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© Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

obscene and impolite behaviour. In their findings. but only to schoolboys. such as caning. Article 1 . the practice has never left the school grounds.754 students who participated in the survey. out of the 5. 10 15 III Understandably. Professor Chiam Heng Keng said that while SUHAKAM understands the need to discipline and punish wrongdoers. students and administrators conducted by researchers from local universities engaged by the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (or SUHAKAM.Spare the Rod? I Schools in Europe and the United Kingdom stopped using the cane to discipline delinquent youngsters following protests from parents and politicians more than 16 years ago. loitering. to be meted out by school authorities. It took place more often in rural schools than urban ones and almost 80 per cent of the cases occurred at technical schools. Commissioner and education working group chairman. The Education Ordinance 1957 (Amended 1959) allows corporal punishments. In Malaysia. it maintains that caning is not the best corrective measure. An Education Ministry directive issued in 1994 listed eight offences that could warrant caning: truancy. it does not address the underlying problem. However. She further added that caning only tells the child to stop whatever he has done. She stressed that teachers must work with parents to get to the root of the problem. about 52 per cent of the students surveyed agreed that caning commonly happened in their schools. She added that harsh punishments tend to reinforce a child's negative attitudes. Caning has always been legal in Malaysian schools.CONFIDENTIAL 2 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 PART A: READING COMPREHENSION (20 MARKS) Read the following articles and answer all the questions that follow. 20 25 © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL . SUHAKAM is disheartened by the findings of its study. however. its Malay acronym) revealed the regular use of the cane in schools. 5 II A probe on human rights awareness among secondary school teachers. dirty appearance and vandalism. involvement in criminal activities. In other words. dishonesty. What the inquiry found was a gross breach of a child's rights committed by teachers and administrators alike.

45 VI The secretary-general of the National Union of the Teaching Profession.5 per cent of teachers and 71. July 15. The SUHAKAM probe found that 79. 50 The Star. they also revealed that girls were not spared the rod. admitted that there are other ways of disciplining a student. Under the present Child Act 2001. However. Eighty per cent of teachers agreed that persistent troublemakers in school should be caned. even primitive. Almost seven per cent of female respondents from girl schools had reported this. In addition. then principals and headmasters should use the rod professionally and with compassion. if push comes to shove. 2007 © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL . only boys between the ages of 10 and 18 may be subjected to corporal punishment.8 per cent of administrators agreed that persistent offenders should be caned though Malaysia had signed the Declaration of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1995. These include imposing fines. Lok Yim Pheng. they should have at least 10 years of teaching experience and be married with children. It was recommended that only certain teachers be empowered to cane students. the Ministry of Education allowed teachers other than 40 headmasters. IV Although many experts argue that caning is outdated. She reiterated that even so. The decision followed the rise in cases of assault on teachers and gangsterism in schools. Ideally. sending students to detention class and making parents sign a pledge to ensure that their children do not misbehave. principals and those involved in disciplining students to use the cane. reserved for absolute hardcore cases and should never be done publicly. 30 35 V Last October. many educators defended it as a way to stem rising violence in schools. caning should be the penalty of last resort.CONFIDENTIAL 3 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 she cautioned that we should not confuse upholding the rights of the child with indulging the child.

When it comes to caning. a) Caning troublemakers in school is considered a form of maltreatment by most teachers. According to teachers. the Education Ordinance 1957 clearly contradicts the Child Act 2001. d) Caning has the least negative effect on students. b) Caning is one way to prevent violence in schools.CONFIDENTIAL 4 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 QUESTION 1 State whether the following statements are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). (1 mark) b) c) d) © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL . the following are reasons they support caning in schools except a) Students who repeatedly cause trouble should be caned. More than half of the respondents in the survey had been caned by their teachers before. both boys and girls were caned. In the survey carried out by SUHAKAM. (2 marks) QUESTION 2 What do the following words mean as used in the passage? a) 'breach' (line 14) b) 'disheartened' (line 20) c) 'underlying' (line 25) d) 'stem'(line 31) ___ _ _ _ _ (2 marks) QUESTION 3 Circle your answer for the question below. c) Caning reduces assault cases and gangsterism in schools.

what is the best way to overcome discipline problems in schools? (1 mark) QUESTION 6 What is the main idea of paragraph VI? (1 mark) © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi IMARA CONFIDENTIAL . (1 mark) QUESTION 5 According to Professor Chiam Heng Keng.CONFIDENTIAL 5 LG/OCT 2008/BEL311 QUESTION 4 Why is caning not the best corrective measure according to SUHAKAM? Give two (2) reasons.

then teachers and headmasters should use the rod professionally and with compassion" (lines 49-51).CONFIDENTIAL 6 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 QUESTION 7 According to the secretary-general of the National Union of the Teaching Profession. only "if push comes to shove. Under what conditions did she recommend this? List two (2) conditions. (2 marks) © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL .

However. the governments must protect the child from all forms of maltreatment by parents or others responsible for his or her care. We caution against the use of the cane on children regardless of gender. Furthermore. but it fails to address the root causes of the problem. The use of the cane can be abused. examination-orientated education system. teachers who are fed up with the rising cases of indiscipline in schools may say caning is justified. Caning contravenes Article 19 of the CRC. it is all right to use violence and inflict pain to teach a child something. the negative effects of 25 © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL .Caning Does More Harm Than Good I The Women's Centre for Change Penang (WCC) notes with great concern the recent proposal to extend caning as a method to handle discipline problems involving schoolgirls. corporal punishment is a form of child abuse. This goes against all efforts to reduce the level of violence in our society. Furthermore. The causes involve an inability to fit into a rigid. 5 10 III Caning may not be the most effective way to deal with problems of indiscipline. There is no evidence to suggest that this method can improve a child's learning ability. While it may bring about the immediate compliance of the child. Under the article. of which Malaysia is a signatory. V Caning may seem to be a quick fix solution to misbehaviour. II The caning of a child is in direct contravention of the Convention on the Rights of The Child (CRC). that is. Corporal punishment can lead to increased antisocial behaviour.CONFIDENTIAL 7 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 Article 2 . aggression and chronic defiance. especially when frustrations are vented. inflicting severe punishment and using mental humiliation on children have adverse effects such as loss of selfesteem and personality changes with ramifications on adult life. 20 15 IV The social consequence of caning is that it sends a clear message that violence is an acceptable form of behaviour in society. the issues of physical harm as well as emotional damage to the child need to be taken into consideration.

Support school teachers by reducing the number of students per class. for example those dealing with the health. to both students and school authorities. insufficient guidance from the home.CONFIDENTIAL 8 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 poverty. Devaraj. the need to challenge boundaries. Prema E. having access to highly trained counselors and child psychologists. so as to provide support where needed. providing skills training in class control and handling difficult students. welfare and rights of the child. 2007 © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL . negative influences from the neighbourhood environment. 30 VI WCC would therefore urge the Ministry of Education to: 1. Penang. among others. 35 3. dysfunctional family situations. Work with other agencies and community groups. having teacher assistants. Have a more balanced education system which moves away from an over-emphasis on examinations towards a more holistic education which cultivates the child's other potentials. 2. 40 4. December 3. Programme Director. The Star. Consult with experts in various fields to work out alternative forms of discipline which include behaviour modification programmes that help enhance positive behaviour of students. Women's Centre for Change.

List four (4) kinds of damage.CONFIDENTIAL 9 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 QUESTION 8 What does Article 19 of the Convention on the Rights of The Child state? (1 mark) QUESTION 9 Caning as a measure of instilling discipline among students can lead to emotional damage. (2 marks) QUESTION 10 "The social consequence of caning is that it sends a clear message that violence is an acceptable form of behaviour in society." (lines 21-23) What does Prema Devaraj mean by the above sentence? (2 marks) © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL . it is all right to use violence and inflict pain to teach a child something. that is.

State two (2) ways the education system can develop the students' other potentials or talents.CONFIDENTIAL 10 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 QUESTION 11 How can the "negative influences from the neighbourhood environment" (lines 29-30) cause students to misbehave in school? (2 marks) QUESTION 12 List two (2) recommendations made by the Women's Centre for Change to the Ministry of Education on how to help teachers in the classroom. (1 mark) QUESTION 13 The education system should move away from an over-emphasis on examinations and become more holistic in order to develop the students' other potentials or talents. (2 marks) © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL .

© Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL . you have developed the following opinion about the issue: "Caning should not be allowed in schools today" Using the information from the two articles. Based on these two articles "Spare the Rod?" and "Caning Does More Harm Than Good". (You must use information that you have gathered from reading the two articles but marks will be deducted if you copy sentences from the articles). In-text citations and proper acknowledgement of references used must also be included.CONFIDENTIAL 11 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 PART B : WRITING (20 MARKS) QUESTION 1 You are a school counselor and you are asked to give a talk to a group of teachers. Include three main ideas with supporting details for your talk. write a speech of about 300 words to support your opinion.

CONFIDENTIAL 12 LG/OCT 2008/BEL311 © Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL .