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AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF BASIC AND REMEDIAL STUDIES, FUNTUA MATHEMATICS UNIT COURSE OUTLINE FOR THE MATHEMATICS REMEDIAL PROGRAMME FIRST SEMESTER MATH 01l MATH 012 MATH 013

## NUMBER AND NUMERATION ALGEBRA GEOMETRY

SECOND SEMESTER MATH 021 CALCULUS MATH 022 CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY MATH 023 STATISTICS FIRST SEMESTER

M ATH 011 NUM BER AND NUM ERATION Number system Fraction Types of fraction Ratio, Proportion, percentages PercentageError Calculations involving percentage error Variation Direction variation Inverse variation Joint variation Partial variation Decimal Approximation and Significant Figures Decimal notation Decimal division and multiplication Approximations Rounding off numbers Significant figures Simplification: Simplification of numbers Number Bases: Conversion from Base 10 to other Bases Conversion from other Bases to Base 10 Determining an unknown Base A d ditio n an d sub traction o f nu m ber B ase Multiplication and division of number Base Standardform Writing numbers in standard form Simplifying numbers in standard form Indices and Logarithms Indicial laws and their applications

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Exponential equations The operating rules for logarithms Special exponential equation Surds Definition of rational and irrational numbers Formulae involving operations with surds Addition and subtraction of surds Multiplication and division of surds Rationalizing the denominator Matrices and Determinants Definition of matrix Some basic definitions of matrices: [Equal matrices, zero (null) matrix, unit identity matrix, diagonal (triangular) matrix, symmetric matrix and skew - symmetric matrix] Addition and subtraction of matrices Multiplication of matrices Square matrices, transpose of a matrix, inverse matrix Definition of determinants Sarrus rule Minors, co-factors and adjoint Matrix method for solving simultaneous equations (Crammers rule) Use of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. MATH 012 ALGEBRA Algebraic expressions and equations Simplifications of algebraic equations Subject of the formula Quadratic Equations Solutions by:Factorization Completing the square method Formula Graphical method Roots of quadratic equation Simultaneous Linear Equation in two and three Variables Solution by elimination Solution by substitution Solution of one linear and one quadratic simultaneous equation. Graphical method Polynomials:Definition and basic operations Remainder theorem Factor theorem Inequalities:Properties of inequalities Simple linear inequality (in one variable) Simultaneous inequalities (in one variable) Quadratic inequality (in one variable) Simultaneous linear inequalities (in two variables)

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Quadratic inequality (in two variables) Sequences:Arithmetic progression (AP), Arithmetic mean Geometric progression (GP), Geometric mean Partial Fraction Type 1: Denominator contains unrepeated linear factors Type 2: 'Denominator contains repeated linear factors Type 3; Denominator contains irreducible quadratic factors Sets and Binary Operations Definition of sets, subset, universal, empty, finite and infinite set. Set operations: union, intersection, complement Use of Venn diagrams to solve problem (not more than 3 sets). Basic laws in set algebra Definition and representation of binary operation Properties: - closure, associative, commutative distributive, identity elements, inverse elements MATH 013 Plane Geometry Definition:- point, line and angle Angles And Types Of Angle Triangle /Types Of Triangle Triangle Theorems Quadrilaterals Polygons Circle Theorems Mensuration Use of Pythagoras Theorem Perimeter And Area Of Plane Circle Surface Area of Solids Volume of Solids Trigonometry Sine, Cosine And Tangent Of Angles Angles of Elevation And Depression Solution of trigonometry equations Sine And Cosine Rule Bearings Latitude And Longitude Further Trigonometry Basic identities Addition formulae Half angle Multiple angle Factor formula t-formula

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SECOND SEMESTER MATH 021 CALCULUS Function and Mapping Definition of mapping, domain, co-domain, range Types:Into mapping, onto mapping, one-one mappings, identity and constant mapping Composition of functions. Inverse functions. Limits of algebraic and simple trigonometric functions Differential Calculus Differentiation from first principles Differentiation by using formula Differentiation of sum, difference product and quotient Differentiation of function of a function Differentiation of implicit functions Differentiation of simple trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions. Integral Calculus Definition Properties of integration Integration of simple trigonometric function. Definite and indefinite integrals MATH 022 CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY The Cartesian Coordinates (Abscissa and ordinate) Distance between 2 points Division or Section Formula The Gradient of a straight line Equation of a straight line Slope-intercept form Point-slope form Two-points form Intercept-form Angle between two lines Parallel and Perpendicular lines The Circle Definition Equation of a circle The standard form (x - a)2 + (y - b)2 = r2 The General form x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0. Equations of tangent and normal to a circle. Length of tangents to a circle from a given point Point of contacts of circles

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MATH 023 STATISTICS Definition Data Types of data:- district and continuous Data Collection The Frequency Table Grouped and Ungrouped Data Data Representation: Pie chart Bar chart Histogram frequency polygon Cumulative, frequency curve The Measure of Central Tendency Mean Median Mode Measure of Dispersion Range Mean Deviation Variance Standard Deviation. Probability Simply Probability Addition Law Multiplication Law Conditional probability Correlation and regression

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