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# 23.04.

2010

HYDRAULICS
Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng.

A.SUNA ERSES
Assist.Prof.Dr.
erses@sakarya.edu.tr

Homework project :hydraulicssakarya@gmail com project :hydraulicssakarya@gmail.com (Tel: 0 264 295 5465) Sakarya University, Engineering Faculty, Environmental Engineering Department, Esentepe Campus, 54187 SAKARYA

## Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng.

Understand how flow in open channels differs from flow in pipes Learn the different flow regimes in open channels and Learn their characteristics

AIM

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SPECIFIC ENERGY

## Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng.

z is the elevation head, P/ g y is the gage pressure head V2/2g is the velocity or dynamic head.

SPECIFIC ENERGY

SPECIFIC ENERGY

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## Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng.

Q=

for small channels with rough surfaces for large channels with smooth surfaces

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## Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng.

Q=

Mean values of the Manning coefficient n for water flow in open channels*

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## Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng.

EXAMPLE 1. Water is flowing in a weedy excavated earth channel of g y trapezoidal cross section with a bottom width of 0.8 m, trapezoid angle of 60, and a bottom slope angle of 0.3. If the flow depth is measured to be 0.52 m, determine the flow rate of water through the channel. What would your answer be if the bottom angle were 1?

## Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng.

EXAMPLE 2. Water is to be transported in an unfinished-concrete rectangular channel with a bottom width of 1.22 m at a rate of 1.44 m3/s. The terrain is such that the channel bottom drops 2 m per p p 1000 m length. Determine the minimum height of the channel under uniform-flow conditions. What would your answer be if the bottom drop is just 1 m per 1000 m length?

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## Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng. Environmental En Dep.-Hydraulics ng.

EXAMPLE 3. Water flows in a channel whose bottom slope is 0.003 and whose cross section is shown in the figure. The dimensions and the Manning coefficients for the surfaces of different subsections are also given on the figure. Determine the flow rate through the channel and the effective Manning coefficient for the channel.

http://landscape.ced.berkeley.edu/~kondolf/courses/LA222/lecture%2010open%20channel%20flow.pdf