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Proiect constructii metalice

Platforma cu structura metalica
Tema proiectului
Sa se intocmeasca proiectul de executie pentru o platforma de lucru si depozitare
alcatuita din otel , situata intr-o cladire industriala.
Structura de rezistenta va fi compusa dintr-o retea de grinzi principale si secundare ,
simplu rezemate , peste care reazama tabla groasa striata. Grinzile principale reazama pe
stalpi metalici.
Dimensiunile in plan ale platformei sunt:
A=37.5 m
B=30.00 m

Grinzile secundare se distribuie de-a lungul grinzilor principale la distanta a=1.25 m.
Cota superioara a platformei este H=5 m . Incarcarea utila pe platforma , provenind din
utilaje , materiale si produse depozitate, este p=10 Kn/m2.
Grinzile secundare se vor proiecta cu sectiune din profile dublu T laminate la cald
(sectiuni din profile IPN/IPE) cu inima plina. Tabla groasa striata TGS 5 se va considera,
cu imbinari sudate. Stalpul platformei , incastrat in fundatie, se va proiecta din profile dublu
T cu talpi late (HEA/HEB..).
Materialul folosit pentru elementele platformei este otelul SR235JR (SR EN 10025-2:
2004).
Etapizarea proiectului
1.Tema proiectului.Schema constructiva a platformei la sc. 1/100. Verificarea tablei groase
striate.
2.Calculul grinzii secundare avand sectiune din profile dublu T laminate la cald (IPN/IPE)
3.Dimensionarea grinzii principale cu sectiune dublu T compusa, sudata. Verificarea
rezistentei sectionale la incovoiere si forfecare.
4.Verificarea rigiditatii grinzii principale. Verificarea prinderii sudate talpa-inima.
5.Verificarea stabilitatii generale a grinzii principale. Rigidizarile inimii grinzii principale.
6.Stabilitatea locala a elementelor comprimate ale grinzii.
7.Innadirea de montaj a grinzii principale cu eclise si suruburi de inalta rezistenta
pretensionate.
8.Rezemarea grinzii secundare pe grinda principala. Plansa grinzii principale la sc.1/10.
9.Dimensionarea stalpului si verificarea sectiunii.
10.Alcatuirea si calculul capitelului stalpului.
11.Alcatuirea si calculul bazei stalpului .
12.Plansa stalpului la sc. 1/10, detalii la sc. 1/5
13.14. Definitivarea proiectului. Notarea proiectului.
ϕ
ORIGIN 1 :·
Date personale:
L 10m :· l 5m :· p 14
kN
m
2
:· H 4.5m :· daN 10N :·
Date personalizate:
E 210000
N
mm
2
:· ν 0.3 :· f
y
235
N
mm
2
:· γ
M0
1 :· γ
M2
1.25 :· a 1.25m :·
t
c
4mm :·
Etapa 1. Verificarea TGS (tabla groasa striata)
1.a. Schema constructiva a platformei la sc. 1/100
1.b. Calculul tablei groase striate
1. Schema constructiva - schema statica
2. Evaluarea incarcarilor. Incarcari de calcul
g
TGS
41
daN
m
2
:· g
TGS
41 10
4 −

daN
cm
2

p 14
daN
m
2
:· p 14 10
2 −

daN
cm
2

Incarcari de calcul
Gupari de calcul la SLU:
q
d
1.35g
TGS
⋅ 1.5p ⋅ +
( )
1 ⋅ cm :· q
d
0.216
daN
cm
⋅ ·
SLS :
q
k
g
TGS
p +
( )
1 ⋅ cm :· q
k
0.144
daN
cm
⋅ ·
50
a
t
c
≤ 350 ≤
a
t
c
312.5 ·
3. Daterminarea eforturilor sectionale
Determinarea momentului incovoitor si sageata maxima corespunde grinzii simplu rezemat.
M
0
q
d
a
2

8
420.967daN cm ⋅ ⋅ · :·
D
E t
c
3

12 1 ν
2

( )

12307.692daN cm ⋅ ⋅ · :·
E 2100000
daN
cm
2
⋅ ·
δ
0
5
384
q
k
a
4

D
⋅ 37.219cm
2
⋅ · :·
k
3 δ
0
2

t
c
2
2.597m
2
· :·
k 2.59710
4
⋅ :·
α 1 α + ( )
2
⋅ k :· α 1 α + ( )
2

α
1
3
k
2
k
2
4
1
27
+ + :·
α
2
3
k
2
k
2
4
1
27
+ − :·
α α
1
α
2
+ 29.602 · :· α
1
29.614 · α
2
0.011 − ·
M
y.ED.max
M
0
1
1 α +
⋅ :· M
y.ED.max
13.756daN cm ⋅ ⋅ ·
d
max
δ
0
1
1 α +
⋅ :·
Ψ
d
q
d
q
k
1.496 · :·
N
ED.max
Ψ
d
π
2
D ⋅
a
2

¸

¸
_

,
cm ⋅ :· N
ED.max
11.628daN ⋅ ·
4. Verificarea tablei groase striate TGS
A 1cmt
c
⋅ :· A 0.4 cm
2
⋅ ·
W
1cmt
c
2

6
:· σ
N
N
ED.max
A

SLU σ
M
M
y.ED.max
W

σ
M
515.852
daN
cm
2
⋅ ·
W 0.027cm
3
⋅ · σ
N
29.07
daN
cm
2
⋅ ·
σ
max.ED
f
yd
<
σ
max.ED
σ
N
σ
M
+ 544.922
daN
cm
2
⋅ · :·
f
yd
f
y
γ
M2
1880
daN
cm
2
⋅ · :·
SLS δ
adm
a
100
:· δ
adm
1.25cm ⋅ ·
δ
max
δ
adm
<
Etapa 2. Calculul grinzii secundare, avand sectiunea din profile dublu T
laminate la cald (IPN/IPE)
Materialul folosit este otel 235JR (SR EN10025-2:2004)
1. Alcatuire constructiva.Schema statica
2. Evaluarea incarcarii. Incarcari de calcul. Valori caracteristice
g
TGS
41
daN
m
2
⋅ ·
G
g
GS
10 l ⋅
a
daN
m
2
40
daN
m
2
⋅ · :·
Q p 1400
daN
m
2

q
k
g
TGS
g
GS
+ 81
daN
m
2
⋅ · :·
Incarcari de calcul
SLU q
dGS
1.35q
k
⋅ 1.5 p ⋅ +
( )
a ⋅ 2761.688
daN
m
⋅ · :·
SLS q
kGS
q
k
p +
( )
a ⋅ 1851.25
daN
m
⋅ · :·
3. Determinarea eforturilor sectionale maxime
V
zEDmax
q
dGS
l ⋅
2
:· V
zEDmax
6904.219daN ⋅ ·
M
yEDmax
q
dGS
l
2

8
:· M
yEDmax
8630.273daN m ⋅ ⋅ ·
4. Predimensionarea sectiunii transversale
σ
maxEf
M
yEDmax
W
ypl

W
ypl
f
yd
f
y
γ
M0
2350
daN
cm
2
⋅ · :·
σ
maxED
f
yd

M
yEDmax
f
yd
367.246cm
3
⋅ ·
W
yplnec
M
yEDmax
f
yd

f
yd
2350
daN
cm
2
⋅ ·
W
y.pl
367cm
3

Propun IPE 240
5. Determinarea clasei sectiunii profilului ales
IPE 240 A 39.10cm
2
⋅ :· h 240mm ⋅ :· b 120 mm ⋅ :· t
w
6.2mm ⋅ :·
I
y
3890cm
4
⋅ :· t
f
9.8mm ⋅ :· r 15 mm ⋅ :·
W
y.pl
367.00cm
3

Talpa superioara supusa la compresiune
c
b t
w
− 2 r ⋅ −
( )
2

c 41.9mm ⋅ ·
ε
f
y
235
:· c
t
f
9ε ≤
c
t
f
4.276 ·
c
t
f
9 ≤ Clasa sectiunii este 1
Inima supusa la incovoiere
c h 2 t
f
⋅ − 2 r ⋅ − :·
c 190.4mm ⋅ ·
c
t
w
30.71 ·
c
t
w1
71ε ≤ Clasa sectiunii este 1
6.Verificarea sectiunii
SLU
σ
maxED
M
yEDmax
W
y.pl
:· σ
maxEd
f
yd

M
yEdmax
M
vRd
1 ≤ M
yRd
rezistenta sectiunii la moment incovoitor
f
yd
f
y
γ
M0

M
vRd
W
y.pl
f
yd
⋅ :·
M
vRd
862450daN cm ⋅ ⋅ ·
M
yEDmax
M
vRd
1.001 ·
La actiunea fortei taietoare
A
vz
aria de forfecare in directia z
V
zEdmax
V
zplRd
1 ≤ V
zplRd
A
vz
f
y
3

γ
M0

A
vz
A
vz
A 2 b ⋅ t
f
⋅ − 2
1
2
⋅ t
f
⋅ 2 r ⋅ t
w
+
( )
⋅ + :· A
vz
19.128cm
2
⋅ ·
Rezistenta de calcul la forta taietoare
f
Vd
f
y
3
γ
M0

V
zplRd
A
vz
f
y
3

γ
M0
:· V
zplRd
25951.814daN ⋅ ·
V
zEDmax
V
zplRd
0.266 ·
SLS δ
adm1
l
200
2.5 cm ⋅ · :·
δ
max
5
384
q
kGS
l
4

E I
y

⋅ :· δ
max
1.8442cm ⋅ ·
δ
max
δ
adm
<
Etapa 3. Dimensionarea grinzii principale
3.1 Alcatuire constructiva. Schema statica
3.2 Evaluare incarcari
3.2.1 Valori caracteristice
q
k.
15
daN
m
2
L ⋅ 150
daN
m
⋅ · :·
G
g
tgs
41
daN
m
2
a ⋅ l ⋅ 256.25daN ⋅ · :·
G
TGSk
g
tgs
256.25daN ⋅ · :·
g
gs
30.7
daN
m
l ⋅ 153.5daN ⋅ · :· G
GSk
g
gs
153.5daN ⋅ · :·
Q P
k
p a ⋅ l ⋅ :· P
k
8750daN ⋅ ·
3.3 Grupari de calcul . Incarcari de calcul
SLU
Verificari de rezistenta si de stabilitate
q
d1
1.35q
k.
⋅ 202.5
daN
m
⋅ · :·
Q
d1
1.35 G
TGSk
G
GSk
+
( )
⋅ 1.5P
k
⋅ + 13678.163daN ⋅ · :·
SLS Rigiditatea grinzii
q
k1
q
k.
150
daN
m
⋅ · :·
Q
k1
G
TGSk
G
GSk
+ P
k
+ 9159.75daN ⋅ · :·
3.4. Determinarea eforturilor sectionale
i 1 8 .. :·
Rva q
d
L
2

1
8
i
Q
d1
2

·
+ :· Rva 54820.418daN ⋅ ·
V
zEdA
Rva 54820.418daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd1st
V
zEdA
q
d1
a
2
⋅ − 54693.855daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd1dr
V
zEd1st
Q
d1
− 41015.693daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd2st
V
zEd1dr
q
d1
a ⋅ − 40762.568daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd2dr
V
zEd2st
Q
d1
− 27084.405daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd3st
V
zEd2dr
q
d1
a ⋅ − 26831.28daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd3dr
V
zEd3st
Q
d1
− 13153.118daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd4st
V
zEd3dr
q
d1
a ⋅ − 12899.993daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd4dr
V
zEd4st
Q
d1
− 778.17 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd5st
V
zEd4dr
q
d1
a ⋅ − 1031.295 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd5dr
V
zEd5st
Q
d1
− 14709.457 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd6st
V
zEd5dr
q
d1
a ⋅ − 14962.582 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd6dr
V
zEd6st
Q
d1
− 28640.745 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd7st
V
zEd6dr
q
d1
a ⋅ − 28893.87 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd7dr
V
zEd7st
Q
d1
− 42572.032 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd8st
V
zEd7dr
q
d1
a ⋅ − 42825.157 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEd8dr
V
zEd8st
Q
d1
− 56503.32 − daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEdB
Rva − 54820.418 − daN ⋅ · :·
M
yEdA
Rva 0 ⋅ 0 · :·
M
yEd1
Rva
a
2

¸

¸
_

,
q
d1
a
2

a
4
⋅ − 34223.21daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEd2
Rva a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,

q
d1
a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
2

¸
1
1
]
2
− Q
d1
a ⋅ − 85334.62daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEd3
Rva 2a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ q
d1
a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,

¸
1
1
]
2a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
2
⋅ − Q
d1
2 ⋅ a − Q
d1
a ⋅ − 119427.43daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEd4
Rva 3a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ q
d1
3a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,

¸
1
1
]
3a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
2
⋅ − Q
d1
3 ⋅ a − Q
d1
2 ⋅ a − Q
d1
a ⋅ − 135315.12daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEd5
Rva 4a ( ) ⋅ q
d1
4a ( ) ⋅

¸
1
]
4a ( )
2
⋅ − Q
d1
3a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ − Q
d1
2a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ − Q
d1
a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ − Q
d1
a
2
⋅ − 134789.21daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEd6
Rva 4a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ q
d1
4a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,

¸
1
1
]
4a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
2
⋅ − Q
d1
4 ⋅ a − Q
d1
3 ⋅ a − Q
d1
2 ⋅ a − Q
d1
a ⋅ − 134184.2daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEd7
Rva 5a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ q
d
5a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,

¸
1
1
]
5a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
2
⋅ − Q
d1
5 ⋅ a − Q
d1
4 ⋅ a − Q
d1
3 ⋅ a − Q
d1
2 ⋅ a − Q
d1
a ⋅ − 119915.45daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEd8
Rva 6a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ q
d
6a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,

¸
1
1
]
6a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
2
⋅ − Q
d1
6 ⋅ a − Q
d1
5 ⋅ a − Q
d1
4 ⋅ a − Q
d1
3 ⋅ a − Q
d1
2 ⋅ a − Q
d1
a ⋅ − 85652.69daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEd9
Rva
a
2

¸

¸
_

,
q
d1
a
2

a
4
⋅ − 34223.21daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEdB
Rva 0 ⋅ 0 · :·
3.5 Predimensionarea sectiunii
3.5.1. Stabilirea dimensionarii dimensiunilor inimii (t
w1
, h
w1
)
--conditia de rigiditate
ω ω
a
≤ ω
a
L
400
2.5 cm ⋅ · :·
ω
5
24
f
yd
L
2

E h
w
⋅ γ
k

⋅ :·
h
w
h
wmin
5
24
f
yd
L
2

E ω
a
⋅ γ
k

⋅ :·
γ
k
M
yEDmax.
M
yEd5
134789.21daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
k
M
yEDmax.
γ
k

γ
k
γ
k
M
yEDmax.
M
k

M
k
M
k
Rva 4a ( ) ⋅ q
k1
4a ( ) ⋅

¸
1
]
4a ( )
2
⋅ − Q
k1
3a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ − Q
k1
2a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ − Q
k1
a
a
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
⋅ − Q
k1
a
2
⋅ −

¸
1
1
]
a ⋅ 225786.98m daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
γ
k
M
yEDmax.
M
k
0.597
1
m
· :· f
yd
2350
daN
cm
2
⋅ ·
h
wmin
5
24
f
yd
L
2

E ω
a
⋅ γ
k

⋅ :· h
wmin
156.211m cm ⋅ ·
Din conditia de preluare optima a momentului incovoitor rezulta:
A
f
A
w
1
4

A
f
A
w
M
yEDmax.
Wy
pl
f
yd

λ
0w
h
w1
t
w1

h
w1
λ
0w
80 :·
A
f
A
w
4

A
w
Wy
pl
2 A
f

h
w
2
⋅ 2 t
w

h
w
2

h
w
4
⋅ + :· A
f
M
yEDmax.
h
w1
3
2 λ
0w

f
yd
h
w1
3
2 λ
0w
⋅ M
yEDmax.

f
yd
:· h
w1
97.178cm ⋅ · h
w1
98.00cm :·
h
w
λ
0w
t
w
⋅ ⋅ · h
w
Wy
pl
t
w1
λ
0w

2

t
w1
M
yEDmax.
t
w1
3
λ
0w

2
f
yd
t
w1
3
2 M
yEDmax.

f
yd
λ
0w
2

:· t
w1
1.21cm ⋅ · t
w1
1.1cm :·
3.5.2 Stabilirea sectiunii talpilor
A
f
A
w
4

A
w
A
f
A
w
1
4

A
f
A
w
c
1
t
f
10ε ≤
b
1
2 t
f

10 ≤
c
1
b
1
2

b
1
t
.f1
t
w1
h
w1

4
:· b
1
20t
f1
:· t
f1
20t
.f1
t
w1
h
w1

4
:· 20t
.f1
t
f1
h
w1
t
w1

80
:· t
f1
1.16cm ⋅ · t
f1
1.20cm :·
Wy
pl
b
.1
t
.f
⋅ h
w
⋅ 2 t
w

h
w
2
4
⋅ + :· b
.1
b
1
M
yEDmax.
t
f1
h
w1
⋅ f
yd

t
w1
h
w1

4 t
f1

− :· b
1
26.31cm ⋅ · b
1
30.00cm :·
M
yEDmax.
134789.212daN m ⋅ :·
E 210000
N
mm
2

f
yd
2350
daN
cm
2

Aleg b 30.00cm :· t
w
1.10cm :· t
f
1.20cm :· h
w
120.00cm :·
A 2 b ⋅ t
f
⋅ t
w
h
w
⋅ + 204cm
2
⋅ · :·
W
ypl
2b t
f

h
w
2

t
w
h
w
2

4
+ 8280cm
3
⋅ · :·
I
y
t
w
h
w
3

12
2
b t
f
3

12
b t
f

h
w
2
t
f
2
+
¸

¸
_

,
2
⋅ +

¸
1
1
1
]
⋅ + 422818.56cm
4
⋅ · :·
3.6. Verificarea sectiunii propusa
SLU
M
yEDmax.
M
yplRd
1 ≤ M
yplRd
W
ypl
f
yd
⋅ 19458000daN cm ⋅ ⋅ · :·
M
yEDmax.
M
yplRd
0.693 · 0.693 1 ≤
-forta taietoare
V
zEdmax.
54820.418daN :·
Avz t
w
h
w
⋅ 132cm
2
⋅ · :·
V
zEdmax.
V
zplRd
1 ≤ V
zplRd
Avz
f
yd
3
⋅ :·
V
zplRd
179094.054daN ⋅ ·
V
zEdmax.
V
zplRd
0.306 · 0.306 1 ≤
Verificarea de rigiditate
M
k
325806.33 daN m ⋅ :·
L 10.00m :·
SLS δ
max
δ
adm

δ
adm
L
400
2.5 cm ⋅ · :·
δ
max
5
48
M
k
L
2

E I
y

⋅ 3.822cm ⋅ · :· 0.353cm 2.5cm ≤
se verifica
3.7. Dimensionarea prinderii sudate inima talpa
-conditia de rezistenta
3mm a
w
≤ 0.7t
min

t
min
min t
f
t
w
,
( )
t
w
11 mm ⋅ ·
Pentru grinzi dublu T
γ
M2
1.25 :· β 0.8 :·
f
u
360
N
mm
2

τ
s
V
zEdmax.
2 a
w
⋅ h
w


a
w
τ
s
f
vdwd
≤ f
vdwd
f
u
3 β ⋅ γ
M2

2078.46
daN
cm
2
⋅ · :·
a
w
V
zEdmax.
2 f
vdwd
⋅ h
w

≤ a
w
V
zEdmax.
2 f
vdwd
⋅ h
w

1.099mm ⋅ · :· 1.574 3 <
aleg a
w
3mm :·
τ
s
V
zEdmax.
2 a
w
⋅ h
w


τ
s
761.395
daN
cm
2
⋅ · τ
s
f
vdwd

3.7. Verificarea stabilitatii generale a grinzii. Rezistenta la incovoiere-rasucire a grinzii principale
3.7.1. Metoda simplificata pentru grinzi cu legatura transversala
γ
M0
1 :·
f
y
235
N
mm
2

λ
f.z
k
c
L
c

i
fz
λ1 ⋅

k
c
i.zf = raza de generatie in raport cu axa z a sectiunii alcatuita din talpa
comprimata si 1/3 din zona inimii supusa la compresiune
k.c=coeficient ce tine seama de distributia momentului incovoitor dintre 2 legaturi
transversale
k
c
0.94 :· λ
1
93.9 :· L
c
1.25m :· λ
co
0.5 :· f
yd
f
y
γ
M0
2350
daN
cm
2
⋅ · :·
A
f
b t
f

h
w
6
t
w
⋅ + 58 cm
2
⋅ · :·
I
fz
t
f
b
3

12
h
w
6
t
w
3

12
+ 2702.218cm
4
⋅ · :·
i
fz
I
fz
A
f
6.826cm ⋅ · :· λ
f.z
k
c
L
c

i
fz
λ
1

:· λ
f.z
λ
co
W
ypl
⋅ f
yd

M
yEDmax.

λ
co
W
ypl
⋅ f
yd

M
yEDmax.
0.722 ·
λ
f.z
0.183 · 0.225 0.514 ≤
M
yEDmax.
k
f
M
bRd
⋅ ≤ M
bRd
χ
LT
W
ypl
⋅ f
yd
⋅ :· χ
LT
k
f
1.1 :·
coeficient ce tine seama de caracterul acoperitor al materialului simplificat
α
LT
0.76 :·
Φ
LT
0.5 1 α
LT
λ
f.z
0.2 −
( )
⋅ + λ
f.z
2
+

¸
1
]
⋅ :·
Φ
LT
0.51 ·
χ
LT
1
Φ
LT
Φ
LT
2
λ
f.z
2
− +
1.013 · :·
M
bRd
χ
LT
W
ypl
⋅ f
yd
⋅ 197166.5daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
k
f
M
bRd
⋅ 216883.15daN m ⋅ ⋅ ·
M
yEDmax.
k
f
M
bRd
⋅ ≤
M
yEDmax.
134789.212daN m ⋅ ⋅ ·
3.7.2 Verificarea inimii grinzii principale la pierderea stabilitatii prin forfecare
Cazul grinzilor cu rigidizari flexibile disperse numai in dreptul reazemelor
η 1.2 :· ε 1 :·
h
w
t
w
109.091 ·
72
η
ε ⋅ 60 ·
h
w
t
w
72
η
ε ⋅ ≥
V
bRd
V
bwRd
V
bfRd
+ :· V
bwRd
V
bRd
η f
y
⋅ t
w
⋅ h
w

3 1 ⋅

-aportul inimii
λ
w
h
w
86.4t
w
⋅ ε ⋅
1.263 · :· pentru cazul cu rigidizari
V
bwRd
χ
w
t
w
⋅ h
w
⋅ f
y

3 1 ⋅

χ
w
χ
w
η λ
w
0.83
η
< ,
χ
w
0.83
η
0.692 · :·
χ
w
0.83
η
λ
w
0.83
η
≥ ,
¸

¸
_

,
V
bwRd
χ
w
t
w
⋅ h
w
⋅ f
y

3 1 ⋅
123873.387daN ⋅ · :·
-aportul talpilor
h
f
h
w
t
f
− :· h
f
1.188m ·
M
yEDmax.
M
fRd
≥ M
fRd
A
f
h
f
⋅ f
y

( )
1

M
yEDmax.
M
fRd

M
yEDmax.
134789.212daN m ⋅ ⋅ ·
M
fRd
161924.4daN m ⋅ ⋅ ·
3.8 Dimensionarea si verificarea rigidizarii de capat
a. Dimensionarea din conditia de strivire
A
str
b
r
t
r
⋅ :· b
r
σ
str
V
zEdmax.
A
str
f
y
γ
M0
≤ :·
A
str
impunem
t
r
1 t
w
⋅ 1.1cm ⋅ · :·
V
zEdmax.
b
r
t
r

f
y
γ
M0
b
r
V
zEdmax.
γ
M0

f
y
t
r

21.207cm ⋅ · :·
b
r
20.00cm b ≤ 25.00cm :·
b. Verificarea momentului echivalent la stabilitate (flambaj prin incovoiere in raport cu axa x)
γ
M1
1 :· α 0.49 :· λ
1
93.9 ·
V
zEdmax.
N
bRd
≤ χ A
rech

f
y
γ
M1
⋅ χ
1
Φ Φ
2
λ
rech.
2
− +
Φ 0.5 1 α λ
rech.
0.2 −
( )
⋅ + λ
rech.
2
+

¸
1
]
⋅ :· λ
rech.
L
cr
h
w
:· i
xr
I
x
A
rech
I
x
t
r
b
r
3

12
15 t
w
⋅ t
w
3

12
+
λ
rech.
L
cr
i
xech
I
x
1.1cm 20cm ( )
3

12
15 1.1 ⋅ cm 1.1cm ( )
3

12
+ :· A
rech
1.1cm20 ⋅ cm 15 1.1 ⋅ cm1.1 ⋅ cm + 40.15cm
2
⋅ · :·
I
x
735.163cm
4
⋅ ·
i
xech
I
x
A
rech
4.279cm ⋅ · :·
λ
rech.
L
cr
i
xech
28.043 · :·
λ
rech
λ
rech.
λ
1
:· Φ 0.5 1 α λ
rech
0.2 −
( )
⋅ + λ
rech
2
+

¸
1
]
⋅ 0.569 · :·
χ
1
Φ Φ
2
λ
rech
2
− +
0.95 · :·
N
bRd
χ A
rech

f
y
γ
M1
⋅ 89619.327daN ⋅ · :·
V
zEdmax.
54820.418daN ⋅ · V
zEdmax.
N
bRd

c. Dimensionarea cordonului de sudura dintre inima grinzii principale si rigidizarile de capat
β
w
0.8 :·
3mm a
w
≤ 0.7tmin t
w
( )
⋅ ≤
a
w
0.7t
w
⋅ :·
l
wd
l
w
2a
w

l
wd
h
w
30mm − 2a
w
− 1.155m ⋅ · :·
l
w
h
w
2 15 ⋅ mm −
V
zEdmax.
2a
w
l
wd
⋅ f
vwd
⋅ ≤
f
vwd
f
u
3 β
w
⋅ γ
M2

2078.461
daN
cm
2
⋅ · :·
a
w
V
zEdmax.
2 l
wd
⋅ f
vwd

1.142mm ⋅ · :·
3.9. Inadirea de montaj a grinzii principale cu eclise si suruburi de inalta rezistenta
pretensionate
3.9.1 Stabilirea pozitiei imbinarii si determinarea eforturilor de calcul in sectiunea de calcul
x
L
3
3.333m · :·
x 2.5m :·
V
zEdx
V
zEdmax.
q
d1
x ⋅ − 2 Q
d1
⋅ − 26957.843daN ⋅ · :·
M
yEdx
V
zEdmax.
x ⋅ q
d1
x
2
2
⋅ − Q
d1
0.625 ⋅ m − Q
d1
1.875 ⋅ m − 102222.826daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
9.2 Determinarea eforturilor de calcul preluate separat de inima si talpi
a. Efort preluat de inima
V
zEdw
V
zEdx
26957.843daN ⋅ · :·
I
yw
t
w
h
w
3

12
158400cm
4
⋅ · :·
I
y
422818.56cm
4
⋅ ·
M
yEdw
M
yEdx
I
yw
I
y
⋅ 38295.612daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
b.Efort preluat de talpi
h h
w
2t
f
+ 1.224m · :·
h
f
h t
f
− 1.212m · :·
V
zEdf
0 :· M
yEdf
M
yEdx
M
yEdw
− 63927.214daN m ⋅ ⋅ · :·
N
fEd
h
f
⋅ M
yEdf
N
fEd
M
yEdf
h
f
:· N
fEd
52745.226daN ⋅ ·
9.3 Dimensionarea imbinarii de pe inima grinzii principale
a.stabilirea dimensiunilor ecliselor
-din conditia de preluare si transmiterea eforturilor sectionale
impunem
t
e
t
w
2
≥ t
e
6mm ≥ t
e
6mm :·
t
w
2
0.55cm ⋅ ·
V
zEdw
2 t
e
⋅ h
e1

f
y
3 γ
M0

⋅ ≤ h
e1
V
zEdw
3 ⋅ γ
M0

2 t
e
⋅ f
y

16.56cm ⋅ · :·
M
yEdw
W
e
f
yd
γ
M0
⋅ ≤ W
e
2 h
e2
2
⋅ t
e
6
h
e2
3 M
yEdw

t
e
f
yd

90.27cm ⋅ · :·
h
e
max h
e1
h
e2
,
( )
h
e
90cm :·
h
w
1.2m ·
-din conditia de preluare optima a eforturilor (moment incovoitor)
h
e
h
w
2 20 ⋅ mm − ≤ 120cm 2 2 ⋅ cm − 1.16m ·
h
e
90cm :· t
e
6mm :·
b.Stabilirea diametrului surubului si a grupei
Propunem
d 5 t
min
⋅ 0.2cm − t
min
t
e
0.6cm ⋅ · :· d 5 0.6 ⋅ 0.2 − 1.532 · :·
d 16mm :·
Aleg M16 si grupa 8.8
cu
f
ub
8000
daN
cm
2

c. stabilirea nr. de siruri de suruburi si pozitionarea
1.2 d
0
⋅ e
1.2
≤ 4t
min
40 +
( )
≤ d
0
d 2mm + 18 mm ⋅ · :·
d
0
18mm :·
2.2 d
0
⋅ p
1.2
≤ 14t
min
200mm ,
( )

1.2 18 ⋅ mm 21.6mm ⋅ · 21.6mm e
1.2
≤ 4 6 ⋅ 40 + ≤ 64mm
2.2 20 ⋅ mm 44 mm ⋅ · 44 mm p
1.2
≤ min 14 6 ⋅ 200 , ( ) ≤ 84mm
-semieclisa(impunem 2 coloane e1 si e2)
impunem e
1
2.5d
0
⋅ 45 mm ⋅ · :· p
1
3d
0
54 mm ⋅ · :· p
1
p
2
e
1
44mm :·
e
2
1.5d
0
⋅ 27 mm ⋅ · :· p
1
58mm :·
nr
randuri
h
e
2e
1

p
1
1 + 15 · :· p
1
58mm :· p
2
58mm :·
b
e
2
2e
2
p
2
+ b
e
4 e
2
⋅ p
2
+ 166 mm ⋅ · :·
nr
suruburi
2 nr
randuri
⋅ 30 · :·
h
e
14p
1
2e
1
+ 900 mm ⋅ · :·
d. determinarea eforturilor de calcul pentru surubul cel mai solicitat
F
v
V
zEdw
nr
suruburi
898.595daN ⋅ · :· F
Moriz
M
yEdf
z
max

i
x
1
2
z
1
2
+
¸
¸
_
, ∑
F
Mvert
M
yEdf
x
max

i
x
1
2
z
1
2
+
¸
¸
_
, ∑
F
surubEd
F
Mvert
F
v
+
( )
2
F
Moriz
2
+
z
max
4p
1
:· x
max
p
2
2

x
1
58mm
2
:· z
1
7 58 ⋅ mm :· z
2
6 58 ⋅ mm :· z
3
5 58 ⋅ mm :· z
4
4 58 ⋅ mm :· z
5
3 58 ⋅ mm :·
z
6
2 58 ⋅ mm :· z
7
58mm :·
x
1
2
z
1
2
+ 165677mm
2
⋅ · x
1
2
z
2
2
+ 121945mm
2
⋅ · x
1
2
z
3
2
+ 84941mm
2
⋅ · x
1
2
z
4
2
+ 54665mm
2
⋅ ·
x
1
2
z
5
2
+ 31117mm
2
⋅ · x
1
2
z
6
2
+ 14297mm
2
⋅ · x
1
2
z
7
2
+ 4205mm
2
⋅ ·
m 165677mm
2
121945mm
2
+ 84941mm
2
+ 54665mm
2
+ 31117mm
2
+ 14297mm
2
+ 4205mm
2
+ 476847mm
2
⋅ · :·
S 4 m ⋅ 2
p
1
2
¸

¸
_

,
2
⋅ + 1909070mm
2
⋅ · :·
F
Mvert
M
yEdf
x
max

( )
S
971.095daN ⋅ · :·
F
Moriz
M
yEdf
z
max

( )
S
7768.764daN ⋅ · :·
F
surubEd
F
Mvert
F
v
+
( )
2
F
Moriz
2
+ 7990.584daN ⋅ · :·
e. determinarea efortului rezistent la suruburi
d
s
0.89d 14.24mm ⋅ · :·
u 0.5 :· η
f
2 :·
F
surubRd
min F
sRd
F
bRd
,
( )
γ
M7
1.1 :· A
s
π d
s
2
4
1.593cm
2
⋅ · :·
F
pc
0.7 A
s
⋅ f
ub

γ
M7
8107.841daN ⋅ · :·
F
sRd
u η
f
⋅ F
pc

γ
M2
:· F
sRd
6486.272daN ⋅ ·
2.8 e
2

d
0
1.7 − 2.5 ·
F
bRd
d k
1
⋅ α
b

min
t

¸

¸
_

,
⋅ f
u

γ
M2
k
1min
1.4 p
2

d
0
1.7 − 2.811 · k
1
2.5 :·
α
bmin
α
b
0.815 :·
e
1
3d
0
0.815 ·
p
1
3d
0
( )
0.25 − 0.824 ·
min
t

min 2t
e
t
w
,
( )
2t
e
12 mm ⋅ · t
w
11 mm ⋅ · f
u
3600
daN
cm
2

F
bRd
d k
1
⋅ α
b
⋅ 12 ⋅ mmf
u

γ
M2
11266.56daN ⋅ · :· F
surubRd
F
sRd
6486.272daN ⋅ · :·