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PUPR Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering CE-4203 Geotechnical Engineering I Laboratory Section 05- 11/FA Prof.

Alfredo Martinez

Laboratory Report Standard Penetration Test -SPT

Irrizary Estrella, David Martinez Melendez, Sandra Ramírez Arroyo, Alcides Ríos Cabrera, David Torres Montalvo, Remi

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Test Date: Re-Submitted Date:

August 20, 2011. October 05, 2011.

drop height. II. spoon diameter. The test is conducted inside a borehole. which gives an indication of the soil stiffness and can be empirically related to many engineering properties.I. The hammer weight. The first increment (0150mm) is not included in the N value as it is assumed that the top of the test area has been disturbed by the drilling process. ASSESSMENT OF TEST ACCURACY: The data obtained in the Standard Penetration Test depends on the experience and exactitude of the technician. A 'split spoon' sampler is attached to the bottom of a core barrel and lowered into position at the bottom of the borehole. The number of hammer blows is counted. The SPT N is the number of blows required to achieve penetration from 150-450mm. The number required to drive the sampler three successive 150mm increments is recorded. the sample remaining inside the split spoon is preserved in an airtight container for inspection and description. are standard dimensions. INTRODUCTION: The Standard Penetration Tests aims to determine the SPT N value. The sampler is driven into the ground by a drop hammer weighing 68 kg falling through a height of 76 cm. We expect to have a high accuracy. . rope diameter etc. After the test.

Start the drilling equipment and take note of the number of blows that the hammer takes to get the tube sampler 6 inches into the soil. EQUIPMENT: The equipment used with take a sampler of soil:  Truck-mounted drilling equipment o Advancing augers o Rope o Hammer o Solid tube sampler (“Spoon”)    Glass sample container Yard stick Personal safety gear o Safety toe footwear o Security helmets IV. Disengage the auger and mount another tube sampler. Remove the sample from the tube and discard the first 6 inches. 3. Assemble the 5ft augers in to the drilling tool and drill the soil.III. Mark the tube sampler every 6 inches and assemble it on the drilling tool. . 2. Continue to take note of the blows per 6 inches until the tube sampler is completely underground. Establish the area to perform the SPT. Place the rest of the sample in the glass sample containers. Repeat procedure until reach required depth. PROCEDURE: 1. 5. 4.

EQUIPMENT LIMITATIONS: The soil sample taken in the (SPT) doesn’t represent the real estate of the ground soil.V. VI. POSSIBLE SOURCES OF ERROR:    Error made by the technician when counting blows from the hammer. if it’s not dropped exactly from 30 inches will compromise the precision of the test. Truck-mounted drilling equipment is not 90 degree from the surface can also compromise the precision of the test. . Malfunction of the hammer.

Based on the visual description of the samples. Based on the N value the consistency of the soil varies from medium to hard. 2011. having a predominant consistency classification of very stiff. ANALISYS OF RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: 1. . 3. Hato Rey Campus.VIII. The boring made in the Standard Penetration Test was performed on the PUPR. 2. 4. Also. The consistency of the soil determined in this test is the expected for the testing area. on August 20. at the first 7’6” of depth the soil is sandy clay. while the drill goes deeper the soil has a gray color that represent the present of silt in the area.

REFERENCES:   ASTM International. ASTM Standards. P. Consistency Limits Class Handouts. Martinez. D 1586 – 99: Standard Test Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils . (2004).IX. . (2010). J.