2D and 3D Imaging for Art

Syllabus Course description: This course will explore imaging methods regularly used by cultural heritage scientists and conservators for the scientific and forensic investigation of art objects. We will see how specific ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum are used to detect features such as underdrawing (infrared), retouchings (false color infrared) and varnishes (ultraviolet). We will also cover imaging in 3D and thermal infrared for investigation of historical architecture. Students will practice all methods in lab with state of the art imaging equipment. Upon completion, this course is worth one (1) credit. Instructor information: Dr. Antonino Cosentino Post –doc, Department of Math and Science Office: ARC Lower Level E5 Office Hours: Mondays 4 pm- 5 pm, or by appointment E-mail: acosent7@pratt.edu Phone: 718-636-3764 E-mail is the best (and preferred) way to reach me for a question or to schedule an appointment outside of office hours. Class meeting time: Mondays 5 pm – 8 pm in ARC E7 Wednesdays 5 pm – 8 pm in ARC E7 Fridays 9:30 am – 1230 pm in ARC E7 Course goals:

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To increase students’ interest into science and technology by exposing them to a range of case studies resolved by means of different imaging techniques. To gain an understanding of the electromagnetic spectrum and how its components are used for imaging.
To gain an appreciation of the utility of imaging to allow us the understanding of the materials and objects we deal with.

Learning objectives: By the end of this course, students should be able to….  Demonstrate understanding of concepts of light as a wave and as a particle.  Be conversant in general topics related to issues of art investigation such as pigment identification.  Communicate and collaborate effectively across the art & science disciplines.  Describe the basic design of various scientific imaging instruments.  Perform imaging investigations on art objects in the lab.  To develop an analytical attitude toward investigative tasks.

2D and 3D Imaging for art

Fall 2012

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Week 1


Topic(s) Introduction to the course and to cultural heritage science; Imaging with visible and UV light; Lab raking light, macrophotography, UV fluorescence, UVR Imaging with IR Lab Infrared False color, Digital infrared

Key Questions How science is applied to art and archaeology? Who are Cultural heritage scientists? What is UV fluorescence?

Readings Mould Chapter 4

How to imaging in the near infrared? What is a CCD?

Richards Chapter 1


Imaging with IRR Lab IR Reflectography with Vidicon IR camera

Why IR can penetrate pigments?

Taft pp125-127 Creagh Chapter 3 p. 42-55


Imaging with Thermal Infrared 3D imaging with structured light Lab Thermography Lab structured light Microscopy Lab Cross-sections Stereomicroscopy Polarizing microscopy

What is blackbody radiation?

Kaplan Chapter 1, 2, 8. Richards Chapter 2


What’s polarized light?


Learning Management System (LMS): During the course of the semester, we will make use of Pratt’s Learning Management System (LMS). To access the LMS, go to http://lms.pratt.edu/. Use your ONEKEY username and password to log in. I may be using the LMS to send email announcements during the semester, so please make sure that you check the email address listed under your LMS profile regularly. “I forgot to check my Pratt email” is not a valid excuse. I try to make the assignments, announcements, and other documents I post on the LMS as universally-readable as possible. The only proprietary program you will need to have loaded onto your computer is Acrobat Reader, which can be downloaded here: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html *Important*: If you should have any problems with the LMS, immediately contact me via email or phone, or visit the Help Desk in the basement of the Engineering Building (they can also be
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contacted at x3765 or helpdesk@pratt.edu). In order for me to verify claims of LMS outages, I must hear from you when the LMS problem occurs, not hours or days later. Course requirements: Textbooks, readings, and materials: In accordance with the weekly outline of the course you will be assigned one or more readings each week. The reading may come from one of the following textbooks listed below. Since I have not been able to find one perfect textbook for this course I have been compelled to use relevant chapters from different textbooks. I will provide all readings (hardcopy or uploaded to the LMS) for the class and you are not required to buy any textbooks for use in this course.       A. A. Richards “Alien Vision: Exploring the Electromagnetic Spectrum with Imaging Technology, Second Edition” SPIE press (2001). P. Mould “The art detective” Viking editor (2010). W. Stanley Taft, Jr, J. W. Mayer “The Science of Paintings” Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. (2000). D.C. Creagh, DA Bradley “Radiation in Art and Archeometry” Elsevier (2000). H. Kaplan “Practical applications of Infrared Thermal Sensing and Imaging Equipment” SPIE Press (2007). W. C McCrone “The Microscopical Identification of Artists' Pigments” Journal of the International Institute for Conservation—Canadian Group7(1–2):11–34 (1982).

Assessment and Grading for Undergraduates and Graduates:  40% Quizzes  60% Participation  Participation is heavily weighted in this course. All students are expected to contribute to classroom discussion at every class meeting.

Policies:  I expect you to maintain the civility and integrity in and out of the classroom. Being in class means arriving on time, turning off cell phones, respecting the right of others to speak. Out of class means properly citing all work that is not your own. Any disruptive, disrespectful, or dishonest behavior will be promptly reported to the appropriate campus authority. Students must adhere to all Institute-wide policies listed in the Bulletin under “Community Standards” and which include policies on attendance, academic integrity, plagiarism, computer, and network use. Please see http://www.pratt.edu/policies (click on Judicial Procedures) for policies and procedures for handling academic conduct issues.  Those who require special accommodations for disabilities must obtain clearance from the Office of Disability Services at the beginning of the semester. Please contact Mai McDonald, Disability Services Coordinator, in the Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs, Main Building, Lower Level: 718-636-3711. See http://www.pratt.edu/disabilityservices/ for more information.

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It is expected that you will attend class on time. Partial attendance, i.e. lateness or early departure, will each count as one-half an absence if not excused in advance. In addition, lateness and absence can adversely affect your participation grade. Two absences may result in failure. If all absences are excused by Health and Counseling Services, special arrangements will be made. It is expected that students will check the course website on LMS to download readings, check guidelines for assignments, and check for course announcements.

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2D and 3D Imaging for art

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