Premium Road Binders

POLYMER MODIFIED BITUMEN TECHNOLOGY

Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

The most preferred road
Safe, comfortable, convenient & pleasant to ride

Performances with low capital and maintenance cost
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

The most preferred road

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

The most preferred road

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Major road defects

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Major road defects

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

The Need For Premium Binders
Climatic conditions - Improved balance between low T and high T properties Increasingly aggressive traffic conditions - Heavy vehicles - Slower traffic - Increasing axle loads & tyre pressures - Fuel spillage - Harder grades might increase the risk of low temperature cracking - Need for improved fatigue resistance and flexibility - Need to improve cohesion and adhesion properties Economic issues
-

More durable pavement, longer lasting investments Development of thinner pavements
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

The Need For Premium Binders
The performances of the Binders v/s the performances of the Pavement

Bitumen Properties

Asphalt Mix Performances

Pavement Characteristics
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

The Need For Premium Binders
The performances of the Binders v/s the performances of the Pavement

Good Roads

Appropriate Asphalt Mixes

Suitable Asphalt Binders
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

The need to tailor the solution to the needs of the owners and those of the end users

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Pavement Performance
Rheology Cohesion, Adhesion Elasticity Temperature susceptibility Moisture Sensitivity Decrease the viscosity of the bitumen at low service temp - Brings flexibility to the asphalt mix

Increase the viscosity of the bitumen at high service temp - Improve Rutting Resistance
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Modifier
Be compatible with Bitumen Blend with Bitumen properly & thoroughly Maintain properties during storage, application and in service Be cost effective considering life cycle cost Be capable of being processed by conventional mixing plants and laying machinery

Modifier Types

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Performance Comparison

Permanent Deformation

Thermal Cracking

Fatigue Cracking

Moisture Damage

Ageing

Elastomers

+++

+++

+++

++

+++

Plastomers

++

Crumb Rubber

++

++

+

Hydrated Lime

++

++
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Performance Comparison

HINCOL CRMB 60

HINCOL PMB 40

HINCOL RW 4560

Softening Point

> 60

> 60

> 85

Elastic Recovery

> 70

> 75

> 85

Penetration

< 50

30 - 50

40 – 60

Elastic Modulus @40C, MPa

2000

3000

5000

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Styrene – Butadiene - Styrene copolymers (SBS)
hard polystyrene domains soft, flexible polybutadiene chains

90

⇒ elastic and high strength tridimentional network in bitumen molecules improve the binder properties Butadiene (of SBS) absorbs the maltene phase: swells up till nine times its initial volume R&B = f ( % SBS) : S-type curve

80

70

R&B (°C) 60
50

40

30 0 3 5 7

% SBS

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

PmBs Characterisation versus specifications

standard tests penetration (25 °C and 40 °C), R&B physical & chemical analysis IR, NMR, SEC, DSC, Microscopy simulation of ageing / storage stability RTFOT, PAV, storage stability rheological tests
Ductility @ 25 deg c Or Elastic Recovery

viscosity, DSR, BBR, elastic recovery, tensile test (DTT, force-ductility)

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Storage stability of PmBs
Compatibility between bitumen/polymer (polymer type and content, bitumen nature) Storage conditions: duration, temperature, mixing systems UV-Fluorescence top/bottom microscopy and Delta R&B
a b

c

d

a compatible b, c semi-compatible d incompatible
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Mix testing

High temperature performance: Wheel Tracking Test
LCPC WTT : According to the French standard, rutting depth measured must be

less that 10 % after 30,000 cycles at 60 °C.

30 000 cycles

Rutt depth Asphalt Slab Asphalt Slab
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Rutting performance: Wheel Tracking Test
Dense Asphaltic Concrete - 40oC

60 / 70 Bitumen

Moderately Modified PMB

Heavily Modified PMB

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Rutting performance: Wheel Tracking Test
Dense Asphaltic Concrete - 40oC

100 pen

100 pen + 3%SBS

100 pen + 5%SBS

100 pen + 7%SBS

0

10

20

rutting rate (mm/105 wheel passes)

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Rutting performance: Wheel Tracking Test

BC – VG 30 BC – CRMB 60 BC – PMB 40

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Good elasticity which reduces the tendency for pavements to crack, -durability.

Improved adhesion and cohesion properties for more durable asphalt,
durability.

Higher softening point to resist permanent deformation without adversely affecting the properties of bitumen, durability.

°c

Lower temperature susceptibility for better performance in both high and low temperature environments, durability.

Storage stable due to compatible blend of bitumen and polymer that reduces likelihood of material drifting off-spec during storage, reliability.

Easy handling without major plant change and ease of stock management,
adaptability.
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

HINCOL PMB 40
70

Softening Point Spec

60

Comp 3

50

Comp 1

Comp 2

Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

HINCOL PMB 40
90 80 70 60

Elastic Recovery

Spec

Comp 3

50

Comp 1

Comp 2
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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

Why HINCOL as a preferred partner
Joint venture company of a leading PSU, HPCL Technical knowhow from world’s no 1 construction company , Colas Strong Research & Development Strong network within Colas Community and with External agencies Quality Commitment (Far exceeding min spec limits) Wide network of manufacturing facility across India Delivery Promise

Delivered to Customer Model (supply chain management)
Technical Services

In-house Mix Design Application Support Training : Supervisor/Foreman training on Product Handling/Application/storage

Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

“We can’t spell Success without

U”

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Hindustan Colas Technical Centre

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