Liu Jin Sheng

CHIN NA FA: Skill of Catch and Hold
Shanghai, 1936
2005
,
Contents
Synopsis of the Book
Preface by Zhao Jiang
Preface by Liu Jin Sheng
Explanations and Instructions
Part I TOU BU NA FA: Head Grips
1. QIAN ZHUA FA: Seizure by the hair from the front
2. QIAN ZHUA FA: Seizure by the hair from the front
3. HOU ZHUA FA: Seizure by the hair from behind
4. eUAN DENG: Clasping a lamp
5. ZHUA LlAN: Seizing by the face
6, ZHAI KUI : Taking off the helmet
7. PU SHU: Catching a mouse
8. AN TOU eUAN JING: Pressing on head and breaking neck
9. AN TIAN GU: Pressing on the celestial drum
Part II JING BU NA FA: Neck Grips
1. NIE SU: Squeezing the crop
2. JIAN JIA BO: Squeezing with arms from the front
3. HOU JIA BO: Squeezing with arms from behind
4. QIANG SUO HOU: Pinching (blocking) the throat from the front
5. HOU SUO HOU: Pinching (blocking) the throatfrom behind
6. BIE SHOU FENG HOU: Blocking an arm and pinching the throat
7. LE JING DUAN BI : Squeezing the neck and breaking an arm
8. JIAO JING: Grappling the neck obliquely
3
6
9
10
14
17
,.
20
21
23
24
26
29
30
32
34
35
36
3.
39
41
43
..
46
Part III JIAN BU NA FA: Shoulder Grips
1. DAO 81 XIE JIAN: Pressing an arm, dislocating a shoulder
2. KOU ZHaU: Pressing on an elbow
3. ZHUA JIAN: Gripping by a shoulder
4. BAU ZHOU: Squeezing an elbow
5. BIE CHI : Holding by wings
6. JIA BI TUO JIAN: Squeezing arms, dislocating shoulders
Part IV XIOUNG LEI BEl BU NA FA: Countermeasures
48
49
51
52
54
56
59
Against Grips from the Front, Flanks and the Rear 61
1. HOU ruo ZHOU: Propping up an elbow from the rear 62
2. BO ZHOU: Pressing on an elbow 64
3. ZHUANG SHEN eUAN WAN: Turning the torso and fracturing a wrist 65
4. WO TI : Lying hoof 67
5. CUI ZHOU: Fracturing an elbow 69
6. DING WAN: Propping a wrist 70
7. JIE WAN: Pi cking up a wrist 72
8. FAN TUO ZHaU: Propping an elbow inward 73
Part V YAO FU BU NA FA: Counteractions Against Grips on
the Waist and Stomach 75
1. QIAN PENG ZHOU: Pressing on an elbow from the front 76
2. HOU PENG ZHOU: Pressing on an elbow from the rear 77
3. DING WAN: Propping a wrist 80
4. DUAN ZHOU: Raising an elbow 82
5. KUA ZHOU: Linking your arm through enemy' s arm 83
6. LE WAN : Pressing on a wrist 84
7. DUAN YAO: Fracturing the waist 85
8. JIA YAO: Squeezing the waist 86
Part VI BI WAN BU NA FA: Grips at a hand and wrist 88
1. XIAO CHAN SI: Small hank ofthread 89
2. SHUANG CHAN SI: Double hank ofthread 92
4
3. OA CHAN SI : Big hank of thread 94
4. QU ZHOU OUAN BI : Bending an elbow and fracturing an arm 97
5. KUA LAN: Canytng a basket by grappling it with an arm 100
6. FU HU: Binding a tiger 102
7. GUN ZHOU: Somersault over the elbow 106
8. CHE CHI : pulling by the wing 109
9. SI CHI : Tearing the wing 112
10. KANG ZHOU: Canytng an elbow on the shoulder 115
11. JUAN QUAN: Wringing a fist 116
12. LUOWAN: Clutching a wrist 117
13. JIA SHAN: Squeezing with the armpit 120
14. KOU QUAN: Covering a fist 121
15. CHENG ZHOU OUAN WAN: Propping up an elbow and fracture a wrist 122
16. BE ZHOU: Squeezing an elbow 124
17. n ZHOU: Raising an elbow 125
18. YA ZHOU: Pressing with an elbow 126
19. PEN AN ZHOU: Pressing on an elbow 128
20. JIA ZHOU: Clutching an elbow 129
21 . KUA MA: Straddling a horse 130
22. FEN Bl : Parting apart arms 132
23. LE ZHOU: Unbending an elbow 133
Part VII SHOU ZHI BU: Grips for a hand and fingers 135
1. nAO MA JIN: Pressing on a tendon to cause numbing 136
2. lUI ZHI: Pushing a thumb 141
3. JIU AN ZHI: Bending a finger 142
4.QIAN YANG: Pulling a ram 143
5. FEN ZHI: Spreading fingers 144
Part VIII YIN TUI JIZO BU: Grips for Genitals, Legs and Feet 145
1. ZHUA YIN: Seizing by genitalia 146
2. OUAN lUI : Breaking a leg 148
3. ZUO lUI : Getting astride a leg 149
4. OENG lUI : pushing a leg 150
5. OUAN ZU: Breaking an ankle 152
***
5
Synopsis of the Book
The book "CHIN NA FA" I was written by Liu Jin Sheng in collaborati on
Wi Ul Zhao Jiang. The first editi on of the book was issued in July of 1936 as a
lll aJlUal for the police academy of Zhejiang province. The book was plillted
by the publishing house Shan Wu in Shanghai . The book includes author's
portrait, Zhao Jiang's preface (he is also known as Long Wen), introduction
and descripti on of the teclUliques CHIN NA with photos and detailed
explanations. The techniques described can be conventionally grouped into
eight patts. TIle first part is head holds
2
. The second part is neck holds. The
third part is shoulders holds. The fourth part is front, side and back holds. The
fiftll side is torso and stomach holds. The sixth part is hand and wrist holds.
The seventh part is fingers holds. The eighUl part is genitals and legs holds.
Great attention is also paid to counter-acti ons i f the enemy tries to cany out
some attacking action.
The author of the book, Liu Jin Sheng, was bom in the province of Shan dong.
In his preface he wlites: "In my childhood my grandfather (my mother's
father) gave me an ancient manuscript book. I drilled during t1uee years using
pictures of the book and at that time I did not become aware of the true value
of Ulat book. Then I happened to leam under the guidance of Ule famous
Editor' s notes:
1 The hieroglyph CHIN in the title of the book means "catch" (noun), "catch"
(verb), "grab" (noun), "grab" (verb), "seize" (verb) ; the hieroglyph NA means
"hold" (noun), "hold" (verb), "grasp" (noun), "grasp (verb)", "grip" (noun),
"grip" (verb), "control " (noun), "control " (verb) ; the hieroglyph FA means
"skill", "method", "technique".
2 The term "Hold" is used in this text as the most adequate translation of the
hieroglyph "NA"; however, as mentioned above, the hieroglyph has a wider
range of meaning. In this text it means not only a lock as such; it also means
subsequent technical actions.
,
master of tile NorUl Wang Zi Ping
3
as well as over hventy other great masters.
I drilled in various kinds of Martial Arts during more than twenty years. With
cel1ain experience beh.ind me, I can say that tile ancient manuscllpt preselved
by my grandfather is pJlceless heritage of our National Martial Ali ,"
TecJmiques of CHIN NA include a wide set of vall ous movements: press and
bl ows on vulnerable points, grappling, strangling, tluows and so OIl. That set
of movements (impacts on the enemy) allows to realize the following
methods: "Separation (tearing) of muscles and sinews" (FENG JING),
"Dislocating (breaking out) of bones and j oints" (YU GU), <<S uffocation" (BI
QI) and "Impacting on points" (DIAN XUE) . Also, those metllOds must be
used skillfully, not just with bmte force. Both anny and police always
attached great importance to tlus art.
The introducti on to the book says: "Initially t1us skill had several Ilallles:
FENG l ING FA - ' 'The teclmique of separation (breaking) of muscles and
sinews"; 01 TANG FA - "Methods of combat when lying on tile ground";
YU GU FA - ' 'The tecluuque of di slocati on (breaking out) of bones and
joints" and CHIN NA FA - ' 'The tecllluque of catch and hold." At present the
name CHIN NA FA has predominantly become established. Totally, there are
72 metllods. The ancient manuscllpt calls this skill DI SHA SHOU - "Devil ' s
Hand." Specialists in WU SHU say there are 36 "big" and 72 "small" points
on a human body. 36 positions, 72 positions and 108 positions (tecllluques)
are also marked out in CHIN NA FA. That traditional division has been
maintained till now since long time when our ancestors created the theory of
EdItor' s notes:
3 Wang Zi Ping (1881·1973) nicknamed Yon An, a Muslim from the town of
Cangzhou in the province of HebeL Was of a family of WU SHU masters.
Trained from his childhood under the guidance of elder relatives. Later
learnt HUA QUAN from Sha Bao Xing and Ma Yun Long, then CHA QUAN
from Yang Hong Xu. In 1928, after foundation of the " Central Institute of
National Martial Art" in Nanking, became the dean of the Shaolin faculty. One
of outstanding masters of the XX century.
7
CHrN NA on the basis of the conception 36 TIAN GANG" and 72 0 1 SHA
5
.
But actually, Ulat is only a tribute to tradition Ulat has no great practical
significance.
72 DI SHA - Spirits of 72 Stars
Editor' s notes:
4 TIAN GANG (from TIAN, "the sky" and GANG, "Constellation ofthe Great
Bear") 36 kind Spirits of the Great Bear in Chinese people' s mythology.
15 01 SHA (from 01, "earth" and SHA, "ill influence of Spirits" ), Spirits of 72
stars in Chinese people' s mythology who exert bad influence. 01 SHA
oppose to 36 Spirits of the Great Bear who are called TIAN GANG (see
above). According to that system 01 SHA, though they are Spirits of stars,
are considered to be incarnation of evil forces of the Earth.
8
Preface by Zhao Jiang
Lin Jin Sheng xirulsheng
6
Jeamt tile martial 311 in tJle province of Shandong.
He moved to the province ofZhejiang six years ag0
7
. He has di sciples all over
the province. However, he lives a modest life, at his leisure time he exchanges
views with his colleagues in the martial alt. Long Wen is responsible for
training the police of this province and realizes that policemen in their
struggle against criminals can not confonn to requirements without acquiring
the martial art. Each time when we touch that topic to fmd quite quick as well
as effective training methods, Lin xiansheng surely puts to the forefront CHIN
NA. Om Martial Art (WU SHU) can cause body injuries to people, it is
difficult to leam tiils a11 and reach perfection. When WU SHU is used, body
damages are often done to people, but policemen are the people who protect
public order. The best of all is to use meOlod CHIN NA in order to subdue
people instead of inflicting body damages to Otem. A good effect can be
obtained with proper expl anation and tnlining. Now those who are responsible
for public order will get Otis book to study it and use the art of CHIN NA in
society's interests. It is for tltis purpose tllat we publish the book by Liu
xiansheng.
Editor's notes:
Zhao Long Wen
March, 25-th of the Chinese Republic (1936)
6 Xiansheng, a polite addressing to educated people, especially to older
fersons and teachers, in China, like Mr. or Sir in Britain.
We wish to remind you that the book was published in 1936.
9
Preface by Liu Jin Sheng
Recentl y those who talk of
militalY science mainl y pay
attention to
.
van ous
ann 3ments of tluee branches
of the anned forces (land
forces, Ilavy force and air
force) and did not pay any
attention to the national
Martial Art (GUO SHU)
inherent in China. After the
defeat of I- He-Tuan
foll owers
8
dm;ng the Qing
dynasty' . many beli eved that
all who leamt WU SHU
Editor's notes:
81-He-Tuan uprising, anti-Government uprising of peasants and poor lown-
dwellers in the northern China in 1899-1901. The uprising was initiated by
the secret religious society I-He-Chuan ("The fist in the name of justice and
concord" ). Later insurgent troops were renamed to I-He-luan (" Detachments
of justice and concord", hence the name of the uprising). As the name of
society included the word Chuan, or Quan (" Fist" ) in recent standard
spelling, foreigners called insurgents "boxers", which gave another name to
the I-He-Chuan uprising - " Boxer Rebellion. " The uprising started in the
province of Shantung where particularly great influence of western powers
and Christian missionaries felt. At the beginning of 1900 the center of the
uprising moved to metropolitan province of Zhili. So-called " boxers"
demolished railways and telegraph lines, buildings of religious missions and
some governmental institutions, actually they exercised control over a vast
territory. The movement spread to the provinces of Shansi and Manchuria. In
1901 the uprising was suppressed with active participation of troops from
Western powers (Great Britain, Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, the USA,
Russia, Italy) as well as Japan.
S The monarchic dynasty that ruled in China right until the Xinhai Revolution
of 1911.
10
were bandi ts. WU SHU was held in bad repute because I-He-Tuan followers
drilled in it. That 's why people started to despise the national martial 311.
Because of it men of matchl ess mastery in WU SHU are not in Inmy to reveal
tJ\eir ski ll . Some of tJ\ em even went for "knights of tJ te road." As a
consequence tJte Chinese nation was labeled as a "sick nation" and foreigners
oppress us for a few decades.
During several decades after Meiji Isin
l O
Japan, our eastem neighbor, joined
tJ1e ranks ofl eading world powers. Many dunk tJlat it had happened as a result
of imitation of Europe 31ld West but they do not know tJ13t long before Meij i
Ising tJte Jap31leSe cultivated tJte spiri t of s31nurais and Yanl ato
ll
. Studies in
so called "s31nurai spirit" showed tJ13t it originated in our country. DUli.ng tJle
Ming12 dynasty some Chinese Chen Yuan Yun sailed to Japan 31ld brought
witJ\ him two kinds of the Chinese national martial art, ill Olle of them
grappling and throws prevailed. He tallght local inhabitants who hi ed very
hard and diligentJy acquired tJlis skill . The Japanese govenunent encouraged
tJtat activity 31ld supp0l1ed its development by all means. Finally, tJti s kind of
martial 311 was named Juj itsu and later J u d o ~ it spread all over tJ1e counuy.
The Japanese people educated in that atmosphere was becoming brave 31ld
militant.
Editor' s notes:
10 MEIJIISIN (means r enovation, restoration of Meiji in Japanese), the
revolution of 1867 -1868 in Japan. II overthrew the power of seguns from the
house of Tokugava and restored the power of emperors. The government
headed by Mutsukhito (emperor Meiji) came to power, it took a path of social
and economic reforms.
11 YAMATO, a union of tribes in Japan in 34 centuries. On the base of this
union the Japanese state was founded. The expression " Yamato spirit"
became a synonym of the " Japanese spirit".
12 The Ming dynasty ruled in China since 1368 till 1644.
11
Therefore, if we speak about the salvation of our Motherland, first of all we
have to advocate our national martial art to keep up people' s spirit. AltilOugh
recently the central authoriti es foll owing instructions of the prime-minister
encourage exercises in national martial a11s and bOUl in Ul e center and in
provinces palaces of nati onal martial art were founded, but besides wrestling,
only two schools, Shaolill and Wudan, were noticeably spread. Also,
individual b·aining (mastering of f01111 s, or TAO) is prevailed in tilOse
institutions but Ule applied aspect of teclmiques learnt is ignored. Therefore, if
a man who has been exercising, say, even for twenty or th.it1y years and who
engages a westem boxer or a Japanese judo wrestler, will be surely defeated.
Stri ving for nice-looking movements without practical use and absence of
fi ghting spirit are at the bottom of it. In titis way we shall lose little by little
all tile heritage of our ancestors who brilliantly used all metilOds and
teclutiques in a combat. Now foreigners say with a touch of irony Ulat tile
Chinese martial art is HoUling else but a dance WiUl energetic movements. Our
ancestors knew how to drill by twos, one against anoUler, and alone. They
were able to employ various teclmiques one after anoUler in a fight, attacking
continuously tile enemy so tilat he had no time to defend himself, noUting to
say about fighting back. That is why such well-known generals of tile Mi.ng
dynasty as Qi Jiguang, Yu Dayou and otilers encouraged a practical approach
to training and rejected all showy and perfunctory Uungs. They made a
glorious mark in the lustory.
Today sciences develop, all branches of knowledge improve from day to day.
Only our national martial at1 does not make atly progress, moreover, it loses
its secret meUlOds, as our ancestors revealed their secrets very seldom. It is
very pity. In my childhood my grandfather Fang Chen Xlm gave me an
ancient mrumscript book. 1 drilled dming tiuee yeat·s using pictures of tile
book. At that time I did not become awar e ofUle true value of tJl at book. Then
I'
I happened to leam under the guidance of Wang Zi Ping
13
, a famous master of
the North, as well as over twenty other great masters. I drilled various kinds
of Martial Al1s dming more Ul an twenty years. With certain expelience
behind me, I can say Ulat the ancient manusclipt preserved by Ill y grandfaUler
is, indeed, priceless helitage of am National Martial Art. That ' s why I
decided to publish this book for UlOse who are sincerely eager to leam am
national martial art.
Liu Jin Sheng
The Police Academy of Zhejiang province
1-st of May of the 24-th year of the Chinese Republic (1935).
Editor' s notes:
13 Wang Zi Ping (1881·1973) nicknamed Yon An, a Muslim from the town of
Cangzhou in the province of HebeL Was of a family of WU SHU masters,
trained from his childhood under the guidance of older relatives. Later learnt
HUA QUAN from Sha Baa Xing and Ma Yun Long, then CHA QUAN from
Yang Hong Xiu. In 1928, after foundation of the Central Institute of National
Martial Art in Nanking, became the dean of the Shaolin faculty. One of
outstanding masters of the XX century.
\3
Explanations and Instructions
At first thi s ali (skill) had several names: FENG JING FA - ' 'The teclmique of
separation (tearing) of muscl es and sinews"; Dr TANG FA - «Methods of
combat when lying on Ul e ground"; YU GU FA - "The teclutique of
dislocating (breaking out) of bones and j oints" and CHIN NA FA - "The
teclmique of catch and hold." At present the Ilame CHIN NA FA has
predominantly become established. Totally, there are 72 methods. The ancient
manuscript calls tills skill DI SHA SHOU - «Devil 's Hand." Tlus secret
teclmique perfectly suits bOtll for self-defense and defense of Motherland. It is
essential for training military men and policemen.
A very detailed description is supplied to each teclmique and method
expOlUlded in the book. The language is vety simple in order everythi ng to be
understandable at first sight. All has been done to increase training effi ciency
at most.
TItis teclutique is exclusively designed for practical employment, not for
decoration and show. When drilling al one, it is difficult to understand its
wisdom to the end and catch all nuances. It is necessary to have sparring
practice, really to oppose each other. Pain must be felt if touched, but too
great eff011 must not be applied, otherwise a body damage - sprained muscles
and sinews, bone frachues and etc . can be caused. It is as far as trailting
sessions are concemed. However, you get quite anoUler tlting when it is a
matter oflife and death.
Each man who needs to master an effecti ve system of self-defense, whoever
he may be - civilian, militmy man or member of police, must have tltis book.
It is necessalY to systematically drill as shown in tlle photos and explained in
14
the text. In the course of time everything will urnl out all right. When you
suddenly encounter an enemy and YOli have no fir eanns with you, you have to
enter a hand-to-hand fi ght. If yon mastered Uus skill (GONG FU), you will he
abl e to win,
Moreover, having mastered Uus tecluuque, you can sway the destiny of Ul e
enemy. If you are in command of tlus teclmique, you can kiU your enemy,
cause lUlbearable pain, tear his muscles and sinews, break Ius bones or make
him unconscious for some time and completely disable lum to resist .
When a criminal, being arrested, resists and shouts, a meUlOd of "temporary
deaUI" can be employed
14
. Or it is possible to grasp a cel1ain pad oflus body
and in such a way make him follow Ul e escort. Then he can be "animated"
again or his fixed extremity can be released. The duration of being in such a
state must not exceed two hours.
Even a WOmall or a physically weak man who mastered Uti s tecluuque can
curb a strong enemy. Tlus tecluuque demands deftness alld skill, not bmte
force. It is necessalY to train oneself daily to make Ule body flexible and
nimble, but "hardness" must be hidden inside Uus "softness."
The men who perfect themselves in Ul e Martial Ali must drill meUlods of
impacts on acupuncture points (DIAN XUE), blows (DA), grappling (NA),
Urrows (SHUAI) . Those four kinds of combat skillfully combined willmeall
matchless mastery. Depending on a sihlation, you Call employ all four kinds
of combat conduct, in that case even if you encounter a physically velY strong
enemy, you will win all Ule same. But to attain it, you must train yourself velY
seriously. be persistent and persevering.
Editor's notes:
14 It implies that the enemy will be brought in unconscious state.
15
When men fight, they usually grapple each other. Under sti ch conditions the
employment of CHIN NA technique gives the best effect. It is necessaty to
pay special attention to it .
TItis method is very artful and effective. For a long time it was not passed (to
other people) and was almost lost. Now we publish this rality and pass the
priceless Art to our compatriots as a gift.
People in our country know that the national martial art includes impact on
points, grappling, throws, and blows. Tltis book wholly deals with grappling
(NA). Books on three other aspects of martial arts are being prepared for
publication.
The book contains 99 photos. For the sake of better understanding
complicated movements are di sl11pted into several parts alld several photos,
for exampl e, photo I, 2, 3 show intenuediate phases of one continuous
movement. The explanatOlY text is given for two opposing sides who are
named "A" and '13". In case of a collective training session in the anny or the
police one rank acts as "A", another as "8 ".
When encountering an enemy, you must demonstrate courage, strength,
mastely , and skill . You mast act by surprise, move swiftly, in that case you
will Will. The most important thing is not to lose heart . If you lost heart, you
will lose everytlting.
16
Part I
TOU BU NA FA
Head

ripS
17
During the period of dynasty MING and later in the beginning of
dynasty QING
15
people's hair was laid in a knot. At that time methods
of seizing by hair considered in paragraph one and two were used
rather often: really, if somebody strongly seizes by the hair near the
roots, it is difficult to get free.
Modern people also have hair but it is not laid in a knot. Therefore, ff
one's hair is rather long, the enemy can seize the hair near the roots at
once, and ff the hair is short, it is not alvvays possible to do, at any rate,
a seizure will be not so strong. It should be taken into consideration
when using those methods and make required corrections. However,
the technique of effecting on an enemy's wrist which makes a grip
mainly remains the same.
A long time ago everybody had long hair, that' s why the book contains
such paragraphs. At our time li vi ng conditions have changed,
everybody is closely cropped or has his hair cut short, one is not able
of seizi ng by the hair. This manuscript was wri tten in ancient ti mes and
we decided to leave as it is, without deleting anything.
Paragraph 1 QIAN ZHUA FA: Seizure by the
hair from the front (variant 1).
Th.is meth. od is employed if the enemy standing in front of you seized you by
the hair 011 Ul e top of your head.
Editor's notes:
15 The Ming dynasty ruled in China since 1368 till 1644, then the power
passed to the Qing dynasty that ruled until Xinhai Revolution of 1911.
18
Photo 1 - " Seizure by the hair from the front " (variant 1).
Explanations
B(A) has seized A(B) from tile front wi til his right (left) hand by the hair.
A(B) must quickly cover the enemy's hand Ulat is making a seizure with both
palms, press it to his head and pull it back with force. At tile same time the
torso and Ule head must move back
l6
so Ulat Ule enemy's ann making a
seizure by tile hair will straighten in the elbow j oint but its wlist will remain
slightly bent17. At tllat instant it is necessary abruptly draw (bend) forward
with the whole body, press as strong as possible with the head and the hands
(on an enemy's hand) a little bit to tile light (left) and downward. It is
necessruy to abruptly press Witil palmslB on Ule enemy's hand at tile point
whi ch lies one CUN
I9
below the wrist on its outer side. A fracture of Ul e wrist
will occur. Photo 1 - wSeizure by the hair fr om the front" (varia nt 1).
Editor' s notes:
16 For that purpose "A" must make a small step backward and slighlly bend
back in his waist.
17 For that purpose it i s necessary to lower the chin to the breast .
18 " To chop" in the original text.
IS 1 CUN = 3.3 cm.
19
Paragraph 2 QIAN ZHUA FA: Seizure by the
hair from the front (variant 2).
This method is not a vital one for the people of today with their hair
shortly cut or with a shaven head like that one of the author of this
book.
TIllS method is employed when the enemy, as in the first case, standing in the
front, seized you by the hair on the top of yom head.
Photo 2 - "Seizure by the hair from the front" (variant 2).
Expl anations
As in the first case, SeA) has seized ACB) with hi s right Oeft) hand by the
hair. It is necessary to cover the hand of the enemy with the right Oeft) palm
and tightly press it to your head. the middle fulger being tJ uust under hi s
palm. At Ule same time you seize with the left (right) hand Ute enemy' s ann
from above 2 or 3 CUNs
10
above the wrist, move the body and the head back
so that Ius ann is straightened in the elbow joint and the wrist a little bit bent.
At Ulat instant it is necess<'uy to stoop down abl1l ptly, at Ule same time the left
(right) leg makes a step fonvard, the left (right) elbow pressing on the
enemy's ann from above downward and forward. Tlus movement must be
fast and strong, in that case a wri st fi'acture will occur. Photo 2 - "Seizure by
the hair from the front" (variant 2).
Paragraph 3 HOU ZHUA FA: Seizure by the
hair from behind.
This method is very effective but when it is employed, it is necessary
to take into account difference in height and build. Let's consider a
case when a man, small and relatively weak from physical point of
view, encountered an enemy who is a head taller and substantially
stronger. In this case the small weak man, even ff he takes the position
shown in photo 3, can not overpower the enemy. Here some additional
actions are required, for instance, it is possible to deliver an elbow
blow on his ribs or stoop and strike at his genitalia. After that action the
above method can be successfully used.
Tlus method is used if the enemy standing belund seized you by Ule hair on
the back of your head.
Editor's notes:
20 6.6 _ 9.9 em.
'1
Explanations
SeA), standi ng behind the
back of A(S), has seized
his hair with the right
(left) hand. A(B) must
quickly cover the enemy's
hand with Ius light (left)
palm, press it to the back
of his head with force and
slightly move witll Ius
whole torso to the right
(left), pulling the enemy
with himself, and at the
same time he must tum to
tlle left (right) by 90
degrees. It is necessary
"to prop up", from below
upwaJd, the tip of the
enemy's elbow with the
left (right) palm and at the
same time to bend the
Photo 3 - "Seizure by the hair from behind."
body to the right (left) to have the enemy' s caught ann straightened in the
elbow joint and the head slightly tossed back to tum the enemy's caught ann
with the elbow down. Press on the enemy's elbow joint against its natural
bend Witll the left (right) ann from below upwaJ"d, that will make tile enemy
draw lumself up and stand on tiptoe. If a movement is made abmptl y and with
sufficient effOlt, a fracture of Ul e elbow joint will occm. Photo 3 - uSeizure
by the hair from behind. "
Paragraph 4 DUAN DENG: Clasping a lamp.
It is very effective, though relatively dangerous (for your opponent)
method. After becoming unconscious from violent pain the enemy
goes into a coma, a man, being in this state for a long time, can die.
Therefore, it is necessary to know methods which can help him to go
out of that state. To employ that method effectively, one must have
strong arms, specially trained fingers, otherwise it will be to no
purpose. When executing that method the second arm performs an
auxiliary function.
Tins method is applicable to an enemy in any position - standing, sitting or
lying one.
Explanations
A(B) seizes the
lobe of tlle left
(right) ear of Ule
enemy with his
light (left) thumb
and forefinger,
his right (left)
mi ddle
presses
finger
with
force on the
tendon below tile
ear and a little bit
above protmding
bone (angle) of
the lower jaw
/
Photo 4 - "Clasping a lamp. "
where the point of" :muscle mun bness" lies. It is necessary to press inward and
a little upward. At tlle same time you must seize the right (left) pali of tlle
enemy' s head above tlle temple Witll your left (right) hand and press to tlle
right (left) and downward witll force. Press at tlle same time witll bOtll hands
to squeeze tlle enemy' s head as strong as possible. If everything has been
done properly. tlle enemy's body grows mUllb immediately and he will
become unconscious 6:om violent pain. It needs long drilling to make fingers
strong, otllerwise it is difficult to get required efTect2l . Photo 4 - "Clasping a
lam p. "
Paragraph 5 ZHUA LlAN: Seizing by the face.
Photo 5 shows how to seize the enemy's hand properly: it is necessary
to seize and squeeze his thumb with your little finger and the fourth
finger and press his hand to your chest with your palm. Grip and
control of the enemy's thumb is a key to effective employment of this
method.
After execution of protective actions it is necessary to counter-attack
without delay, otherwise there is a risk of exposing your head to a
blow.
Point QU CHI:
TIns method is employed
when tlle enemy
.
IS
dowlUight in front of you
and he is puslnng you 011 your breast or seizing your clotlles.
Editor's notes:
21 Training methods for fingers are described in detail in the book Jin Jing
Zhong. Training Methods of 72 Arts of Shaolin. (Tanjin, 1934). You can
order this e-book here » .
Explanations
SeA) reaches out his right Oeft:) ann with tile aim to push or seize by tile
clothes on the breast of A(S). A(S) must immediately cover tile hand of tile
SeA) witIl his left (right) hand, slightly "draw in" hi s chest, shift backward a
littl e witIl the whole torso, and tightly press the enemy's hand to his breast.
Photo 5 - "Seizing by the face."
ConculTently with that movement of tlle right Oeft) hand deliver fast and
strong blow from above downward to tlle region of the point QU CHI that lies
on the side of elbow bent, which will cause reflex bending of tlle enemy' s
ann. You use it and immediately approach the enemy, at tllat the right (left)
hand moves fonvard and upward without stopping and seizes the enemy by
the face: tlle thumb props up against the bridge of the nose from its right Oeft)
side and the otIler four fingers press with force on tlle tendon lUlder the left:
(right) ear, a littl e bit above the protnlding angle of the lower jaw in the
region of tile point of "muscle num bness". Pressing must be done with force,
in tllat case all muscles of the enemy will numb and he wiU not be able to
move rul an11 or leg. Actions must be well coordinated and fast when using
this metllOd. Photo 5 - "Seizing by the face. "
Paragraph 6 ZHAI KUI: Taking off the helmet.
When you employ this method, it is necessary to act resolutely and
fast, othelWise the enemy can break away.
The metJl od is used when the enemy mes to wring your neck.
Explanations
A(8 ) seizes 8 (A) by
the hair on the back of
the enemy' s head with
his right (left) hand,
concurrently he props
up against his chin on
the left side with the
left (right) hand, at tilat
tIle elbow of the right
(l eft) ann of tile A(8 )
in a bent positi on lllust
prop up against the
enemy' s chest below
the ann pit to Conn a
lever for the right (left)
....

Photo 6 - " Taking off the helmet", first phase.
ann. The right (left) hand pulls the hair seized at the back of the head toward
itself and downward and the left (right) hand pushes the enemy' s chin from
itself and upward. When you execute the method, you mnst tightl y lean with
your right Oeft) side against the left (right) side of Ul e enemy body as to hi s
left (right) ann to remain behind yom back. It is to avoid such possible
enemy' s cOlmteractions as a seizure and pressing yom· genitali a. It is the fi rst
phase of the met hod "Takin g off the helmet ", phot o 6.
It is a very important moment: it is possible to avoid a grip and carry
out a countermeasure only at the very beginning of actions of the
enemy when he has not applied all his force yet.
The second phase
Let ' s consider further a
possible countenneasure
against the method
' 'Taking off the helmet".
Let us assume that B(A)
tries to employ the
method ' 'Taking off the
helmet" against A(B)
but he has not applied
the ubnost effort yet.
A(B) must instanUy
bring his right (left) arm
back, cover Ul e hand
Ul at seized him by Ul e
hair and finnl y press it
to the back of his head.
Simultaneously it
.
IS
Photo 7 - "Taking off the helmet", second phase.
necessary to move Ule body a litUe bit back by bending in the waist, squat
partly to lower Ule left (right) shoulder to tile level of the right (left) elbow of
the enemy' s ann which seized the hair, push that elbow witil your shoulder to
the right (left), then "prop up" (Ule elbow) upward. In the cow-se of those
actions the body will hUll to the right (left) by 180 degrees. Due to it Ule ann
of Ule enemy Ulat pushes Ule chin loses its force, as tile head hll1lS to the
pushing side. It is necessary to pull with the right (left:) ann to Ule light (left:)
and downward Witil force . At tile same time you should "prop up" (Ule
enemy's elbow) with your left (right) shoulder and elbow upward, the whole
body will also rise a little up. Those actions will result in a frachlre of the
elbow joint of the enemy. It is the second phase of the method "Taking off
the helmet" , photo 7.
If yon failed to break the elbow, it is necessary to proceed immediately to the
third phase of this method, as desclibed below.
Explanations to photo 8: As mentioned above, advantage in body
height and strength is an important factor that must be always taken
into account. In photo 8 one of opponents is significantly taller and he
can use this advantage. If he turns to the right and at the same time
pushes off the elbow that "props up" his right arm with his left palm, he
will be able to avoid a grip and get free himself. Besides, he will find
himself behind the back of his enemy and will be able to use that
position for taking countermeasures.
The third phase
Let 's consider a possibl e
continuation of the second
phase of the method: A(B)
hmlS to the right (left)
with the aim of ' 'propping
up" with the shoulder the
enemy's ann that is held.
At that III Olll ent B(A)
started to COIUlteract with
the aim to get free himself
from Ule gri p. A(B) must
push upward with the left
elbow with a concurrent Photo 8 - "Taking off the helmet", third phase.
abmpt urnl of the whole body to the right (left) as to remain to be back to
back WiUI Ule enemy. At Ulat tlle right (left) hand of Ule A(B) mllst finnly
hold Ule enemy's hand Ul at seized him by the hair, the head and the whole
body must be bent down. III Ulat position it is extremely difficult for tlle
enemy to get himself free . The left ann , ifnecessalY, intensifies actions of the
light ann by catching Ule enemy's held arm near the wrist. Make a strong pull
fOfwal"d and downward and a frachue of Ule elbow joint will occm. It is the
third phase of the method "Taking off the helmet", photo 8.
Paragraph 7 PU SHU: Catching a mouse.
To employ effectively this method, it is necessary to have sufficiently
strong fingers.
The meUlod is employed when Ule enemy attacks from the front and tries to
grappl e your torso with his allll S or to seize YOll by yom waist belt.
Photo 9 - " Catching a mouse. "
Explanations
SeA) attacks A(S) from tile fi:ont and tries to grapple hi s torso with one or
two anns or seize by h.i s waist belt. A(S) must immediately retreat, at the
same time pull tile enemy to h.imself to make him lean forward. At titat
moment SeA) can use tile situation in hi s favor and butt, tilerefore it is
necessary to act fas t. A(S) must raise up his hands and seize tile enemy for his
cheeks from both sides, pressing at tilat witil his fingers on tendons below tile
ears with force. He must do hi s best to thmst his fmgers as deep as possible
and pull toward himself, at that moving with tile whole body back. Muscles of
tile enemy's whole body will numb and he will not be able to move with an
ann or a leg. See photo 9 - "Catching a mouse."
Paragraph 8 AN TOU DUAN JING: Pressing
on head and breaking neck.
Two men showing methods in photos 10 and 11 have a noticeable
difference in height. Whether it was done deliberately or happened by
chance, but at any rate it reminds us once more that it is necessary to
take into account height, build and physical strength of the enemy
when using any technique in practice. Surely it does not mean that a
man of small height always loses, not at all. As a rule, men of small
height are more deft and move faster but it is necessary to have
sufficiently high level of skill to use this advantage. For example, in
photo 10 the difference in height is by a head. It will not be a simple
task for the man whose height is lower to ' cover' the eyes of the
enemy from behind. The same situation is shown in photo No. 11:
although the partner of small height has carried out a grip but he
30
himself already staggers. If the level of skill is not sufficiently high, that
position is quite dangerous for him.
The metllOd is empl oyed when the enemy attacks from tlIe front, moving
forward resolutely.
Explanations
8 (A) attacks and plUlches
with the light (left) fist.
A(8) slightly leans his torso
to the right (left) and
dodges the punch, at tllat he
deflects tlle striking ann of
the enemy to tlle left (right)
witll tlle right (left) hand.
Simultaneously tlle left leg
of A(8) makes a step
toward the enemy and tlle
left (right) side of his chest
sets against the right (left)
side of the enemy. At tllat
moment A(B) pushes tlle
enemy' s chin WitIl his light
Photo 10 - " Pressing on head and breaking
neck" .
(left) hand from below upward and fOlward and supports tlle back of the
enemy from behind Witll tlle left (tight) forearm and elbow to prevent tile
enemy from falling back. Then, move immediately tile left (light) hand
upward and forward and hook tile upper edges of tile enemy' s eye-sockets
witll tlle forefinger and tlle fOlll1h finger bent like a hook. It is necessary to
pull back and down WitII force to make him bend back. If at tllat moment botIt
allus apply an abrupt eff0l1, tllere will occur a frachrre of tlle neck. If tile
31
chance is missed, the enemy can try to dodge back and avoid a grip. In that
case it is necessary instantly to change the method for another one depending
on the situation. In a word, if you failed to cany out the method, you should
immediately change for another one and you will succeed. See photo 10:
.. Pressing on head and breaking neck."
Paragraph 9
celestial drum.
The method is usually
employed against a
physically strong enemy.
To cany it out, it is
necessary to be behind
the back of the enemy.
Explanations
8 (A) goes or seats.
A(8), catching
moment, appears behind
his back. It is necessary
to thrust Uuough bOUl
anns lUlder tIle enemy' s
ann-pits, raise them up
to the point TIAN GUll,
AN TIAN GU: Pressing on the
Photo 11 - " Pressing on the celestial drum."
seize tIle wri st of Ule oUler hand WiUl one hand and press fonvard and
Editor's notes:
22 The point TIAN GU is located on the base of the skull vault, above the
point of connection of the skull vault and the neck section of the spine.
downward with force. At that, it is necessary to try to keep the hands higher,
incline Ule upper part of the torso back and stick out Ul e stomach forward. In
Ul at case Ul e enemy will stagger and it will be velY diffi cult for him to get
himself free. If you press WiOl the anns down WiUI force, Ule enemy feels
sharp pain in Ut e neck and vertigo appears and due to it he loses Ius abili ty to
resist. If Ule enemy tries to use the countellueaSllre call ed "Falling on the
ground, making a somersault to free himself ', at no events must you let him
off. It is necessary to fall with him to Ule ground WiUlout loosening Ule grip
and go on pressing WiUI anll S as to cause displacement of his neck vertebrae.
See photo 11 - "Pressing on the celestial drum."
33
Part II
JING BU NA FA
Neck

ripS
34
Paragraph 1 NIE SU: Squeezing the crop.
One of WU SHU proverbs says: ' If you have strength, go straight
fOlWard, no strength - go from a side' . It means the following: to attack
the enemy frontally, it is necessary to have not only a higher level of
skill but good physical conditions (a well-trained body) as well.
The method is employed in case ofa fr ontal attack orthe eIlemy ifhe plUlches
or tries to seize by the head.
Explanations
SeA) resolutely reduces
the distance and punches
with his right Oeft) fi st,
moving toward A(B). A
(B) tums tile attacking
ann of the enemy with
the right (left) hand to
tl,e left (right) ,
simultaneously he makes
a step fonvard as to his
left (right) shoul der to set
against an ann-pit of the
enemy. At that, the ann
whi ch made a blow finds
itself above his left:
(right) shoulder. It is
necessary to put yom left:
Photo 12 - "Squeezing the crop."
(righ t) ann rOlUId the enemy' s shoulders, seize his left (right) shoulder with
the left (right) hand, abruptly make a pull to you and immediately from you.
At that moment squeeze his gullet with the right (left) thumb and forefinger
and press on hi s Adam's apple Witil tile bent mi ddle fUlger. The enemy will
not be able to breaUle and become lUl conscions from suffocation soon, See
photo 12 - "Squeezing the crop."
Paragraph 2 JIAN JIA BO: Squeezing with
arms from the front.
As a rule, WU SHU masters seldom use such a technique as head
butts. However, when you are very close to the enemy or there are
evident flaws and faults in his actions, it is quite possible to strike at
him with a shoulder or the head.
The meUlod is employed if the enemy butts you with his head in Ule regi on of
Ul e chest or bies, after bending, to execute a glip of Ul e lower pru1 of your
body.
Explanations
B(A) butts at Ul e chest of A(B). A(B) moves his anns to sides a little, at Ule
same time he dodges to the left (right) and an enemy' s blow gets to Ul e void.
Then he quickl y steps forward, bends a little, tighUy grapples and squeezes
Ul e neck of Ul e attacking enemy with his right (left) ann. At that, it is
necessary to squeeze (block) al1elies Oil the left side of the enemy' s neck with
Ul e elbow bend and Ul e al1elies on tlle light side of his neck WiUl the fOreal111
of the same anu. Seize Ule wrist of your own right (left) rulU wi th Ule left
(right) hand. Strongly squeeze Ule enemy's neck, sb'aighten yom' back and
slightl y move your torso back.
36
As one can see from photo 13, B's shoulder is at the level of the solar
plexus of A. Therefore, if A actions are not resolutely enough or his
grip is not strong enough, B can deliver a blow at his solar plexus with
an abrupt movement of the shoulder. Besides, B can deliver an elbow
blow at A's left side. A possibility of these countermeasures should be
taken into account.
If arteries are squeezed in
such a way, a man can die
within tluee seconds. It is
necessary to exert an
effect on the point FAN
Y AN for reanimation but
it needs a cel1ain
qualification, tJl at's why it
is better not to bring to the
fatal outcome. If the
enemy attacks you with a
great drive and knocks
you down, never loosen
your grip. It is necessary
to grapple hi s torso with
your legs and pull from
Photo 13 - "Squeezing with arms from the fran!. "
you with force. squeezing hi s neck with anns tuttil he loses Iris ability to
resist. Photo 13 - "Squeezing with arms fr om the front. "
37
Paragraph 3 HOU JIA 80: Squeezing with
arms from behind.
This method can be used against an ordinary man who is not specially
trained. However, if opponents are equal in strength and skill, it is
difficult to succeed.
Tins method is used for anesting a dangerous criminal to prevent possible
resistance or in hand-ta-hand fighting when olle succeeds in getting behind
the back of tile enemy. Tins method results in "temporary death".
Expl anations
A(B) sees SeA) who is in a
sitting or standing position
and does not expect an attack.
It is necessary to appear
inconspicuously behind his
back, grapple his neck from
the front with the left (right)
ann and pull back (toward
oneself),
.
f alSe immediately
the right (left) ann bent in
elbow, seize finuiy by the
li ght (left) bi ceps Witll the left
(right) hand, press tJle right
(left) palm to the enemy's
back of the head in the region
of tl1e point TlAN GU and
press fonvard witll force. The
Photo 14 - "Squeezing with arms from
behind. "
38
left (right) ann must be bent in elbow with force, it will cut off the neck
at1eries, blood flow will stop there atid the man will die in three seconds.
Therefore, before using this method, the tecimique of effecting the point FAN
YANG must be acquired well, it is possible to reanimate a man and save him
frOIl1 deatli onl y by effecting tliat point. Photo 14 - "Squeez ing with arms
fro m behind."
Paragraph 4 QIANG SUO HOU: Pinching
(blocking) the throat from the front.
It is necessary to pay attention to the following: this method should be
used either in case when the enemy does not expect an attack or
when the detention is carried out by a group of several men and during
hand-fo-hand fighting they succeeded in knocking the criminal down to
the ground.
Tlris method is used when in tlte course of hand-to-hatid fighting you
succeeded in toppling tlte enemy or when he is ilritially in a sitting or lying
position and does not expect atl attack.
Expl anations
A and B at·e engaged in hand-to-hand fighting and in the course of it SeA) fell
down on tlte grolUld . A(B) must quickly spring down to tlte fallen enemy,
squeeze lrim witlt tlrighs from sides in tlte region of tlte waist, weigh down on
hi s neck from above Witll Iris left or light foreann and press hi s head to tlle
ground.
39
Photo 15 - "Pinching (blocking) the throat from the front."
At that moment it is necessary to thmst your right (left) hand into the lapel of
the enemy ' s clothes and seize Ole right (left) side of his collar, in a similar
way - Ol e left side of his collar WiOl your left hand. It is imp0l1rult Ul at bOUl
hands shoul d finnly seize Ule enemy's collar crosswi se. Ulen it is necess,uy to
pull to the left and ri ght with force . SeA) will die within Ulfee seconds. It is
necessary to exert an effect on Ule point FAN YANG for reanimation. DUling
practice sessions it is necessary to execute tlus method very carefillly, without
any effort . Photo 15- "Pinching (blocking) the throat fr om the fr ont. "
40
Paragraph 5 HOU SUO HOU: Pinching
(blocking) the throat from behind.
Conditions of the employment of this method is similar to the previous
one: either in case when a criminal does not expect an attack or in
case when the detention is carried out by a group of several men and
during hand-la-hand fighting they succeeded in toppling the criminal
down to the ground.
Tins method is used eitller in a right moment of a hand-ta-hand struggle or if
initially the enemy is in a sitting position and does not expect an attack.
Explanations
SeA) sits on the grolUld
or is engaged in hand-
to-hand fi ghting WiUl
A(B). Choosing a right
moment, A(8) must get
to the right (left) side of
B(A), tim.st Ius left
(right) hand into the
lapel of the enemy's
clothes with a quick
movement and catch the
left (right) side of his
coll ar. The left (right)
hand must tlUllst into
the lapel of Ul e enemy' s
cloUles witil Ul e palm in

,

Photo 16 - " Pinching the throat from behind."
position "outside" and seize the collar from "inside". Then immediately the
41
right (left) hand with tlle palm down must push through under your own left
(right) ann and seize tlle enemy by his clothes in the region of tlle shoulder
near tlle neck, a littl e bit closer to tlle shoulder-blade. It hl1llS out to be a
cross-wise ann grip. Make one step to tlle left (right) and move to get behind
Ut e back of tile enemy. Pull witil both anus to opposite sides, tite left hand
being hmled witil tile palm "inside" (toward tile enemy) and tile breast being
stuck out forward. In titat position tlle left (right) side of tile enemy's collar
cuts off (blocks) tile arteries on the left (right) side of his neck and Ule side of
the right (left) foreann Witil a spot located 2 or 3 CUNs23 above Ule wrist cuts
off (blocks) the arteries on the right (left) side of his neck. It results in loss of
tlle ability to resist and death of the enemy. It is necessary to exert an effect
on the point FAN YANG for reanimation. TIllS method must not be used with
force during practice sessions. It is necessalY to be especially carefitl if your
partner suffers from pulmonary diseases. Photo 16 - "Pinching the throat
fr om behind."
Editor's notes:
23
6.6 _ 9.9 em.
Paragraph 6 BIE SHOU FENG HOU: Blocking
an arm and pinching the throat.
This method is aimed at blocking blood vessels that feed the brain.
Therefore, it must not be used without good reason.
The method is used when a criminal is anested to avoid noise or possible
resistance. In such a state the criminal can be brought to a required place and
reanimated there. The duration of ''temporalY death" must not exceed two
hours.
Explanations
A(B), selzlIlg all
opportlmity, catches
B(A) for Ule left side of
his collar with the right
(left) hand with Ule
thlUn b tlmlstillg behind
the lapel of the collar and
[om other fingers
squeezing the collar from
outside. After catching
the collar, it is necessary
to get immediately to
som e place behind the
back of the enemy. 01111St
your left (right) hand
under his left (right)
,
Photo 17 - "Blocking an arm and pinching the
throat. "
ann pit, raise your hand up, lean against the enemy's neck with a side of the
43
foreann near the wrist and press with the elbow up with force. Those actions
will result i.n raising the left (right) ann ofB(A) above the left (right) shoulder
of A(B). In tilal position tile righl (left) hand of A(8) p l ~ I s by Ul e collar back
(toward itself) , because of it Ul e left (right) side of tile enemy's collar pinches
tile ruiery on tile left (right) side of hi s neck. At the same time the left (right)
ann of A(B) presses forward and downward and blocks tile right alielY witil
tile side of tile palm. The enemy becomes unconscious within tiuee seconds as
a consequence of tile disorder of blood circulation in his brain. For
reanimati on the point FAN YANG must be effected. It is necessary to acquire
well tile reanimating technique, othenvise it is not recommended to drive the
sihlation to a loss of consciousness. Photo 17 - "Blocking an arm and
pinching the throat. "
Paragraph 7 LE JING DUAN 81: Squeezing
the neck and breaking an arm.
Tins metilod is used if in the course of hand-to-hand fighting the enemy fell
down to tile ground. Two variants of executing the method are possible. In the
first case tlle neck of Ule enemy is squeezed, tilat leads to loss of
consciousness and death. In tlle second case pressure is exerted on tile ann ,
tilat leads to its frachlre .
ExplanatIons
Let ' s assume tilat in tlte course of hand-to-hand fighting SeA) fall s down to
tlle grolUld witi} his face down (it is of no impOliance if he did it on purpose
or tile fall was caused by enemy's actions) .
44
Photo 18 - "Squeezing the neck and breaking an arm. "
WiUlOut delay A(B) must I1tsh to him from above and to press his head to the
ground WiUl Ule breast, Uuu st Ule left (right) ann wIder Ule ann pit of the left
(right) ann ofUle enemy from below, press WiUl the foreann up, move the left
(right) hand to Ule right and forward above the left (right) shoulder of Ule
enemy and seize Ule light (left) part of his collar. As a result of UlOse actions
Ule left (right) ann ofB(A) becomes blocked WiUl Ul e left (right) ann of A(B).
COnClUTently with those actions the light (left) hand of A(B) seizes Ule left
(right) part of Ule enemy collar from the front. After the enemy collar is
fmnly seized cross-wi se it is necessary to pull to the right (left) and back WiUl
force and at Ule same time roll (hIm over) to Ul e right (left) WiUl Ul e face up.
At Ulat press the tight (left) ann of Ule enemy to Ule grOlllld WiUl your right
(left) leg and press on the left. (right) elbow of the enemy from below wiUl
your left. (right) Uugh. In Ulat position B(A) can not free lumself: ifhe bies to
hUll to Ule left. (right), the collar squeezes Ius neck, Ulat will lead to asphyxia
and Ule stoppage of blood circulation; if he bies to hIm to Ul e light (left), hi s
elbow joint, being in a critical position, will certainly fracture . In Ul at position
it will be enough for A(B) to make a slight effort and the left (right) elbow of
SeA) will be rractmed. Photo 18 - "Squeezing the neck and breaking an
arm."
Paragraph 8 JIAO JING: Grappling the neck
obliquely.
The meUlOd is used if during hand-to-hand fi ghting enemies fall down to the
ground or ifsince the start the enemy is in a sitting or lying position.
Photo 19· "Grappling the neck obliquely."
Explanations
In Ule cow'se of a combat SeA) fall s fl at on his back. A(S) instantly mshes to
his left (light) side, puts left (light) ann round the enemy's neck, at tlle same
46
time pushes the enemy' s left (right) ann with the right Oeft) ann and draws it
aside and upward, tlmlsting head under tile enemy' s shoulder. As a result of it
tile left (right) ann of tile enemy will he finlll y squeezed (fixed) between tile
left (light) shoulder of A(B) and his head. Then it is necessary to seize firmly
tile wli st of tile left (right) ann Wi tJI tile light Oeft) hand and squeeze tJle
enemy WitJl force. During tJlOse actions the left (right) leg is bent, tJle light
Oeft) leg is straightened to a side and tJl e foot is planted finnly to maintain
stability. In tJlat position the left shoulder of A(B) pinches the left artely on
tJle enemy's neck and the lower part of his right foreann near the wrist
pinches the right artely. Within three seconds breathing and blood circulation
of B(A) stop. For reanimation the point FAN YANG must be effected. Photo
19 - "Grappling the neck obliquely."
47
Part III
JIAN BU NA FA
houlder rips
48
Paragraph 1 DAD 81 XIE JIAN: Pressing an
arm, dislocating a shoulder.
The sketch shows the direction of pressure on the wrist during an
initial phase of the method. As a result of it the enemy will be forced to
fall dawn to the ground.
The method is used to an-est a criminal and allows to avoid possible
resistance.
I. ..
Photo 20 - " Pressing an arm, dislocating a shoulder."
49
Explanations
SCA) walks and does not expect an attack, A(B) wal ks toward him. Anll s of
both Ill en are down as it is usual done dUling a walk. ACB), after coming up to
SCA), instantly seiztu"e hi s left: Clight) hand with Ute left: Clight) hand. It is
necessalY to seize from behind in order Ute Ununb to be on Ute back of the
hand and oUter four fingers on Ule side of the pahn. After seizing finuly Ule
enemy's hand one must raise it abmpUy up and to a side. Immediately Ule
light (left) anu helps Ule left (right) one seizing the enemy's hand in Ule same
maImer. As a result of it two thumbs press outward (from itself) aIld oUler
fingers ulWaI·d Cto itself) . At Ule same time it is neceSSaI)' to press on the
enemy's haIld downward and forward so that his wlist would be bent. Pull the
enemy to you, Ul en abmptly push him forward and downward and he is bound
to fall dawn. Yotu" right (left) foot steps on Ul e left (right) shoulder of Ule
enemy, Ul at will make him press his whole body to the grolUld. Aft er Utat
bling Ule held anll of Ute enemy behind his back wiUt bOUI anll S, move Ut e
light (left) foot to a li ttle lower and press Ule upper part of Ul e enemy's ann to
Ul e ground and prop up his forearm WiUI Ul e front prui of yotu" shin. It is
necessary to b·ead down and fonvard stJongly and press fonvard WiUI yOUl"
shin. In Ulat position Ul e whole body of SCA), his anu s aIld legs are
immovable, but Ule an11S of A(8) are fi·ee, he can take a cord or a belt and tie
np Ul e enemy. If a necessity appears, for instance, under Ule tlueat of all attack
of accomplices, it is possible to move a leg forward abmpUy aIld a dislocati on
of the shoulder will OCCUl". Photo 20 - "Pressing an arm, dislocating a
shoulder. "
50
Paragraph 2 KOU ZHOU: Pressing on an
elbow.
It should be pOinted out that a kick at a knee is more effective than that
one at a pelvic bone and it is more difficult to ward it off. In any case
coordinated actions of arms and legs need a good degree of training,
otherwise one can not overwhelm one's enemy.
TIns method is employed if the enemy seized you by your clothes in the
shoulder region.
Explanations
B(A) seizes A(B) by
hi s clothes

11\ tile
region of Ute light
(left) shoulder with Ul e
left (right) hand. A(B)
immediately covers
the upper part of the
enemy's foreann with
bOUl hands, the fingers
of his hands being
crossed. A(B) pulls
the an n of tile enemy
to him with COn ClUTent
downward pressw"e so
Utat the enemy could
not tU111 and slip out.
Photo 21 - " Pressing on an elbow. "
Simultaneously he presses on the left (right) pelvic bone of the enemy with
51
the sole of the right (left) foot. A coordinated eff0l1 of anns and a leg will
lead to a fracture of the elbow. Photo 21 - " Pressing on an elbow."
Paragraph 3 ZHUA JIAN: Gripping by a
shoulder.
This method can be successfully used against ordinary people who did
not go through special training. As a result a fracture of a wrist or an
elbow is possible. However, it is easier to succeed in fracturing an
elbow.
Th.i s metJlod is used if tJl e enemy, as in the previous case, seized you by your
clotJles i.n the sh.oulder region.
Explanations
8eA) seized A(8) by tJle clothes in the region of tJle right (left) shoulder WitJl
left (right) hand. A(B) instantly covers the hand of tJle enemy WitJl his left
(right) hand and finnl y presses it to his shoulder. It is necessary to finn ly
press tJle seized hand of tJle enemy, make a step back to have his ann
straightened and immediately make a step fOlward and to tJle left to tum the
held ann witJl its elbow outside. At that moment one must continue to execute
tJle metJlOd as described below. Photo 22 : the first phase of the method
"Gripping by a should er."
I
• •


Photo 22 - " Gripping by a shoulder", first phase.
Continuation
ACB) makes a step with the light (left) leg to the left (right), his right (left)
shoulder and the whole torso hUllS to the left (right). It is necessalY to use
"twisting" force of the waist. Simultaneously his right (left) ann moves back,
tIlen rises up from below and from above presses down OIl the held ann of the
enemy a little higher than the elbow. During a tum of the torso to the left
(right) the held hand of the enemy must be finn ly pressed to the shoul der so
that he feels some pain in the wrist. As a consequence of those actions 8 CA)
will be forced to kneel down on the right (left) knee and lean on the ground
with the right (left) ann. In Utat position BCA) loses the ability to resist. If
pressed strongly, a frachue of the wrist will OCClU. Photo 23: The second
phase of th e method "Grippin g by a shoulder. n
53
Photo 23 - " Gripping by a shoulder" , second phase.
Paragraph 4 BAU ZHOU: Squeezing an
elbow.
We repeat once agam that one needs expeflence, exactness of
movements, and force to get success, without them the best method
will yield no result.
TIti s tecJutique is used if the co\U' se of executing the previous meUwd
"Gripping a shoulder" Ute enemy tries to slip out and free himself from a
.
gnp.
Photo 24 - "Squeezing an elbow."
Explanations
In the comse of executing the previous method (paragrapb 3, "Gripping by
a shoulder") A(B) hmlS his torso to the left, hying to straighten the held ann
of the enemy and hIm it so that the elbow will be outside. However, B(A)
prevents him from doing so and follows A(B) on a circle in the same
direction. In that case A(B) must instantly proceed to the tecJuuql1e "Pressing
with a h1111" without losing conh'o} over the left (right) ann of the enemy, For
tltat it is necessary to make a step WitJI tJIe right (left) leg forward and 1I0t
allow the enemy to increase di stance, tiU1lSt tile light (left) hand lUlder tJIe
annpit of tile left (right) ann of tile enemy and seize him by the shoulder from
behind, sb·etch the left (right) ann forward past the left (right) cheek of the
enemy, bend the wrist and "catch" his neck with the hand in the shape of a
hook from the rear. Both anns press down as shang as possible to make the
enemy bend forward and lean on tile ground with tile right (left) hand, his left
(right) ann being raised up and being "supported" witll your right (left)
shoulder. At tltat moment it is necessalY to bend tile light (left) ann in elbow
at a right angle and press witll tile foreann in tile region of the crook of tile
ann all the left (right) ann of the enemy. It is necessary to press all tile bone
of upper ann near tile elbow. Concurrently squeeze the wrist of your right
(left) ann with the left (right) hand, pull to you with force and straighten your
back. A frachrre of the enemy's ann will occur. Photo 24 - "Squeez ing an
elbow. n
Paragraph 5 BIE CHI: Holding by wings.
From paragraph 3 throughout paragraph 5 it is necessary to exercise
with a sparring partner. Particular movements must be mastered well,
then they should be executed in succession as a single technique.
Only in that way skills of jOining-, and
can be developed.
As in the previous case, tillS teclmique is used if tile course of executing tile
above metilOd "Gri pping by a shoulder" tile enemy tries to slip out and fi:ee
himself from a grip.
Explanations
B(A) seized A(B) by tile left (right) shoulder witil his right Oeft) hand. A(B)
started to use the method ZHUA HAN (par agr aph J, "Gri pping by a
shoulder" ) with the aim to seize the enemy but B(A) perceived his intentions
in time and tries to slip
out . In that case A(B)
must instantly tlll1lst
his left (right) hand
under an enem y 's
ann pit to some place
behind tlle back of the
enemy. It is necessary
to stretch forward tlle
right (left) ann tllat
squeezed the right
(left) hand of tl,e
enemy before, behind
Ius back. above his
right (left) shoulder
near Ule neck, j oin Ul e
palms by placing one
on another and press
on the shoulder of Ule
enemy with force. As a
Photo 25 - " Holding by wings", first phase.
result of it the enemy will be forced to bend forward and Iris right (left) ann
will be above your left (right) shoulder. You must press down with both anns
and toward you, raise yom left (li ght) shoulder up, move the whole torso
forward. As a consequence the enemy' s head will bend toward Ius legs and
Iris poshrre will resemble rifl es in a rack. In Ulat case it is i.mportant not to
give Ule enemy a chance to make a somersault. If an abmpt force is appli ed. a
di slocation of Ule shoulder j oint will occur. Photo 25: the fir st phase of the
method " Holding by wings."
57
Continuation
If SeA) has a supple
body, the effect may not
be got. In that case A(S)
must bend further
forwald, seize the left
(right) shoulder of tJle
enemy witJl botJl hands
and pull to himself,
concurrently press WitJl
his left (right) shoulder
forwal d. In tJlat case a
dislocation of tile
enemy' s right Oeft)
shoulder will certainly
OCClU". If he continues
pulling to himself wi tit
botJl anus, a dislocation
of tJle second shoulder
of the enemy will also
Photo 26 - " Holding by wings", second phase.
occur. Photo 26: the second phase of the method "Holding by wings!'
58
Paragraph 6 JIA BI TUO JIAN: Squeezing
arms, dislocating shoulders.
Till s method is used iftlle enemy is in a lying or sitting position.
Expl anations
A(8), taking advantage that SeA) sits or lies, lUshes toward him from above,
kneels down, squeezes him OIl sides with the knees and the shins and does not
give him a chance to tum over. It UlnlS out that SeA) lies on his b a c ~ as a nile
in that position he tries to shi.ke with anIlS or seize the attacking man by the
throat. Using it, A(B) seizes tJle anns of the enemy Wi tll his hands crosswise
(enemy's right ann with his right hand, the left ann with his left hand) and
presses them to the ground beyond the enemy's head. Then ACB) leans
fOlward and jwups over the head of the enemy with a support on his runl s and
a hUll by 180 degrees. His anll S remain at the same place, only his torso
changes its position.
Photo 27: " Squeezing arms, dislocating shoulders. "
"
It is necessary to squeeze upper palis of the anns of the enemy on sides with
knees after landing, rai se the enemy's head a little and press inward with the
knees. The shoulder-blades of B(A) will converge and a dislocation of both
shoulder joints will occur. Photo 27: "Squeezing arms, dislocating
shoulders. "
60
Part IV
XIOUNG LEI BEl BU NA FA
Countermeasures
against grips from the
front, flanks and the rear
.,.,
61
Paragraph 1 HOU TUO ZHOU: Propping up
an elbow from the rear.
The method of freeing oneself from a grip on the collar from the rear is
almost completely identical to the above described method of freeing
oneself from a grip on the hair from the rear. See p art 1, paragraph 3.
TIllS method is used iftlle enemy seized you by the collar from the rear .
Expl anations
A(8 ) is going or standing, 8 (A) imperceptibly approaches him from behind
and seizes with the right (left) hand by tile collar. A(B), without tuming
fOlmd, covers the hand of the enemy tllat seized his collar with his right (left)
hand and finn ly squeezes it in the region of the Wll St. Then it is necessary to
step with the light (left) leg forward immediately, concurrently bending the
upper part of the torso a little forward .

Photo 28 - "Propping up an elbow from the rear", first phase.
That is the first, preparatOly, phase of the metilOd. Photo 28: the fir st phase
of the method " Propping up an elbow from the rear."
Continuation
After A(B) has seized
the enemy's hand that
holds him by tile collar
with his right (left)
hand he must hun to
the left (right) and get
to the right flank of
BCA), immediately
propping up the elbow
of the held ann of the
enemy from below
wiU} left (right) palm
and pushing it up. At
Ule same time he must
slightly squat by
bending legs in knees a
little bit, tirrow his
Photo 29 - " Propping up an elbow from the rear",
second phase.
head back, Ule right (left) hand Ul at squeezes tile wrist of the enemy near the
collar moves together wiUl tile body. All movements must be done fast and in
a coordinated mrumer, in Ulat case a frachue of Ule elbow joint of Ule enemy
is inevitable. Photo 29: the second phase of the method "Propping up an
elbow from the rear."
63
Paragraph 2 BO ZHOU: Pressing on an
elbow.
TIti s metJlOd is used if the enemy, as in Ut e previous case, seized you by the
collar from the rear.
Photo 30- " Pressing on an elbow. "
Expl anations
B(A), being behind the back of A(8 ), seized him by the collar with the right
(left) hand. With the right hand A(8 ) instantly covers and finnly squeezes the
hand of the enemy that holds his collar. Immediately aft er that ACB) steps
back and aside with the right (left) leg, his torso slightly hilllS to the left, the
left (right) amI quickly rises up and bends in elbow. then moves forward and
down. It is necessary to press on the elbow of Ule enemy's held anll from
above will} the left (right) foreanll , During tJ\Ose actions Ule light (left) hand
must finnly hold (fix) the enemy's hand near your collar and must not allow it
to slip out, the left (right) leg must be abruptly straightened to tile left and
backward right to the enemy's feet as if you trip him up. Here the
coordination of acti ons is necessalY: the body slightly leans fonvard and hUllS
to tile right Oeft), tile left (right) leg pushes back md to tile left (right). All
movements must be done quickly and in a coordinated malUler, never linger.
Photo 30: Ii Pressing on an elbow."
. Paragraph 3
ZHUANG SHEN DUAN WAN:
Turning the torso and fracturing a wrist.
The correct grip of an enemy's hand is the key point for controlling
over the whole arm of the enemy. If the method is executed correctly,
the shape of the enemy's arm corresponds to the following sketch:
(elbow)
(wrist)
-
~
(shoulder)
TIll s method is used if the enemy seizes you by yom collar from tile front.
65
Explanations
A and B are going
beside each oUler in
tlle same direction.
Suddenly B(A)
stretches hi s light
(left) and
.
ann seizes
B(A) by tlle collar
from the front. A(B)
instantl y covers tlle
hand of tlIe enemy
with his right (left)
hand and tlmlsts his
middle finger tmder
tlle enemy's palm.
COnCUlTently Ule left
(right) ann strikes an
abmpt blow from
above downward at
I

Photo 31 - " Turning the torso and fracturing a
wrist."
tlle point QU CHI U u ~ t is available on the inner side of Ul e bend of Ule elbow,
as a result of it Ul e ann of the enemy bends. It is necessary, not allowing the
enemy to straighten tlle ann , to swing immediately to tlle right (left) by 90
degrees. A fracture of the wlist will occur. Photo 31 : "Turning the torso
and fr act uring a wrist. "
66
Paragraph 4 WO TI: Lying hoof.
This method is used if the enemy seized you by the colfar not too
firmly. Otherwise, for a successful use of the method it is necessary to
have a high level of skill or considerably surpass the enemy in force.
TIlls method is used if the enemy seized you by the collar from the front.
Explanations
SeA) seized A(8 ) for the collar from the front with the right (left) hand. ACB)
covers the hand of the enemy with his right (left) hand and finnly presses
toward hitu, tlmlsting his middle finger lUlder the palm of the enemy.
Simultaneously ACB) presses on Ule held ann of the enemy, about one CUN
up the wrist, from below upward with hi s left (right) palm. BOUl elbows must
be finnly pressed to the torso and drawn together. Then it is necessary to
proceed to the second phase of the metllOd as described below. Photo 32: the
fi rst phase of the method "Lyin g hoof."
I
\..
,
#
-

,

Photo 32 - " Lying hoof', first phase.
67
Continuation
A(B) must abmptly move with the whole of his torso forward and
immediately shift back. It is done to disorganize the enemy and weaken hi s
resistance. ConculTently press on an enemy' s ann near the wrist to the right
(left) and down with the outer edge of the left (right) palm, i.e. from the side
of the little finger. so his hand will tum Wi tll the palm up and Ul e wrist will
bend. During tllOse acti ons it is necessmy to hIm the torso a little to tile right
(left) and then abruptly tilt it forward. Your foreanns and elbows must be
tightly pressed to tile torso so that anns and torso can move as a single whole.
It is necessary to use tlle weight of tlle whole body and "explosive" effort for
pressing forward and downward and tile enemy will have to bend down and
touch tile grOlUld with his free hand. At that instant you will hear a cracking of
tlle fractured wrist. Photo 33: the second phase of the method " Lying
hoof."
Photo 33 - " lying hoof', second phase.
68
Paragraph 5 CUI ZHOU: Fracturing an elbow.
Sometimes this method is called 'A boatsman punts the boat.' If the
man in black clothes (see photo 34) draws his left leg back, his posture
will/ook like it is shown here:
In that case a destructive effect
from the force acting on the
enemy's elbow w;U be substantially greater.
The method is used if the enemy seized you by tile collar from the front.
Explanations
S(A). being in front of
A(B). seizes him by
the coll ar with tJ1e
right (left) hand. A(B)
instantl y covers the
hand of B(A) with his
right (left) hand and
finn ly squeezes it. At
tllat moment A(B)
makes a push with his
breast fonvard and the
enemy insti nctively
tries to push him away.
At once A(B) foll ows
Photo 34· " Fracturi ng an elbow."
the direction of force appli ed by Ule enemy and moves a little back, as a result
of it the right (left) ann orthe enemy unbends in elbow. At that moment A(B)
abmptIy UmlS to tile right Oeft) by 90 degrees, at tIlat his left (right) aml rises
69
up and strikes a blow Wi tll tlle foreann at tlle enemy' s elbow from above
downward. At tlle moment of striking a blow at tlle elbow it is necessary to
tum the upper part of tlle torso a littl e to tlle right Oeft) and slightly tilt it
fonvard. If tlle enemy resists, a more radical variant can be chosen: to put tl le
left leg back, li ght by tlle feet of tlle enemy, exactly as in the metl lOd 8 0
ZHOU (see section 4, paragraph 2 "Pressing on an elbow"). In tllat case
the elbow will be certainly damaged. Photo 34: .. Fracturing an elbow."
Paragraph 6 DING WAN: Propping a wrist.
It is a good method but one must act very fast. One who wears the
black clothes must bend a little fO/ward, Schematically the arm of the
enemy must look so:
The method is used if tlle enemy
tries to seize you by the chest.
Explanations
B(A) su'etches tile right (l eft)
(wrist)
M[
(shoulder)
I
(elbow)
ann, he is going to seize A(B) by tlle clothes on the left side of the chest.
When tl le hand of B(A) is at the point of seizing A(B) but has not seized yet
(please pay attenti on to it - that is a key moment) A(B) seizes tlle enemy by
tlle ann a little up the elbow with his left (light) hand. Concurrently he
70
delivers an energetic
blow from above on the
wli st of SeA) with the
edge of his right (left)
palm, owing to it the
wlist bends, the hand
hmlS with the palm
up and the back side of
the palm props against
the left (right) side of
the chest of A(8). At
that instant the right
(left) hand of A(B)
seizes the ann of Ol e
enemy a little up Ole
elbow above his own
left hand. You must pull
to you with both al111 S,
Photo 35 - " Propping a wrist. "
tilt the upper part of torso and stick out the breast forwal·d. It is necessary to
press with force so the enemy will not be able to unbend the wrist. Photo 35:
.. Propping a wrist. "
71
Paragraph 7 JIE WAN: Picking up a wrist.
Here requirements to the execution of the method are similar to those
ones described in the previous paragraph.
the enemy must look so:
The method is used if the enemy, as
in the previous case, tries to seize
you by your clothes on the breast.
Expl anations
B(A) approaches A(B)
from the front and
stretches Ius light (left)
ann with the palm down,
intending to seize ACB)
by the d ollIes on Ul e
breast. When SeA) is on
the verge of seizing,
ACB) draws in hi s breast
and shifts a little back,
concurrently seizing the
light (left) ann of B(A) a
little up the elbow witil
his left (right) hand. At
that time the right (left)
ann of A(B) stIikes from
bel ow at the right (left)
\Vlist of SeA), Ulat causes
(wrist)
Schematicafly the arm of
-
(ShOUlderi A
(elbow) m
the wrist to bend down and prop against the breast of A(B). The blow must be
deli vered with the edge of the palm on the side of the tlnun b, tlle four fingers
must be straightened and closely pressed to each other. the tlnunb must stick.
aside. Following Ulat, A(B) immediately and finnly seizes the right Oeft) hand
of 8(A) WiUI Ius right Oeft) hand and pulls toward him wiUI force,
concurrently sticking out hi s breast. It is of no importance if tlle held ann is
bent in elbow or not. The most impOltant thing is to finnl y fix Ule wrist to
prevent the enemy from moving it up, down, or to sides. Photo 36: "Picking
up a wrist!'
Paragraph 8 FAN TUO ZHOU: Propping an
elbow inward.
At the initial stage (of this method) actions are completely similar to
those ones described in paragraph 3 of this section and shown in
photo 31 . The only dffference is that in this case the location of seizing
is further up.
Tlus method is used if the enemy seized you by your clothes on the breast
near the neck, right under your dun.
Explanations
B(A) approaches A(B) from Ul e front and seizes IUIll by the clothes on the
breast, near the neck. right under the chin, A(B) must instantly cover the hand
of the enemy wi lli tlle right Oeft) hand and COnC1Ul'entIy deliver a "chopping"
blow from above downward at the imler side of tIle elbow bend of tIle caught
ann of the enemy in tIle region of the point QU CHI with tIle left (right) hand.
73
Due to those actions
the ann of the enemy
bends and his torso
tilts fonvard. At that
moment A(B) starts
pressing on the
enemy' s elbow from
the left to the light
(from the light to the
left) with the left
(right) palm,
cOllcunently tuming to
the right (left) on the
left (light) foot. Aft er
tuming to the enemy
sideways, i .e. by 90
degrees, it is necessary
to tilt the upper part of
Photo 37: "Propping an elbow inward."
the torso a little back and make an energetic upward push from below with the
left (right) palm. A frachue of the elbow will occur. Photo 37: "Propping an
elbow inward."
74
Part V
YAO FU BU NA FA
Counteractions against
Grips on the Waist and
Stomach
~ .
Paragraph 1 QIAN PENG ZHOU: Pressing on
an elbow from the front.
As to technique this method is similar to the method CUI ZHOU -
' Fracturing an elbow' (See section 4, paragraph 5, photo 34). The
only difference is that in this case the location of seizing is lower.
Tins method is used if the eIlemy seized you by your waist belt or clothes in
the region of your waist.
Expl anations.
B(A) seizes A(B) by
the belt or clotJles on
the waist with the left
(right) hand, his ann
wiUt Ule palm down.
Witl, the left (right)
palm ACB) instantly
covers the hand of the
enemy which has
caught him by the belt
or clothes
.
1Il
region of the waist,
finnly squeezes and
presses it toward
himself and does not
allow the enemy to
remove arm.
Simultaneously it is
Photo 38 - " Pressing on the elbow from the front."
76
necessary to make a pull toward yourself with force, using the whole body, so
the ann of the enemy tmbends in elbow and then immediately make a big step
forward with tile right (left) leg, light by the enemy's feet so tilat your calf
muscle props against the shin of tile enemy. It is necessary to tilt low forward
in titat position, tile an11 of tile enemy caught by you being wtder your light
(left) annpit aJld its foreann being pressed to your chest libs. One lll USt press
down and forward on the elbow of the enemy with the li ght (left) elbow,
concurrently ttillung the upper paI1 of the torso a little to the left (right) . All
those movements must be executed velY fast, othenvi se it will not work.
Photo 38: " Pressing on the elbow from the fr ont. "
Paragraph 2 HOU PENG ZHOU: Pressing on
an elbow from the rear.
Tlus metilOd is used if the enemy, being belulld your back, seized you by the
waist belt or clothes in the region of Ul e waist.
Explanations
A(8) is going or standing, 8 (A) approaches from Ule rear and seizes him by
the belt or clothes in the region of the waist. A(8 ) instantly moves U\e right
(left) ann behind Ute back and finnly catches the hand of the enemy.
Immediately after tilat A(8 ) takes a stride forward witil tile light (left) leg aJld
pulls tile enemy aft er lulU with force. It is the first phase of the method
.. Pressing on an elbow from the rea r " I see photo 39.
77
Photo 39 - " Pressing on an elbow from the rear", first phase.
Continuation
A(8) t UlllS with his left (right) side to the enemy, raises left (right) ann , draws
it back and lowers it behind the held enemy's ann, closes fingers to each other
and thrusts the palm under the ann pit of tlle enemy from tlle side of the
enemy' s back toward the enemy' s breast, as a result of it the back side oftlle
left (right) palm of A(B) is pressed to the enemy's breast. At ti13t moment
A(B) moves his left (right) leg to tile left (right) to be placed in front of tile
right (left) leg of tile enemy and tilts his torso fonvard. In that position tile left
(right) ann presses on the elbow of tile enemy from above down, the head and
the upper part of tile torso being tumed a littie to tile light and back as if you
78
wish to hml round. The right (left) ann also pulls to the right and back with
force. Photo 40: the second phase of the method "Pres sing on an elbow
fr om the rear ".
;
Photo 40 - " Pressing on an elbow from the rear", second phase.
79
Paragraph 3 DING WAN: Propping a wrist.
TIll s method is used if the enemy seized YOli by the waist belt or clothes in the
region of the stomach from tile front.
Expl anations
B(A) approaches A(B)
from the front and seizes
by the belt with the right
(left) hand. A(B) strains
DAN TIAN and sticks
out the lower part of the
stom ach. concurrently
moving with tile whole
body a little forward and
immedi ately backward.
At that moment A(B)
seizes the right (left) ann
of the enemy a little up
the elbow with the left
(right) hand and
immediately moves
forward. Such
movements disorganize
the enemy and weaken Photo 41 - "Propping a wri st", fir st phase.
his glip. A(B) delivers an energeti c bl ow with the right (left) ann from above
downward and a littl e aside at the \VIi st oftlie enemy, it results in bending tile
wIist of the right (l eft) ann of 8 (A) . It is the fir st phase of the method
.. PrOPI}i ng a wrist ", see photo 41 .
80
Continuation
After the blow the
wlist of B(A) has bent,
tJ\e back side of Ius
hand is pressed to the
stomach of A(B).
Immediately tJle right
(left) hand of A(B)
seizes tJ1e ann of tJ1e
enemy a little up tJle
elbow and pulls to it,
supplementing actions
of the left arm.
Simultaneously ACB)
sti cks out the lower
part of tJ\e stomach
and presses forward.
The movements must
be strong and
coordinated. It is of no
importance if tJle ann
of the enemy is bent in
Photo 42 - "Propping a wrist", second phase.
elbow joint or not: he feels a severe pain in his wrist and loses his ability to
resist. Photo 42 : the second phase of the method "Propping a wrist ".
81
Paragraph 4 DUAN ZHOU: Raising an elbow.
TIlls method is used if tile enemy seized YOli by Ul e wai st belt, his hand with
the palm up.
Explanations
B(A) seized A(B) by
the belt with the right
(l eft) hand with the
palm up. A(B)
immediately tilts Ule
upper part of the torso
forward and draws
back his stomach and
pelvis, conculTently he
seizes an ann of the
enemy wiUt both hands
a little up Ul e elbow
and pulls to himself
with force and presses
downward with the
breast. As a
consequence of those
actions the enemy
bends forward. At that
moment A(B) sets his
Photo 43 - " Raising an elbow."
left (right) foot against the right (left) hip joint of the enemy and presses
forward and down with force, willie carrying on to pull to him with both
anns, and shi fts the upper part of the torso hack. Movements of torso, an11S
and leg must be coordinated, fas t and strong. A fr achlre of Ut e elbow joint will
OCC1ll' . Photo 43 : " Raising an elbow.
n
Paragraph 5 KUA ZHOU: Linking your arm
through enemy's arm.
During the execution of this method force must be applied with a j erk,
you must act fast and unexpectedly for the enemy, in that case you
can fracture his elbow. It is dangerous to be slow.
Tills metll0d is used if
the enemy seized you
by your waist bell, his
hand with the palm up.
Explanations
B(A) seized A(B) by the
waist belt, at that the
hand of SeA) is with the
palm up. With hi s right
(left) hand A(B)
instantly seizes the hand
of the enemy wltich has
caught him by the belt
and finuly holds it, not
allowing to get free .
ConclUTently it
.
IS
necessary to tilt tlle
upper part of the body
forward, move hack
your stom aeh and pull
toward you with force
as to straighten the held
,
Photo 44: " Linking your arm through enemy' s
arm."
ann of the enemy. At that moment you as if link your ann through the
enemy's ann: you press 0 11 his ann at a place a little up the elbow upward
83
from below with the imler side of the elbow bend. At that your right (left) ann
presses down, the upper pat1 of tJle body leans back, due to it tJle enemy is
forced to stand on tiptoe. then a frachlre of tile elbow joint will occur. Photo
44: "Linking your arm through enemy's arm."
Paragraph 6 LE WAN: Pressing on a wrist.
Tlris method is used if the enemy seized you by the waist belt, the hand is
with the palm up.
Explanations
SeA) Witil Iris palm up
is going to seize A(B)
by the waist belt or the
clollies in tlie region of
tJIe stomach. At tJIe
moment when tJle
enemy has already
stretched his ann and
is at the verge of
seizing you must seize
the enemy by atl ann
in tile region of tJle
elbow with your left
(right) hand atld pull
toward you.
ConcmrenUy you must
close up and straighten
fingers on the right
Photo 45: " Pressing on a wrist."
84
Oeft) palm, strike at the wrist of the enemy with the edge of the palm from
above down so that tile wrist is bent and pressed to your stomach.
Immediately you stick out your stomach, seize the ann of tile enemy above
your left (right) hand willI Ul e right Oeft) hand and pull WiUI both anns toward
you and down, concwnntly pushing forward Ul e lower part of Ul e stomach. A
frachue of Ule wri st will occur. Photo 45: "Pressing on a wrist. "
. Paragraph 7
DUAN YAO: Fracturing the
waist.
A possibiHty to carry out this method exists far from always, one must
have a good level of training and sufficient experience. Otherwise you
will fail.
This method is not independent one, a chance to use it must be prepared
through previous actions, oUl envise it is difficult to succeed. We kindly ask
those who exercise to pay attention to tlus fact.
Ex planations
A(B), carrying out some actions, knocks B(A) down. If the enemy falls down
on tlle right of you, it is llecessalY to put tlle right Uugh lUlder in order him to
fallon it with his waist, if on the left of YOll - tlle left tlugh, taking at tllat tlle
stance ofUJucom (QI LIN). At tile same time you place your left (right) hand
on the enemy' s chest and Ule right Oeft) hand on hi s pubis bone. If you
abntptly press down WiUl bOUl arlll S and raise Ul e left (light) leg a little uP. the
enemy's spi.ne will fracture . Photo 46: "Fracturing the waist. "
85
Photo 46: "Fracturing the wai st."
Paragraph 8 JIA YAO: Squeezing the waist.
It is necessary to have sufficient strength and have a good level of skill
for a successful use of this method. Untrained people will hardly be
able to do it.
86
TIris is a case when a man, as it seems, is in a losing position, uses it to Iris
advantage and WillS . If the enemy fiuiously ll.lshes at you and you have no
time to dodge, you feint falling down on the ground.
Explanations
8 CA) rapidly attacks A(8). ACB) realizes that he has no time to dodge the
attack and falls down his back carrying the enemy with him and raising Iris
legs to clasp the waist of the enemy. After falling on the back it is necessalY
to cross yom legs behind the back of the enemy immediately and to squeeze
his body from sides as strong as possible Witll your tlrighs and knees, that will
lead to a frachue of ribs and damage of the diaphragm. If your legs are short
and the waist of the enemy is tlrick, tlris metilOd is unacceptable. One should
not tllOughtiessly lise tlris metilOd, as it will be impossible to save tile man in
case of a serious damage of tile diapiuagm. Photo 47: "Squeezing the
wai st. "
Photo 47: "Squeezing the waist"
87
Part VI
BI WAN BU NA FA
rips at a Hand
and rist
88
Paragraph 1 XIAO CHAN SI - Small hank of
thread.
When a bobbin rotates, thread can be wound on it. That is the gist of
the method. Two types of arm movements can be distinguished in this
method: shuttfe movement and spiral-type wrist movement.
(wrist rotation)
(pull- {!t
it
/
TIti s metllOd is used if the enemy seized you by a wrist.
Explanations
A(8) intends to seize SeA) with the right (left) however, as soon as he
stretched his ann the eIlemy seized him by the wrist. In that case ACB) must
immediately cover the hand of the enemy that squeezes his wrist with the left
(right) hand and fillUly seize it, not allowing the enemy to free himself. At
that the thumb of the left (right) hand of ACB) is below and the other [om
fingers above. Furtller shuttle movement is made with the following purpose:
if YOH, for instance, make a push from yourself and the enemy applies force in
the opposite direction, you suddenl y stali pulling toward you and the force of
the enemy can be directed against himself. For tllat purpose it is necessary to
make an abmpt push fonvard witli ann s and immediately pull toward you,
moving alln s up and back to straighten the enemy' s ann in elbow bend
89
the enemy' s wrist down. It is th e fir st phase of the method "Small hank of
thread", see photo 48.
Photo 48 - "Small hank of thread", first phase.
Continua tion
A(8) pulls up and back (toward himsel f) , owi.ng to it the held ann of the
enemy straightens in elbow and its wrist bends. At that moment A(8) must
seize the ann of the enemy in a place one CUN (3.3 cm) up the wli st with the
light (left) hand from above, the tlnuub rings f0l1l1d the foreann fi:om one side
and tl1e other fingers from the otller side. At that, it is necessary to press to tlle
left (light) and down with the tip of tlle middle finger to bend the wrist of the
enemy aside so that he cannot tum it. A(8) must press down and pull toward
him Witll the anus and tlle enemy will be forced to kneel on one knee and
touch tlle grolUld with his free hand. In that position he feels vi olent pain in
tlle wli st and loses his ability to resist. Ifnecessruy. make a strong pull to you
and down, a fracture of Ule wri st will occur. It is the second phase of the
method "Small hank of thread", see photo 49.
90
Photo 49 - " Small hank of thread", second phase.
91
Paragraph 2 5HUANG CHAN 51 - Double
hank of thread.
TIti s method is used as a COlmtenu easure against Ul e ahove-described metJlOd,
i.e. when the enemy uses a connter-glip "Sm all hank of thr ead" against your
.
gnp.
Explanations
A(8 ) seized the ann of
SeA) by the wrist, but
8 eA) immediately
proceeded to
U,.
method "Small hank of
thread" and covered
Ut e hand of ACB) with
his palm. At that
moment when SeA)
did not apply
III axi m um effort yet,
A(8) must neutralize
the force applied by
the enemy to his wrist.
To do that, you should
raise the right Oeft)
elbow up to the level Photo 50 - " Double hank ofthread" , first phase.
of the shoulder or higher and raise Ul e left (right) arm with the palm toward
you vertically in front of Ule breast between the anus of the enemy. It is
necessary raise your caught anll and both (lnll S of Ule enemy with U1e upper
part of the left (light) an)} so Ulat you do not feel pain in the wri st of the
caught ann. It is the firs t Ilhase of the method " Double hank of thread",
see photo 50.
Continuation
A(B) covers tlte right
(left) hand of tlte
enemy with his left
(right) hand, finul y
.
tlte middle seIZes
finger or all fll1gers of
B(A) and pulls down
and toward him with
force, the left (right)
hand of A(B) being
tumed with the palm
inward. At Ule same
time Ule right Oeft)
alln of A(8) also
presses down, its
elbow must be kept at
Photo 51 - " Double hank of thread", second phase.
the level of the hand (the foreann is in the horizontal position). Both anns
must be finnly pressed to the breast of A(B) and must not pulled offUle breast
at any event. Then it is necessalY to stand tiptoe, step fonvard, tilt the upper
part of the body a little forward and bend knees a little, conculTentl y and
strongly pressing down with both anus. In t11at case the enemy will be forced
to kneel down and lose his ability to resist. If you press with Ule left (right)
ann strong enough, Ul e right Oeft) ann can be pulled off and one ann can hold
bOUl anl1s of Ut e enemy. P hoto 51 : the second phase of the method
.. Double hank of thread."
93
Paragraph 3 DA CHAN 51 - Big hank of
thread.
This method is essentially similar to the method ' Small hank of
thread', but it allows to apply greater force. Even if the enemy is
strong, his strength is compensated by lateralforce of your elbow.
Tins method is used when you encounter a physically strong ellemy and the
method XIAO CHAN SI ("Small hank of thread", paragraph 1) can be
ineffective against him.
Photo 52 - " Big hank of thread", first phase.
Explanations
A(B) stretched the light (left) ann with Ule intenti on to seize SeA), but SeA)
immedi ately seized A(B) by a wri st willl his right (left) hCUld, A(B) sizes the
opporttUlity and pulls the ri ght (left) ann toward himself, at the same time he
makes a step fonvard with the left (right) leg and puts his foot all the ground
94
in front of the right Qeft) foot of the enemy, a little closer to the central line.
While doing those actions, A(B) becomes hInted to the enemy with hi s left
(right) side. At that moment A(B) bends the left (right) ann and presses
upward from below on the caught ann of the enemy with the inner side of tJle
elbow bend. It is the first phase of the method " Big hank of thread",
photo 52 .
Photo 53 - " Big hank of thread", second phase.
The second phase of the method "Big hank of thread."
A(B), carrying on tJle metJlOd, raises up the bent left (right) ann and
simultaneously pulls to tJle right Qeft) and downward WitJl tJle right Qeft) ann
WitJlOut giving the enemy the chance to fr ee himself. Then A(B) covers from
above tJle right Qeft) hand of tlle enemy Wi tJl Ule left (right) hand and pulls
toward himself WitJl force Wi tJl bOtll (l1111S . It is the second phase of the
method "Big hank of thread", photo 53 .
95
Photo 54 - " Big hank of thread", third phase.
The third phase of the method "Big hank of thread."
Continuation. The force of the right (left) ann of A(B) is directed to him and
downward, conculTentIy he presses down with tIle left (right) foreallu,
however, the foreanu must be kept horizontally. The body tilts a little forward
and to the left as if you are going to hun back. As a result of tIlOse actions
B(A) will certainly kneel down. If great force is applied, a frachlre of tIle
wrist may occur, tIle enemy has no any chance to resist. It is the third phase
of the method " Big hank of thread" , photo 54.
96
Paragraph 4 QU ZHOU DUAN BI - Bending
an elbow and fracturing an arm.
Having mastered the method ' Big hank of thread" well, it will be easier
to acquire this method. Here the key to success also lies in elbow work
and a lateral force.
Method is used when the enemy delivers an an n blow downward from above.
Expl anations
A(8) and 8 (A) go in the same direction beside each other or they go toward
each other - in both cases actions of A(8) will be the same. SeA) suddenly
attacks, sbiking down from above at tile head, the collar-bone or the neck of
A(8 ). ACB) wards off the blow of the enemy with the left (right) fareanu and
simultaneously moves hi s left (right) leg fonvard. It is the first phase of the
method " Bending a n elbow and fra cturing an arm", photo 55,
Photo 55 - " Bending an elbow and fracturing an arm" , first phase.
97
The second phase of the method "Bending an elbow and fracturing an
arm."
A(B) makes a step
fonvard witll the light
(left) leg, bends Ule
light (left)

ann Ul
elbow and raises it on
the outer side of the
enemy's ann, then he
makes a strong jerk to
the right (left) and
toward himself.
Simultaneously A(B)
pushes away witll tlle
foreann of tlle left
(right) ann, hi s left
(right) fi st opens into
the palm whi ch seizes
the wrist of the right
(left) ann of the
Photo 56 - " Bending an elbow and fracturing an
arm", second phase.
enemy. As a result the right (left) ann of the enemy becomes bent in elbow
and can not slip off the grip. It is the second phase of the method " Bending
an elbow and fracturing an arm", photo 56.
98
The third phase of the method " Bending an elbow and fr acturing an
arm."
Finding himself in snch
a position, SeA) will
certainly by to free
himself or somehow
counterattack. But
whatever actions B(A)
will by to carry out, "
A(B) must instantly
lower hi s right (left)
hand and seize the right
(left) ann of the enemy
three CUNs (about 10
cm) up the wrist with
three fingers the
middle fi nger, tlle
fomth finger and tlle
little finger. It
.
1S
necessary to press
down with hands with
'.
,"
Photo 57 - " Bending an elbow and fracturing an
arm" , third phase.
force, concurrently raising up the right (left) elbow, due to it tlle enemy will
feel violent pain in the elbow joint and lose his ability to resist. If tlle pressure
is increased, a dislocation of tlle elbow j oint will occur. It is the third phase
of the method " Bending a n elbow and fra cturing an arm ", photo 57.
99
Paragraph 5 KUA LAN - Carrying a basket
by grappling it with an arm.
To use successfully this method, the key point is proper location of the
point QU CHI on the elbow bend of the enemy, only then his elbow will
be bent.
TIns method is used if the enemy tries to seize you by your clothes in the
region oftlle breast or for locking the ann orthe ellemy when he is arrested.
Explanations
B(A) tries to seize A(B) for the clothes with his right (left) hand. At the velY
last moment when SeA) has already stretched out his ann and is at Ule point
ofseizins. left (right) hand of A(B) with the palm up Illllst seize B(A) by the
hand \VitJl a quick movement. COllCllIl' ently A(B) seizes the right (left) ann of
Photo 58 - " Carrying a basket by grappling it with an arm", first phase.
100
the enemy in the region of the elbow bend with his right (left) hand, the
thumb grapples from above and four otller fingers from below. At tllat it is
necessary to press on tlle point QU CHI witll tlle ' 'Tiger 's jaws" (HU KOU) 24
and vigorously push to Ule left (right) witll the whole of the ann , It is the first
phase of the method "Carrying a basket by grappling it with an arm" ,
photo 58.
The second phase
When A(B) using force
presses the ann of the
enemy in the region of
the point QU CHI WitII
tile right (left) hand, tile
elbow of tile enemy will
certai nly bend. At that
moment A(B) bends his
left (right) ann and
presses witll tile right
(left) ann to Ule left
(right) and downward as
for the right (left) ann
of the enemy to be
under tile left (right)
ann pit of ACB). At that
moment ACB) puts his
left (right) ann fOlUld
tile an n of tile enemy
Photo 59 - " Carrying a basket by grappling it with
an arm", second phase.
and sb'ongly presses it toward hi s side, tlle wrist of tlle enemy being bent and
Editor's notes:
24 HU KOU: lit . " tiger' s jaws", space between the thumb and the forefinger.
101
fixed. In that position the more A(B) bends his ann the more the wrist of the
enemy bends. Ifboth opponents are of approximately equal strengUl, in such a
position B(A) completely loses his ability to resist. But if Ul e enemy is very
strong or his wrist is velY suppl e, it is necessary, whil e pressing strongly wiUl
Ul e left (right) ann as before, to tllmst the tlnull b of tlle right (left) hand tulder
Ule right (left) palm of the enemy and place four other fingers on Ul e back of
tlle palm. You must hllll WiUI tlle right (left) hand outward (from yourself)
and inward (toward yOlUself) with the left (right) hand. In that case tlle enemy
will not be able to resist and be forced to obey your orders. If Ule enemy
should be escorted, it will be easy to do: small effort will be enough to inflict
violent pain in his wrist, that will make him obey. However, if strong force is
applied, a frachrre of the wrist will occur. It is the second phase of the
method "Carrying a basket by grappling it with an arm ", photo 59.
Paragraph 6 FU HU - Binding a tiger.
Tins metllOd is used when a criminal is anested. To execute it, a hand of the
enemy must be caught.
Explanations.
A(B) and B(A) go toward each oUler. If B(A) has to be arrested, A(B) must
move a littl e to tlle left (right) and suddenly seize Ule right (left) hand ofB(A)
Witll Ule right (left) hand, the palm hlmed backward. At Ulat Ul e Ununb of
A(B) is placed on the back of tlle hand of tlle enemy and four otller fingers
press tllemselves to Ul e iJUler side of tlle hand right under tlle wrist. At the
same moment you II1Ust strongly squeeze Ule hand of tlle enemy and pull
toward yourself, Ule whole of Ul e body shifting a littl e back. It is the first
phase of the method " Binding a tiger". photo 60.
102
Photo 60 - " Binding a tiger", first phase.
The second phase
To continue the previous action, A(B) raises his right (left) ann up and to the
right (left) as for the caught ann of the enemy to be hUlled with the palm up.
Then A(B) sets against the back of the enemy's hand with his thmnbs and
squeezes the enemy' s palm with the other fingers near the wrist. Witil eight
fingers A(B) presses on tile enemy's wrist toward himself and down, witil
tinunbs presses from himself, shifts the whole of his body a little back. Then
A(B) immediately presses with tile anll S down to force tJle enemy to tilt
forward and lean the left (right) hand against tile ground, his right (left) knee
is about to touch tile ground. All movements Jllust be done fast and smoothly.
It is the second phase of the method "Binding a tiger ", photo 61 .
103
Photo 61· " Bindi ng a ti ger" , second phase.
The third phase
A(B) makes a strong and abrupt push forwm·d and down to the grOlmd. at the
same time he takes a big step fonvard with tile left (right) leg and lowers h.is
foot close to tile right (left) knee ofB(A). In this position tile upper pa11 of tile
right (left) ann of B(A), his sh. oulder and cheek cling close to the ground, hi s
right (left) leg is on tile knee, the left leg as if is slightly raised, the left (right)
ann sets against tile ground. The right (left) ann of B(A) is bent up, his
foreann is verti cal, tile palm faces tile ground. A(B) mnst stand, greatly tilting
fOlward, at tllat he must set his left (right) 100ee against a buttock of tile enemy
to prevent his somersault . It is the third phase of the method " Binding a
ti ger ", photo 62.
104
Photo 62· " Binding a tiger", third phase.
The fourth I)hase
A(B) slightly tums to the left (right), his left (right) knee sets against tile light
(left) buttock of tile enemy Witll force as before, his right leg steps forward
and treads on the upper paI1 of tlle right (left) ann of tlle enemy near the
shoulder. The left (light) knee of A(B) continues to press on the waist of B(A)
from the side of tlle back and his right (left) shin pushes the right (left)
foreann of tlle enemy forward. In tins position A(B) can free Ins aI1US. It is
necessary to press strongly Witll both legs so that tlle enemy will not be able
to move bOtll anus aIld legs. In tlns position tlle aIlll S of A(B) are absolutely
free . Ifhe has no cord with him, he can pull of the belt ofB(A) and bind him.
If necessary A(B) can make a strong push with tlle right (left) leg fonvard,
which will lead to dislocati on of shoulder and elbow joints of tlle enemy. It is
the fourth phase of the method "Binding a tiger" , photo 6J .
lOS
Photo 63 - "Binding a tiger", fourth phase.
Paragraph 7 GUN ZHOU - Somersault over
the elbow.
This method is quite tough, but its efficiency is significantly lower
without somersault, additionally there is a risK that the enemy will
manage to free himseif.
TIlls method is used when the enemy delivers a stJaight plUlch.
106
Explanations
SeA) attacks A(S) with a sb·aight right (left) punch. A(S) moves a little bit
back and slightly tUnIS tile upper pali of the torso to tile right (left) for tile
PlUIch to hit 'void". At tile same moment A(S) strongly clasps tile fi st of tile
enemy Witll his left (right) hand from above and witll his right (left) hand
from below tUl d pull s tile fi st towm·d him and to tile light. SeA) bies to jerk
his ann back and pulls it back to him. It is the first phase of the method
"Somersault over the elbow". photo 64.
,

Photo 64 - "Somersault over the elbow", first phase.
The second phase
At tile instant when B(A) starts pulling his caught ann to him A(B) foll ows
him and makes a push forward \Vi tll both anns, hi s right (left) leg takes a big
step forward and to tile left (right) in tile transverse direction and hUllS out on
tile right (left) of tile enemy's right (left) leg, as a consequence A(B) tums
Witll his back to tile enemy. In the coarse of those actions A(B) brings his
107
right Qeft) elbow over
the right Qeft) ann of
the enemy and presses
Ul e an n of tlle enemy
to h.i s side wIder tlle
ann pit with it. A(8 )
twists the wrist of the
enemy anti -clockwise
with both hands and
presses forward and
down with Ule anns.
As a consequence of it
tlle right (left) of B(A)
is in a U1Ulaturally bent
position, which makes
Photo 65 - " Somersault over the elbow" , second
phase.
him stoop the upper pal1 of the torso forward and to the right. In that positi on
8 (A) is deprived of the possibili ty to resist. It is the second phase of the
method "Somersault over the elbow", photo 65.
The third phase
Continuing the previous actions, A(8) bends down his head, presses his chin
to the breast, stoops fonvard and down and makes a somersault over the right
Qeft) shoulder, bringing his whole weight on the elbow joint of the enemy. If
the method was executed properl y, a frachue ofUle enemy's elbow joint will
occur. It is possible to exercise only the first and the second phases of the
metllOd during train.ing sessions witllOut proceeding to tlle tlurd one,
oUl erwise serious body damages can occur. It is the third phase of the
method "Somersault over the elbow", photo 66 .
lOS
Photo 66 - "Somersault over the elbow", third phase.
Paragraph 8 CHE CHI - Pulling by the wing.
The key point here is an impact on the wrist of the enemy and a
correct grip of his palm,
Tlris method is used if the enemy tries to seize you by your clothes in the
region of the breast.
Explanations
8 (A) approaching from the liont or a side intends to seize A(8) by the clothes
in the regi on of tlte breast with hi s light Oeft) hand. At tlte last moment when
8 (A) has ah'eady stretched hi s ann and is about to seize, A(B) must quickly
catch tlte sb'etched palm oftlte enemy with Jris left (light) hand witlt the palm
109
tumed outside. Simultaneously A(B) hooks the wrist of the caught ann of the
enemy WiUI Ule right Oeft) hooked wrist and makes a vigorous jerk back
(toward himself) so Ul at the wrist of the enemy will be bent and raised a little,
After Ul at it is necessal)' to proceed to tJl e below-described actions at once,
oUlerwise you yourself will be seized by tJle enemy. It is the first phase of
the method " Pulling by the wing" , photo 67.
Photo 67 - " Pulling by the wing" , first phase.
The second phase
Continuing Ule above-described actions, A(B) rotates Ule caught palm of Ule
enemy to Ule left (right) with tJle left (right) hand and presses down.
Simultaneollsly Wi Ul Ul e right (left) hand A(B) seizes Ule palm of Ule enemy
from the side of its Ununb, sets his Ummb against Ule back of Ule enemy's
palm and clasps with Ul e oUler fom fingers from Ul e side of Ule palm, Then
A(B) pulls toward him wiUI bOUl arms and presses down, shifting hi s whole
body a little back. As a consequence B(A) is forced to stoop forward with hi s
light Oeft) side, his right (left) ann being bent in elbow and wli st. If A(B)
lID
applies a vigorous effort, a fracture of tile enemy's ann will occur. It is the
second ph ase of the method " Pulling by th e wing", photo 68.
Photo 68 ~ " Pulling by the wing", second phase.
III
Paragraph 9 81 CHI - Tearing the wing.
TIll s method is used for a sudden 311'est of the enemy who is going toward
you.
Expl anations
A(8) sees 8(A) whom
he must arrest go
toward him. After
coming up to BeA)
A(8) takes a step to the
left (right) to be near the
right (left) side of the
enemy. At that moment
A(B) tums his right
(left) hand with the
pabll outside and seizes
the light (left) hand of
the enemy so that his
thumb sets against the
back of the enemy's
hand and four other
fmgers clasp the hand
from the umcr side near
the wrist. The grip must
be strong. It is the first
Photo 69 - "Tearing the wing", first phase.
phase of the method "Tearing the wing", photo 69.
II :2
The second phase
Continui ng the
previous actions, A(B)
raises the caught ann
of Ute enemy to Ut e
li ght (l eft) and upward
WiUI Ule right (left)
ann . At that A(B)
presses on the back of
the hand of the enemy
ouhvard (from
himself) with the
thumb of Ule right
hand and inward (to
himself) with the oUler
fom fingers so Utat Ut e
wrist will be bent up.
Immediately Ute left
(right) hand of A(8 )
Photo 70 - " Tearing the wing", second phase.
comes to help Ule right (left) hand and seizes the hand of the enemy in a
similar way: the tlnunb outside and the other fingers inside. A(B) with Iris
whole body moves back, hvists with both hands to the right (clockwise) WiUI
force and pulls back. Due to it B(A) is forced to stoop fonvard, he feels pain
in the wrist and loses Iris ability to resist. If A(B) makes a strong j erk, a
fracture of the wrist will occm. It is the second phase of the method
"Tearing the wing", photo 70.
11 3
The third phase
If 8 (A) is an experienced
opponent and he is supple
enough, he will try to slip
out from Ute grip. For that
8 (A) has to approach
A(8), bend Ule elbow of
his right (left) ann and
tum with Ule upper torso
to the left and backward to
try to catch ACE) with his
left (right) hand and
squeeze his throat. Having
a certain skill, 8 (A) can
succeed, Ulerefore A(B)
must not be slow in Ut at
sihlation. As soon as 8(A)
starts hUlllng, ACE) with Photo 71 - " Tearing the wing", third phase.
the right (left) ann must make a strong pull of the held ann of the enemy up
along Ule enemy' s back, seize the right or left shoulder ofUle enemy with the
left (right) hand and press down with force . Those actions will force tlle
enemy to stop his maneuver and deprive him of tlle ability to resist. If A(8 )
energetically applies force, a dislocation of tlle shoulder joint of B(A) will
OCCllI". It is the third phase of the method "Tearing th e wing", photo 71 .
114
Paragraph 10 KANG ZHOU- Carrying an
elbow on the shoulder.
When you use this method, you should take into account the
difference in stature.
Tills method is used when the enemy approaches fi-om the front and delivers a
straight blow at your head.
Explanations
8eA) approaches A(B) from
the front and delivers a
straight PlUl Ch with the right
(left) fi st. A(8) slightly
moves his head to Ute left
(right) and COnCW1"ently
clasps the enemy' s fi st with
the light (left) hand from
above and the left (right)
hand fi-om below, fingers of
bOUl hands of A(8 ) being
hlnled to the right (left). At
the same moment A(8)
pulls the caught ann of Ule
enemy toward himself,
simultaneously h1111S hack
over Ute right (left) shoulder
to 180 degrees so Ul a! the
Photo 72 • "Carrying an elbow on the
shoulder."
light (left) ann of the enemy tUlllS out lying all the left (right) shoulder of A
115
(B). A(B) pulls the held ann of B(A) down with both anns and pushes up
with the shoulder, at that the body of A(E) moves a little bit fonvard. As a
conseqnence B(A) has to straighten his back and tiptoe, at that he completely
loses his abili ty to resist. If A(E) applies an energetic effort, a fractlU"e oftlle
elbow joint oftlle enemy will occur. Photo 72 - "Carrying an elbow on the
s houlder ...
Paragraph 11 JUAN QUAN - Wringing a fist.
The gist of this method lies in quickness of response and coordination
of actions.
Thi s method is used when tl le enemy approaches you frol11 tlle front and
pWlches froll1 below upward.
Explanations
B(A) approaches A(8) from tlle front and punches at tlle enemy's stomach
from below upward Witll his right (left) fi st
25
. A(B) must instantly move tlle
torso to tlle left (right) and squeeze the fist of the enemy Witll bOtll hands, the
tlmmbs of A(B) must be on the back side of the fi st and eight otller fingers
squeeze tlle imler side oftlle enemy's wrist. A(E) rotates tlle fist oftlle enemy
to tlle left (right) side, hy ing to tum it to 180 degrees. Simultaneously A(E)
presses down Witll tlle hands and moves back witll tlle whole body, all tlle
actions must be done fast and Witll force. As a consequence B(A) will fall 0 11
his knees and tlle wli st of hi s light (left) ann will be broken. Photo 73 -
"Wringing a fist. n
Editor's notes:
25 This blow corresponds to the uppercut in the British boxing.
116
Photo 73 - "Wringing a fist. "
Paragraph 12 LUO WAN - Clutching a wrist.
Here is the matter not only in skill and force: it is necessary to know
exactly the location of acupuncture pOints.
The gist of this method is an impact on acupunchue points whi ch cause
Ilmnbing. They are twin points located a little lip the elbow, on the lateral
slUfaces oftlle ann, one CUN (3.33 cm) frOIl1 the point QU CHI. The metJlOd
is used if a criminal must be detained.
117
Explanations
A(S) seizes the left hand of SeA) Witil tile left (right) hand. You must seize
finnly, at that your tl nunb must be on tlle side of enemy's palm, the oUler
fingers must clasp the back side of tile enemy's hand. A(S) presses
concurrently witll the tllUm b and tile midcUe finger of Ule right Oeft) hand on
Ul e upper and lower "points of nlUJl bing" on Ule left (light) ann of Ule enemy
respectively. It is necessary to press as strong as possible and pull toward
yourself so that Ule enemy will feel numbing and weakness in the whole body.
It is tbe first pbase of the method "Clutching a wrist " , photo 74.
Photo 74 - "Clutching a wrist", first phase.
The second phase
SeA) will certainly try to j erk back tJle ann, he will by to raise the elbow up
and free himself. A(S) immediately uses it for his pw-poses: he makes a
strong push forward and up witJl Ius left (light) ann to bend Ule enemy' s amI
in elbow and then pulls toward himself to bend down the wlist oftJle enemy.
118
Photo 75· " Clutching a wrist", second phase.
At tlte same time ACB) pushes tl te enemy' s elbow fi·om himself wi tlt tlte right
(left) ann . It is necessary to act fast and witlt force, in tltat case a fracttu"e of
tlte enemy's wrist will occur. It is the second phase of the method
"Clutching a wrist ", photo 75.
119
Paragraph 13 JIA SHAN - Squeezing with
the armpit.
Here the most important thing is quickness of response and skilful
movements, the stature and strength of the enemy are of no great
significance at that.
TIns method is used when the enemy attacks you with a straight PIUlCh from
the front in the region of the breast.
Explanations
SeA) resolutely attacks
and plUl ches with the left
(right) fi st in Ul e region of
tlle breast of A(8). A(8)
revolves the upper torso a
little to the left, at that he
seizes tlle fi st of the
enemy near the wrist with
left (right) hand from
below (with the palm up
and the thumb outward).
While continuing to hlffi
to the left, ACB) tulllS the
caught ann of the enemy
with the palm upward,
brings right (left) ann
over the left (right) ann of
the enem y and squeezes \,.;;;;.----,..;
Photo 76 - "Squeezing with the armpit."
120
the upper part of the enemy's ann under his annpit. Then A(B) presses with
his right Oeft) foreann on Ule enemy' s ann at Ul e place of about hvo CUNs
(6.66 em) up the elbow upward from below and presses down with left (right)
anu. As a result a fracture of Ul e elbow occurs. Photo 76 - "Squeez ing with
the armpit. "
Paragraph 14 KOU QUAN - Covering a fist.
TIns meUlOd is used when Ule enemy has seized you by your sleeve.
Photo 77 - " Covering a fist. "
121
Explanations
B(A) seized A(B) by O,e right (left) sleeve \ViO, O, e left (right) hand. A(B)
immedi ately raises Ill s right (l eft) hand up and clasps the enemy's arm 1 CUN
(3.33 cm) up the wrist £i'om above, at that the thumb clasps from the left
(right), four otller fingers £i'om tlte right (left) . After squeezing tlte ann oftlle
enemy A(B) immediately pull s back and at the same time seizes the left
(right) hand of tl1e enemy on its back Witll tlle left (right) hand from below,
pushes fonvard and up, he himself hllllS a little to tlle left (right) at tllat. Witll
a strong jerk ofbotll ann s tlle wrist of the enemy will be fractured. Photo 77 -
"Covering a fi st. "
Paragraph 15 CHENG ZHOU DUAN WAN -
Propping up an elbow and fracture a wrist.
The methods mentioned in paragraphs 15 and 16 can be successfully
used only by a well-trained combatant as one should be able to take
an advantageous position to execute them but it needs some
expenence.
Tills metllOd is used when if in tlle course of a fight bOtll of combatants have
fall en on the ground.
Expl anations
In the course of a fi ght B(A) fall s down on tlte grOlUld, A(B) lUUSt fall
together witll him as to be on tlt e left oftlle enemy. At the same moment A(B)
squeezes, between Ill s legs, tlte left (right) enemy's ann Witll its palm up. The
left (right) leg of A(B) is moved a little forward and tlle light (left) leg
122
--- - .... - - ----'
Photo 78 - "Propping up an elbow and fracturing a wrist."
backward, thus the upper pal1 of tJl e left (right) ann of SeA) lies on the left
(right) leg of A(8) and tile lower part of tile left (right) ann of8(A) is pressed
by tile right (left) leg of A(8) from above. A(8) raises a littie tile left (right)
leg and presses down with the right Oeft) leg. At the same time ACB) seizes
the light (left) hand of the enemy with his right (left) hand and pulls it to the
light (left) shoulder of the enemy. Simultaneously ACB) thrusts his left (right)
hand Imder the right (left) ann pit of SeA), seizes him by the foreann near the
wrist and pulls back \VitIl force. As a consequence of those actions there will
be a fr acture of left (right) elbow and the right (left) wrist of the enemy.
Photo 78 - " Propping up an elbow and fracturing a wrist!'
Paragra ph 16 BE ZHOU - Squeezing an
elbow.
TIti s metJlOd is used to fi'achue enemy's elbow j oint when in Ut e course of a
fight he fall s down or si ts on U1e ground.
Explanations
B(A) tries to get up
after falling. At that
moment A(B) instantly
seizes the left (right)
ann of SeA) Witll bOUl
hands, qui ckly brings
right Oeft) leg over the
head of Ule enemy and
presses back Witll right
(left) leg. A(B) twists
the left (right) ann of
the enemy with both
hands so that the
enemy's elbow with its
outer side will touch the
left (right) tlugh of
ACB). Anus and legs of
A(B) apply an effort
Photo 79 - "Squeezing an elbow,"
and Ule elbow of Ul e enemy will he fi'actured. Photo 79 - "Squeezing an
elbow ...
124
Paragraph 17 TI ZHOU - Propping up an
elbow.
It is somewhat more difficult to use this method than the method
·Covering a fist" shown in photo 77.
TIllS method is used if the enemy has seized you by the sleeve.
Explanations
B(A) seized A(B) by
the right (left) sleeve
with tile right (left)
hand. Instantly A(B)
seizes from below the
right (left) ann of tile
enemy by the wri st
with hi s right (left)
hand and stmngly
pulls it to himself and
to the right (left),
tuming it with palm
up. Simultaneously
A(B) with the illller
side of ann crook
"props up" the held
ann of the enemy at a
point about two CUNs
(6.6 em) up Ule elbow.
Photo 80 - "Propping up an elbow."
At that A(B) rai ses hi s left (light) leg bent in knee, sets the upper palt of the
125
shin against the region of the thigh j oint of B(A) and pushes off with force.
During UlOse actions Ule upper torso of A(B) hllllS and inclines to the right
(left). In Ulat position Ule left (right) ann of A(B) presses up and Ule right
(left) ann presses down. A rrachue of Ule elbow joint of Ule enemy's right
(left) ann will occur. Photo 80 - "Propping up an elbow."
Paragraph 18 VA ZHOU - Pressing with an
elbow.
If the enemy seizes your right ann WiUl hi s right hand, Ule meUlOd XIAO
CHAN SI - "Small hank of tluead" (see part 6, paragr aph 1) can be used. If
Ul e enemy seizes your right ann Wit1l hi s left hand, tltis method will do.
Photo 81 - "Pressing with an elbow. "
126
Explanations
B(A) seized A(B) by the right (left) ann in Ul e region of Ule wrist with his left
(right) hand. A(B) instantIy covers tile hand of Ule enemy wiUl his left (right)
hand and strongly pulls with boUI anns toward himself. Ius torso hUlling to
tile left. Simultaneously A(B) presses on Ul e caught ann of tile enemy frolll
above downward and towal'd himself WitJI the right (left) elbow and inclines
tJle upper torso forward. A fi"a chlre of Ul e enemy's elbow will occur. Photo
81- "Pressing with an elbow."
127
Paragraph 19 PEN AN ZHOU - Squeezing an
elbow.
In this case it is necessary to take into account difference in stature.
TIlls method is used if the enemy has seized you by your clothes in the region
oflhe waist.
Explanations
B(A) seized A(B) by
the clothes in the region
of the waist OIl the left
(right) side with lus
tight (left) hand.
Instantly A(B) qtuckly
inclines the upper palt
of his torso forward,
hooks the ann of the
enemy a little bit up the
elbow with the umer
side of the left (right)
ann crook and raises it
lip with force.
Simultaneously A(B)
puts his right Oeft) hand
on the upper pal1 of the
light Oeft) ann of the
enemy and presses
down, seizes his light
Photo 82 - " Squeezing an elbow."
12S
Oeft) ann a little bit up the elbow with his left (right) hand. After having
seized the ann ofthe enemy in such a manner, A(B) straightens up his wai st,
at that he props up with the left (right) ann from below and presses down with
tJ\e right Oeft) ann. Those actions will result in a fracture oftJ\ e elbow joint of
tJte enemy. Photo 82 - "Sq ueezing an elbow."
Paragraph 20 JIA ZHOU - Clutching an
elbow.
To use this method, it is necessary to snatch convenient time and act
fast.
TIll s metJiOd is used iftJ\e enemy fell down .

Photo 83 - "Clutching an elbow."
129
Explanations
In the course of a combat B(A) fell to the ground. A(B) must instantiy dash to
him from above and pin the enemy to the grOlUld witil tile right (left) side. tile
right (left) leg of A(B) being in fr ont witil tile knee set against tile right (left)
shoulder of tile enemy. A(B) with his right (left)-sided chest ri bs presses
himself to tile chest of tile enemy and does not all ow him to ttml over. As a
rule, after finding himself in such a position B(A) stalts to wave his ann s
helter-skelter and tries to strike or seize tile enemy. A(E) uses it to seize tile
right (left) ann of tile enemy with tile left (right) hand and press its upper part
to tile itUler side of his right (left) thigh. Then A(E) Witil his left (right) leg
from above pitlS tile foreann of tile right (left) ann of the enemy to the
ground. A fracttlre of tile elbow joint will occur. Photo 83 - "Clutching an
elbow. II
Paragraph 21 KUA MA - Straddling a horse.
It should be taken into account that this method can be successfully
employed ff you take advantage of enemy's confusion, otherwise it is
extremely difficult to do!
Tins metilOd is used when tile enemy has fall en to tile ground in tile COlll"se of
a combat.
Explanations
In tile course of a combat B(A) falls down on his left (right) side. Usnally,
while falling down, a man loses, if only for an inst31lt. hi s concentration.
Taking advantage of tilat circumstance, A(E) immediately seizes, witil bOtil
hands, tile right (left) ann oftite enemy, at tile same time he steps over tile
130
Photo 84 - "Straddling a horse."
enemy's head with left (right) leg. Then, keeping the body weight on the right
(left) leg, A(B) quickly sits down on the ground near the right (left) cheek of
tlte enemy. raises light (left) leg. puts it on tlte enemy's chest and presses tl1e
caught ann of tlle enemy witlt its upper pad to his light (left) tlugh. Anns of
A(B) press down Witll force. hi s li ght Hugh pushes up and his left leg presses
tlle head of tlle enemy to tlle ground, at tllat tlle left (light) foot 's heel sets
against the gromld. Due to tllOse actions a fracture of tlle right (left) elbow of
tlle enemy occurs. Photo 84 - "Straddling a horse."
131
Paragraph 22 FEN 81 - Parting apart arms.
Till s method is used when in the course of a com hat the enemy has fall en on
Ut e gromld. Both anns of the enemy can be fl'actmed by tltis method.
Explanations
In the comse of a
combat B(A) falls
down. A(B) instantly
straddles the enemy,
pins him to the grOlUld
with the whole of his
body. presses on his
stom ach and the chest
with

rum of
U, e
hampeling his hreaUung
and not allowing him to
tum over. As a nIle,
after finding himself in
such a situation SeA)
tries to seize ACB) by
tile throat or face and
throw ofT the enemy.

,
.

- '"-
Photo 85 -" Parting apart arms."
ACB) uses it to seize both anns of the enemy by the wrists and part them
apart. at the same time he presses inward with hoth knees which set against
the upper part of enemy' s anns a ll sides. A fra cture of both elbow joints of Ule
enemy will occur. Photo 85 - " Parting apart arms."
13'2
Paragraph 23 LE ZHOU - Unbending an
elbow.
Here is considered a case when the enemy is lying on his side, which
happens quite seldom. More often the enemy lies on his back and in
that case it is better to kneel.
TIns method is used if in the course of a com bat the enemy has fallen to the
ground.
-
Photo 86: " Unbending an elbow."
Explanations
8 (A) falls to Ule ground. Seizi ng the opporhmity. ACB) immediately straddles
him. Finding himself in such a position, B(A) tries to resist with both anns.
For exampl e, SeA) tri es to seize ACB) with the right (left) hand. In that case
133
A(B) pushes the ann of the enemy with his right (left) ann to the left (right)
so that the enemy's hand should be between the left (right) shoulder and the
neck of A (B). Sinmltaneously A(B) covers the elbow of B(A) with both of
his anns and presses to the right (left) and toward himself will} force,
propping up wi ll} left (right) shoulder forward. The eff0l1 must be fast and
strong, in that case a fi:achue of the elbow will OCellI. Photo 86: "Unbending
an elbow."
134
Part VII
SHOU ZHI BU
and Fin ers
135
Paragraph 1 TIAO MA JIN: Pressing on a
tendon to cause numbing.
Below are given four methods (photo 87 - 90) which make it possible to free
oneself from a grip of the enemy. In all four cases pressure is done by a
thumb on the ' 'tendon of numbing" on tile hand of the enemy. due to it
enemy's fingers unclench.
It is necessary to keep in mind pOints location on the hand well,
additionally it is necessary to have strong, weI/-trained fingers to be
sure of success.
Those methods are llsed iftllC ellemy has seized you with his hand.
TIAO MA JIN: Use of force at the tendon to
cause numbing - the first alternative.
Expl anations
There are three so-called "points of Hum bing" OIl the back of the hand: point
1 between the forefinger and middle finger, point 2 between the middle and
faruth finger and point J between the fOUrt1l and little finger. All three points
are located on tlle back oftlle hand, in tlle middle oftlle palm approximately,
that is at an equal distance from tlle wrist and finger phalanxes. If you press a
finger to tlle back of a hand in different places, you will feel proj ecting
tendons which extend from fingers to the wrist and feel hollows between
tendons. In tilose holl ows are points you seek. If tile enemy seized you, you
can make ti le enemy unclench tile hand by using force at tilose points.
However. successful employment of titi s method needs exerci sing and
strengthening fingers for a long time. Otherwi se, you hardly ovenvhelm a
.
senous enemy.
As a whole, the teclUlique of pressure at all tlu·ee points is the same, onl y
pl aces of applicati on are different. For example, when you use force at point
J , you press onto the hoUow between tendons of the littl e finger and the
fOlUth finger of the enemy with yom thumb, simultaneously you press toward
the thumb from the side of the enemy' s palm with your middle finger. It is
necessary to press not with fUlger pads but with finger tips. If you do
everything in tlle proper way, the ann of the enemy will become completely
lllunb and numbing will spread further over h.is body. Photo 87: "Use of
force at the tendon to cause numbing - the first alternative!'
Photo 87: " Use of force at the tendon to cause numbing - the first
alternative."
137
TIAO MA JIN: Use of force at the tendon to
cause numbing - the second alternative.
Explanations
The tecJutique of pressure at point 2 is similar to the above, but now it is
necessary to press with tJle thumb onto the hollow between tendons of the
middle and [olUt h fingers and press with the middle finger toward the tlnunb
from the side or the palm respectively. The same is use of force at point 3, so
we 5ha11 not repeat the explanation. Photo 88: "Use of for ce at the tendon to
cause num bing - the second alternative."
Photo 88: " Use of force at the tendon to cause numbing - the second
alternative. "
I3S
JIA HU KOU: Pressing on HU KOU.
Explanations
The point HU KOU. lit. ' 'Tiger's jaws", li es in the space between the tlnull b
and forefinger. If the enemy stretches out his ann with Ule intention of seizing
you, you must immediately seize him by the Wli st WiOI one hand and press Ule
tip of your tlnun b of the other hand on the point HU KOU of the enemy. It is
necessary to press inward, on the tendon of his forefinger whi ch is also a
' 'tendon ofnmnbing", with the tip of your thumb. Pressure must be strong to
cause pain and numbing in the enemy, in that case his hand will lmclench.
Photo 89: " Pressing on HU KOU."
Photo 89: " Pressing on HU KOU. "
139
ill DING QUAN - Splitting a fist.
Explanations
The enemy stretches out hi s ann witJI the intention of seizing you, You must
immediately seize his ann by the wrist and press on U1e tendon between hi s
middle and famth fingers with the tlnun b of Ule other hruld. It is necessary to
press forward with the thumb using force and pull back toward you with the
other an u. As a result of it the whole ann of the enemy will become numb.
Photo 90: "Splitting a fist. "
Photo 90: "Splitting a fist. "
140
Paragraph 2 TUI ZHI - Pushing a thumb.
Till s method is llsed when the enemy attacks from the front and delivers a
plUICh. It results in frach1l1ng the thumb oftlle enemy.
Explanations
The enemy delivers a PlUICh in tlle region of yOul" chest with Ius right (left)
fist. You must dodge to the left (right) and at the same time seize the attacking
ann of the ellemy by the wrist with your left (right) hand. It is necessary,
within the same second, to set the right (left) palm against the thumb of the
enemy from the front and push it forward and down with force and pull to
yourself and upward with the left (right) ann . It will result in fracturing the
thumb of the right (left) hand oftlle enemy. Photo 91 : " Pushing a thumb."
Photo 91 : " Pushing a thumb. "
141
Paragraph 3 JUAN ZHI: Bending a finger.
Till s method does not require great effort and high level of skill . It can be
employed at any moment and in any sihlation. It is in strict confonnity to the
principle "to achieve tJl e great with small effort".
Expl anations
The enemy stretches out his ann with the intention of seizing you. You must
forestall the enemy and seize him by the forefmger as to bend it. At that your
thmnb presses on the ftnger of the enemy from above and your foreftnger
from below, not allowing the finger of the enemy to lUlbend. The enemy can
be seized not only by the forefmger but by the middle fUlger, the fourth fUlger
or the small finger as well . After having seized the finger of the enemy in
such a way. it is neceSS31Y to press on it with your thmn b down and from
yoursel f and wi th the foreflllger up and toward yoursel f, three other fingers of
yours close up with each oUl er and support your forefinger to increase its
actions . As a result of it U1e enemy will feel vi olent pain and hi s fi nger will be
broken. If necessary, you can seize him by U1e wrist wiU1 Ule oUler hand to be
sme Ul at he will llot free himsel f. To prevent U1e finger from being broken, it
is necessary to decrease pressure a little. In this position Ule enemy loses his
ability to resist, he can be escorted to a necessary pl ace. Photo 92: " Bending
a finger."
Photo 92: "Bending a finger. "
14 ::!
Paragraph 4 QIAN YANG: Pulling the ram.
This method must be executed deftly, smoothly and at the same time
fast.
Thi s method is used when the enemy strikes you with an open palm on the
face or breast or stretches out his arm witll the intention of seizing you.
Photo 93: " Pulling the ram."
Explanations
SeA) sbikes on Ule face or breast of ACE) Wit11 the right Oeft) palm or tries to
seize him by the face or cl oilles. ACB) instantly seizes the forefinger or Ule
mi ddle finger of the attacking hand of tile enemy. ACE) presses on Ule caught
finger from himself with his thumb and toward himself and downward with
Ut e other four fingers. Simultaneously the upper pa11 of the body of ACB)
leans forward. A fractme of the [Ulger of the enemy will occm. Photo 93:
" Pulling the ram."
143
Paragraph 5 FEN ZHI: Spreading fingers.
If thi s method is used, a fracture of enemy's fingers will occur, he will
practically lose his abili ty to resist Besides, when arresting a criminal , Ute
method can be used to escort him and force him to go in a necessary direction.
Explanations
A(8) witll his left (right)
hand, palm up, seizes the
thmnb of the left (right)
hand afBCA) . At tlle same
time ACB) seizes the forth
finger and small finger of
the same hand of SeA)
with his right (left) hand.
A(B) pulls to sides and a
little upward WitJl both
ann s, at the same time he
sets the upper part of the
right (left) ann against the
elbow of the held ann of
tile enemy and closely
presses himself to the
enemy with the torso. In
that position the enemy
can he forced to go in a
necessary direction. If
necessalY, a fractme of

Photo 94 - " Spreading fingers."
fingers can be achieved. Photo 94: "Spreading fingers ."
144
Part VIII
YIN TUI JIAO BU
Le s and Feet
145
Paragraph 1 ZHUA YIN: Seizing by genitalia.
Grip for genital organs is a mortally dangerous method. The position
shown in the photo is somewhat simplified for the sake of convenient
photographing, it bears a weak resemblance to reality of an actual
combat. However, the methods given be/ow can be used very
effectively. While striking with two fingers, it is necessary to lean a little
forward and crouch so that your shoulders will be on the level of the
enemy's eyes or a little lower, in that case your blow will be the most
destructive. At the same time your left hand must firmly seize the wrist
of the enemy and pull it down and toward yourself.
Expl anations
B(A) seizes A(B) by tlle genitalia witll his light Oeft) hand. Instantly A(B)
lllust seize the attacking hand of the enemy by the \Vlist witJlleft (right) hand
and make a pull toward himself and down, conculTentl y deliver a tlmlst to the
enemy's eyes with the straightened forefinger and middle finger of the ri ght
(left) hand. At that moment the enemy involuntalil y unclenches his hand.
Photo 95: "Seizi ng by genitalia."
When in the course of a combat the enemy seizes you by genitalia, it is
extremely dangerous. You may have no time to use common methods of
freeing yomself from a grip, that is affecting the «tendon of numbing",
pressing on the point HU KOU etc. It is necessary to act with utmost
resolution and take radical measmes, for example, finger thrust to eyes or
otller "deadly" metllOds. You must not be slow and hesitate for a single
moment, otherwise the situation can end in lamentable result for you.
146
-
Photo 95: "Seizing by genitalia. "
147
Paragraph 2 DUAN TUI: Breaking a leg.
Three methods described below are used during a combat in lying
position when both opponents fell on the ground in the course of a
fight. When detaining a criminal, it is necessary to take him aNve, all
three methods are used just for that purpose. Perhaps, from the point
of view of WU SHU (the Martial Art) those methods look somewhat
artificial and pretentious; as you know, the main thing in WU SHU is to
disable the enemy, the simpler and faster the better. But those
methods can be indispensable for capture of criminals.
If this method is used during a combat on the grOlmd, a leg of the enemy can
be broken.
Photo 96: "Breaking a leg."
148
Expl anations
B(A), being in a lying or sitting position, started to clasp A(B) WiUl legs WiOl
Ul e aim of squeezing Ule waist of A(B) . At that moment A(B) shoves through
his right (left) leg under Ul e Uugh of Ul e left (right) leg of the enemy, rai ses
Ius foot and carries it near the stomach of the enemy to Ul e left (right), Ulen
presses with the instep and the upper pat1 of Ul e right (left) foot to Ul e right
(left) side ofUle enemy. ConcurrenUy WiUl those actions A(B) seizes the right
(left) ann of Ule enemy WiUI bOUI anns and pulls it toward himself with force,
Ul e left (right) foot sets against the right (left) tlugh of Ule enemy. In tlus
position A(8 ) pulls tlle ann of the enemy toward himself WiUI force and
pushes off wiUl his left (right) foot, tlle body of A(8 ) hmung to Ul e left (right)
and leaning back. The right (left) leg of A(B) straightens Witll force and a
frachue of Ule left (right) leg ofB(A) occurs. Photo 96: "Breaki ng a leg."
Paragraph 3 ZUO TUI: Getting astride a leg.
If in the coarse of a combat the enemy fell on the ground, it is possible to
break a leg Witll Utis metllOd.
Expl anations
In the course of a hand-to-hand combat the enemy fell on ltis back. Using Ul at
opporhmi ty, A(B) swiftly puts Ius leg between legs of Ul e fallen enemy,
concurrently tuming to lum Witll Ius back, and sits down on tlle leg of tlle
enemy a little up tlle knee. Then A(E) clasps tlle heel of Ul e enemy from
below WiUl bOUl hands and pulls up witll force, simultaneously he leans WiUl
Ul e whole of Ius torso back fast and slufts body weight on buttocks with
wluch he energetically pushes tlle caught leg of the enemy down. It results in
frachuing the leg ofUl e enemy. Photo 97: " Getti ng astride a leg."
149
Photo 97: "Getting astride a leg. "
Paragraph 4 DENG TUI: Pushing a leg.
If in the course of a hand-to-hand com bat you suddenly fell on the grOlmd,
using this method, you will be able to win in the losing positioll, as it seemed
to be.
Explanations
In tile course of a combat A(B) fell on tile grOlmd. Usi.ng tius opportunity,
B(A) approaches tile fall en enemy and plUlches witil tile light (left) fi st 011 lus
head. A(B) supporting on Ius right (left) ann seizes tile attacking ann of tile
enemy by tile wrist witIl tile left (light) hand and pull s toward himself and
down. Concmreutly A(B) hooks tile right (left) leg of tile enemy a little up the
150
heel \ViUl Ule instep of the right (l eft) foot from behind and sets his left (right)
sale against Ule Imee of Ule enemy. With coordinated effort of one am} and
Jegs A(B) knocks Ul e enemy down. If A(B) applies raUler quick and strong
eff0l1, the leg of the enemy will be broken. Tills meUlOd call be also used
witllOut seizing ann of tlle enemy, only witll1egwork. Photo 98: " Pushing a
leg. "
Photo 98: " Pushing a leg."
151
Paragraph 5 DUAN ZU: Breaking an ankle.
Till s method is llsed iftlle enemy kicks standing or lying on the growld.
Photo 99: " Breaking an ankle."
Explanations
SeA) lying on the ground suddenly kicks with the left (right) leg. A(8 )
catches up the leg of the enemy with bOUl hands from below and squeezes it
under the right (left) ann pit, strongly pressing to his side with the upper part
of the right (left) ann . Then ACB) immediately puts the palm ar Ule left (right)
hand on the shin of tile enemy, a little up Ole knee, shoves his right ann under
Ut e leg of Ute enemy and seizes the foreann of his own left (right) ann with
Utat light hand. In U1at position A(8) presses on the sh.in-bone of the enemy
from above downward with his left (right) ann as strong as possible and
152
presses on enemy's Achilles (calcaneal) tendon from below upward with his
light (left) foreanll . At that A(B) leans his upper torso back and sticks out his
breast forward and upward. As a consequence of those actions a frachlre of
tJ\e morti s joint of SeA) will ocelli". Photo 99: " Brea king an ankle."
***
153
in Kung
.lin Jing Zhong:
"We collected all we had
seen and heard, we
gathered ancient
manuscripts given to us
by our tutors to compile
the present edition" .
" 72 Arts are perfect
exercises . First of all, it
is necessary to
assimilate the hornbook
of mastership. Apt
moment, apt time, apt
mystery .. . Strictly
observe instructions, and
you will be able to
become as perfect as the
Dragon"
I Sh.olin T ... lor Chun Jlnl
154
Library
"The Shaolin Martial Art
has absorbed a lot of
,.,,"s and styles . 72 Arts
are the top of b"ut!
mastership"
ISh.olln Tutor Ru Jlngl
Canonical Books by Lam Sai Wing
-
Lam Sa i Wing was one of the best fighters of his time, an outstanding master
of Southem Shaolin Hung Oar Kung FII and II disciple of the legendary Wong Fel
Hung . At the beginning of twentieth century, supposedly in 1917- 1923, when
Lam Sai Wing was the Chief Instructor in hand-to-hand fight in the armed
forces of fujlan province, he wrote three books on traditional Sh.olin methods
of the achievement of the highest mastership . In those books he scrutinized
COMBAT TECHNIQUES of TIGeR and CRANE styles, as well as the OLD
SHAOL1N M!THOD of developing the " INTERNAL " and " I!XTI!RNAL" force. The
books are illustrated with II great number of fine drawings showing the
author demonstrate his wonderful techniques . Until now the books of Muter
Lam Sal Wing serve illS ill basic textbook for those who seriollSly practices
Hllng Gar in China .
Now this books has been transhded into English and published in
electronic form" on our site. You can order this e-books here:
c- BOOKstorc

http://www.kungfulibrary.com/e-book-store.hbn
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Sha olin Kung Fu Online Libr ary
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155

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