of F[atKnilttilng Machilne

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. L 10. 11. FlatKnitting Machine Summary Cam YarnPath Fabric Distinction Mechanism Knitting Principle Knit. Tuck. Welt(Miss) and Transfer Racking and ThreePrimary Structures Fabric of (Loop Diagram Diagram) Structure display Method Knitting, Separation Draw Thread, Press Rib ofi, Computer Knitting Flat Pattern Development BasicStructure Examples (1) Jacquard structure (2) Tubular (3) Varied Structure applying Tuckand Miss (4) Transfer (Structure Stitch Knitting)

S 1 . F l a t K n i t t i n gM a c h i n e u m m a r Y forward and back. The havetwo bedsof needles, machines Mostflat knitting is case. withonlyonebedof needles a special machine flat household knitting the with machines two bedsof needles, onewithboththe forward Of the knitting positioned horizontally calleda two headknitting is and backbedsof needles angles called V bed is a at Theonewiththe hooks 90 to 100degree machine. present trendis moving from the former more,the machine. Further knitting to laborsaving machines the automatic, flat narrowhandoperated knitting machines. flat controlled knitting computer is by are machine determined howmanyneedles The gauge the flatknitting of Presently knitting machines 3 of the for aligned oneinchalong bedof needles. is 5 are to 16 gauge in use. Of those, to 14gauge mostprevalent. machine usually in are expressed howmany of The revolutions the flatknitting (a in or can cycles mainknitcam (carriage) complete a minute round), as the t h a m e t e rn u m b e r sb u t e v e na t f a s t e s o p e r a t i otn e r e v o l u t i o n sr e 1 2 t o 1 3 , machine veryimportant is for of of rounds.Thisnumber revolutionstheknitting production the mainknitcam (carriage) configurationthe rateof thread or but, This can be understood the by effecton production. supplyhas a greater m b t d i f f e r e n c e e t w e e n h e J a c q u a r d a i n u n i t a n d t h e t r a n s f e rm a i n u n i t . g m d M o r e o v e rt,h e r e i s a l a r g ev a r i a t i o n u e t o k n i t t i n g a c h i n e a u g es i z e . ( g , ( c o a r sg a u g e ) , 7 t o 0 g a u g e m i d d l e a u g e )a n d1 2 e 1 3 C o m p a r i n gt o 5 g a u g e of moreproduct withthe samenumber revolutions to 16 gauge(finegauge), gauge. with can be produced the coarse machine camandthe knit whichis the mainpartof theflatknitting The carriage, yarn moves needle anddown,and determines up the coreof changing to fabric, is the stitchsize. For this reason, structure very complex.For the finished machine thefirsttime,it is a veryhardpart for people whoareseeing knitting a it to to but to understand , for thosewho are going studyknitting, is essential various fabricstructure.The this understand devicein orderto understand vary between different modelsbut, of structure and features the carriage following items. four is the basically comprises up the to O A camassembly move needles anddown,andto determine thestitch condition. of the the @ A brush openan close latch the latchneedle, maintrend to needles. in knitting to @ A device pulldownthefabric. yarn that device includes carrier,etc. @ An attaching is of the The smallest in thecomposition fabric the stitch.To compose stitch unit needles be generally in can classified to knitting needles needed.Knitting are latched needle, needle, compound needle, and one of fourgroups, bearded the to the and needle. Here,it is desirable understand structure double-head rangeof use. ln the whichhasthe largest needle, operation the latched of is the manufacturing the latchneedles, construction dividedinto several of processes detailed because shapeis very complex. Also, the accuracy; for in rigorous use and shockcan causethe rivetto becomeloosewhichresults yarnfriction causethe hookto weardownand can lose of the latchfunction; grooves, shortening life of the the debriscan collect the latchand needle in knitting needle.
- 1 -

the of consists the mainpad or stem, loophooking The latchneedle structure the which called latch, rivet the partcalleda hook, partimportant the stitch to the latch, and the latchgroove calleda of and closing the supports opening the whichallowa cam in the carriage havea buttattached slot,etc.Someneedles of In perform lowering operations. this way, because the needles and rising up by latchneedle can makea stitch just moving and the construction, detailed structure. and hasa simple itself lightweight is machine down. The knitting (Fig.) Latch Needle


word. In theknitting machine knitcamhasa CAMis a mechanical technical the function that it is the device very important in thatconverts left/ rightstroke the operation the carriage the up /down of into operation the needle, of making the shape the stitch.lt is necessary understand shape of stitch responding the to to cam operation. (Fig) *n,,.:"r Shape Needle Axis and

* T

(1)The needle rises (2) Clearing (3)The needle descends (4) Knock over



The knitting cam is called single depending a cam,double cam,3cam,4cam, improves on the number cam aligned a row. The efficiency knitting of of in as the number camsincrease. of -2-


3 . Y a r nP a t h
gimlet in a spool, around center a round The yarn,wrapped the of passes set a maintaining devices called ya'ntension, sidetension. through tension a and It thenpasses a through yarnfeed. Thisset up is called yarnpath. The the duringoperation that colored controlcan be switched so yarn an several of threads yarncan be usedat the sametimein response various to uses. The n u m b e rm a y c h a n g ed e p e n d i n o n t h e m a c h i n ey p e s . W h e n k n i t t i n g g t a jacquard pattern intarsia pattern or manyyarnpaths needed. are

4 . F a b r i cD i s t i n c t i o n
Sometimesit is difficult lookat a fabric to and tell whether is knit or cloth it fabric. To easilymakethe distinction is important observe surface it to the yarncrossing rightangles carefully distinguish and between at and yarnol a loopstructure. A s o p p o s e d o c l o t hf a b r i c , n i t f a b r i ci s u s u a l l y a d ew i t h l o o p sr u n n i n g k t m horizontally vertically. Fabric withvertically or connected loopsis warpknitting fabric.Fabric withonlyhorizontal loops flatknitting is fabric circular or knitting fabric.

q.t(!!ling Mechanism rinciple ndKnit.Tuck.Welt(Miss) P a
O The needle hookis maintaining oldloop. the /..

r 4 r n e n e e o re ra tse o In e cam ,ano Ine oto @ The needle raised y the cam,andtneon---'fi( .h ts is o by

loopbegins open needle to latch. the

@ Theneedle raised it'smaximum is to height,

ratch' the ll::l1l':L.::'Pl?l:rYcPens and (Clearing) it moves down.

Yl ltl 'U




@ In the hook,newyarnto make newloopis a already supplied. the needle As lowers the old loopcloses latch. the O The needles continues lower, the old to and loopseparates the needle become from to partof the fabric.(Knock over) A newloopis formed the needle in hook.

Di o i


*lf the newyarnsupplied is cutor the hookdoesn't catchit in process the @, stitchshapewill be interrupted makinga defectin the fabric.


principle basically sameregardless the mechanism, is The loopformation of the kindof needle, warpknitting, flat knitting. operation the knitcam in The of or position the rising needle. relation the needle to changes the of position divided threepositions knit,tuck, welt This needle is called, into and (miss). Combinations these methods change quality of threebasicknitting the and appearance the fabric. of






(b)Tuck WeltPosition


"tr s
(c) welt



(Fig) FlatKnitloop condition

position (Fig.) Tuck,Weltneedle Knit, comPoses the TheO condition re. structu transformation the completes The @condition knitlooP. of formation the tuckor miss to It is impossible repeat limitlessly.


6 . T r a n s f e ra n d R a c k i n
racks backneedles racking device the bed leftor right machine The flat knitting i n i b 1 , 2 , 3 . . . n e e d l e sn r e l a t i o t o t h e f r o n tn e e d l e e d .T h e m a c h i n es a l s o pitch(1 needle racking. methods may tor 12 space) Someknitting designed 112 pitches a several at racking pitchat a timewhileknitting, racking or require one knitting mesh. or timeas withcable for bed matching that boththe front so ot Racking 1/2 pitchis needed needle (front needlemax)without the and back can riseas a rib and backneedles poking each other,and so that frontand back needle ends of the needles workas withcable knitting meshcan be performed. and transfer

\] \tIJ
n n R

( B a c k e d ), U , U , U , B



alLt{,aB a c kB e d ) u( tu

Bed) l) ll A (Front


( a ) R i b K n i tMa tch i n g

(b)Transier (Confront) Matching

A latchneedle knit, 3 usedin knittingcan produce kindsof structure, tuck,and weltby opening closing latchandthe riseand lowering but, operation and the by usinga needle can witha transfer feather attached operations be transfer doneandan abundant varietv fabric of become oossible.

when Position transferring ,,,

(Transfer side) (Receiving side)

The endof the feather enters the middle the of shaved groove. Feather

(Fig.)Transfer needle structure

Whenthe transfer position higher is operation beingperformed raised is the thanthe knitposition. stitch The clears latchand the needle the continues to rise.lt rises a position passes where endof the needle the feather to transfer the The end of the receiving stitch. needle into thrusts the middle the feather of and mainpart and passes middle the stitch. the Withthe transfer of operation the position needle transfer cam attachment and bed matching very important. is A slightmistiming the frontand backneedle and fallcan causea dropped rise of stitch.


r 7. T h r e e P r i m a r v t r u c t u e s o f F a b r i c S
they are collectively Thereare threebasicstructures flat knitting, in calledthe primary rib Thesethreekindsare plainstitch, stitch, and purl three structures. stitch.

(1) Plainstitch( also calledsingleknit)

withonlyone sideof needles. knitting This is a very basicstructure system The is maincharacteristic this structure that the frontand backsurfaces the of of withthe stitch the needle fabricare readily The distinguishable. sudace on hook withthe stitch the backsideof the on side is lhe frontstitch, andthe surface hookis the backknit. (Fig) Front Stitch (V shape iorm) stitch
(Fig.) BackKnit (Semicircle stitchform) ( Fig.)PlainLoop

,q ild?d
(2) Ribstitch(also double knit) called



well The characteristicsplainknitfabricis it stretches vedically wellas of as h o r i z o n t a l liy ;i s a l s ot h i n a n d l i g h tw e i g h tD i s a d v a n t a ga r e i f o n e o f t h e t . es runs, stitches easily alsothe fabric tends curl. to breaks {abric the

In this structure are on boththe frontand backsurfaces knitted the needle bed. plainknithavea mutual The frontstitch and backknitof the arrangement every one waleallowing fabric havegoodsidestretch. the to
(Fig.)Rib Stitch

(Fig.) Loop Rib


rib(arl ) knit
1 x 1

are Thecharacteristics knitting thatcutting sewing easybecause and of rib are is used sweater lt andit stretches sideways.hasmany thefabric doesnotcurl, rib,collars, sleeves, etc.


stitch) (Also links, links'links, garter and (3) Purlstitch called of because bed,and is knitted use Boththe frontand backsurfaces the needle frontstitch and backknitof the flat Transferring the meet. needles the transfer mutually appear. makestitches course knitonceevery (Fig.) Stitch Purl (Fig,) PurlLoop J,J+JJ ilfirrit \ J


rfitTlru with purl curl has compared plainknit,it doesn't Thecharacteristics stitch depth withgoodelasticity. fabric much, andit is a stable ( ) D 8 . C o n s t r u c t i o n i a g r a m L o o p D i a g r a m D i s p l a yM e t h o d is the wayto handle fabricandtell howit was knitted to analyze a The easiest to analyze fabric the thereis one other But,whenit is impossible actually fabric. pattern the fabricwouldhook of way.Thiswayis to thinkhowthe crosssection for bedsandsearch the flowof the fabricusinga on the front and backneedle projection diagram. knit,tuck and misson the between to To do so, it is necessary distinguish display. (Fig.) method knit, Knit diagram showing tuck,andmiss.


ddd x-lx

e ied=

for knitting a structure takes to Using thiskindof loopdiagram search theexact suggest using method a stepto better this as very longtimebut,we strongly morequickly. understanding fabric the


9 . S e p a r a t i o n n i t t i n g ,D r a wT h r e a d ,P r e s so f f , R i b K
of is to elc. Ribsand sleeve elastic attached the bodyand sleeves sweaters, has beenknitted that to knitting drawyarnare add to the fabric Separation and so are the dimension the bodyand sleeve that theycan be separated the of knit To this the seamregardless the ground pattern. perform in series number of is is of sheets set anda knitting used. is Usually fabricis a the One unit of thesenumber sheets called garment. of knitted witha rib attached knitting. using garment the Here,we will explain 1 x 1, 2 x 1 rib knit usinga stepby stepstructure the mutually repeat, With 1 x 1, a knitneedle freeneedle and knitting so diagram. With2 x 1,2 knit overlap eachother. on thatfrontstitch the backstitch and don't needles repeat one unitbuttheyknitso thatfrontstitch and and 1 freeneedle the backstitch don'toverlap eachother. on
( F i g . l) x l r i b k n i t (Fig)2xl ribknit

(Procedure) o Rib
@ Rib

Same as Lefi

1/2 <-Left pitch


All backstitches are moved thefrontbe to thetransfer match.

@ Allfront stitch needles

JJJ+JJJJ, u]'trfiftftnt l'trdiftrfutt 1/2 + Right pitch
,-.\ a/

Thebackneedles return theiroriginal to matching. Thefrontstitch all is needles. Back Stitch (2x1) 1x1


Samea left

All frontstitchneedles knitcourse withthe 3 backneedles hooked.



1 4 4 v \./v/ 4 v v v 4 4 4 4\y \y

-a-L--a-4.-4,-Lsame as lgft

@ BackStitch 1 x 1 ( 2x 1 )
<DrawYa ;

e. Left 1/2pitch

<-Left1 pitch

@ Thefront:.:itches are all drawn. <cast off>

T--U--T-:-T.o.o-0.0. -u- T-;lriT-. does matchinq Needle notchange.

tff:tfffiU . tr

is o Theribvarn sgt;ug
Front and BackStitch (2xl 1x1 ) @ FrontStitch1 x 1 (2x1) O BackStitchlxl ( 2x 1 ) ,O Front 1 Stitch x 1 (2 x 1) O lxlribknit







(2xl ribknit)

until From method "irf,;fir6f is repeated theproper there the sameknitting on d i m e n s i o n s ea c h i e v e d . ar the The of The rib cuffs(sleeves) finished. process starting groundknit are knit of structure the ground is ribknitting, varies the depending whether basic on we Next, purl and frontplainknitting, knitting, wideribknitting it'scondition. or
l w i l l g i v e a g e n e ra e xa mp l e . (1) RibKnit (2) PlainKnit

(3) PurlKnitor Widerib

(Knitted endcourse the of the stitch) ribwiththecoarse Sameas left

1/'^ar ./ ."rt\'


J J,!-A.q J J f irfir l'tntt

(Coarse Stitch) Sameas left
J J J J ilftntlftffultt'-d


J qa-q J



Withthe formermechanical knitting flat machines, pattern developed the is by changing struclure the withknits, tuck!, and missed, intercnanling 6y neeote standsand cams,or by the jacquard, whichis set at the lowerpj.tion of the needle. pushing jackup to select needles. bed, a the Also,a rotatirigmechanical controlof the various courses performs micro-stitches piecesin a progra, by chain.Moreover, when the samecontrol contentis repeaieo over several courses number be setin a counter the can device called economizer. set an To the stitch sizethe height a 3 to 5 stage of stitch camis determined the screw and is tightened. Withthe computerized knitting machine, conlrol the content eachcourse for is contain a "control in tape", stitch the sizeis contained a "stitch in iip.", the set number timesthe control of content repeated contained the "course is is in e c o n o m i z etr p e " o r " j u m pe c o n o m i z _ a p e " ,w h e n p e r f o r m i n t a ter iacquaro patterns complex or structure knitting "patlern a tape"is used, and ihereis the "pattern development tape"for indic-atinj posiiion the needled tne of bed side movement devellPthe pattern. to Eachtapefeedsinformation the record into portion a control of device. Forthe inexperienced beginner, making these tapes takesa lot of timebut,it is necessary correctly to learn basic the rules. the operation the control lf of device is mastered computer the knitting machine be usedto e"rity-fnitvarious can knittingstructures. Undera separate itemwe. gJplain a loop, will in various basicknittings the for beginner little with knowledge knitting of structure. Forthe composition production and method thevarious for tapes please refer to the edited instruclion manual thevarious with models.

1 1 . B a s i cS t r u c t u r e x a r n p l e s E
Fabriccharacteristics be divided.in can jacquard pattern whichexpress the p a t t e r n n c o l o r s t u c k o r m i s sv a r i a t i o n - s t r u c t u ae s , r a c k i n g i i , r nd o transfer (transfer pattern or.cable knitting) structure knitting. Next, willjrfiain a few we basicstructures diagrams. with

10 -

(1)Jacquard Structure is Withthe jacquard in structure pattern expressed differences dyedyarn in the but,it is alsoseparated the number colors of color by andthe kindof knitting method. Here,we will introduce comparing ribbed jacquard a flat this and a plainjacquard Next,we willcontinue explain usingtwo colors. to this with a ribbed jacquard flat withthe backstructure using colors 3 changed a blister and jacquard whichmakes blisters thefrontKnitsurface. on (Fig) CrossStitch Pattern 4 x 4 (Wale) (Course) B C o l oA C o l o r r
_4 --3 Z

TwoColors FlatJacquard

Two Colors PlainJacquard

A Color
I V n r n r V l V F l u . U . .


CoiorA # C o l oB r C o l oA r

z 3 4

C o l oB r

\-,\Jlvl /1




B Color

pattern the samebut. When is the Withthe abovetwo structures frontsurface jacquard stretched is easier seethe backknityarn between to the it is the flat is frontstitches the pattern unclear. and jacquard knitting onlythe frontstitch. is with On the otherhand, piain the float,it is necessary --q;t length the back the of to whenmaking: Therefore, back Tnis can be achieved by yarn at the size wherethereis no dropstitches. is stitches speecor yarnpathbut,the limiton floating adjusting revolution the one inch. about


(Fig.)3 color FlatJacquardPattern 6 6 x (Course) (Wale)

C Color
C o l o rA 6 5
, *

A Color -a-i -3 ColorB Color C Color A B Color ColorC

B Color


As shown the loopdiagram the right, in to for everyfrontstitch hooked according to the color, backstitch the knitsshifting the hookdirection everyonecourse every for lineof the carrier other arranoement. In the priortwo colorf latjacquard the was example backstructure knitted withall needles. kindof '1x 1 back This is knitting called structure birdseyes structure. flat Thethreecolor jacquard usesall also needles knitthe backbut,withthethree to pattern formed. a is colors sidestriped But.because number stitches the the in of frontstitch andbackstitch differs a great to increase, birds as degree thecolors the eye is structure usedfor backstructure.

A Color Color B Color C Color A Color B Color C Color A B Color CoioC r Color A -a-*.-a-. ColorB Color C


(Fig Blister Jacquard )

The looppattern shown is below

Ground Pattern

( a )S i n g l e l i s t e r b

( b )D o u b l e l i s t e r B


. 0 0 .


. . u " u " u u "


. u . . u . . v v . .




with a structure missapplied rib Theblister is to structure basicallyvariation 'ground'
knitting. The flat part of the fabricis called 'blister'. part)is called pattern

and the liftedpart (the

yarns(color yarns) The number blister supplied one course the fabric to of of it blister. whether is single blister double or determines


(2)Tubular plainfabric frontstitch knitted . are Withthe tubular the and backstitch mutually tubularon a The finishedplainknit structure the sameas fabricknitted is knitting machine . circular (Fig) Tubular FrontStitch tr.n Stitch ) / FrontStitch Backstirch


7 T \ '


l mutually I Knitted

paths) supplied, yarnknits widerib,andthe other lf two yarns(yarn are one the yarnis knitted withthe needles justnotknitted firstyarnto separated that the the front andbackstitch make tubular stitch to a structure.
(Fig.)The fabricsurface with knittinq. tw o co l o rtu b u l a r



Withtubular knitting, front rise the andbackneedles never to the sameposition (matching the frontand backneedle at the sametime,so transfer knitting up is beds) required getequal to crossing thefront andbackneedles. of
(Fig.)Transfermatching and rib knit matching comparison.

Thelength notequal. is

- -i:-r,-u}-q_oiru(-'lr ':-I
Thestitch separates and the backslilchcan be seen.



Tuckand Miss. (3)Varied applying Structure Here rib Of the variedstructures and flatknitare the basicstructures. someof the generally used them areshown. (FlatKnitStructure) tuck) O BackDappled Cloth(2 course

S tri p e(Mi sso n e ve ryo therline) W i thth i s me th o d p l a i n(flatknit)set , i u p w i th n o l o o pn e e d l e s s possible. Plating to Two kindsoi yarn are attached the p l a i nkn i tstru ctu re ch ange the to f rontand back colorsof the fabricor th t o ch a n g e e r:a te ri a l .

t . tr-u .T


(RibStructure) HalfCardigan Tuckandknit a thebackknit. for repeated rutul'lly

\ /t't't't'\&

I /YYYVY\l )

FullCardigan Tuckand knitare rever 'd fc re frontstitchandbackstitch.


Milano ib R is Ribknit,frontandbacktubular repeated.


knit, knit) Interlock(Bothface smooth and Knitand missare reversed extraction. reoeated 1 x 1 needle at



(4)Transfer (Structure Stitch Knitting) No.1- No.4
N o .1

Transfer Basic Stitch] [FlatKnitStructure a the Afterknitting plainfrontstitch, stitch is to beingtransferred brought the back thatis to be brought Then, stilch the stitch, one pitchrackto the left is returned a by left left,andthe stitch thatis to be brought is returned a one pitchrackto the left, by rightis and the stitch that is to be brought returned a one pitchrackto the right. At by this time,in orderto overlap transfer the stitch it can be seenlrom the frontthe so outside transfer stitch the stitchis brouoht back. temporarily (Fig.)Double stitches <Procedure>


u-irercrfda-0-6-0- o ffi
6) v

Thefront is stitch knitted two for courses. Thetransfer stitch andoutside stitch are transferred back.


@ Racking one piich left.
@ Thepart be moved is transferred to left

forward. Racking pitch right. c"e 0 + o Thepart1 ie mcved rightis transferre orward. i. 8) Therack ;eturned it'sorioinal to :osition.

6T5-6.-6 Tbf

rboveB si o.o-O-


Thestitches remaining the backare in forward. transferred







lilt-6 .cr.-o'dnr

@ @ @

1 6-

l r t l t. : : i ' . . l l . : . . 'i : i : : . : ; 1 1 t , I t l t t. .r.::.l f.:,:'.f:.:::.11I, . , l ' ' r i : . ,. :. : l | f l r f I f t l t lrtl,',', tirttt .i',',.,,',,13,, . t tti I t f f -".;',"t t ':i: ' r :J: ; t r t r l' 'i r ',i , l : : 1 . . ' . r f' .l .| :| iri r r ' l l I . t . t . ' r !: , : r r f , ' . t t ' . . . l l l : ; : :.f"' lf ft l t f r ' f ttl t l I .t.t.t.t, .....: ::.:.ll ||| It t l I r . r . r . r . r :: . . .1 , . . . . : : :| : l t I I I I | l f I:.r.r:J.:i .l.lt|||||r I t t f ^ r - t _ r - f t. - , t l t f l l t f l . l l I I | | | t | : . : . 1| r t t r | | t f l I t t l t l l | : : t l t t r f t t r l . t t t t t r t r t r t l I l l t l l t t l l 'l a f t r l f l l ' f f t t f f t t r f a I a a r a l r . . . . . . | . a a

KnitStructure Basic MeshPattern] [Flat

, l l f : i r ] , , : : ; ; ; ; : , , ' f , iThe plainfrontstitchis knittedto make a !


pattern withan opening everyotherline. in As withthetransfer pattern, suitable a stitch fromthe pattern knitted everyotherline is b r o u g h t o t h e b a c k n e e d l e .l t i s t h e n returned thefrontbe a 1 pitchshiftto the to left.In thiscondition,the frontplainstitch if is knitted hookstitchis formedat the a needle cleared the transfer by stitchbut,on the nextcourse plain the stitch run in a will line.

Af t e rth a t, th e sti tchh o o ke d the needlenot used in the tr ansfer the pri or on of c o u r sei s re tu rn e d th e fro n tby a 1 pitchshiftto the r ightever yother line,an d to f r o n tpl a i nkn i tti n gs p e rfo rm ed. i Effective knitting can be done by r ever sing d an r e p e ati n g e a b o veste p s. th

<Procedure> uoTmr6-0-6u-u-d'


O Thefront stitch knitted two is for c0urses.
(^ v

Thetransfer is stitch transferred back. Racking pitchleft. one Thestitch hooked theback needle on is returned forward. c0urses.



(v Thefront is stitch knitted two for




Thetransfer stitchis transferred back. Racking pitchright. one returned fonvard.


@ Thestitch hooked the backneedle on is



Repeat above steps. the 8

ffi ffi
) + l






Transfer Knit] FrontStitch [WideRibBasic fromthe plain Thisstructure different knit. is The front stitch and back knit must be knitted separately. The transfer is stitchprocedure the same fabric as the plain but,here, shiftonlythe to frontstitch, stitchthat is knitted the the on is backneedle lefton the backsideneedle of lhe stitch was returned the frontby that to the right/left shift. The stitch must be to transferred the frontbefore knitting the next courseor the knitting not continue will the because backneedle get hungup. <Procedure>



for O Thewideribis knitted two courses.
/a v

Thetransfer stitch andoutside stitch are transferred back. Racking pitchlefi. one Thepadto be moved is transferred left forward.



Racking pichright. one rightis transferred Thepafito be moved forward. position (Knitting position).



to @ The rackis returned it'soriginal




hidden The stitches behind front the forward stitcharetransferred and overlapped. Repeat above steps. the 8


(r\ \3'
ai v



N o .4

CablePattern] [WideRibBasicFrontStitch front Withthe cablepattern, afterrepeating the front stitchand back stitchknitting, The rack stitchand backstitcharecrossed. p i t c h w h e n c r o s s i n g h a n g e sw i t h t h e c the method twistknitting cableaccording of stitches the cable. of of to the number front givenhere, threefront the In the example s t i t c h e sc r o s s b u t , 3 p i t c h r a c k i n gi s performed. Therefore, prevent to applying performing the before a loadto the stitch, new stitches are not made crossknitting, to that on the 3 needles just returned the In other words aremade miss. to front. they The knitmethod cutsthe loophooked that "relief needle called is knitting". on another <Procedure> for O Thewideribis knitted fourcourses.

ffi %

knitting donefor2 courses. is @ Relief Thefront stitch thecableis of transferred back. left. 3 @ Racking pitches

Three stitches the right on sideof the forward. cableare returned (Relatively Racking pitchright. 6 3 pitches right.) Three stitches the leftsideof the on forward. cableare returned racking Return the original to condition. Repeat above8 steps. the


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