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SINGAPORE STANDARD

CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001
(ICS 35.240.1 0)

CODE OF PRACTICE FOR

Construction computer-aided design (CAD)
Part 3 :Organising and naming of CAD files

Published by SPRING Singapore 2 Bukit Merah Central Singapore 159835 SPRING Singapore Website: www.spring.gov.sg Standards Website: www.standards.org.sg

SPRING sr ngapore

CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 Contents Page Foreword CODE OF PRACTICE 1 2 3 4 Scope Purpose Definitions Concept. formats and codes Examples 5 ANNEXES A List of type-of-work codes by discipline List of type-of-work codes in alphabetical order 16 19 B TABLES Description of fields in filename format A Description of fields in filename format B Description of fields in filename format C Codes for the first character of author field Codes for view plane field Examples for view plane field Forms of information and codes Directory structure and examples FIGURES 1 2 3 Filename format A Filename format B Filename format C 9 10 10 .

Compliance with a Singapore Standard does not exempt users from legal obligations.CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 Foreword This Singapore Standard was prepared by the Technical Committee on Construction Industry IT Standard under the direction of the Information Technology Standards Committee. Singapore Standards are subject to periodic review to keep abreast of technological changes and new technical developments. In preparing this Singapore Standard. NOTE 1.'Construction drawing practice .Guide for the structuring and exchange of CAD data'. The revisions of Singapore Standards are announced through the issue of either amendment slips or revised editions. Acknowledgement is made for the use of information from the British Standard. . 2. reference was made to BS 1192-5 : 1998 .

3 Author The word "Author" is used in this code to refer to the individual/company/organisationresponsible for creating the CAD file which may include layers from a few different originators of layers.Organising and naming of CAD files 1 Scope This code is to establish the general principles and formats for naming of construction computer-aided design (CAD) files.6 View plane View plane refers to the section of the physical construction represented by the CAD model in the file.2 Filename fields The following fields are used in the filename. 3. the following definitions shall apply: 3. Each field represents an independent concept. Type-of-work refers to the nature and scope of work in the CAD file. 3. . This is to facilitate communication and management of CAD files by representing important attributes in filenames and/or other forms of documentation.4 Project identification Project identification refers to common characters used in the filenames for the purpose of identifying CAD files under the same project.1 CAD file CAD file is a digital file containing CAD models or related information. 3. 3.CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 Code of practice for construction computer-aided design (CAD) Part 3 .7 Zone Zone refers to the construction zone or block number of the project. 2 Purpose The purpose of this code is to enhance uniformity in the naming of CAD files for the construction industry in Singapore. 3 Definitions For the purposes of this code. 3. It can be the level in a multi-storeybuilding or the orientation of the elevation view.

and document any variations. their contents need to be understood to locate information. for identification of the source and to manage files. 4. When it is not practical to include all the information in the filename.8 Version Version refers to the major revisions of the CAD file.2. Formats B and C are two alternatives for computer systems that can handle filenames with maximum of 8 characters. formats and codes covered in this code are used to name CAD files in building and construction projects. These processes will be enhanced if all parties involved in a project use a commonly understood filename convention. This code covers three filename formats and a recommended directory structure. full conformance and conceptual conformance. though the sequence and format of fields and codes may be different. 4. Deviations and additional codes shall be documented and communicated between different parties in the project.1 Concept. The concepts. a filename reference table or other means of documentation can be used to provide the information required. User-defined field refers to the field for users to provide additional information of the CAD file. All formats contain a number of mandatory fields and an optional user-defined field.2 Conceptual conformance A filename convention is in conceptual conformance to this code if it captures the information required in the fields and codes in this code.CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 3.1 Full conformance A filename convention is in full conformance to this code if it complies with the formats and codes specified in this code.3 Formats of filename This clause outlines three filename formats. . 4.2.2 Conformance To cater for the diversity of construction projects. namely. All the filename formats and directory structure can be further sub-divided into fields. Parties involved in projects using this code shall agree on the level of conformance. format to be used. Each field describes certain attributes of the file or directory. Additional codes or user-defined fields not covered in this code are to be documented and communicated between different parties in the project. Format A is for computer systems that can handle filenames with more than 8 characters. 4 4. 4. two levels of conformance are allowed in this code. formats and codes General When CAD files are transferred between different systems and organisations.

Project I. 4 is recommended 2 2 2 2 2 - r ~ a m of field e Project identification Author Type-of-work View plane Zone Version User-defined 1 Description of field 1 I Represent files of the same project. (optional field) The seven fields in filename format A are to be arranged in the format as shown in Figure 1. - Table 2 .Description of fields in filename format B Name of field Author Type-of-work View plane Zone Version User-defined Description of field Number of characters 2 2 I Individual/company/organisationresponsible for creating the file. - I for creating the file.D. Nature and scope of work. Nature and scope of work. Format B uses the field to describe the author while format C uses it for project identification. (optional field) 2 1 1 - . Therefore CAD files from different projects may have identical filenames. Please refer to 4.3. I 1 I Individual/company/organisationresponsible I . 4.5 for the recommended directory structure. Table 1 - Description of fields in filename format A Numberof characters 3 . Author meof-work View plane Zone Version User-defined' Figure 1 - Filename format A 4.2 Filename format B (alternative for computer system that can only handle 8. Zone of the construction site Major revisions User-definedcode for in-house applications. Level in a multi-storey building or orientation of an elevation view. the project identification field is to be separated from the remaining fields by means of an underscore character "-". Level in a multi-storey building or orientation of an elevation view. Zone of the construction site Major revisions User-defined code for in-house applications.CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 The difference between formats B and C is in the first field of the filename. The length of project identification filed may vary from 3 to 5 characters depending on the user's need. To enhance computer processing and readability.1 Filename format A This format requires 6 mandatory fields and an optional user-defined field. An alternative approach is to utilise the user-defined field for project identification code.5.3.3 filename format) This format works with a file directory structure to separate files from different projects.

Table 3 . Zone of the construction site Major revisions User-defined code for in-house applications. Nature and scope of work. * - Optional field) Figure 3 - Filename format C 4. V .for computer system that can only handle 8. it does not need a file directory structure to separate files from different projects.Description of fields in filename format C Name of field Project identification Type-of-work View plane Zone Version User-defined Description of field Represent files of the same project. please refer to CP 83 : Part 1 "Organisation and naming of CAD layers" for details of using layers/levels to segregate different originators of information. As such.4.3.Version field. Level in a multi-storey building or orientation of an elevation view. Project I.D. . For CAD file where another party prepares part of the information. * - Optional field) Figure 2 - Filename format B 4.3 filename format) The only difference between Format C and Format B is that the first field in Format C is used for project identification. Author Typeof-work View plane Z V User-defined* (NOTE: Z - Zone field. Two (2) alphanumeric characters are used for this field.4 4. 'meof-work View plane Z V User-defined' (NOTE: Z - Zone field.3 Filename format C (alternative . V - Version field. (optional field) ~ Number of characters 2 2 2 1 1 - The five mandatory fields and an optional filed in filename format C are to be arranged in the format as shown in Figure 3.1 Filename fields Author Author field represents the individual/company/organisationresponsible for creating the CAD file.CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 The five mandatory fields and an optional filed in filename format B are to be arranged in the format as shown in Figure 2.

Please refer to Annex A for the list of codes. .1 First character This first character indicates the discipline of the originator of the layer.2 Second character x The second character provides further definition of the author whenever necessary.4. This second alphanumeric character can also be used to denote different authors from the same discipline involved in the same project. 4. Two (2) alphanumeric characters are used for this field. the user may use between three (3) to five (5) alphanumeric characters to describe the project identification. Example: A. For Format C.4. a hyphen "-" shall be used as the second character of this field.CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 4. Two (2) alphanumeric characters are used for this field. If the first character is sufficient to define the author of the layer. It is a single alphabet in capital letter as shown in Table 4. For Format A.2 Project identification Project identification field represents files under the same project. Type-of-work field represents the nature and scope of work in the CAD file. In Table 5.for structural engineer.4 View plane View plane field represents the level in a multi-storey building or the orientation of the elevation view. the user can only use two (2) alphanumeric characters for project identification. Four characters for format A is recommended.4. Example: A1 & A2 represent two different architects working on the same project. 4. numeric variables are represented by "1".4.for architect and S.1. Table 4 - Codes for the first character of author field Author description Architect Civil Engineer Electrical Engineer Land Surveyor Mechanical Engineer Equipment Supplier Code A I I C E L M N S I 1 1 1 I Structural Engineer I Other disciplines 1 Contractor ( T V ( Telecommunication/Signal Engineer 1 I I 4.1.

CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 Table 5 .4. 1 to 9 and the hyphen character (. One (1) alphanumeric character is used for this field.Forms of information and codes Forms of information I IDiagram [ Legend I Notes DG LG NT I SH I I SD 4. legend. If the three characters allocated for the view plan and zone fields are not relevant to the type of construction. "-" represents all the zones in the project.5 I Schedule Standard drawings I Zone Zone field represents the construction zone or block number of the project. or schedules instead of CAD models. they can be used for further . The codes allowed this field are A to 2.Level of storey or lowest Basement 1 Table 6 Code 05 - Examples for the view plane field Description I 1 Level 5 FCC 1 ~3 M2 Basement 3 Mezzanine 2 Section view CC Nhen the CAD file contains only page information such as notes.Codes for the view plane field Numeric . the view plane is no longer relevant and the two characters can be used for description of the form of information presented.) . diagrams. Table 7 Code .

3. Table 8 Directories 1 Level - Directory structure and examples Examples Project identification (Year-Project Name) 2ndLevel /PD/ for Preliminary design /DCl for Development control approval /BPI for Building plan approval Project stage /TD/ for Contract tendering /CO/ for Construction /ABl for As-built drawings 3rdLevel Discipline or type-of-work . The filename will be more than 8 characters if this field is used.1. at various stages of construction. and between different parties in multi-disciplinary project.. 2. these codes are required to be documented and communicated between different parties of the project. However. The sequence of codes denoting the version is A.. 4. Directory structure in this code is not mandatory and the following examples are for illustrative purpose... One (1) alphanumeric character is used for this field.5 Directory structure A logical directory structure is necessary for the management of files for different projects. B. 2. The directory structure becomes critical when filename format A is used and project identification is not captured in the user-defined field. C . 4. . The character "X" is resewed for referenced files so that the filename does not have to be amended each time it is updated. 9. User-defined field can be used for further identification or to provide additional information.4.6 Version Version field represents major revisions of the CAD file.CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 description of the type-of-work with in-house codes.

.in the Author field). at level 5 (05 in the View Plane field) zone B (B in the Zone field). the digits 0 to 9.6. at level 12 (12 in the View Plane field) of zone B (B in the Zone field). This file includes project identification and drawing number (EW and 302) in the user-defined field.6 Coding conventions For indication of no further subdivision of the information or for all the possible variation of 4. Example 4: A2 SP . Filename format B Example 3: A-FP12BC A file prepared by an architect (A. 4. 4. 5 Examples Filename format A Example 1: EWOO-A2FP31B2C- A file of the East Wood project in the year 2000 (EWOO in the Project Identification field). and is the second version of the file (B in the Version field). prepared by a second architect (A2 in the Author field).) and underscore ( . and is used as file to be referenced by other CAD files (X in the Version field).in the Author field). and is the third version of the file (C in the Version field).in the Author field). hyphen characters (. containing floor plans (FP in the Type-of-work field). in addition to the hyphen (.6.6. and is the second version of the file (B in the Version field). . prepared by a civil engineer (C.1 field.-X A file prepared by a second architect (A2 in the Author field). containing road works (RD in the Type-of-work field) of section " X X (XX in the View Plane field) in zone 12 (12 in the Zone field). containing site plan (SP in the Type-ofin work field).CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 An example of a directory structure for files under the "East Wood" project for building plan submission of civil works is as follows: 4. Afile of the East Wood project in the year 2001 (EWO1 in the Project Identification field). containing beam-details sheet 2 (82 in the Type-of-work field).2 Alphanumeric characters allowed are the letters A to Z.) shall be used. containing floor plan (FP in the Type-of-work field). Example 5: S-B2 05BB-EW3 02 A file prepared by a structural engineer (S.3 All fields are left justified. covering the whole site ("--" in the View Plane field and "-" the Zone field). and is the third version of the file (Cin the Version field). at level 31 (31 in the View Plane field) of zone 82 (B2 in the Zone field).) characters.

at the roof (R. Example 8: EWACO 4BC A file of the East Wood project (EW in the Project ldentification field).in the View Plane field) of block 2 (2 in the Zone field). . Filename format C Example 7: EWDNR-2A A file of the East Wood project (EW in the Project ldentification field).in the Author field). and is the first version of the file (A in the Version field). at level 4 (04 in the View Plane field) of zone B (B in the Zone field).CP 83 : Part 3 : 2001 Example 6: E-ELO4BA-EL012 A file prepared by an electrical engineer (E. and is the third version of the file (C in the Version field). containing air-conditioning installations (AC in the Type-of-work field). and is the first version of the file (A in the Version field). This file includes drawing number (EL012) in the user-defined field. containing electrical supply installations (EL in the Type-of-work field). at level 4 (04 in the View Plane field) of zone B (B in the Zone field). containing drainage work (DN in the Type-of-work field).

Elevation view Floor plan .Elevation view Site plan . Drawing subject Common to all disciplines Floor plan Floor plan . numeric variables are represented by "1".Cross section view Site plan Site plan .CP 83 : Part 3: 2000 Annex A List of type-of-work codes by discipline Type-of-work codes in this list are classified according to the major construction disciplines.Cross section view Architectural Access details Aluminum works I Amenities plan Area calculation Bin centres Buildings Cabinetslwardrobes I Curtain walls Doors External works ( Gondolas lronmongery Kitchen cabinets Lifts and escalators Landscape Miscellaneous .Architectural Parking lots Railings Ramps Reflective ceiling plan Refuse chutes Roofs Signage I Staircases Substations Swimming pools I Toilets Windows I Code FP FE FX SP SE SX AD AL 1 AP AR BC I BD 1 1 CB I CU DR EW 1 GD IM KC LE LS MA PK RL RP CP RE RF SG I SC SN SM I TL I WD I 1 - - I I I . Note: In Annexes A and 8.

Core walls Footings Loading plan Miscellaneous .Civil Parking lots Piling layout Road works 1 Reclamation Signage Survey plan I Sewers I Utilities ~ l a n I Water works I Code I BH I BR 1 BS I DN DM EA I LS MC PK PL RD 1 RM SG SV I SW 1 UP 1 I I I 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I I Structural WW I I Beams Beam details sheet no. Staircases Steel works S1 SC I SL I .Structural Pilecaps Piling layout Retaining walls I BM I B1 I CW FT LP MS PC PL I RW I I I Slab details sheet no.CP 83: Part 3: 2000 Drawing subject Civil Bore holes Bridges Bus shelterslbavs Drainage Demolition Earth works I Landscape Miscellaneous .

Mechanical Plumbing services Process works Sanitary services Scrubbers Sewage treatment Steam services Structural coordination Swimming pool Electrical Electrical power supply Extra-low voltage installation Lifts and escalators Lighting Lightning and earthing Miscellaneous .CP 83 : Part 3: 2000 I Drawina subiect Mechanical Air-conditioning & mechanical ventilation Building automation systems Combined services Compressed air Fire services Fuel oil installation Gas supply Mechanical handling systems Miscellaneous .Electrical Telecommunication I Code I I I I I I AC BA I CS CA FS FO 1 GS I I I I I I MH MM PS I PW SA SR I ST SS SD SM 1 I I EL EV LE LT LN ME I TC I 1 .

Cross section view n Gondolas Gas supply lronmongery Kitchen cabinets Lifts and escalators I 1 I 1 I I I I I FX GD GS .-- 1 I I I I 1 I IM I 1 I architectural structural architecturallcivil civil architectural civil electrical electrical architectural mechanical common common mechanical structural common architectural mechanical architectural - I 1 I 1 KC I LE 1 architectural I architectural1elec6ical I I .Elevation view Floor Plan Fire services Footings Floor ~ l a . numeric variables are represented by "1" Codes 1 Types of Work I 1 1 I I AC AD AL AP AR B1 BA BC BD BH BM BR BS I CA CB CL CP CS CU CW DM DN DR 1 EA EL EV I EW I FO ( FE FP FS - I Air-conditioning & mechanical ventilation ( I Discipline I I I 1 I Access details Aluminum works Amenities plan Area calculation Beam details sheet no.CP 83: Part 3: 2000 Annex B List of type-of-work codes in alphabetical order Type-of-work codes in this list are arranged in alphabetical order. Building automation systems Bin centres Buildings Bore holes Beams Bridges Bus shelterslbays Compressed air Cabinetslwardrobes Reflective ceiling plan Combined services ( I mechanical architectural architectural architectural architectural structural mechanical architectural architectural civil civil civil 1 I I 1 structural 1 1 I I I Columns I I structural architectural mechanical I mechanical architectural I I 1 I 1 I I I Curtain walls Core walls Demolition Drainage Doors Earth works Electrical power supply Extra-low voltage installation External works Fuel oil installation Floor plan . Note: In Annexes A and B.

Elevation view Signage Steel works .Cross section view Telecommunication Toilets Utilities plan II architectural common mechanical mechanical I Sewage treatment I mechanical structural civil civil common electrical architectural civil I I Windows I Water works I 1 civil architectural . I electrical I structural architecturallcivil electrical architectural civil mechanical mechanical structural structural architectural1civil civillstructural mechanical mechanical civil architectural architectural1structural architectural civil architectural structural structural mechanical structural architectural/structural mechanical common architecturallcivil structural 1 1 I Miscellaneous .Electrical I electrical I I I - I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I Swimming pools I I architecturallmechanical I 1 I I Substations Site plan Scrubbers Steam services Stumps Survey plan Sewers Site plan . SP SR SS ST SU SV SW SX TC TL UP WD WW I Lightning and earthing I Loading plan Landscape Lighting Miscellaneous -Architectural Miscellaneous ..Civil Mechanical handling systems Miscellaneous .CP 83 : Part 3: 2000 I LN LP LS I LT MA MC ME MH MM MS PC PK PL PS I PW RD RE RF RL I RM RP RW 1 S1 SA SB SC SD 1 SE SG SL SM SN .Structural Pilecaps Parking lots Piling layout Plumbing services Process works Road works Refuse chutes Roofs Railings Reclamation Ramps Retaining walls Slab details sheet no. Sanitary services Slabs Staircases Structural coordination Site plan .Mechanical Miscellaneous .

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Technical References can therefore become Singapore Standards after two years. tertiary institutions and consumer. co-ordinating the development and use of Singapore Standards and setting up an information infrastructure to educate companies and industry on the latest developments. The second is the Local Enterprise Technical Assistance Scheme (LETAS). In the international arena. services. which is a fixed interest rate loan for SMEs to expand and develop new capabilities. Technical References are transition documents developed to help meet urgent industry demand for specifications or requirements on a particular product. dynamic and resilient domestic sector that is able to contribute significantly to the overall economy. Unlike Singapore Standards.gov. they are issued for comments over a period of two years before assessment on their suitability for approval as Singapore Standards. As the lead agency spearheading the upgrading of SMEs. methods of test. nomenclature. Singapore Standards are in the form of specifications for materials and products. The goal is to create a vibrant. the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).gov. trade and manufacturing organisations. etc. professional bodies. codes of practice. The first is the Local Enterprise Finance Scheme (LEFS). . SPRING Singapore 2 Bukit Merah Central Singapore 159835 Tel: (65) 6278 6666 Fax: (65) 6278 6667 E-mail: queries@spring. publication and promulgation of Singapore Standards and Technical References and their implementation. All comments are considered when a technical reference is reviewed at the end of two years to determine the feasibility of its transition to a Singapore Standard.CP 83 : Part 3: 2000 SMEs & Domestic Sector The SMEs and Domestic Sector area of focus has two thrusts: broad-based enterprise upgrading and industry transformation. SPRING Singapore administers two key financial incentive schemes for SMEs. which is a consultancy grant scheme to help SMEs acquire new competencies in operational management. The respective standards committee will draw up the standards before seeking final approval from the Standards Council. SPRING Singapore spearheads the transformation of the domestic sector. To ensure adequate representation of all viewpoints in the preparation of Singapore Standards. SPRING Singapore serves as the first point of contact for SMEs that need information and assistance for upgrading. all committees appointed consist of representatives from various interest groups which include government agencies. SPRING Singapore represents Singapore in the lnternational Organisation of Standardisation (ISO). continue as Technical References for further comments or be withdrawn. the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Sub-committee for Standards and Conformance (SCSC) and in the ASEAN Consultative Committee for Standards and Quality (ACCSQ).sg Website: http:llwww. SPRING Singapore is vested with the authority to appoint a Standards Council to advise on the preparation. process or service in an area where there is an absence of reference standards. SPRING Singapore helps companies and industry to meet international standards and conformity requirements by creating awareness of the importance of standardisation to enhance competitiveness and improve productivity. it adopts a total approach to developing SMEs into vibrant and resilient enterprises.spring.sg ABOUT THE NATIONAL STANDARDISATION PROGRAMME Under the national standardisation programme.