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INTRODUCTION:

No objectives can be attained without proper interest. The Education is the main key to success. And Education requires proper hard work with interest. In the classroom, Participants is necessary for the progress of instruction participation is not confined only to physical presence but it means their mental presence. Students can participate properly if he is free from all confusions and problems. Some students do not participate properly, they are present in the class but do not pay attention to study. They do not listen to the teacher attentively and feel bored. Objective of our project is to look for factors, which affect the participation of the students in the class. Why they remain restless? Why they do not pay attention to the study? Many factors affect their response parents attitude is very significant. In our report we made a research whether these factors affect the response of students. If yes, then how can these problems be resolved and how can enable students to participate actively in the class.

HYPOTHESIS:
Weak eye sight also defects students ability to participate in class. Poor hearing skill damages student's capability to participate in class. Physical weakness hinders students to participate in class. Age difference makes some students less participated in class. Mental weakness of the students badly affects in classroom participation. Pollution has some damaging effects on student's ability to take part in the class. Bad sitting arrangement in the classroom makes students less participant in the class. Climatic changes badly affect the participation of students in the class. Teachers providing less time for enjoyment make students less participant. Parents' illiteracy is the cause of less participation in class. Students have less participation in class because they indulge in unhealthy activities. Harsh and bad behavior of parents makes students less participant in class. Students who do not enjoy love and care of parents participate less in the class. Domestic/financial problems are of one of the reasons of student's less participation in classroom. Students who have to face domestic riots of parents become less participated in the class. Difference between mother and institutional language also makes students less participant in class. Lack of motivation from both parents and teachers is the cause of less participation of students in class. Lack of confidence also discourages students to participate in class. Aggressive attitude of students becomes a cause of less participation in class. Students having less interest in their studies participate less in the class.

Students facing family economic problems participate less in the class. Inferiority complex also makes students less participant in class. Students who watch TV excessively become less participant in class. Students having bad company remain less predicated in class. Students having less interaction with other classmates have less participation in class.

FACTORS AFFECTING THE LACK OF PARTICIPATION OF STUDENTS IN CLASSROOM

PHYSICAL PROBLEM:
The child may suffer from some ailment which has led to assesses from school or non-participate in class or which renders it difficult for him or her to perform certain of the motor skills associated with learning. Ailments in the second category e.g., poor sight , Poor hearing, bronchial problems mild brain damage affecting motor coordination may have gone unrecognized for some fear, even by the child him herself alternatively , in the case of stuttering for example, they may be all too painfully obvious and may hold the unfortunate child up to ridicule from teachers themselves.

PERSONAL PROBLEM:
There are some personal problems with student e.g., frequent changes of schooling lead to problems of adjusting to new teachers, new syllabuses and new teaching method and to new peer groups and surroundings. such changes , in addition to the cognitive strains they impose, leave children feeling emotionally insecure and vulnerable , limited attention span and high distractibility are not dealt with so easily .children faced with these difficulties find its extra hard to settle to work , to concentrate for any length of time and therefore , to undertake learning task successfully . In some cases, where the distractibility is of a particularly marked kind and accompanied by almost constant physical activity.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM:
These include a poor or depressed background in which the child has no encouragement to read or to use language , in which there are no facilities for home work or private study , and in which the values the school are rejected and perhaps even held up to ridicule . There may also be cases of actual physical rejection, perhaps brought about by a broken home or by alcoholism in one or both parents.

EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS
Morse (1971) describes that more relay, children may feel acute physical fear of a teacher and go in dread of his or her lessons and teachings

subject and find that even the general class atmosphere becomes a source of disturbance and anxiety to them whatever their cause, emotional problems can become a major hindrance to participation and if allowed to go untreated can lead to a syndrome in which children and their teachers become increasingly alienated from each other. Such children, s parents disappointed by lack of progress in school upon them to work harder, thus neither leave the children with the feeling that no one understands their difficulties nor take an in interest in helping solve them.

PARENTS ATTITUDE
One of the important factors the participation of students in the classroom physically and psychologically are parents. Parents are very important factor in the interaction of Students.

LACK OF MOTIVATION
Motivation is one of the basic factors of participation. Motivation in simply language means interest. Learning is directly proportional to our interest in learning.

LACK OF CLARITY OF PRESENTATION:


The subject matter must be presented clearly before the students, so that they understand it properly. This is a very important factor of participation in the class. The teacher has mental images of the subject matter that he likes to be

teaching to the students. The success of teaching as well as learning will depend upon clarity of this mental image. If a clear image is not formed on their minds, they will not participate in their study properly. Therefore the presentation of the subject matter should be as possible to make participation effective and successful.

DEFECTIVE METHODS OF TEACHING


Better and effective methods of teaching are essential for interaction. Mostly poor interaction is the results of faulty methods of teaching. Instead of the old and traditional methods of teaching, modern psychological methods of teaching should be used. Bad learning is mostly due to the fact that the subject matter is not clear to students on account of employing faulty methods of teaching.

POOR HEALTH
Good health is reflected in pleasant emotions, while poor health likes fatigue; make a child cranky and irritable. When the child is very sick, he cannot proper. Participate in his study in the classroom. This is turn, makes his care increasingly difficult.(Kundu, 1998 P-77)

FEARS:
Some times, fear limits us even before we get startled. We do not try our best, because we are afraid of failure and perhaps ridicule. As a result our superior abilities may never be discovered.

SAMPLE:
100 students of University of Central Punjab, Lahore were selected for projects questions.

METHOD:
Questionnaire, The data collected from 100 students of University of Central Punjab, Lahore. The responses of questionnaire were presented in tabulation form and expressed in terms of percentage, for further analysis as follows:

QUESTIONNAIRE:
Please read the statements carefully and encircle the number which best shows your view point. Strongly Agree --- (SA) Disagree --- (D) Agree --- (Agree) Undecided --- (U)

Strongly Disagree --- (SD)

Sr. Statement No. 1 2 3 4

SA %

A % 38 50 54 28

U % 14 14 12 12

D % 12 6 16 34

SD % 12 2 2 10

Weak eye sight also defects students 24 ability to participate in class. Poor hearing skill damages student's 28 capability to participate in class. Physical weakness hinders students 16 to participate in class. Age difference makes some students 16 less participated in class. Mental weakness of the students badly affects in classroom 40 participation. Pollution has some damaging effects on student's ability to take part in the 18 class. Bad sitting arrangement in the classroom makes students less 20 participant in the class. Climatic changes badly affect the 10 participation of students in the class. Teachers providing less time for enjoyment make students less 28 participant. Parents' illiteracy is the cause of less 24 participation in class. Students have less participation in class because they indulge in 18 unhealthy activities. Harsh and bad behavior of parents 28 makes students less participant in

40

14

38

22

14

48

16

10

36

26

20

44

14

14

10

46

10

16

11

42

26

12

12

38

12

10

12

class. 13 Students who do not enjoy love and care of parents participate less in the 38 class. Domestic/financial problems are of one of the reasons of student's less 22 participation in classroom. Students who have to face domestic riots of parents become less 14 participated in the class. Difference between mother and institutional language also makes 24 students less participant in class. Lack of motivation from both parents and teachers is the cause of 22 less participation of students in class. Lack of confidence also discourages 34 students to participate in class. Aggressive attitude of students becomes a cause of less participation 14 in class. Students having less interest in their 24 studies participate less in the class. Students facing family economic 20 problems participate less in the class. Inferiority complex also makes 20 students less participant in class. Students who watch TV excessively 8 become less participant in class. Students having bad company 18 remain less predicated in class. 38 14 4 6

14

34

18

22

15

34

26

20

16

34

18

16

17

38

22

14

18

42

14

19

34

24

28

20 21 22 23 24

48 46 36 26 32

16 14 30 12 24

8 18 12 42 14

4 2 2 12 12

25

Students having less interaction with other classmates have less 22 participation in class.

44

24

Table 1: Weak eye sight also defects students ability to participate in class.
Sr. No. 1 SA Statement % Weak eye sight also defects students ability to participate in class. 24 % 38 % 14 % 12 % 12 A U D SD

Figure 1

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 1 & Figure 1 shows that 24% Strongly Agreed, 38% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 12% Disagreed and 12 % Strongly Disagreed with the statement.

Table 2: Poor hearing skill damages student's capability to participate in class. Sr. No Statement . 2 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Poor hearing skill damages student's capability to 28 participate in class.

50

14

Figure 2

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 SA A U D SD Series1

Table 2 & Figure 2 shows that 28% strongly agreed, 50% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 5% Disagreed and 2 % strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 3: Physical weakness hinders students to participate in class. Sr. No Statement . 3 SA A % % 54 U % 12 D % 16 SD % 2

Physical weakness hinders 16 students to participate in class.

Figure 3

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 SA A U D SD Series1

Table 3 & Figure 3 shows that 16% strongly agreed, 54% Agreed, 12% Undecided, 16% Disagreed and 2 % strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 4: Age difference makes some students less participated in class. Sr. No Statement . 4 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Age difference makes some students less participated in 16 class.

28

12

34

10

Figure 4

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 4 & Figure 4 shows that 16% strongly agreed, 28% Agreed, 12% Undecided, 34% Disagreed and 10 % strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 5: Mental weakness of the students badly affects in classroom participation. Sr. No Statement . 5 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Mental weakness of the students badly affects in classroom 40 participation.

40

14

Figure 5

50 40 30 Series1 20 10 0 SA A U D SD

Table 5 & Figure 5 shows that 40% strongly agreed, 40% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 4% Disagreed and 2% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 6: Pollution has some damaging effects on student's ability to take part in the class. Sr. No Statement . 6 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Pollution has some damaging effects on student's ability to 18 take part in the class.

38

22

14

Figure 6

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 6 & Figure 6 shows that 18% strongly agreed, 38% Agreed, 22% Undecided, 14% Disagreed and 8 % strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 7: Bad sitting arrangement in the classroom makes students less participant in the class. Sr. No Statement . 7 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Bad sitting arrangement in the classroom makes students less 20 participant in the class.

48

16

10

Figure 7

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 SA A U D SD Series1

Table 7 & Figure 7 shows that 20% strongly agreed, 48% Agreed, 16% Undecided, 10% Disagreed and 6% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 8: Climatic changes badly affect the participation of students in the class. Sr. No Statement . 8 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Climatic changes badly affect the participation of students in 10 the class.

36

26

20

Figure 8

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 8 & Figure 8 shows that 10% strongly agreed, 36% Agreed, 26% Undecided, 20% Disagreed and 8 % strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 9: Teachers providing less time for enjoyment make students less participant.

Sr. No Statement . 9

SA A % %

U %

D %

SD %

Teachers providing less time for enjoyment make students less 28 participant.

44

14

14

Figure 9

50 40 30 Series1 20 10 0 SA A U D SD

Table 9 & Figure 9 shows that 28% Strongly Agreed, 44% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 14% Disagreed and 0% Strongly Disagreed with the statement.

Table 10: Parents' illiteracy is the cause of less participation in class. Sr. No Statement . 10 SA A % % 46 U % 10 D % 16 SD % 4

Parents' illiteracy is the cause of 24 less participation in class.

Figure 10

50 40 30 Series1 20 10 0 SA A U D SD

Table 10 & Figure 10 shows that 24% strongly agreed, 46% Agreed, 10% Undecided, 16% Disagreed and 4% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 11: Students have less participation in class because they indulge in unhealthy activities. Sr. No Statement . 11 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Students have less participation in class because they indulge in 18 unhealthy activities.

42

26

12

Figure 11

50 40 30 Series1 20 10 0 SA A U D SD

Table 11 & Figure 11 shows that 18% strongly agreed, 42% Agreed, 26% Undecided, 12% Disagreed and 2% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 12: Harsh and bad behavior of parents makes students less participant in class.

Sr. No Statement . 12

SA A % %

U %

D %

SD %

Harsh and bad behavior of parents makes students less 28 participant in class.

38

12

10

12

Figure 12

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 12 & Figure 12 shows that 28% strongly agreed, 38% Agreed, 12% Undecided, 10% Disagreed and 12% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 13: Students who do not enjoy love and care of parents participate less in the class. Sr. No Statement . 13 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Students who do not enjoy love and care of parents participate 38 less in the class.

38

14

Figure 13

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 13 & Figure 13 shows that 38% strongly agreed, 38% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 4% Disagreed and 6% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 14: Domestic/financial problems are of one of the reasons of student's less participation in classroom. Sr. No Statement . 14 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Domestic/financial problems are of one of the reasons of student's 22 less participation in classroom.

34

18

22

Figure 14

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 14 & Figure 14 shows that 22% strongly agreed, 34% Agreed, 18% Undecided, 22% Disagreed and 4 % strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 15: Students who have to face domestic riots of parents become less participated in the class.

Sr. No Statement .

SA A % %

U %

D %

SD %

15

Students who have to face domestic riots of parents 14 become less participated in the class.

34

26

20

Figure 15

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 15 & Figure 15 shows that 14% strongly agreed, 34% Agreed, 26% Undecided, 20% Disagreed and 6% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 16: Difference between mother and institutional language also makes students less participant in class. Sr. No Statement . SA A % % U % D % SD %

16

Difference between mother and institutional language also 24 makes students less participant in class.

34

18

16

Figure 16

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 16 & Figure 16 shows that 24% strongly agreed, 34% Agreed, 18% Undecided, 16% Disagreed and 8% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 17: Lack of motivation from both parents and teachers is the cause of less participation of students in class. Sr. No Statement . SA A % % U % D % SD %

17

Lack of motivation from both parents and teachers is the cause 22 of less participation of students in class.

38

22

14

Figure 17

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 17 & Figure 17 shows that 22% strongly agreed, 38% Agreed, 22% Undecided, 14% Disagreed and 4% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 18: Lack of confidence also discourages students to participate in class.

Sr. No Statement . 18 Lack of confidence discourages students participate in class.

SA A % also to 34 %

U %

D %

SD %

42

14

Figure 18

50 40 30 Series1 20 10 0 SA A U D SD

Table 18 & Figure 18 shows that 34% strongly agreed, 42% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 8% Disagreed and 2% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 19: Aggressive attitude of students becomes a cause of less participation in class. Sr. No Statement . 19 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Aggressive attitude of students becomes a cause of less 14 participation in class.

34

24

28

Figure 19

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 19 & Figure 19 shows that 14% Strongly Agreed, 34% Agreed, 24% Undecided, 28% Disagreed and 0% Strongly Disagreed with the statement.

Table 20: Students having less interest in their studies participate less in the class. Sr. No Statement . 20 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Students having less interest in their studies participate less in 24 the class.

48

16

Figure 20

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 SA A U D SD Series1

Table 20 & Figure 20 shows that 24% strongly agreed, 48% Agreed, 16% Undecided, 8% Disagreed and 4% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 21: Students facing family economic problems participate less in the class.

Sr. No Statement . 21

SA A % %

U %

D %

SD %

Students facing family economic problems participate 20 less in the class.

46

14

18

Figure 21

50 40 30 Series1 20 10 0 SA A U D SD

Table 21 & Figure 21 shows that 20% strongly agreed, 46% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 18% Disagreed and 2% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 22: Inferiority complex also makes students less participant in class Sr. No Statement . 22 SA A % % 36 U % 30 D % 12 SD % 2

Inferiority complex also makes 20 students less participant in class.

Figure 22

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 22 & Figure 22 shows that 20% strongly agreed, 36% Agreed, 30% Undecided, 12% Disagreed and 2% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 23: Students who watch TV excessively become less participant in class. Sr. No Statement . 23 Students who watch excessively become participant in class. SA A % TV less 8 % U % D % SD %

26

12

42

12

Figure 23

50 40 30 Series1 20 10 0 SA A U D SD

Table 23 & Figure 23 shows that 8% strongly agreed, 26% Agreed, 12% Undecided, 42% Disagreed and 12% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 24: Students having bad company remain less predicated in class.

Sr. No Statement . 24

SA A % % 32

U % 24

D % 14

SD % 12

Students having bad company 18 remain less predicated in class.

Figure 24

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 SA A U D SD

Series1

Table 24 & Figure 24 shows that 18% strongly agreed, 32% Agreed, 24% Undecided, 14% Disagreed and 12% strongly disagreed with the statement.

Table 25: Students having less interaction with other classmates have less participation in the class. Sr. No Statement . 25 SA A % % U % D % SD %

Students having less interaction with other classmates have less 22 participation in the class.

44

24

Figure 25

50 40 30 Series1 20 10 0 SA A U D SD

Table 25 & Figure 25 shows that 22% strongly agreed, 44% Agreed, 24% Undecided, 6% Disagreed and 4% strongly disagreed with the statement.
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RESULT:
The findings of the study were as follows:

1.

24% Strongly Agreed, 38% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 12% Disagreed and 12 % Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Weak eye sight also defects students ability to participate in class.

2.

28% strongly Agreed, 50% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 5% Disagreed and 2 % strongly disagreed with the statement that Poor hearing skill damages student's capability to participate in class.

3.

16% Strongly Agreed, 54% Agreed, 12% Undecided, 16% Disagreed and 2 % Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Physical weakness hinders students to participate in class.

4.

16% Strongly Agreed, 28% Agreed, 12% Undecided, 34% Disagreed and 10 % Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Age difference makes some students less participated in class.

5.

40% Strongly Agreed, 40% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 4% Disagreed and 2% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Mental weakness of the students badly affects in classroom participation.

6.

18% Strongly Agreed, 38% Agreed, 22% Undecided, 14% Disagreed and 8 % Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Pollution has some damaging effects on student's ability to take part in the class.

7.

20% Strongly Agreed, 48% Agreed, 16% Undecided, 10% Disagreed and 6% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Bad sitting arrangement in the classroom makes students less participant in the class.

8.

10% Strongly Agreed, 36% Agreed, 26% Undecided, 20% Disagreed and 8 % Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Climatic changes badly affect the participation of students in the class.

9.

28% Strongly Agreed, 44% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 14% Disagreed and 0% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Teachers providing less time for enjoyment make students less participant.

10. 24% Strongly Agreed, 46% Agreed, 10% Undecided, 16% Disagreed and 4% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Parents' illiteracy is the cause of less participation in class. 11. 18% Strongly Agreed, 42% Agreed, 26% Undecided, 12% Disagreed and 2% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Students have less participation in class because they indulge in unhealthy activities.. 12. 28% strongly Agreed, 38% Agreed, 12% Undecided, 10% Disagreed and 12% strongly disagreed with the statement that Harsh and bad behavior of parents makes students less participant in class. 13. 38% strongly Agreed, 38% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 4% Disagreed and 6% strongly Disagreed with the statement that Students who do not enjoy love and care of parents participate less in the class. 14. 22% Strongly Agreed, 34% Agreed, 18% Undecided, 22% Disagreed and 4 % Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Domestic/financial problems are of one of the reasons of student's less participation in classroom. 15. 14% Strongly Agreed, 34% Agreed, 26% Undecided, 20% Disagreed and 6% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Students who have to face domestic riots of parents become less participated in the class. 16. 24% Strongly Agreed, 34% Agreed, 18% Undecided, 16% Disagreed and 8% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Difference between mother and institutional language also makes students less participant in class.

17. 22% Strongly Agreed, 38% Agreed, 22% Undecided, 14% Disagreed and 4% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Lack of motivation from both parents and teachers is the cause of less participation of students in class. 18. 34% Strongly Agreed, 42% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 8% Disagreed and 2% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Lack of confidence also discourages students to participate in class. 19. 14% Strongly Agreed, 34% Agreed, 24% Undecided, 28% Disagreed and 0% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Aggressive attitude of students becomes a cause of less participation in class. 20. 24% strongly Agreed, 48% Agreed, 16% Undecided, 8% Disagreed and 4% strongly Disagreed with the statement that Students having less interest in their studies participate less in the class. 21. 20% Strongly Agreed, 46% Agreed, 14% Undecided, 18% Disagreed and 2% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Students facing family economic problems participate less in the class. 22. 20% strongly Agreed, 36% Agreed, 30% Undecided, 12% Disagreed and 2% strongly disagreed with the statement that Inferiority complex also makes students less participant in class. 23. 8% strongly Agreed, 26% Agreed, 12% Undecided, 42% Disagreed and 12% strongly Disagreed with the statement that Students who watch TV excessively become less participant in class. 24. 18% Strongly Agreed, 32% Agreed, 24% Undecided, 14% Disagreed and 12% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Students having bad company remain less predicated in class.

25. 22% Strongly Agreed, 44% Agreed, 24% Undecided, 6% Disagreed and 4% Strongly Disagreed with the statement that Students having less interaction with other classmates have less participation in class.

CONCLUSION:
On the basis of findings, it was concluded that Weak eye sight also defected students ability to participate in class, Poor hearing skill damaged student's capability to participate in class, Physical weakness hindered students to participate in class, Age difference did not affect students' participation in the class, Mental weakness of the students badly affected in classroom participation, Pollution had some damaging effects on student's ability to take part in the class, Bad sitting arrangement in the classroom made students less participant in the class, Climatic changes had a minimal effect on the participation of students in the class, Teachers providing less time for enjoyment made students less participant, Parents' illiteracy was the cause of less participation in the class, Students had less participation in class because they were indulged in unhealthy activities, Harsh and bad behavior of parents made students less participant in the class, Students who did not enjoy love and care of parents participated less in the class, Domestic/financial problems were of one of those reasons of student's less participation in classroom, Students who had to face domestic riots of parents become less participated in the class, Difference between mother and institutional language also made students less participant in the class, Lack of motivation from both parents and teachers was the cause of less participation of students in class, Lack of confidence also discouraged students to participate in class, Aggressive

attitude of students became a cause of less participation in class, Students having less interest in their studies participated less in the class, Students facing family economic problems participated less in the class, Inferiority complex also made students less participant in class, Students who watched TV excessively had a minimal effect on the participation of students in the class, Students having bad company remained less predicated in class, Students having less interaction with other classmates had less participation in the class.

RECOMMENDATIONS:
On the basis of conclusions recommended that: 1. Teachers should identify those students who have lack of lacking participation in the class due to their weak eye sight and poor hearing skill, immediately contact with their parents so that this deficiency could be removed with the consultation of consultant and medical cure thereof. 2. Students having mental weakness should properly be dealt with. Teachers should give proper attention towards those students and involve them in different types of activities with peers.

3.

The class should properly be cleaned and decorated. There should be no activity which created pollution as it disturbs the teaching learning process.

4.

Proper sitting arrangement in the classroom can boost up students' participation so that students may have no difficulty in viewing the whiteboard, listening teacher's lecture.

5.

Classrooms should be constructed according to learning environment so that any climatic change may not affect participation of students in the classroom.

6.

Teachers should also conduct healthy co curricular activities like sports, tours and be frank with their students.

7. 8.

Teachers should give more time to students whose parents are illiterate. Parents should also give proper attention towards their children by having regular contact with teachers.

9.

Teachers

should

identify

those

students

who

are

having

domestic/financial problems. These students should properly be guided in fee concession and book bank facilitated by the institution and also get aware of them about scholarships as well. 10. Students who are facing language problems should gradually be habituated with the institutional language. Presentations, dialogues and

other activities should be conducted in the classroom for increasing confidence. 11. Teachers should develop peer to peer relationship among students. Aggressive attitude of students should be discouraged.

THE END
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