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On 100-octane fuel the highly supercharged Bristol Mercury gives 920 h.p. for take-off. head and the steel barrel ; each has two valves. Drives for the auxiliaries are enclosed in a box on top of the rear cover, the generator on the Cheetah X being mounted on top of the box. Armstrong Siddeley Motors, Ltd., Coventry.
Pegasus X X I I is a medium-supercharged engine giving 1,010 h.p. for take-off. Mercury's VIII and I X are of smaller diameter than the Pegasus series and power such machines as the Blenheim and the Gladiator. The Mercury VIII is the standard power plant of the Mark I Blenheim, but the Blenheim IV has a later version of this engine which is known as the Mercury XV, having a redesigned cylinder head. The Mercury has for some time been in full production in the Shadow Industry, and is probably the most widely used of any aero engine now in service. The medium-supercharged engines of the Mercury series are the XI and XII Three versions of the Perseus sleeve-valve radial are irj production, the series X, XI and X I I . The last, in civilrated form, is fitted in the D.H. Flamingo and the military versions power the Blackburn Skua and Roc and the Westland Lysander. The small-diameter 14-cylinder Taurus, as fitted in the Bristol Beaufort and Fairey Albacore, develops 1,065 h.p. at 5,000ft. and measures 47fin. in diameter. This unit would be admirable for installation in a twin-engined fighter. A larger unit, the Hercules I I , gives 1,375 n -P- at 4,000ft, This engine is in full quantity production, and a further developed type is to be built in France. A Liore 45 bomber has already been fitted with Hercules engines. The Short " G " class flying boats are fitted with four Hercules IV engines which give 1,380 h.p. for take-off and weigh i,68olb. The Bristol Aeroplane Co., Ltd., Filton House, Bristol.
HTHE American Continental A-50, A-65 and A-75 horizontally opposed engines are built under licence in this country by Coventry Climax Engines, Ltd. A notable feature is the fuel injection system, which replaces the carburetter and is claimed to have several advantages, the most important being freedom from manifold icing without application of heat to the air intake. Coventry Climax Engines, Ltd., Friars' Road, Coventry.
' T T I E Cirrus Engine Department of Blackburn Aircraft, -*- Ltd., are concentrating on the 90 h.p. Cirrus Minor and the 150 h.p. Cirrus Major. Both these engines are of the inverted four-cylinder air-cooled type. The following description will apply to the Major. Actually, the Major uses the same type of cylinders as the Minor. These are machined all over from a steel ingot and are located in the crankcase by a large spigot and four studs. The cylinders are castings in " Y " alloy and are detachable, being spigoted on the cylinder and secured by twelve studs equally distributed round the cylinder. The crankshaft is carried in five plain bearings with a ball thrust bearing at the front end. A Claudel-Hobson carburetter is fitted. The crankcase is an alloy casting with all pressure oilways carried internally. A dual Amal fuel pump is fitted on the rear of the engine, being driven off the camshaft. A cylinder cooling chute and baffle plate are fitted as standard equipment, and detachable inspection panels are provided to facilitate removal of sparking plugs for cleaning. The B . T . H . inertia starter is driven by a small electric motor driving the engine through a reduction gear. Cirrus Engine Department, Blackburn Aircraft, Ltd., Brough, E. Yorks.
'"PHE Victor flat-four light aero engine which develops -1- 50 h.p. at 3,000 r.p.m. has a three-bearing crankshaft with massive centre bearing ; pressure lubrication to all bearings ; dry sump system, and a geared starting handle, if required, to enable the engine to be started from the cockpit. The Coventry Victor Motor Co., Ltd., Coventry.
TN view of the diversity of Bristol poppet-valve and •*• sleeve-valve radial engines now being delivered, our space may be better employed with a brief general discussion of the characteristics of the various units rather than with a detailed structural examination such as has already frequently been made in Flight. The Pegasus XVIII is a two-speed supercharged poppetvalve unit used to power the Hampden and Wellington bombers. I t is now in quantity production by the Shadow Industry. The two-speed gear of the high-speed centrifugal supercharger is hydraulically controlled, the impeller/ camshaft speed ratio being changed by three double-acting hydraulic clutches. The standard power plant of the Short Sunderland, the
The unmachined block of the 250 h.p. V-8 D.R.P. sleevevalve unit.