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Computer simulation of a tensile test for an Epoxy/E-glass composite strip with 0° and 45° orientations using ANSYS® and SolidWorks®.

Given:

Tensile load= 8000N

matrix

fibers

Material

epoxy resin

E-glass

young’s modulus

  • 3.5 10.5 Gpa

GPa

  • 0.1 3.4 GPa

GPa

tensile yield strength

Poisson’s ratio

  • 0.4 i

  • 0.22 ii

Required:

 

Model construction and FEA.

 

Max stress in

  • 1. matrix

  • 2. fibers.

FE estimation of modulus of elasticity of composite;

 
  • 1. E1

  • 2. E2

rotating model 45 degrees and preforming FEA.

 

Shear modulus G12

Compare all results with hand calculations.

Solution

Model construction and FEA.

Solid modelling done in SolidWorks, physical analysis done with ANSYS.

The SolidWorks Files are uploaded online and are available for viewing and download. The ANSYS project files are available upon request if needed.

FEA results

Property ANSYS approximate value and method of calculation 8.2 e6 σ 1 (at intersection with clamp)
Property
ANSYS approximate value and method of
calculation
8.2
e6
σ 1 (at intersection with clamp)
σ
2 e7
f
σ
6.5
e6
m
E
σ 1 /ε 1= 8.2 e6/0.002=4.1e9 OR
1
8.2
e6/0.00175=4.7e9
ε 1
0.002-0.0023
OR Δ 1 /w=.0007/.4=0.00175
E 2 G m G f ν 12 ε 2 σ 2 /ε 2 =2.36 e6/-0.00063=
E 2
G
m
G
f
ν 12
ε 2
σ 2 /ε 2 =2.36 e6/-0.00063= 3746031746
1.25 e9
4.3 e9
-ε 2 /ε 1 = -(-0.00066)/.002= 0.33
2Δ 2 /w= 2(-3.3 e-5)/0.1= -6.6e-4=-0.00066 OR
-0.0006 (on surface of specimen)
note: in matrix -0.001 and in fiber 0.00045
2.36 e6 σ 2 (at intersection with clamp) G 12 = ζ 12 /ɣ 12 =
2.36 e6
σ 2 (at intersection with clamp)
G 12 = ζ 12 /ɣ 12 = ±3.6 e6/±0.002= 1.8 e9 OR
G 12
1
(not used, not needed)
4
1
1
(
E x E 1 E 2
+ 2v 12
E
)
1
Δ
0.0007
1
Δ
±3.3 e-5 (relative to positive z axis)
2
ζ 12 (shear stress) ±3.6 e6 Ɣ 12 (shear strain) ±0.002 E x @45 σ x
ζ 12 (shear stress)
±3.6 e6
Ɣ 12 (shear
strain)
±0.002
E x @45
σ x / ε x (not found since not necessary)

Compare all results with hand calculations.

Summary of hand calculated results:

 

Property

Hand Calculated value

σ 1

 

8 Mpa

E 1

4.56

Gpa

ε 1

 

1.76*10 -3

σ

f

 

18.44 Mpa

σ

m

6.15

Mpa

E 2

3.9

Gpa

G m

1.25

Gpa

G f

4.3

Gpa

ν 12

0.37

ε 2

 

-0.65 *10 -3

σ 2

 

-2.54 Mpa

 

G 12

1.4

Gpa

Details of hand calculations follow:

Comparison and error analysis between hand calculations and ANSYS approximations.

Property

Hand Calculated value

ANSYS approximate value

Error%

σ 1

 

8 Mpa

8.2

e6

-2.5%

E 1

4.56

Gpa

4.1e9 OR

10.1%

 

4.7e9

-3.1%

ε 1

1.76*10 -3

0.002~0.0023 OR

-13.6%~-30.1%

0.00175

0.57%

σ

f

18.44 Mpa

2 e7

-8.46%

σ

m

6.15

Mpa

6.5

e6

-5.7%

E 2

3.9

Gpa

3746031746

3.95%

G m

1.25

Gpa

1.25

e9

0%

G f

4.3

Gpa

4.3

e9

0%

ν 12

0.37

0.33

10.8%

ε 2

-0.65 *10 -3

-0.0006 OR

7.7%

-0.00066

-1.54%

σ 2

-2.54 Mpa

2.36

e6

7.1%

 

G 12

1.4

Gpa

1.8

e9

-28.6

Final remarks:

I did not use the 45 degree orientated model because I got the desired results without it, but it was ready;

Final remarks: I did not use the 45 degree orientated model because I got the desired

same for the model with the lateral tension to find E 2 , which I found already;

Final remarks: I did not use the 45 degree orientated model because I got the desired

Soft copy of the SolidWorks® modeled parts(not simulation) can be found on:

Refrences

  • i Internet source (2012): http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_value_of_Poisson_s_Ratio_for_epoxy_resin

    • ii agy High Strength Glass Fibers Technical Paper. © AGY 2006