Atal Bihari Vajpayee

10th Prime Minister of India In office 19 March 1998 – 19 May 2004 K. R. Narayanan President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Preceded by I. K. Gujral Succeeded by Manmohan Singh In office 16 May 1996 – 1 June 1996 President Shankar Dayal Sharma Preceded by P. V. Narasimha Rao Succeeded by H. D. Deve Gowda Minister of External Affairs In office 26 March 1977 – 28 July 1979 Prime Morarji Desai Minister Preceded by Yashwantrao Chavan Succeeded by Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra Personal details 25 December 1924 (age 87) Born Gwalior State Political Bharatiya Janata Party (1980–present)

He also served as the Member of Parliament from Lucknow. Vajpayee never married and remained a bachelor his entire life. Panchjanya (a Hindi weekly) and the dailies Swadesh and Veer Arjun. He was also the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Morarji Desai. he is the only Prime Minister from outside the Indian National Congress party to serve a full five-year term. Pandit Shyam Lal Vajpayee. For a while Vajpayee studied law. Vajpayee attended Gwalior's Victoria College (now Laxmi Bai College) and graduated with distinction in Hindi. He edited Rashtradharma (a Hindi monthly). This choice was largely influenced by the fact that as a student he had been an activist in India's struggle for freedom. and twice to the Rajya Sabha (upper house). in Political Science from DAV College. A parliamentarian for over four decades. His grandfather. but midstream he chose to become a journalist. first for 13 days in 1996 and then from 1998 to 2004. Vajpayee was one amongst the founder members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh and had also been its president. Uttar Pradesh. Vajpayee did his schooling from the Saraswati Shishu Mandir. was a poet and a schoolmaster in his hometown. had migrated to Gwalior from his ancestral village of Bateshwar. Like other full-time workers of the Sangh. Vajpayee was elected to the Lok Sabha (the lower house of India's Parliament) nine times. Kanpur. Gwalior DAV College. Vajpayee renamed his former party Jana Sangh as Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Early life and education Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born to Krishna Devi and Krishna Bihari Vajpayee on 25 December 1924 in a middle-class family. . Later he became a full-time worker of the Hindu organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). in first-class. He completed his post-graduation with an M.A. Krishna Bihari Vajpayee. Bara. Uttar Pradesh and his father. Gwalior. when he retired from active politics due to health concerns. When the Janata government collapsed. Gorkhi. A leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).party Other political affiliations Spouse(s) Children Alma mater Religion Bharatiya Jana Sangh (Before 1980) Bachelor Namita Neharika (Both Adopted) Victoria College (Now Laxmibai College). Kanpur Hinduism Atal Bihari Vajpayee (born 25 December 1924 in Gwalior) is an Indian statesman who was the 10th Prime Minister of India. English and Sanskrit. until 2009.

Mookerjee died in prison during this strike. he was deputed to work for the newly formed Bharatiya Jana Sangh. Vajpayee was arrested along with several other opposition leaders during the Internal Emergency imposed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of the Indian National Congress party. Vajpayee remained at the centre-stage as party President and Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament. Vajpayee was elected to the Lok Sabha. The BJP did not support Operation Bluestar and strongly protested against the violence towards Sikhs in Delhi that broke out in 1984 following the assassination of Indira Gandhi by two of her Sikh bodyguards. it also blamed Prime Minister Indira Gandhi for her divisive and corrupt politics that fostered such militancy at the expense of national unity and integrity. In 1951. the lower house of India's Parliament. He emerged as a strong critic of the Congress (I) government that followed the Janata government. . During this period. In 1957. From 1975 to 1977. Vajpayee had established himself as an experienced statesman and a respected political leader. The Janata Party was dissolved soon after Morarji Desai resigned as Prime Minister in 1979. the Janata Party. he became the Minister of External Affairs in Prime Minister Morarji Desai's cabinet. The Jana Sangh had devoted its political organisation to sustain the coalition and was left exhausted by the internecine political wars within the Janata Party. Vajpayee merged the Jana Sangh into the newly formed grand-alliance. He became the national president of the Jana Sangh in 1968 and. The BJP was left with only two parliamentary seats in the 1984 elections. Vajpayee was with Mookerjee when he went on a fast-unto-death in Kashmir to protest against perceived inferior treatment of non-Kashmiri Indian visitors to the state. when he and his elder brother Prem were arrested for 23 days during the Quit India movement. heeding the call of social reformer Jayaprakash Narayan for all the opposition parties to unite against the Congress. Balraj Madhok and Lal Krishna Advani. By the time the Janata government crumbled in 1979. that year Vajpayee became the first person to deliver a speech to the United Nations General Assembly in Hindi. he became the face of the Jana Sangh. particularly his long-time friends Lal Krishna Advani and Bhairon Singh Shekhawat. He soon became a follower and aide of party leader Syama Prasad Mookerjee. Vajpayee joined many of his Bharatiya Jana Sangh and Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh colleagues. While the BJP opposed the Sikh militancy that was rising in the state of Punjab. the mantle of the leadership of Jana Sangh fell on the shoulders of a young Vajpayee. As foreign minister.Early political career Vajpayee's first tryst with politics was in August 1942. In 1977. After the tragic death of Deendayal Upadhyaya. to found the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980. He became the BJP's first President. along with Nanaji Deshmukh. In 1954. where his oratorial skills so impressed Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru that he predicted that Vajpayee would someday become India's Prime Minister. a right-wing political party associated with the RSS that espoused the Hindu cause. led the Jana Sangh to national prominence. By virtue of his oratorial and organizational skills. Following Janata's victory in the 1977 general elections.

The BJP became the political voice of the Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir Movement. In the 1996 general elections. BJP President L. Second term: 1998–1999 After the fall of the two United Front governments between 1996 and 1998. Pakistan responded with its own nuclear tests making it the newest declared nation with nuclear weapons. The tests were held just a month after the government had been in power. and a good performance in the elections to the Karnataka assembly in December 1994. As prime minister of India Vajpayee served as the Prime Minister of India from 1996 to 2004 in three non-consecutive terms. and A. As the Opposition was unable to come up with the numbers to form the new government. The government lasted 13 months until mid-1999 when the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) under J. Britain and the European Union . Vajpayee was sworn in as the Prime Minister. Canada. The then president Shankar Dayal Sharma invited Vajpayee to form the government in accordance with the Westminster custom. Two weeks later. endorsed India's right to defensive nuclear power. and which sought to build a temple dedicated to Lord Rama at the site of the Babri mosque in Ayodhya.K. such as Russia and France. He resigned after 13 days. Lok Sabha. but the BJP failed to muster enough support from other parties to obtain a majority. propelled the BJP to greater political prominence. which was led by activists of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) and the RSS. a cohesive bloc of political parties joined the BJP to form the National Democratic Alliance (NDA). India conducted five underground nuclear tests in Pokhran desert in Rajasthan. when it became clear that he could not garner a majority. Victory in the assembly elections in Gujarat and Maharashtra in March 1995. Vajpayee remaining the Prime Minister until the elections were held.B. Jayalalitha withdrew its support to the government. the lower house of India's Parliament was dissolved and fresh elections were held. The government lost the ensuing vote of confidence motion in the Lok Sabha by a single vote. Lok Sabha. While some nations. The NDA proved its majority in the parliament. Vajpayee was sworn in as the 11th Prime Minister of India. the BJP emerged as the single largest party in the Lok Sabha. Nuclear tests In May 1998. others including the United States. During a BJP conference in Mumbai in November 1995. First term: May 1996 The BJP grew in strength in the early 1995s riding on pro nationalistic sentiments. The BJP won in the May 1996 parliamentary elections. This time. the lower house of India's Parliament was again dissolved and fresh elections were held. Advani declared that Vajpayee would become the Prime Minister of India. The 1998 general elections again put the BJP ahead of others. Japan.

Indian army units were swiftly rushed into Kashmir in response. but also included the Batalik and Akhnoor sectors and artillery exchanges at the Siachen Glacier. After heavy losses and a recalcitrant general in Musharraf. The incursion was centred around the town of Kargil. saw the Indian military fighting thousands of militants and soldiers amidst heavy artillery shelling and while facing extremely cold weather. gave a tremendous boost to the morale of the Indian public and bolstered national pride. expanded trade relations and mutual friendship and envisaged a goal of denuclearised South Asia. The victory in Kargil bolstered the image of Vajpayee and he was hailed across the country for his bold and strong leadership. Pakistan's Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was summoned to the US by Bill Clinton and warned against any such action. The Lahore summit In late 1998 and early 1999. Operation Vijay. the nuclear tests were popular domestically. Over 500 Indian soldiers were killed in the three-month long Kargil War. However. The militants were killed by the army or forced to withdraw in skirmishes which went beyond the announcement of withdrawal by Pakistan. Kargil War It was revealed that militants and non-uniformed Pakistani soldiers (many with official identifications and Pakistan Army's custom weaponry) had infiltrated into the Kashmir Valley and captured control of border hilltops. snow and treacherous terrain at the high altitude. Almost 70% of the territory was recaptured by India. in May 1999.imposed sanctions on information. The Vajpayee-led government was faced with two crises in mid 1999. and it is estimated around 600-4. With news of Pakistan planning to launch a nuclear attack in the face of a loss in the war with India. In spite of the intense international criticism and the steady decline in foreign investment and trade. The militants were not willing to accept orders from Sharif while the NLI soldiers withdrew. and the Vajpayee administration was reduced to a caretaker status pending fresh elections scheduled for October 1999. The resultant Lahore Declaration espoused a commitment to dialogue. Vajpayee began a push for a full-scale diplomatic peace process with Pakistan. and with both the United States and China refusing to condone the incursion or threaten India to stop its military operations. Jayalalitha. . India pushed back the Pakistani militants and Northern Light Infantry soldiers. The All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) had continually threatened to withdraw from the coalition and national leaders repeatedly flew down from Delhi to Chennai to pacify the AIADMK chief J. With the historic inauguration of the Delhi-Lahore bus service in February 1999. It also. resources and technology to India. Vajpayee initiated a new peace process aimed towards permanently resolving the Kashmir dispute and other conflicts with Pakistan.000 Pakistani militants and soldiers died as well. not only within the two nations but also in South Asia and the rest of the world. unmanned border posts and were spreading out fast. launched in June 1999. Nawaz Sharif asked the remaining militants to stop and withdraw to positions along the LoC. the AIADMK did pull the plug on the NDA. This eased the tension created by the 1998 nuclear tests.

foreign policy and economic reforms During his administration. Jaswant Singh. foreign policy. including encouraging the private sector and foreign investments. the Minister for External Affairs at the time. thereby securing a comfortable and stable majority. the government ultimately caved in. Domestically. President Clinton's visit to India was hailed as a significant milestone in the relations between the two countries. encouraging research and development and privatisation of some government owned corporations. The coalition government that was formed lasted its full term of 5 years – the only non-Congress government to do so. and the hard-line VHP to enact the Hindutva agenda. the President of the United States. the BJP-led NDA won 303 seats out of the 543 seats in the Lok Sabha. The statue is to be put up at a wax museum in Lonavala. BJP President Nitin Gadkari unveiled a wax statue of Atal Bihari Vajpayee in Mumbai. and one year after the Kargil invasion and the subsequent coup in Pakistan. it was read to reflect a major shift in the post-Cold War U. but the major achievement was a significant expansion in trade and economic ties. paid a state visit to India. Third term: 1999–2004 In the 1999 general elections. Since the visit came barely two years after the Pokhran tests. Indian Airlines hijack A national crisis emerged in December 1999. in the aftermath of the Kargil operations. designated as 'Kargil Vijay Diwas'. Atal Bihari Vajpayee took oath as Prime Minister of India for the third time. President discussed strategic issues.S. Bill Clinton. reducing governmental waste. The hijackers made several demands including the release of certain terrorists like Maulana Masood Azhar from prison. His was the first state visit to India by a US President in 22 years. it was impossible for the BJP to push items like building the Ram . Vajpayee's pet projects were the National Highway Development Project and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. On 13 October 1999. But owing to its dependence on coalition support. the BJP-led government was under constant pressure from its ideological mentor. Vajpayee introduced many domestic economic and infrastructural reforms. when Indian Airlines flight IC 814 from Kathmandu to New Delhi was hijacked by five terrorists and flown to Taliban-ruled Afghanistan.In 26 July 2012. flew with the terrorists to Afghanistan and exchanged them for the passengers. National highways development project.S. The Historic Vision Document on the future course of relations between the two countries was signed by Prime Minister Vajpayee and President Clinton during the visit. Under extreme pressure from opposition parties and public for the safe release of the hostages. In March 2000. the RSS. The Indian Prime Minister and the U.

armed men with fake IDs stormed the Parliament building in Delhi.Janmabhoomi Mandir in Ayodhya. Vajpayee again broke the ice in the Indo-Pak relations by inviting Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf to Delhi and Agra for a joint summit and peace talks.K. In March 2001.all increased foreign capital investment and set in motion an economic expansion. symbol of the Hindu nationalism movement) the official state education curriculum and apparatus. Vajpayee's administration earned the ire of many trade unions and government workers for its aggressive campaign to privatise government owned corporations. the summit failed to achieve a breakthrough as President Musharraf declined to leave aside the issue of Kashmir. 2001 attack on Parliament On 13 December 2001. The terrorists managed to kill several security guards. improvements in infrastructure. investments and corporate laws —. These couple of years of reform however were accompanied by infighting in the administration and confusion regarding the direction of government. which aimed at improving the quality of education in primary and secondary schools. extra funding and support for the information technology sector and high-tech industries. These developments as well as an ambiguous response of the economy to the reforms. The BJP was however accused of saffronising (saffron being the color of the flag of the RSS. and the findings of an inquiry commission that the Government could have prevented the Kargil invasion. or enacting a uniform civil code applicable to adherents of all religions. free market reforms to reinvigorate India's economic transformation and expansion that were started by the former PM Narasimha Rao but stalled after 1996 due to unstable governments and the 1997 Asian financial crisis. senior army officers and NDA members accepting bribes from journalists posing as agents and businessmen. and he underwent a major knee-replacement surgery at the Breach Candy Hospital in Mumbai to relieve great pressure on his legs. Vajpayee's weakening health was also a subject of public interest. which included Musharraf visiting his birthplace in Delhi. Vajpayee chose to move forward. But after three days of much fanfare. The Defence Minister George Fernandes was forced to resign following the Barak Missile Deal Scandal. reduced the Vajpayee administration's popularity and undermined its future. but the building was . Increased competitiveness. deregulation of trade. another scandal involving the botched supplies of coffins for the soldiers killed in Kargil. The RSS also routinely criticised the government for free-market policies which introduced foreign goods and competition at the expense of 'swadeshi' industries and products. Home Minister L. the Tehelka group released incriminating videos of the BJP President Bangaru Laxman. But accepting him as the President of Pakistan. His second major attempt to move beyond the stalemate involved inviting the man who had planned the Kargil invasions. repealing Article 370 which gave a special status to the state of Kashmir. Also. Advani and Human Resource Development Minister Murli Manohar Joshi were indicted in the 1992 Babri Mosque demolition case for inciting a mob of activists. Vajpayee promoted probusiness. a group of masked. In 2001. the Vajpayee government launched the famous Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

In July 2003. He faced stiff opposition from other equally strong originations within Sangh Parivar such as the Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh and the Bharatiya Kisan Sangh. modernisation of public and industrial infrastructure. his government was able to tide over this crisis rather smoothly. exceeding 6–7%. Tens of thousands of VHP activists amassed and threatened to overrun the site and forcibly build the temple. who were later proven to be Pakistan nationals. he announced before the parliament his "absolute last" effort to achieve peace with Pakistan. Increasing foreign investment. and as many as 500. Good crop harvests and strong industrial expansion also helped the economy. a rising high-tech and IT industry and urban modernisation and expansion improved the nation's international image. and foreigners flocked out of both India and Pakistan. he continued with his aggressive economic reform policy. Indian intelligence reports pointed to a conspiracy rooted in Pakistan. Although the diplomatic process never truly set-off immediately. or a ceremony laying the foundation stone of the cherished temple at the disputed site. In August 2003. and the country's GDP growth accelerated at record levels. The Pakistani President and Pakistani politicians. both nations remained perilously close to a terrible war.000 servicemen amassed along the international boundary bordering Punjab. civil and religious leaders hailed this initiative as did the leaders of America. and met with various Chinese leaders. who were positive and enthusiastic about the major economic expansion and future of the country. He recognised Tibet as a part of China. However. major irrigation and housing schemes and so on. Europe and much of the world. the creation of jobs. visited China. Prime Minister Vajpayee. which was . but an outright breakdown of law and order owing to the defiance of the government by a religious organisation hung over the nation. The government reformed the tax system. At the 10th anniversary of the destruction of the Babri mosque. visits were exchanged by high-level officials and the military stand-off ended. The political energies of the BJP shifted to the rising urban middleclass and young people. But to the relief of Vajpayee. Rajasthan. this fresh escalation instantly enraged the nation. Gujarat and Kashmir. fearing a possible war and nuclear exchange. Remainder of term In late 2002 and 2003 the government pushed economic reforms. Coming just three months after the September 11 attacks upon the United States. Its repeal was advocated by human rights organisations. Human rights groups have condemned the act which gives wide authority to the government to crack down and hold anybody. The Vajpayee administration also passed the Prevention of Terrorist Act against vigorous opposition of non-NDA parties. Pakistan responded with the same. Although the Government of Pakistan officially condemned the attack. For as long as two years. Vicious terrorist attacks and an aggressive anti-terrorist campaign froze day-to-day life in Kashmir. A grave threat of not only communal violence. Prime Minister Vajpayee ordered a mobilisation of India's military forces. But the biggest political disaster hit his government between December 2001 and March 2002: the VHP held the Government hostage in a major standoff in Ayodhya over the Ram Mandir. increased the pace of reforms and pro-business initiatives.sealed off swiftly and security forces cornered and killed the men. the VHP wanted to perform a shila daan.

improved greatly. he decided not to take up the position of the Leader of the Opposition and passed on the leadership mantle to Lal Krishna Advani. The Indian National Congress.K. although the question was never directly raised or contested in any way. along with many minor parties. L. As the BJP prepared for general elections in 2004. with several prominent cabinet ministers being defeated. Advani. However. Vajpayee announced his retirement from active politics. Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh. in the following years. The 13th Lok Sabha had been dissolved before the completion of its term to capitalise on the perceived 'feel-good factor' and BJP's recent successes in the Assembly elections in Rajasthan. In a famous statement at the BJP's silver Jubilee .welcomed by the Chinese leadership. Once Vajpayee said "Advani would lead the BJP in the elections. declaring that he would not contest in the next general election. Vajpayee was still the choice of the BJP and of the wider NDA. In November–December 2003. 2004 general election The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) was widely expected to retain power after the 2004 general election. Later career In December 2005." prompting Advani to clarify that he would merely lead the election campaign. the coalition sidestepped controversial and ideological issues in favour of economic and security issues during the campaign and subsequently lost almost half its seats. A major public relations campaign was launched to reach out to Muslims and stop the 2002 communal riots controversy from haunting the party's future. The BJP hoped to capitalise on the slogan "India Shining" and released many ads touting the economic growth of the nation. Vajpayee's age. several embarrassing statements were made. fought mainly on development issues. became the single largest party and. recognised Sikkim. Sino-Indian Relations. Vajpayee was criticised within his party and by the Sangh Parivar for sacrificing core issues like Hindutva and the Ram Temple to please the Muslim voters (the BJP lost the Muslim vote by a heavy margin). he retained his post as Chairman of the NDA. as a part of India. the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won three major state elections. not the party. led by Sonia Gandhi. But the attention of the media and of millions now moved from Vajpayee to his more possible successor. without ideological campaigns. and although no perceivable conflict has been known to arise between the longtime friends and political colleagues. With the conditional support of the leftist parties from the outside. Vajpayee resigned as Prime Minister and promised co-operation to the new government. failing health and diminished physical and mental vigour were obvious factors in such speculation. for the Prime Minister's job. who in the following year. However. And then the BJP President Venkaiah Naidu used mythological references to depict Vajpayee as Vikas Purush (Man of Progress) and Advani as Loh Purush(Iron Man). the UPA formed a government under Dr Manmohan Singh. formed the United Progressive Alliance. Accepting moral responsibility for the defeat. Advani assumed greater responsibilities in the party.

1994 and 1996. from Kanpur University . Sri Lanka in 1975. not an exordium to defeat. Japan in 1974. Manmohan Singh during his speech in the Rajya Sabha. He was also part of the Parliamentary Delegations to Australia in 1967. Oman and Kuwait. Vajpayee has expressed very clear thoughts about his poetry: "My poetry is a declaration of war. He was put on ventilator support as his condition worsened but he eventually recuperated and was later discharged. He was part of the official Indian Delegation to Commonwealth Parliamentary Association meetings held in Canada in 1966 and 1994. He led the Indian Delegation to the Human Rights Commission Meeting at Geneva in 1993 and the Delegation of Standing Committees of External Affairs to Gulf countries i. D. Padma Vibhushan 1993." Vajpayee was referred to as the Bhishma Pitamah of Indian Politics by Prime Minister Dr. Travel and bureaucratic interests Vajpayee has visited several countries. He was in the Indian delegation to the Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference. having been part of the Indian Delegations in 1988. the European Parliament in 1983. he wrote a letter urging voters to back the BJP. 1992. Bahrain. and the Isle of Man in 1984. Vajpayee was hospitalised at AIIMS for chest infection and fever on 6 February 2009. and interests 'Baapji' as called by his close friends and relatives has two adopted daughters Namita and Neharika. The tall apolitical image of Vajpayee was said to be the main reason behind Lalji's success in Lucknow even though BJP's performance was poor elsewhere in Uttar Pradesh. It is not the dispirited voice of dejection but the stirring shout of victory. Lit. and Switzerland in 1984. Personal life. His protege Lalji Tandon was able to retain the Lucknow seat even though the NDA suffered electoral reverses all over the country. Lal Krishna Advani and Pramod Mahajan will be the Ram-Laxman (the two godly brothers much revered and worshipped by Hindus) of the BJP. Zambia in 1980. Unable to participate in the campaign for the 2009 general election due to his poor health. Vajpayee announced that "Henceforth. 1993. Vajpayee has remained a bachelor though his life and little is known of his love life. 1990. He loves nature and one of his favourite retreats is Manali in Himachal Pradesh. 1991. Awards • • 1992. He was a regular at the UN General Assembly. and Canada in 1987.e. but the fighting warrior's will to win.rally at Mumbai's historic Shivaji Park. He is fond of Indian music and dance. It is not the defeated soldier's drumbeat of despair. the first being in 1965 as a member of the Parliamentary Goodwill Mission to East Africa.

Rajendra Prasada Smaraka vyakhyanamala). vyaktitva aura kavitaem (Hindi Edition). (1997). Sreshtha kabita. Lokmanya Tilak Award 1994. Decisive days. vision & verses of Vajpayee: India's man of destiny. (1999). Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant Award Works Social and political • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • National integration. chune hue bhashana.B. Back to square one. Vicara-bindu (Hindi Edition). Meri ikyavana kavitaem (Hindi Edition). (2001). Sekyularavada: Bharatiya parikalpana (Da. (1983). (1981). Suvasita pushpa: Atala Bihari Vajapeyi ke sreshtatama bhashana. Best Parliamentarian Award 1994. Poetry • • • • • • • Twenty-One Poems. (1988). (2003). Sakti se santi. (2000). When will atrocities on Harijans stop?: A. (1977). Kucha lekha. New Dimensions of India`s Foreign Policy. Meri ikyavana kavitaem. (1995). Pradhanamantri Atala Bihari Vajapeyi. (1996). India's foreign policy: New dimensions. (2000). naya avasara (Hindi Edition). (1995). (1998). (2002). (1979).• • • 1994. (1961). Vajpayee's speech in Rajya Sabha. (1997). (1999). Rajaniti ki rapatili rahem. (2003). India's Perspectives on ASEAN and the Asia-Pacific Region. (1996). Autobiography • • • • • • Atal Bihari Vaj mem tina dasaka. Dynamics of an open society. Values. (1977). (1992). Heal the wounds: Vajpayee's appeal on Assam tragedy to the parliament. (1999). Bindu-bindu vicara. Nayi chunauti. Nayi Disha – an album with Jagjit Singh (1999) Samvedna – an album with Jagjit Singh (2002) . (1997). Na dainyam na palayanam (Hindi Edition). Assam problem: Repression no solution. (1998). (1997). Kya khoya kya paya: Atala Vihari Vajapeyi. kucha bhashana.

Atal Behari Vajpayee: The arch of India. R Trivedi. (1986). India Under Atal Behari Vajpayee: The BJP Era. 1980–1986. Atal Bihari Vajpayee. M. Dr.P.org/wiki/Atal_Bihari_Vajpayee . (1998). Thakur. Sujata K. Presidential address. My Country My Life. Kamal.(1999). Atal Bihari Vajpayee. A Study of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and the BJP. (2004). Goyal Values. Bhagalpur (Bihar). President's addresses. (2008). Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee: Commitment to power. 5 6 & 7 May 1972. Sujata K.wikipedia. Dass. Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Raghavan. Advani. selected speeches. G. Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Pokhran Further reading • • • • • • • • • • • • • L. Chandrika Prasad Sharma. (2000).Speeches • • • • • Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. (1972). ASIN: B0006FFBV2. Yogesh Atal. Sita Ram Sharma. Sheila Vazirani. Das. Presidential address: Bharatiya Pratinidhi Sabha session. (2000). Darshan Singh. (1996). Mandate for political transition: Reemergence of Vaypayee. ASIN: B0006FD11E. ISBN 978-81-7835-277-0. ASIN: B0006FEIHA. (2001). (2000).K. Vision & Verses of Vajpayee: India's Man of Destiny 2001 Srijan Prakashan R-6/233 Rajnagar Ghaziabad 201002. P.P. profile & personal views (Know thy leaders).S. (1998). C.N. Poet politician Atal Bihari Vajpayee: A biography. (1967). Bhagwat S. Atal Bihari Vajpayee: The man India needs: the most appropriate leader for the twentyfirst century. (2004). (2000). Source: http://en. (2003). New Era in the Indian Polity. Bateshwar to Prime Minister House – An Interesting Description of Different Aspects of Atalji’s.

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