A. Choose the word or group of words that correctly completes the sentence.

Write the letter of the correct answer on the line before each number. ______1. Anything that has mass and occupies space is a. gas c. matter b. liquid d. solid ______2. A change in the state, size, or shape of matter is a a. fission c. physical change b. nuclear change d. chemical change ______3. The process through which a solid changes to liquid is a. boiling c. freezing b. evaporation d. melting ______4. Cutting of wood is an example of a a. phase change c. chemical change b. physical change d. temperature change ______5. Digestion of food is an example of a a. phase change c. chemical change b. physical change d. temperature change ______6. The temperature at which a solid changes into liquid is called a. boiling point c. freezing point b. melting point d. none of these ______7. The process through which a liquid changes into gas is called a. boiling c. evaporation b. condensation d. none of these ______8. The process through which a gas changes to liquid is called a. condensation c. freezing b. evaporation d. none of these ______9. When you combine salt and sugar together in a bowl, you form a a. compound c. solution b. mixture d. none of these ______10. A _____is a mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of one substance spread out evenly between the molecules of the other substances. a. colloid b. solution b. compound d. suspension ______11. When you ____ a material, a chemical change occurs. a. bend c. cut b. burn d. melt ______12. A chemical change involves a change in a. shape c. size b. composition d. state ______13. Chemical weathering takes place when minerals in rocks a. are frozen c. are broken apart b. are pulverized d. form new substances

phase change c. gases d. condensation c. a. sublimation b. Rust formation shows a a. melting ice c. The molecules of ______ are far apart. . Electricity flows in an open circuit. weathering ______17. Charges are all negative. Charges don’t flow easily through them. Breaking of rocks into smaller particles is brought about by a. b. temperature change ______19. The process of ____ involves a chemical change. static electricity d. Which of the following statements is true of an electric circuit? a. Acid rain is formed when sulfur and nitrogen ______ combine with rain. b. d. circuit d. boiling water b. ______1. chemical change b. gases c. stirring milk d. a. direct current b. Why should insulators be used for handles of cooking utensils? a. potassium ______18. a. liquids b. weathering of rocks b. Write the letter of your answer on the space provided before each number.______14. c. cobalt d. A circuit is like a fuse. solids d. carbon c. water cycle c. Rusting occurs when _______ reacts with oxygen. alternating current ______3. resistor b. burning paper ______16. Through which path does electric current flow? a. iron b. ______4. Electricity flows in a close circuit. rocks ______15. c. carbides c. a. oxides b. The _____ is a process that brings about a negative effect on the environment. products ______20. current electricity c. formation of acid rain B. battery c. evaporation of water d. A circuit is protected by a switch. evaporation d. source ______2. a. Charges are all positive. Choose the correct answer. physical change d. Charges easily flow through them. Which of these consists of electric charges that do not flow? a. d.

How is energy converted in an electric motor? a. It blocks the flow of electricity. What device consists of a soft iron core surrounded by a coil of wire through which an electric current is made to pass? a. c. what happens when one of the bulbs is removed? a. negative c. both d. electrical energy to chemical energy ______11. What charge will an atom have if it loses electrons? a. b. b. both a and c ______13. The other bulbs will not light because the circuit is closed. series b. The other bulbs will not light because the circuit is broken. It is composed of molecules. The other appliances will get an overload of current. How many complete circuits are there in a series connection? a. ______10. What happens when an appliance in a parallel connection is disconnected? a. fuse d. What charge does an atom have if it has excess electrons? a. electrical energy to light energy c. d. neutral b. Which statements best describes a conductor? a. The other appliances will not function. ______8. c. two b. electrical energy to heat energy c. neutral b. electrical energy to heat energy b. three d. c. electromagnet b. What type of energy transformation occurs in an electric stove? a. switch ______15. parallel c. The other bulbs remain lighted because the circuit continues. Overheating may occur in the other appliances. positive ______9. from mechanical energy to nuclear energy . The other appliances will still work. many ______6. electrical energy to sound energy d. positive d. d. opposite d. What energy transformation does not occur in a television? a. The other bulbs remain lighted because the circuit is closed. Which circuit arrangement is more practical to use in the home? a. b. It allows electricity to pass through it. ______7. It increases the amount of electricity. potential energy to kinetic energy d. none of the two ______12. electrical energy to nuclear energy ______14. chemical energy to heat energy b. from electrical energy to nuclear energy b. negative c.______5. In a series circuit. d. compass c. one c.

parallel circuit ______20. from electrical energy to mechanical energy d. How does the ground – fault interrupter (GFI) prevent electric shock? a. William Sturgeon ______18. Which of these makes an electromagnet stronger? a. closed circuit d.c. series circuit c. Who discover the principle behind the electromagnet? a. by shutting off a switch c. decreasing the number of turns in the coil ______17. from mechanical energy to electrical energy ______16. having the lights on while sleeping c. using incandescent bulbs instead of flourescent . using an octopus connection b. Hans Christian Oerstd d. by detecting overload b. increasing the number of pins in the core d. open circuit b. Thales c. by conducting current toward the ground d. Which of the following circuits is used in buildings? a. turning off appliances when not in use d. increasing the number of turns in the coil c. by automatically cutting off the flow of electricity ______19. Which is a way of conserving electricity? a. Michael Faraday b. decreasing the size of the core b.

c 3.c 6.c 20. d 4.d 17.A.c 18.a 9.c 11.c 8.d 16.d Key to correction B. c 2.b 12. b c d c a d a a d a a c b b c b d d d c .b 13.b 10. 1.a 15.b 7.d 14. b 5.c 19.

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