violations of California Business

& Professions Code

26 27 z8

Section 17200 et seq. ("Section 17200"). PeopleBrowsr alleges, inter alia, that Twitter violates
the "unfair acts" prong of Section 17200 by "committing acts of unfair competition that

significantly threaten or harm competition. Twitter is the dominant player in the market for realNOTICE OF REMOVAL OF ACTION:LINDER28 U.S.C. $ 1441(A) (FEDERAL QUES TroN) CASE NO

time, public micro-blog data in the United States . . . . Twitter is using its exclusive control over
2
J

its data to gain control of the Twitter Big Data Analytics market . . . Twitter's actions are
unreasonable and anticompetitive." Compl. T'll 155-158. Those allegations, which form the sole basis for PeopleBrowsr's claims under the "unfair acts" prong of Section 17200, state a

4
5

claim-

if

at

all-under Section 2 of the Sherman Act, over which the Federal Courts

have exclusive

6 7

jurisdiction.
Because PeopleBrowsr's Section 17200 claim arises under federal antitrust law,

it

is

I
9

necessarily federal in character, and presents substantial, disputed questions offederal antitrust

law.

See, e.g., Salvesonv.

Il.

States Bankcard Ass'n,731 F.2d 1423,1430 (9th Cir. 1984),

10
11

superseded by statute on unrelated grounds, Ethridge v. Harbor House Rest.,861 F.2d 1389 (9th

Cir. 1981); Sparta Surgicl Corp. v. National Ass'n of Sec. Dealers, Inc.,159 F.3d 1209 (9th Cir.
199S). In particular, the artful pleading doctrine prevents a plaintiff from trying to avoid federal

12

t3

jurisdiction by failing to plead necessary federal questions in

complaint.

See

Franchise Tx

t4
15

Bd. of Cal. v. Constr. Laborers Vacation Trust r S. Ca1.,463 U.S. 1, 13, 103 S. Ct. 284I,2848, 77 L.d,2d420 (1983); see also Rains v. Criterion Sys,, Inc.,80 F.3d 339 (9th Cir. 1996)

16 17
18

("Even where, as here, state law creates the cause of action, and no federal law completely
preempts it, federal jurisdiction may still lie

if

it

appears that some substantial, disputed question

of federal law is a necessary element of one of the well-pleaded state claims."') (citation
omitted).

t9
20

ry.

2l
22 23 24 25

THE ALLEGATIONS IN PEOPLEBRO\rySR'S COMPLAINT ESTABLISH THAT THIS MATTER SHOULD BE REMOVED TO FEDERAL COURT.

"[A]ny civil action brought in


States have original

a State court of which the district courts of the United

jurisdiction, may be removed by the defendant or the defendants, to the

district court of the United States for the district and division embracing the place where such
action is pending." 28 USC $ 1aa1(a). "The several district courts of the United States are invested with jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of sections I to 7 of ' the Sherman

26
27 28

Act.

15 U.S.C. $ 4.

NOTICE OF REMOVAL OF ACTION:UNDER23 U.S.C. $ 1441(A) (FEDERAL QUESTION)


CASE NO.

V.

CONCLUSION
For the reasons stated above, this matter is properly removed to federal court, w

2 J

exclusive jurisdiction.

Dated: December 3,2012


5

DURIE TANG

6 7
8

By:

CHAEL H. PAGE JOSHUA H. LERNER


Attorneys for Defendant

Twitter.Inc.

l0
11

12
13

t4
15

t6 t7

l8
19

20

2l
22
23

24
25

26 27
28
J

NOTICE OF REMOVAL OF ACTION:UNDER28 U.S.C. $ 1441(A) (FEDERAL QUESTTON)


CASE NO.

I
2
J

4
5

DURIE TANGRI LLP MTCHAEL H. PAGE (SBN 1s4913) mpage@durietangri. com JOSHUA H. LERNER (SBN 2207s5) j lerner@durietangri.com 217 Leidesdorff Street San Francisco, CA 94lll Telephone: 415-362'6666 Facsimile: 415-236-6300 Attorneys for Defendant Twitter,Inc.

6
7
8

IN THE LINITED STATES DISTRICT COURT


FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA SAN FRANCISCO DIVISION
PeopleBrowsr, Inc., and PeopleBrowsr Pty., Ltd.,
Case No.

9
10
11

T2 13

Plaintiffs, v Twitter,Inc.
Defendant.

PROOF OF'SERVICE

t4
15 16

t7
18 19

20

2l
22
23

24
25 26

27
28

PROOF OF SERVICE / CASE NO.

I
2
J

PROOF'OF SERVICE I am a citizen of the United States and resident of the State of California. I am employed
in San Francisco County, State of California, in the office of
a member

of the bar of this Court, at

4
5

whose direction the service was made. I am over the age of eighteen years, and not apafty to the

within action. My business address is2I7 Leidesdorff Street, San Francisco, CA

94lll.

6 7

On December 3, 2012,I served the following documents in the manner described below:

I
9 10
11

O o o fil r-'a-t

CIVIL COVER SHEET;


NOTICE OF REMOVAL OF ACTION: UNDER 28 U.S.C. $ 1441(A) (FEDERL QUESTION); and
PROOF OF SERVICE (BY U.S. MAIL) I am personally and readily familiar with the business practice f Durie Tangri fl-p fortollection and processing of correspondence for mailing with the Unitd States Postal Service, and I caused such envelope(s) with postage thereon fully prepaid to be placed in the United States Postal Service at San Francisco, California. (BY MESSENGER SERVICE) b-y cogigling the document(s) to an authorized courier and/or process server for hand delivery on this date. (BY FACSIMILE) I am personally and readily familiar with the business practice of Durie Tangri LLp for collection and processing of document(s) to be transmitted by facsimile and I caused such document(s) on this date to be transmitted by facsimile to the offices of addressee(s) at the numbers listed below.

t2
13 T4 15

t] f-l

I6

l7
18

tl

t9
20
2T

(BY OVERNIGHT MAIL) I am personally and readily familiar with the business practice of Durie Tangri LLp for collection and processing of correspondence for overnight delivery, and I caused such document(s) described herein to be deposited for delivery to a facility regularly maintained by Federal Express for ovemight delivery. BY ELECTRONIC SERVICE: By electronically mailing a true and correct copy through Durie Tangri's electronic mail system from jposada@durietangri.com to the email addresses set forth below.
1BY PERSONAL DELIVERY) I caused such envelope to be delivered by hand to the offices of each addressee below.

m t]

22
23

24
25

26
27 28

PROOF OF SERVICE / CASE NO.

On the following part(ies) in this action:

2
J

4
5

CROWELL & MORING LLP .com) Michael Kahn .com) Gregory D Theresa A. rd Floor 275 Battery Street, San Francisco, CA 94ITT
Telephone: 4 1 5.986.2800 Facsimile: 41 5.986.2827

6 7
8

CROWELL & MOzuNG LLP Kathleen Balderrama (kbaldenama@crowell.com) 515 South Flower St., 40th Floor Los Angeles, CA 9007I
Telephone: 213.622.47 50 Facsimile: 213 .622.2690

9 10
11

Attorneys for Plaintiffs Peoplelirowsr, Pty., Ltd., PeopleBrowsr, Inc

12
13

I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America that the
foregoing is true and correct. Executed on December 3,2012, at San Francisco, California.

t4
15

t6
17 18 19

Posada

20

2I
22
23

24
25 26 27 28
2

PROOF OF SERVICE / CASE NO