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PUBLISHER : www.bg.pg.gda.pl/pmr.html
PUBLISHER :
www.bg.pg.gda.pl/pmr.html
PUBLISHER : www.bg.pg.gda.pl/pmr.html CONTENTS

CONTENTS

PUBLISHER : www.bg.pg.gda.pl/pmr.html CONTENTS

3

3

3

3

σ = ∑ = ⋅ + ∑ = ⋅ ⋅ 4

σ = ∑ = ⋅ + ∑ = ⋅ ⋅ 4

σ = ∑ = ⋅ + ∑ = ⋅ ⋅ 4

σ =

=

+

=

σ =

σ σ

+

σ σ

σ = σ σ + ⋅ σ σ σ = 5

 

σ = σ σ + ⋅ σ σ σ = 5

σ =

 

6

∆ = − − = 7

∆ = − − = 7

∆ = − − = 7

∆ = − − = 7

∆ = − − = 7

= −

=

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

τ

ωτ τ

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

∞ ∫ τ ωτ τ 8

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

 

 

 

 

9

9

9

 

 

 

 

 

Φ Φ

Φ Φ 10

-
-
12

12

′ ′ ′ 13
′ ′ ′ 13

′ ′ ′ 13

′ ′ ′ 13

′ ′ ′ 13

′ ′ ′ 13

= 14

= 14

= 14

= 14

=

 

=

 

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ

Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ
Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ

Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ

Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ

Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ

Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ

Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ

Φ Φ Φ µ = µ = = Φ Φ + Φ Φ Φ Φ
Φ
Φ
Φ
µ =
µ =
=
Φ
Φ
+
Φ Φ
Φ
Φ
ω =
=
ω =
=
Φ
Φ
+
Φ Φ
Φ
ϕ ϕ
γ =
γ = ξ
Φ Φ
ϕ
ϕ
ϕ
β =
β = γ
Φ
Φ
Φ
Φ
=
=
ϕ
Φ

′ − ϕ ϕ ′ = + ′ = + β γ Φ Φ ′
′ −
ϕ
ϕ
′ =
+
′ = + β
γ
Φ
Φ
′′ =
′′ =
ϕ
ϕ
γ
   
   
Φ
Φ
+
′′′ =
′′′ =
+
ξ
Φ
Φ
ϕ
=
ϕ
=
′ − ϕ ϕ ′ = + ′ = + β γ Φ Φ ′
′ − ϕ ϕ ′ = + ′ = + β γ Φ Φ ′
′ − ϕ ϕ ′ = + ′ = + β γ Φ Φ ′
′ − ϕ ϕ ′ = + ′ = + β γ Φ Φ ′

′ − ϕ ϕ ′ = + ′ = + β γ Φ Φ ′

′ − ϕ ϕ ′ = + ′ = + β γ Φ Φ ′

′ − ϕ ϕ ′ = + ′ = + β γ Φ Φ ′

18

18

18

18

19

 

σ () = + () =  +    ∑    

σ () = + () =  +    ∑    

σ

()

=

+

()

=

+ 

 

   

   −

    ≤
 

        −

 

 +

 

=

σ

(

)

( )

=

() ()

+

( )

=

( )

(

)

( )

(

)

(