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DOC. NO:

CIVIL

Dept

XXX.X BEAM BXX:
Loading diagrams for the beam is shown below. For detailed load calculations refer design document for pile layout.
7.97 KN

12.63 KN
102.45 KN/m

41 kN/m
AA
120.4

12.63 KN

9.89 KN
102.45 KN/m

41 kN/m
A

1.6

B
1.5

41 kN/m

BB
468.64
2.45

C

D

CC
159.08

2.45 m

2.00

1.95

DEAD LOAD DIAGRAM
90 KN
10.35 KN
35.7 kN/m
PB3
98.84

B
1.5

16.40 KN

12.85 KN

35.7 kN/m

29.45 KN/m

A
1.6

198.0 KN
16.40 KN

FRW2
473.63
2.45

35.7 kN/m

29.45 KN/m

C

D

W6
176.27

2.45 m

2.00

1.95

LIVE LOAD DIAGRAM
DESIGN FOR BENDING:
i) SPAN PB3-FRW2
Width of the beam
Depth of the beam provided
Clear cover to main reinforcement
Diameter of the bar
Effective depth
Maximum Bending moment due to dead load
Maximum Bending moment due to live load
Design bending moment
Check for Effective depth,d
=sqrt(Mu/(0.138x25xb)
Since dprovided>drequired . Ok
Mu/bd2
% of steel required From Table- of IS 456:2000
Area of steel As(from SP16 design aids for reinforced conrete to IS 456)
Area of steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xMu/(fckxbdd)))/(fy/fck))*bd/100
Check for min. & max. steel:
Min. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1a) of IS 456:2000
Ast/bd=0.85/fy
Max. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1b) of IS 456:2000
0.04bD
Provide 8 - T16 + 8- T12 with Asp
ii) SUPPORT AT FRW2
Width of the beam
Depth of the beam provided
Effective depth
Maximum Bending moment due to dead load
Maximum Bending moment due to live load
Design bending moment
Mu/bd2
% steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xMu/(fckxbdd)))/(fy/fck))
Area of steel reinforcement As
Check for min. & max. steel:
Min. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1a) of IS 456:2000
Ast/bd=0.85/fy
Max. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1b) of IS 456:2000
0.04bD
Provide 8 -T20 + 8 - T25 (TOP) with Asp
iii) SPAN FRW2-W6
Width of the beam
Depth of the beam provided
Effective depth
Maximum Bending moment due to dead load
Maximum Bending moment due to live load
Design bending moment
Mu/bd2
% steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xMu/(fckxbdd)))/(fy/fck))
Area of steel reinforcement As
Check for min. & max. steel:
Min. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1a) of IS 456:2000
Ast/bd=0.85/fy
Max. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1b) of IS 456:2000
0.04bD
Provide 12-T25 with Asp

=
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=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1

1600
600
30
20
560
143.85
124.02
401.81
269.80

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
kNm
kNm
kNm
mm

2
0.80 N/mm
0.20
1792.00 mm2
2489.08 mm²

1835.18 mm²
38400.00 mm²
2514.29 mm²
1500
600
560
293.69
317.78
917.21
1.95
0.60
5040.81

mm
mm
mm
kNm
kNm
kNm
N/mm2
mm2

1720.48 mm²
36000.00 mm²
6442.86 mm²
1500
600
560
261.45
373.21
951.99
2.02
0.63
5069.17

mm
mm
mm
kNm
kNm
kNm
N/mm2
mm2

1720.48 mm²
36000.00 mm²
5887.50

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DESIGN FOR SHEAR:
Maximum shear force due to dead load SFd
Maximum shear force due to live load SFl
Design shear force Vu = (1.5xSFd +1.5xSFl))
Design shear stress, ζv(Cl. 40.1of IS 456:2000)
Concrete shear strengthζc (From table 19 of IS 456:2000 for % steel of 0.60 & concrete grade M25)
As ζv > ζc, shear will be provided as per Cl.40.4.a of IS 456:2000, (Vus = 0.87fyAsvd/Sv)
Spacing required Sv (Vus= Vu - ζcbd)
Spacing of stirrups required as per min.shear( Asv = 10x50.25 =502.5 mm2) of 26.5.1.6 of IS 456:2000
Spacing of stirrups should not exceed the following:
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth (26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000)
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 300mm
To keep every longitudinal bar within 150mm from vertical leg Provide T8 - 10 legged stirrups
As the design of shear reinforcement is done section having maximum design shear force
Provide T8 - 10 legged stirrups at 200 c/c.

=
=
=
=
=

254.56
274.76
793.98
0.95
0.53

=
=

294.13
302.44 mm

=
=

420.00 mm
300.00 mm

CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION AT SUPPORT FRW2:
Maximum Bending moment due to dead load
Maximum Bending moment due to live load
Total Moment
Distance from the compression face to the point at which crack width is calculating, a'
Minimum cover to the tention steel, cmin
Diameter of the bar
C/C Spacing of the bar
Distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar, acr
Area of tension reinforcement provided, Ast
Width of the section at the centroid of the tention steel, bt
Effective depth , d
Modulus of elasticity the reinforcement (N/ mm2), Es
Modulus of elasticity of concrete reinforcement (N/ mm2), Ec (27000/2)
Overall depth of the member, D
a = 0.5xb
b= (Es/Ec)xAs
c= -(Es/Ec)xAsxd
Depth of the nuetral axis, x
Lever arm, z
Tensile force in reinforcement
Tensile stress in reinforcement due to bending
Strain in reinforcement eps1
epsm
Crack Width w max
Crack width is less than 0.2 mm Hence safe.
CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION AT BOTTOM:
Maximum Bending moment due to dead load(Bending moment at the end of pedestal)
Maximum Bending moment due to live load(Bending moment at the end of pedestal)
Total Moment
Distance from the compression face to the point at which crack width is calculating, a'
Minimum cover to the tention steel, cmin
Diameter of the bar
Distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar, acr
Area of tension reinforcement provided, As
Width of the section at the centroid of the tention steel, bt
Effective depth , d
Modulus of elasticity the reinforcement (N/ mm2), Es
Modulus of elasticity of concrete reinforcement (N/ mm2), Ec
Overall depth of the member, h
a = 0.5xb
b= (Es/Ec)xAs
c= -(Es/Ec)xAsxd
Depth of the nuetral axis, x
Lever arm, z
Tensile force in reinforcement
Tensile stress in reinforcement due to bending
Strain in reinforcement eps1
epsm
Crack Width wmax
Crack width is less than 0.2 mm Hence Safe.
CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:
Check for Span to Effective depth ratio as per IS 456:2000
Effective Span of the beam
Basic Span to effective depth ratio ( from Cl.23.2.1of IS 456:2000)
Modification factor due to % of tensile steel at centre of span (Cl.23.2.1.c & Fig.4 of IS 456:2000)
Modification factor due to % of compression steel(from Cl.23.2.1.d & Fig.5 of IS 456:2000)
Span to effective depth ratio to be provided
Effective depth required
Effective depth provided
Effective depth provided is more than required, Hence safe.

2

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

kN
kN
kN
N/mm2
N/mm2

293.69
317.78
611.47
600
50
25
92
65.10
6440
1500
537.50
200000
13500
600
750
95407.407
-51281481
205.51
469.00
1303779.9
202.45
0.0012028
0.00102
0.19

kNm
kNm
KNm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm

232.26
275.86
508.12
600
50
20
74.85
5024
1600
537.50
200000
13500
600
800
74429.63
-40005926
181.89
476.87
1065533
212.09
0.0012468
0.00099
0.198

kNm
kNm
KNm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm

mm
mm
N
N/mm2

mm

mm
mm
N
N/mm2

mm

6400.00 m
26.00
1.23
1.08
34.38
186.16 mm
540.00 mm

InfoMile
PROJECT :

MOL, HUNGARY

DOC TITLE: DESIGN OF SUB STRUCTURE
DOC. NO: MOL-XXX-XXX-0001
Grade of Concrete,
fcu
Grade of Steel,
fy
Clear Cover,

C
MEMBER

Member
B1

B2

B3

B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9

PB1

b

25
415
30
INFORMATION

Location

b
mm

Span PB3-FRW2
Support At FRW2
SpanFRW2-W6
Span W6-B3
Support At B3
Span B3-W7
Span W3-W2 & Span W2-P11
Support AT W2
Support AT P11

Span W4-P28 &Span P28-W3
Support W4 & W3
Support AT P28
Span P1 - P2:
Support P2
Span P2-P3
Support P3

= Width of the beam

DESIGN

C

D

mm mm

d
mm

Mu

Mu/bd2

kNm N/mm²

Ast
mm²

1600
1600
1600
600
600
600
600

600
600
600
400
400
400
500

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

560
560
560
360
360
360
460

399.82
919.61
963.17
88.22
119.93
25.32
77.61

0.80
1.83
1.92
1.13
1.54
0.33
0.61

2057
5017
5283
719
1000
442
565

600
300
300
300
300
300
1600
1600
1600
300
300
300
300

500
400
400
400
400
500
400
460
1600
1600
1600
1600
1600

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

460
360
360
360
360
460
360
420
1560
1560
1560
1560
1560

218.63
44.63
115.55
108.74
117.85
199.02
32.83

1.72
1.15
2.97
2.80
3.03
3.14
0.16
0.00
0.20
0.08
0.36
0.36

1442
364
1063
987
1090
1453
1180
1376
5112
959
959
959

= Clear Cover

775.31
56.18
260.43
263.74

Ast

= Area of steel Required

FOR BENDING

D

= Overall Depth of the beam

d

= Eff. depth of the beam

∅ = Diameter of the bar

Astp = Area of Tension Steel Provided
A'sp = Area of Comp. Steel Provided
Mu = Design bending moment

InfoMile Solutions
Rev

Designed

Checked

x

XX

XX

Department

DESIGN

FOR

% Steel

= Area of steel Required

BENDING
Provided Main
Reinft. Bars

A'sp

ASTP

Vu

Nos. Dia Nos. Dia

mm²

mm²

kN

DESIGN FOR SHEAR
Required Shear
ζ
ζc
Reinforcement.

Sv
Nls

0.23
0.56
0.59
0.33
0.46
0.09
0.17

8
8
6
4
4
4

16
20
20
16
25
16

6
6
8
3
3
3
4

12
25
25
12
20
12
12

402
402
402
402
402
402
402

2286
5456
5809
1143
2905
1143
452

796.00
796.00
796.00

0.89
0.89
0.89

213.80

0.99

0.52
0.34
0.98
0.91
1.01
1.05
0.04
0.00
0.06
0.02
0.10
0.10

4
2

20
16

2
4

25
20

3
1
4
4
2
4
16

20
12
20
25
20
20
12

402
402
402
402
402
402
402

2198
515
1256
1963
1609
2512
1809

535.79
64.91
115.55
171.38
140.72
187.31

1.94
0.60
1.07
1.59
1.30
1.36

12
2

20
16

3768
716

91.95
777.13

0.14
0.31

20

402
402
402

1

255.57

ζ

Civil / Struc

0.35
0.51
0.52
0.40
0.47
0.29
0.31

8
8
8

10
10
10

209
283
283

8

4

233

0.50
0.41
0.64
0.62
0.64
0.65
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.29

8
8
8
8
8
8

4
2
2
2
2
2

84
270
270
125
183
172

8
8

10
10

283
283

0.55

= Nominal shear stress

CHEAK FOR

D

lef

6400
6400
3950
3950
3950

2750
3350
4250
3350
4250
3100

6400

8

2

302

Bt

= Modification factor due to t

Bc

= Modification factor due to

= Area of Comp. Steel Provided

= Area of Tension Steel Provided

Vu = Design shear force

lef

= Eff. Span of the beam

= Design bending moment

Nls
Sv

dr

= Effective depth required

ζc

= Concrete shear strength
= No. of Shear Legs
= Spacing of Shear Stirrups

Checked

Approved

XX

Page

of

x

x

XX

Civil / Structural

CHEAK FOR
Basic
l,ef/d
Bt
Bc

Bt

DEFLECTION
lef/dr

dr

dp

Remar
ks

26

1.23

1.08

34.54 185.30

560

Safe

26
26

1.14
1.71

1.01
1.06

29.96 213.64
47.16 83.75

560
360

Safe
Safe

26
26

2.00
1.07

1.06
1.05

55.04 71.77
29.00 136.20

360
460

Safe
Safe

26
26
26
26
26
26

1.61
1.02
1.28
1.12
1.17
2.00

1.11
1.11
1.11
1.11
1.09
1.02

46.46
29.39
36.89
32.36
33.08
53.18

59.19
114.00
115.22
103.51
128.48
58.29

360
360
360
360
460
360

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

26

1.12

1.03

29.83 214.52

1560

Safe

= Modification factor due to tensile steel

Bc

= Modification factor due to comp. steel

lef

= Eff. Span of the beam

dr

= Effective depth required

InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT :

MODEL BLDG.

DOC TITLE: DESIGN OF BEAMS
DOC. NO: xxxxxxxxxxxxx
Grade of Concrete,
Fcu
Grade of Steel,
Fy
Clear Cover,

C
MEMBER

Member
B1

B2

B3

B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9

PB1

35
460
50
INFORMATION

Location

b

Span PB3-FRW2
1600
Support At FRW2
1600
SpanFRW2-W6
1600
Span W6-B3
600
Support At B3
600
Span B3-W7
600
Span W3-W2 & Span W2-P11600
Support AT W2
Support AT P11
600
300
300
300
300
300
Span W4-P28 &Span P28-W3
1600
Support W4 & W3
1600
Support AT P28
1600
Span P1 - P2:
300
Support P2
300

D
600

Dia

d

Mu

Mu/bd2

DESIGN FOR BENDING
%
Provided Main
Steel
AS
Reinft. Bars
Nos. Dia Nos. Dia

600
600
400
400
400
500

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

540
540
540
340
340
340
440

399.82
919.61
963.17
88.22
119.93
25.32
77.61

0.86
1.97
2.06
1.27
1.73
0.37
0.67

1743
4177
4391
620
857
312
413

0.20
0.48
0.51
0.30
0.42
0.15
0.16

8
8

16
20

4
4
4

16
25
16

500
400
400
400
400
400
400
460
1600
1600
1600

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

440
340
340
340
340
340
340
400
1540
1540
1540

218.63
44.63
115.55
108.74
117.85
199.02
32.83

1.88
1.29
3.33
3.14
3.40
5.74
0.18

20
16

2
4

25
20

0.20
0.08
0.37

0.46
0.31
0.87
0.81
0.89
1.73
0.15
0.15
0.14
0.14
0.14

4
2

775.31
56.18
260.43

1215
314
884
824
904
1762
832
957
3328
624
624

12
2

20
16

A'sp

ASP

8
8
16
3
3
3
4

12
25
20
12
20
12
12

402
402
402
402
402
402
402

2512
6437
5024
1143
2905
1143
452

3
1
4
4
2
4
16

20
12
20
25
20
20
12

402
402
402
402
402
402
402

2198
515
1256
1963
1609
2512
1809

1

20

402
402
402

3768
716

Span P2-P3
Support P3

300
300

1600
1600

20
20

= Clear Cover

1540
1540

263.74

0.37

624

0.14

b

= Width of the beam

C

D

= Overall Depth of the beam

Dia = Diameter of the bar Asp = Area of Tension Steel Provided

d

= Eff. depth of the beam

As

= Area of steel Required

A'sp = Area of Comp. Steel Provided
Mu = Design bending moment

lutions
Rev

Designed

Checked

x

XX

XX

Approved

Page

of

x

x

XX

Department

DESIGN FOR SHEAR

CHEAK

Required Shear
Reinforcement.
Dia
Sv
Nls

SFu

v

vc

796.00
796.00
796.00

0.92
0.92
0.92

0.47
0.64
0.59

8
8
8

10
10
10

300
325
325

213.80

1.05

0.83

8

4

350

535.79
64.91
115.55
171.38
140.72
187.31

2.03
0.64
1.13
1.68
1.38
1.84

0.67
0.59
0.79
0.92
0.86
0.99

8
8
8
8
8
8

4
2
2
2
2
2

100
350
350
175
275
150

91.95
777.13

0.14
0.32

0.00
0.38

8
8

10
10

325
325

Lef

Basic
Lef/d

FOR

Bt

Bc

DEFLECTION
Lef/dr

dr

dp

Remar
ks

6400

26

1.80

1.02

47.60 134.46

540

Safe

6400
3950

26
26

1.14
1.74

1.02
1.06

30.02 213.16
48.08 82.15

540
340

Safe
Safe

3950
3950

26
26

2.00
1.60

1.06
1.05

55.21
43.55

71.55
90.70

340
440

Safe
Safe

2750
3350
4250
3350
4250
3100

20
20
20
20
20
26

1.66
1.06
1.27
1.14
0.88
2.00

1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.12
1.02

36.96
23.76
28.33
25.46
19.62
53.25

74.41
141.01
150.03
131.57
216.65
58.22

340
340
340
340
340
340

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

6400

26

2.00

1.03

53.47 119.70

1540

Safe

255.57

0.55

0.00

8

2

250

v

= Design shear stress

Bt

= Modification factor due to tensile steel

vc

= Concrete shear strength

Bc

= Modification factor due to comp. steel

SFu

= Design shear force

Lef

= Eff. Span of the beam

Nls
Sv

= No. of Shear Legs
= Spacing of Shear Stirrups

dr

= Effective depth required