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THIS CLASS IS DESIGNED AS A BEGINNERS CLASS IN COMPUTING
• Learn Basic Computer Terminology • Difference Between Hardware and Software • Understanding Computer Components • Basic Keyboard and Mouse Usage • Proper Care For your PC
• There are no prerequisites.
• What is a Computer? • com·put·er Pronunciation key (km-pytr) n. • A device that computes, especially a programmable electronic machine that performs high-speed mathematical or logical operations or that assembles, stores, correlates, or otherwise processes information. • One who computes. • (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed. Pub. 2000)
THE LANGUAGE OF COMPUTERS
Binary Numbers 1 of 3
Computers speak binary. Binary language consists of combinations of 1's and 0's that represent characters of other languages (in our case the English language). Don’t make the mistake of thinking that little 1's and 0's are running around inside of the computer. We humans prefer to think of 1's and 0's because it’s easier than visualizing positive and negative current flows or open and closed circuits which is what actually happens inside computers. A combination of eight bits represents one character in our language. One character in our language (eight bits) is referred to as a byte. (For example: 01000001 is a byte that represents an uppercase A; each 1 or 0 is a bit.)
Binary Numbers 2 of 3
• Kilobytes, Megabytes, and Gigabytes • If you understand that a byte is one character in our language, you’ve got it made because: • 1000 bytes = 1 kilobyte • (1,000 characters = 1 kilobyte) • 1,000,000 bytes = 1 megabyte • (1,000,000 characters = 1 megabyte) • 1,000,000,000 bytes = 1 gigabyte (1,000,000,000 characters = 1 gigabyte)
Binary Numbers 3 of 3
• Disk Capacity • It’s important to know how large your files are because eventually you won’t have enough space on your disk to hold more files. Knowing the total capacity of your disk, how much space is left on your disk, and how large the file is, you can make accurate decisions as to whether to save the file to the current disk, or save the file to a different diskette with more disk capacity.
THIS IS A FEW OF THE
DIFFERENT TYPES of COMPUTERS
• Desk top
Hand Held Computer
Lap Top computer
• Hardware Vs. Software If you can touch it, it’s hardware
Examples of Hardware
The Programs that are on the disks are software
Definition of User
Uses for a PC
• • • • • • • • • • Word Processing Desktop Publishing Database Management Spreadsheets Communication Finance Education Entertainment News and Information Doorstop
Tips for Beginners
• • • • • • • • Explore Your Computer Mistakes won’t Kill You EDIT/ UNDO is your Friend Be persistent Apply what you Learn Don’t try to learn too fast Walk away if you get frustrated Have Fun
Why Learn This Stuff?
• • • • • Buying a PC Having Your PC Serviced Calling For Support Be able to talk to Friends & Grandchildren It’s Fun
SYSTEM COMPONENTS CPU/PROCESSOR
• The CPU refers to the microprocessor chip. Sometimes the “Tower” is called the CPU. • It’s speed is measured in Megahertz (MHZ) (Millions of cycles per second) or Gigahertz (GHZ) Billions of cycles per second.
• (A cycle is the time required for the CPU to execute an instruction step).
SYSTEM COMPONENTS Ram – Random Access Memory
• Ram is the memory used by the computer to run programs. • The amount of Ram available will determine how fast a program will run and how many windows can be open at one time. • Ram memory is considered Volatile because it disappears when the power is turned off.
SYSTEM COMPONENTS Hard Drive
• The Hard Drive is the computers main, long term storage. • It is referred to as non-volatile storage, because it does not disappear when the power is turned off. • The size of the Hard Drive is measured in Gigabytes. (Billions of Bytes).
RAM VERSUS HARD DRIVE
• If we use the analogy of a desk: Then the work we are doing on the desk top would be using the RAM and the work we store in the file drawers would be on the HARD DRIVE.
• Mother Board
• (This is where most of the electronics is located).
• Modem (Modulator Demodulator).
• (Used for internet access with phone line).
• Power Supply • 250 – 500 Watts • DO NOT OPEN
• (This is the power source that makes everything go).
• Audio Card
• This is the voice of your system).
• Floppy Drive – • 1.44 MB
• (This item is obsolete).
• Network Card
• (Used to connect to high speed internet access e.g. Cable or DSL lines).
• Tape Drive Can store Gigabytes of data.
• Video Card
• (Provides visual images to the monitor. Also used in computer games, to provide additional memory for visual effects).
• Monitors • CRT Vs LCD
• (Might be Ink Jet, Bubble Jet, Laser or whatever the manufacturers invent tomorrow).
• Video Cameras • (Also called webcams)
• Uninterruptible Power Supply • (UPS) 280 VA – 400 VA • (Essentially a battery back-up in case of a power failure)
• The Keyboard • (This is the primary input device)
• Alphanumeric Keys
• Numeric Keypad
• Enter (Return) Key
• “Modifier” keys: CTRL, ALT, SHIFT
• “State “ keys: Caps, Scroll, Numlock
• Windows keys
• Holding the mouse • Grip between thumb and ring finger • (Right handed grip shown, Lefties use other hand)
• Mouse Pointer
• Left Clicking
• Right clicking
• Double clicking • (Use the left side, • Click twice)
• Click and drag
• Scroll wheel and optional buttons
• Operating systems • Applications • Data
– MS-DOS – Windows 95,98,Me,
Windows NT, 2000, – Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7 – Windows 8… • Linux
– Ubuntu, Pardus … etc
• MS Word
• (Your basic Word Processor)
• MS Excel
• Your basic Spread Sheet)
• MS Power Point • (For presentations)
• MS Outlook • (Your desktop Personal Information Manager, (PIM))
• MS Internet Explorer, Firefox, Google Chrome • (Your internet Browser)
• • • • • • • WordPerfect Lotus 1-2-3 QuickBooks CorelDraw HyperCam Photo Paint ETC. ETC.ETC. ETC. Adobe Acrobat Photoshop Notepad WinZip Media Player StarCraft
• Letters written using a word processor like MS WORD. • Spread sheets designed in EXCEL. • Presentations created in Power Point • Music on a CD. • Photos from your digital camera
• Beverages in open containers are EVIL.
• Magnets • (They destroy Data on floppy drives and hard drives)
• Laser Printers and Power. • Keep PC off the floor. • When in doubt Reboot.
• Save your work often.
• Power Strips • Use the Power buttons on the PC and peripherals.
• Proper handling of CDs • OK to wash CDs in mild soapy water or get a CD cleaner (inexpensive)
• Don’t push the CD tray in – use the button.
• Dust Kills • It’s a good idea to blow the dust out of your computer regularly.
• STATIC KILLS! • Get yourself an anti static strip or mat.
TIME FOR A STRETCH BREAK
• • • • TIME TO GET UP AND STRETCH CLEAN YOUR GLASSES GO POTTY IF YOU HAVE THE URGE LET’S TAKE A TEN MINUTE BREAK
AN INTRODUCTION to WINDOWS XP
Windows 7 or later … but just focus on the interface components ...
FILES AND FOLDERS
Keyboard command Ctrl-A Ctrl-B Ctrl-C or F3 Ctrl-F Ctrl-G Ctrl-H Ctrl-I Ctrl-M Ctrl-N Alt-N Ctrl-O Ctrl-P Ctrl-Q Ctrl-R Ctrl-TAB Ctrl-S Ctrl-U Ctrl-V Ctrl-X Ctrl-Z
Word Select entire document Bold Copy n/a Go to n/a Italics n/a New document n/a Open Print Quit n/a Save as Save Underline Paste Cut Undo
Access Select all Bold Copy Find n/a Replace text n/a n/a New document Create a new object Open Print Quit New record Display Page Save Query n/a Paste Cut Undo
Excel Select all Bold Copy Find n/a n/a n/a Format a number New document n/a Open Print Quit Fill Right Save as Save Underline Paste Cut Undo
PowerPoint Select all Bold Copy n/a n/a n/a Italics Add (create) slide New presentation n/a Open Print Quit n/a n/a Save Underline Text Paste text Cut Undo
Keyboard command F1 F7
Word Help Spell/grammar check
Access Help Spell check
Excel Help Spell check
PowerPoint Help Spell check
Decrease font size Increase font size
Shortcuts when selecting text
Selection Task Select adjacent text Select a word Select a line Select a paragraph Select from the insertion point to the beginning or end of a paragraph Select an extended section Select a whole document Select from the insertion point to the beginning or end of a document Shortcut Click and drag over text Double click on the word Triple click on the line Click 4 times in the paragraph Press Shift-Option-Up arrow or Shift –Option-Down arrow Click at one end of the section, then Shift-click at the other end Ctrl-A or triple click in selection area Press Shift-Ctrl-Home or ShiftCtrl-End
THE WIMP INTERFACE
• • • •
WINDOWS ICONS MENUS POINTERS
• I-beam cursor
(which follows the roll of the mouse)
Insertion point cursor
(Which flashes on and off, and is positioned using the I-beam cursor and a click of the mouse button) F letcher
• Let’s get some hands on experience • Find the Windows key.
– Bottom row second key from the left side. – Press once, (this is the same as left clicking on the start button). – Bring the cursor arrow over the All Programs Arrow head. – Notice how the program files are displayed.
FIND MICROSOFT WORD
FIND EXCEL LEFT CLICK