5 Hands-On Lab
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Table of Contents
Welcome to ABigTelco Company............................................... 3 Introduction to ProSphere ........................................................ 3 How Do I Navigate the ProSphere UI?...................................... 5
Company Overview ............................................................................ 3 Overview of ProSphere ....................................................................... 3 How to Login to the ProSphere User Interface ....................................... 5 Navigating the ProSphere UI ............................................................... 7 Exploring the "Admin" Views .............................................................. 10 Creating Users in ProSphere .............................................................. 14 How Do I Create an Access Credential? ............................................... 22 How Do I Create a Discovery Job? ...................................................... 29 How to Configure Passive Host Discovery ............................................ 35
How Do I Discover Objects in ProSphere? .............................. 22
Performing Array Based Capacity Reporting Using the Capacity Dashboard .............................................................................. 41
Viewing Total Storage in the Environment ........................................... 41 Of the Usable Storage, How Much is Being Used? ................................. 47 What are the Characteristics of the Used Storage? ................................ 50 Using Filters and Sort in Explore View ................................................. 53 Analyzing Storage Utilization in Storage Pools ...................................... 59 Viewing Information about LUNs ........................................................ 67 Creating a Host-Based Showback Report ............................................. 74 Accessing the Array CI Dialog ............................................................ 80 View an End-to-End Map for a Virtual Machine ..................................... 85 Viewing Other Information for ESX Hosts............................................. 88 Displaying Performance Information for Passively Discovered Hosts ........ 92
Creating Custom Pages and Showback Reports ...................... 53
Viewing Detailed Information for Arrays ................................ 80 Utilizing ProSphere for Troubleshooting ................................. 85
Troubleshooting Switch Alerts within ProSphere.................... 97
Setting Performance Threshold Alerts ................................................. 97 Troubleshooting a Performance Issue Based on an Alert ...................... 100 Creating a Smart Group and Enabling Performance Data Collection ....... 105
Enabling Performance Collection for a Group of Objects ...... 105 Conclusion ............................................................................ 108
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Welcome to ABigTelco Company
This EMC Hands On Lab will introduce you to EMCs new storage resource management (SRM) software solution - ProSphere. You are the lead storage administrator at ABigTelco Company - a fast growing telecommunications company looking to grow even faster. You are tasked with monitoring the current storage environment and provisioning storage for new departments. You need a tool that helps you perform your daily monitoring activities as well as a tool that provides visibility into your current storage utilization. You have just deployed EMC ProSphere to help you address your SRM needs. EMC ProSphere is designed to be a lightweight, agent-less and scalable solution that simplifies storage resource management.
Introduction to ProSphere
Overview of ProSphere
Before we get started, lets take a look at the components that make up the ProSphere application. ProSphere is a lightweight, agent-less storage resource management solution. It is released as a vApp which means the software is provided as a pre-packaged set of VMs that deploy directly into your VMware environment. The ProSphere vApp is comprised of three or more servers. The servers and their purpose are listed below: ProSphere Manager - Responsible for all management of functionality and the web interface to ProSphere. Discovery Engine - Manages the discovery of objects.
This method of discovery creates host objects based on the parsing of zone names. Collector . It utilizes the VMware API to communicate to VirtualCenter.ProSphere 1. It utilizes SMI-S to discover EMC Storage and Brocade SANs. ProSphere also provides the ability to passively discover hosts.Optional VMs that perform discovery operations and allow for the scale-out of ProSphere.x environment and run SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 SP1.5 was the second major release of ProSphere whose main feature was array-based capacity reporting. It can validate host names against DNS and provides the ability to show end-to-end relationships for hosts without ever communicating to the host.0 was the initial release and provided the ability to perform end-to-end host-to-storage performance troubleshooting.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Historical Database . ProSphere is an agent-less solution. It relies on standards based protocols to communicate to objects in the storage environment for discovery. ProSphere 1. ProSphere 1. It can communicate to Windows hosts via WMI or WSMAN and UNIX hosts via SSH. It utilizes SNMP to communicate to Cisco SANs.Repository for performance and capacity information.
. The virtual machines run in an ESX 4.x or 5.
As the lead storage administrator.
.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
How Do I Navigate the ProSphere UI?
How to Login to the ProSphere User Interface
The lesson provides the steps needed to login to the ProSphere User Interface (UI). you will utilize ProSphere to monitor the current storage environment. This lesson will simply launch the ProSphere UI with full Security Administrator privileges. Start the Web Browser
Open the ProSphere shortcut that is available on the desktop. Acknowledge the Certificate Warning
Select to Continue to this website on the the web browser security certificate screen.
Enter Changme1! in the Password field.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Log in to ProSphere
Enter appadmin in the User field. We will explore various aspects of the Dashboard in additional lessons.The Dashboard
The initial screen displayed upon login is the Storage Capacity Dashboard.ProSphere 1.
. Initial ProSphere view . Select Login.
Search. The sub views for the selected main view. The UI is built on Adobe FLEX and requires FLASH Player. you have implemented ProSphere to monitor your storage environment. You will need to become familiar with the basic layout of the ProSphere User Interface. The Basic UI Sections
The UI is based on a common EMC standard that is being used by all EMC applications.Performance Dashboard 3.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Navigating the ProSphere UI
This lesson will illustrate the UI components and features. Step through some of the various sections of the ProSphere UI to understand their purpose. The main function views 2. Logout. As the lead storage administrator. 1.ProSphere 1. and Help
. In this case. you are looking at the Dashboard which has two sub views .Capacity Dashboard (shown) .
The Role of the user .ProSphere Application Server name 5. Provide the session information .
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 .User name that is logged in .ProSphere 1.Search is a feature will let you find an object using any combination of characters. Maximize the Usable Capacity chart. Applet .Chart or graph that displays data.Question mark provides access to the help screens which includes a complete set on online documentation 4. More detail is available when the applet is maximized.Logout door will end your session . Mouse over the pie graphs and you see what each section represents Drilling into an Applet Window
1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Exploring a detailed view
In the detailed view. you will see the objects that are providing the data.Refresh . Restoring the view 1. 2.Restore (return to the original view) We will explore this chart in more detail in a different lesson. There four icons in the top right hand side of the window:(from left to right) .Tools .
.ProSphere 1.Help . Select the Restore icon in the upper right-hand corner of the applet window. Observe that the window was restored to it's original size in the Dashboard view.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Exploring the "Admin" Views
There are numerous administrative tasks that can be performed within ProSphere. This lesson will walk you through some of the administrative functions of ProSphere. As the lead storage administrator, it is your responsibility to administer ProSphere. Step through the various Administrative tasks to understand what you will be capable of doing within the ProSphere UI. View the Sub-Views
Mouse over any of the icons in the left hand side of the ProSphere UI to reveal the sub views. This example shows that there are 3 sub views under the Admin icon: - Users and Security - System - Alert Management
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Exploring the Admin features
Click on Admin > Users and Security to explore the Users and Security settings. 1. Manage Users - Add local and/or domain users to ProSphere. 2. Manage LDAP/AD Authentication - Add your corporate user authentication service for domain user authentication. 3. Import Certificate - Import a customer provided certificate. 4. Export Certificate - Export a secure ProSphere generated certificate for the customer to use. 5. Configure Synchronization Passphrase - Used to authenticate the communication between multiple ProSphere instances for federation of multiple sites. 6. Select System.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
The Admin, System Settings 1. Manage Application Software - Determine current versions of ProSphere VMs and apply updates to the ProSphere VMs through the UI. For those familiar with applying updates to ProSphere 1.0, updating through the VAMI interface is no longer necessary. 2. Import Performance Data - Import the ControlCenter WLA Archiver data for the objects that have been discovered in ProSphere. 3. Synchronize ProSphere Application - Federate multiple ProSphere Applications (sites) together. 4. Manage Licenses - Apply ProSphere licenses. 5. Manage Logs - Download ProSphere logs from the UI so that the can be utilized by EMC Customer Service for troubleshooting. 6. Configure ConnectEMC Service - Transfer event information directly to EMC Support. 7. Select Alert Management
Configure the thresholds for performance alerts. Manage Alert Sources . 2.
.Configure SNMP trap destinations to forward traps based on ProSphere alerts.Enable and disable alert sources from element managers.5 Hands-On Lab #19
1. Manage Performance Alert Thresholds . 3.ProSphere 1. Manage SNMP Trap Destinations .
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Creating Users in ProSphere
This lesson will step the user through creating different types of users within ProSphere. There are three different levels of security in ProSphere: Security Administrator Create and manage users Assign user roles Configure LDAP authentication Configure synchronization passphrase Import and Export secure certificate Modify system password Monitor system services Configure and manage data sources Upload licenses Create and manage discovery jobs Search for objects View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts Create a Group Enable path performance collection for the discovered objects System Administrator Modify system password Monitor system services Configure and manage data sources Upload licenses Create and manage discovery jobs Search for objects View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts Create a Group Enable path performance collection for the discovered objects User Search for objects Create and manage discovery jobs View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts
. you are required to create users with different security roles. 2.Create and test a local user named user that does not have any Administrative privileges within ProSphere.5 Hands-On Lab #19 ProSphere has recently been deployed to monitor the storage environment.Create and test a local user named sysadmin that has all privileges within ProSphere except User Management. Select the Users and Security tab. As the lead Storage Administrator. . Access the User Management Interface
1. Select Manage Users. Select the Admin icon on the left hand side of the screen.ProSphere 1. . 3.
.ProSphere 1. When you select a User in the Manage Users section. Select Create User to create a new ProSphere user.
This screenshot is provided to show the password requirements when creating a local user.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Existing Users and Authentication Methods
This window shows all of the configured users in ProSphere and shows that whether the authentication method is Local or LDAP. the Details window in the bottom of the screen will show which Role(s) are assigned to that user. Note that the password security requirements for local users will be displayed if the password that you enter does not meet the requirements.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a local user
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Select Local in the Authentication Method pull-down. Enter user in the User name field. Enter EMCWorld2012! in the password filed Enter EMCWorld2012! in the Re-enter Password field. Select User from the Available Roles window. Select Add > to add the User role to the Selected Roles. Select OK to create the user user.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Verify Creation of "user"
Select user from the User Name list and verify that the only role assigned to it is User. Logout of the ProSphere UI by selecting the logout icon in the top right-hand side of the window.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Log into ProSphere as "user"
Login to ProSphere as user with a password of EMCWorld2012!
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Observe the UI
After logging in as "user". note that you no longer have access to the Admin icon on the left hand side of the UI. Logout of the ProSphere UI Login to the ProSphere UI with the user appadmin and a password of Changeme1!
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a sysadmin User with System Administrator Privileges
Use the same procedure to create a local user called "sysadmin" with a role of System Administrator. Login to ProSphere with the sysadmin user. Logout of the ProSphere UI.
Discovery in ProSphere is a two-step process. ProSphere has just been installed in the environment and users have been created.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Observe the UI
Determine what operations are not allowed by the sysadmin user. Login to ProSphere with the appadmin user and a password of Changeme1!
How Do I Discover Objects in ProSphere?
How Do I Create an Access Credential?
This lesson steps the user through the creation of Access Credentials within ProSphere. The next step is to discover the SAN environment.ProSphere 1. Hint .Review the possible actions that are available to you under the Administration icon. you will need to create access credentials to discover your EMC storage.
. The first step is to create access credentials which are used to access the various objects within ProSphere. Logout of the ProSphere UI. Access Credentials are used to define a communication protocol as well as authentication credentials for objects to be discovered within ProSphere. Cisco SAN and VMware environment. As the lead storage administrator.
Create an SMI-S Access Credential to discover EMC Storage . Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI.Create an SNMP v3 Access Credential to discover the Cisco SAN Open the Access Credentials View
1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 .Create a VMware Access Credential to discover the ESX environment. .ProSphere 1. Select Access Credentials
2. This shows the configured access credentials. Objects List. Review the details of the Access Credential. Select the VMware .ProSphere 1.cc-ro access credential. 4.
. Discovery Jobs. In the Discovery view you have four sub-views: Access Credentials.
1. Select the divider bar and drag it downward to expose all of the configured access credentials. Groups. 3. View divider bar. 3. The bottom window shows the details for the selected Access Credential. 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Explore the Access Credentials View
1. The details show that it has been successfully used to complete a Discovery Job.
4. Select Create Access Credential. Select OK to create the Access Credential. 1. 8. Enter #1Password in the Password and Confirm Password fields. This is the password for the EMC SMI-S user. 5.2 version for ProSphere 1.3 version for ProSphere 1. The EMC SMI-S Provider needs to the latest 4.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create an Access Credential for EMC Storage
Discovery of EMC Arrays is performed by accessing the EMC SMI-S provider. Leave the port at 5988. Leave the Interop Namespace set to interop. Enter EMC Storage in the Name field. This is the EMC SMI-S user.
. 3. 2.ProSphere 1.5 and SMI-S 4. 6. Enter admin in the User Name field. Select SMI-S in the Type field.6. 7.
Enter password in the Password and Confirm Password fields. 7. Enter VMware Environment in the Name field. 5.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create an Access Credential for VMware
Discovery of VMware can be performed against an individual ESX server or against the VirtualCenter server. Leave the port at 443. 2. Enter read-only in the User Name field. 1. Select Create Access Credential. Leave the SSL Enabled box selected. 6. Select OK to create the Access Credential. 7.
. User privileges that are required for discovery consist of the Read-Only role with the addition of the Browse Datastore privilege. 3.ProSphere 1. 4. Select VMware Infrastructure in the Type pull-down list.
6. ProSphere supports both SNMPv1/v2 as well as SNMP v3. Select SNMP v3 in the Type pull-down list. AES or DES. Select Create Access Credential. This example steps you through the creation of an SNMP v3 Access Credential. Enter password in the Authentication Passphrase field. Set the Privacy Protocol set to AES. 3. Enter sanuser in the User Name field. Enter Cisco SNMPv3 in the Name field. 7. This is the secure user that is configured on your Cisco switches. 4.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Creating an Access Credential for Cisco SAN
Cisco discovery occurs over SNMP. 1. 2. 8. Leave the Authentication Protocol set to MD5.ProSphere 1. 5. The Privacy Protocol can be set to None. The Authentication Protocol can be set to MD5 or SHA. This is the passphrase that is configured on the Cisco switch.
. Verify the Port is set to 161.
Select OK to create the Access Credential. Enter password in the Privacy Passphrase field.5 Hands-On Lab #19 9.
. 10.ProSphere 1. This is the passphrase that is configured on the Cisco switch.
com and assign the EMC Storage Access Credential to it. They are used in conjunction with Access Credentials which provide the authorization information. Access the Discovery Jobs View
.ProSphere 1. we will not be able to run an actual Discovery Job. Since this demo system does not have access to live equipment. As such. Create a Discovery Job that will discover EMC arrays.5 Hands-On Lab #19
How Do I Create a Discovery Job?
This lesson steps the user through the creation of Discovery Jobs within ProSphere. . Discovery Jobs are used to define the IP addresses or hostnames that will be discovered.Create a Discovery Job for EMC arrays that have been discovered by the EMC SMI-S provider running on host emcsmi.acme. we will simply step through the creation of a Discovery Job.
You can select the date/timestamp hyperlink to view the discovery log. 3.
. Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1. Select Discovery Jobs Explore the Discovery Jobs View
1. edit a job. The top window shows basic information about the configured Discovery Jobs. 2. Configure Host Resolution is used to perform passive host discovery which is discussed in a different lesson.ProSphere 1. These are the functions available for creating and modifying a Discovery Job. and delete a job. enable and disable a job. run a job on demand. The bottom window shows detailed information about the selected Discovery Job. You can create a job. 2.
. 2.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage . Select Create Job. 3. Select Next. Enter EMC Storage in the Job Name field.Job Information
This step informs ProSphere what object type(s) should be detected for the Discovery Job.acme. Select Next >.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage . Check the Arrays box. 1. For EMC Arrays. Note that you can select multiple object types.com in the INCLUDE field. Enter emcsmi. It also informs ProSphere which host(s) to communicate to for the Discovery Job. 3. 2.ProSphere 1. you will point to the host running the EMC SMI-S provider.
3. Highlight the EMC Storage Access Credential.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage . Select Add.ProSphere 1. 2.Select Access Credentials
. Select Next >.
Rediscoveries are handled via one of three methods: 1 . Once an object is discovered in ProSphere. Please enter a valid start time” increment the date and/or time to some time in the future.
.Automatic updating based on change indications 3 .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage .Automatically updated based on internal rediscovery intervals Select Finish to create the EMC Storage Discovery Job. It will only perform detection and discovery of new objects that are added to the environment. It should be noted that the Discovery Job will only perform the initial detection of the object(s).Manually rediscovering the object in the Objects View 2 .ProSphere 1.Set Schedule
The final step allows you to set a schedule for the Discovery Job. the Discovery Job does not discover objects that have previously been discovered in ProSphere. Note: if you see the error “A Schedule’s start time cannot be in the past.
This is accomplished by parsing the zone names for host names. you will be able to view the performance for the array LUNs that are allocated to passively discovered hosts. Your zone naming convention is as follows: <hostname>_<symm serial #>_<FA port> for example: lglob211_0287_7G0
. and then creating the host object with the corresponding HBA ports. However. This will allow a user to see an end-to-end view of of hosts to storage without the need to communicate to that host. ProSphere 1.6 will allow you to report on allocated storage to passively discovered hosts. you want to passively discover these hosts within ProSphere to gain some visibility to their storage allocation. The limitations for this method are that ProSphere can not gather any specific information about host devices. you need to gain access to some hosts in which the system administrators will not allow you to actively discover. As such. since ProSphere is able to determine the LUNs that are allocated to each HBA port.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
How to Configure Passive Host Discovery
Passive discovery allows for the creation of host objects within ProSphere without performing any communication to the host. As the lead storage administrator. optionally validating those host names against DNS. As such. the performance charts for host devices will not be populated.
5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select the Configure Host Resolution button
Leave the DNS options set to Upon successful validation by DNS. 2. 3 .
. The Configure Host Resolution window will close. Select OK.Independent validation by DNS .
There are three options for validating hostnames with DNS: 1 .Upon successful validation by DNS .Does not attempt to resolve hosts if DNS validation fails.ProSphere 1.Attempts to resolve hosts even if DNS validation fails. You will need to select the Configure Host Resolution button to reopen the window. Select the box next to Resolve Hosts.Without using DNS .Does not use DNS to validate that the host name exists.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1. 2 .
You will modify an existing template to match your zone naming scheme which is <hostname>_<symm serial #>_<FA port> Change the zone template in the fourth row to match your zone naming convention: %h%_*_* Select Resolve Now to perform the passive host discovery.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Modify Zone Name Template
There are five Zone Name Templates that are pre-configured.
5 Hands-On Lab #19
This pop-up message will be displayed indicating that the discovery operation is active.ProSphere 1.
3. Select Hosts.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Objects List View
1. Select Objects List. Review Passively Discovered Host Results
Select the Created By column two times to sort from high to low. Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI.
.You will see two hosts that have been passively discovered: lglob211 and lglob212. Hosts that are created by passive discovery will have a value of System in the Created By column.ProSphere 1. 2.
.Determine if New York can meet the 100TB request with unconfigured storage. FA ports and array LUNs. determine how much has been configured to be used. .Utilize ProSphere to determine how much raw storage is in the enterprise. The company is in the process of expanding and a new department will require 50TB of RAID1 storage (100TB raw storage). This is because there is no direct communication with the host and therefore no way to obtain this information.
Performing Array Based Capacity Reporting Using the Capacity Dashboard
Viewing Total Storage in the Environment
This lesson steps the user through using the Raw Capacity Usage chart to understand the total amount of storage in the environment.Of the total raw storage.Determine how much raw storage is unconfigured. In this case we see that the Path Performance Collection shows that collections are ON. The Discovery Status column will show N/A for passively discovered hosts. Passively discovered hosts can be enabled to pull in performance data for the corresponding switch ports. .ProSphere 1. .Determine if Hopkinton has enough unconfigured storage to provision 100TB of storage to a new organization. We will explore the performance capabilities of passively discovered hosts in a separate lesson. .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Note that the Operating System and Operating System Version columns are empty.
Review the Raw Capacity Usage chart
.ProSphere 1. Select the Capacity tab.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Capacity Dashboard
Total Raw .Unconfigured .Configured Usable .RAID Overhead . This appears to meet the demand for 50TB of RAID1 storage. Maximize the Raw Capacity Usage chart
Select the Maximize icon in the top right hand corner of the Raw Capacity Usage Chart.
.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Mouse over the various areas of the chart to see the following total capacities in the environment: .Hot Spares The chart shows that there is approximately 157TB of Unconfigured storage.
ProSphere 1. Note that the right-hand column contains a customized ProSphere Application name.
Customize the Displayed Columns
Select the Tools Icon in the upper right-hand corner of the window.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Analyze Capacity for Arrays and Sites
Review the chart details in the bottom half of the window to see the various capacities for each array.
Serial Number and RAID Overhead (GB) in the Selected columns window (Use the Ctrl key to select multiple entries) Select < Remove to remove them from the Selected columns window Select OK Sort the information based on the ProSphere Application column.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Remove columns from the display
Highlight Configured Usable (GB). Array Type.
Select the ProSphere Application column header to sort the information by site
There is approximately 111TB of total unconfigured storage for the two New York arrays.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine which site(s) can meet the 50GB RAID1 storage request
Review the Unconfigured (GB) capacity column for the Hopkinton arrays and New York arrays. Thus. Restore the Raw Capacity Usage chart to its original size
Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window
. This shows that there is approximately 46TB of total unconfigured storage on the four Hopkinton arrays.ProSphere 1. only the New York site can meet the storage request.
Determine if the Hopkinton arrays have enough free storage to meet the 30TB demand . they have removed the restriction that it all must be RAID1. Given that department location will not change.Determine how much free pool storage is in the environment .Utilize ProSphere to determine the how much configured storage is being used in the entire environment .Determine if the Hopkinton arrays have enough free pool storage to meet the 30TB demand.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Of the Usable Storage. How Much is Being Used?
This lesson steps the user through using the Usable Capacity chart to understand how much the configured storage is being used. The remaining 30TB can be from any configured storage that is not being used. Management has decided that the new department will be located in Hopkinton and asks you to investigate if there is configured storage that is not being used that can help to meet the request of 50TB of storage. The request is now that the unconfigured storage be configured for 20TB of RAID1 storage.ProSphere 1. .Determine how much free storage is in the environment . Maximize the Usable Capacity chart
Free and Pool Free storage in the entire environment. there is over 100TB of configured free storage in the environment as well as almost 43TB of pool free storage.ProSphere 1. Sort the information based on the ProSphere Application column
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the Maximize icon in the top right-hand corner of the Usable Capacity chart Review the total usable capacity information for the entire environment
Review the pie chart in the upper-half of the screen to understand the Used. The pie chart allows you to quickly see that there is approximately 93TB of Used storage in the environment. Also.
ProSphere 1. there is available storage on the Hopkinton arrays to meet the 30TB request. the additional 30TB of storage needed for the new department can easily be handled by the Free space on Symmetrix 0149. Note that in order to meet the additional 30TB demand. the storage will need to come from a CX4 array. As far as Pool Free storage. As such.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the ProSphere Application column header to sort the information by site Review the Free and Pool Free columns for the Hopkinton arrays
Review the Free column for the four Hopkinton arrays. Restore the Usable Capacity chart to its original size
Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window
. You can quickly see that Symmetrix 0149 has approximately 50TB of Free storage.
Determine the total amount of System storage used in the environment .ProSphere 1.Determine the total amount of Primary Used storage in the environment .Determine the total amount of Local Replica storage used in the environment .Determine which array in Hopkinton has the most Primary Used storage . Management has requested detailed information about the storage that is currently used.Determine which array in New York has the most Primary Used Storage
. remote replica or system used. They would also like to understand how much storage is being used for local and remote replica. Specifically they want to know how much of the used storage is primary storage being directly used by applications and want to know which array has the most used storage in both Hopkinton and New York. local replica.Determine the total amount of Remote Replica storage used in the environment . .5 Hands-On Lab #19
What are the Characteristics of the Used Storage?
This lesson steps the user through using the Used Capacity by Purpose chart to understand how much of the usable storage is primary.
Remote Replica Used and System Used capacities in the environment. This chart shows that the majority of used storage in
. Review the total used capacities
Review the pie chart to understand the total Primary Used.ProSphere 1. Local Replica Used.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Maximize the Used Capacity by Purpose chart
Select the maximize icon in the upper right-hand corner of the Used Capacity by Purpose chart.
There is approximately 180GB of Local Replica Used storage and only 2.ProSphere 1. The table shows that CX4 960 with serial number ending 0345 has the most Primary Used storage in Hopkinton with 27 TB.10 GB of Remote Replica Used storage.5 Hands-On Lab #19 the environment is Primary storage. Review the used capacities for individual arrays
Review the array detail information in the table at the bottom of the screen to see which array has the most Primary Used storage in each site. Symmetrix 0354 has the most Primary Used storage in New York with 32 TB. Restore the Used Capacity by Purpose chart to its original size
Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window
3. The information of most interest to you includes the Array. Free capacity.Use Explore View to create a custom page . It will allow the user to create custom pages that displays a specific set of columns a well as a filtered set of columns.Verify that the page can be closed and reopened Access the Explore View for storage arrays
1. Unconfigured capacity. Firmware. Select Arrays.ProSphere 1. Configured capacity including RAID. As the lead storage administrator. 2.Rename the page to Arrays Summary .5 Hands-On Lab #19
Creating Custom Pages and Showback Reports
Using Filters and Sort in Explore View
This lesson will introduce the user to the Explore View that was introduced in ProSphere 1. you would like to have specific summary level information about each array on a single page that can be accessed at any time. Select Storage.
. Select Explore.Use tools to select specific columns of interest .5. . Pool Free capacity and site name.
ProSphere 1. Create a custom page with specific columns
Select the Tools icon in the top right-hand corner of the window to access the Select Columns window
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review available columns in Arrays tab
Utilize the scroll bar at the bottom of the screen to view the full set of information displayed in this page.
% Pool Used. System Used (GB). Used (GB). Array Type. % Pool Subscribed. and Array Health Select OK to create the new page.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select specific columns
Remove the following columns from the page by highlighting each one and selecting Remove. Total Raw (GB). Primary Used (GB). Array Model. Pool Subscribed (GB). Remote Replica Used (GB). Local Replica Used (GB).ProSphere 1. RAID Overhead (GB). Hot Spares (GB). Note that you can select multiple columns by holding down the Ctrl key.
. Configured Usable (GB). Unusable (GB). Pool Usable (GB).
It appends a number to the original page name. Enter Arrays Summary in the New Name field of the Rename window 3. Your page name may have a different number. Rename the page to Array Summary
1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the custom arrays page that was created
A custom page will be created that contains only the specific columns that were not removed.ProSphere 1. Note that ProSphere automatically creates and saves the page. Double-click the Arrays (4) name to bring up the Rename window 2. Select OK to change the name
. in this example it shows Arrays (4).
Select the green "+" sign 2. This page is now saved and can be closed and reopened at any time. Reopen the Arrays Summary page
1.ProSphere 1. Select Open Existing Page
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Verify Report is Renamed
The tab will now show the name of the page as Arrays Summary. Close the Arrays Summary page
Select the small "x" next to the Arrays Summary name to remove the page from the display.
Note that the built-in pages do not have the option to be deleted.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select the Arrays Summary page from the list.ProSphere 1. The Arrays Summary page will now be available in the UI.
ProSphere 1. you are required to monitor storage pools in the environment and understand their utilization.Drill down to view details about the associated LUNs for a specific storage pool .5 Hands-On Lab #19
Analyzing Storage Utilization in Storage Pools
This lesson explains how to utilize ProSphere to analyze information about Storage Pools. . Select the Capacity tab.Use the Capacity Dashboard to quickly understand pool utilization in the environment . As a storage administrator.
.Use the Explore View to create a custom page that displays thin pools that are greater than 70% utilized Access the Capacity Dashboard
The table now shows Pool Type. Maximize the Usable Capacity by Pools table
Select the Maximize icon in the top right hand corner of the Usable Capacity by Pools table. Review Information for TestThinPool in Maximized Chart
Review the additional information available for the TestThinPool.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Usable Capacity by Pools Table
If necessary. scroll down to view the Usable Capacity by Pools table. This table quickly shows that TestThinPool is at 89% used. Pool Usable.ProSphere 1.
. % Pool Subscribed and ProSphere Application columns. By default. the pools are displayed showing the highest % Pool Used at the top of the table. % Pool Used.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 This shows that (as the name implies) TestThinPool is indeed a Thin Pool.ProSphere 1.23 GB in size.
. They all reside on SATA disks. Review Consumers Details for TestThinPool
With TestThinPool highlighted in the top half of the screen. Review LUN Contributors Details for TestThinPool
Select the LUN Contributors tab to review the data devices that provide storage for the storage pool. The Consumers tab shows those host-accessible thin devices that are consuming storage from the thin pool. This will show that that data devices have a RAID-1 protection and are 11. review the Details window at the bottom of the screen.
the amount of subscribed storage from the pool as well as the amount of oversubscribed storage from the pool.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Disk Contributors Details for TestThinPool
Select the Disk Contributors tab to review the physical disks that are members of the thin pool.ProSphere 1.
. Review Subscription Details for TestThinPool
Select the Subscriptions tab. This shows the amount of enabled storage in the pool. This shows that the disk contributors are all 7200 RPM SATA devices.
Select Storage.ProSphere 1. Show the Filters
Select Show Filter from the icon in the top right hand side of the window. Select the Pools tab.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Pools Page in the Explore View
ProSphere 1. Select the pull-down menu for the Pool Type column. Select Custom.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter to Show Thin Pools
. Create a Filter for % Pool Used > 70
Select the pull-down arrow above the % Pool Used column. Select the box next to Thin Pool. The page will now only shows pools that have a pool type of Thin Pool. Select OK. 3.
. Review the Results
The results show that the only thin pool in the environment that currently exceeds 70% utilization is TestThinPool.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select > (Greater Than) from the resulting pull-down menu. Select OK.
Enter a value of 70.
.ProSphere 1. The number on your page may be different. The page is now saved with the custom name and can be closed and re-opened at any time. Provide a custom page name in the Rename window. Select OK. In this case it was Pools (5). 3. Double-click on the existing name in the tab.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Rename the Custom Page
The sorting and filter can be used to create permanent customized pages or used to create one-off pages that are used to meet random demands.
. . Select Explore.ProSphere 1. but are not masked to any hosts.Create a page that displays all unused LUNs that are between 50 and 100 GB. As a storage administrator. The purpose of the LUNs tab is to show detailed property and capacity information for all of the LUNs in the environment. 3. .Create a page that displays LUNs that are mapped to front-end ports. Access the Explore View for LUNs
1. Also. 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Viewing Information about LUNs
This lesson introduces the LUNs tab that is available under the Explore View. Select the LUNs tab. Select Storage. you want to create a page that displays Mapped and Unmasked devices for all arrays in the environment for possible storage reclamation. you've received an allocation request in Hopkinton for a 60GB device and want to view all unused LUNs that are between 50GB and 100GB in size to address this request.
Select the Yes box.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Show the Filters
Select Show Filter from the icon in the top right hand side of the window. 3. Select OK. 2. The page will now show only those devices that are Mapped. Select the pull-down menu for the Is Mapped? column.ProSphere 1. Create a Filter to show Mapped Devices
The number on your page may be different.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter to show Devices that are not Masked
1. These are devices that could potentially be reclaimed as they are not masked to any hosts. 3. In this case it was LUNs (11). 2.
. Rename the Custom Page
1. Double-click on the existing name in the tab. Select the pull-down menu for the Is Masked? column. Select OK. 3. 2. The page will now show devices that are mapped but not masked. Select OK. Select the No box.ProSphere 1. Provide a custom page name in the Rename window.
Select Open Existing Page.5 Hands-On Lab #19 The page is now saved with the custom name and can be closed and re-opened at any time. The built-in LUNs page will now be displayed.
Locate and select the LUNs page.ProSphere 1. Open the Built-in LUNs page
1. 2. Select the "+" sign at the right side of the page tabs.
Select Show Filter. Select OK.ProSphere 1.
. Create a Filter for Unused Devices
Select the pull-down menu for the Is Used? column. Select the No box.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Show the Filters
Select the Filter icon on the top right-hand side of the window.
Select OK. Select OK. enter 50 and 100 in the LUN Capacity (GB) filter. Select Custom.ProSphere 1.
With the operator set to _ (Between). Create a Filter for the LUN Size
Select the pull-down menu for the LUN Capacity column.
. Enter Hopk for the value for the Contains operator.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter for the Hopkinton Site
Select the pull-down menu for ProSphere Application column.
Any of these devices can be used to meet the 60GB storage request.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Results
The resulting page will show all unused devices from Hopkinton that are between 50GB and 100GB. Note that the columns in the above screenshot have been moved to show the three filtered columns together.ProSphere 1.
Host reporting is an array allocated based report based on storage allocated to the actively discovered host HBAs. you want to see a service level report for each array in your environment showing how much storage is configured.View the Service Level by Array page to determine the amount of free storage by service level for each array in Hopkinton. . Reporting will show storage based on built-in or user-defined service levels.5 provides the ability to perform array-based service level reporting as well as host chargeback/showback reporting. As the storage administrator.
. . You have also been asked to provide a chargeback report for host "lglob110" to show the various types of storage allocated to that host.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Creating a Host-Based Showback Report
ProSphere 1. Note that ProSphere 1. free and used for each Service Level. You have been requested to provide 1 TB of "Gold" storage for an application to be deployed in Hopkinton.Utilize the Explore View to view the configured Service Levels in the environment.ProSphere 1.Create a chargeback/showback report that shows the allocated storage for host lglob110.6 will provide the ability to view storage allocated to passively discovered hosts. .
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Explore View for Service Levels
1. 3. Select Service Levels.ProSphere 1. 2. Select Explore.
. Select the Service Levels tab.
Review the Service Level capacity information for each Service Level. 3.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Current Service Level Storage
. This shows that there is over 5TB of "Gold" storage that is reported in the Service Level Free column. This shows that the Silver Service Level consists of the Pre Defined Silver Tier that includes any RAID 5 Fibre Channel device as well as the User Defined Silver RAID 6 FC Tier that includes any Fibre Channel RAID6 device. This may be sufficient to meet the storage request. Select the Silver Service level in the top half of the screen. 2. You will need to determine if this storage is available in Hopkinton.ProSphere 1. Review the details of the Tiers of storage that make up the Silver Service Level in the bottom half of the screen. 4.
Open the Host by Service Level page
Select the Host by Service Level tab. Review the Service Levels for Hopkinton
Review the various Service Level capacities for the Hopkinton-based arrays.
. This shows that there is approximately 2TB of free gold storage for Symmetrix 287 which is sufficient to meet the 1TB storage request.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine the Amount of Storage per Service Level for each Array
Select the Array by Service Level tab.ProSphere 1.
Open the Filters
Select Show Filter from under the Filter icon in the top right-hand side of the window.5 Hands-On Lab #19 This page will show the allocated storage to each actively discovered host in ProSphere. 2. 3. Select the pull-down menu for the Host column. Enter lglob110 as the value for Contains operator. Select OK. Create a Filter for Host "lglob110"
Double-click the Host by Service Level (6) tab. 2. Select OK to save the lglob110 host chargeback/showback page.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Results
The results show that there are 4 different Service Levels presented to host lglob110: Gold Gold SAS Silver SAS Bronze Rename the Custom Page
. Note that you may have a different number in your page name. This page can now be closed and re-opened at any time. Enter a custom name for your page in the Rename window.ProSphere 1.
Specifically.Open the CI dialog by searching for the array Access the Raw Capacity Usage Chart on the Capacity Dashboard
1. Select Capacity 3. you are interested in seeing detailed information about the smaller VMAX array in Hopkinton. .Determine what is the smallest VMAX array for the Hopkinton site .5 Hands-On Lab #19
Viewing Detailed Information for Arrays
Accessing the Array CI Dialog
This lesson shows a user two different ways to access the Configuration Item (CI) dialog for an array.Open the CI dialog by selecting the hyperlink in the maximized Raw Capacity Details chart . you want to view detailed attributes. Select the maximize icon to maximize the Raw Capacity Usage chart. You want to understand the performance of the front-end directors and want to be able to understand the storage utilization.ProSphere 1.View Raw Capacity Usage chart for all arrays on the Capacity Dashboard .
. As a Storage Administrator. performance and capacity information. Select the Dashboard icon in the left hand side of the ProSphere UI 2.
ProSphere 1. To determine "smallest" we will look for the array that has the least Total Raw (GB) storage. Select the hyperlink for Symmetrix 0287 to open the CI dialog for the array. we can see that array 0287 is the smallest. Of the two VMAX arrays. We can quickly see that there are two VMAX arrays in Hopkinton: 0149 and 0287.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine which VMAX Array is the Smallest in Hopkinton
Review the details of the Raw Capacity Usage chart to determine which VMAX array in Hopkinton is the smallest.
ProSphere 1. You will notice that this table includes capacity information about the Thick LUNs as well as all of the Pool capacity. Select the Free (GB) column two times to perform a descending sort on the column. Select the Maximize icon for the Usable Capacity chart to view details of of the Usable Capacity for Symmetrix 0287. 2. the CI Dialog automatically opens the Capacity tab in the Details window at the bottom of the UI.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Capacity Chart for Array 0287
Since the hyperlink was selected from the Capacity Dashboard.
View Array Attributes
The Attributes tab shows various information such as Model.
. 2. We will investigate the Performance tab in a separate lesson. you would be able to launch directly into Symmetrix Management Console (SMC) to perform various operations in SMC such as storage provisioning. and SMC Element Managers. Accessing Array CI Dialog via Search
1. Select the magnifying glass icon to search for the string. Select the Attributes tab.ProSphere 1. In a live environment. Enter 0149 in the search field in the top right-hand corner of the UI. Microcode.5 Hands-On Lab #19
This is because you selected the hyperlink from the search results as opposed to from a capacity chart in the Capacity Dashboard.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select the hyperlink for Symmetrix 0149 in the search results window.
.ProSphere 1. View CI Dialog for Symmetrix 0149
The CI Dialog for Symmetrix 0149 is opened. Notice that the default tab that is opened is now the Attributes tab.
SAN and storage.View end-to-end map for lglac111 . As the lead storage administrator. SAN and storage.
. You have had an inquiry about an application running on virtual machine lglac111. Search for lglac111 by entering lglac111 in the search field. datastore. you want to understand the configuration of lglac111 as quickly as possible. It provides the ability to understand the layout of your VMware environment and it can be performed with as few as two clicks of the mouse.ProSphere 1.View all other VMs running on the corresponding ESX server Search for host lglac111
1. Select lglac111 from the Search results window. . You need to understand the relationship between virtual machine. As such. you occasionally need to understand the layout of your VMware environment. 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Utilizing ProSphere for Troubleshooting
View an End-to-End Map for a Virtual Machine
ProSphere is designed to quickly obtain and end-to-end view of host.Search for lglac111 . ESX server.
We can immediately see that virtual machine lglac111 resides on ESX server lglac020.ProSphere 1. Select the ESX server lglac020 in the map. All of this information is easily displayed with just two mouse clicks.5 Hands-On Lab #19 View End-to-End Map
The CI dialog for lglac111 is immediately displayed showing an end-toend view from lglac111 to its visible storage. The map shows that the ESX server has two paths to four different storage arrays and it displays the two fabrics that are relevant for this host. Determine the Corresponding Array LUN for the Datastore
1. We can also see that it resides on datastore RoyVMStore1-symm0149. This changes the focus of the Details window to the ESX Server.
Scroll down to find Roy-VMStore1-symm0149. Note that you will see multiple entries for Roy-VMStore1-symm0149 listed in the path details tab.
. datastore. Select the Path Details tab. array LUN and array serial number for the datastore. You can now see the ESX host device.5 Hands-On Lab #19 2. 3.ProSphere 1. array and array LUN. You have now mapped lglac111 to the ESX server. The ESX server sees each of these different paths as a different host device. Each of these entries represents a different path to the storage.
View the Attributes of the ESX Server
You should already have ESX Server lglac020 available in the map.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Viewing Other Information for ESX Hosts
ProSphere provides various information about your ESX environment. If not. search for host lglac111 and select lglac020 in the map.ProSphere 1. You can view the various properties of your ESX server in this window. Select the Attributes tab if it is not already selected. This lesson shows additional information available to you for the ESX Server. Double-click on host lglac020 in the map to view the HBA ports (you can also right-click the and select Open Host) 2. 1. You have just seen how to quickly understand the end-to-end mapping of a virtual machine.
They are accessible under the Performance tab. This view shows the HBA port mappings to the corresponding switch ports. Performance Graphs ProSphere provides various key performance indicator metrics for ESX servers. This view shows you all of the VMs that are currently running on this ESX server.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Viewing Virtual Machines on an ESX Server
Select the VMs tab. Viewing HBA Port Connectivity
Select the Connectivity tab.
.ProSphere 1. This section introduces you to those metrics.
3.Response Time metric is calculated as follows: (Queue Length + IOs per second)
Select the Performance tab. Set the date range from April 20 2012 to April 21 2012.5 Hands-On Lab #19
1. 1. 4. Select Custom.IO metric is the number of I/O operations performed each second by the host device.
The Performance tab show the six performance graphs related to the host. The Host Devices . The Host Devices . Host Devices IO The Host Devices .IO metric is calculated as follows: (reads per sec) + (writes per sec) 2.Response Time The Host Devices – Response Time metric is the total of service and wait time in milliseconds required by the host device. Select OK. Host Devices . 2.
.Throughput metric is calculated as follows: (Kbytes read per sec) + (Kbytes written per sec) 5. Port link Utilization The Port Link Utilization metric reflects the percentage of time that switch ports connected to this host are actively transmitting data.ProSphere 1. Host CPU Utilization ProSphere displays a Host CPU Utilization chart in the Host Performance view when you display a host as the subject of a map in a CI dialog box. Host Devices .Queue Length The Host Devices – Queue Length metric displays the average depth of the IO queue for the host device.Throughput metric shows the total number of kilobytes read and written each second by all of the host devices.Throughput The Host Devices . Host Devices . A graph of this metric also appears in the Performance tab when a map shows a host as its subject.5 Hands-On Lab #19
3. 6. The Host Devices . The Port Link Utilization chart displays a line for each switch port connected to the host. The Port Link Utilization metric is calculated as follows: 100 * (#KbytesReceivedPerSec + #KbytesTransmittedPerSec) / #Speed 4.
The system administrator will not allow any remote access to the host and therefore you are unable to actively discover it within ProSphere. The advantage of this to the storage administrator is that no agents need to be installed on a host and no authorization credentials are required to log into the host. A passively discovered host is a host which is populated in the ProSphere UI in which no direct communications occurs to the host.ProSphere 1. The hostname and HBA WWNs are derived from the zone name information and the switch login information. Enter 212 into the search field in the upper right hand corner of the UI.Utilize ProSphere to view the performance data on the corresponding array LUNs that are allocated to host lglob212. you would like to view performance statistics related to a production host "lglob212".Utilize search to find lglob212 within ProSphere and view an end-toend map of the host .
.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Displaying Performance Information for Passively Discovered Hosts
This lesson will step the user through the information available for a passively discovered host. Search for Host lglob212
1. You have utilized the Passive Discovery feature of ProSphere to extract the hostname and HBA WWN information for the host. As the lead storage administrator. .Utilize ProSphere to view the performance data for the switch ports that are connected to the host HBAs .
View End-to-End Map
1. 3. Double click on host lglob212 to view the host HBA connections. Note that the the zoom features were used to generate the above display. Select lglob212 from the Search results window.ProSphere 1. 2. Select the search icon to search for the string. View Performance Data from Host
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 2. Double-click on the lglob156 fabric to view the actual switch port connection(s).
. 3.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1. This is because we do not actively communicate to the host to obtain host level performance metrics.
1. Select Custom to choose custom dates for the performance data. This is because you are trying to view current data and the demo system only has performance data through April 24th.ProSphere 1. You will notice that none of the graphs are populated with data. Make sure host lglob212 is selected in the map and then select the Performance tab in the lower window. Use the calendar to select April 22 2012 as that From date. Use the calendar to select April 24 2012 as the To date.
You will notice that only the Port Link Utilization chart is populated. 2. Select OK.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 View Performance Data from Array
Select Symmetrix array 0287 in the map. Select LUNs from host lglob212
. Set the date range from April 22 2012 to April 24 2012. Set Date Range
Select Custom to set the date range. Again the performance charts will be blank because the view defaults to the current day.ProSphere 1. This will change the focus of the bottom Details window to the Symmetrix.
View Array LUN data for lglob212
. This will open the Select Array LUNs window.5 Hands-On Lab #19 You will notice that the FE director and port charts are now populated. Select the boxes next to devices D8F and D90 and select OK. Select the ellipse next to the <select LUNs> box. You will find LUNs D8F and D90 are both allocated to host lglob212.ProSphere 1.
Scroll down to find the LUNs allocated to host lglob212.
ProSphere 1. You want to see the current settings and possibly set the thresholds to more reasonable values to eliminate some of the non-critical alerts. You've noticed that there are a large number of performance alerts being generated and that the alert values seem to be quite low. Given the limited IO on this host. you have been utilizing ProSphere to monitor the storage environment.5 provides the ability to set thresholds to trigger various key performance-related alerts. This lesson will step you through the alerting features of ProSphere and will allow you to change the performance thresholds... As the lead Storage Administrator.
Troubleshooting Switch Alerts within ProSphere
Setting Performance Threshold Alerts
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 You will now notice that the Array LUNs performance charts are populated. it makes you wonder why the system administrator is so concerned about allowing you access to this host.
2.ProSphere 1. Select the Manage Performance Alert Thresholds Setting Performance Alert Thresholds
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Set Alert Thresholds for Performance
1. Select the Admin icon in the left hand side of the UI. Select Alert Management 3.
all of the alerts are disabled so selecting Reset will not only set the thresholds to their default values. Also.5 Hands-On Lab #19 You now see why you are receiving so many alerts. You can disable any of the alerts by deselecting the box in the Enable column. it will also disable all of the alerts.ProSphere 1.
. Someone has enabled all of the performance alerts and has set the Warning thresholds to 2%. Change the Warning percentage to 70 for all 5 Warning thresholds. you can reset all of the settings to the default by setting the Reset button. Note that by default. Select OK to save the settings.
View the high switch port utilization alert in the Alerts View Determine which port is affected Determine the connected port and what type of object it is Determine if there is a host that has an increased IO load during this time that may have contributed to the issue
Open the Alerts View
Select the Operations icon on the left hand side of the UI.
. The alert occurred on WWN 202800053376A338 and shows a utilization of 72%. The bottom half of the window shows details for the alert. This will open the Alerts View. You want to investigate the highlighted alert which is a Switch Port Link Utilization alert on switch losbe175. As a storage administrator. you are utilizing ProSphere to monitor various performance metrics in the storage environment.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Troubleshooting a Performance Issue Based on an Alert
This lesson will step you through viewing a switch port link utilization alert and troubleshooting the potential performance issues due to the alert. You find that you've received a warning alert for high switch port utilization and want ot investigate the alert.
select the Alert and CI tab. To view details about the switch.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select the Timeline tab in the bottom window. This will show a detailed timeline of the alert including the time of creation. Open the Switch CI Dialog
1. Select the CI hyperlink to open the CI dialog for switch losbe175. the time the alert last occurred and if the alert has been closed or acknowledged. We now know the alert first occurred on April 20 2012. 2.ProSphere 1.
The connected port WWN is 200F0005E35C030 and we can see that it is connected to Port 15 of switch losam023. We can see that the running speed of the port is 4GB.ProSphere 1. You will find that it is an E port that resides on port 40 of switch losbe175. As such. Scroll down to find the relevant switch port with WWN 202800053376A338.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Find the Affected Port in CI Dialog
Select the Connectivity tab to view the connected nodes of the switch. We now know that the high port link utilization alert was triggered against the ISL link between switch losbe175 and losam023 and this ISL is potentially overloaded.
. you may need to add an ISL link to share the load or determine if there is a single host that is causing the issue.
ISL ports 3. We know from the alert timeline that the alert was created on April 20 2012. array ports
. Select OK.ProSphere 1. Select Custom and set the date range from April 20 2012 to April 21 2012. View Port Throughput Metrics for ISLs and Hosts.
The switch statistics are broken up into three categories: 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Investigate Performance Metrics at Time of Alert
Select the Performance tab to view performance metrics for the switch ports. host ports 2.
4. Select the Maximize icon in the Port Throughput .ProSphere 1.Hosts chart.Host chart to see what host increased its IO load at this time. View Maximized Port Throughput . 2. We can also see that the Port Throughput on the Array ports jumped at the same time. We can see that an IO spike began occurring at 11:08 for switch WWN 201500053376A338.5 Hands-On Lab #19 The Port Throughput –ISLs chart shows Port Throughput increased dramatically on April 20.Hosts Chart
. Highlight the line in the chart to see the WWN of the switch port registering the IO spike. Minimize the Port Throughput . Determine the Connected Host
Select the Connectivity tab and scroll down to determine what is connected to switch port 201500053376A338.
Groups are a static collection of objects that are only updated manually by a ProSphere user.
Enabling Performance Collection for a Group of Objects
Creating a Smart Group and Enabling Performance Data Collection
ProSphere provides the ability to create groups of objects.Change the collection interval for the Smart Group to 60 minutes.0GB and is connected to host lglac015. There are two types of groups in Prosphere: Groups and Smart Groups. you want to set the performance interval for these hosts to 60 minutes. For example. . It is running at 4. you want to create a Smart Group that contains all non-Windows hosts and you want to enable performance for that group. As the Storage Administrator. You can choose to further investigate the host performance metrics for host lglac015 at this point. Because you know that these hosts are not supporting critical applications.ProSphere 1. you could create a group for all hosts with an Operating System of Windows and are Virtual Machines.5 Hands-On Lab #19 We can see that the switch port in question is port 21.Enable performance for the Smart Group .Create a Smart Group that contains non-Windows hosts .
. Smart Groups are groups of objects that are created and dynamically updated based on a certain set of criteria that is defined when the group is created.
. Select Groups Expand Groups
Select the triangle next to Groups in the left hand window to expand the existing groups on the system. You can also see that the Path Performance Collection is enabled for the various groups. You will see that there are numerous groups that have already been created.ProSphere 1. Select the Discovery icon in the left hand side of the UI 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Groups View
The righthand side of the window will show the various members of the Smart Group. 5. Select Operating System from the Attribute pull-down.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create Unix hosts Smart Group
Select Create Smart Group to open the Create Smart Group window. Select does not contain in the Operator pull-down. Enter UNIX hosts in the Smart Group Name field. Enter win in the Value field.ProSphere 1. Leave the CI Type set to Host. 4.
. 6. Select Save & Close to create the Smart Group.
Verify UNIX hosts Smart Group is Created
You will now see the UNIX hosts group listed in the Groups. 2. 3. 1.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Enable Performance for the Smart Group
1. Change the Path Performance Collection for UNIX hosts from OFF to ON by selecting the slider button. Select Settings for the UNIX hosts Smart Group. to monitor and analyze your
. Select OK to set save the collection interval settings. ProSphere. Change Performance Collection Interval to 60 minutes
Once the Path Performance Collection is enabled. the Settings hyperlink becomes available. Select Groups 2.ProSphere 1.
Congratulations. You have successfully utilized EMC's latest storage resource management tool. Select 60 in the Collection Interval pull-down menu.
Thank you for your interest in EMC and EMC ProSphere. If you have any further questions.5 Hands-On Lab #19 storage environment. please do not hesitate to contact your EMC Representative or stop by the ProSphere Demo Booth here at EMC World. create custom storage reports.
. You have navigated the ProSphere User Interface and learned how simple it is to discover objects. and troubleshoot a potential performance issue.ProSphere 1.