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Problem 1

Friday, November 16, 2012 3:53 PM

From the time it takes to perform the number of vibrations, we can get the frequency.

The velocity is found with the distance traveled in the given time.

With this info, we can get the wavelength using

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Problem 2
Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM

Transverse velocity is dy/dt. We evaluate this at the time t and position x given.

The speed is the absolute value of this velocity...

Transverse acceleration is dv/dt. We evaluate this at the time t and position x given.

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Wavelength is found using k.

Period is found using .

Speed of propagation is given by...

If you are curious, it is moving to the left at this speed.

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Problem 3
Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM

We know how to determine velocity from string tension and mass/length.

Solving for the mass/length...

Now that we know the mass per length, we can find velocity as a function of tension.

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Problem 4
Friday, November 16, 2012 3:53 PM

We can get the rate of energy transfer using the equation from the notes. Obviously, the velocity is found using

Plugging it in

In part a), we get the energy per time. To find the energy in a cycle, we integrate over a period.

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Problem 5
Friday, November 16, 2012 3:53 PM

We have an expression for the velocity of sound as a function of temperature

but this doesn't give us any reason. For the reason, we would like to use the expression...

The density of air is going to go up as temperature goes down. This


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The density of air is going to go up as temperature goes down. This means the velocity will decrease because the air density increases. The velocity is going to be...

The frequency is set by the oscillator or source. This frequency does not change. This means the frequency is

Because the velocity charges and the frequency does not, the wavelength must change.

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Problem 6
Friday, November 16, 2012 3:53 PM

Because we know the sound level, we can find the intensity of sound in the church.

Now that we know the intensity, we can use the relation...

...to find the power. Once we know the power, we can integrate over time to get the power.

Once the sound leaves the building, the church becomes a point source for sound. The power will be spread over an area of 2r2, giving a new intensity at the distance r.

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the distance r.

With this new intensity, we can convert to sound level.

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Problem 7
Friday, November 16, 2012 3:53 PM

We have two intensities that we are dealing with. The intensity from the rink is...

The intensity from the baby is...

The total intensity that I experience is...

Now that we know the total intensity that we are experiencing, we can convert this to sound level.

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Problem 8
Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM

Using our formulas for the Doppler Effect, this is pretty straight forward. In this part, the observer (me) is traveling toward the source (the police car) and the source is moving toward the observer.

In this part, the observer is moving away from the source and the source is moving away from the observer.

To find the comparable situation to part a, the police car is coming up behind me. The source is moving toward me but I am moving away from the source.
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from the source.

After the police car has passed me (not likely) the source is moving away from me but I am moving toward the source.

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Problem 9
Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM

We found the equation for the fundamental frequency in class.

The next three allowed frequencies are the second, third and fourth harmonics.

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Problem 10
Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM

What we are seeing is two adjacent harmonics.

The only snag is that the frequency is constant, it is the tension that changes.

Here, as the harmonic goes up, the mass must go down. This is consequence of the fixed frequency. In other words, m1 > m2. We can now solve for n.

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Now because we know the value for n, we can use either situation to find the frequency of the oscillator.

The largest possible mass is going to give us the fundamental frequency.

Solving for mL.

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Problem 11
Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM

For the open pipe, we are looking at the fundamental frequency.

We just solve this for the length.

In this closed pipe, we are told the frequency of the third resonance. Because even harmonics are not allowed, this is the 5th harmonic.

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Problem 12
Saturday, June 16, 2012 6:10 PM

It is possible to do this in a one-step approach, but look at why it happens this way. As I move toward the wall with the fork, the wall sees a frequency

When the sound is reflected, I am moving (as an observer) toward the wall.

The beat frequency will be due to the relationship between f '' and f.

If I walk away from the wall, f is greater than f ''. Also, my velocity changes sign...

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Now I need to solve this for the velocity.

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