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5 Hands-On Lab
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Table of Contents
Welcome to ABigTelco Company............................................... 3 Introduction to ProSphere ........................................................ 3 How Do I Navigate the ProSphere UI?...................................... 5
Company Overview ............................................................................ 3 Overview of ProSphere ....................................................................... 3 How to Login to the ProSphere User Interface ....................................... 5 Navigating the ProSphere UI ............................................................... 7 Exploring the "Admin" Views .............................................................. 10 Creating Users in ProSphere .............................................................. 14 How Do I Create an Access Credential? ............................................... 22 How Do I Create a Discovery Job? ...................................................... 29 How to Configure Passive Host Discovery ............................................ 35
How Do I Discover Objects in ProSphere? .............................. 22
Performing Array Based Capacity Reporting Using the Capacity Dashboard .............................................................................. 41
Viewing Total Storage in the Environment ........................................... 41 Of the Usable Storage, How Much is Being Used? ................................. 47 What are the Characteristics of the Used Storage? ................................ 50 Using Filters and Sort in Explore View ................................................. 53 Analyzing Storage Utilization in Storage Pools ...................................... 59 Viewing Information about LUNs ........................................................ 67 Creating a Host-Based Showback Report ............................................. 74 Accessing the Array CI Dialog ............................................................ 80 View an End-to-End Map for a Virtual Machine ..................................... 85 Viewing Other Information for ESX Hosts............................................. 88 Displaying Performance Information for Passively Discovered Hosts ........ 92
Creating Custom Pages and Showback Reports ...................... 53
Viewing Detailed Information for Arrays ................................ 80 Utilizing ProSphere for Troubleshooting ................................. 85
Troubleshooting Switch Alerts within ProSphere.................... 97
Setting Performance Threshold Alerts ................................................. 97 Troubleshooting a Performance Issue Based on an Alert ...................... 100 Creating a Smart Group and Enabling Performance Data Collection ....... 105
Enabling Performance Collection for a Group of Objects ...... 105 Conclusion ............................................................................ 108
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Welcome to ABigTelco Company
This EMC Hands On Lab will introduce you to EMCs new storage resource management (SRM) software solution - ProSphere. You are the lead storage administrator at ABigTelco Company - a fast growing telecommunications company looking to grow even faster. You are tasked with monitoring the current storage environment and provisioning storage for new departments. You need a tool that helps you perform your daily monitoring activities as well as a tool that provides visibility into your current storage utilization. You have just deployed EMC ProSphere to help you address your SRM needs. EMC ProSphere is designed to be a lightweight, agent-less and scalable solution that simplifies storage resource management.
Introduction to ProSphere
Overview of ProSphere
Before we get started, lets take a look at the components that make up the ProSphere application. ProSphere is a lightweight, agent-less storage resource management solution. It is released as a vApp which means the software is provided as a pre-packaged set of VMs that deploy directly into your VMware environment. The ProSphere vApp is comprised of three or more servers. The servers and their purpose are listed below: ProSphere Manager - Responsible for all management of functionality and the web interface to ProSphere. Discovery Engine - Manages the discovery of objects.
ProSphere also provides the ability to passively discover hosts. It utilizes SMI-S to discover EMC Storage and Brocade SANs. It utilizes the VMware API to communicate to VirtualCenter. The virtual machines run in an ESX 4. ProSphere 1. It can communicate to Windows hosts via WMI or WSMAN and UNIX hosts via SSH. This method of discovery creates host objects based on the parsing of zone names.x environment and run SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 SP1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Historical Database .Repository for performance and capacity information.ProSphere 1. It can validate host names against DNS and provides the ability to show end-to-end relationships for hosts without ever communicating to the host. 4 . ProSphere 1.Optional VMs that perform discovery operations and allow for the scale-out of ProSphere. It utilizes SNMP to communicate to Cisco SANs.0 was the initial release and provided the ability to perform end-to-end host-to-storage performance troubleshooting. ProSphere is an agent-less solution. Collector . It relies on standards based protocols to communicate to objects in the storage environment for discovery.x or 5.5 was the second major release of ProSphere whose main feature was array-based capacity reporting.
5 . Start the Web Browser Open the ProSphere shortcut that is available on the desktop. As the lead storage administrator. you will utilize ProSphere to monitor the current storage environment. Acknowledge the Certificate Warning Select to Continue to this website on the the web browser security certificate screen.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 How Do I Navigate the ProSphere UI? How to Login to the ProSphere User Interface The lesson provides the steps needed to login to the ProSphere User Interface (UI). This lesson will simply launch the ProSphere UI with full Security Administrator privileges.
Enter Changme1! in the Password field. Initial ProSphere view . Select Login.ProSphere 1.The Dashboard The initial screen displayed upon login is the Storage Capacity Dashboard. We will explore various aspects of the Dashboard in additional lessons. 6 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Log in to ProSphere Enter appadmin in the User field.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Navigating the ProSphere UI This lesson will illustrate the UI components and features. You will need to become familiar with the basic layout of the ProSphere User Interface. The UI is built on Adobe FLEX and requires FLASH Player.Capacity Dashboard (shown) . Step through some of the various sections of the ProSphere UI to understand their purpose. As the lead storage administrator. you have implemented ProSphere to monitor your storage environment.ProSphere 1. Logout.Performance Dashboard 3. The sub views for the selected main view. The Basic UI Sections The UI is based on a common EMC standard that is being used by all EMC applications. The main function views 2. In this case. 1. you are looking at the Dashboard which has two sub views . and Help 7 . Search.
8 .Question mark provides access to the help screens which includes a complete set on online documentation 4. Provide the session information .ProSphere 1.User name that is logged in .ProSphere Application Server name 5.5 Hands-On Lab #19 . More detail is available when the applet is maximized.Logout door will end your session . .The Role of the user .Search is a feature will let you find an object using any combination of characters. Applet . Mouse over the pie graphs and you see what each section represents Drilling into an Applet Window 1. Maximize the Usable Capacity chart.Chart or graph that displays data.
Restore (return to the original view) We will explore this chart in more detail in a different lesson. 9 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Exploring a detailed view In the detailed view.Refresh . There four icons in the top right hand side of the window:(from left to right) . you will see the objects that are providing the data. 2.ProSphere 1.Help . 1. Select the Restore icon in the upper right-hand corner of the applet window. Observe that the window was restored to it's original size in the Dashboard view.Tools . Restoring the view 1.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Exploring the "Admin" Views
There are numerous administrative tasks that can be performed within ProSphere. This lesson will walk you through some of the administrative functions of ProSphere. As the lead storage administrator, it is your responsibility to administer ProSphere. Step through the various Administrative tasks to understand what you will be capable of doing within the ProSphere UI. View the Sub-Views
Mouse over any of the icons in the left hand side of the ProSphere UI to reveal the sub views. This example shows that there are 3 sub views under the Admin icon: - Users and Security - System - Alert Management
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Exploring the Admin features
Click on Admin > Users and Security to explore the Users and Security settings. 1. Manage Users - Add local and/or domain users to ProSphere. 2. Manage LDAP/AD Authentication - Add your corporate user authentication service for domain user authentication. 3. Import Certificate - Import a customer provided certificate. 4. Export Certificate - Export a secure ProSphere generated certificate for the customer to use. 5. Configure Synchronization Passphrase - Used to authenticate the communication between multiple ProSphere instances for federation of multiple sites. 6. Select System.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
The Admin, System Settings 1. Manage Application Software - Determine current versions of ProSphere VMs and apply updates to the ProSphere VMs through the UI. For those familiar with applying updates to ProSphere 1.0, updating through the VAMI interface is no longer necessary. 2. Import Performance Data - Import the ControlCenter WLA Archiver data for the objects that have been discovered in ProSphere. 3. Synchronize ProSphere Application - Federate multiple ProSphere Applications (sites) together. 4. Manage Licenses - Apply ProSphere licenses. 5. Manage Logs - Download ProSphere logs from the UI so that the can be utilized by EMC Customer Service for troubleshooting. 6. Configure ConnectEMC Service - Transfer event information directly to EMC Support. 7. Select Alert Management
2. Manage Alert Sources .Configure SNMP trap destinations to forward traps based on ProSphere alerts.Configure the thresholds for performance alerts.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1.Enable and disable alert sources from element managers. 13 . Manage Performance Alert Thresholds .ProSphere 1. Manage SNMP Trap Destinations . 3.
ProSphere 1. There are three different levels of security in ProSphere: Security Administrator Create and manage users Assign user roles Configure LDAP authentication Configure synchronization passphrase Import and Export secure certificate Modify system password Monitor system services Configure and manage data sources Upload licenses Create and manage discovery jobs Search for objects View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts Create a Group Enable path performance collection for the discovered objects System Administrator Modify system password Monitor system services Configure and manage data sources Upload licenses Create and manage discovery jobs Search for objects View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts Create a Group Enable path performance collection for the discovered objects User Search for objects Create and manage discovery jobs View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts 14 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Creating Users in ProSphere This lesson will step the user through creating different types of users within ProSphere.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 ProSphere has recently been deployed to monitor the storage environment. 2. . 15 . Select Manage Users.Create and test a local user named user that does not have any Administrative privileges within ProSphere. . 3. Select the Admin icon on the left hand side of the screen. Select the Users and Security tab. you are required to create users with different security roles.Create and test a local user named sysadmin that has all privileges within ProSphere except User Management. Access the User Management Interface 1.ProSphere 1. As the lead Storage Administrator.
This screenshot is provided to show the password requirements when creating a local user. Note that the password security requirements for local users will be displayed if the password that you enter does not meet the requirements. the Details window in the bottom of the screen will show which Role(s) are assigned to that user. 16 . When you select a User in the Manage Users section. Select Create User to create a new ProSphere user.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Existing Users and Authentication Methods This window shows all of the configured users in ProSphere and shows that whether the authentication method is Local or LDAP.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a local user
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Select Local in the Authentication Method pull-down. Enter user in the User name field. Enter EMCWorld2012! in the password filed Enter EMCWorld2012! in the Re-enter Password field. Select User from the Available Roles window. Select Add > to add the User role to the Selected Roles. Select OK to create the user user.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Verify Creation of "user"
Select user from the User Name list and verify that the only role assigned to it is User. Logout of the ProSphere UI by selecting the logout icon in the top right-hand side of the window.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Log into ProSphere as "user"
Login to ProSphere as user with a password of EMCWorld2012!
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Observe the UI After logging in as "user". note that you no longer have access to the Admin icon on the left hand side of the UI. Logout of the ProSphere UI Login to the ProSphere UI with the user appadmin and a password of Changeme1! 20 .
Logout of the ProSphere UI.ProSphere 1. 21 . Login to ProSphere with the sysadmin user.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a sysadmin User with System Administrator Privileges Use the same procedure to create a local user called "sysadmin" with a role of System Administrator.
Hint . Cisco SAN and VMware environment. ProSphere has just been installed in the environment and users have been created.Review the possible actions that are available to you under the Administration icon. The first step is to create access credentials which are used to access the various objects within ProSphere.ProSphere 1. you will need to create access credentials to discover your EMC storage. Access Credentials are used to define a communication protocol as well as authentication credentials for objects to be discovered within ProSphere. Logout of the ProSphere UI. The next step is to discover the SAN environment. 22 . As the lead storage administrator. Discovery in ProSphere is a two-step process.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Observe the UI Determine what operations are not allowed by the sysadmin user. Login to ProSphere with the appadmin user and a password of Changeme1! How Do I Discover Objects in ProSphere? How Do I Create an Access Credential? This lesson steps the user through the creation of Access Credentials within ProSphere.
Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI.Create an SNMP v3 Access Credential to discover the Cisco SAN Open the Access Credentials View 1. . 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19 .ProSphere 1.Create a VMware Access Credential to discover the ESX environment. Select Access Credentials 23 .Create an SMI-S Access Credential to discover EMC Storage .
View divider bar. 2. Groups. Objects List. Review the details of the Access Credential. This shows the configured access credentials. Discovery Jobs. Select the VMware .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Explore the Access Credentials View 1. In the Discovery view you have four sub-views: Access Credentials. 4. The bottom window shows the details for the selected Access Credential. 2. 1. The details show that it has been successfully used to complete a Discovery Job.cc-ro access credential. 3. 3.ProSphere 1. 24 . Select the divider bar and drag it downward to expose all of the configured access credentials.
5 and SMI-S 4. The EMC SMI-S Provider needs to the latest 4. Select SMI-S in the Type field. This is the password for the EMC SMI-S user. 1.2 version for ProSphere 1. Enter EMC Storage in the Name field. 3.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create an Access Credential for EMC Storage Discovery of EMC Arrays is performed by accessing the EMC SMI-S provider.6. This is the EMC SMI-S user. 8. Select Create Access Credential. 7. 4. Select OK to create the Access Credential. 5.3 version for ProSphere 1. Enter admin in the User Name field. Enter #1Password in the Password and Confirm Password fields. 25 .ProSphere 1. 6. 2. Leave the port at 5988. Leave the Interop Namespace set to interop.
2. Enter read-only in the User Name field. 3. 6. Select VMware Infrastructure in the Type pull-down list. 26 . Select OK to create the Access Credential.ProSphere 1. 7. 1. Enter VMware Environment in the Name field. Enter password in the Password and Confirm Password fields. 4. 5. Select Create Access Credential. 7.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create an Access Credential for VMware Discovery of VMware can be performed against an individual ESX server or against the VirtualCenter server. Leave the SSL Enabled box selected. Leave the port at 443. User privileges that are required for discovery consist of the Read-Only role with the addition of the Browse Datastore privilege.
2. This example steps you through the creation of an SNMP v3 Access Credential. Leave the Authentication Protocol set to MD5. This is the passphrase that is configured on the Cisco switch. AES or DES. The Authentication Protocol can be set to MD5 or SHA. 8. 3. 6. 5. Verify the Port is set to 161.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Creating an Access Credential for Cisco SAN Cisco discovery occurs over SNMP. Enter sanuser in the User Name field. Enter password in the Authentication Passphrase field. Enter Cisco SNMPv3 in the Name field. 27 . Select SNMP v3 in the Type pull-down list. 1. 7. 4. This is the secure user that is configured on your Cisco switches.ProSphere 1. Select Create Access Credential. ProSphere supports both SNMPv1/v2 as well as SNMP v3. The Privacy Protocol can be set to None. Set the Privacy Protocol set to AES.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 9.ProSphere 1. 28 . Select OK to create the Access Credential. 10. This is the passphrase that is configured on the Cisco switch. Enter password in the Privacy Passphrase field.
ProSphere 1. Discovery Jobs are used to define the IP addresses or hostnames that will be discovered. Create a Discovery Job that will discover EMC arrays.com and assign the EMC Storage Access Credential to it.acme. Since this demo system does not have access to live equipment. we will not be able to run an actual Discovery Job. we will simply step through the creation of a Discovery Job. Access the Discovery Jobs View 29 . As such.Create a Discovery Job for EMC arrays that have been discovered by the EMC SMI-S provider running on host emcsmi. They are used in conjunction with Access Credentials which provide the authorization information.5 Hands-On Lab #19 How Do I Create a Discovery Job? This lesson steps the user through the creation of Discovery Jobs within ProSphere. .
Select Discovery Jobs Explore the Discovery Jobs View 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1. 3. The bottom window shows detailed information about the selected Discovery Job. enable and disable a job. 2. and delete a job. 30 . Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI. The top window shows basic information about the configured Discovery Jobs. You can create a job.ProSphere 1. edit a job. Configure Host Resolution is used to perform passive host discovery which is discussed in a different lesson. run a job on demand. 2. You can select the date/timestamp hyperlink to view the discovery log. These are the functions available for creating and modifying a Discovery Job.
Enter EMC Storage in the Job Name field. 3.Job Information 1.ProSphere 1. Select Next.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage . 31 . Select Create Job. 2.
3. Select Next >.acme.Set Scope This step informs ProSphere what object type(s) should be detected for the Discovery Job. Note that you can select multiple object types. For EMC Arrays. It also informs ProSphere which host(s) to communicate to for the Discovery Job. you will point to the host running the EMC SMI-S provider. 2. Check the Arrays box.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage . Enter emcsmi. 1.com in the INCLUDE field. 32 .ProSphere 1.
2. 3. 33 . Select Add.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage .ProSphere 1.Select Access Credentials 1. Highlight the EMC Storage Access Credential. Select Next >.
34 . It should be noted that the Discovery Job will only perform the initial detection of the object(s).ProSphere 1. It will only perform detection and discovery of new objects that are added to the environment.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage . Note: if you see the error “A Schedule’s start time cannot be in the past.Automatic updating based on change indications 3 .Set Schedule The final step allows you to set a schedule for the Discovery Job.Manually rediscovering the object in the Objects View 2 .Automatically updated based on internal rediscovery intervals Select Finish to create the EMC Storage Discovery Job. Please enter a valid start time” increment the date and/or time to some time in the future. the Discovery Job does not discover objects that have previously been discovered in ProSphere. Rediscoveries are handled via one of three methods: 1 . Once an object is discovered in ProSphere.
you want to passively discover these hosts within ProSphere to gain some visibility to their storage allocation. since ProSphere is able to determine the LUNs that are allocated to each HBA port. you will be able to view the performance for the array LUNs that are allocated to passively discovered hosts.6 will allow you to report on allocated storage to passively discovered hosts. ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 How to Configure Passive Host Discovery Passive discovery allows for the creation of host objects within ProSphere without performing any communication to the host. you need to gain access to some hosts in which the system administrators will not allow you to actively discover. the performance charts for host devices will not be populated. However. The limitations for this method are that ProSphere can not gather any specific information about host devices. As such. and then creating the host object with the corresponding HBA ports. optionally validating those host names against DNS. As such. This is accomplished by parsing the zone names for host names. Your zone naming convention is as follows: <hostname>_<symm serial #>_<FA port> for example: lglob211_0287_7G0 35 .ProSphere 1. As the lead storage administrator. This will allow a user to see an end-to-end view of of hosts to storage without the need to communicate to that host.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the Configure Host Resolution button 36 .ProSphere 1.
You will need to select the Configure Host Resolution button to reopen the window. 2 .Does not use DNS to validate that the host name exists.Without using DNS .Independent validation by DNS .Does not attempt to resolve hosts if DNS validation fails. 37 . Leave the DNS options set to Upon successful validation by DNS. There are three options for validating hostnames with DNS: 1 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 1.Attempts to resolve hosts even if DNS validation fails. 3 .Upon successful validation by DNS . The Configure Host Resolution window will close.ProSphere 1. 2. Select the box next to Resolve Hosts. Select OK.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Modify Zone Name Template There are five Zone Name Templates that are pre-configured. 38 . You will modify an existing template to match your zone naming scheme which is <hostname>_<symm serial #>_<FA port> Change the zone template in the fourth row to match your zone naming convention: %h%_*_* Select Resolve Now to perform the passive host discovery.ProSphere 1.
ProSphere 1. 39 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 This pop-up message will be displayed indicating that the discovery operation is active.
Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI. Select Hosts.ProSphere 1.You will see two hosts that have been passively discovered: lglob211 and lglob212. 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Objects List View 1. 40 . Hosts that are created by passive discovery will have a value of System in the Created By column. 3. Select Objects List. Review Passively Discovered Host Results Select the Created By column two times to sort from high to low.
Utilize ProSphere to determine how much raw storage is in the enterprise.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Note that the Operating System and Operating System Version columns are empty.Determine if Hopkinton has enough unconfigured storage to provision 100TB of storage to a new organization. .Determine if New York can meet the 100TB request with unconfigured storage. The company is in the process of expanding and a new department will require 50TB of RAID1 storage (100TB raw storage). . We will explore the performance capabilities of passively discovered hosts in a separate lesson. 41 . Passively discovered hosts can be enabled to pull in performance data for the corresponding switch ports. This is because there is no direct communication with the host and therefore no way to obtain this information. Performing Array Based Capacity Reporting Using the Capacity Dashboard Viewing Total Storage in the Environment This lesson steps the user through using the Raw Capacity Usage chart to understand the total amount of storage in the environment. In this case we see that the Path Performance Collection shows that collections are ON. . The Discovery Status column will show N/A for passively discovered hosts. . FA ports and array LUNs. determine how much has been configured to be used.ProSphere 1.Of the total raw storage. .Determine how much raw storage is unconfigured.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Capacity Dashboard Select Dashboard. Review the Raw Capacity Usage chart 42 .ProSphere 1. Select the Capacity tab.
Configured Usable .ProSphere 1.RAID Overhead .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Mouse over the various areas of the chart to see the following total capacities in the environment: .Total Raw . 43 .Unconfigured .Hot Spares The chart shows that there is approximately 157TB of Unconfigured storage. Maximize the Raw Capacity Usage chart Select the Maximize icon in the top right hand corner of the Raw Capacity Usage Chart. This appears to meet the demand for 50TB of RAID1 storage.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Analyze Capacity for Arrays and Sites Review the chart details in the bottom half of the window to see the various capacities for each array. Note that the right-hand column contains a customized ProSphere Application name. 44 . Customize the Displayed Columns Select the Tools Icon in the upper right-hand corner of the window.ProSphere 1.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Remove columns from the display Highlight Configured Usable (GB). Array Type.ProSphere 1. Select the ProSphere Application column header to sort the information by site 45 . Serial Number and RAID Overhead (GB) in the Selected columns window (Use the Ctrl key to select multiple entries) Select < Remove to remove them from the Selected columns window Select OK Sort the information based on the ProSphere Application column.
This shows that there is approximately 46TB of total unconfigured storage on the four Hopkinton arrays. Thus. only the New York site can meet the storage request.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine which site(s) can meet the 50GB RAID1 storage request Review the Unconfigured (GB) capacity column for the Hopkinton arrays and New York arrays.ProSphere 1. There is approximately 111TB of total unconfigured storage for the two New York arrays. Restore the Raw Capacity Usage chart to its original size Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window 46 .
Maximize the Usable Capacity chart 47 . .Determine if the Hopkinton arrays have enough free storage to meet the 30TB demand . The request is now that the unconfigured storage be configured for 20TB of RAID1 storage.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Of the Usable Storage.ProSphere 1. Given that department location will not change. How Much is Being Used? This lesson steps the user through using the Usable Capacity chart to understand how much the configured storage is being used.Determine how much free pool storage is in the environment . The remaining 30TB can be from any configured storage that is not being used.Determine if the Hopkinton arrays have enough free pool storage to meet the 30TB demand.Utilize ProSphere to determine the how much configured storage is being used in the entire environment .Determine how much free storage is in the environment . they have removed the restriction that it all must be RAID1. Management has decided that the new department will be located in Hopkinton and asks you to investigate if there is configured storage that is not being used that can help to meet the request of 50TB of storage.
Also.ProSphere 1. The pie chart allows you to quickly see that there is approximately 93TB of Used storage in the environment. Sort the information based on the ProSphere Application column 48 . Free and Pool Free storage in the entire environment. there is over 100TB of configured free storage in the environment as well as almost 43TB of pool free storage.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the Maximize icon in the top right-hand corner of the Usable Capacity chart Review the total usable capacity information for the entire environment Review the pie chart in the upper-half of the screen to understand the Used.
Restore the Usable Capacity chart to its original size Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window 49 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the ProSphere Application column header to sort the information by site Review the Free and Pool Free columns for the Hopkinton arrays Review the Free column for the four Hopkinton arrays. Note that in order to meet the additional 30TB demand. there is available storage on the Hopkinton arrays to meet the 30TB request. You can quickly see that Symmetrix 0149 has approximately 50TB of Free storage.ProSphere 1. As such. the additional 30TB of storage needed for the new department can easily be handled by the Free space on Symmetrix 0149. As far as Pool Free storage. the storage will need to come from a CX4 array.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 What are the Characteristics of the Used Storage? This lesson steps the user through using the Used Capacity by Purpose chart to understand how much of the usable storage is primary.Determine the total amount of Primary Used storage in the environment . Management has requested detailed information about the storage that is currently used. . remote replica or system used.Determine which array in New York has the most Primary Used Storage 50 .Determine the total amount of System storage used in the environment .Determine the total amount of Local Replica storage used in the environment . They would also like to understand how much storage is being used for local and remote replica. local replica. Specifically they want to know how much of the used storage is primary storage being directly used by applications and want to know which array has the most used storage in both Hopkinton and New York.ProSphere 1.Determine which array in Hopkinton has the most Primary Used storage .Determine the total amount of Remote Replica storage used in the environment .
This chart shows that the majority of used storage in 51 .ProSphere 1. Local Replica Used.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Maximize the Used Capacity by Purpose chart Select the maximize icon in the upper right-hand corner of the Used Capacity by Purpose chart. Review the total used capacities Review the pie chart to understand the total Primary Used. Remote Replica Used and System Used capacities in the environment.
There is approximately 180GB of Local Replica Used storage and only 2. The table shows that CX4 960 with serial number ending 0345 has the most Primary Used storage in Hopkinton with 27 TB.5 Hands-On Lab #19 the environment is Primary storage. Review the used capacities for individual arrays Review the array detail information in the table at the bottom of the screen to see which array has the most Primary Used storage in each site.ProSphere 1. Symmetrix 0354 has the most Primary Used storage in New York with 32 TB.10 GB of Remote Replica Used storage. Restore the Used Capacity by Purpose chart to its original size Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window 52 .
ProSphere 1.Verify that the page can be closed and reopened Access the Explore View for storage arrays 1. As the lead storage administrator. The information of most interest to you includes the Array. Free capacity. you would like to have specific summary level information about each array on a single page that can be accessed at any time.Use Explore View to create a custom page . 2. Configured capacity including RAID. It will allow the user to create custom pages that displays a specific set of columns a well as a filtered set of columns. Select Storage. Unconfigured capacity. 53 . Firmware. Select Arrays.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Creating Custom Pages and Showback Reports Using Filters and Sort in Explore View This lesson will introduce the user to the Explore View that was introduced in ProSphere 1.Use tools to select specific columns of interest . Pool Free capacity and site name. 3.5.Rename the page to Arrays Summary . Select Explore. .
Create a custom page with specific columns Select the Tools icon in the top right-hand corner of the window to access the Select Columns window 54 .ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review available columns in Arrays tab Utilize the scroll bar at the bottom of the screen to view the full set of information displayed in this page.
Array Model. System Used (GB). Array Type. Unusable (GB). % Pool Subscribed. Primary Used (GB). and Array Health Select OK to create the new page. Pool Subscribed (GB). Hot Spares (GB). Remote Replica Used (GB). Used (GB). Total Raw (GB). % Pool Used. Pool Usable (GB).ProSphere 1. Note that you can select multiple columns by holding down the Ctrl key. 55 . Configured Usable (GB). Local Replica Used (GB).5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select specific columns Remove the following columns from the page by highlighting each one and selecting Remove. RAID Overhead (GB).
It appends a number to the original page name. Your page name may have a different number. Note that ProSphere automatically creates and saves the page. Double-click the Arrays (4) name to bring up the Rename window 2. Enter Arrays Summary in the New Name field of the Rename window 3. Select OK to change the name 56 . in this example it shows Arrays (4).ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the custom arrays page that was created A custom page will be created that contains only the specific columns that were not removed. Rename the page to Array Summary 1.
Close the Arrays Summary page Select the small "x" next to the Arrays Summary name to remove the page from the display. Select the green "+" sign 2. Select Open Existing Page 57 . This page is now saved and can be closed and reopened at any time. Reopen the Arrays Summary page 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Verify Report is Renamed The tab will now show the name of the page as Arrays Summary.ProSphere 1.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the Arrays Summary page from the list.ProSphere 1. The Arrays Summary page will now be available in the UI. 58 . Note that the built-in pages do not have the option to be deleted.
Use the Capacity Dashboard to quickly understand pool utilization in the environment . Select the Capacity tab.Use the Explore View to create a custom page that displays thin pools that are greater than 70% utilized Access the Capacity Dashboard Select Dashboard.ProSphere 1. As a storage administrator.Drill down to view details about the associated LUNs for a specific storage pool . .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Analyzing Storage Utilization in Storage Pools This lesson explains how to utilize ProSphere to analyze information about Storage Pools. 59 . you are required to monitor storage pools in the environment and understand their utilization.
scroll down to view the Usable Capacity by Pools table. By default. the pools are displayed showing the highest % Pool Used at the top of the table. Review Information for TestThinPool in Maximized Chart Review the additional information available for the TestThinPool. This table quickly shows that TestThinPool is at 89% used. % Pool Used. The table now shows Pool Type. Maximize the Usable Capacity by Pools table Select the Maximize icon in the top right hand corner of the Usable Capacity by Pools table. Pool Usable.ProSphere 1. % Pool Subscribed and ProSphere Application columns.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Usable Capacity by Pools Table If necessary. 60 .
23 GB in size. Review LUN Contributors Details for TestThinPool Select the LUN Contributors tab to review the data devices that provide storage for the storage pool. They all reside on SATA disks. The Consumers tab shows those host-accessible thin devices that are consuming storage from the thin pool.ProSphere 1. This will show that that data devices have a RAID-1 protection and are 11. Review Consumers Details for TestThinPool With TestThinPool highlighted in the top half of the screen.5 Hands-On Lab #19 This shows that (as the name implies) TestThinPool is indeed a Thin Pool. 61 . review the Details window at the bottom of the screen.
62 . This shows the amount of enabled storage in the pool.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Disk Contributors Details for TestThinPool Select the Disk Contributors tab to review the physical disks that are members of the thin pool. the amount of subscribed storage from the pool as well as the amount of oversubscribed storage from the pool. Review Subscription Details for TestThinPool Select the Subscriptions tab. This shows that the disk contributors are all 7200 RPM SATA devices.ProSphere 1.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Pools Page in the Explore View Select Explore. Select Storage. Show the Filters Select Show Filter from the icon in the top right hand side of the window.ProSphere 1. Select the Pools tab. 63 .
Select Custom. Select the box next to Thin Pool. The page will now only shows pools that have a pool type of Thin Pool. Select OK.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter to Show Thin Pools 1. 2. 3. 64 . Select the pull-down menu for the Pool Type column.ProSphere 1. Create a Filter for % Pool Used > 70 Select the pull-down arrow above the % Pool Used column.
Review the Results The results show that the only thin pool in the environment that currently exceeds 70% utilization is TestThinPool.ProSphere 1. Select OK. Enter a value of 70. 65 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select > (Greater Than) from the resulting pull-down menu.
Select OK. Provide a custom page name in the Rename window. 2.ProSphere 1. Double-click on the existing name in the tab. In this case it was Pools (5). 66 . 3. The page is now saved with the custom name and can be closed and re-opened at any time.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Rename the Custom Page 1. The number on your page may be different.
you've received an allocation request in Hopkinton for a 60GB device and want to view all unused LUNs that are between 50GB and 100GB in size to address this request. Select the LUNs tab. Select Explore. The sorting and filter can be used to create permanent customized pages or used to create one-off pages that are used to meet random demands. Access the Explore View for LUNs 1.Create a page that displays all unused LUNs that are between 50 and 100 GB. Select Storage. 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Viewing Information about LUNs This lesson introduces the LUNs tab that is available under the Explore View.Create a page that displays LUNs that are mapped to front-end ports. . you want to create a page that displays Mapped and Unmasked devices for all arrays in the environment for possible storage reclamation.ProSphere 1. but are not masked to any hosts. . 3. Also. As a storage administrator. The purpose of the LUNs tab is to show detailed property and capacity information for all of the LUNs in the environment. 67 .
Select the pull-down menu for the Is Mapped? column. 68 . Select the Yes box. Select OK. Create a Filter to show Mapped Devices 1. The page will now show only those devices that are Mapped.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Show the Filters Select Show Filter from the icon in the top right hand side of the window.ProSphere 1. 2. 3.
Select OK. Rename the Custom Page 1.ProSphere 1. In this case it was LUNs (11). 69 . The number on your page may be different. Double-click on the existing name in the tab. 2. Select the No box. The page will now show devices that are mapped but not masked. 3.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter to show Devices that are not Masked 1. These are devices that could potentially be reclaimed as they are not masked to any hosts. Select OK. Select the pull-down menu for the Is Masked? column. Provide a custom page name in the Rename window. 3. 2.
Locate and select the LUNs page. 2. Select Open Existing Page. Open the Built-in LUNs page 1. Select the "+" sign at the right side of the page tabs. 70 . The built-in LUNs page will now be displayed.5 Hands-On Lab #19 The page is now saved with the custom name and can be closed and re-opened at any time.ProSphere 1.
Select the No box. Select OK. Create a Filter for Unused Devices Select the pull-down menu for the Is Used? column.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Show the Filters Select the Filter icon on the top right-hand side of the window. 71 .ProSphere 1. Select Show Filter.
ProSphere 1. 72 . With the operator set to _ (Between). Enter Hopk for the value for the Contains operator.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter for the Hopkinton Site Select the pull-down menu for ProSphere Application column. Create a Filter for the LUN Size Select the pull-down menu for the LUN Capacity column. Select Custom. Select OK. enter 50 and 100 in the LUN Capacity (GB) filter. Select OK.
ProSphere 1. Note that the columns in the above screenshot have been moved to show the three filtered columns together.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Results The resulting page will show all unused devices from Hopkinton that are between 50GB and 100GB. 73 . Any of these devices can be used to meet the 60GB storage request.
. . Reporting will show storage based on built-in or user-defined service levels.ProSphere 1. Note that ProSphere 1. 74 . free and used for each Service Level.Create a chargeback/showback report that shows the allocated storage for host lglob110.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Creating a Host-Based Showback Report ProSphere 1.View the Service Level by Array page to determine the amount of free storage by service level for each array in Hopkinton.6 will provide the ability to view storage allocated to passively discovered hosts. You have also been asked to provide a chargeback report for host "lglob110" to show the various types of storage allocated to that host. Host reporting is an array allocated based report based on storage allocated to the actively discovered host HBAs. As the storage administrator.5 provides the ability to perform array-based service level reporting as well as host chargeback/showback reporting.Utilize the Explore View to view the configured Service Levels in the environment. . you want to see a service level report for each array in your environment showing how much storage is configured. You have been requested to provide 1 TB of "Gold" storage for an application to be deployed in Hopkinton.
Select Explore. 75 .ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Explore View for Service Levels 1. 3. Select Service Levels. Select the Service Levels tab. 2.
This shows that the Silver Service Level consists of the Pre Defined Silver Tier that includes any RAID 5 Fibre Channel device as well as the User Defined Silver RAID 6 FC Tier that includes any Fibre Channel RAID6 device. This shows that there is over 5TB of "Gold" storage that is reported in the Service Level Free column. Select the Silver Service level in the top half of the screen. 76 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Current Service Level Storage 1. 4. Review the Service Level capacity information for each Service Level.ProSphere 1. This may be sufficient to meet the storage request. 2. 3. You will need to determine if this storage is available in Hopkinton. Review the details of the Tiers of storage that make up the Silver Service Level in the bottom half of the screen.
Open the Host by Service Level page Select the Host by Service Level tab. 77 . Review the Service Levels for Hopkinton Review the various Service Level capacities for the Hopkinton-based arrays.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine the Amount of Storage per Service Level for each Array Select the Array by Service Level tab.ProSphere 1. This shows that there is approximately 2TB of free gold storage for Symmetrix 287 which is sufficient to meet the 1TB storage request.
3. 78 . Enter lglob110 as the value for Contains operator. Open the Filters Select Show Filter from under the Filter icon in the top right-hand side of the window. Select OK. Select the pull-down menu for the Host column. 2.ProSphere 1. Create a Filter for Host "lglob110" 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 This page will show the allocated storage to each actively discovered host in ProSphere.
ProSphere 1. Enter a custom name for your page in the Rename window. 79 . 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Results The results show that there are 4 different Service Levels presented to host lglob110: Gold Gold SAS Silver SAS Bronze Rename the Custom Page 1. 3. This page can now be closed and re-opened at any time. Select OK to save the lglob110 host chargeback/showback page. Double-click the Host by Service Level (6) tab. Note that you may have a different number in your page name.
80 .Open the CI dialog by selecting the hyperlink in the maximized Raw Capacity Details chart .ProSphere 1. Select the maximize icon to maximize the Raw Capacity Usage chart. You want to understand the performance of the front-end directors and want to be able to understand the storage utilization. Select the Dashboard icon in the left hand side of the ProSphere UI 2.Determine what is the smallest VMAX array for the Hopkinton site . As a Storage Administrator. you want to view detailed attributes. performance and capacity information. you are interested in seeing detailed information about the smaller VMAX array in Hopkinton. Specifically.View Raw Capacity Usage chart for all arrays on the Capacity Dashboard . .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Viewing Detailed Information for Arrays Accessing the Array CI Dialog This lesson shows a user two different ways to access the Configuration Item (CI) dialog for an array. Select Capacity 3.Open the CI dialog by searching for the array Access the Raw Capacity Usage Chart on the Capacity Dashboard 1.
we can see that array 0287 is the smallest. Select the hyperlink for Symmetrix 0287 to open the CI dialog for the array. We can quickly see that there are two VMAX arrays in Hopkinton: 0149 and 0287.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine which VMAX Array is the Smallest in Hopkinton Review the details of the Raw Capacity Usage chart to determine which VMAX array in Hopkinton is the smallest. Of the two VMAX arrays. To determine "smallest" we will look for the array that has the least Total Raw (GB) storage. 81 .
2. Select the Maximize icon for the Usable Capacity chart to view details of of the Usable Capacity for Symmetrix 0287. You will notice that this table includes capacity information about the Thick LUNs as well as all of the Pool capacity. Select the Free (GB) column two times to perform a descending sort on the column.ProSphere 1. the CI Dialog automatically opens the Capacity tab in the Details window at the bottom of the UI. 82 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Capacity Chart for Array 0287 Since the hyperlink was selected from the Capacity Dashboard. 1.
In a live environment. Accessing Array CI Dialog via Search 1.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 3. Microcode. 83 . 2. you would be able to launch directly into Symmetrix Management Console (SMC) to perform various operations in SMC such as storage provisioning. Select the magnifying glass icon to search for the string. We will investigate the Performance tab in a separate lesson. Enter 0149 in the search field in the top right-hand corner of the UI. View Array Attributes The Attributes tab shows various information such as Model. and SMC Element Managers. Select the Attributes tab.
This is because you selected the hyperlink from the search results as opposed to from a capacity chart in the Capacity Dashboard. Notice that the default tab that is opened is now the Attributes tab. View CI Dialog for Symmetrix 0149 The CI Dialog for Symmetrix 0149 is opened.ProSphere 1. 84 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the hyperlink for Symmetrix 0149 in the search results window.
Search for lglac111 by entering lglac111 in the search field. It provides the ability to understand the layout of your VMware environment and it can be performed with as few as two clicks of the mouse. you want to understand the configuration of lglac111 as quickly as possible. SAN and storage. You have had an inquiry about an application running on virtual machine lglac111. Select lglac111 from the Search results window.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Utilizing ProSphere for Troubleshooting View an End-to-End Map for a Virtual Machine ProSphere is designed to quickly obtain and end-to-end view of host. 2. As the lead storage administrator. As such.Search for lglac111 . datastore. you occasionally need to understand the layout of your VMware environment.View all other VMs running on the corresponding ESX server Search for host lglac111 1. ESX server. 85 .View end-to-end map for lglac111 . You need to understand the relationship between virtual machine. SAN and storage.ProSphere 1. .
86 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 View End-to-End Map The CI dialog for lglac111 is immediately displayed showing an end-toend view from lglac111 to its visible storage.ProSphere 1. All of this information is easily displayed with just two mouse clicks. Select the ESX server lglac020 in the map. The map shows that the ESX server has two paths to four different storage arrays and it displays the two fabrics that are relevant for this host. Determine the Corresponding Array LUN for the Datastore 1. We can also see that it resides on datastore RoyVMStore1-symm0149. We can immediately see that virtual machine lglac111 resides on ESX server lglac020. This changes the focus of the Details window to the ESX Server.
87 . Note that you will see multiple entries for Roy-VMStore1-symm0149 listed in the path details tab. The ESX server sees each of these different paths as a different host device. array LUN and array serial number for the datastore.5 Hands-On Lab #19 2. Each of these entries represents a different path to the storage. 3. You have now mapped lglac111 to the ESX server. You can now see the ESX host device. Scroll down to find Roy-VMStore1-symm0149. datastore. array and array LUN.ProSphere 1. Select the Path Details tab.
You can view the various properties of your ESX server in this window.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Viewing Other Information for ESX Hosts ProSphere provides various information about your ESX environment. Double-click on host lglac020 in the map to view the HBA ports (you can also right-click the and select Open Host) 2. You have just seen how to quickly understand the end-to-end mapping of a virtual machine.ProSphere 1. 1. If not. View the Attributes of the ESX Server You should already have ESX Server lglac020 available in the map. search for host lglac111 and select lglac020 in the map. 88 . This lesson shows additional information available to you for the ESX Server. Select the Attributes tab if it is not already selected.
They are accessible under the Performance tab. Viewing HBA Port Connectivity Select the Connectivity tab. Performance Graphs ProSphere provides various key performance indicator metrics for ESX servers.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Viewing Virtual Machines on an ESX Server Select the VMs tab. This section introduces you to those metrics.ProSphere 1. This view shows the HBA port mappings to the corresponding switch ports. This view shows you all of the VMs that are currently running on this ESX server. 89 .
The Performance tab show the six performance graphs related to the host. The Host Devices . The Host Devices .Response Time metric is calculated as follows: (Queue Length + IOs per second) 90 .IO metric is the number of I/O operations performed each second by the host device.Response Time The Host Devices – Response Time metric is the total of service and wait time in milliseconds required by the host device. 1.ProSphere 1. 2. Set the date range from April 20 2012 to April 21 2012. Select Custom. Host Devices IO The Host Devices . Host Devices . 3. 4. Select the Performance tab.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1.IO metric is calculated as follows: (reads per sec) + (writes per sec) 2. Select OK.
Host Devices . Host CPU Utilization ProSphere displays a Host CPU Utilization chart in the Host Performance view when you display a host as the subject of a map in a CI dialog box. The Port Link Utilization metric is calculated as follows: 100 * (#KbytesReceivedPerSec + #KbytesTransmittedPerSec) / #Speed 4.Queue Length The Host Devices – Queue Length metric displays the average depth of the IO queue for the host device.Throughput The Host Devices .Throughput metric is calculated as follows: (Kbytes read per sec) + (Kbytes written per sec) 5.Throughput metric shows the total number of kilobytes read and written each second by all of the host devices. 6. A graph of this metric also appears in the Performance tab when a map shows a host as its subject. Port link Utilization The Port Link Utilization metric reflects the percentage of time that switch ports connected to this host are actively transmitting data. The Host Devices . Host Devices .ProSphere 1. The Port Link Utilization chart displays a line for each switch port connected to the host.5 Hands-On Lab #19 3. 91 .
The system administrator will not allow any remote access to the host and therefore you are unable to actively discover it within ProSphere. 92 . You have utilized the Passive Discovery feature of ProSphere to extract the hostname and HBA WWN information for the host. you would like to view performance statistics related to a production host "lglob212".Utilize ProSphere to view the performance data on the corresponding array LUNs that are allocated to host lglob212. Enter 212 into the search field in the upper right hand corner of the UI. As the lead storage administrator.Utilize ProSphere to view the performance data for the switch ports that are connected to the host HBAs . Search for Host lglob212 1. The hostname and HBA WWNs are derived from the zone name information and the switch login information.ProSphere 1. A passively discovered host is a host which is populated in the ProSphere UI in which no direct communications occurs to the host. The advantage of this to the storage administrator is that no agents need to be installed on a host and no authorization credentials are required to log into the host.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Displaying Performance Information for Passively Discovered Hosts This lesson will step the user through the information available for a passively discovered host. .Utilize search to find lglob212 within ProSphere and view an end-toend map of the host .
View End-to-End Map 1. 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19 2. 3. Double-click on the lglob156 fabric to view the actual switch port connection(s). Note that the the zoom features were used to generate the above display.ProSphere 1. Double click on host lglob212 to view the host HBA connections. Select the search icon to search for the string. View Performance Data from Host 93 . Select lglob212 from the Search results window.
Use the calendar to select April 24 2012 as the To date. 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1. Select Custom to choose custom dates for the performance data. 2. 2. You will notice that only the Port Link Utilization chart is populated. 94 . This is because you are trying to view current data and the demo system only has performance data through April 24th. Select OK. You will notice that none of the graphs are populated with data. Use the calendar to select April 22 2012 as that From date. Make sure host lglob212 is selected in the map and then select the Performance tab in the lower window.ProSphere 1. 3. This is because we do not actively communicate to the host to obtain host level performance metrics.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 View Performance Data from Array Select Symmetrix array 0287 in the map.ProSphere 1. Set the date range from April 22 2012 to April 24 2012. This will change the focus of the bottom Details window to the Symmetrix. Again the performance charts will be blank because the view defaults to the current day. Select LUNs from host lglob212 95 . Set Date Range Select Custom to set the date range.
ProSphere 1. You will find LUNs D8F and D90 are both allocated to host lglob212. This will open the Select Array LUNs window.5 Hands-On Lab #19 You will notice that the FE director and port charts are now populated. Select the boxes next to devices D8F and D90 and select OK. Select the ellipse next to the <select LUNs> box. View Array LUN data for lglob212 96 . Scroll down to find the LUNs allocated to host lglob212.
Troubleshooting Switch Alerts within ProSphere Setting Performance Threshold Alerts ProSphere 1.ProSphere 1. You've noticed that there are a large number of performance alerts being generated and that the alert values seem to be quite low. As the lead Storage Administrator. Given the limited IO on this host. you have been utilizing ProSphere to monitor the storage environment. You want to see the current settings and possibly set the thresholds to more reasonable values to eliminate some of the non-critical alerts... 97 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 You will now notice that the Array LUNs performance charts are populated. it makes you wonder why the system administrator is so concerned about allowing you access to this host. This lesson will step you through the alerting features of ProSphere and will allow you to change the performance thresholds.5 provides the ability to set thresholds to trigger various key performance-related alerts.
Select the Admin icon in the left hand side of the UI.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Set Alert Thresholds for Performance 1. 2. Select Alert Management 3. Select the Manage Performance Alert Thresholds Setting Performance Alert Thresholds 98 .
you can reset all of the settings to the default by setting the Reset button.ProSphere 1. 99 . Note that by default. all of the alerts are disabled so selecting Reset will not only set the thresholds to their default values. Also. You can disable any of the alerts by deselecting the box in the Enable column. Someone has enabled all of the performance alerts and has set the Warning thresholds to 2%.5 Hands-On Lab #19 You now see why you are receiving so many alerts. Change the Warning percentage to 70 for all 5 Warning thresholds. it will also disable all of the alerts. Select OK to save the settings.
You want to investigate the highlighted alert which is a Switch Port Link Utilization alert on switch losbe175. View the high switch port utilization alert in the Alerts View Determine which port is affected Determine the connected port and what type of object it is Determine if there is a host that has an increased IO load during this time that may have contributed to the issue Open the Alerts View Select the Operations icon on the left hand side of the UI.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Troubleshooting a Performance Issue Based on an Alert This lesson will step you through viewing a switch port link utilization alert and troubleshooting the potential performance issues due to the alert. you are utilizing ProSphere to monitor various performance metrics in the storage environment. You find that you've received a warning alert for high switch port utilization and want ot investigate the alert. 100 . As a storage administrator. The bottom half of the window shows details for the alert. This will open the Alerts View. The alert occurred on WWN 202800053376A338 and shows a utilization of 72%.ProSphere 1.
the time the alert last occurred and if the alert has been closed or acknowledged.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the Timeline tab in the bottom window. To view details about the switch. This will show a detailed timeline of the alert including the time of creation. We now know the alert first occurred on April 20 2012. Open the Switch CI Dialog 1.ProSphere 1. Select the CI hyperlink to open the CI dialog for switch losbe175. 101 . 2. select the Alert and CI tab.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Find the Affected Port in CI Dialog Select the Connectivity tab to view the connected nodes of the switch. You will find that it is an E port that resides on port 40 of switch losbe175. We now know that the high port link utilization alert was triggered against the ISL link between switch losbe175 and losam023 and this ISL is potentially overloaded. 102 . We can see that the running speed of the port is 4GB.ProSphere 1. Scroll down to find the relevant switch port with WWN 202800053376A338. The connected port WWN is 200F0005E35C030 and we can see that it is connected to Port 15 of switch losam023. As such. you may need to add an ISL link to share the load or determine if there is a single host that is causing the issue.
ISL ports 3. host ports 2. View Port Throughput Metrics for ISLs and Hosts. Select Custom and set the date range from April 20 2012 to April 21 2012. We know from the alert timeline that the alert was created on April 20 2012. The switch statistics are broken up into three categories: 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Investigate Performance Metrics at Time of Alert Select the Performance tab to view performance metrics for the switch ports. array ports 103 . Select OK.ProSphere 1.
Hosts Chart 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 The Port Throughput –ISLs chart shows Port Throughput increased dramatically on April 20. 4. Minimize the Port Throughput .Hosts chart. Select the Maximize icon in the Port Throughput . 104 . We can also see that the Port Throughput on the Array ports jumped at the same time. Determine the Connected Host Select the Connectivity tab and scroll down to determine what is connected to switch port 201500053376A338.ProSphere 1.Host chart to see what host increased its IO load at this time. We can see that an IO spike began occurring at 11:08 for switch WWN 201500053376A338. Highlight the line in the chart to see the WWN of the switch port registering the IO spike. 2. View Maximized Port Throughput .
Create a Smart Group that contains non-Windows hosts . There are two types of groups in Prosphere: Groups and Smart Groups. For example. you want to set the performance interval for these hosts to 60 minutes.Change the collection interval for the Smart Group to 60 minutes. you could create a group for all hosts with an Operating System of Windows and are Virtual Machines. You can choose to further investigate the host performance metrics for host lglac015 at this point. Enabling Performance Collection for a Group of Objects Creating a Smart Group and Enabling Performance Data Collection ProSphere provides the ability to create groups of objects. Because you know that these hosts are not supporting critical applications.Enable performance for the Smart Group . 105 . Groups are a static collection of objects that are only updated manually by a ProSphere user.5 Hands-On Lab #19 We can see that the switch port in question is port 21.ProSphere 1. Smart Groups are groups of objects that are created and dynamically updated based on a certain set of criteria that is defined when the group is created. As the Storage Administrator.0GB and is connected to host lglac015. . you want to create a Smart Group that contains all non-Windows hosts and you want to enable performance for that group. It is running at 4.
You can also see that the Path Performance Collection is enabled for the various groups. Select Groups Expand Groups Select the triangle next to Groups in the left hand window to expand the existing groups on the system. Select the Discovery icon in the left hand side of the UI 2. 106 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Groups View 1. You will see that there are numerous groups that have already been created.ProSphere 1.
4. 6. 2. Enter win in the Value field.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create Unix hosts Smart Group Select Create Smart Group to open the Create Smart Group window. The righthand side of the window will show the various members of the Smart Group. Select Save & Close to create the Smart Group. Select Operating System from the Attribute pull-down. 107 . 5. Leave the CI Type set to Host.ProSphere 1. Verify UNIX hosts Smart Group is Created You will now see the UNIX hosts group listed in the Groups. Enter UNIX hosts in the Smart Group Name field. Select does not contain in the Operator pull-down. 3. 1.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Enable Performance for the Smart Group 1.ProSphere 1. Select 60 in the Collection Interval pull-down menu. to monitor and analyze your 108 . ProSphere. Select OK to set save the collection interval settings. Select Settings for the UNIX hosts Smart Group. You have successfully utilized EMC's latest storage resource management tool. Select Groups 2. Conclusion Congratulations. Change the Path Performance Collection for UNIX hosts from OFF to ON by selecting the slider button. the Settings hyperlink becomes available. Change Performance Collection Interval to 60 minutes Once the Path Performance Collection is enabled.
If you have any further questions.5 Hands-On Lab #19 storage environment. and troubleshoot a potential performance issue. please do not hesitate to contact your EMC Representative or stop by the ProSphere Demo Booth here at EMC World. 109 .ProSphere 1. Thank you for your interest in EMC and EMC ProSphere. You have navigated the ProSphere User Interface and learned how simple it is to discover objects. create custom storage reports.