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ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSIENTS

AIM: To study the effect in electromagnetic transients in power supply THEORY: Transient phenomena is a periodic function of time and does not-last longer than the operator for which they lost in very insurant compared with operator time of system. They are very important. The power system can be considerably made up of lines. Reduces elements of RF and the circuits is normally organized and carrier load until OC fault occurs, the fault corresponds to closing the switch. The redistribution is accomplished in general by ac transient period during which the resultant to relic that these redistribution of I and V cannot take place instantly for the following reason. Transient in single circuits with DC source . R-only As soon as the switch is closed the current is determined by using ohms law. I=V/R No transients will be there . L-only When switch is closed the current is given by I(s)=V(S)/z(s)={VI/s2L}=(V/l)*t It is shown that when a pure inductance is switched on to a DC source the current at t=0 and increases linearly for infinity. .C-only When switch is closed current is circuit is given by I(s)=V(s)/Z(s)={V/S}C s=VC Therefore to have transients in an electrical system the following requirements should be used. Either inductance or capacitance of both should be present. 1. Fundamental frequency 2. Natural frequency

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Ex. No.: 3. There is also another component called thermionic due to unbalanced current. Natural

frequency occurs after the occurrence of certain fault which is added to fundamental frequency which consist transient voltage.
4. Transient which are in form of energy storage magnetic or electric is consider is called single

energy transient. If those are both in magnetic and electric energies it is called double energy transients. The electromagnetic energy standby an inductance L is (1/2) LI^2 where I is instantaneous value of current assuming L to be constantly changing in current which an inductance is allowed.
5. There are only to two components of which store energy and redistribution of energy

following in a circuit change takes a finite time. 1. I cant change instantaneously through induction 2. V across the capacitor cant change instantaneous
3. How of conservation of energy must hold.

Which an impulse of strength where s is closed |Vm*cos/ L S^2+^2 + Vm*s.sin/ L S^2+^2| V= Vm sin(t + ) I(S)= Vm * cos / (s+)(s2+2) Now L-I I(s) = (Vm/(L2+2))( cos ){e-at+(a/)sint-cost}+sin {a cost +sint- e-t } It can be simplified to {Vm/(R2+ 2 L2)V}{sin (+0-0)-( sin(0-0) e-at)} The first term in above can is steady state sinusoidal vibration and second term in the transient part after infinite line.

RESULT: The effect of transient in power system is studied.