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FAMILIARISATION WITH SYMBOLS (mainly related to material thickness and stress)

© Matthews Engineering Training Ltd

Slide 1

API 570 CERT REMEMBER THE BITS OF ASME B31.erection Ch VI :Inspection and testing Ch VII :Non-metallic piping Ch VIII :Piping for Cat M service Ch IX :High pressure piping The chapters use various SYMBOLS © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 2 .3 THAT WE ARE CONCERNED WITH Ch 1 :Scope Ch 11 :Design Ch111 :Materials The main content you need to know is drawn from these chapters Ch 1V :Standards Ch V :Fabrication.assembly.

3 © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 3 .3 SYMBOLS As you work through the following you can see the symbols concerned B31.API 570 CERT B31. review in your code the sections/paragraphs mentioned.

3.2 SY SY Next slide for definition © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 4 .1 to 302.3.API 570 CERT STRESS SYMBOLS THE SUBJECT IS: ITS IN YOUR CODE SECTION (S)NUMBERED THE SYMBOLS INTRODUCED ARE: Allowable stresses and other stress limits 302.

API 570 CERT ROOM TEMPERATURE ST = Ultimate tensile strength UTS Yield Stress S (UTS) at room temperature SY = Yield strength at room temperature Strain (extension) © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 5 .

API 570 CERT STRESS SYMBOLS SO NOTE:In API and ASME codes Stress (and strength) are denoted by S Stress =S Slide 6 Don’t get confused with European codes where you may see stress shown as σ (sigma). yield as Re and UTS as Rm © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd .

4 Tables A1-A and A1-B Next slide for definition © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 7 .3.API 570 CERT WELD FACTORS ITS IN THE CODE THE SYMBOLS INTRODUCED ARE: THE SUBJECT IS: SECTION (S)NUMBERED READ ABOUT THESE NOW Weld factors 302.3 Ec Ej 302.3.

Think of this as a ‘weakness factor’ used for longitudinally-welded components (because welds can be imperfect and difficult to test accurately) © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 8 .API 570 CERT WELD FACTORS Ec :Casting quality factor. Think of this as a weakness factor’ used for (unwelded)cast materials which do not have good pressure/temperature strength data Ej :Weld joint quality factor.

4 and Table A-1B © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 9 .3 WELD QUALITY FACTOR Ej It relates to how a longitudinal weld is NDE’d Double vee butt Single-sided butt READ ABOUT THIS NOW IN 302.3.API 570 CERT B31.

2 c T These ones are self-explanatory:have a look at their definitions in the sections of the code More complicated . see the next slide © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd D d Y Slide 10 .API 570 CERT MATERIAL THICKNESSES ITS IN THE CODE SECTION (S)NUMBERED THE SUBJECT IS: THE SYMBOLS INTRODUCED ARE Internal pressure/straight pipe thickness t tm 304.1.1 and 304.1.

Note how it is defined at the end of 304.API 570 CERT THE MYSTERIOUS COEFFICIENT Y Y is a coefficient which is used when calculating the thickness of a pipe required to resist a certain internal pressure. depending on the ratio of the pipe wall thickness to its diameter © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 11 .1.1:it is defined in two different ways.

at the end of get Y from table use the equation involving D.It is related to the thin-vthick walled assumptions that are used to define the stresses in pipes •For t<D/6 .1 of the code .It depends on temperature •For t>=D/6 .1.d and c .1.API 570 CERT SO WHAT IS Y ? You can think of as a coefficient that is needed because of the different stresses that are produced in pipes of varying wall thicknesses as the temperature changes.1 Slide 12 Y Wall thickness t Outside diameter D © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd .

3 © Matthews Engineering Training Ltd Slide 13 . write them on post-it notes and stick them on the front of your code B31.API 570 CERT BEFORE PROCEEDING FURTHER…… Remember that the object of his exercise is to introduce you to some of the early symbols used in B31.3.Make sure that you read the various code sections until you can remember them If you have any problems remembering them.