SIPRI Military Expenditure Database

© SIPRI 2011

The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database includes data for 170 countries for the period 1988-2010.*
For information on the sources and methods for SIPRI data, including methods for calculating calendar year
data from financial year data, for calculating constant price US$ figures, and for estimating missing data for
countries as part of the world and regional totals, see
http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/milex/resultoutput/sources_methods.
This workbook includes the following worksheets:
1) Estimates of world, regional and subregional totals in constant (2009) US$ (billions), and in current (2010)
US$b. for 2010.
2) Data for military expenditure by country in current price local currency, presented according to each
country's financial year.
3) Data for military expenditure by country in current price local currency, presented according to calendar
year.
4) Data for military expenditure by country in constant price US$ (millions), presented according to calendar
year, and in current (2010) US$m. for 2010.
5) Data for military expenditure by country as a share of GDP, presented according to calendar year.
6) Indicators of 'bracketing' for each country-year, indicating when a figure is considered highly uncertain or
where it is a SIPRI estimate. This sheet also gives indicators of footnotes and other special notes for each
country.
7) List of footnotes by country.
*In addition, the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen is listed, although no data is currently available
for this country.

Click on the buttons below to see the data.

World and regional
totals

Local currency,
financial years

Local currency,
calendar years

Brackets and
indicators

Constant (2009)
US$

Share of GDP

Footnotes

The information in this document is the intellectual property of SIPRI. Under SIPRI's "fair use" policy, the data may be free ly used for
non-commercial purposes , including research, news reporting, comment, the production of educational materials that are not sold
commercially, etc., provided that a) SIPRI is cited as the source of the data, with the citation: "SIPRI Military Expenditure Database 2011,
http://milexdata.sipri.org" and b) no more than 10% of the entire dataset is reproduced.
Any commercial use of the data (whether more or less than 10% of the dataset), or any reproduction of more than 10% of the en tire
dataset, requires specific permission from SIPRI, for which a fee will normally be charged based on the cost of generating th e data.
Contact milex@sipri.org for further information.
For the purpose of the above, 10% of the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database is defined to consist of 1,000 individual units of data, where a unit of data consists of a
figure for military expenditure for one country in one year either in local currency at current prices (financial or calendar year), constant (2009) US$, current (2010) US$,
or as a share of GDP, in each case together with relevant information contained in the bracketing, special note indicators an d footnotes for that country and year; or an
estimate of a world or regional total in constant (2009) US$ or current (2010) US$, together with the information contained i n any bracketing for that figure.

Military expenditure by region in constant US dollars, 1988–2010

Figures are in US$ b., at constant 2009 prices and exchange rates, except for the last figure which is in US$ b.
All world totals and most regional totals include estimates for at least one country.
Figures do not always add up to totals because of the conventions of rounding.
Figures in round brackets indicate that more than 10% of the total figure consists of estimates for countries fo
The symbol ". ." indicates that data is unavailable, or that the world or regional estimate is considered too unc
The symbol "xxx" indicates that none of the countries in the relevant sub-region (Central Asia) were indpenden

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1441

1413

1339

..

1108

1069

13.9
3
10.6

14.2
4
10.7

14.6
4
11.1

13.0
4
9.4

12.0
4
8.0

14.3
4
10.1

583
549
2.8
31.2

577
543
2.9
30.7

547
520
3.0
24.4

481
457
3.2
20.6

507
482
3.5
21.1

487
458
3.6
25.5

119
xxx
88.4
18.3
12.6

124
xxx
92.4
19.2
12.3

128
xxx
96.8
19.3
12.3

131
xxx
100.0
18.7
12.4

139
0.9
107
18.5
12.6

142
0.9
108
20.3
13.0

Western Europe
Eastern Europe
Central Europe

673
317
296
59.5

648
318
275
..

579
320
233
26.5

..
317
..
19.6

388
306
59.1
23.1

368
296
52.5
19.0

Middle East

52.3

49.6

70.0

79.0

62.5

57.8

World total
Geographical regions

Africa
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa

Americas
North America
Central America & the Caribbean
South America

Asia and Oceania
Central Asia
East Asia
South Asia
Oceania

Europe

Front page

NB: Many of the figures given here differ from those published i
2011. This is because the figures shown here exclude a number
the Yearbook estimates, but for which insufficient data exists to
estimates for the whole period 1988-2010. The excluded countr
Honduras, Iraq, Qatar and Vietnam. The estimates both here an
exclude the following countries: Cuba, Equitorial Guinea, Guyan
Myanmar, Somalia, Trinidad & Tobago, Yemen (South), Yugoslav
Zimbabwe. This is due either to data being missing for too many
estimates, or to an absence of economic data to enable conversi
US$.

last figure which is in US$ b. at 2010 prices and exchange rates.

of estimates for countries for which data is missing.
timate is considered too uncertain to be reliable.
Central Asia) were indpendent at this time.

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

1035

983

961

973

962

980

1017

1039

1102

13.7
5
9.1

12.8
4
8.5

12.4
4.6
7.9

12.9
5.0
7.9

13.7
5.2
8.5

19.0
4.9
14.2

17.0
4.9
12.1

17.4
6.2
11.2

18.4
6.3
12.1

461
430
4.3
26.5

442
407
3.7
31.7

418
384
3.8
29.8

417
382
3.9
32.0

409
374
4.0
31.7

411
375
4.2
31.8

428
389
4.4
35.2

435
392
4.5
38.7

482
439
4.4
38.3

143
0.7
108
20.5
13.2

145
0.6
110
21.5
12.8

150
0.7
115
21.8
12.7

154
0.8
117
23.2
12.9

156
0.7
118
24.0
13.4

161
0.7
120
26.9
14.0

165
0.7
122
28.0
14.0

176
0.8
131
28.8
14.5

185
0.9
140
28.8
15.0

361
288
52.4
20.2

330
278
32.0
20.2

328
280
28.4
19.8

331
279
31.7
20.4

320
280
20.9
19.5

326
286
21.4
19.0

335
287
28.8
19.1

336
285
31.4
19.8

347
292
34.8
20.2

56.7

52.7

52.3

57.4

62.2

62.1

71.3

74.7

70.3

er from those published in the SIPRI Yearbook
wn here exclude a number of countries included in
insufficient data exists to make meaningful
010. The excluded countries are: Afghanistan,
he estimates both here and in the Yearbook also
Equitorial Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, North Korea,
Yemen (South), Yugoslavia (former) and
eing missing for too many years to make meaningful
ic data to enable conversion to constant (2009)

1 20.2 25.5 21. .4 745 688 5.5 10.6 17.8 93 97 98.1 28.2 692 637 5.5 537 498 4.6 20.0 22.3 6.1 626 577 4.2 387 306 59.0 147 29.3 14.9 214 1.8 25.1 23.3 378 297 58.5 354 289 43.6 21.0 367 291 53.5 44.9 23.7 17.2 8.2 41.3 161 35.0 15.4 18.4 288 314 222 42.4 7.5 11.2 16.6 54.0 197 39.2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2010 (current prices 1172 1237 1288 1328 1375 1446 1540 1559 1620 18.1 10.4 14.8 767. .6 19.1 10 17.7 77.3 5.5 51.4 258 2.3 237 49.3 204 1.1 21.4 361 291 48.0 .6 353 293 39.5 20.5 22.2 153 33.9 96.0 46.8 791 721 6.5 172 35.0 284 2.0 187 36.1 22.8 21.0 20. 218 43.6 9.2 91.5 382 295 65.2 63.1 49.1 583 542 3.4 227 1.9 37.7 351 293 37.4 613 568 4.4 16.9 30.3 244 2.2 35.7 707.6 15.6 15.5 7.3 7.4 85..9 72.4 376 297 59.2 27.2 20.8 20.1 13.6 19.3 193 1.6 104 .3 644 593 5.

2010 (current prices) .

. dollars April b. 7530 8408 200 222 . CFA francsJanuary m. 1. . xxx .1 216 17. . in local currency.. nakfa January m.6 123 5385 75. .. escudos January m.6 6. .. birr July b.1 14. CFA francsJanuary m.2 41. francs Special. CFA francs January m.2 2. Countries are grouped by region and All data are expressed in the most recent currency for each country.1 6. 17. CFA francsJanuary m. CFA francs January m. Chad Congo Congo...7 66. . see notes Tunisia Sub-Saharan Angola m... .5 ..8 9.Military expenditure by country. "xxx" = country did not exist or was not independent during all or part of the year in Country Africa Currency Financial year start North Africa Algeria Libya b.4 0. maloti April m. francs January m. .. ouguiyas January m.0 48. pula April b.2 5520 . xxx 1494 . meticais January m. Rep. . . CFA francs January b./b.3 . shillings July m. francs January b... . CFA francs January m.2 73 33. CFA francs January m. Côte d’Ivoire Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda b. ". kwacha April b. . rupees July m.3 3. 9. francs January m. see notes m.2 120 58.5 . francs January b. 4021 44. .3 3.7 9. dollars July b. 38.5 . . ariary January m.9 0.7 3. CFA francs January m. 11 182 14 4. kwanzasJanuary 1988 1989 6. .. CFA francs January b." = data unavailable. Dem. dirhams Special.5 366 . cedis January b. . . CFA francs January b.3 53. . 1988-2010 Figures are in local currency at current prices and are for financial years..9 1. dalasis January m. CFA francsJanuary b.1 26.. .. naira January b.5 xxx .. xxx . dinars January January Morocco m.. .1 14. dinars m. dinars January Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Rep.4 5525 1741 23.8 45.

CFA francsJanuary Uganda b.2 0. 103 . shillings January South Africa m.. rand April Sudan m. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Asia & Oceania Central Asia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan b.8 327 10 .3 0..4 230 7918 8952 1. 102 . lempiras January Jamaica m. dollars January Paraguay b. pesos January Dominican Rep. emalangeniApril Tanzania b. guaranies January Peru m. colones January Cuba m. bolivianos January Brazil m.. pesos January Nicaragua m.. rupees January Sierra Leone m. .1 13354 41.7 0.. US dollar January Guatemala m. .6 . . m.8 14. som m. ... córdobas January Panama m. somoni b.9 Americas Central America and the Caribbean Belize m. pesos January Colombia b.. dollars April Mexico m. sum January January January January January . dollars October South America Argentina m. 20. leones January Somalia m. gourdes April Honduras m. kwacha January Zimbabwe SEE FOOTNOTE m.8 0 1377 440 106 364 11. shillings July Togo m. reais January Chile b. tenge m.1 2. dollars April Costa Rica m..1 12834 21.3 0. balboas January Trinidad & Tobago m... . dollars January 29.. nuevos soles January Uruguay m. 298 352 198 83.7 . . . manat b.2 153 . pesos January El Salvador m. quetzales January Haiti m.6 577 4200 9685 26. US dollars January Guyana m.9 309 496 189 124 55. dollars April USA m.6 65.3 0 1274 375 88. 78 . 12336 293093 12854 304085 1. bolivares fuerte January 8. 180 2713 2133 . pesos January Ecuador m. 8.. shillings July Zambia b. pesos January Venezuela m. pounds January Swaziland m.6 16. pesos January Bolivia m.7 30.5 73.8 267 . CFA francs January Seychelles m..Senegal b.6 45. Dollars October North America Canada m.

rupees m. see notes January January Special. Czechoslovakia Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia German DR m. dong Special. takas b.6 4.3 1673 40. won b. manats b. dollars b.5 2047 . 1275 34351 . dollars July dollars January dollars July kina January US dollars Special. kunas m. 1936 3700 3863 5952 . euros m.5 7642 35. marka m. euros m.7 xxx 194 xxx 207 xxx 29236 15620 xxx 43784 15963 xxx 1199 32788 xxx xxx 21647 . R. roubles m. rupees b. leva m. Indonesia Japan Korea.3 5. P. dollars b.8 44 2136 3920 4060 6485 . yen m. m. 359 2.. kip m. koruny m. afghanis m.. riel b.1 1349 45. rupees January July April July July January m. rupees b. marks January January January January January January January January January January January January January January January January January January xxx xxx 1538 xxx xxx 1561 xxx xxx 3734 xxx .7 792 . North Korea. xxx 3791 xxx 1. euros m. m.3 13051 2837 211 48. m.. dollars b. leks b..6 xxx 955 965 Europe Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. m. lari m. ringgit m. see notes April January January January January January April January April January January January m. 2241 900 1.. kyats m. South Laos Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Taiwan Thailand Viet Nam South Asia Afghanistan Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Oceania Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea Timor Leste m. baht b.3 11080 175 1077 52. krooni m. .8 12356 2492 188 44. drams m.5 363 4. tugriks b. korunas m. yuan b. 10045 162 899 49.. pesos m. euros m. kroner m. won b. rupiah b. see notes 2761 850 4. .1 xxx 8292 43.East Asia Brunei Cambodia China. euros m.

6 . lei January m. Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey UK Ukraine Yugoslavia (former) m.. 74 3926 648 .. 47. litai January m. 6030 .3 xxx xxx 17. francs January m. . rials April b. . 5533 . dinars January 70 3873 539 .. dinars January m.. 11029 220 643 . 32302 1220 53. 601 . pounds January m. euros January b.2 xxx 17. 5550 32447 5042 7..138 xxx xxx xxx 6158 20248 215 1144 3. riyals January b. euros January m. . kroner January m. denars January m. . zlotys January m.Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia. North Yemen.8 19290 xxx .7 0. .1 . liras January m.4 xxx 74.8 15. dinars January m. krónur January m. 50. lats January m.1 13. 332 13190 xxx xxx 344 14121 xxx xxx 78. kronor January m. 10918 220 577 16. pounds January m. euros January m. .134 xxx xxx xxx 5021 30131 4794 3. rials January m. FYR Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Serbia Slovak Rep. euros January m. euros January m. riyals January m.2 20868 xxx 6113 Middle East Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE Yemen Yemen. euros January m. rials January m. forint January m.. hryvnias January m.. dinars January m. new lei January b. new shekels January m. roubles January m.5 . new dinarsJanuary 31515 1145 54. .8 0. pounds July b. euros January m. . pounds April m.. riyals January b. dirhams January b. euros January m. euros January m. euros January m.8 .2 . dinars January m.3 xxx xxx 6035 18865 74 968 3. dinars April b. South m. euros January m. euros January m. 589 .

.8 .9 .8 3.. . . 40.9 2.. .. . . 8817 .010 ountries are grouped by region and subregion..1 5521 750 .6 281 5935 15.. 473 14.5 .5 4359 .2 . 21. 2.3 .1 5910 70 28. 3..9 15.. 462 15.8 477 6496 12. .7 12.2 224 407 294 8.2 172 26. 2. 381 15.2 354 27.4 23.9 . .6 226 440 207 9..6 37.9 159 22. . 615 9039 134 .7 1.9 352 6239 15. 770 10472 118 .6 513 .7 ..8 23.1 3..3 11. 46.1 8.. 16. 359 16.. 22..6 1.8 52..2 .1 46.6 56. 968 835 . 11640 12564 18420 12946 218 241 256 277 301 324 387 0. . . 3.. ..3 .. 23.. 452 13....8 50. ... 42.. .2 8. . 316 19 6. .3 14.7 66.8 46...1 .0 5.7 15.2 10..6 8..4 180 150 353 ..3 66.7 .4 62. 23.8 50.4 12. 5458 1321 439 737 .4 14..6 200 230 188 .5 ..5 56. 3.8 44. . .8 48.5 118 16. .5 8..8 50. ...2 41.7 7. ..3 .0 11..8 21..9 6093 . Front page ent during all or part of the year in question.2 0. ..7 42 5406 67..5 . .. .9 . .2 153 78. . . 10489 39..8 58. 400 6297 98. . xxx .2 . 21..7 .9 10. .9 4. 40.8 79. 539 889 .0 14..4 22. 9999 .. 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 8.6 . .2 7.1 10.2 14.9 ..1 5.4 469 15.6 5. 8. 6856 72..4 .0 29.6 20.5 54. 5262 1721 . 4648 71.2 5530 .0 .. ..9 6. xxx . . .6 99.2 176 103 362 .6 44. .5 5976 681 31. xxx 1509 41. .2 3.4 13.7 5647 ..7 7. 38. 6137 . ..5 3.3 220 5421 13..2 242 302 261 9. 771 772 . .7 . 33. . .

.6 .2 1 .9 41.5 1.8 4...1 21. 9458 13 64. ..3 5...5 12950 57..1 14100 116 42.1 1..7 0 300 ..3 82 0.4 14200 88.8 19.. 29. . 1564 102 693 22. 1717 94.0 67. .6 12083 133 116 59 153 45.7 806 24. .7 60..2 9. 10412 30 81.8 52.9 87.7 . .8 2.5 600 1101 211 453 148 798 1089 67. 130 47.2 13000 61.9 45. 928 6190 236 78.7 15.4 55.8 94.9 2809 518 7.7 28.1 .2 17.8 558 0.7 502 812 209 227 131 308 486 55.. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx . .3 ..2 3.1 13244 ... 11325 113 108 58.1 3.8 311 0.4 16.6 4792 . 1460 97 843 41.. 36.2 1369 .. .6 1.4 17119 . 203 3568 161 73.3 1.8 12..6 161 .0 10.2 400 658 202 142 76.. 1305 10996 265 96. 860 116 511 16.3 79.5 312 2384 502 0.31.4 16.2 29. 1806 96. .4 784 0 1681 15686 266 101 13473 306170 12830 280292 13111 305141 13293 297637 13008 288059 12457 278856 11511 271417 750 424 0. 744 7251 226 95.2 116 40.. .4 0 1160 .9 40. 825 9750 238 101 138 40.2 16 0 .4 .9 ..3 15..8 1..5 . 12580 47.3 699 4 158 6.2 16.3 9.2 0..9 0 ..9 13817 50. .3 23.1 15546 .2 18898 .8 0 . 34. 29..8 0 1380 529 111 505 14 .9 3276 573 221 693 1378 276 562 131 1347 1305 117 3751 627 5692 781 1618 291 759 158 1727 2791 138 3801 681 13140 866 2216 475 808 204 2256 2433 212 3378 750 14145 965 3122 419 780 204 2426 2985 306 12..7 3.5 11 0 1172 111 677 17.2 15400 .7 4. 10221 6.1 105 10081 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx . 11042 3. 299 4828 289 78.

.1 17306 3891 254 75.5 4951 4147 13. .6 6121 9547 23..9 68.7 1891 61.1 0.9 5565 6766 17.1 xxx 9594 45.1 15778 3523 239 62.9 4266 4684 4817 .5 4500 1184 9.8 17.0 30978 5878 292 102 .4 14544 3409 227 58. 424 31.4 49 2604 4159 4314 7156 .4 1239 54.2 3319 ..5 12937 199 1489 75...8 0. 405 301..3 16355 265 1877 91. .5 4552 4582 9067 72.1 1331 68 xxx 4698 4719 21..8 4184 228 23777 xxx 17390 174 1552 36771 . .1 53.5 15855 213 1724 87.9 3331. .419 12.9 1263 50.3 xxx 10488 48. 400 273 86.8 27493 5492 285 96.. 6 206 484 332 xxx 43037 .0895 .4 3256 990 ..1 21687 283 2001 105 21.2 3388 4641 4692 9935 75.7 23125 4347 270 87.0 13200 71 6091 11850 29. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 410 78. 378 120 73. 10863 81.. 11940 87.8 11.9 4292 .9 9748 251 27008 ..2 1874 58. .. xxx 1849 13..5 0. xxx 4010 0. .6 21477 327 2126 120 39.7 xxx 322 xxx 41900 16399 xxx 1377 35355 xxx xxx 2475 0.9 20002 4049 322 76.4 2.5 xxx .. xxx xxx 17129 68 1564 36416 ..3 1251 54. ..6 7.0275 3213 ..5 14.6 2.1 3251 4777 21. 1788 1. .64 3271 . 20.8 1380 60 xxx 10476 46.7 105 4792 4724 463 298 125 5695 4846 .0065 1709 0.3 2822 4386 4466 8061 .1 .0015 3293 1692 3915 . xxx 17896 499 1562 36188 85.4 8885 45. .6 xxx 9148 47.2 1320 65... 17091 1497 36730 . 11205 188 1151 64.1 3730 4323 888 6. 3043 592 5.4 4730 .4 xxx 10195 49.5 xxx 10211 49.7 3168 ..1 10777 231 28275 xxx 17293 327 1543 37574 38 10535 357 30509 xxx 17468 417 1402 36349 . 25.9 1179 56.1 24674 359 2358 127 42. xxx 1630 xxx xxx 3847 xxx 1. 4. 7.

. .. xxx .. 81.7 27.3 30.7 . 94. 89.1 xxx 33508 2027 70.22 319 128 5978 39772 5333 157 22490 301 xxx .5 36.7 25.4 .049 30159 2842 89.7 6308 23638 2564 1705 25. ..2 xxx xxx xxx 31459 2264 76... xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx . .4 6982 1707 18668 250 883 758 778 .8 ....6 18. 17388 295 2821 213 643 .7 .5 39.3 xxx xxx 29098 296 778 1156 737 . .34960 1486 58.7 xxx xxx xxx . . .3 17....2 xxx xxx . 5989 22813 8313 2001 270 82.9 xxx .9 .3 xxx 103 8267 3251 22830 285 1041 1071 779 .6 6624 947 596 18680 21 169 109 5223 28 70.4 109 7765 5265 24552 210 1163 1210 776 . .037 95.5 . 50..5 36. 6148 21313 1821 1525 10..4 xxx xxx 30144 2554 90. 12. 9. 61. xxx xxx xxx 5546 36516 5635 13. 94.2 5042 749 .485 3950 653 186 6560 41600 5240 612 22330 2680 . 490 15914 91. 16... 463 14464 xxx xxx .. 49.1 621 166 6483 40872 5493 303 21439 1542 xxx . 33530 1683 61.. . 80.5 5577 37381 5819 42. 5837 22224 6594 2013 200 63. 61.. 61. 19.3 32. .7 5946 22528 3847 1758 55 9..9 0.9 9..7 xxx xxx ..8 503 16715 12 90.2 .89 273 109 6340 39004 5336 77.0 41. xxx .123 ..2 ..3 7621 3542 22037 271 916 789 738 ..7 1. .7 98. ..2 5766 849 14070 214 4527 149 742 .3 22850 5693 37612 5760 23... 21.6 60 5895 24019 5117 1800 155 35.. 15.7 24380 ..9 22287 xxx 5180 . 28.4 538 16958 19 83.. 96....6 31.. 57... 15.. 473 15592 xxx xxx xxx 6132 21251 1464 1333 3.7 22686 6... .7 . ...9 xxx xxx 39.2 . 53.8 105 . . . 29998 3259 103 556 16300 23 122 104 24. .2 92..1 .9 ....

5909 .5 45. .5 83.6 1061 10182 137 ..2 443 11.9 23.2 63. 11.1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 101 577 112 675 122 535 142 556 162 496 167 575 171 700 13748 14008 13694 9129 16619 16254 17418 396 417 424 456 483 491 525 105 66..4 308 1422 994 14.8 76.2 26.5 23.5 30. . 12 .0 572 18.162 27.6 1305 22. .5 21...9 299 1267 935 14.8 13. .3 6. 4759 .. 43. .3 189 485 416 10.3 48.1 17.3 194 4435 17430 209 .0 775 21. 54.1 13.4 27 2901 . .8 75.5 25.7 988 43.... 85. . ..2 99. .6 698 36.1 50..7 1711 . 2220 3307 65 42.2 4.3 44. 1936 4336 . 16 . . 1884 2610 66 38. . . 2104 2341 66 45 29.2 171 4533 16258 199 ..8 52.9 24.3 75.9 1186 45...4 108 24..1 15. 56.6 .2 28.3 .1 1503 25.6 9.3 ..9 . 10580 159 ..9 19.5 92. 110 54.3 86.1 1451 24.3 2520 2452 63 57 46.8 1309 51.. 42. 4719 .9 446 32.7 239 722 714 14.8 38728 31908 124 7422 .05 253 843 617 14.0 812 19.5 461 31.9 698 41. . 2225 6842 40..0 6.3 270 1048 905 18.2 22.8 217 585 443 13 25.2 167 4362 19921 207 104 89.6 47 110 565 8729 23.8 . .7 41.5 27. .9 2977 5860 8.2 78..49 23.. . 4625 . 63.8 600 4746 . 42.9 35035 20.8 . .7 382 ...6 10788 225 .8 9.3 998 21.0 518 10..4 9.2 814 9. 4629 . 634 2190 .3 6786 14439 208 . 625 15..3 37.5 28374 .. .7 80.0 530 7445 23.3 55..6 16. 53. 18.

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xxx 1625 .9 1.2 137 79 513 . 4703 67. in local currency.. dinars m. unless otherwise stated. CFA francs m. . . 348 16.0 6. xxx . naira b. . pula b.8 46. CFA francs 1988 1989 6.2 29. 3. 1990 . 20. CFA francs m. . .0 25. ariary m. xxx 1. .4 25. . "xxx" = country did not exist or was not independent during all or part of the year in Country Africa North Africa Algeria Libya Morocco Tunisia Sub-Saharan Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Rep. rupees m.6 8. CFA francs m.5 1991 .9 14. 9.7 62. CFA francs m. 291 19.1 . . .0 171 14.0 366 . .2 63 34 xxx . 8... dinars m. .3 34.1 5279 71.. Rep. 5648 71. birr b.0 .6 0.3 66. cedis b. francs b.5 . 14. Dem. 2. Chad Congo Congo. ..0 12. . .5 0.. 4454 44..6 1095 .9 . francs m.2 164 103 400 2. .8 49." = data unavailable.. .0 31..7 66. 7530 200 . .2 97 59 . dirhams m.... ouguiyas m. . francs b.7 3.. kwacha b. .. dinars m.4 3. 9. meticais m. 8817 218 . ....3 3.7 5647 .3 ..4 14.2 8. 8408 222 10. 6093 39. 1.. francs b. CFA francs m. CFA francs m.7 14. . . 38.9 . 1988-2010 Figures are in local currency at current prices and are for calendar years.. . 41.. Countries ar All data are expressed in the most recent currency for each country.2 ...2 5530 1618 40. ".4 5525 9999 241 . CFA francs m.6 6.3 51.8 50. .2 . francs m.3 3. 123 . 6.2 5520 .0 4. CFA francs m.. ..4 . xxx .3 30. .9 . 11.. CFA francs b./b. kwanzas b. Côte d’Ivoire Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Senegal Currency b.1 11. dalasis m.8 29.4 13.. .Military expenditure by country. shillings m. CFA francs b.3 0..1 . . . maloti m.0 46.5 54.3 14.1 207 17.. CFA francs b. dollars b. xxx 1273 .2 2.2 7..5 . . .. dollars b. CFA francs b. nakfa m. escudos m.. 27. ..9 .8 9. .

pounds Swaziland m.3 0. . gourdes Honduras m.. ..7 0 1377 440 106 364 11 9. ..2 15.5 0 1160 860 116 511 16 Americas Central America and the Caribbean Belize m..8 267 750 424 0.2 2..8 10703 3.8 7.. . quetzales Haiti m.. pesos Dominican Rep.6 45.7 73.. US dollars Guyana m.6 1.7 12950 54.2 23.2 153 .. 2133 .7 0. dollars 65. manat b. 275 4828 289 78.0 10426 6.8 327 10 .9 37. balboas Trinidad & Tobago m. 197 3568 161 73.5 312 2384 502 0. sum xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx . 78 .7 502 812 209 227 131 308 486 56 . pesos Venezuela m. 25. 9502 79.6 17.1 13354 31.1 12834 15. . rand Sudan m.9 4.1 .Seychelles m.7 . kwacha Zimbabwe SEE FOOTNOTE m.. . dollars Paraguay b... bolivianos Brazil m. 12181 293093 12725 304085 13318 306170 12991 280292 1.0 5. pesos Nicaragua m..2 1369 87.5 0 1380 529 111 505 13 9. 103 .9 44. ..6 577 4200 . . emalangeni Tanzania b. lempiras Jamaica m. .. 298 352 198 84 309 496 189 124 55 0.2 400 658 202 142 77 4. m. 135 2713 . córdobas Panama m. rupees Sierra Leone m. guaranies Peru m.2 0 1274 375 88. somoni b. colones Cuba m.0 13817 45. .6 4792 .. som m. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Asia & Oceania Central Asia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan East Asia b. dollars Mexico m..1 0... pesos Colombia b. 19. dollars North America Canada m.2 1. shillings Togo m. pesos El Salvador m. CFA francs Uganda b. tenge m. 102 .. nuevos soles Uruguay m. dollars USA m. . shillings Zambia b. dollars South America Argentina m.1 8. US dollar Guatemala m. bolivares fuerte 6. pesos Bolivia m. pesos Ecuador m. leones Somalia m.6 . reais Chile b. dollars Costa Rica m. shillings South Africa m.4 230 7918 8396 1.

rupees b. kyats m. P. dong m.7 xxx 194 xxx xxx 207 xxx 29236 15620 xxx xxx 43784 15963 xxx 1199 32788 xxx xxx xxx 21647 . koruny m. 424 31. m.6 12356 2427 174 44. . . xxx 1630 xxx xxx 3847 xxx 1. 3043 592 5. R. euros m.1 1349 45. dollars b.9 1292 50. manats b.2 3319 .. euros m. South Laos Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Taiwan Thailand Viet Nam South Asia Afghanistan Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Oceania Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea Timor Leste m. 1913 3655 3863 5952 . Indonesia Japan Korea.2 1334 65.4 49.1 7967 43. .3 2768 4329 4466 8061 . won b. 9104 152 834 47.7 792 . 2241 900 1. dollars b..5 12071 196 1320 70.1 53. rupiah b.6 9017 47. ringgit m. North Korea. marks m. rupees m.2 14544 3266 219 58.7 13051 2751 199 48. leks b.. yen m.9 4292 ..3 10563 172 988 51. xxx xxx xxx 3791 xxx xxx 1. 4323 888 5. 419 12.5 363 4. euros m. drams m. 2761 850 3. yuan b. lari m. krooni m.2 11. 31515 xxx 1275 34351 xxx xxx 32302 990 .8 44. afghanis m. pesos m. roubles m. rupees b. kunas m. m.5 11143 184 1114 58.3 5. leva m. riel b.. rupees m.0 2086 3865 4060 6485 .. Czechoslovakia Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia German DR Germany m.7 xxx 322 xxx 41900 16399 xxx 1377 35355 xxx xxx 34960 1692 3915 4.5 2047 . kip m.6 7. won b. euros m.3 1310 40. euros 955 xxx 965 xxx 1538 xxx xxx 1561 xxx xxx 3734 xxx .. euros m..9 15778 3495 233 62. m. m.. kroner m. takas b.5 7470 35..0 2487 4099 4314 7156 . baht b. tugriks b.1 xxx xxx xxx xxx Europe Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep.Brunei Cambodia China. marka m. korunas m. dollars dollars dollars kina dollars 359 2.1 332 43037 17091 1497 36730 33530 . dollars b.6 8589 45.0 4.

pounds m. Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey UK Ukraine Yugoslavia (former) m. roubles m. lats m..7 0. . lei m.4 xxx 74.5 . dinars m. pounds b.. denars m. zlotys m. North Yemen. . euros m.2 .7 6158 20248 215 1144 3. francs m.13 5021 30131 4794 3. hryvnias m. xxx xxx xxx 5550 32447 5042 7. xxx 12.8 19285 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 473 15592 80..2 .9 21932 xxx 5180 . euros m.9 0. 13310 214 2585 149 742 ..4 xxx xxx 6132 21251 1464 1333 3. xxx xxx xxx 1683 61.12 . . krónur m...2 5404 824 20906 295 3674 213 643 .2 xxx 15.2 . riyals m. pounds m. rials m...1 13.3 xxx xxx xxx xxx . 61. litai m. 10811 220 476 16 .. 5533 .3 xxx xxx . dinars m..0 3900 621 . . 589 . new shekels m. South m.. 332 13190 xxx xxx . euros m. dinars m. dirhams b. new lei b. rials b. euros m. 1220 53.7 23857 Middle East Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE Yemen Yemen..5 5693 37612 5760 23. riyals b.14 .2 4484 724 . 89. FYR Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Serbia Slovak Rep. 6148 21313 1821 1525 10.8 0. 47.2 20474 xxx 91. new dinars 1145 54. 11001 220 610 601 .. 81. forint m. dinars 70. . . xxx xxx xxx 5546 36516 5635 13.4 xxx 6113 16. .3 30. euros m. euros b. euros m. .2 17.8 15. .1 463 14464 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 1486 58. liras m. 61. 344 14121 xxx xxx 78. .6 . kronor m. riyals b. euros m.7 6030 . kroner m.8 .. euros m. 9. . pounds m. koruny m. 50. 74. .Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia. rials m.3 6035 18865 74 968 3. dinars b.. euros m. .3 17. dinars m.0 3989 404 .1 17..

.4 178 150 355 .2 14. 46. 3.0 5.2 26. 12280 324 458 13.0 25.. 4746 .5 281 5935 15.4 .3 2.5 . 467 15.3 ..1 8.. Countries are grouped by region and subregion. .3 6...4 12. 12.4 59. 5458 1321 439 813 . 615 7668 125 .8 . .7 1996 .7 36.8 40..6 190 230 229 .1 6.1 5.4 .3 43 . .0 443 . 771 754 .3 48.5 434 31.4 30..6 9. 27. .6 .2 234 302 248 9.. 45 52.3 .8 .5 7.9 .7 8.8 50. .7 15.8 352 6239 .9 450 32.. 53.. 42.. 105 ..2 4. 54.1 5521 539 819 716 .2 233 407 286 8. 4719 .1 17.. . .3 41..6 .6 52. 40..2 3. 38.0 11.3 382 . 634 1512 . 1995 46.9 29. 15.3 .. Front page ll or part of the year in question. 5262 1721 ...2 .8 22...9 23.7 ..3 55.0 . . 41.0 14.6 44.3 81. 42.8 .3 586 15.wise stated. 460 15. 400 6577 91.8 203 585 436 13.5 113 16..9 15.8 69.6 40.9 . 1936 3263 .... .7 477 6496 12.6 213 440 202 9. 58.. 43.8 .0 1997 1998 79. .. . 10489 256 .5 56.8 3. xxx .4 22. 770 9756 122 .0 .9 10. 23. 110 54..5 4359 ..7 7.4 14.5 101 577 13347 396 112 675 13878 417 12613 387 0.8 . 23. 16..8 47.9 34.3 206 485 386 10.2 44.. . 12564 301 450 14. .2 3.9 6131 71.2 169 26.6 220 5421 13.8 39.5 21.0 .5 5976 .7 1711 10381 154 .6 90. .. 1994 20. ..6 1061 10327 132 . .9 4. 66. 5027 68. 29.1 48.2 27.. .1 1. .5 8. 22.5 5. . .7 . 11. 1992 1993 23.8 765 19.7 42.. 31.7 . .1 13...2 309 27.. 968 803 . .. .9 149 22.7 6137 . 3.2 10. 11640 277 376 15.

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Rep.... .. ...4 1612 ... . . xxx xxx .. P. . 502749 67930 46688 69337 57864 35321 17200 232546 .. 67. . 296451 18742 14092 17180 8858 11666 15032 10936 17123 11595 693 . .2 xxx .. 531691 67405 43878 65970 60044 36435 .... Liberia USA France Japan Germany UK Italy China. ..... .... . 237 26.. xxx 4..... North Myanmar Togo Iceland Viet Nam Iraq Cuba Qatar Côte d’Ivoire Afghanistan Congo. ....7 xxx .... . .6 1565 205 7.... . xxx 356 .. . . .7 842 191 278 . South Spain Australia Canada Israel ... 67.. .. . ....... . .. .. Dem.. 441561 68372 47747 65616 59439 35819 18000 21225 13842 6913 12721 12597 14118 11083 15719 13372 466560 66221 48905 62402 55828 34790 21900 57716 19948 13229 7168 13395 13330 13056 11406 15546 10666 . . Bosnia-Herzegovina Zambia Central African Rep. . . xxx . South Montenegro Timor Leste Equatorial Guinea Somalia Trinidad & Tobago Guyana Turkmenistan Korea. .6 72. 22256 14825 11701 12384 12210 14571 10897 17021 10132 196 ..Military expenditure by country. xxx xxx xxx .. .. .. . . 1988-2010 Figures are in US $m.. which is in US$m ".4 .. ... in constant (2009) US$ m." = data unavailable.. .... . ..8 . . . . .. 3. ..1 . xxx xxx xxx xxx ..7 xxx .. ..9 .. 5. xxx 5.. 200 . . . . . . .. .. R. . "xxx" = country did not exist or was not independent during all or part of the year in Czechoslovakia German DR Yugoslavia (former) Yemen. xxx xxx .. 526271 68232 45367 65786 59134 36720 15900 274882 17710 15050 17005 10252 12021 15560 10844 17037 9812 1099 196 403 66.. at constant 2009 prices and exchange rates... .. .... xxx . 70. .. Russia Saudi Arabia India Brazil Turkey Korea.. except for the last figure. . . . xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx . . North Yemen. xxx . xxx . .. . . ..2 270 26..

... Thailand Finland Malaysia Morocco Romania Hungary Indonesia 13306 ..... xxx xxx xxx 3876 2812 2022 1984 3300 2157 2003 2142 1712 xxx .8 4231 2021 1586 1053 630 147 846 1058 939 128 2206 xxx 657 xxx 423 1060 1251 540 1100 3415 1992 .. 6544 2104 8813 6754 2648 6333 8020 3075 5035 6407 4519 3633 3854 3346 3997 2309 2077 3383 2323 5249 662 Country Argentina Syria Ukraine Ireland Peru Angola Croatia Slovak Rep.. xxx 1988 12691 . .. xxx xxx . xxx xxx 266 . xxx xxx 3386 2620 5101 691 2917 2598 1392 1942 9039 3477 1656 12618 . 6616 2279 9296 6881 3038 6578 7868 3159 5075 6795 4523 3734 3796 3531 15422 2371 2156 3348 2335 5177 647 2837 2606 1162 1793 8809 4185 1614 xxx 13054 . Lebanon Serbia Sri Lanka Philippines New Zealand Nigeria Yemen Bulgaria 13433 . .. 6979 1676 8035 6676 2391 7510 8146 2747 4904 6285 4634 3461 4781 3348 3220 2606 1960 .. . 6275 2215 9553 6481 3143 4632 7757 2990 4922 6560 4605 3849 3820 3780 20098 2444 2379 4133 3401 2171 4309 708 . xxx xxx 311 1072 1343 327 xxx 1991 1831 1059 xxx 6521 1971 9662 6298 3342 4488 6369 3192 5334 6370 4520 3953 3854 4014 10187 2530 2641 3820 3302 2600 3501 1184 3381 2762 2035 2000 4193 2305 1861 1990 2702 1142 820 xxx xxx 1989 2923 1117 ..Netherlands UAE Greece Iran Taiwan Sweden Singapore Poland Belgium Colombia Norway Switzerland Denmark Portugal Egypt Pakistan Kuwait Chile Mexico Venezuela Austria Oman South Africa Algeria Czech Rep.. xxx 3304 2645 1495 1904 4102 2956 1829 816 171 1063 46. 578 971 1199 518 1030 1853 648 980 1122 446 1012 1398 . 1170 . .. . xxx 403 1122 1506 482 ...

41....3 .6 48.1 xxx xxx 786 364 632 248 185 332 115 198 56.1 35...3 56..9 .7 114 153 xxx 121 201 56.4 xxx xxx xxx . 267 xxx . xxx 581 238 171 332 xxx 177 xxx 326 204 71. 39. 41.4 67.7 . .8 58.3 81. El Salvador Armenia xxx Guinea .1 . 77 58.1 51.3 142 292 118 199 58. xxx 46.4 72.9 53.5 64. . .. 432 919 637 538 405 xxx xxx 841 352 xxx 176 xxx . xxx xxx 468 344 129 607 271 234 326 162 xxx xxx xxx .... ....6 . Mauritania Congo . 506 478 780 356 806 467 816 335 146 xxx xxx 101 640 470 612 718 821 459 472 731 751 552 433 154 153 .1 41.5 50. . 169 . Senegal Zimbabwe SEE FOOTNOTE Mali Cambodia Nepal Albania ... xxx . FYR xxx Uruguay Bahrain Botswana Guatemala Belarus xxx Luxembourg Azerbaijan xxx Brunei Bolivia .9 . ..3 151 66. xxx 49.7 151 148 39.6 118 191 ..2 .. Uzbekistan xxx Burundi 750 . . 468 294 250 248 169 325 165 211 90.. Macedonia.7 102 . 110 64..5 112 92..4 94..9 xxx xxx 109 61.2 62. Kazakhstan xxx Libya .Sudan Bangladesh Jordan Ethiopia Cyprus Ecuador Slovenia xxx Eritrea xxx Kenya Tunisia Lithuania xxx Dominican Rep. Paraguay .2 .8 xxx xxx . 37.. xxx .9 60... 285 256 129 56. Cameroon Uganda Estonia xxx Latvia xxx Tanzania Namibia xxx Gabon . .7 154 91.. 154 203 ...9 265 .2 366 218 224 92.4 127 91.. xxx 438 551 636 211 1104 432 530 637 342 117 172 227 xxx xxx xxx xxx . Madagascar Rwanda Mozambique Honduras .7 .. 47... 64.. 51.3 186 xxx 368 224 219 100 231 623 313 233 298 309 194 367 350 201 217 77.

7 .7 111 .7 16. 38.3 13.9 178 34.8 23.6 75 25. 15..3 80.9 xxx 13.6 20. xxx 20.. 13. .9 .4 .. 2.2 43. xxx 20.2 .8 7..3 .1 .1 xxx . 3.3 xxx 55. xxx 11.7 0.5 40.8 .2 .2 7 19.1 .3 .9 0 6.1 46. Africa Asia & Oceania xxx 46 76 . . 70.1 60. .2 ..4 .Kyrgyzstan Jamaica Burkina Faso Chad Ghana Fiji Papua New Guinea Lesotho Georgia Niger Malta Swaziland Nicaragua Djibouti Mongolia Benin Sierra Leone Laos Tajikistan Malawi Moldova Mauritius Guinea-Bissau Seychelles Belize Cape Verde Gambia Costa Rica Haiti Panama xxx .6 40.1 32.1 21..8 68. . xxx 22. 0.4 0 7.3 6.8 77. xxx 60..2 .. 15.1 xxx Americas Europe Middle East xxx .9 xxx .. 2.. ..4 52..9 ....3 78.3 67.9 0 7.7 24. .4 4..2 . 15.. 36.. 2..5 18. 17.2 58.9 105 30.3 149 55. xxx 53. 1. North Africa Sub-Saharan Central Asia East Asia South Asia Oceania .5 31.2 71..9 46.9 28.6 .2 50.7 59.6 . 26.6 . 36...4 112 2.8 61.9 10.7 51. 23.9 7.7 xxx ..8 4.9 150 Central America and the Caribbean North America South America . 65.1 93.4 xxx 8.7 44.1 21..8 81.8 0 6.3 44.5 0 7.2 7.8 . 41.2 106 41.1 16 67..6 0...1 82. 41.4 ..8 22.

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2000 1982 1760 2083 1349 1503 2111 1349 1102 1187 1504 1421 1215 1128 741 976 923 11137 10703 8794 8552 8146 6250 5995 5804 5527 5347 4908 4595 4586 4341 4169 4108 3839 3763 3490 3329 3216 3169 3068 2914 2855 2747 2576 2513 2426 2059 2032 2025 2001 1953 1850 1760 1464 1291 1272 1250 1242 1228 1197 1186 1130 1104 1056 1037 1022 11125 9844 8626 6162 7424 6084 6320 5904 5359 5530 5897 4398 4530 4463 4360 4414 3962 4013 3373 2445 3160 3263 3300 2978 3051 2755 2627 2855 2309 2048 1981 3293 2002 1664 1920 1871 1405 1206 1304 1352 1258 1142 1324 981 1187 1062 1594 1313 1031 11283 10329 7390 7503 7864 6040 6382 6137 5417 6429 5670 4283 4396 4306 4567 4714 4269 4074 3364 2380 3291 3433 3451 2914 3314 2802 3050 3640 2446 2112 2129 4291 2003 1714 2201 2162 1347 1222 1722 1094 1335 1148 1161 883 1310 1086 981 1355 1051 11370 11153 8125 9228 8230 5684 6503 6416 5304 6340 5813 4204 4421 4574 4321 4911 4595 4723 3241 3374 3297 3860 3482 3314 3180 2528 3234 3513 2377 2271 1971 4412 2004 1764 2205 2334 1368 1296 1639 958 1240 1167 1072 983 1220 1102 956 1105 1027 11388 10380 8786 11444 7870 5758 6908 6859 5111 6541 5469 4138 4213 4848 4313 5101 4447 5090 3483 4558 3226 4652 3791 3470 3477 2547 3320 3758 2467 2403 1951 4313 2005 1853 2218 2826 1386 1434 2322 943 1344 1185 899 910 1231 1114 844 1136 1050 11922 10504 9135 12743 7419 5668 6966 7303 5071 6909 5459 3939 4606 4710 4413 5160 4419 5633 3789 6014 3098 4975 3782 3557 3212 2654 3380 3678 2490 2476 1749 4380 2006 1910 1994 3170 1374 1476 2728 1048 1363 1177 907 1051 1254 1172 879 1063 1042 .10854 11084 8992 7816 7984 6686 5855 5632 5781 4730 4877 4705 4317 4174 3900 3839 3906 3625 3526 3293 3452 2724 2728 2663 2968 2638 2702 2020 1341 1963 1842 ..

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12082
11275
9128
10473
7946
5817
7236
8256
5472
7430
5807
3964
4442
4508
4444
5182
4707
5781
4279
5020
3683
5040
3713
4173
3098
3498
3184
4107
2565
2375
1782
5271

2007
2211
2120
3853
1384
1416
2393
1079
1371
1292
1022
1287
1472
1227
1021
1271
1210

11873
13585
10148
7044 . .
8470
5174
7293
7385
5959
8323
5838
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4614
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5626
4284
5562
3570
4799
3647
4862
2641
4115
3428
4199
2861
2617
1656
4903

2008
2512
1922
3770
1434
1387
2479
1239
1403
1184
1009
1474
1342
1263
1435
1222 . .
1014

12129
15774
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11604
15749
9369
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11207
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4859
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5586
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2009

2010 2010 current prices

2982
2182
3347
1415
1712
3165
1129
1218
1426
941
1480
1321
1339
1504

3179
2236
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1992
3774
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920
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. 0.3 3.6 1. .7 5.. .6 1.9 2 2.7 1. 1994 4.3 .4 .5 2.3 2. 2. 1.. 1.2 3.8 7.3 0.8 .5 1. .8 1..7 4. . 4.8 2. .. 2.3 .9 .3 ..3 0. 1990 1.6 . 1.9 1. . Chad Congo Congo.9 3. ..1 0. 1. "xxx" = country did not exist or was not independent during all or part of the year in Country Africa North Africa Algeria Libya Morocco Tunisia Sub-Saharan Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Rep..3 .7 3.7 0..9 3.3 ..6 0.6 2 1991 1. 0.. . .9 4.6 1.2 1. 1. .9 0...5 2.2 1.3 2 .Military expenditure by country as percentage of gross domestic product..3 1..6 2." = data unavailable.3 7.1 . Dem..7 3. Côte d’Ivoire Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Senegal 1988 1989 1. ..3 1. 1.3 1. xxx 1993 2. 4. 0.1 0.7 1.7 4. 4..5 .1 .. . 4.5 3.5 2. 4.1 .4 2..8 2.2 5.3 5.3 xxx xxx ...1 1. .4 1. .3 . 4. .3 0.3 1. 0..3 1..9 0.7 .3 1.2 3.8 3.7 19 29.. .3 2..7 0.5 5.6 . xxx .1 4 0.7 17..5 4.3 12.1 .3 1..9 3.1 2 .3 1. .2 7.9 1..6 1992 .5 0. ..5 1..9 .9 1.1 0.9 0.4 6. . 1.9 2.8 .9 3. 0.. 0.6 2. .4 .... 0.5 3.5 .1 2.9 1..2 0.5 2.5 . 5..7 .6 5.2 .3 .4 . 5.9 ..7 .7 2. .4 3. 2.. 1988-2009 Countries are grouped by region and subregion ". 3.. .4 3 4.7 4.. .6 1.1 3.8 1.9 1.3 1..8 1.7 6..3 1..9 1. 4. xxx .2 ..7 .6 1. 3.1 4.4 4. . 1995 4.7 0.9 10.7 .8 1.7 1..4 2 .7 . 3.3 0..4 3. .9 3. .9 2. 0.4 2. 1.9 2. .1 2 . .3 0.8 1.4 7 . 6. .3 0.8 1. 2.6 1.3 0.. 1...3 1.9 8.9 1.3 5.6 2.5 1.. ...1 1. . .9 0.5 .2 2.9 .7 1. 2. .8 1... ..8 5.5 1.7 .9 9.5 2. 1.8 1.9 4.9 8..4 .4 .1 1.1 21. Rep. 4.3 .8 0.3 1. . .2 5.9 .5 .1 1.7 1. 4.4 .7 19.4 0. 2. 1.8 0.4 1..3 2.5 3. ..1 1. . .2 1.2 4..5 3.5 1.9 ..9 1.2 1..3 5.2 1 0.2 1.4 2. xxx xxx 8.5 2.. 0. .8 1.3 6. 1.1 .7 2 2.1 . 1.. 0. 1..9 4.1 0.. .5 1.

3 0.1 5 3 2 2 .3 2.6 .. .2 0..1 1.1 2.8 1.9 0.3 1.5 1.4 2.5 4 1. 0.6 0.6 2.2 2.8 1.1 0.9 4.6 2.2 1.9 1.1 ..6 1. 3.8 3 . 4.6 1.5 1 3.5 2.5 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.2 2. 0.1 2. 2.6 3.2 0 1.3 1.5 1.1 .1 1.7 1.3 1.9 1.. ..1 2.8 2.1 0.2 2. 2.9 5.4 0.3 0..1 0.2 3..4 5 4 1.6 1.5 0. 0..6 2 1.1 .5 2.4 4 1. .3 1.6 1.1 2.3 1.2 3.. 4 3. .2 1. .3 0 Americas Central America and Belize Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Rep.. .2 0.2 3.2 1.8 1.1 2.5 0.5 2.7 1.7 2.9 20. . xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Asia & Oceania Central Asia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan East Asia xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx . .1 0.3 1.6 4.4 1. .2 2 3..2 1.1 1. 0. .5 1.6 1.1 1..1 2.. 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 3.1 2. 1..7 4.7 3 . .9 ...3 1 . .6 0.2 2. 1 1.2 .6 0.7 1.9 4.6 2.3 1.1 .9 1.6 1..7 0.5 3.1 1.8 1. El Salvador Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama Trinidad & Tobago North America Canada USA South America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela the Caribbean 1 1.Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe 4.7 4.3 2.8 1.5 2.9 0. 2 5.7 1.1 0 1 0 1.. 2.1 0.3 ..7 3.3 2.5 ...5 0.. .6 3..1 ..3 0.1 1.7 1..6 .9 2.1 2. .6 2 2.3 1..6 1.4 2.6 1.4 2. ..1 1.6 1. 2.4 3..7 1 1 0.9 2 1.7 1.9 .4 2.3 2..7 2.6 19. 4. .2 1. 0.4 1.7 4.1 1.9 2.3 1.8 1..9 4.8 4.9 3.1 0.1 1 3.2 4..8 1.5 2 5.5 2.8 2.1 .7 1 1.4 3..6 1. 2.. 0.4 2.4 .1 3 3.1 2.4 3.7 .1 .5 0. . 3..6 1 1.1 1.5 .2 2.2 1. 0.6 3.2 1.6 3. 0.1 3.2 2..5 0.3 2. .2 1.6 3. .1 .4 3. 2.9 2.6 3.8 0.1 0 1..3 2.1 2.2 1.2 0. .1 .9 1.4 0 1.7 2.4 1..5 0.9 1..5 1.5 1.6 4.1 0.9 1.5 2.8 1 1.6 1...2 0 0 .1 ..2 3. 0..7 3 3.6 2. .5 0.4 0.6 1.8 1.6 1..4 1.1 2.8 2.6 1..6 1.9 2.

. .7 1 1.3 2.1 2.3 xxx xxx xxx 1..2 1. 3 6.2 3.5 2.4 4.3 3.4 1 xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx Europe Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep.7 3.9 3.5 1.. 1. .9 0.9 1.3 . 5.7 1.7 4..6 3.2 0.2 2.3 5.7 2.2 xxx xxx 2. 6.9 5.5 3..5 3. .1 .7 .9 1.7 1.8 1.4 .2 1. 2 xxx 1.4 4.9 1.2 2.3 1.4 3. xxx xxx xxx 2.8 4.1 1 .9 3..7 1. .8 5.6 .7 1..3 .1 0. South Laos Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Taiwan Thailand Viet Nam South Asia Afghanistan Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Oceania Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea Timor Leste 6.3 2.2 2 1.8 xxx 7. xxx xxx 2 1.. R.6 0.9 5. .5 1..8 3.2 7.3 .8 3.1 2.8 1 3.3 9.8 1 1.2 2 2.3 1 .8 2. 2.1 2.6 4 7.5 1.5 1.5 4..2 0.3 2.4 4.2 xxx xxx 2.7 1.3 1.5 1 6 1.3 1 3 0.5 xxx xxx 4.1 2.1 2.4 2. Indonesia Japan Korea. 2 xxx 1.9 2.1 4. .1 7.9 1. P.6 2. 3.4 1.3 3.6 .4 2.5 1.4 1. 2.8 1.4 6.2 0.4 1.6 6..1 xxx xxx .2 1.4 2..7 3.2 xxx 1.8 10 11.6 .6 1.4 4 4..8 0.9 2.4 ..4 2.9 .1 1. 2.7 3.1 1.4 3.7 .5 2 2.1 2. 1 3.6 xxx . 6.3 3..7 5 2. xxx 1.2 2 1.3 .4 1. 3.7 2.9 5.6 1.8 2.5 1.5 xxx .6 xxx 5. 3.4 1.7 2. 2.3 3 1.5 3 . 3..4 4.7 xxx .5 1.7 1 1 ..5 0.6 3.9 6.3 4.7 3.7 0.2 2.3 3.9 6.8 1..3 1.6 xxx .1 2.1 1. xxx 1.6 1.2 2.4 xxx 5.8 1.6 .6 3.9 2.2 3.4 2.4 xxx .6 1.8 0.8 2 1 1 . North Korea.5 5..7 7.4 xxx xxx 2.7 8..8 3..8 1.7 1.1 3.9 1.1 2.7 4.2 2 1.5 1 2 1.3 4.6 3 1.1 4 xxx 2.9 .1 2 1.3 6.9 1.3 4..5 .. xxx 5.8 1.8 5.1 2..2 3.9 5. 4..8 5 2.7 2.4 xxx .8 2. ..1 1.1 4. .7 1.. 2.Brunei Cambodia China.9 5.3 ..4 7.9 1.5 2...2 1. .9 ..7 1.4 2..1 3. 2. 4 .6 7.5 1.7 .8 3.9 4..3 2.3 2 2..4 2.9 . 3 3 2.9 xxx 1.1 4. xxx xxx xxx 2...9 9..3 2.9 6.1 0. 3. 1.8 0.9 xxx xxx 2.4 1.9 2. 4. Czechoslovakia Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia German DR Germany 5. xxx 1.9 7.4 xxx 3..6 4.1 1. 6 3.3 3.1 2. .

.8 2.3 . 5.7 xxx xxx .8 xxx xxx 4.3 6. 0.6 14..2 12.6 1.2 1.3 4. 7.6 .3 5..8 .7 2.1 xxx xxx xxx 3.6 2..2 1.7 2.2 3. 3.9 xxx xxx 6 xxx xxx .5 2 .3 2.. North Yemen..8 1.5 xxx 3.4 8.9 6. 6.6 12.4 ..9 9.9 1.7 5.8 3.. 13. xxx 2. .3 .3 2.2 ..4 .9 3.2 2. .4 9. .8 48.1 5.3 2.9 . 6. . 1 3.8 2.4 1.4 . 15. 0.1 xxx xxx xxx 3.5 3.5 0.3 2.4 .2 2.4 11.9 0.3 .2 2..5 1. 3.9 15.7 0.8 0.6 2. .8 0.3 xxx xxx xxx 3.4 6 15..5 1.9 3.7 12.6 2.7 2.6 7 12.8 4..5 9. 1. xxx xxx ..6 7.5 16. 15..8 xxx Middle East Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE Yemen Yemen.4 7.7 2.7 2..5 7..9 .6 2.2 2 .5 0.8 4.9 16.4 2 2.1 2.6 3.7 1.8 7.1 .4 4.9 2.5 2. 0.5 3.7 3.2 1. ..6 .5 6.6 xxx xxx 4. 1.8 2. ..2 2..7 2.5 0.9 2. .7 .5 3. 16..6 xxx xxx 4.8 9.9 1. 14 6.9 xxx xxx .5 . Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey UK Ukraine Yugoslavia (former) 4.4 2.7 4.1 1 0.7 13.5 2..4 9.2 7.9 1.5 2. 1.7 14.5 2. .5 1.. .3 1.. xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx ..2 1.5 3.4 . 2.9 0.3 xxx xxx .1 8.7 . 12.4 2. 6. . . xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx 1.3 8.9 3 2.6 2. .4 2.9 31. 1 0.9 4.9 0. 1. . . 1 1.4 .9 xxx xxx . 1.1 4.8 ..1 3.3 15. 8..1 2. ..1 2.7 4. ..7 2 5. . xxx 0.Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia.8 2.4 3 2.7 0.1 14.1 0.5 2.1 .4 1.2 xxx xxx 5. .7 3.8 0. 12.2 1.8 4.8 ..8 2.5 7. .2 .1 4 xxx .3 1.5 11.7 4.6 4.5 2. .7 4.8 4..1 2 2..9 2.. .1 5.8 1.7 4.9 . 1..7 .2 2 2..8 xxx xxx xxx 2. South 5 6..5 .4 11..3 ..3 2. .7 2.3 10 117 5..6 1.2 2 0.5 . 6. 2 1.. 18.5 1.. 15. ..9 . .7 3. .9 1.5 4.2 .1 xxx xxx 2.8 1.9 1.. xxx 1.9 2. 10.5 13.5 2. FYR Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Serbia Slovak Rep.2 xxx xxx 1..9 0. .5 2..3 6.4 .3 6.6 1.6 6.7 3.8 4. .8 1. 1.9 3.

3 1.9 3.4 2 1 0.9 2 3.2 1.5 5.2 1... 1. 1.6 3..1 2.8 1. .2 1.6 0.stic product.3 0.9 0.1 6.8 3. .2 2.9 0.1 4.3 1.7 1.6 1..4 0.7 2 4.7 3.7 1.9 5 .5 1.2 2..9 1.2 0.. 34.1 6..2 1. . 1. .4 1.7 1..4 1.6 2.9 0. .6 1 3.1 2.2 .7 ..9 2.4 4.4 1.3 0.7 1.9 0.5 .6 2. .3 2.2 0.6 .6 .3 1.5 .7 1.6 3.8 1.2 1. 1.8 1.7 2.5 .9 3.1 2.3 1. 5 4.7 2 2.6 1.2 2.3 1.5 5.3 3.9 4 5.1 1.6 4.4 1.4 0.6 3 . 5. 1.6 1.6 4.1 2.2 1.3 1.7 3.1 0.3 ..4 . 20.7 1. .8 1.2 1.2 1..9 4. .5 4.7 0.3 1.3 2.4 1.3 3.1 1.2 1.4 .9 1.8 1.9 2.4 1 2.2 1. .4 3.6 2.2 0. 11.4 2.3 1.8 3.4 1.1 8 1. ..2 1.5 3. .8 1.4 0.7 3.9 . 5.4 3.1 6..3 4. ..7 1.4 .1 .. 1..7 8.9 1.5 0.3 4 .1 1 . .2 .8 . 3.7 1.9 0.1 .8 0.5 1.3 2.8 1.4 32.4 .9 0.6 1.4 7.1 1.8 .4 1.2 3.3 . .5 1.8 0.2 . 1.3 0.7 1. .7 0.1 1.7 1.4 . . 1.8 1 1. .1 1 3..3 .2 3.3 1.3 1.7 4.6 1.6 . 22.4 6.8 1 7.3 0.1 3.7 4.6 3.7 2.1 0. 32.2 1.1 3.2 1.2 1.9 1. .4 0.3 0.7 2 1.8 4.5 1 3..6 2. 2.5 3 1.1 4.6 2.5 6..7 1.7 3.1 0.4 .9 0.4 1.4 3..1 2. 1..9 0..4 1.5 0.2 0. 2.2 1..9 1.8 2.6 2.2 2.9 3.2 0.4 1.5 0.1 4.9 0. .7 3. 0.4 0. 0.4 3 .6 4. 1.1 6.4 1..3 3.2 1.7 2. 0. .7 1.8 1.8 2.3 1.9 0.3 4.3 1.3 1.6 17.9 3.8 1. 1.9 0.7 3.4 1.9 3.9 .6 . .5 1. .5 1.4 0.5 0.4 .1 1.4 1.7 1 6. 2.5 6. 4..2 3 0. 0. 1.1 7.3 0.5 1 2 3 0. 20. 5.9 .5 1.8 0.2 0. .4 0.6 1.6 2..7 3.8 1. 1996 1997 3.3 1.2 1.9 3.1 0..8 2. .9 1.4 0.2 1.3 1.1 .6 2.3 1.8 .9 . 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 3. 1998 . .7 2. .2 6 1.8 1 1.1 1. 1.6 0.4 1. 0.6 1. .7 .1 1.3 0.8 3 1.3 0. 1.4 0.5 1.6 1.9 3.2 0.3 .5 1.5 2.2 0.3 0.4 0. .4 6 2..1 4. .6 0. 2.3 0. .6 .2 0. 0.8 3. 3. .5 6.1 5.2 1..6 1 1.. .6 3.6 .5 3.4 0. 1.7 1 .2 .. 0.9 2.9 1... 1. 1.5 0. 20. .1 0..8 .6 1.5 1.6 1..6 4 1...8 6.2 1.8 1 0.4 .3 2.1 .8 1.3 1. . 1988-2009 Front page ing all or part of the year in question. .2 3. 1.2 4. .6 2.

2 2.5 1.2 3. 3.1 2.9 0 0.8 1.2 1 2.1 2.5 0..7 3.6 1.8 0..5 4.7 1.9 1.5 .6 1.4 0. 2..3 1.4 ..8 0 0.6 3. 0. .2 2 2...4 3.2 3.4 .6 2. . .8 0.6 3..2 3. .8 0 . .9 0. 2.7 1. .7 1.5 .7 3.8 0.8 2.4 0.2 1. .8 3.4 1.7 1.7 0.8 0 0.5 1.2 0.7 0 ..9 . 1.6 2.5 1.1 2..7 1.4 1..7 0 0.5 3.8 0.3 1.1 2.9 0.9 2.8 1. .3 1.3 1.9 1. .9 2...6 1.9 0..4 2.7 2.8 2.1 1. .6 1.3 2 3.1 1.2 .9 1.3 4 1.2 1 2.2 3..4 1.5 2.9 2. .5 1.1 1.1 3.6 1...7 0.9 .9 0. . .1 .9 . ..3 2 1.. 1.1 1.8 0.7 0.6 1 2 1.4 1.6 1 1. 2.6 0..7 2.5 . 1. 2.7 3.6 0.5 3.6 0..9 1.2 0.1 2 .4 2 1.6 0.4 .1 1.5 0. 1..9 5.4 1.1 1 3..1 2. .7 4 1. . ..6 1. ..2 3 1.5 4..5 3.6 . 1.7 1 .8 0. .4 1.2 1. 1.3 1. .3 1 0 .5 1.8 1..6 0.4 0..7 3.2 .9 1.7 0.7 1. .7 1..1 1..3 1.1 1.1 2 1.1 0.5 0.3 2.3 1.7 1.9 0.8 0.5 2 1.2 1.2 . 1 0..7 .1 1.1 1. .2 1. 1..9 2.4 1..5 1.1 1 0 . .8 1.1 3. . 2 1.6 1.5 0.2 1. .7 0. 1.8 0.9 1.2 0.8 0 .7 0 .8 0 0 .8 3.3 1. ..6 0. 4..2 2 1.1 4 1. 0.6 1.7 3.4 .4 2.9 1..6 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.4 .3 2.9 1.3 1.9 1.9 3.5 0. .7 1. 0.1 1.3 0.2 2 1. .2 3 1.5 0.8 .3 2.. .4 .4 0 0.4 1.6 0.2 2.1 4 1. 1.2 2..2 1. 0. 0. 1. ..1 3.5 1.4 2. 1...8 1.5 0.1 1. 1.9 0 0.7 0 .6 0.3 .2 3.9 0.9 1.1 2.6 2. 1.7 1. 2.4 2... 0..7 .1 .7 3.6 1 1.8 1. .9 0.2 0 .8 1.6 0.1 . 1.9 1.8 .1 1...6 3.. 2.. .7 0. 0. 1.8 0 .1 2 . 0.2.6 . . 2.4 1.7 1.5 1..7 3. .5 1.1 3.1 1.6 0. .8 2.7 2. 0.5 0.5 2.. 1. 2.9 0 0.5 1.9 0 .6 0.6 2.7 0 .3 1.5 0.8 1.9 0 0.7 3. 0.7 .2 1. .6 0.5 .2 0.5 0. . .6 0.9 0 .8 1.5 3.1 1.7 0 ..7 0 .6 1.5 1 1.7 2.6 1.8 2. 1. 0 . . . 0. 2. 1..4 0..2 3.2 .4 0 0. .3 3.7 0.8 3.8 .4 1.1 2 0.4 0.8 ..5 1. .8 1 1.4 3. 4..5 3.4 0 0.7 0 0. 0.. ...6 .5 2..7 0. 1..1 2.5 0. 2.2 2.5 1. 0.5 1.1 2 1. 1.4 ..7 1.1 1.5 3.7 1 1.8 0 1 0..8 0. 1 3.

7 0.8 1.7 1.9 1 2.6 0.6 1.2 1..7 0.2 .8 4.5 1.4 1 1.3 2. xxx .9 4.8 1.1 1 .3 2.2 7.7 1.9 2 1.9 2.6 1.8 3. .4 1.5 2.9 1.7 1.9 1..8 xxx .9 4.4 2.8 2....9 1.6 2.2 0..5 1.1 4.3 2.5 2.9 2.9 4.2 1.7 0. 2. 1 .7 2..4 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.9 1.9 1. 2.5 .7 5.9 1.7 1.6 1. 1 5.6 2.3 1.5 .8 1.3 2. 1.3 2.1 xxx 1.8 2 1.4 1.9 1.1 2 1.2 2.6 0.1 2.8 2.8 4.6 3 1.4 7.6 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.5 0.7 0.4 1.2 3. .8 .. 2.4 xxx 1.7 5 1.1 2.3 1...3 1.5 ..1 3.1 5.9 1.7 2.2 xxx xxx 1.7 0.2 2.7 1 2.5 2.1 2.4 3...1 1 .3 2.3 1.3 1 . 2.4 1.5 2.8 1. 6..4 3.6 2.5 0.2 1.2 3 1.3 1 2.6 1.3 1.7 1 0.6 1 1.3 1.4 1.8 1.4 3.8 4. 1..5 2.1 0.6 1.4 3.4 0. ..8 3.3 .3 1.5 5.4 1.4 5. 2.2 2.8 1.4 2.1 1.6 1.6 2.2 1.9 3.1 0.5 .1 2.1 2 0.5 0..1 1 . .1 0.7 2.5 0.5 1. .6 1.9 2.7 2.9 5.3 1.8 0.5 .1 2.4 1.4 1 0.4 1.5 1.1 2. xxx xxx .1 1.9 1.3 1.5 xxx 1.5 1.7 1.4 1.3 2..6 2.9 2.9 0.6 3. 7.3 ..4 1.3 2.7 1.2 1.8 3.7 2. .9 1.3 xxx 1.2 3.1 .6 1.5 3.2 xxx 1.1 2.9 0.3 2.9 xxx 1.7 1 1 .1 3 2 1.1 1.4 2.8 1. 2.6 3.3 1.7 0.1 0.9 2.7 xxx 1.9 1.7 1.9 3.4 2.3 2 .6 6 1.4 2.3 1.9 1.5 5.9 1. 3 2.6 0.2 0.1 1.4 .3 2.1 2 1.8 4.3 1.5 2. .1 1.5 5.7 2.5 1..8 1 5 2.9 2.4 1.3 1.9 1..7 1.5 xxx 1.9 1.6 2.5 1. ..3 2.7 1. 2.6 2.1 1.5 1.6 1. 2.3 0.4 xxx 1.2 3.5 3 2 1.7 1.6 .3 1.2 1.1 xxx 1.2 1.5 1 xxx 1.6 1. .1 2. 1 5.3 1.9 5.9 1 .5 1..4 2.1 1.6 2.9 2.6 2. 2.8 1.8 4 1.3 2.6 1.6 0. 2.6 1.2 1.1 0.5 1. .7 2.1 2.4 1..2 2 1. 2.5 1 2.6 2.1 1.. .4 xxx 1.4 2.5 1.5 1.6 1.2 3.8 4.2 3.1 1.2 5.4 1.9 2.6 1 1 .1 1.6 2.9 1..4 1.3 1.8 1.1 2.3 3.4 2.2 3.6 1..5 xxx 1.2 4.3 1.4 2.3 1..2 8.1 2.6 1.9 3.8 1.2 1.4 2.3 4.3 3.4 2.4 2.7 1..5 2.4 1. 2..3 1.8 3..8 3.2 3 1.5 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.3 xxx 1.8 1.2 2.4 2. ..6 2.9 0.1 1.2 3.9 xxx 1.1 2.3 . xxx 1.2 1.6 1 1 .1 1.9 4 1..9 1..1 1.4 2.7 1.3 1 .5 1.1 0. 2. .5 1.5 1..9 4. xxx 1.5 1.9 0..1 1.7 0.6 1.9 3.5 2.3 3.1 1.1 0.9 2.8 5.5 1.6 2.7 1 2.6.4 4.1 0.9 2.6 1 2.3 3.6 1 2.1 1. .6 0.6 xxx xxx 1.8 1.3 2. xxx 3 2.7 1.1 1.1 5.1 1.8 2.7 xxx xxx 1.5 3.

2 0.7 0.4 12.7 1.8 xxx 3.5 xxx xxx xxx 3.6 4.3 2.8 10.9 1.9 1.6 1.6 2 1.4 2.2 .5 2..6 1.8 1.7 1.8 4.4 xxx 3.9 0.1 8.3 2. .3 5.3 1.7 .6 7.2 5.6 0.6 1.5 1.8 3.5 2.5 8 5.9 1.4 6.4 1....9 1.9 0.2 1.3 3. 0.1 5.7 1..7 1 3..4 3.. 0.1 4.1 3.8 xxx xxx xxx 4.3 2.7 1.8 1.1 4.6 3..5 1.9 0.8 3.1 2 2.7 5. 1 1..2 3.7 3 0.4 1.9 2 2 3..4 1 1.6 2 1. xxx .8 4 12.6 12.2 3 8.7 0.8 6.5 2.5 0.4 1.1 4.9 2.8 1.5 1.3 .7 2.1 1.7 0.5 2.6 4.1 3..4 xxx xxx xxx 2.3 3.4 4.4 4.7 5. 0.7 .2 1.7 2.6 xxx xxx .9 3.5 1.4 8.6 7.1 .6 6 xxx xxx 8.9 7.5 1 2.9 3.4 10.9 2.5 3.5 4.5 .8 3.4 1.1 2. 8.6 xxx 4.9 1.7 1.8 0.9 0..3 5. 3.7 xxx xxx 1.5 0.8 9 4.4 .4 1.7 0.3 1.9 0.9 0.4 4.8 2.8 5.7 1.5 1.8 11.9 2.8 1.6 2 1.2 1.6 4.8 4.6 0.6 5.8 xxx 1.5 0.6 2.1 5..4 0. .6 1.9 xxx xxx xxx 3 1.. 0.7 7.3 2.3 7.4 1.8 4. 14.1 1.2 1.7 3.7 2.4 4.9 2 1..2 1.6 2.8 0.2 0.9 2.5 4.8 3.5 6.4 4.3. 8.4 1.1 . 0.5 11 2.8 1.3 xxx xxx xxx 3.2 1.9 7.4 2..7 2.6 1.9 xxx xxx xxx 2.4 0.6 1.7 1.1 5.7 2 1 1. 10.2 5...9 7.9 1.5 .3 4.6 12.3 4.6 4.7 2.5 .8 xxx .7 0.9 2 2.3 4 1.7 0.5 4.4 4.8 1..3 1.9 0.5 9.1 1.8 3. 11 5.6 1.5 2.3 1.8 4..9 2.6 1.4 2.4 1.7 1.3 2.7 6 10. 4.6 4.9 1.3 2.9 8.8 0.5 2 1.9 8.8 0.9 4 3.6 .5 1.2 5. 3.6 2.6 4.7 0.4 1.4 5.2 2 1.2 1.4 .9 1.5 0.4 7.7 0.2 4 2.9 2.8 3.9 2.1 1.5 2.6 .7 xxx xxx xxx 2.4 2..5 9.3 xxx 4.7 5.1 xxx 3.9 2.4 11.7 1.5 .6 1. 0.1 1.4 4.7 1.3 4.7 2.1 1.7 0.4 0.8 6.2 4 8..8 2.4 1.4 0.1 0.2 2 2 3 3.7 8.5 6 xxx 3.6 1.7 2.3 3.2 0.9 1.4 8.7 2.9 2.6 1. 0..5 .7 3.4 4.1 2.3 3 2.7 3.6 1. 0.5 1.4 5.7 2 0.4 12.9 1.7 2.5 1.2 0.6 2 0.8 . xxx .5 0.6 1. 11.3 6.3 2 1.1 2 3.4 1. xxx .9 1..6 1.7 .5 3.9 6 xxx xxx 0.5 5. 9.3 12.7 3.9 .7 2.3 4.5 1.2 2 2.3 7.7 1 3.7 12.7 9..4 1.9 1.4 2.5 .8 2 0.7 6..4 2.4 5.1 3.3 2.4 2.8 1.1 2..8 1.8 .4 3 4.7 2 1.6 4.7 0.1 5. 11.5 1.9 1.4 2.3 8.7 0.6 6 6.5 1.4 4.7 1.8 2.5 2.2 2 1.5 1.1 1.8 0.2 3 4.3 7.7 2. 8. 5 xxx xxx xxx .1 8.2 3.5 1.

5 1. .8 .1 5.. 2009 .1 1 .5 3.6 1.4 3. 1.4 0.8 6. . 2.1 ..5 1.. . 1..6 . .8 0.1 1.3 1. .5 1..9 3. ..4 2 1.2 .9 0. 0. .7 0.2 .4 2.8 3 .8 0..7 3.1 1.7 1. 0.6 7.8 3.5 0. .3 1 . .9 3. . .7 4..6 0.9 1.2 1. 0.1 1. .2 .6 1.5 4.. 0.5 1.2 ...4 1. 0. 0.8 0. 2.2 .2 .5 1.8 2..5 0.7 0.9 1 2..9 1.4 1. .. 1 . .4 1.7 1. 1..4 3..9 3..7 1.. 0. 1.4 3 1. 3 1.8 .2 .. .4 1 .6 1. 2 3.6 0. .8 3. 1.8 1.. 3. . .3 4.5 0..8 1.3 .1 2 2.7 .2 0.5 1.6 .4 1.Front page 2007 2008 2.

5 0. .9 1.8 1....4 .9 1. 1. 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.6 2.1 0 . 0.3 1.2 .5 3.9 0.5 3..4 1. 1. .6 0.3 ...3 . .5 3.4 1.8 1. .7 0 .9 .. 0. 1.4 0 0..8 1.4 0 0.4 1..9 0.1 .5 0.3 1..8 1 2 1.2 0 . 3..7 0.7 0. .3 2..6 .2 2.5 3.8 2 1.3 4.7 . .2 1.4 3.3 .7 0. 1.8 1.9 0.7 0 1.. 1.7 0.6 1.7 3..5 0.1 1. 1.5 4.7 0 .. .4 0 1.5 0..7 ..1 3..1 1. 2. .6 3.1. 1..4 0 1.2 2 . .9 1...3 0.9 1. .2 4 1.. 1.. 2 1.. . .1 1.3 1.3 3.9 0.4 . .2 1. 1. . .. .2 3.7 0. 2. 1. .3 .1 . .2 1.

2.6
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2.5

2.2
1
2.3
1.9
3
3.3

1.9
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2.5
1.8
2.8
3.7

1.8
1
2.8
2
2.8
3.5

1.8
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0.6
6.6

1.8
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1.9
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xxx
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3
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1.7
0.7
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xxx

Brackets indicating uncertain figures and estimates
1=round brackets (indicating an unsertain figure); 2=square bracket (indicating a SIPRI estimate)

Country
Africa
North Africa
Algeria
Libya
Morocco
Tunisia
Sub-Saharan
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Rep.
Chad
Congo
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Côte d’Ivoire
Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mozambique
Namibia

Figures for these countries do not include military pensions

Figures for these countries are for current spending only (i.e. exclude capital spen

§

Figures for these countries are for the adopted budget, rather than actual expendit

Figures for these countries do not include spending on paramilitary forces

This country changed or redenominated its currency during the period; all current

1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

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2 2 El Salvador Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica 2 Mexico 2 2 Nicaragua Panama Trinidad & Tobago North America Canada USA South America Argentina 2 2 Bolivia 2 Brazil 2 2 Chile 2 2 Colombia 2 2 Ecuador Guyana 2 2 Paraguay 2 Peru 1 Uruguay 2 2 Venezuela 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 Asia & Oceania Central Asia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan .Niger Nigeria Rwanda Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 Americas Central America and the Caribbean Belize Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Rep.

P. Indonesia Japan Korea. R. Czechoslovakia Denmark Estonia Finland 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 .Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan East Asia Brunei Cambodia China. North Korea. South Laos Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Taiwan Thailand Viet Nam South Asia Afghanistan Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Oceania Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea Timor Leste 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Europe Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep.

Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey UK Ukraine Yugoslavia (former) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 Middle East Bahrain Egypt Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria UAE Yemen Yemen.France Georgia German DR Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia. FYR Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Serbia Slovak Rep. North Yemen. South 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 .

(i. exclude capital spending) Front page ther than actual expenditure amilitary forces g the period. all current price local currency figures have been converted to the latest currency.e. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Footnote # Other notes 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 ‡¶ 4 ‖ 2 2 † § 2 5 6 ‡ § 7 8 2 9 10 11 1 12 13 14 15 2 ‖ ‡ ‖ ‖ ‖ 2 2 2 16 17 18 19 ‖ .

20 21 22 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 §¶ 24 25 ‡‖ ‡ 26 ‖ 27 28 2 29 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 30 31 2 32 33 2 34 2 2 35 36 37 38 § 39 40 † 41 ‖ 2 2 42 .

43 44 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 45 46 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 † 47 1 1 1 1 1 48 2 2 2 49 50 51 52 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ¶ ‡ 53 † 54 55 ‡ 56 57 §¶ † 2 ‖ 58 59 60 †¶ † †‖ 61 62 63 .

2 2 2 2 64 65 66 † 67 † 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 68 69 70 71 72 73 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 †‖ †¶ 74 ‖ 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 75 76 †‖ ‖ 2 2 2 2 2 77 78 †¶ ‖ 79 § 80 81 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 82 83 ¶ § ¶ ¶ 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 ‡ § .

at a rate of on 39 The figures for Paraguay in 2003 are for the modified budget. 18 Figures for Mozambique include expenditure for the demobilization of government and RENAMO 19 The figures for Namibia for 1999 refer to the budget of the Ministry of Defence only. 36 The figures for Chile include direct transfers from the state-owned copper company Corporacion 37 The figures for Colombia in 2002 – 2007 include special allocations totaling 2. 13 The figures for Guinea might be an underestimate as the IMF reports large extra-budgetary spen 14 An armed conflict broke out in Guinea Bissau in 1998. In July 2006 the Algerian govern 2 The figures for Libya do not include Development expenditures. Sp . 16 Figures for Mali are for defence and security.2009 o 33 The Panamanian defence forces were disbanded in 1990 and replaced by the national guard. all current price local cur Footnote references can be found in the brackets sheet 1 The figures for Algeria are budget figures for more recent years.e. 10 The figure for Ethiopia in 1999 includes an allocation of 1 billion birr in addition to the original de 11 The figures for Gabon exclude off budget spending financed by the Provisions pour Investissemen 12 The figure for Ghana in 2001 is for the adopted budget rather than actual spending. 9 Figures for Eritrea in 1995 include expenditure for demobilization. written primarily for the data covered in it (2001-2010). francs. which led to a substantial increase in defe 15 Figures for Madagascar include expenditure for the gendarmerie and the National Police. Expenditure for paramilitary forces.5 billion pesos from 38 Ecuador changed its currency from the sucre to the US dollars on 13 March 2000. According to the IMF there 22 Senegal's expenditure for paramilitary forces in 1998 amounted to 21 100 million CFA francs. and maritime 28 Figures for Cuba are for Defence & Internal Order. In addition t 20 Figures for Nigeria before 1999 are understated because of the use by the military of a favourabl 21 The figures for Rwanda for 1998 are from the official defence budget. con 34 All figures for the USA are for financial year (1 Oct.00 3 Morocco changed their financial year in 2000.Footnotes from the SIPRI Yearbook 2011.3 are for curren 29 The figures for El Salvador do not include government spending on the Armed Forces Pensions Fu 30 The Haitian defence forces were disbanded in 1994 and replaced by the national police which als 31 The figures for Honduras do not include arms imports. of the previous year-30 Sep. also be valid for the data for 1988-2000 † ‡ § ¶ ‖ Figures for these countries do not include military pensions Figures for these countries are for current spending only (i. A comparable over time the footnotes should. The figures shown in table 5A. border guard. exclude capital spending) Figures for these countries are for the adopted budget. 17 Figures for Mauritania are for operating expenditures only. Previously it had operated a July-June financial yea 4 It should be noted that the rate of the implementation of the Angolan budget could vary conside 5 Investment expenditure for CAR for 2005 amounted to 775 000 CFA. which in 2008 amounted to 1. 6 Chad's military expenditure increased sharply after 2005 due to conflict in the east of the country 7 The figures for the Democratic Republic of Congo do not include profits from extensive military-r 8 Figures for Côte d'Ivore are for the adopted budget up to 2003. rather than actual expenditure Figures for these countries do not include spending on paramilitary forces This country changed or redenominated its currency during the period. 23 The figures for Sierra Leone in 1998 and 1999 are not available due to the coup d'etat and subse 24 The figures for Sudan are for spending on defence and security. 32 The figures for Nicaragua includes military aid from USA and Taiwan for the years 2002 . 25 The figures for Swaziland for 2008-2010 are estimates based on an estimated share of the Defen 26 Zimbabwe abandoned the Zimbabwean dollar in April 2009 and now mainly uses the US dollar. of the stated ye 35 The figures for Bolivia include some expenditure for civil defence. L 27 Costa Rica has no armed forces. by implication. rather than actual expenditure.

The figures for Qatar are for Defence & Security. The figures for Iran do not include spending on paramilitary forces such as the Islamic Revolution The figures for Iraq are uncertain due to two main factors: first.1 million and 0 m The current local currency figure for Timor-Leste for 2007 is for a special 6-month financial year The figures for Albania prior to 2006 do not fully include pensions. the UK moved from a cash based accounting system to a resource based system. The figures for Bosnia and Herzegovina from 2005 onwards are for the armed forces of Bosnia an NATO has provided figures for Bulgaria including pensions from 2006-2008: 1393. see Co Montenegro seceded from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro 3 June 2006. are for the adopted The figures for Kyrgyzstan include spending on internal security. 1712 and 174 The figures for Croatia for 2006-10 include sums allocated from central government expenditure The figures for the Czech Republic do not include military aid to Afghanistan or Iraq. Aid to Afgha Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and the Republic of Slovakia on 1 Jan. development expenditure amounted to 6 million. The figures for Saudi Arabia are for defence and security.5 per cent o For the years 2008-2010. 1993. Border troops were transfe Adding all military items in Moldova's budget. which avera Due to a change in the way Lithuania reports spending on paramilitary forces. 1990 when it was Iceland does not have an army/military and until the establishment of the Icelandic Defence Age The figures for Italy include spending on civil defence. 25. The figures u Sweden changed its accounting system in 2001 giving rise to a series break between 2000 and 2 Figures for Switzerland do not include expenditure on military pensions or paramilitary forces. including estimates for items n The figures for Japan are for adopted budget before 2004 and from 2009-2010. They do not include spending on paramilitary fo The figures for Sri Lanka for 2000 do not fully reflect the special allocation of 28 billion rupees fo For the years 1998–2002 Fiji's spending on military pensions amounted to roughly 3. The figures inclu The figures for South Korea do not include spending on 3 "special funds" for relocation of military The figures for Myanmar(Burma) are not presented in US dollar terms owing to the extreme vari The figures for Afghanistan are for core budget expenditure on the Afghan National Army. has a separate entry up to and inc The figures for Bahrain do not include extra budgetary spending on defence procurement. Militar The figures for India include expenditure on the paramilitary forces of the Border Security Force. Macedonia and Slovenia. Estonia merged their Border Guard Service with the National Police in 2010. they are budget figures that ma Figures for Oman are for current expenditure on defence and national security. including expenditure on military pensions and par Montenegro declared its independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro on 3 June The figures for Poland exclude some defence spending in other ministries.40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 The figures for Peru before 2000 are based on data from the Peruvian Ministry of Defence and ar Figures for Venezuela for the years 1991-1997 and for the most recent year.5% of The figures for Latvia do not include allocations for military pensions paid by Russia. and additional domest For the sources and methods of the military expenditure figures for the USSR and Russia. The figures for Syria in US dollars have been converted from local currency using the market exc The military expenditure of the United Arab Emirates is uncertain and lacking in transparency. Figures for Pakistan are for current expenditure. If the figures for Armenia were to include military pensions they would be 15-20% higher. accounting for a substantial par The coverage of the series for Turkmenistan varies over time due to classification changes in the The figures for Uzbekistan expressed in constant US dollars should be seen in the light of conside The figures for China are for estimated total military expenditure. or From 2001. Th . Th Former Yugoslavia including Croatia. and are no longer cl The figures for France from 2006 are calculated with a new methodology due to a change in the The budget figures for Georgia for 2003 are believed to be an underestimation of actual spending The German Democratic Republic (GDR. it is possible that The definition of military expenditure for FYROM changed from 2006. East Germany) ceased to exist in Oct. which typically amounts to about 4.

89 The Republic of Yemen was formed in 1990 from the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic (North 90 North Yemen merged with South Yemen into the Republic of Yemen in 1990. Figures in the table Front page .

respectively. of the stated year) rather than calendar year. Figures for 2006 are not availab from extensive military-run mining operations.5 billion pesos from a war tax decree of 12 August 2002.red in it (2001-2010). and are subject to considerable uncertainty. If included total military spending would. Front page apital spending) al expenditure all current price local currency figures have been converted to the latest currency.3 are for current US$. These transfers increased rapidly between ling 2. consisting of the national police and the air and maritime services. 2008. both within the budget and extra-budgeta 00 million CFA francs.2 and 11. It is not clear if n 2008 amounted to 1. instead of constant price (2008) US$ Armed Forces Pensions Fund or the Pharmaceutical Centre for the Armed Forces. 16.2009 of 12. and maritime and air serveillance is less than 0. inly uses the US dollar.05% of GDP.9. 12. Until 1997 the DRC was know as Zaire.8.000 million dinar. 13. 2009 and 2010 amoun . efence only. overnment and RENAMO soldiers and the formation of a new unified army from 1994 onwards. ccording to the IMF there are additional sources of funding for military activities.3. isions pour Investissements Hydrocarbures (PIH). with exceptional military expenditure financed by oil revenues. he coup d'etat and subsequent civil war. It is not clear whether the data before and after these years are based on the sam mated share of the Defence. The local currency figure shown for 2000 is t udget could vary considerably. an investment fund based on tax revenues from foreign oil companies a al spending. Most of these allocations were spent between 2002-2004. y the national guard. converted at the official exchange rate for each year. 2006 the Algerian government issued supplementary budgets increasing total expenditure by 35 per cent.6. Spending on military pensions is not included and for the years 2007. Public Order and Safety budget.1. the increase was financed by a cred e National Police. In addition to this the 1999 budget of the Ministry of Finance includes a contingency provision of N$104 millio he military of a favourable specific dollar exchange rate.5. bstantial increase in defence expenditure. Local currency figures for Zimbabwe are given in Zimbabwean dollars up to 2006. addition to the original defence budget. and in US$ from rder guard. -30 Sep. er company Corporacion Nacional del Cobre (CODELCO) for military purchases. d a July-June financial year. 11. The current price figures for each year represent the dollar value of mi an actual expenditure. table 5A.6 million gold cordobas. Military expenditure for Angola should be seen in the context of highly uncertain economic in the east of the country. especially in 2000/01. national police which also has coast guard functions. 7. rch 2000. rge extra-budgetary spending for the military. at a rate of one dollar to 25 000 sucres. As the data is the data for 1988-2000. According to the IMF. which changed to January-December from 2001. the years 2002 . 28.

This break means that the decrease in military expenditure between 2000 and 2001 is overe or paramilitary forces. 1993. Aid to Iraq was 1. 53. would give total miltiary expenditure for 2005. and are no longer classed as a paramilitary force by SIPRI. subseque be 15-20% higher. on.5 per cent of annual military spending..6 million koruny in 2007. On the estimates in local currency and as share of GDP 9-2010. in Oct. 1990 when it was unified with the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). Previously. The figures for Peru in 2005 do year. The figures include the budgeted amount for the Special Action Committee on Okinawa (SACO) and exclude milita " for relocation of military installations. see Cooper. 'The military expenditure of the USSR and the Russian Federation. 91.4.2 stan or Iraq. 25. 457 and nd Montenegro on 3 June 2006 and was accepted as a member of the United Nations on 28 June 2006. the Assam Rifles. ding estimates for items not included in the official defence budget. ssification changes in the Turkmen system of public accounts. the Indo-Tibetan Border Police and. The figures for 2009 include a 33 billion rupees supplemental allocatio to roughly 3. 2009 and 2010. SIPRI Year June 2006. These amounted to 449. respectively. which averaged 27 million lats per year over 1996–98. Aid to Afghanistan was 18. From 1990-2006.1 million and 0 million kina. which in 2009 included $4 billion from the USA. The figures for Venezuela do not include substant nting for a substantial part of total military spending. J. are from July-June. mation of actual spending because of the political turmoil during the year. and IMF Government Finance S . up to 2006-07. armed forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. as the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC).7 million koruny in 2004 and 612. 1987–97'. 2007 and 2008 respectively. Military aid from foreign donors. and additional domestic defence spending such as the Armed Forces Modernization Fund and some additional Defence R USSR and Russia. relocations of US bases. 16 times Afghanistan’s he Border Security Force. 1712 and 1749 million Leva for 2006. The figures for GDR in constant U he Icelandic Defence Agency in June 2008 there was not a budget provided for defence affairs/ military affairs. 2006 and 2007 of 343. it is possible that the figures up to 2003 include spending on some forces not included from 2004. th on of 28 billion rupees for war-related expenditure. l 6-month financial year from July-December 2007. the Central Reserve Police Force. id by Russia.3 billion a wing to the extreme variation of in stated the exchange rate between the kyat and the US dollar. es. een in the light of considerable difference beetwen the official and the unofficial exchange rates. order troops were transfered from the Ministry of Defence to the Ministry of Interior Affairs and part of the military pension military pensions and paramilitary forces. government expenditure for repayments on a loan for a military radar system. or spending by cantons and local government. The figures for the UK from 2001 are based on the "Net Cash Requirement" figures given in the Ann parate entry up to and including the year 1991. This accounts for much of the decrease in Estonian militar y due to a change in the French budgetary system and financial law. military spending by cantons and source based system. due to the high rate of infla ncy using the market exchange rate for the base year of 2008 of 1 dollar = 46. The Iceland mounts to about 4. No official data for Iran was available for 2009 and 2010. The figures up to 2005 are for the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (known as the Federal Republic of Yu reak between 2000 and 2001. Previous financial years. Stated exchange rates v an National Army. The only available source of data is from IMF Staff Country Reports. which was formed in 2005 from the Croat-Bosniac army of the Federation of Bosn 008: 1393. For 2008.5 syrian pounds.8.1 mi Slovakia on 1 Jan. Syria operated cking in transparency. are for the adopted budget rather than for the actual expenditure. but a media e budget figures that may be subject to revision due to variations in the price of oil. from 200 ending on paramilitary forces .the Frontier Corps (Civil Armed Forces) and Pakistan Rangers. and Welfare for Troops.inistry of Defence and are suspected to come from different stages of the budget process. secondly.5% of the total. Constant dollar figures are not available due to the lack of reliable econom ence procurement. orces. Figures in the table for constant dollars are based on subsequent CPI and exchange rate data fo 010. The sums allocated were 147.

Figures in the table for constant dollars are based on subsequent price and exchange rate data for the united Republ . 1990.en Arab Republic (North Yemen) and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen).

and in US$ from 2010.3. amount to $232 million.7 and 293. for 2009. then fell in 2009. to 2006. The figures for 2005 and 2006 include allocations for the African Union (AU) peacekeeping m ears are based on the same definition. gure shown for 2000 is the sum of the figure for FY 1999-2000 (5. Due to lack of meaningful price data in 2008 due to hyperinflation.9 billion guaranies respectively. The figures budget and extra-budgetary. and by promissory notes. it is not possible to p onstant price (2008) US$. no data data is availab provision of N$104 million for the Namibian military presence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).per cent. s for 2006 are not available. also along with copper prices. 8.754m Dirhams) and the figure for a special 6-month fin ghly uncertain economic statistics due to the impact of war on the Angolan economy. 271. but available information suggests a large increase over 2005. Gabon: Request for Stan-by Arrangement se was financed by a credit from the banking system. creased rapidly between 2005 and 2008 owing to rising copper prices. respectively. Data for military expenditure as a share of GD military spending would. It is not clear if any of these extra funds were allocated to the military. and a smaller increase from 20 m foreign oil companies active in Gabon (see International Monetary Fund (IMF). due to the lack of reliable inflation data for Cuba. ent between 2002-2004. 2009 and 2010 amounted to 208. ent the dollar value of military expenditure at the market exchange rate for that year. 239. . Due to the conflict.

crease in Estonian military spending in 2010. these totaled 16. are now included. 20. respectively. Syria operated an official exchange rate of 1 dollar = 11. 457 and 530 million lei. see Shaoguang Wang. 91.8 and 31. subsequent financial years.3 billion and 1048. ome additional Defence R&D. ency and as share of GDP for the period 1989-98. 2008.8 billion Won in 2009 and 2010 respectively.8. rder Police and. 2008. The Net Cash Requirement e lack of reliable economic data for Yugoslavia and its successor states. The figures prior to 2005 in d were 147. but a media report claimed that the budget for the Ministry of Defence and Army was 64. Between 2004 and 2010 these additional sums varied between about 240 million and 640 m on. is not included. 2007. A.1 million koruny in 2005. The Icelandic Defence Agency is responsible for maintaining defence installations such as the Icelandic Air D rt of the military pensions.2. The figures for military expenditure a of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb Army of Republika Srpska.7. previously entirely excluded. SI SACO) and exclude military pensions. 54. which was used in previous edition MF Government Finance Statistics.4 percentage points.6 and 55. SIPRI Yearbook 1998: Armaments. 2009 and 2010respectively. from 2007 the Sashastra Seema Bal but do not include spending on military nuclear activities. pending by cantons and local government typically amounted to between 5-8% of the central government spending figure " figures given in the Annual UK Defence Statistics. rom July-June. Stated exchange rates vary from 6. and should be interpreted with caution. Defence spending in the Public Secto es supplemental allocation following the end of the civil war.225 Syrian pounds. 16 times Afghanistan’s domestic military expenditure.076 to 960 Kyat/US$ (2003). 53. which are closest to the old cash definition. 9 and 2010. res for GDR in constant US dollars are based on subsequent price and exchange rate data for the united Germany. reviously. and sh ilitary affairs.2 million Koruny in 2006. 7.ures for Peru in 2005 do not include the transfer of 20% of gas production revenues from state-owned company CAMISEA a do not include substantial extra-budgetary expenditure on arms imports. n 2000 and 2001 is overestimated by 1. 1989 to 98. nd exchange rate data for the Czech Republic. 2009 and 2010. The military expenditure of China. Disarmament and International Security (Oxford University Press: Oxfor he Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until February 2003) and for 2006 onwards for Serbia alone.4. mounted to 449. 1987–97'. are from January-December.000 billion rials in 20 e to the high rate of inflation. nd 2007 of 343. Aid to Iraq was 1. from 2008. The Country Reports include two lines relating to military expenditure: The "Goods and .4 billion rupees respectively.

and should be interpreted with caution. .ata for the united Republic of Yemen.

5 million. for Stan-by Arrangement-Staff Report. Press Relase on the Executive Board Discussion. smaller increase from 2006 to 2007. no data data is available for 1999 and the consistency before and after this year is uncertain. . on (AU) peacekeeping missions. in on.for a special 6-month financial year from July-December 2000 (8. The figures for 2002 include a supplementary allocation of N$78. g with copper prices. and Statement b t.210m Dirhams). The constant dollar figures are therefore given enditure as a share of GDP are not shown due to the lack of reliable GDP data for Cuba. Rwanda switched from a January-December to a July-June Fiscal Year from July 2009. Congo (DRC). it is not possible to provide a single constant price series for Zimbabwe. Staff Statement.

2009 and 2010. uch as the Icelandic Air Defence System. Disarmament and International Security (Oxford University Pres ear activities.3. 5 and 3. Syria abolished the official rate in 2007. 1989 to 98. nding in the Public Sector Development Plan amounted to 2.wned company CAMISEA for the armed forces and national police. and should be interpreted with caution. or military expenditure as a share of GDP for Timor-Leste are based on GDP data that excludes oil and gas revenues. PPP rates wer vernment spending figures. whic e figures prior to 2005 include expenditure for both the army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Army o united Germany. intelligence gathering and military exercises.” ut 240 million and 640 million Zlotys.500 billion rials in 2009 s used in previous editions of the database. while the budget for the IRGC was 48. pp. The effect on the figures for UK s 64. d University Press: Oxford. 1998). SIPRI Yearbook 1999: Armaments. 243–59.000 billion rials in 2009 and 90000 billion rials in 2010. moving to the parallel market rate tha nditure: The "Goods and Services" expenditure of the Defence and Interior Ministries (which does not include military wag . of China.9 billion rupees in 2008. appendix 6D. he Net Cash Requirement definition differ slightly from the cash definition used up to 2000. Up to and including the SIPRI Yearbook 2002.

.

07/174 (IMF: Washington.cussion. A bridging 6-month mini-budget was enac gures are therefore given in constant 2005 US$ up to 2006. and in constant 2009 US$ for 2010. and Statement by the Executive director for Gabon. Country Report no. These two series may NO . May 2007 Year from July 2009. DC. in accordance with the East Africa Community guidelines.

which the reports say are "mainly" . which in recent years have been several times higher than Timor-Leste's GDP itself. The estimates for the years 1999-2010 are based on: publicly-availab 2009 and 2010. ffect on the figures for UK military expenditure is unknown. il and gas revenues. pp. and "Abu Dhabi Federal Services". 8. SIPRI has been unable to verify this report. book 2002. s not include military wages. PPP rates were used for Russia for converting local currency figures to constant dollars. zegovina and the Army of Republika Srpska. salaries and pensions). 1999).500 billion rials in 2009 and 58250 billion rials in 2010. Data for Bosnia and Herzegovina does not include spending on arms imports. 349. e parallel market rate that had previously operated unofficially.y (Oxford University Press: Oxford.

.

DC. 13. nth mini-budget was enacted for the first half of 2009. p. These two series may NOT be connected. The figures for Zimbabwe in general should be used with caution due to an extre .ashington. May 2007).

estimates based on official pending on arms imports.ased on: publicly-available figures for official military expenditure and for certain other items. The Gvernment Finance Statistics give only the Goods and Se . reports say are "mainly" defence and security expenditures.

.

Zimbabwe changed currencies in 2006 from the Zimbabwean .h caution due to an extreme level of inflation in the country.

Wang's methodology for others. where no official data is ve only the Goods and Services figures. for the most recent years. The SIPRI figures are estimated as 80% of the "Abu Dhabi Federal Services" item.timates based on official data and Prof. .

.

and figures up to 2006 .006 from the Zimbabwean dollar to the new Zimbabwean dollar at the rate of New Z$1= Z$1 000.

plus 100% of the "Goods and services" figures. The latter item is estimated for 2006-10 assumin .. estimates are based on either the percentage change in official milita bi Federal Services" item. where no official data is available for certain items.

.

The figure in 1999 includes a supplementary allocation .. and figures up to 2006 have been converted to the new currency.

and in the case of the commerci ated for 2006-10 assuming a constant real value. . recent trends in spending in the same category.ge change in official military expenditure.

.

supplementary allocation of New Z$ 1. .8 million.

. on the assumption of a gradual decrease.the case of the commercial earnings of the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA).

.

.

.a gradual decrease.

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