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Enrolment No._____________

**GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
**

B. E. Sem - IV Examination - June- 2011

**Subject code: 140102 Subject Name: Aerodynamics - I
**

Date:10/06/2011 Time: 10.30 am – 01.00 pm Total Marks: 70

Instructions:

1. Attempt all questions. 2. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary. 3. Figures to the right indicate full marks. Q.1 (a) Using appropriate mathematical derivation, show that vorticity can be defined as 07 twice the angular rotation. (b) Explain the measurement of airspeed in subsonic compressible flow and 07 supersonic flow (a) Write a short notes on shock wave interaction and reflection (b) Derive Prandtl-Meyer function for expansion wave. OR (b) Explain normal shock wave, oblique shock wave and expansion wave (a) Define circulation. Also explain vortex flow and derive stream function and potential function for vortex flow. (b) Show that there is no lift and no drag for stationary cylinder placed in inviscid incompressible irrotational uniform stream OR (a) State and derive Kutta-Joukowsky lift theorem (b) Explain flow separation for circular cylinder and airfoil for real case. 07 07 07 07 07

Q.2

Q.3

Q.3

07 07

Q.4

**(a) Verify whether the following flow fields are rotational. If so, determine the 07
**

components of rotation about various axes.

1 2 1 yz − xy (ii) u = xy; v = ( x 2 − y 2 ); 2 2 A source discharging 20 m3/s is located at (-1,0) and a sink of twice the strength 07 (b) is located at (2,0). For the pressure at the origin of 100N/m2 and density of 1.8 kg/m3. Find the velocity and pressure at points (0,1) and (1,1)

(i) u = xyz; v = zx; w = OR

Q.4

(a) A source of strength 30 m /s is located at the origin and another source of 07 strength 20 m2/s is located at (1, 0). Find the velocity components u and v at (-1, 0) and (1, 1). Also if dynamics pressure at infinity is zero for density of 2 kg/m3, calculate the dynamics pressure at the above point. (b) A model of Rankine body is placed in a wind tunnel. If the model is 1m thick 07 has its source and sink each located at a distance of 0.75m from the origin and is exposed to an upstream velocity of 25 m/s. what is the equivalent source strength? (a) Consider a normal shock wave in supersonic airstream where the pressure 07 upstream of the shock is 1 atm. Calculate the loss of total pressure across the shock wave when the upstream Mach number is (a) M1 = 2 and (b) M1 = 4. Compare these two results and give your comment.

1

2

Q.5

Assume lapse rate 0.Q. OR (a) Consider an airplane flying at a velocity of 250 m/s. Calculate its Mach number 07 if it is flying at a standard atmosphere of (a) sea level (b) 5 km and (c) 10 km.5. a* and M* ************* 2 .5 (b) A supersonic flow with M1 = 1. P2. and T1 = 288 K is expanded 07 around a sharp corner through deflection angle of 15°. T0. T02 and the angle that the forward and rearward Mach lines make with respect to the upstream flow direction. P02. Calculate the local values of P0. P1 = 1 atm. static pressure and 07 static temperature are 3.5.3 atm and 180 K respectively. T*.0065 K/m (b) Consider a point in an airflow where the local Mach number. T2. 0. Calculate M2.

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