You are on page 1of 5

Recessive and Dominant Inheritance

Legend: Mechanisms of recessive and dominant inheritance.

Recessive Inheritance

Both parents carry a normal gene (N), and a faulty, recessive, gene (n). The parents, although carriers, are unaffected by the faulty gene. Their offspring are affected, not affected, or carriers. This type of inheritance was first shown by Mendel.

Dominant Inheritance

One parent has a single, faulty dominant gene (D), which overpowers its normal

but its not likely. Finally the dictionary says "of a lineage established by registration records". But are they accurate? A 1950 Webster's Unabridged Dictionary defines Purebred as "bred from pure blood"! Do your birds have parasites in their blood? They might. the offspring are either affected or not affected. Newer dictionaries are not much better. 1977. and who could tell? Crosses of different stocks of the same species "back when" is more likely. therefore. they might be. PUREBRED!? Miller. Are your doves from species crosses? Well. Who registers your birds? My doves may come the closest. and mine are pedigreed and the pedigree goes back to 1938. What do we mean by purebred? Probably no two fanciers quite agree. since I keep single pairs per cage.counterpart (d). "Purebred" stock sells better than "crossbred" or "mongrel". The dictionary also says "kept pure for many generations". they are not purebred. but they are not carriers. according to the parasitologists! So. How about geneticists? Courses in Heredity use "purebred" in two major ways. W. When the affected parent mates with an unaffected and non-carrier mate (dd). The connotations in people's minds about these terms seem pretty well fixed. Purebred!? Iowa Science Teachers Journal 14:37-38 It has a nice sound. . affecting that parent. J. not quite equivalent.

and white color. forget it for our purposes.(1) Produces the same type (phenotype) and only that type generation after generation. blue. "I have purebred dogs (or horses. (2) The stock. but they are highly individualistic and do differ! Examples of the more infrequent type of how a "purebred" can be not pure: "purebred" Shorthorn cattle segregate for red. and they are all the same!" NO! THEY ARE NOT! They might be the same for one or a very few characters.). Moreover." A few very highly inbred lines of corn or mice or Drosophila come close to this. Now. they still segregate for a few character pairs. leaving only the "impure" type (heterozygote) to continue generation after generation. is homozygous for the genes controlling a particular genetic character. that is. Otherwise the two usages are equivalent. First let's get out of the way why the two definitions are only nearly. Purebred blue Andalusian chickens are the classical example segregating for black. palomino. and non-tangerine. Since balanced lethals are rare. "Split" implies not "pure". roan. it cannot segregate genetic controlling elements (= genes). A purebred individual can make only one kind of gamete (sex cell= sperm or egg). . but not exactly equivalent. It seems to be breeding true. (Example: Curly wing and Star eye laboratory flies). In fancier's terms (which ought to move closer to the scientific usage) such stock or individual is not "split" (is not heterozygous). "Well!" some will cry. etc. or cattle. but half (1/4 + 1/4) of all its offspring in this stock die early. In genetics a rare situation called "balanced lethal" kills the "pure" (homozygous) individual very early (usually before they can be seen to be classified). "purebred" palomino horses never breed true but segregate for chestnut. or an individual. but they are not desirable specimens in themselves. and cremello. if a stock is truly completely purebred. Breeds true. tangerine doves never breed true. it will not segregate for any "character pair. segregating for pearled. A "split" individual can segregate for a character pair such as silky plumage versus normal feathers. tangerine.

They still segregate for alternative blood types. Moreover. BUT. in which case you'll get albino covering up (epistatic to) rosy. Then you would get an interaction cream color. I need to test them in outcrosses to non-frosty since frosty is some kind of dominant. But I have three or four that might be purebred (homozygous).. weight. Such generally hidden physiological characters will be found to segregate in any so-called purebred stock or species. Often I get asked a question like: "Hey Doc! Are your rosy doves purebred?" My hesitant answer is yes. and they will breed true for rosy.. "Got any purebred Frosty doves?" Nope! Not yet! All I have tested are heterozygous (split) for normal (= non-frosty). length of tail. The white spotting pattern in "purebred" black and white HolsteinFriesian cattle is never quite the same from individual to individual. maybe some simple genetics should be looked at -. yellow down. Some pigeon breeders do it! . but they are still pure (homozygous for rosy)..1 SO! How will you use "purebred?" I vote for "homozygous for one or a very few characters. [and maybe mulefoot (or whatever) will show up now and then]. hemoglobins.maybe a workshop at a big meeting every year.and "splashed white" [flecked blue and black]. Confused? Well.. If any one dove is purebred. it will yield all offspring frosty. It's not that hard. They might segregate for albino.. they might segregate for ivory. An example of the more common type of how "purebred" can be not pure could be Herefords looking all "alike" for white face. a red and white segregant may "pop out" of black and white parents as an infrequent variant. red sides and general size and conformation. they are homozygous for rosy." Your purebred fawn (blond) doves may be all fawn color. transferrins. peanut extract agglutination of red cells. but they are likely to be segregating for one or more of the following: thin bill ring. ..

J..7 . Silky chickens & color genetics. but note the exceptions in the above discussion. The DoveLine Nov/Dec 98 p. Breeders usually try to hide or choose not to reveal such occurrances..W... W..) Purebreds should be purebreeding. 1977. or whatever champion of show is discontinued after a period of time. Hollander would like to distinguish between "purebred" which is past history and purebreeding which is in the future. any "purebred" stock is likely to carry (rarely or infrequently) one or more recessive detrimental characters.. but often the new selected individuals for breeding free of the first detrimental may carry an unrelated detrimental! So breeding to one famous bull.. Goat genetics. J. Miller (modified 21 Aug 98) 1 Further. or dog.5-6 with a title change to PUREBREED!? (Note added 15 Sep 1998: Dr. Dominance. Miller.. They hope to weed out carriers. Purebred. Dominance Codominance and Epistasis Wilmer's main page . Purebred!? Iowa Science Teachers Journal 14: 37-38 [American Dove Association Newsletter] ADAN Sep/Oct 1991 p.