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By Dr Izzat Husain email@example.com
What is Akhbariat?
Akhabariat means persons who believe and act on news only and do not follow any alim or Marja. Akhbaris are not more than four centuries old, while the Islam is existing for the 1450 years. Akhbari founder was a man by the name of Mulla Muhammad Amin al-Astarabadi [d. 1033/1624], In brief, Akhbarism was a movement in opposition to `aql’ (Wisdom). Akhbari believes the Quran can only be understood by Infallibles (Masoomeen) and non infallibles cannot understand it; and the Quran has been distorted and hence it is not worthy of understanding and practicing for us. Akhbaris do not believe in Taqleed of any Marja. Akhbariat is a sect which explicitly says that they do not believe in the present Quran, they allege it is TehreefShuda. Now one can imagine what type of their other teachings would be.
What is marjia-i- Taqleed
The concept of a Marja-i Taqlid is central to Usuli Shi'a Islam. Marja-i Taqlids provide religious interpretations on matters of law and rituals Ideally. the most just and knowledgeable specialist in the field of the Islamic law should be recognized one throughout the Muslim world as the Marja-i Taqlid. In practice, however, this rarely happens and there are several marja taqlid's among whom an individual is free to choose and emulate. Those clerics who reach the apex in the pyramid of theological rank in the centers of Shi'a learning become Marja-i Taqlid. Marja-i Taqlids are often referred to by their followers with the honorific title of Ayatollah al-`Uzma (Grand Ayatollah). Working of Marja-i Taqlids is: Issuing fatwa on current matters, Spreading the true values of Islam as per Quran and The sayings of prophet Mohammad (SAW) and his descendants. Collection and distribution of religious taxes (zakat and khums) . Publish a resalah ( His Own directives Book of following and practicing Islamic Law. )
Pyramid of Marja
Marja Ulmas And Wakils Momneens
Advantages and disadvantages of Akhbariat
This could be a only advantage for akhbariyat is that, you are following to your self only rather than any body else, which is not sure for your pious activity.
As they considered taqlid of anyone else than the ma`sumin is untruthful. According to them, only the hadith are authoritative, and since there is no right of ijtihad or deriving of opinions, they can not take any new things which is not mention in hadith, so they can not use phones, televisions, motored transport as it was not available at that time so there is no any hadith available on such matters. As same they can not give or take blood kidneys etc. to save a life or for own life.
Advantages and disadvantages of Marjaiyat
If the muslims are a team than Marja is like a coach and a team leader, ones you decide to get in taqleed you just have follow him in all matters. You do not need to go for research in any matter, if you have any problem just ask him directly or through his wakil. Marjaiat is providing uniformity and unity in Islam which is a first need of Islam.
I don’t find any disadvantage in to live in taqleed of any marja. As we ask a doctor for our body health same way we ask to a marja for our spiritual health.
Dr Izzat Husain Lucknow
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Here is some links of marja
Sistani - سيستاني Sayyid Ali Husayni alSistani
Iran & Iraq
Official WebsiteBiograph y</ref>
السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني
Khamenei - اي
Sayyid Ali Hoseyni Khamenei
Iran & Iraq &
Iran Official Website
السيد علي حسيني خامنه اي