Rycom MODEL 2172

SELECTIVE VOLTMETER
SERIAL NO.
REPLACEMENT PARTS - see MAINTENANCE, Parts Ordering.
Changes special to this unit ___
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MOD E L 217 2
SELECTIVE V O L T ~ m T E R
. . . . .
INDEX
Addendum (when required) . •• . ••.......•.•.•...
Inspection . . . . •. ....• • . • • . . • .
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . • . • . . • . . • . • .
Description • . . . • . • . • . • . • . . • . . . .
Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . • • . • . • • • .
Maintenance . • . . • . •
Parts Ordering • . . . • • . • . • •. ..• • • .
PARTS LIST . . . . . . • • . . . . . . . . . . . .
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SELECTIVE VOlTMETER
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MODEL 2174A
CAl '2 LEv
CAL' tRIM

AM lSB
0"
MONITOR
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-
AUDIO IN
SPECIFICATIONS
MOD'EL
FREQUENCY
RANGE
SELECTIVITY
LEVEL
FULL SCALE
ACCURACY
TYPICAL FILTER
SELECTIVITY
I
2171A
60 Cycles to 30 Cycle or -68 to +32dbm -+- .5db -80
I
6 Kilocycles 50 Cycle Filter to +32dbm
300 Cycles
to 4 Kilocycles
300 Cycles to 50 Cycle or -68 to +32dbm -+- .5db -80 to
2174A
400 Kilocycles 100 Cycle Filter +32 dbm. 300
*
to 400 Kilocycles
SPURIOUS RESPONSE: Below 60db
LOW INTERMODULATlON: Below 60db
POWER REQUIREMENTS: 115 V. A.C.-50/60 Cycles. WEIGHT: 28 Ibs.
* Including a wider filter and demodulator for monitoring SSB, AM and FM signals.
30 CYCLE FILTER
6db- 35 Cycles
60db-250 Cycles
50 CYCLE FILTER
6db- 60 Cycles
60db-450 Cycles
100 CYCLE FILTER
6db-140 Cycles
60db-900 Cycles
I
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A highly selective measuring instrument, utilizing the hetero­
dyne principle with balanced modulation, offers fast and
accurate means of making amplitude measurements. High
resolution is achieved by means of highly selective crystal

filters, with a 50 or 100 cycle filter available for amplitude
A Division of
measurements. *A 3 kilocycle filter with demodulator is pro­
RAILWAY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
vided for monitoring of SSB speech or tone signals.
9351 East 59th Street Raytown, Missouri
MODEL 2174A FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DESIGN
BAND WIDTH
DBM
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450KC
500
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FILTER RESPONSE CURVES ... MODEL 2174A
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FREQUENCY IN CHIS 1I(QI(I" I. KILltTeliS 'UII£ltf II IllOCYCLES Il£aUIC' II IILlCfCUS
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<Bandwidth
50 CYCLE FILTER
6db - 60 Cycles
60db - 450 Cycles
100 CYCLE FILTER Submit your requirements for special deviations from above instruments
6db - 140 Cycles
60d b - 900 Cycles
3KC FILTER
3db - 2140 Cycles
45db - 4200 Cycles
10KC FILTER
3d b - 4460 Cycles
45db - 24,950 Cycles
* Average Measure
A Division of
RAILWAY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
9351 E,59TH STREET, RAYTOWN, MISSOURI
Phone: Code #816-FLeming 3-2100
Printed in U. S. A.
INSPECTION
This instrument has been thoroughly tested and inspected before shipment.
The instrument should be inspected for damage as soon as it is received.
If no damage is apparent, test for operation according to operating instruc­
tions in this manual.

The Selective Voltmeter is a highly selective instrument for voltage
measurements of frequencies from .3 to 160 kc, varying in level from -90 to
+32 dbm (30 volts maximum without external attenuator). Zero dbm reference
is 1 milliwatt of power (or .775 volts) in a 600Q load. The input signal
is attenuated to the proper value by the attenuator, amplified and demodu­
lated to 500 kc by a shunt type demodulator and variable oscillator. This
500 kc signal passes through a sharp crystal filter, then is amplified and
detected. The dc output is applied to a 200 microampere meter. The meter
has dbm and voltage scales and is calibrated to indicate the signal level
at the instrument's input connector.
A wide crystal filter or broad tuning may be selected for In
this use the SOO kc amplifier output is demodulated by a shunt type demodu­
lator and crystal oscillator for upper or lower sidebands, by a conventional
diode detector for signals, or by slope detection of FM signals. The
monitor output is to a speaker or headset jack. An internal calibrating
circuit is provided so calibration can be made or checked as desired.
DESCRIPTION
GENERAL
All symbols referred to such as (Vl) (X9) (RS3) or capitalized such as CAL
1 LEV or METER are stamped on the chassis or front panel of the instrument
and/or used in the schematic drawing.
The input circuit contains a condenser (Cl) to block DC potentials, a trans­
former in the input of 3002 filter so that measurements can be made on bal­
anced circuits, a 400 kilocycle lowpass filter (3002) and an attenuator.
The input impedance and balance or unbalance is controlled by UNBAL-BAL
switch (Sl). The ATTENUATOR properly adjusts the input signal applied to
Vl and has a CAL position used in calibrating the instrument. The isola­
tion amplifier (Vl) feeds a shunt type balanced demodulator (V2) whose bal­
ance is controlled by MOD BAL controls C & R. A variable frequency LC os­
cillator (! V3) and phase inverter (! V3) supplies carrier frequency for
demodulation. This frequency is controlled by the main tuning condenser
(C36), BAND SEL switch (S3) and a trimmer condenser (e83) CAL 2 TRIM. The
50 cps or 3 kc crystal filter (Xl through X4 & Tl or XS through X8 & T2)
or 10 kc broad coupling (C26 and 29) passes the lower sideband of demodula­
tion. The SOO kc IF amplifier (V4& VS) feeds both the measure
and monitor (V8, 9 & 10) sections of the instrument. The IF amp11f1er ga1n
is adjusted by CAL 2 LEV (R37). The meter circuit amplifier (Vo) feeds a
series shunt type meter rectifier (D3 & D4) whose output indicates on a 200
microampere meter calibrated in dbm and volts.
1
The amplifier (V8) feeds a series type demodulator (Dl, D2) for monitoring
lower sideband (LSB) or upper sideband (USB) signals. The carrier for this
demodulator is supplied by a crystal controlled oscillator (! V9). For mon­
itoring amplitude modulated signals or slope detection of FM signals, this
oscillator is made inoperative and diode D2 removed thus the circuit oper­
ates as a conventional diode detector. The resulting audio signal passes
through the RC filter (R40, C57, C58) and amplifier (! V9, VIa) to the
speaker or a headset plugged into the HEADSET jack (J3). The audio output
amplitude is controlled by the potentiometer LEV (R42).
An audio signal may be amplified by inserting it in the AUDIO IN jack (if
provided) just ahead of the audio amplifier (! V9 & VIO).
A self contained calibration oscillator (! V7) is coupled to a cathode fol­
lower (A V7) whose output is adjusted by the potentiometer CAL 1 LEV (R55).
Plate power is furnished by a bridge type full wave selenium rectifier (SRI).
A voltage regulator tube (Vll) stabilizes the plate supply to all cir­
cuits except the monitor section.
To prevent heater to cathode leakage and to lower 60 cps modulation (partic­
ularly in VI & V2) the filaments are 50 volts DC above ground (R5-8, C9-10).
60 modulation is further reduced by operating VI filament from a DC sup­
ply (C99·- 101, SR5, SR6, R72).
INPUT
An input impedance of 135Q, 600Q or bridging may be selected by the UNBAL­
BAL switch (Sl). This switch also changes the input circuit from unbalanced
to balanced on any impedance. The BRIDGE input impedance is
10,000 ohms from 1 to 30 kc, gradually falling to approximately 8,000 ohms
at 160 kc.
An input impedance of 150 ohms instead of 135 ohms may be obtained by re­
moving resistor R3.
Frequencies to be measured are connected to the INPUT connector (Jl). Both
sides of the connector are insulated from the front panel, thus isolating
it from chassis ground during balanced measurements.
ATTENUATOR
The attenuator provides 0 to 100 db of attenuation for measuring signals
between -68 and +32 dbm (full scale meter indication).
The CAL position is connected to the voltage divider of the calibrate oscil­
lator output for calibrating the isolation and IF amplifiers.
LOCAL OSCILLATOR (3019)
The local oscillator (3019) is a hartley type using i of tube V3. The tank
circuit consists of coil L3 and capacitors C36, C40 through C49,C83,C84,
C88 & C9l through C95. Capacitor C36 is the main tuning capacitor. The
even numbered capacitors C40 through C48 & C88 are the trimmer capacitors
2
for calibrating each band. Coil L3 and capacitor C92 are used to set freq­
uency tracking. Capacitor C83 (CAL is a front panel control affect­
ing all bands and is used for frequency calibration utilizing the self-con­
tained calibrate oscillator as a standard.
The local oscillator is varied from 500.3 to 660 kilocycles by BAND SEL
and the main tuning cap. to measure frequencies of .3 to 160 kilo­
cycles respectively as indicated on the frequency dial. For example, a
Gignal of 1 kc is fed into the instrument. The BAND SEL switch is set on
and frequency dial tuned to 1.0 kc. The local oscillator is now oscilla­
ting at 501 kc and the lower sideband of demodulation is 500 kc which is the
center frequency of the crystal filter.
The oscillator half of V3 feeds the phase inverter half of V3 which provides
2pproximately equal potential (about 2 volts) to a plate and cathode of the
demodulator tube V2. Potentiometers R25 (screwdriver control inside 3019
assy) and R24 (R MOD BAL on front panel) and capacitors C81 (screwdriver
triwner inside 3019 assy) and C80 (C MOD BAL on front panel) adjusts the
resistive and capacitive components in the demodulator circuit to give a
minimum of oscillator potential at the cathode-plate junction of V2 (pins
1 & 2). Balancing of the demodulator becomes critical only when the local
oscillator frequency approaches the passband of the crystal filter (i.e.,
500 kc). vfuen the oscillator is at 500 kc and the potential at V2 pin 1 &
2 is balanced to the equivalent of -80 db at the input terminals, the meter
will indicate -10. As the oscillator frequency is increased, the upper side
of the crystal filter helps lower the local oscillator frequency potential
that reaches the meter. The narrow crystal filter rejection band provides
at least 80 db of attenuation, thus precise balance is not necessary except
for measuring low frequencies. The ";Demodulator Balance
ii
paragraph of
110perating Instructions
17
gives further details.
The local oscillator is calibrated by feeding a known frequency into the
instrument, setting the frequency dial on the correct dial calibration and
adjusting the band trimmer capacitor to obtain a peak meter indication.
During operation,calibration at 1000 cps can be made using front panel con­
trols only. For this the self-contained calibrate oscillator frequency is
fed into VI, the frequency dial is set at 1 kc and the meter indication
peaked using CAL 2
CALIBRATE OSCILLATOR
The calibrate oscillator is a hartley oscillator using! of tube V7. It is
to a cathode follower V7) whose output is adjusted by the poten­
tiometer CAL 1 LEV (R55). Plate power is supplied to the calibrate oscil­
lator only when the BAND SEL switch is in the CAL position, thus it operates
only during calibration. This oscillator supplies potential for both ampli­
tude and frequency calibration as given in the calibration paragraph. The
calibrate oscillator is approximately 970 cps and calibrates the unit at
1000 cps (1.0 on band A). The difference in frequency compensates for cap­
acity change in the BAND SEL switch when rotated from A to CAL.
3

SELECTIVITY
The SELECTIVITY switch is used to select one of three filters at the demod­
ulator output. The position marked 50 - selects a sharp crystal filter for
measuring. The position marked 3 KC selects a filter of appropriate width
for demodulating 3 or 4 kc single sideband voice channels. The position
marked 10 KC selects
mers determine the ba
the back of the book.
a
n
coupling network
dwidth of this position.
to the IF amplifier whose
The response curves
transfor­
are in
D.1QNITOR
The control marked MONITOR is an on-off switch for the AC power to the in­
strument and the gain control of the audio amplifier of the monitor section.
The USB position of the MONITOR switch connects a 501.47 kc crystal to the
monitor oscillator for demodulating upper sideband signals. The LSB posi­
tion connects a 489.53 kc crystal to the oscillator for demodulating lower
sideband signals. The AM position disconnects the plate power to the oscil­
lator and disconnects diode D2 thus converting the series type demodulator
to a diode detector. The AM position is for monitoring amplitude or freq­
uency modulated voice channels or signals.
METER SilJITCH
The switch (S5) controls the input to the meter circuit (V6, D3 & D4
and meter). The OFF position shorts the meter input terminals to prevent
pinning the needle while monitoring weak signals. The ON position connects
the IF amplifier output to the meter circuit for measuring and for the sec­
ond step of calibration. The CAL 1 position connects the calibrate oscil­
lator output to the meter for the first step of calibration.
CALIBRATION
INTERNAL CALIBRATION, amplitude and frequency: Internal calibration cal­
ibrates the frequency dial and voltage (or DB) meter indication. This is
done entirely with front panel controls utilizing the self-contained cal­
ibrate oscillator and precision voltage divider for standards. Step-by­
step procedure is given in the operating instructions.
Internal calibration is accomplished in two steps. The first step consists
of feeding the calibrate oscillator output direct to the meter stage and
adjusting the oscillator output (CAL 1 LEV) to give any desired meter indi­
cation (usually 0). The first part of the second step calibrates the freq­
uency. It consists of rotating the FREQUENCY dial pointer to 1.0 on the A
band and adjusting the CAL 2 TRIM control for a peak meter indication. This
adjustment tunes the local oscillator to the correct frequency for receiv­
ing 1000 cps. The second part of the second step calibrates the gain of the
amplifiers to give proper meter indication. This consists of feeding the
calibrate oscillator output through the precision voltage divider (R57-R60
and attenuator CAL position), isolation amp IF amp W4-V5) to the meter
stage, and adjusting the IF amp gain (CAL 2 LEV) to give the same meter in­
dication set in step 1. This sets the isolation and IF amplifier gain equal
to the loss in the precision voltage divider.
4
BASIC CALIBRATION, amplitude: Basic calibration adjusts the precision
voltage divider (R57-R60 and attenuator CAL position) to give the correct
voltage (or DB) indication on the meter, using an accurate external source
as a standard. This adjustment is made at the factory. It can be checked
and readjusted, (CAL 3) if necessary, as given in the maintenance section.
Basic calibration consists of feeding 0 dbm into the input of the instrument
and adjusting CAL 2 LEV (R37) to give zero on the meter. Next the calibrate
oscillator output is fed directly to the meter and adjusted by CAL 1 LEV to
give 0 on the meter. It is then fed through the isolation amplifier (VI),
IF amp (V4,5} to the meter stage and CAL 3 (R58) is adjusted for 0 meter
indication. This adjusts the loss in the voltage divider to a value equal
to the gain required in the amplifiers to give a correct meter indication.
FREQUENCY BAND CALIBRATION, using external frequency source: The coil L3
is trimmed to set the tracking of the D,E & F bands. The capacitor C92 is
adjusted to set the tracking of the A,B & C bands. Tracking is normally set
on the F and C bands. Anyone frequency on each band may be calibrated by
feeding a known frequency into the instrument and adjusting trimmers C88 and
C48 through C40, each for the proper band. The band trimmers are progres­
sively added to the tank circuit, thus adjustment must be made in order from
the F band to the A band. Details for frequency band calibration are given
in the maintenance section.
5
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
GENERAL
Operation of the Selective Voltmeter is divided into two major functions,
that of measuring signals as indicated by the meter and that of monitoring
carrier and audio voice bands or signals.
All controls, signal input, audio input and output jacks and power connec­
tions are on the front panel of the portable instrument. Input, output and
power connections may be on the back of the rack mounted instrument.
The power required is 48 watts 50 to 400 cps, 115 volts. Connection is made
to the instrument with the cord furnished in the receptacle (AC). The power
switch is located on the MONITOR LEVEL control where the off position is in­
dicated (AC OFF).
DEMODULATOR BALANCE
Balance the demodulator as follows with the input signal disconnected (for
measuring frequency below 1 kc).
a. Switch positions.
BAND SEL on A or B FREQUENCY dial near 0
SELECTIVITY on 50 ­ METER on ON
MONITOR LEVEL on minimum
b. Adjust MOD BAL controls C and R to obtain a mlnlmum meter reading.
NOTE: If meter reads off scale, adjust FREQUENCY dial up scale
for full scale meter reading, adjust C and R for preliminary bal­
ance (minimum meter reading). Return FREQUENCY dial to zero freq­
uency (maximum meter reading) and rebalance. Repeat if necessary.
At final balance it should be possible to tune across 0 frequency
with an on scale meter reading.
c. If a balance cannot be obtained within the limits (see note cl)
of the C&R control on the front panel, adjust the coarse C&R
balance controls (see note c2). Set the C&R front panel controls
in mid-range and adjust C&R coarse controls until an on scale
balance is obtained. Complete the balance with the front panel
controls.
Note cl: The MOD BAL C&R controls have ball planetary drives.
R has a 10-turn control and C has a 4-turn control. The limits
of rotation are indicated when the drive slips at one extreme
of rotation.
Note c2: Remove the unit from the case and locate the main
oscillator assembly (#3019) under the chassis. Adjust the
capacitor and potentiometer controls through the holes
marked C&R.
The degree of balance needed is dependent on the selectivity of the crystal
filter and the frequency measured.
6
L
The 50 cps crystal filter is down more than 20 db at 200 cps off and 60
db at 250 cps off, thus a 0 db balance will cause negligible error when
measuring a 300 cps or higher tone.
A quick check is to tune in the desired signal, remove the input and observe
the meter reading due to carrier. If it is less than an estimated -25 db,
tlen any reading above -10 db will be affected less than .1 db. NOTE: Do
nnt set the meter zero on 0 volts. The meter zero is used for meter track­
at -10 db.
At low balance, a double peak or erratic meter fluctuations may be noted.
These do not necessarily indicate trouble if the instrument performs sat­
isfactorily when measuring a tone.
The tube used as VI is critical in determining the degree of balance obtain­
able principally due to heater to cathode leakage. Select a 6BH6 tube or
a 6661/6BH6 to give best balance.
INTERNAL CALIBRATION
Calibrate the instrument as follows for direct reading in dbm for the cir­
cuit impedances listed. Calibration for all impedances are based on 0 dbm
equals 1 milliwatt of power. Step CAL 2,b calibrates the frequency. Step
CAL 2,c calibrates the amplitude (meter db or voltage indication). Note:
Amplitude calibration is not essential for frequency calibration, however,
frequency calibration is essential for amplitude calibration.
CAL 1
a. Switch positions.
BAND SELECTOR to CAL ATTENUATOR to CAL METER to CAL 1
b. Adjust CAL 1 LEVEL to give zero on meter DB scale for a 600Q
circuit.
For other circuit impedances adjust CAL 1 LEVEL to the following
meter indications.
(1)
(3)
-6 for 150Q circuit.
-6.7 db for 130Q circuit.
(2)
(4)
-6.5 db
-9.0 db
for 135Q circuit.
for 75Q circuit.
CAL 2
a. Switch positions.
BAND SELECTOR to CAL METER to ON MONITOR to AM
ATTEW0ATOR to CAL SELECTIVITY to 50 -
b. Adjust FREQUENCY dial pointer to 1.0 on A band.
c.
d.
Adjust
Adjust
CAL
CAL
2 TRIM to peak meter (this calibrates VAR OSC
2 LEV to give zero on meter DB scale for ALL

circuit impedances (this calibrates amplitude).
This completes the calibration and the instrument is ready for use. When
precise measurements are needed, it is recormnended that a calibration re­
check be made during the warmup period. See APPENDIX A for precautions.
INPUT CIRCUIT SELECTION
The input may be unbalanced or balanced for an input impedance of 135Q,
600Q, or bridging as selected by the UNBAL-BAL switch. The input jack on
a standard unit takes a 3/4'; spaced dual banana plug. Other input con­
nector types are supplied when so ordered.
7
FREQUENCY SELECTION
Frequency selection is made by means of the BAND SELECTOR, FREQUENCY and
SELECTIVITY controls. The frequency to be measured is tuned in by the
large center knob and position A,B,C, etc., of the BAND SELECTOR switch.
SELECTIVITY
The SELECTDIITY switch selects the crystal filter bandwidth to be used. The
50 cycle position is normally used for measuring and the 3 KC and 10 KC for
monitoring. h ~ e r e signals are spaced wide enough or circuit noise is low
enough, the 3 or 10 KC positions may be used for measuring above 3 to 6 KC
or 10 to 20 KC respectively. For precise measurements the internal cali­
bration must be for the selectivity position to be used.
AMPLITUDE MEASURElVIENT
Connect the signal to be measured to the INPUT JACK. (CAUTION: See over­
load paragraph).
a. Switch positions.
BAND SELECTOR to desired band SELECTIVITY to 50 ­
ATTENUATOR to proper level MONITOR to AM (for precise
METER to ON measurements)
b. Adjust FREQUENCY dial to desired frequency and for maximum
meter indication.
c. Add meter indication and attenuator position algebraically
to obtain amplitude of signal being measured.
LOW FREQUENCY }ffiASUREMENTS
Measurements below about 500 cps require certain precautions. The demodu­
lator must be balanced as given in the Demodulator Balance paragraph to
prevent erroneous meter indication due to carrier leak. Odd harmonics of
60 cps indicate on the meter due to internal coupling in the unit, thus
give a beat and cause erroneous meter indication when attempting to measure
60 and 180 cps, etc. The input impedance below 1 KC with the UNBAL-BAL
switch on the l35Q (or below 300 cps on 600Q position) increases due to the
impedance ratio of Cl to R2 & R3. If 135Q or 600Q impedance is desired at
low frequencies, use the BRIDGE impedance position and an external 135Q or
600Q terminating resistor.
OVERLOAD
The amplifiers of this instrument overload before the meter movement is
damaged on moderate overloads--however excessive or prolonged overloads
should be avoided.
Amplitudes of +20 dbm or higher should not be left applied to the instru­
ment for longer than a minute or two, since the input circuit may heat.
If +20 dbm or higher amplitude is to be connected continuously, a suitable
pad should be connected ahead of the instrument to reduce the level below
+20 dbm.
LOW AMPLITUDE SIGNALS IN PRESENCE OF HIGH AMPLITUDE SIGNALS
Overloading is reduced by introducing attenuation to the input signals.
Therefore when measuring a low level signal, when high levels are also
present, the more accurate reading will be made when the attenuator step
is selected to give a meter reading on the lower 10 db section of the meter
scale. vfuen measuring circuits on which amplitudes are not approximately
known, it is suggested that the entire spectrum be first scanned to deter­
TIline the highest amplitude signals present. This will indicate the lowest
level signals which may be a£curately measured. When highest to lowest
exceed 45 db, some inaccuracy due to overload or intermodulation may
JG When measuring harmonics of a single frequency input, accur­
ate readings may be made 50 db or less for 2nd and 60 db or less for 3rd
.
In any case, when a low level signal is being measured, if the attenuator
switch is changed by 10 db and the meter reading also changes 10 db, the
measurement can be considered accurate.
vfuen many input signals are present, no simple rule can be followed, as the
overload point is determined by the peak envelope of the combined signals
which may vary with their amplitude and phase.
CARRIER MONITORING
The Selective Voltmeter may be used to monitor lower sideband (LSB), upper
sideband (USB), amplitude modulated (AM) or frequency modulated (FM)signals.
Use the 3 kc position of SELECTIVITY switch above 3 kc only and the 10 kc
position above 10 kc only.
1. Upper and lower sideband monitoring.
a. Connect the input connector to the circuit to be monitored.
b. Switch positions.
SELECTIVITY to 3 KC
BAND SEL switch & FREQUENCY DIAL to midband frequency of the
sideband.
MONITOR switch to LSB or USB as required.
MONITOR LEVEL--adjust as needed.
If the voice or signal from the speaker (or headset if used in HEADSET jack)
i.s weak, turn the I'1ETER switch off and the ATTENUATOR down until the desired
level is reached.
2. AM monitoring.
To monitor AM signals feed the signal in the INPUT connector, turn the se­
lectivity to 3 kc or 10 kc, set the MONITOR switch to AM, tune the FREQ­
UENCY dial to the carrier frequency and adjust the amplitude as for single
sideband signals.
3. FM monitoring.
To monitor FM signals by slope detection, feed the signal in the INPUT con­
nector, turn the SELECTIVITY switch to 10 kc, set the MONITOR switch to AM,
adjust the frequency dial for best reception (one side of thA selectivity
curve) and adjust the aDlplitude as for single sideband signals.
9
AUDIO MONITORING (on units with AUDIO IN jack)
The audio section of the monitor circuit may be used as a
amplifier if desired by inserting the signal in the AUDIO
voice frequency
IN jack. -The out­
put amplitude is controlled by the MONITOR LEVEL control.
10
MAINTENANCE
GENERAL
Most of the components used in the construction of RYCOM instruments are
standard parts obtainable from local suppliers. Precision components may
be purchased from the manufacturer. Special items may not be readily avail­
able from the manufacturer. All replacement parts are available from RYCOM.
For various reasons, changes will occasionally appear in the instruction
book text, parts list and drawings. Continued effort is being made to im­
prove circuitry and use better components. During the test procedure, in­
dividual adjustments are made to obtain optimum operation. Parts procure­
ment difficulties occasiona ly require substitution of different but equiva­
lent parts.
Normal maintenance involves replacement of tubes, fuse and pilot lights.
The frequency dial lights are accessible from the front by removing the knobs
and black dial cover. When replacing the frequency knob, depress the com­
pression spring washer to give sufficient torque for the desired feel in
rotating the knob.
To remove the instrument from the case for maintenance, remove only the
screws around the edge of the front panel.
PARTS ORDERING
When ordering parts be sure to specify the instrument serial number as well
as the instrument model number and individual part number and symbol. This
will insure receiving the correct replacement parts with a minimum of delay.
METER TRACKING
The zero
scale.
adjust control is used for tracking the meter at -10 db on the
To check or reset meter tracking adjust the unit
o on the meter. Turn the attenuator up 10 db to
Adjust meter zero screw for -10 if needed. Turn
readjust CAL 2 LEV for O. Recheck -10.
to measure a frequency
read -10 on the meter.
attenuator dovm 10 db and
at
BASIC AMPLITUDE CALIBRATION
Tube replacement or aging may cause some error in meter indication which is
not expected to be more than ~ db. This can be corrected by basic recali­
bration of the instrument as discussed in "Calibration" paragraph of the
description and given in step form below.
1st step
a. Connect an external signal of about 1500 - of 0 dbm
amplitude to the input connector (NOTE: use a pre­
cision meter to determine the 0 dbm amplitude).
11
b. Switch positions.
ATTENUATOR on 0 MONITOR on AM
METER on ON BAND SEL on A
SELECTIVITY on 50 FREQUENCY dial to give peak
indication on meter
c. Adjust CAL 2 LEV to give 0 on meter.
2nd step
a. CAUTION do not change CAL 2 LEV.
b. Switch positions.
METER on CAL 1 BAND SELECTOR on CAL
c. Adjust CAL 1 LEV to give 0 on meter.
3rd step
a. CAUTION do not change CAL 1 LEV or CAL 2 LEV.
b. Switch positions.
METER on ON MONITOR on M ~
ATTENUATOR on CAL BAND SELECTOR on CAL
SELECTIVITY on 50 ­
c. Adjust FREQUENCY dial pointer to 1.0 on band A.
d. Adjust CAL 2 TRIM for peak meter indication.
e. Adjust CAL 3 control located on top of the chassis
behind the meter to give zero on the meter.
NOTE: It is important to set the frequency dial pointer to 1.0
on A band in this step, since adjustment of CAL 2 TRIM for
peak meter indication calibrates the frequency dial.
FREQUENCY CALIBRATION
Frequency recalibration i.s made at 1 KC each time CAL 2 TRIM control is
adjusted for peak meter indication during calibration, however, if the
frequency tuning drifts appreciably it may be desirable to recalibrate the
bands t at are off and all lower frequency bands. If CAL 2 TRIM gives a
peak indication at either extreme of rotation (when planetary drive slips),
the oscillator has drifted out of the range of the control and should be
recalibrated.
An accurate 1 to 160 KC oscillator, or oscillator and counter will be
required to recalibrate the frequency dial (main osc).
Remove the case, turn on the power and allow the instrument to warm up for
30 minutes. Connect the external oscillator to the INPUT jack. Set its
frequency as indicated in the chart below. Set the CAL 2 TRIM control two
turns from either limit. Set the attenuator control to the level used,
BAND SELECTOR and frequency dial to the position indicated in the chart
below. Adjust the trimmer indicated in the chart to obtain a peak meter
indication. Do not change the position of CAL 2 TRIM until the CAL oscil·­
lator is checked below.
AT BAND SEL FREQ DIAL ADJUST TRll/IMER
Level used F 90 KC F in #3019 osc
Y,
E 11
E 40 KC
i.
D 10 KC (or 0)
D II
\.
C II
"
v 4 KC
B 1,
I;
B 2 KC
A 1 KC (or 0)
A Ii
CAL CAL 1 KC CAL (see below)
12
II
The capacitors in the local oscillator are accumulatively added to the cir­
cuit as the BAND SELECTOR switch is rotated from F to CAL, thus frequency
calibration must be made in the order listed above. Band D and A may be
calibrated at zero using the local oscillator frequency. For this the C&R
BAL controls must be adjusted for an on scale indication. Band D requires
a slightly different zero balance adjustment than band A.
Check the calibrate oscillator frequency as follows, continuing from A band
calibration. Set the attenuator (AT) on CAL and BAND SELECTOR on CAL. The
meter should indicate a peak reading from the calibrate oscillator. To check
this remove the input signal, set controls as given in the chart on the pre­
ceding page for CAL and rotate the FREQ pointer for peak meter indication.
The peak meter indication should occur at a frequency pointer position of 1
KC as set for band A. If it does not, recheck the band calibration. If
CAL still does not give a peak indication at 1 KC, note how far off the
frequency is on the dial and proceed with the next paragraph.
CALIBRATE OSCILLATOR CALIBRATION
If the calibrate oscillator is no more than 25 cps off, as indicated in the
preceeding paragraph, then pad the capacitor C69 to change the calibrate
oscillator by the amount of the error. If desired, measure the frequency
of the CAL oscillator at V7 pin 8. It should be approximately 970 cps.
This will vary from unit to unit. Pad C69 capacitor to change the frequency.
If the error is off several 100 cps, the fault probably is an error in band
calibration or faulty component in the local oscillator (#3019).
FREQUENCY SCALE TRACKING
If the frequency tracking on anyone band is off appreciably it may be
desired to readjust the appropriate components.
Tracking of the D,E&F bands is accomplished by changing the LC ratio of L3
to the capacitors in the tank circuit (F trimmer or C94 being the variable
trimmers used for this). This is a common adjustment for all three bands
normally performed on the F band. Moving the last turn on the coil, then
compensating for the frequency change with nFn trimmer, or C94, will change
the tracking from 90 to 160 KC on the F band several hundred cycles. When
the last turn is in position, cement it in place with Q dope. Recalibrate
frequency of D and E bands as previously given. Retracking any of the above
bands will require resetting and possibly retracking of the A,B&C bands.
Tracking of the A,B&C bands is a common adjustment (normally performed on
the C band) by adjusting the ratio of C92 to fiC!' trimmer. C92 changes the
band tracking as well as the oscillator frequency. "C',; trimmer primarily
changes only the oscillator frequency.
One method of adjusting the tracking is as follows.
1. Connect an electronic counter to V2 pin 2 or 7. Set the frequency dial
to 4 KC and BAND SELECTOR to HCII band. Adjust trimmer for 504,000 hCU
cps.
13
2. Rotate the frequency dial to 6 KC and note the frequency. Adjust C92
to shift the oscillator frequency about 10 times the difference between
the oscillator frequency and 506,000 cps in the direction of needed cor­
rection. For example, the oscillator reads 506,025 cps. Adjust I1C92 i,
to give an oscillator frequency of 250 cps less which is 505,775 cps.
3. Rotate the pointer to 4 KC and adjust nC'1 trimmer for 504,000 cps. If
I.Ci' trimmer does not have enough range, set it in mid-position and ad­
just the liFI' trimmer. This will require recali brat ion of the iiFn band
using C94 (do NOT use 'liF" trimmer) after the 'llCi; band tracking has been
adjusted and the frequency of nB" and;' AIi band set.
4. Check frequency at 6 KC as in step 2. Repeat the adjustment of steps 2
and 3 if needed. Remove the counter lead from V2 pin 2 and 7.
5. Reca.librate frequency of C, B&A bands as previously given. Check IiC r,'
band tracking by measuring a 4 and 6 KC signal.
IF STAGE RETUNING
In the event CAL 2 LEV amplitude cannot be turned high enough to calibrate
the instrument, tube replacement, retuning the IF stage transformers, or
retuning the crystal filters will be necessary.
Connect a signal of about 10 KC to the INPUT JACK. Tune in the signal and
adjust front panel controls for maximum meter indication with SELECTIVITY
switch on 50 -. Rotate the top and bottom slugs of T4, then T5 for max­
imum meter indication. Do not rotate T3 slugs.
CRYSTAL FILTER RETUNING
Crystal filter transformers are Tl and T2. T3 is adjusted during the
crystal filter retuning.
A sweep frequency generator and dc coupled oscilloscope are required for
proper crystal filter retuning. These are special units and not normally
available, thus it is recommended that the instrument be returned to the
factory if the crystal filter needs retuning.
If equipment as described below is available and it is desired to retune
the crystal filter, v-rri te the factory for instructions.
1. A sweep frequency generator with center frequency between 20 and
160 KC and sweep width adjustable from about 250 cps to 30 KC. It
should have a repetition rate of about 2 seconds and output amplitude
of approximately 0.1 volt.
2. A direct coupled oscilloscope with a long persistence screen.
14
LIST OF MANUFACTURERS
Symbol is listed in parts list under manufacturer.
Symbol
A Alden Products Company
B All Star Products Inc
C Allen-Bradley Company
D Bussman Mfg Company
E j·J!:C Inc -.
F C.T.S. Corporation
G Cletron Inc
H E.F. Johnson Company
I Electra Mfg Company or Kidco Inc
J Electro Motive Mfg Company
K Electron Products Company
L Erie Resistor Corporation
M Good-All Mfg Company
N International Rectifier Corp
o James Knights Company
P Ohmite Mfg Company
Q Assembly Products Inc
R RAILWAY INC
S Sherold Crystal Corporation
T Winding Company
U SWitchcraft Inc
V Sylvania Electric Products Inc
W Transformer Technicians Inc
X Wilco Corporation
Y General Instrument
Z Semicon Inc
List of abbreviations in parts list.
A Linear taper
AR Selected as required (Nominal value listed)
Guaranteed minimum value
HT High torque
S Shaft (meas from end of bushing)
SD Screwdriver slot in shaft
VAR Variable
T585-p650-9FE
15
PARTS
Symbol Part No Mfg n..:.;_.:... l=.:· 0::.:' _
AT RY-7355
R Attenuator, 100 db in 10 db steps plus CAL pffi
Cl Dl-505 K Cap, 5mI' ±20% 100 VroDC metalized mylar
C2,35,37 L Cap, .01mI' 500 vNDC disc ceramic
50-54,56
59,60,66
72,73,75
76,77,96
C3 TMT-3625 Y Cap, 40-40-20mI' 450-450-25V electrolytic
C4a J Cap, 600pI' ±5% 500 WVDC silver mica
C4b 466 J Cap, 80-4S0pI' 175 WVDC compression mica
C5,67 1732000333M Cap, .033mI' ±20% 200 WVDC tubular mylar L
D2-105 200 WVDC metalized mylar c6 K Cap, 1.OmI' ±20%
200 vNDC tubular mylar 1732000104M C9,10,55 L Cap, . 1mI' ±20%
74,78
C7 D4-224 K Cap, . 22mI' ±20% 400 WVDC metalized mylar
Cap, 3.3pI' 500 WVDC NPO disc ceramic C8,12,17 OS31000COG0339C L
21
Cll,15,20 0557051COPOIOR L Cap, 1.5-7pI'­ 350 NPO var. ceramic
24
C16,25 0557051U2P034R L Cap, 8-50pI' 350 \vVDC N750 var. ceramic
CIS 3192000U2P047R L Cap, 9-50pI' ­ 350 WVDC N750 var. ceramic
C19 J Cap, 300pI' ±5% 500 WVDC silver mica
500 vNDC tubular trimmer c26 5320013R
C29, 65 ,
C31,32
L
J
J
Cap, .5-5pI' ­
500 WVDC silver mica Cap, 47pI' ±5%
500 WVDC silver mica Cap, 1000pI' ±5%
500 VNDC silver mica C33 J Cap, 200pI' +5%
500 WVDC silver mica
1500 PVDC var. air
C34 J Cap, 250pI' ±5%
C36 167-152-10 H Cap, 11.6-202pI'
350 vNDC var. ceramic C40,42,44 0557051COPOIOR Cap, 1.5-7pI'­ L
J
L
500 WVDC silver mica C41,43
C45,47b':'
Cap, 5pI' ±5%
500 WVDC N750 disc ceramic Cap, 10pI' ±5%

C46,48,88 0557051COP039R L Cap, 5-25 350 WVDC NPO var. ceramic
92,94
C47a':' Cap, 150pI' ±5% 500 WVDC silver mica J
C49a':' 500 WVDC silver mica J Cap, 110pI' ±5%
Cap, 47pI' 200 WVDC N330 disc ceramic

L
C57,58 J Cap, 500pI' ±5% 500 WVDC silver mica
C61 0801000Z5U00302P.L Cap, .003mI' Gl'llV 500 WVDC disc ceramic
C62,64 0831000Z5UOOI02M L Cap, .001mI' ±20% 500 WVDC disc ceramic
500 vNDC silver mica c63 J Cap, 360pI' ±5%
500 WVDC silver mica
200 tubular mylar AR
C6S,95 J Cap, 68pI' ±5%
C69 Cap, .035mI' ­
150 WVDC electrolytic
C71 Cap, 4mI'
air 4-turn
var. ceramic
C80,83 SPEC4197 B Cap, 4 to 10pI' var.
0557006COP039R L Cap, 5-25pI' ­ 350 WVDC NPO
CSI
500 WVDC silver mica C82 J Cap, 15pI' ±5%
200 WVDC N80 disc ceramic
C84a';',84b*

L
L
Cap, 155pI' ±5%
500 WVDC NPO disc ceramic Cap, 100pI' ±5%
Note: *C47a & b,
C49 & C84.
T585-p650-9FE
C49a & b, C84a - I' are shown
16
on schematic as C47,

Symbol Part No Mfg Description
C87·
C91
J
J
33 pf ±5% 500 WVDC silver mica
1000 pf ±2% 500 vVVDC silver mica
C93 J 342 pf ±2% 500 WVDC silver mica
C97 1 .0068 mf ±20% 200 \iNDC tubu.lar mylar
C98 J 10 Df 15% 500 WifDC silver mica
C99,100,101 BS28-10-15P
E lOOO'mf 15 WVDC electrolytic
3
0
24-3
R Dial, ratio 12/1
D1,2,),4
Ij277
V Diodes, germanium
DS1,2 Type 47 Lamp (in freq tuning assy)
F1 AGCl D 1 amp fuse in HKP fuse holder
J1 111-102-1 H Binding post, nylon, red
111-103-1 H Binding post, nylon, black
J2,3 12A U Jack
J7 903 P. fTH A Chassis connector
11 TTI-3133 W Choke 7Hy
12 3053 R Coil, RF, calibrate osc
13 2366-5 R Coil, RF, local osc
14 1500-15 X Coil, RF, 500 uh llQ DCR
L5 3038-11 R Coil, RF, 290 uh
1PF 3002 R Filter, 400 KC LP, & Input transformer
1S1 PM-3A G Speaker, 3!TI
Q Meter, 0-200 DC uA 2% M 46-4782-0000
S1 74A-S1 R Switch, rotary 1 deck 2 pole 6 position
S2 74A-S2A R Switch, rotary 2 deck 3 pole 3 position
S3 72A-S3 R Switch, rotary 2 deck 3 pole 7 position
S4,5 74A-S5 R Switch, rotary 1 deck 3 pole 3 position
C 1-4 Sic 80 Z Rectifier, .Ji1ico _, 5eO L2, 800 PIV
CR9,10 1N2069 Rectifier, silicon, 750 rna, 200V
RIa Res, 680Q 2W 10% carbon
RIb Res, 5.6K
1.
2'"
t'T
10% carbon
R2 Res, 150Q 2 10% carbon
!w 10% carbon R3,30 Res, 1.5K
P Res, 4K lOW 10% wire wound
!w 10% carbon
R4
R5,6,32,41 C Res, lOOK
43,45,51,54
Res, 680S"'2 10% carbon
Res, 220Q R7,S,36
R9
R17,56
10% carbon C
C
C Res, 820Q 10% carbon
Res, 120K 10% carbon RlS,53 C
R19,6)
R20, 34,39,44,64
R21,35,38
49,65,68
R22,23,29
R24 JF7541
Res, C
C
C
I
F
10% carbon 47K
Res, 2K 5% carbon
Res, 6.8K 10% carbon
1% deposited carbon Res, 4.99K
30% VAR,A, 13/16 S, 10 turn Res, 500Q
It S 30% VAR,A, R25 JF7542 F Res, 2.5K
R31 C Res, 220K 10%
Res, 5K 30% VAR,A, 3/8 S
R37,55 JF7539
F
C R40,50,52 Res, 27K 10%
R42,AC OFF KS9156 F Res, 250K 30% VAR,A, 3/8 S, W/SPST
T585-P650-9FE
17
Symbol Part No Nfg Description
R46 C Res, S20Q 2W 10% carbon
l_W
R47,48 C Res, 13K
5%
carbon
r
R57 I Res, 10K -N 1%
deposited carbon
Y-
J R58 rvlY1564 F Res, 2 0 0 ~ 2 ;Z\;1
30%
VAR, A, HT, SD
R59 I Res, 487Q !VJ 1%
deposited carbon
R61 C Res, 750Q 1.'1/
5%
carbon
f'
R62 C Res, $21\
10% carbon "5
R66 C Res, 6$K ;vJ 10% carbon
R72 C Res, 47Q 2W 10% carbon
R74 C Res, 100Q
!1iJ 10% carbon
R75 C Res, 5.6K !w 10% carbon
Tl , 2,3 ,4 R8260 T 500 KC IF transformer
5,6
Tes TTI-3134 Vi! Output transformer
T9 TTI-3135 W Power transforroer 115V primary 50-60 cps
V1,4,6,8 6661/6BH6 Vacuum tube
V2 6AL5 Vacuum tube
V3,7,9 12AU7 Vacuum tube
V5 6BJ6 Vacuum tube
VIO 6AQ5 Vacuum tube
VII OB2 Vacuum tube
,..
Xl,] 143K 0 Crystal
499,975 SC-6 case
,..
X2 , ~ .
144K.
0 Crystal 500,025 sc-6 case
X5,7 105K 0 Crystal 499,100 sc-6 case
X6,$ 106K 0 Crystal 500,900
-
,..
SC-6 case
,..
X9 107K 0 Crystal 498,530 sc-6 case
,..
XI0 108K 0 Crystal 501,470 , sc-6 case
:!'JA 203FIAC A Cord,
3
conductor, power
T585-P650-9FE 1$
2172 SELECTIVE V O L T ~ m T E R
This unit is similar in outside physical appearance to a Model 2174A. The
frequency range and selec ivity differ as noted below. The filter curves
and block diagram are as given on the 2l74A brochure.
Frequency range: 70 cps to 6 KC on bands A,B & C
300 cps to 160 KC on bands D,E & F
Selectivity: 50 - , 3 KC and 10 KC
Filter bandwidth: 6 db down 45 db down 60 db down
(typical) 50 -: 60 cps 450 cps
3 KC: 3000 cps 7800 cps
10 KC: .4·00 cps 21 KC
Level full scale: -68 to +32 dbm
Accuracy: ±.5 db, -80 to +32 dbm, 300 cps to 160 KC
Spurious response: belovv 60 db
Intermodulation: below 60 db
Power requirements: l50V AC 50/60 cps
Weight: 28 pounds
Size: 8-3/4 x lOt x 17" plus hdwe
Monitoring: SSB, AM, FM - speaker or headset
9FD
19
APPENDIX A
Certain precautions are required when calibrating the Selective Voltmeter.
A. BE SURE to calibrate the Selective Voltmeter with CALIBRATE OSC
signal (2 & 3a below) NOT the VAR FREQ feedthrough (2 & 3b below).
The VAR FREQ OSC feedthrough is defined as the signal from the VAR
FREQ OSC passing through the crystal filter (500 KC center frequency)
and indicating on the meter. This feedthrough can be mis-tuned any­
where on the lower half of band !lAl? due to the 2 KC range of CAL 2
TRIM control.
The following test will distinguish between CALIBRATE OSC frequency
and the local oscillator feedthrough.
1. Peak the meter indication of the signal present in step CAL
2 of INTERNAL CALIBRATION given on page 7. flCY?
2. Rotate the ATTENUATOR from CAL to +30.
3a. The meter pointer will drop to below -20 when the CALIBRATE
OSC signal is present.
3b. The meter pointer will not change when the VAR FREQ OSC
feedthrough is present.
B. Do not calibrate the Selective Voltmeter on the 3 KC or 10 KC
SELECTIVITY position. To use the 3 KC or 10 KC SELECTIVITY position
for measuring, calibrate on 50 - as given in INTERNAL CALIBRATION
paragraph on page 7. Then proceed as f o l l o w s ~
1. Measure a frequency on D, E, or F bands on the 50 - SELEC­
TIVITY position and note level.
2. Measure the same frequency with the 3 KC or 10 KC SELECTIVITY
and change the CAL 2 LEV to give the same level as measured
on the 50 - SELECTIVITY.
5 FF 20
___
I
J
C AL FIL ER
5
l
I
I
r R
A 10
-
R -= R
68K 68t< -=
S .... B-A DET r osc
PO ER SU PLY
54 ONITOR
VI
082
Lsa
~
I,U!
I l
R47
13
, -,
S
[6
Mf
t 0
~ 6 0

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