MSII History/ Final Study Guide Please use this study guide along with Christ the King

reading book (not the workbook) to help you prepare for the final exam. All the exam’s questions will be taken from this study guide

Christ the King, Chapter 19:
• • Who was Phillip II? p.244 Who were the Huguenots? p. 245

• Who fought in the War in the Netherlands (Low Countries also known as the Netherlands, or Holland and Belgium) p. 248 • Who won between the Catholics and the Protestants in the War in the Netherlands? • • 250 - 251 • What was the “Calvinist Fury” p.248-249 Who was Don Juan of Austria and what important battles did fight in? p. Why was the “Battle of Lepanto” so important? p. 251

• Why did Pope Pius V institute the Feast of the Most Holy Rosary on th October 7 ? p. 251 • • • • • What was St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre? p. 251-252 What was the “Spanish Fury” in the Netherlands p. 252 What was the “Act of Association” in England p. 253 What was the “Babington Plot?” p. 253 What was the “Spanish Armada?” p. 254-257 • • naval fleet? • navy? • The Nine Year’s War p. 259 • Who was it between? Why did Phillip II have it built? Why was the Spanish Armada ultimately inferior to England’s Who ultimately won between the Spanish Armada and England’s

268• Does Baptism remove sins? . 259 Which side won? P.• • Battle of Blackwater also known as Battle of Yellow Ford p. 267• • • Which pope called the council? What were the two main focuses of the council of Trent? What were some of the reforms of the Church? • • preparation? • What was required of bishops? What changes were made for priestly formation and What was expected from candidates for the priesthood? • What was expected form priests in general and from pastors of parishes? • What was required of religious monks and nuns? • What decision did the Church make on granting indulgences in return for contributions of money? • What were some of the doctrines that the council of Trent stated the exact meaning of? P. 264 – 266 • • • • • • • Where was he from? What was he doing before his conversion? What did he do after his conversion? What are the Spiritual Exercises? Who and what are the Jesuits? What good works did the Jesuits accomplish in Europe? Catholic Reformation and the Great Council of Trent p. Ignatius of Loyola p. 260 Christ the King. Chapter 20: • Who was St.

John of the Cross St. Chapter 21: • Scientific Revolution (Seventeenth Century) p.• • • • • • • • • Does grace have the power to truly transform man? Can faith alone save man? What else does man need? Who does God offer grace to? Everyone or only the elect? How many sacraments are there? Does Purgatory exist? Should we despise the saints or honor them? Were indulgences prohibited? Which pope put into effect the Council of Trent? P.272 • • • • • • Charles Borromeo Teresa of Avila & St. 268 Reforming Saints: p. 276 • Isaac Newton from England: • What main contributions did he make to science? • Theory of the “Universal Law of Gravitation” • Wrote the “Principia Mathematica” • Explained planetary motion and developed laws of motion . 268 . Francis de Sales St. Francis Xavier Christ the King. Phillip Neri St. Peter Canisius St.

Chapter 21: • Who was James I of England? P. 280What were Cardinal Richelieu two main goals in • What 3 main steps did he have to take in order to make the king all powerful? p. 283 • How did Phase II begin? Who fought in Phase II.• • • • What is Determinism? P. 285 What was the treaty of Westphalia? P. and who won? P. 283 • How did Phase III begin? Who fought in Phase III and who won? P. • Who fought in Phase I. 277-279 • • life: p. and who won? P. 283-285 • How did Phase IV begin? Who fought in Phase IV and who won? • • have? P. Please be ready to know each phase. 281 • What started the Thirty Years War? P. 277 What is Geocentrism? P. 277 What is Heliocentrism? P. 294 . 276-277 What is Deism? P. 285 What 6 important effects did the Thirty Year’s War Christ the King.277 • Who is Galileo? What did he discover? What did he think and believe regarding the earth and the sun? Did he disprove the Infallible Teaching Authority of the Church? What was his overall relationship with the Church? P. 280 Who was King Louis XIII of France p. 282- • The 30 Year’s War can be divided into four phases.

298 • Who were nicknamed the roundheads? Who was its leader? P. 298 • Who were nicknamed the cavaliers? Who was its leader? P. 298 • What was the “Grand Remonstrance?” P. . 297 • What was the “Covenant” signed by the Scottish Calvinists? What were they rebelling against? P. 297-298 • Why did Charles I call back Parliament for a second time? Why was it called Long Parliament? P. 294 • Who made up the majority if not the entire Parliament? P. 294-295 • What main consequences followed after the “Gunpowder Plot?” p. 296 • 296 • Did Charles I get along with Parliament? Did Charles I keep Parliament or dissolve it during the main part of his reign? P. 297 • Why did Charles I call back Parliament? Why was it called “Short Parliament?” p.• How did James I want to rule England? P. 298 Who succeeded James I? p. 298 • Who fought in the “First Civil War” of England? P. 295 – 296 • What was the Act of Uniformity enforced by James I? P.

298 Which side won the first civil • Who fought in the “Second Civil War?” p. 299 • How did Oliver Cromwell rule in England? What did he do to Parliament during his rule? P. 299 • What did Oliver Cromwell have done to King Charles I? p. 300 – 301 • Who succeeded Oliver Cromwell? P. 304 • What religion was James II? Who succeeded Charles II? . 303 • P. 302 • P. 302 • What was the “Act of Exclusion” introduced by Parliament? P. 303 • How did James II try to restore Catholicism in England? P. 303 How did James II lose the throne? P. 303 -304 • What was the “Glorious Revolution” in England? P.• war? P. 304 • What were the two important lasting results the “Glorious Revolution” had? P. 301 • What was the “Titus Oates Plot” also known as the “Popish Plot?” p.

• Mass and the Sacraments were outlawed • The Irish language was forbidden (Gaelic) • English military was brought in to fight and kill the Irish under Oliver Cromwell. .• How were the Irish Catholics overall treated by the English beginning with Henry VIII until William of Orange? • What were the “plantations” imposed upon the Irish Catholics by James I? • Under unjust policies designed to eradicate the Irish Catholic population these are some of the main consequences: • Irish bishops and priests were imprisoned. exiled and executed • Basic education was denied to the Irish • Lands were taken away and given to Scottish Calvinists without compensation.

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