5 Hands-On Lab
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Table of Contents
Welcome to ABigTelco Company............................................... 3 Introduction to ProSphere ........................................................ 3 How Do I Navigate the ProSphere UI?...................................... 5
Company Overview ............................................................................ 3 Overview of ProSphere ....................................................................... 3 How to Login to the ProSphere User Interface ....................................... 5 Navigating the ProSphere UI ............................................................... 7 Exploring the "Admin" Views .............................................................. 10 Creating Users in ProSphere .............................................................. 14 How Do I Create an Access Credential? ............................................... 22 How Do I Create a Discovery Job? ...................................................... 29 How to Configure Passive Host Discovery ............................................ 35
How Do I Discover Objects in ProSphere? .............................. 22
Performing Array Based Capacity Reporting Using the Capacity Dashboard .............................................................................. 41
Viewing Total Storage in the Environment ........................................... 41 Of the Usable Storage, How Much is Being Used? ................................. 47 What are the Characteristics of the Used Storage? ................................ 50 Using Filters and Sort in Explore View ................................................. 53 Analyzing Storage Utilization in Storage Pools ...................................... 59 Viewing Information about LUNs ........................................................ 67 Creating a Host-Based Showback Report ............................................. 74 Accessing the Array CI Dialog ............................................................ 80 View an End-to-End Map for a Virtual Machine ..................................... 85 Viewing Other Information for ESX Hosts............................................. 88 Displaying Performance Information for Passively Discovered Hosts ........ 92
Creating Custom Pages and Showback Reports ...................... 53
Viewing Detailed Information for Arrays ................................ 80 Utilizing ProSphere for Troubleshooting ................................. 85
Troubleshooting Switch Alerts within ProSphere.................... 97
Setting Performance Threshold Alerts ................................................. 97 Troubleshooting a Performance Issue Based on an Alert ...................... 100 Creating a Smart Group and Enabling Performance Data Collection ....... 105
Enabling Performance Collection for a Group of Objects ...... 105 Conclusion ............................................................................ 108
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Welcome to ABigTelco Company
This EMC Hands On Lab will introduce you to EMCs new storage resource management (SRM) software solution - ProSphere. You are the lead storage administrator at ABigTelco Company - a fast growing telecommunications company looking to grow even faster. You are tasked with monitoring the current storage environment and provisioning storage for new departments. You need a tool that helps you perform your daily monitoring activities as well as a tool that provides visibility into your current storage utilization. You have just deployed EMC ProSphere to help you address your SRM needs. EMC ProSphere is designed to be a lightweight, agent-less and scalable solution that simplifies storage resource management.
Introduction to ProSphere
Overview of ProSphere
Before we get started, lets take a look at the components that make up the ProSphere application. ProSphere is a lightweight, agent-less storage resource management solution. It is released as a vApp which means the software is provided as a pre-packaged set of VMs that deploy directly into your VMware environment. The ProSphere vApp is comprised of three or more servers. The servers and their purpose are listed below: ProSphere Manager - Responsible for all management of functionality and the web interface to ProSphere. Discovery Engine - Manages the discovery of objects.
0 was the initial release and provided the ability to perform end-to-end host-to-storage performance troubleshooting.x environment and run SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 SP1. It utilizes SNMP to communicate to Cisco SANs. It utilizes SMI-S to discover EMC Storage and Brocade SANs. It utilizes the VMware API to communicate to VirtualCenter. This method of discovery creates host objects based on the parsing of zone names.5 was the second major release of ProSphere whose main feature was array-based capacity reporting. It can validate host names against DNS and provides the ability to show end-to-end relationships for hosts without ever communicating to the host. It can communicate to Windows hosts via WMI or WSMAN and UNIX hosts via SSH. Collector .5 Hands-On Lab #19 Historical Database .Optional VMs that perform discovery operations and allow for the scale-out of ProSphere. ProSphere is an agent-less solution.Repository for performance and capacity information. ProSphere 1. It relies on standards based protocols to communicate to objects in the storage environment for discovery. ProSphere 1. The virtual machines run in an ESX 4. ProSphere also provides the ability to passively discover hosts.ProSphere 1.x or 5.
5 Hands-On Lab #19
How Do I Navigate the ProSphere UI?
How to Login to the ProSphere User Interface
The lesson provides the steps needed to login to the ProSphere User Interface (UI). As the lead storage administrator. Start the Web Browser
Open the ProSphere shortcut that is available on the desktop.ProSphere 1. Acknowledge the Certificate Warning
Select to Continue to this website on the the web browser security certificate screen. you will utilize ProSphere to monitor the current storage environment. This lesson will simply launch the ProSphere UI with full Security Administrator privileges.
We will explore various aspects of the Dashboard in additional lessons.ProSphere 1.The Dashboard
The initial screen displayed upon login is the Storage Capacity Dashboard.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Log in to ProSphere
Enter appadmin in the User field. Enter Changme1! in the Password field. Initial ProSphere view . Select Login.
Performance Dashboard 3. Search. The Basic UI Sections
The UI is based on a common EMC standard that is being used by all EMC applications. The sub views for the selected main view.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Navigating the ProSphere UI
This lesson will illustrate the UI components and features. The main function views 2.Capacity Dashboard (shown) . As the lead storage administrator. 1. you are looking at the Dashboard which has two sub views . Logout. Step through some of the various sections of the ProSphere UI to understand their purpose. You will need to become familiar with the basic layout of the ProSphere User Interface. The UI is built on Adobe FLEX and requires FLASH Player. you have implemented ProSphere to monitor your storage environment. In this case. and Help
. Mouse over the pie graphs and you see what each section represents Drilling into an Applet Window
1.Search is a feature will let you find an object using any combination of characters.Chart or graph that displays data.
. Provide the session information .ProSphere Application Server name 5.Logout door will end your session .ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 . Applet . Maximize the Usable Capacity chart.The Role of the user .User name that is logged in .Question mark provides access to the help screens which includes a complete set on online documentation 4. More detail is available when the applet is maximized.
There four icons in the top right hand side of the window:(from left to right) . Observe that the window was restored to it's original size in the Dashboard view.Restore (return to the original view) We will explore this chart in more detail in a different lesson.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Exploring a detailed view
In the detailed view.
.ProSphere 1. you will see the objects that are providing the data.Help . 1. Restoring the view 1.Tools .Refresh . Select the Restore icon in the upper right-hand corner of the applet window. 2.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Exploring the "Admin" Views
There are numerous administrative tasks that can be performed within ProSphere. This lesson will walk you through some of the administrative functions of ProSphere. As the lead storage administrator, it is your responsibility to administer ProSphere. Step through the various Administrative tasks to understand what you will be capable of doing within the ProSphere UI. View the Sub-Views
Mouse over any of the icons in the left hand side of the ProSphere UI to reveal the sub views. This example shows that there are 3 sub views under the Admin icon: - Users and Security - System - Alert Management
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Exploring the Admin features
Click on Admin > Users and Security to explore the Users and Security settings. 1. Manage Users - Add local and/or domain users to ProSphere. 2. Manage LDAP/AD Authentication - Add your corporate user authentication service for domain user authentication. 3. Import Certificate - Import a customer provided certificate. 4. Export Certificate - Export a secure ProSphere generated certificate for the customer to use. 5. Configure Synchronization Passphrase - Used to authenticate the communication between multiple ProSphere instances for federation of multiple sites. 6. Select System.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
The Admin, System Settings 1. Manage Application Software - Determine current versions of ProSphere VMs and apply updates to the ProSphere VMs through the UI. For those familiar with applying updates to ProSphere 1.0, updating through the VAMI interface is no longer necessary. 2. Import Performance Data - Import the ControlCenter WLA Archiver data for the objects that have been discovered in ProSphere. 3. Synchronize ProSphere Application - Federate multiple ProSphere Applications (sites) together. 4. Manage Licenses - Apply ProSphere licenses. 5. Manage Logs - Download ProSphere logs from the UI so that the can be utilized by EMC Customer Service for troubleshooting. 6. Configure ConnectEMC Service - Transfer event information directly to EMC Support. 7. Select Alert Management
5 Hands-On Lab #19
1. Manage SNMP Trap Destinations .Configure SNMP trap destinations to forward traps based on ProSphere alerts.ProSphere 1. Manage Alert Sources .
. 2.Enable and disable alert sources from element managers.Configure the thresholds for performance alerts. 3. Manage Performance Alert Thresholds .
There are three different levels of security in ProSphere: Security Administrator Create and manage users Assign user roles Configure LDAP authentication Configure synchronization passphrase Import and Export secure certificate Modify system password Monitor system services Configure and manage data sources Upload licenses Create and manage discovery jobs Search for objects View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts Create a Group Enable path performance collection for the discovered objects System Administrator Modify system password Monitor system services Configure and manage data sources Upload licenses Create and manage discovery jobs Search for objects View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts Create a Group Enable path performance collection for the discovered objects User Search for objects Create and manage discovery jobs View objects in maps View object properties Manage and view alerts
.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Creating Users in ProSphere
This lesson will step the user through creating different types of users within ProSphere.ProSphere 1.
As the lead Storage Administrator. 2. Select the Admin icon on the left hand side of the screen. 3. . Select Manage Users. Access the User Management Interface
1. Select the Users and Security tab.Create and test a local user named sysadmin that has all privileges within ProSphere except User Management.
. .Create and test a local user named user that does not have any Administrative privileges within ProSphere. you are required to create users with different security roles.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 ProSphere has recently been deployed to monitor the storage environment.
This screenshot is provided to show the password requirements when creating a local user. When you select a User in the Manage Users section. Select Create User to create a new ProSphere user. Note that the password security requirements for local users will be displayed if the password that you enter does not meet the requirements.
.ProSphere 1. the Details window in the bottom of the screen will show which Role(s) are assigned to that user.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Existing Users and Authentication Methods
This window shows all of the configured users in ProSphere and shows that whether the authentication method is Local or LDAP.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a local user
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Select Local in the Authentication Method pull-down. Enter user in the User name field. Enter EMCWorld2012! in the password filed Enter EMCWorld2012! in the Re-enter Password field. Select User from the Available Roles window. Select Add > to add the User role to the Selected Roles. Select OK to create the user user.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Verify Creation of "user"
Select user from the User Name list and verify that the only role assigned to it is User. Logout of the ProSphere UI by selecting the logout icon in the top right-hand side of the window.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Log into ProSphere as "user"
Login to ProSphere as user with a password of EMCWorld2012!
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Observe the UI
After logging in as "user". Logout of the ProSphere UI Login to the ProSphere UI with the user appadmin and a password of Changeme1!
.ProSphere 1. note that you no longer have access to the Admin icon on the left hand side of the UI.
.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a sysadmin User with System Administrator Privileges
Use the same procedure to create a local user called "sysadmin" with a role of System Administrator. Logout of the ProSphere UI. Login to ProSphere with the sysadmin user.
The next step is to discover the SAN environment. Login to ProSphere with the appadmin user and a password of Changeme1!
How Do I Discover Objects in ProSphere?
How Do I Create an Access Credential?
This lesson steps the user through the creation of Access Credentials within ProSphere.ProSphere 1.
. Hint . you will need to create access credentials to discover your EMC storage.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Observe the UI
Determine what operations are not allowed by the sysadmin user. As the lead storage administrator. Discovery in ProSphere is a two-step process. Access Credentials are used to define a communication protocol as well as authentication credentials for objects to be discovered within ProSphere. Cisco SAN and VMware environment. ProSphere has just been installed in the environment and users have been created.Review the possible actions that are available to you under the Administration icon. Logout of the ProSphere UI. The first step is to create access credentials which are used to access the various objects within ProSphere.
ProSphere 1. .Create an SMI-S Access Credential to discover EMC Storage .5 Hands-On Lab #19 . Select Access Credentials
.Create a VMware Access Credential to discover the ESX environment.Create an SNMP v3 Access Credential to discover the Cisco SAN Open the Access Credentials View
1. Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI. 2.
Select the divider bar and drag it downward to expose all of the configured access credentials. 3. View divider bar. Select the VMware . Objects List. 2. Discovery Jobs. This shows the configured access credentials.ProSphere 1.
. Groups.cc-ro access credential.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Explore the Access Credentials View
1. 4. The details show that it has been successfully used to complete a Discovery Job.
1. In the Discovery view you have four sub-views: Access Credentials. Review the details of the Access Credential. 3. The bottom window shows the details for the selected Access Credential. 2.
Select OK to create the Access Credential. 3.
. Enter admin in the User Name field. Select Create Access Credential. 6.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create an Access Credential for EMC Storage
Discovery of EMC Arrays is performed by accessing the EMC SMI-S provider. 2. Leave the Interop Namespace set to interop. The EMC SMI-S Provider needs to the latest 4.3 version for ProSphere 1. 4.2 version for ProSphere 1. This is the EMC SMI-S user. 1. 5. 8. This is the password for the EMC SMI-S user. Enter EMC Storage in the Name field.6. Select SMI-S in the Type field.5 and SMI-S 4. Leave the port at 5988. 7. Enter #1Password in the Password and Confirm Password fields.
6. 1. Enter password in the Password and Confirm Password fields.ProSphere 1. 7.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create an Access Credential for VMware
Discovery of VMware can be performed against an individual ESX server or against the VirtualCenter server. Select Create Access Credential. Select OK to create the Access Credential. User privileges that are required for discovery consist of the Read-Only role with the addition of the Browse Datastore privilege. 5. 4. Enter read-only in the User Name field.
. Leave the port at 443. 7. Select VMware Infrastructure in the Type pull-down list. Enter VMware Environment in the Name field. 3. 2. Leave the SSL Enabled box selected.
The Authentication Protocol can be set to MD5 or SHA. This is the passphrase that is configured on the Cisco switch. This is the secure user that is configured on your Cisco switches. 3. 4. 5. Enter sanuser in the User Name field. Enter password in the Authentication Passphrase field. Verify the Port is set to 161. AES or DES. 2. 7. Enter Cisco SNMPv3 in the Name field. Set the Privacy Protocol set to AES. Select Create Access Credential. 8. Leave the Authentication Protocol set to MD5. This example steps you through the creation of an SNMP v3 Access Credential.ProSphere 1. 1.
. The Privacy Protocol can be set to None. 6.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Creating an Access Credential for Cisco SAN
Cisco discovery occurs over SNMP. Select SNMP v3 in the Type pull-down list. ProSphere supports both SNMPv1/v2 as well as SNMP v3.
Enter password in the Privacy Passphrase field. This is the passphrase that is configured on the Cisco switch.5 Hands-On Lab #19 9.
.ProSphere 1. Select OK to create the Access Credential. 10.
Create a Discovery Job for EMC arrays that have been discovered by the EMC SMI-S provider running on host emcsmi.acme.com and assign the EMC Storage Access Credential to it. They are used in conjunction with Access Credentials which provide the authorization information. Discovery Jobs are used to define the IP addresses or hostnames that will be discovered. we will not be able to run an actual Discovery Job. Access the Discovery Jobs View
. As such. we will simply step through the creation of a Discovery Job. Create a Discovery Job that will discover EMC arrays. Since this demo system does not have access to live equipment.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
How Do I Create a Discovery Job?
This lesson steps the user through the creation of Discovery Jobs within ProSphere. .
and delete a job.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1. edit a job. Select Discovery Jobs Explore the Discovery Jobs View
1. These are the functions available for creating and modifying a Discovery Job. Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI. 3.ProSphere 1. run a job on demand. The top window shows basic information about the configured Discovery Jobs. enable and disable a job. The bottom window shows detailed information about the selected Discovery Job.
. 2. You can select the date/timestamp hyperlink to view the discovery log. Configure Host Resolution is used to perform passive host discovery which is discussed in a different lesson. 2. You can create a job.
ProSphere 1.Job Information
1. Select Create Job. Enter EMC Storage in the Job Name field. 2. 3.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage . Select Next.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage . 1. Check the Arrays box. For EMC Arrays. you will point to the host running the EMC SMI-S provider. 2.acme. It also informs ProSphere which host(s) to communicate to for the Discovery Job. Enter emcsmi. 3.Set Scope
This step informs ProSphere what object type(s) should be detected for the Discovery Job.com in the INCLUDE field.
. Select Next >. Note that you can select multiple object types.ProSphere 1.
. 2.Select Access Credentials
1. 3. Select Next >. Highlight the EMC Storage Access Credential. Select Add.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage .
It should be noted that the Discovery Job will only perform the initial detection of the object(s).Automatic updating based on change indications 3 .Set Schedule
The final step allows you to set a schedule for the Discovery Job. Once an object is discovered in ProSphere.Manually rediscovering the object in the Objects View 2 . Rediscoveries are handled via one of three methods: 1 .Automatically updated based on internal rediscovery intervals Select Finish to create the EMC Storage Discovery Job. It will only perform detection and discovery of new objects that are added to the environment. the Discovery Job does not discover objects that have previously been discovered in ProSphere.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Discovery Job for EMC Storage .
. Note: if you see the error “A Schedule’s start time cannot be in the past. Please enter a valid start time” increment the date and/or time to some time in the future.ProSphere 1.
optionally validating those host names against DNS.6 will allow you to report on allocated storage to passively discovered hosts. As such. Your zone naming convention is as follows: <hostname>_<symm serial #>_<FA port> for example: lglob211_0287_7G0
. This will allow a user to see an end-to-end view of of hosts to storage without the need to communicate to that host. and then creating the host object with the corresponding HBA ports. ProSphere 1. The limitations for this method are that ProSphere can not gather any specific information about host devices. you need to gain access to some hosts in which the system administrators will not allow you to actively discover. As such. the performance charts for host devices will not be populated. As the lead storage administrator. you want to passively discover these hosts within ProSphere to gain some visibility to their storage allocation.5 Hands-On Lab #19
How to Configure Passive Host Discovery
Passive discovery allows for the creation of host objects within ProSphere without performing any communication to the host. This is accomplished by parsing the zone names for host names. However.ProSphere 1. you will be able to view the performance for the array LUNs that are allocated to passively discovered hosts. since ProSphere is able to determine the LUNs that are allocated to each HBA port.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select the Configure Host Resolution button
Leave the DNS options set to Upon successful validation by DNS. The Configure Host Resolution window will close.Without using DNS .Does not use DNS to validate that the host name exists. 2.Upon successful validation by DNS .ProSphere 1.
There are three options for validating hostnames with DNS: 1 . Select OK. 3 . Select the box next to Resolve Hosts.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 1.Attempts to resolve hosts even if DNS validation fails. You will need to select the Configure Host Resolution button to reopen the window.Independent validation by DNS . 2 .Does not attempt to resolve hosts if DNS validation fails.
. You will modify an existing template to match your zone naming scheme which is <hostname>_<symm serial #>_<FA port> Change the zone template in the fourth row to match your zone naming convention: %h%_*_* Select Resolve Now to perform the passive host discovery.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Modify Zone Name Template
There are five Zone Name Templates that are pre-configured.ProSphere 1.
5 Hands-On Lab #19
This pop-up message will be displayed indicating that the discovery operation is active.ProSphere 1.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Objects List View
1. Select Objects List. Hosts that are created by passive discovery will have a value of System in the Created By column.ProSphere 1. Select Hosts. Review Passively Discovered Host Results
Select the Created By column two times to sort from high to low. Select the Discovery icon on the left hand side of the UI.You will see two hosts that have been passively discovered: lglob211 and lglob212.
. We will explore the performance capabilities of passively discovered hosts in a separate lesson. The Discovery Status column will show N/A for passively discovered hosts.Of the total raw storage. In this case we see that the Path Performance Collection shows that collections are ON. The company is in the process of expanding and a new department will require 50TB of RAID1 storage (100TB raw storage). . .Determine if Hopkinton has enough unconfigured storage to provision 100TB of storage to a new organization.ProSphere 1. This is because there is no direct communication with the host and therefore no way to obtain this information. . determine how much has been configured to be used.Determine how much raw storage is unconfigured. .Utilize ProSphere to determine how much raw storage is in the enterprise. Passively discovered hosts can be enabled to pull in performance data for the corresponding switch ports.Determine if New York can meet the 100TB request with unconfigured storage.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Note that the Operating System and Operating System Version columns are empty. FA ports and array LUNs. .
Performing Array Based Capacity Reporting Using the Capacity Dashboard
Viewing Total Storage in the Environment
This lesson steps the user through using the Raw Capacity Usage chart to understand the total amount of storage in the environment.
ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Capacity Dashboard
Select Dashboard. Review the Raw Capacity Usage chart
. Select the Capacity tab.
This appears to meet the demand for 50TB of RAID1 storage.Total Raw . Maximize the Raw Capacity Usage chart
Select the Maximize icon in the top right hand corner of the Raw Capacity Usage Chart.ProSphere 1.RAID Overhead .Configured Usable .Unconfigured .
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Mouse over the various areas of the chart to see the following total capacities in the environment: .Hot Spares The chart shows that there is approximately 157TB of Unconfigured storage.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Analyze Capacity for Arrays and Sites
Review the chart details in the bottom half of the window to see the various capacities for each array.
Customize the Displayed Columns
Select the Tools Icon in the upper right-hand corner of the window. Note that the right-hand column contains a customized ProSphere Application name.
ProSphere 1. Array Type. Serial Number and RAID Overhead (GB) in the Selected columns window (Use the Ctrl key to select multiple entries) Select < Remove to remove them from the Selected columns window Select OK Sort the information based on the ProSphere Application column.
Select the ProSphere Application column header to sort the information by site
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Remove columns from the display
Highlight Configured Usable (GB).
There is approximately 111TB of total unconfigured storage for the two New York arrays. This shows that there is approximately 46TB of total unconfigured storage on the four Hopkinton arrays. Thus. Restore the Raw Capacity Usage chart to its original size
Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window
.ProSphere 1. only the New York site can meet the storage request.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine which site(s) can meet the 50GB RAID1 storage request
Review the Unconfigured (GB) capacity column for the Hopkinton arrays and New York arrays.
The remaining 30TB can be from any configured storage that is not being used. How Much is Being Used?
This lesson steps the user through using the Usable Capacity chart to understand how much the configured storage is being used.Utilize ProSphere to determine the how much configured storage is being used in the entire environment . . Maximize the Usable Capacity chart
. The request is now that the unconfigured storage be configured for 20TB of RAID1 storage. Management has decided that the new department will be located in Hopkinton and asks you to investigate if there is configured storage that is not being used that can help to meet the request of 50TB of storage. Given that department location will not change.Determine if the Hopkinton arrays have enough free pool storage to meet the 30TB demand.Determine how much free pool storage is in the environment .ProSphere 1.Determine how much free storage is in the environment . they have removed the restriction that it all must be RAID1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Of the Usable Storage.Determine if the Hopkinton arrays have enough free storage to meet the 30TB demand .
ProSphere 1. Free and Pool Free storage in the entire environment. Sort the information based on the ProSphere Application column
. Also. The pie chart allows you to quickly see that there is approximately 93TB of Used storage in the environment.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the Maximize icon in the top right-hand corner of the Usable Capacity chart Review the total usable capacity information for the entire environment
Review the pie chart in the upper-half of the screen to understand the Used. there is over 100TB of configured free storage in the environment as well as almost 43TB of pool free storage.
You can quickly see that Symmetrix 0149 has approximately 50TB of Free storage.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select the ProSphere Application column header to sort the information by site Review the Free and Pool Free columns for the Hopkinton arrays
Review the Free column for the four Hopkinton arrays. the additional 30TB of storage needed for the new department can easily be handled by the Free space on Symmetrix 0149. As far as Pool Free storage. As such. Restore the Usable Capacity chart to its original size
Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window
. there is available storage on the Hopkinton arrays to meet the 30TB request.ProSphere 1. the storage will need to come from a CX4 array. Note that in order to meet the additional 30TB demand.
local replica.ProSphere 1. They would also like to understand how much storage is being used for local and remote replica.Determine which array in New York has the most Primary Used Storage
. remote replica or system used.Determine the total amount of Local Replica storage used in the environment . Specifically they want to know how much of the used storage is primary storage being directly used by applications and want to know which array has the most used storage in both Hopkinton and New York.Determine the total amount of Remote Replica storage used in the environment .Determine the total amount of Primary Used storage in the environment .Determine which array in Hopkinton has the most Primary Used storage . Management has requested detailed information about the storage that is currently used.5 Hands-On Lab #19
What are the Characteristics of the Used Storage?
This lesson steps the user through using the Used Capacity by Purpose chart to understand how much of the usable storage is primary. .Determine the total amount of System storage used in the environment .
ProSphere 1. Local Replica Used. Remote Replica Used and System Used capacities in the environment. This chart shows that the majority of used storage in
. Review the total used capacities
Review the pie chart to understand the total Primary Used.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Maximize the Used Capacity by Purpose chart
Select the maximize icon in the upper right-hand corner of the Used Capacity by Purpose chart.
ProSphere 1.10 GB of Remote Replica Used storage. Restore the Used Capacity by Purpose chart to its original size
Select the Restore icon in the top right-hand corner of the window
. Symmetrix 0354 has the most Primary Used storage in New York with 32 TB. The table shows that CX4 960 with serial number ending 0345 has the most Primary Used storage in Hopkinton with 27 TB. Review the used capacities for individual arrays
Review the array detail information in the table at the bottom of the screen to see which array has the most Primary Used storage in each site.5 Hands-On Lab #19 the environment is Primary storage. There is approximately 180GB of Local Replica Used storage and only 2.
Pool Free capacity and site name. Select Storage. Configured capacity including RAID.5. Free capacity. 3. you would like to have specific summary level information about each array on a single page that can be accessed at any time. . Select Explore.Verify that the page can be closed and reopened Access the Explore View for storage arrays
1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Creating Custom Pages and Showback Reports
Using Filters and Sort in Explore View
This lesson will introduce the user to the Explore View that was introduced in ProSphere 1. Unconfigured capacity. Select Arrays.Use tools to select specific columns of interest . 2. As the lead storage administrator.
.Use Explore View to create a custom page . It will allow the user to create custom pages that displays a specific set of columns a well as a filtered set of columns. The information of most interest to you includes the Array.ProSphere 1.Rename the page to Arrays Summary . Firmware.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review available columns in Arrays tab
Utilize the scroll bar at the bottom of the screen to view the full set of information displayed in this page. Create a custom page with specific columns
Select the Tools icon in the top right-hand corner of the window to access the Select Columns window
. Note that you can select multiple columns by holding down the Ctrl key. Array Model. Hot Spares (GB).5 Hands-On Lab #19 Select specific columns
Remove the following columns from the page by highlighting each one and selecting Remove. Total Raw (GB). Array Type. % Pool Subscribed. and Array Health Select OK to create the new page. System Used (GB). Remote Replica Used (GB). % Pool Used. Primary Used (GB). Unusable (GB). Pool Subscribed (GB). Local Replica Used (GB). Configured Usable (GB). Pool Usable (GB). Used (GB). RAID Overhead (GB).
It appends a number to the original page name. Note that ProSphere automatically creates and saves the page. Your page name may have a different number.ProSphere 1. Select OK to change the name
. in this example it shows Arrays (4).5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the custom arrays page that was created
A custom page will be created that contains only the specific columns that were not removed. Rename the page to Array Summary
1. Enter Arrays Summary in the New Name field of the Rename window 3. Double-click the Arrays (4) name to bring up the Rename window 2.
Select Open Existing Page
. Reopen the Arrays Summary page
1. Select the green "+" sign 2.ProSphere 1. This page is now saved and can be closed and reopened at any time.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Verify Report is Renamed
The tab will now show the name of the page as Arrays Summary. Close the Arrays Summary page
Select the small "x" next to the Arrays Summary name to remove the page from the display.
5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select the Arrays Summary page from the list. Note that the built-in pages do not have the option to be deleted.ProSphere 1. The Arrays Summary page will now be available in the UI.
. Select the Capacity tab. As a storage administrator.Use the Capacity Dashboard to quickly understand pool utilization in the environment .Use the Explore View to create a custom page that displays thin pools that are greater than 70% utilized Access the Capacity Dashboard
Select Dashboard. .Drill down to view details about the associated LUNs for a specific storage pool .ProSphere 1. you are required to monitor storage pools in the environment and understand their utilization.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Analyzing Storage Utilization in Storage Pools
This lesson explains how to utilize ProSphere to analyze information about Storage Pools.
scroll down to view the Usable Capacity by Pools table.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Usable Capacity by Pools Table
If necessary. Maximize the Usable Capacity by Pools table
Select the Maximize icon in the top right hand corner of the Usable Capacity by Pools table.ProSphere 1. Pool Usable. By default.
. Review Information for TestThinPool in Maximized Chart
Review the additional information available for the TestThinPool. The table now shows Pool Type. the pools are displayed showing the highest % Pool Used at the top of the table. % Pool Used. % Pool Subscribed and ProSphere Application columns. This table quickly shows that TestThinPool is at 89% used.
.23 GB in size. The Consumers tab shows those host-accessible thin devices that are consuming storage from the thin pool. Review LUN Contributors Details for TestThinPool
Select the LUN Contributors tab to review the data devices that provide storage for the storage pool. They all reside on SATA disks. This will show that that data devices have a RAID-1 protection and are 11. Review Consumers Details for TestThinPool
With TestThinPool highlighted in the top half of the screen.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 This shows that (as the name implies) TestThinPool is indeed a Thin Pool. review the Details window at the bottom of the screen.
the amount of subscribed storage from the pool as well as the amount of oversubscribed storage from the pool.ProSphere 1. This shows that the disk contributors are all 7200 RPM SATA devices. This shows the amount of enabled storage in the pool.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Disk Contributors Details for TestThinPool
Select the Disk Contributors tab to review the physical disks that are members of the thin pool.
. Review Subscription Details for TestThinPool
Select the Subscriptions tab.
. Show the Filters
Select Show Filter from the icon in the top right hand side of the window. Select Storage. Select the Pools tab.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Pools Page in the Explore View
Select Explore.ProSphere 1.
The page will now only shows pools that have a pool type of Thin Pool. Select OK. 2. Select the pull-down menu for the Pool Type column. Select the box next to Thin Pool.ProSphere 1. Create a Filter for % Pool Used > 70
Select the pull-down arrow above the % Pool Used column.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter to Show Thin Pools
. Select Custom.
Enter a value of 70. Review the Results
The results show that the only thin pool in the environment that currently exceeds 70% utilization is TestThinPool.ProSphere 1.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select > (Greater Than) from the resulting pull-down menu. Select OK.
3.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Rename the Custom Page
1. In this case it was Pools (5). Double-click on the existing name in the tab. Provide a custom page name in the Rename window.
. 2. The number on your page may be different. Select OK.ProSphere 1. The page is now saved with the custom name and can be closed and re-opened at any time.
The sorting and filter can be used to create permanent customized pages or used to create one-off pages that are used to meet random demands. Select Explore. As a storage administrator. Select the LUNs tab. 2. Also. Select Storage. Access the Explore View for LUNs
1.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Viewing Information about LUNs
This lesson introduces the LUNs tab that is available under the Explore View. .Create a page that displays LUNs that are mapped to front-end ports.
. but are not masked to any hosts. . you want to create a page that displays Mapped and Unmasked devices for all arrays in the environment for possible storage reclamation. you've received an allocation request in Hopkinton for a 60GB device and want to view all unused LUNs that are between 50GB and 100GB in size to address this request. The purpose of the LUNs tab is to show detailed property and capacity information for all of the LUNs in the environment. 3.ProSphere 1.Create a page that displays all unused LUNs that are between 50 and 100 GB.
Select OK. 3.ProSphere 1.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Show the Filters
Select Show Filter from the icon in the top right hand side of the window. Create a Filter to show Mapped Devices
1. The page will now show only those devices that are Mapped. Select the pull-down menu for the Is Mapped? column. Select the Yes box. 2.
The number on your page may be different. Double-click on the existing name in the tab. Select the pull-down menu for the Is Masked? column.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter to show Devices that are not Masked
1. 3. Select OK. In this case it was LUNs (11). These are devices that could potentially be reclaimed as they are not masked to any hosts. Provide a custom page name in the Rename window.
. Rename the Custom Page
1. The page will now show devices that are mapped but not masked.ProSphere 1. 2. Select OK. 2. Select the No box. 3.
The built-in LUNs page will now be displayed. Select Open Existing Page. 2. Open the Built-in LUNs page
Locate and select the LUNs page.ProSphere 1. Select the "+" sign at the right side of the page tabs.5 Hands-On Lab #19 The page is now saved with the custom name and can be closed and re-opened at any time.
Create a Filter for Unused Devices
Select the pull-down menu for the Is Used? column.
. Select the No box.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Show the Filters
Select the Filter icon on the top right-hand side of the window.ProSphere 1. Select Show Filter. Select OK.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create a Filter for the Hopkinton Site
Select the pull-down menu for ProSphere Application column. enter 50 and 100 in the LUN Capacity (GB) filter. Enter Hopk for the value for the Contains operator. Select OK. Select Custom.ProSphere 1. Create a Filter for the LUN Size
Select the pull-down menu for the LUN Capacity column.
. Select OK.
With the operator set to _ (Between).
Note that the columns in the above screenshot have been moved to show the three filtered columns together.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Results
The resulting page will show all unused devices from Hopkinton that are between 50GB and 100GB.
.ProSphere 1. Any of these devices can be used to meet the 60GB storage request.
As the storage administrator.5 provides the ability to perform array-based service level reporting as well as host chargeback/showback reporting.ProSphere 1.Utilize the Explore View to view the configured Service Levels in the environment. Note that ProSphere 1.Create a chargeback/showback report that shows the allocated storage for host lglob110. . you want to see a service level report for each array in your environment showing how much storage is configured.View the Service Level by Array page to determine the amount of free storage by service level for each array in Hopkinton. free and used for each Service Level. Host reporting is an array allocated based report based on storage allocated to the actively discovered host HBAs. Reporting will show storage based on built-in or user-defined service levels. . You have been requested to provide 1 TB of "Gold" storage for an application to be deployed in Hopkinton.6 will provide the ability to view storage allocated to passively discovered hosts.
. You have also been asked to provide a chargeback report for host "lglob110" to show the various types of storage allocated to that host.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Creating a Host-Based Showback Report
ProSphere 1. .
ProSphere 1. 3. 2.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Explore View for Service Levels
1. Select Service Levels. Select Explore. Select the Service Levels tab.
3.ProSphere 1. Review the Service Level capacity information for each Service Level. This shows that the Silver Service Level consists of the Pre Defined Silver Tier that includes any RAID 5 Fibre Channel device as well as the User Defined Silver RAID 6 FC Tier that includes any Fibre Channel RAID6 device.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Current Service Level Storage
1. Review the details of the Tiers of storage that make up the Silver Service Level in the bottom half of the screen. This may be sufficient to meet the storage request. This shows that there is over 5TB of "Gold" storage that is reported in the Service Level Free column.
. Select the Silver Service level in the top half of the screen. 2. You will need to determine if this storage is available in Hopkinton. 4.
. Review the Service Levels for Hopkinton
Review the various Service Level capacities for the Hopkinton-based arrays.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine the Amount of Storage per Service Level for each Array
Select the Array by Service Level tab. This shows that there is approximately 2TB of free gold storage for Symmetrix 287 which is sufficient to meet the 1TB storage request. Open the Host by Service Level page
Select the Host by Service Level tab.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 This page will show the allocated storage to each actively discovered host in ProSphere. 2. Select OK. Enter lglob110 as the value for Contains operator. Open the Filters
Select Show Filter from under the Filter icon in the top right-hand side of the window. 3.ProSphere 1. Create a Filter for Host "lglob110"
1. Select the pull-down menu for the Host column.
. This page can now be closed and re-opened at any time.ProSphere 1. Enter a custom name for your page in the Rename window. Select OK to save the lglob110 host chargeback/showback page. Note that you may have a different number in your page name.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review the Results
The results show that there are 4 different Service Levels presented to host lglob110: Gold Gold SAS Silver SAS Bronze Rename the Custom Page
1. Double-click the Host by Service Level (6) tab.
Open the CI dialog by selecting the hyperlink in the maximized Raw Capacity Details chart . you are interested in seeing detailed information about the smaller VMAX array in Hopkinton.ProSphere 1. Select the Dashboard icon in the left hand side of the ProSphere UI 2.View Raw Capacity Usage chart for all arrays on the Capacity Dashboard . Specifically. As a Storage Administrator.
. Select the maximize icon to maximize the Raw Capacity Usage chart. performance and capacity information. .5 Hands-On Lab #19
Viewing Detailed Information for Arrays
Accessing the Array CI Dialog
This lesson shows a user two different ways to access the Configuration Item (CI) dialog for an array.Determine what is the smallest VMAX array for the Hopkinton site . you want to view detailed attributes. Select Capacity 3.Open the CI dialog by searching for the array Access the Raw Capacity Usage Chart on the Capacity Dashboard
1. You want to understand the performance of the front-end directors and want to be able to understand the storage utilization.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Determine which VMAX Array is the Smallest in Hopkinton
Review the details of the Raw Capacity Usage chart to determine which VMAX array in Hopkinton is the smallest. We can quickly see that there are two VMAX arrays in Hopkinton: 0149 and 0287. To determine "smallest" we will look for the array that has the least Total Raw (GB) storage.ProSphere 1.
. we can see that array 0287 is the smallest. Select the hyperlink for Symmetrix 0287 to open the CI dialog for the array. Of the two VMAX arrays.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Review Capacity Chart for Array 0287
Since the hyperlink was selected from the Capacity Dashboard.ProSphere 1. You will notice that this table includes capacity information about the Thick LUNs as well as all of the Pool capacity. the CI Dialog automatically opens the Capacity tab in the Details window at the bottom of the UI.
1. Select the Free (GB) column two times to perform a descending sort on the column.
. 2. Select the Maximize icon for the Usable Capacity chart to view details of of the Usable Capacity for Symmetrix 0287.
2. Select the Attributes tab. View Array Attributes
The Attributes tab shows various information such as Model. Enter 0149 in the search field in the top right-hand corner of the UI. In a live environment. Accessing Array CI Dialog via Search
1.ProSphere 1. Select the magnifying glass icon to search for the string. We will investigate the Performance tab in a separate lesson. you would be able to launch directly into Symmetrix Management Console (SMC) to perform various operations in SMC such as storage provisioning. Microcode. and SMC Element Managers.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19
. This is because you selected the hyperlink from the search results as opposed to from a capacity chart in the Capacity Dashboard. Notice that the default tab that is opened is now the Attributes tab. View CI Dialog for Symmetrix 0149
The CI Dialog for Symmetrix 0149 is opened.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select the hyperlink for Symmetrix 0149 in the search results window.ProSphere 1.
View end-to-end map for lglac111 . You have had an inquiry about an application running on virtual machine lglac111.Search for lglac111 . You need to understand the relationship between virtual machine. SAN and storage. you want to understand the configuration of lglac111 as quickly as possible.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Utilizing ProSphere for Troubleshooting
View an End-to-End Map for a Virtual Machine
ProSphere is designed to quickly obtain and end-to-end view of host. As the lead storage administrator.ProSphere 1.
. SAN and storage.View all other VMs running on the corresponding ESX server Search for host lglac111
1. As such. Select lglac111 from the Search results window. . Search for lglac111 by entering lglac111 in the search field. datastore. ESX server. 2. It provides the ability to understand the layout of your VMware environment and it can be performed with as few as two clicks of the mouse. you occasionally need to understand the layout of your VMware environment.
Determine the Corresponding Array LUN for the Datastore
1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 View End-to-End Map
The CI dialog for lglac111 is immediately displayed showing an end-toend view from lglac111 to its visible storage. Select the ESX server lglac020 in the map. All of this information is easily displayed with just two mouse clicks. We can also see that it resides on datastore RoyVMStore1-symm0149.
. The map shows that the ESX server has two paths to four different storage arrays and it displays the two fabrics that are relevant for this host.ProSphere 1. This changes the focus of the Details window to the ESX Server. We can immediately see that virtual machine lglac111 resides on ESX server lglac020.
Scroll down to find Roy-VMStore1-symm0149. The ESX server sees each of these different paths as a different host device.ProSphere 1. Select the Path Details tab.5 Hands-On Lab #19 2. You have now mapped lglac111 to the ESX server. 3. You can now see the ESX host device.
. Note that you will see multiple entries for Roy-VMStore1-symm0149 listed in the path details tab. array LUN and array serial number for the datastore. Each of these entries represents a different path to the storage. datastore. array and array LUN.
Double-click on host lglac020 in the map to view the HBA ports (you can also right-click the and select Open Host) 2. View the Attributes of the ESX Server
You should already have ESX Server lglac020 available in the map. This lesson shows additional information available to you for the ESX Server. 1.ProSphere 1. If not.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Viewing Other Information for ESX Hosts
ProSphere provides various information about your ESX environment. You can view the various properties of your ESX server in this window. You have just seen how to quickly understand the end-to-end mapping of a virtual machine.
. Select the Attributes tab if it is not already selected. search for host lglac111 and select lglac020 in the map.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 Viewing Virtual Machines on an ESX Server
Select the VMs tab.
. Performance Graphs ProSphere provides various key performance indicator metrics for ESX servers.ProSphere 1. This view shows you all of the VMs that are currently running on this ESX server. They are accessible under the Performance tab. Viewing HBA Port Connectivity
Select the Connectivity tab. This view shows the HBA port mappings to the corresponding switch ports. This section introduces you to those metrics.
ProSphere 1. 3. Select Custom.Response Time metric is calculated as follows: (Queue Length + IOs per second)
The Performance tab show the six performance graphs related to the host. Set the date range from April 20 2012 to April 21 2012.IO metric is calculated as follows: (reads per sec) + (writes per sec) 2.IO metric is the number of I/O operations performed each second by the host device. Host Devices IO The Host Devices . Host Devices . The Host Devices .5 Hands-On Lab #19
1.Response Time The Host Devices – Response Time metric is the total of service and wait time in milliseconds required by the host device.
Select the Performance tab. 2. 4. Select OK. 1. The Host Devices .
Throughput metric shows the total number of kilobytes read and written each second by all of the host devices. Host Devices .ProSphere 1. Host CPU Utilization ProSphere displays a Host CPU Utilization chart in the Host Performance view when you display a host as the subject of a map in a CI dialog box. Port link Utilization The Port Link Utilization metric reflects the percentage of time that switch ports connected to this host are actively transmitting data.5 Hands-On Lab #19
3.Queue Length The Host Devices – Queue Length metric displays the average depth of the IO queue for the host device. A graph of this metric also appears in the Performance tab when a map shows a host as its subject. The Host Devices . The Port Link Utilization metric is calculated as follows: 100 * (#KbytesReceivedPerSec + #KbytesTransmittedPerSec) / #Speed 4.
.Throughput The Host Devices . 6. The Port Link Utilization chart displays a line for each switch port connected to the host. Host Devices .Throughput metric is calculated as follows: (Kbytes read per sec) + (Kbytes written per sec) 5.
A passively discovered host is a host which is populated in the ProSphere UI in which no direct communications occurs to the host. You have utilized the Passive Discovery feature of ProSphere to extract the hostname and HBA WWN information for the host. As the lead storage administrator. The system administrator will not allow any remote access to the host and therefore you are unable to actively discover it within ProSphere. . Enter 212 into the search field in the upper right hand corner of the UI.
.Utilize ProSphere to view the performance data for the switch ports that are connected to the host HBAs .5 Hands-On Lab #19
Displaying Performance Information for Passively Discovered Hosts
This lesson will step the user through the information available for a passively discovered host.Utilize ProSphere to view the performance data on the corresponding array LUNs that are allocated to host lglob212.ProSphere 1. The advantage of this to the storage administrator is that no agents need to be installed on a host and no authorization credentials are required to log into the host.Utilize search to find lglob212 within ProSphere and view an end-toend map of the host . The hostname and HBA WWNs are derived from the zone name information and the switch login information. you would like to view performance statistics related to a production host "lglob212". Search for Host lglob212
Double-click on the lglob156 fabric to view the actual switch port connection(s). 2.ProSphere 1. 3. Double click on host lglob212 to view the host HBA connections. Note that the the zoom features were used to generate the above display. Select the search icon to search for the string.5 Hands-On Lab #19 2. View Performance Data from Host
. View End-to-End Map
1. Select lglob212 from the Search results window.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 1. Make sure host lglob212 is selected in the map and then select the Performance tab in the lower window. This is because we do not actively communicate to the host to obtain host level performance metrics. Use the calendar to select April 24 2012 as the To date.
You will notice that only the Port Link Utilization chart is populated. This is because you are trying to view current data and the demo system only has performance data through April 24th. Select OK. Use the calendar to select April 22 2012 as that From date.ProSphere 1.
. Select Custom to choose custom dates for the performance data. 3. 2. 2. You will notice that none of the graphs are populated with data.
Again the performance charts will be blank because the view defaults to the current day. Select LUNs from host lglob212
. This will change the focus of the bottom Details window to the Symmetrix.5 Hands-On Lab #19 View Performance Data from Array
Select Symmetrix array 0287 in the map.ProSphere 1. Set the date range from April 22 2012 to April 24 2012. Set Date Range
Select Custom to set the date range.
Scroll down to find the LUNs allocated to host lglob212.ProSphere 1. View Array LUN data for lglob212
. You will find LUNs D8F and D90 are both allocated to host lglob212. This will open the Select Array LUNs window. Select the ellipse next to the <select LUNs> box.5 Hands-On Lab #19 You will notice that the FE director and port charts are now populated. Select the boxes next to devices D8F and D90 and select OK.
5 Hands-On Lab #19 You will now notice that the Array LUNs performance charts are populated. As the lead Storage Administrator. Given the limited IO on this host. it makes you wonder why the system administrator is so concerned about allowing you access to this host.5 provides the ability to set thresholds to trigger various key performance-related alerts. You want to see the current settings and possibly set the thresholds to more reasonable values to eliminate some of the non-critical alerts.ProSphere 1. you have been utilizing ProSphere to monitor the storage environment.. This lesson will step you through the alerting features of ProSphere and will allow you to change the performance thresholds.
. You've noticed that there are a large number of performance alerts being generated and that the alert values seem to be quite low..
Troubleshooting Switch Alerts within ProSphere
Setting Performance Threshold Alerts
Select the Admin icon in the left hand side of the UI. Select the Manage Performance Alert Thresholds Setting Performance Alert Thresholds
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Set Alert Thresholds for Performance
1. 2. Select Alert Management 3.ProSphere 1.
Someone has enabled all of the performance alerts and has set the Warning thresholds to 2%.ProSphere 1. Change the Warning percentage to 70 for all 5 Warning thresholds. you can reset all of the settings to the default by setting the Reset button. You can disable any of the alerts by deselecting the box in the Enable column. Note that by default. all of the alerts are disabled so selecting Reset will not only set the thresholds to their default values. it will also disable all of the alerts.5 Hands-On Lab #19 You now see why you are receiving so many alerts. Also.
. Select OK to save the settings.
. you are utilizing ProSphere to monitor various performance metrics in the storage environment. This will open the Alerts View.ProSphere 1. As a storage administrator. You want to investigate the highlighted alert which is a Switch Port Link Utilization alert on switch losbe175. View the high switch port utilization alert in the Alerts View Determine which port is affected Determine the connected port and what type of object it is Determine if there is a host that has an increased IO load during this time that may have contributed to the issue
Open the Alerts View
Select the Operations icon on the left hand side of the UI. The bottom half of the window shows details for the alert.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Troubleshooting a Performance Issue Based on an Alert
This lesson will step you through viewing a switch port link utilization alert and troubleshooting the potential performance issues due to the alert. You find that you've received a warning alert for high switch port utilization and want ot investigate the alert. The alert occurred on WWN 202800053376A338 and shows a utilization of 72%.
To view details about the switch. the time the alert last occurred and if the alert has been closed or acknowledged. select the Alert and CI tab.5 Hands-On Lab #19
Select the Timeline tab in the bottom window. This will show a detailed timeline of the alert including the time of creation. We now know the alert first occurred on April 20 2012.
. Select the CI hyperlink to open the CI dialog for switch losbe175.ProSphere 1. 2. Open the Switch CI Dialog
The connected port WWN is 200F0005E35C030 and we can see that it is connected to Port 15 of switch losam023. We can see that the running speed of the port is 4GB.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Find the Affected Port in CI Dialog
Select the Connectivity tab to view the connected nodes of the switch. Scroll down to find the relevant switch port with WWN 202800053376A338.
. We now know that the high port link utilization alert was triggered against the ISL link between switch losbe175 and losam023 and this ISL is potentially overloaded. you may need to add an ISL link to share the load or determine if there is a single host that is causing the issue. As such. You will find that it is an E port that resides on port 40 of switch losbe175.ProSphere 1.
The switch statistics are broken up into three categories: 1. array ports
. ISL ports 3. Select OK.ProSphere 1. Select Custom and set the date range from April 20 2012 to April 21 2012.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Investigate Performance Metrics at Time of Alert
Select the Performance tab to view performance metrics for the switch ports. host ports 2. View Port Throughput Metrics for ISLs and Hosts. We know from the alert timeline that the alert was created on April 20 2012.
We can see that an IO spike began occurring at 11:08 for switch WWN 201500053376A338.ProSphere 1.5 Hands-On Lab #19 The Port Throughput –ISLs chart shows Port Throughput increased dramatically on April 20. Determine the Connected Host
Select the Connectivity tab and scroll down to determine what is connected to switch port 201500053376A338. 4.Hosts Chart
1. Select the Maximize icon in the Port Throughput .
. Minimize the Port Throughput . View Maximized Port Throughput . Highlight the line in the chart to see the WWN of the switch port registering the IO spike.Hosts chart. We can also see that the Port Throughput on the Array ports jumped at the same time. 2.Host chart to see what host increased its IO load at this time.
You can choose to further investigate the host performance metrics for host lglac015 at this point. It is running at 4.Enable performance for the Smart Group . .5 Hands-On Lab #19 We can see that the switch port in question is port 21. There are two types of groups in Prosphere: Groups and Smart Groups. Smart Groups are groups of objects that are created and dynamically updated based on a certain set of criteria that is defined when the group is created. you want to set the performance interval for these hosts to 60 minutes. Because you know that these hosts are not supporting critical applications.
Enabling Performance Collection for a Group of Objects
Creating a Smart Group and Enabling Performance Data Collection
ProSphere provides the ability to create groups of objects. As the Storage Administrator.
.Change the collection interval for the Smart Group to 60 minutes. you want to create a Smart Group that contains all non-Windows hosts and you want to enable performance for that group. you could create a group for all hosts with an Operating System of Windows and are Virtual Machines. Groups are a static collection of objects that are only updated manually by a ProSphere user.0GB and is connected to host lglac015.ProSphere 1.Create a Smart Group that contains non-Windows hosts . For example.
Select Groups Expand Groups
Select the triangle next to Groups in the left hand window to expand the existing groups on the system. Select the Discovery icon in the left hand side of the UI 2. You can also see that the Path Performance Collection is enabled for the various groups.
.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Access the Groups View
1.ProSphere 1. You will see that there are numerous groups that have already been created.
Verify UNIX hosts Smart Group is Created
You will now see the UNIX hosts group listed in the Groups. 4. 6.
. The righthand side of the window will show the various members of the Smart Group. Select Operating System from the Attribute pull-down. 5. Enter win in the Value field. Select Save & Close to create the Smart Group.ProSphere 1. Enter UNIX hosts in the Smart Group Name field. Select does not contain in the Operator pull-down.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Create Unix hosts Smart Group
Select Create Smart Group to open the Create Smart Group window. 2. 3. Leave the CI Type set to Host. 1.
Change the Path Performance Collection for UNIX hosts from OFF to ON by selecting the slider button. Select Groups 2. the Settings hyperlink becomes available. to monitor and analyze your
. You have successfully utilized EMC's latest storage resource management tool. ProSphere. Select Settings for the UNIX hosts Smart Group. Change Performance Collection Interval to 60 minutes
Once the Path Performance Collection is enabled.ProSphere 1. Select 60 in the Collection Interval pull-down menu.
Congratulations. Select OK to set save the collection interval settings.5 Hands-On Lab #19 Enable Performance for the Smart Group
ProSphere 1. If you have any further questions. and troubleshoot a potential performance issue. Thank you for your interest in EMC and EMC ProSphere. create custom storage reports.5 Hands-On Lab #19 storage environment.
. You have navigated the ProSphere User Interface and learned how simple it is to discover objects. please do not hesitate to contact your EMC Representative or stop by the ProSphere Demo Booth here at EMC World.