November 2012

International Events

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bronze bust of Noor Inayat Khan, hailed as a heroine of the World War II for her role in a dangerous secret mission against the Nazis,

Memorial Trust raised £60,000 from public for the memorial.The bust, sculpted by London-based artist Karen Newman, will be situated in the northeast corner of Gordon Square, near the house where Noor lived. She spent her off-days

reading on a bench in the square. Noor Inayat Khan was a secret agent in the Second World War. She was the first to woman be radio

into occupied France and did crucial work was for the

Allies.She

eventually

betrayed, captured and killed

in the Dachau Concentration Camp. Her last word was Liberte . She was posthumously awarded the George Cross by Britain and France awarded

Khan and an American mother, Ora Ray Baker, Noor was a descendant of Tipu Sultan, the eighteenth century ruler of Mysore. The family lived in

occupation, Noor returned to London to volunteer for the war effort. She joined the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) and was eventually recruited

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by the Special Operations Executive (SOE).

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London and moved to Paris when Noor was six.In 1940 as Paris fell to

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her the Croix de Guerre.Born in Moscow to an Indian father, Hazrat Inayat

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will be unveiled in London by Princess Anne. The Noor Inayat Khan

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he

Pakistan

cabinet ratified

the India-pakistan

visa regime

agreement that was inked between the then Indian External Affairs

ratification was given the go-ahead cabinet meeting on 1

at the pakistan’s federal November by in

Islamabad Minister

presided Raja

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George Entwistle on General 10

Ashraf.Pakistan India had signed new liberalised

regime giving more concessions simplifying and the

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Minister, S.M.Krishna and Pakistani Interior Minister Rehman Malik. The

grant visa to promote people-to-

people contacts and

enhance trade and business activities between the two neighbouring countries. According to the new visa regime, more concessions have been given to the businessmen from both the countries granting them multiple entry one year visa with the exemption from the Police Report and with increasing the number of cities. The development is part of Pakistan and

decades-old strict travel restrictions on cross-border movement between the people of two countries, signed in September during the visit of the then

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Indian External Affairs Minister S M Krishna to Pakistan.

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India’s historic agreement to change visa regimes seeking to do away with

Director

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2012 resigned from the job after the broadcaster put out a program

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Prime Pervez and the visa to

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which was denounced by the corporation's chairman as shoddy journalism as a British politician was depicted in child sex abuse.George Entwistle in a

decided

that

the

thing to do is to step director general after weeks in the job. Entwistle was facing criticism since a rival

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carried charges in October 2012 that a former BBC star, the late Jimmy Savile, was one of Britain's most prolific sex offenders and had sexually abused hundreds of children over four decades.Thereafter the BBC's

politician sexually abused children. The programme did not identify the politician in the report, but he was widely named on the Internet as former Tory party treasurer Alistair McAlpine.Tim Davie, who is currently the BBC's director of audio and music, is going to take over as acting director general.

Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) for a three year term starting from January 2013. Nepal along with seventeen other countries was elected as board members. Nepal was elected with 131 votes out of the total 194 in the UN

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General

epal was elected on 8 November 2012 as a board member of the United Nations

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Assembly.The

ESOSOC is one of the principal organs of the UN which coordinates the economic, social and related

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fifty-four

flagship news program Newsnight aired a mistaken allegation that an ex-

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work of the UN and its specialized agencies and institutions.

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people in two provinces as it causes heavy

physical damages.One hundred people were missing, and hundreds were

injured.

President Otto Perez Molina said that 40

people died in the province of San Marcos and eight more were killed in

neighbouring province of Quetzaltenango.

Beijing on

November. During congress, departing

Jintao, will give up his role as party chief to his anointed successor – the vice-president, Xi Jinping.

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The congress is held every 5 years.During the congress, seven out of the country's nine top leaders will step down, including president Hu Jintao and prime minister Wen Jiabao. All but two of the Politburo standing committee,

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president,

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he 18th Communist party congress is being held at the Great Hall of the People in

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the

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7.4-magnitude

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November,

Guatemala, killing at least 48

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the country's top political body, will step down. About two-thirds of positions in the other key leadership organs and the Central Committee will

million-pound assistance to the country for the remaining three years, citing the booming Asian giant's rising stature on the world stage. "India is successfully developing and our own bilateral up with 21st century recognise world," Justine India's

relationship has to keep India. It's time to

changing place in the Development said, Secretary the

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among the

announcing

all aid to India in 2015. British aid to India was cut last year but still it committed the UK to spending 280 million pounds annually until 2015.

new would be approved.

India's low-cost tablet Aakash, Suneet Singh

Tuli and Massachusettes Institute of Technology professor Anant Agarwal have been named on 10

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ndian-origin CEO of Datawind, the maker of

november,

by Forbes

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Greening said programmes already under way would continue but nothing

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"classroom revolutionaries" who are using innovative technologies to reinvent education for students and teachers globally.

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ash-strapped Britain on 9 November, announced it will stop all its aid to India in 2015 and make further cuts in the annual 280

UK's decision to end

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IA director David Petraeus resigned as head of the leading US spy agency on 9 November, saying he had engaged in an extramarital

extremely poor judgment.'Obama, who was re-elected to a second term said in a statement he

resignation, praising him for his work at the Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) and for leading US troops in Iraq and the is

Afghanistan.The woman former

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CIA director

Paula Broadwell, according to a person familiar with the matter. She is an

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arack Obama on 7 Nov has won a historic election to get a second term as US President, overcoming a stiff challenge from Republican

over the future. A votary of strong ties with India, 51-year-old Obama, the first black American to occupy the White House, scored what turned out to be a comfortable victory over Romney after a bitter and costly campaign running over months with his rivals attacking him on issues of

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Disproving predictions of a narrow

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victory in a very tight race, the incumbent won the election in crucial battleground states after a neck-and-

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Mitt Romney defying concerns over his handling of economy and anxiety

and

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recession.

author who wrote a biography of Petraeus titled 'All In.'

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with whom affair

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neck race in the initial stages, getting 303 electoral votes against 206 of

Romney in a college of 535 votes. Notwithstanding doubts over his ability to

Depression of 1930s, voters appeared to have chosen status quo leaving Democrats with control of the Senate and Republicans the House of Representatives. What tilted the race in Obama's favour was the massive swing he got from the victory in California, which has the largest number of 55 electoral votes, and Ohio with 18. Obama also won in the states of Colorado, Iowa, Nevada, New Hampshire, Wisconsin and Michigan. Obama, born to a white American mother and Kenya-born Harvard-educated economist father on August 4,1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes only the second Democrat after Bill Clinton to secure two White House

10 will be observed as ‘Malala Day’ the world over, honouring her

struggle for the cause of girls’ education. He said that this would “build on the momentum of UN’s Education First initiative”. The Day is being observed across the globe to show solidarity with the brave daughter of Pakistan who stood up for education of girls and refused to bow down despite the threats of militants. While in Pakistan, UN’s Special Envoy on Education and former UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown met President Asif Ali Zardari and asked to lead governmental changes in policy to ensure girls’ education in Pakistan.

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U

N Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has announced that November

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terms since the World War-II.

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revive economy from the effects of the crisis, the worst after the Great

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of the Small Development Projects in Afghanistan. The outlay for

the third Phase of the Small Developmental Projects is US$ 100 Million (approximately Rs.500 crore). The Small Development Projects directly impact local communities and development, environmental empower of provide and

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he Indian Union Cabinet on 8 November, approved the third phase

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support

Afghanistan

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women

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Small

Development

implemented in two phases: the first in July 2006 comprising 50 projects worth US$ 11,216,179; and the second in June 2008 comprising 51

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projects worth US$ 8,579,537. Most of the projects in the two phases have been completed.The projects will be implemented over a period of four years through local Afghan Government Bodies, Community Organizations,

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34 provinces of Afghanistan. The Small Development Projects were earlier

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social-economic livelihood, help conserve cultural heritage, etc.,Local communities directly benefit from the Projects. This will cover all

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Non-Governmental Organizations, Charitable Trusts and Education and

Vocational Institutions. The expenditure on the projects will be met from

External Affairs.

November 2012. France has become the first major nation to recognise newly formed Syrian National Coalition of opposition and

the

Revolutionaries as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people. Arab League has granted Observer

nation Gulf Co-operation Council has already recognized it. Britain and European Union have

stopped short of recognizing the bloc. Britain stated that it wants

Syria. Meanwhile, Syrian opposition activist groups reported that 31 people were killed across Syria as airstrikes continued along the country's northeastern border with Turkey.

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government

asked a court in New to slap a maximum million on

India-born fallen Wall Street

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to see more evidence that the opposition grouping has strong support inside

Gupta him

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status to the bloc while the six

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rance recognized the new Syrian Opposition coalition on 13

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the Non-Plan head of 'Aid to Afghanistan’ budget of the Ministry of

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serving as director of any publicly-traded firm for his “terrible breach of trust” by indulging in insider trading.Weeks after the former Goldman Sachs

District Judge Jed Rakoff, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) said he should be ordered to pay a maximum civil penalty of $15 million, which would be thrice the $5million in gains and losses avoided as a result of his “illegal conduct.”Gupta (63), who is set to begin his prison term in January, has filed an appeal against his conviction in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.

of Parliamenton 16 November, paving the way for elections. Elections

were set for December 16. If Mr.Noda’s centre-left party loses, the

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economically sputtering country will get its Prime Minister in as many Liberal

likely pre-empts moves by more conservative challengers, including former Tokyo Mayor Shintaro Ishihara, to build up electoral support.Campaigning is set to begin Dec. 4, but leaders were already switching into campaign

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ine weeks ahead of elections, Israel has a wave of air

strikes in Gaza — a move

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Democratic Party, which led Japan for

most of the post—World War II era, is in the

position to take over. The timing of the election

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apan’s Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda dissolved the Lower House

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Director was handed down a two-year jail term and fined $5 million by U.S.

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that could consolidate domestic opinion behind Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu but also risk worsening ties with Egypt and a wider conflict in

a top Hamas commander, with more strikes on 13 November, after the Gaza-based group counterattacked with rockets. The Israelis claim their bombardment has eliminated Hamas’ long-range rockets in sizeable numbers. Hamas has already announced that the Israeli attack amounted to a declaration of war. Yoav Mordechai, the Israeli military spokesman has asserted that the operation, named Pillar of Defence“would continue and grow”.

member Politburo standing committee. The 59 years old, Xi Jinping is the son of the former politburo and vice premier. Xi’s selection as the new leader, the Communist Party of China has marked the end of Hu Jintao’s

the President till March 2013, the month when the Chinese Parliament would meet. Li Keqiang, the second-ranked member of the Politburo standing committee would take over as Premier in March 2013 after Wen Jiabao will step down from his

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ten year term as the General Secretary of the Party, but he will continue as

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he Communist Party of China (CPC) on 15 November 2012 declared Xi Jinping as the new General Secretary of the Party’s seven-

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China. This step of reducing the members in the elite circle was done to

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seven by the Communist Party of

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position. The size of the inner circle of elites has been reduced from nine to

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the region. Israel has followed up the assassination of Ahmed al-Jabari,

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ensure efficiency in policy and decision making by the top body of the nation. The other five members of the elite circle are Zhang Dejiang as the

Secretary, Liu Yunshan as a senior propaganda official, Wang Qishan as the Vice Premier in charge of economic affairs and Zhang Gaoli as the Party Secretary in Tianjin.The once in a five year meet of the party’s National Congress concluded at the Great Hall of the People on 14th November 2012. A total of 2300 delegates casted there secret ballots to choose the members of the 18th Central Committee, the 376 member policy making body.

Northern Ireland for their annual summit in June 2013, British Minister David Cameron said. Lough the main venue scheduled this will be

Prime

Erne golf resort will be for the G8 summit, for June. "I think a brilliant

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incredibly educated and trained workforce ready to work for international business," Cameron said. Britain last received the leaders of the US,

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Canada, Russia, Germany, Italy, France and Japan in 2005 in Gleneagles, Scotland.

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place

Chongqing Party Secretary, Yu Zhengsheng as the Shanghai Party

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blocked women

a to

move serve

to as

permit

more years of contentious debate. Following opponents a day-long mustered debate enough

support to deny the necessary two-thirds majority among lay

members of the General Synod. The defeat was a setback for Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams, who retires at the end of December, and his successor, Bishop Justin Welby. Passage of legislation to allow women to serve as bishops must be approved by two-thirds majorities in the synod's three houses: bishops, priests and laity. The vote was 132 in favor and 74

Zealand and the United States already have women serving as bishops. Southern Africa joined that group on Sunday with the consecration of Ellinah Wamukoya as the Anglican bishop of Swaziland.

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rebel group named M 23, believed to be backed by Rwanda seized the strategic, provincial capital of Goma in eastern Congo on 20

November. It is the home to more than 1 million people as well as an international airport in a development that threatens to spark a new, regional war. Explosions and machine-gun fire rocked the lakeside city

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as the M23 rebels pushed forward on two fronts: toward the city center and along the road that leads to Bukavu, another provincial capital which lies to

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against. Sister churches of the Anglican Communion in Australia, New

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he Church of England's governing body on 21 November narrowly

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the south. Thousands of residents fled across the border to Rwanda, the

much-smaller nation to the east which

recruits to the M23 rebels. The senior commanders of the rebel group, who the United Nations

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has accused to recommend

crimes including recruiting child soldiers, summary executions and rape, paraded around the town in all-terrain vehicles, waving to the thousands of people who left their barricaded houses to see them. The United Nations peacekeepers, known by their acronym MONUSCO, were not helping the government

rebels.On 21 november, the Security Council will review the mandate of the U.N. peacekeeping force in Congo. A resolution adopted by the Security Council asks the U.N. secretary-general possible

redeployment, and possible "additional force multipliers."The resolution approved unanimously by the council imposes targeted sanctions, including a travel ban and assets freeze on the M23 rebel group leadership. But it did

and Uganda. The council demanded that the M23 rebels withdraw from Goma, disarm and disband, and insisted on the restoration of the crumbing

resolution also calls for an immediate end to external support to the rebels and asks the U.N. secretary-general to report on the allegations of foreign

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support while expressing its readiness to act appropriately.

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Congolese government authority in the country's turbulent East. The

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not name two countries accused by Congo of supporting the rebels: Rwanda

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forces during this battle, because they do not have a mandate to engage the

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ierra Leone's incumbent president, Ernest Bai Koroma easily won re-election and was sworn in, by the

58.7 percent of the vote. His closest rival, opposition leader and retired Brig Gen Julius Maada Bio, came in second with 37.4 percent, according to results, by the National Electoral

Commission chairwoman Christiana Thorpe. The 59-year-old president was first elected in 2007.

Assembly draft resolution which called for abolishing the death

penalty, saying every nation had the "sovereign right" to determine its own legal system. The nonresolution moratorium on with a view to death penalty.It

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ndia was among the 39 countries that voted against a UN General

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binding for a executions abolishing the was adopted the Assembly's deals

country's chief justice. Ernest Bai Koroma won

on 19 November, General Third

Committee,

with social and humanitarian issues, after 110 nations voted in favour of the resolution while 36 abstained. The draft resolution expresses its "deep concern about the continued application of the death penalty and calls on states to establish a moratorium on executions, with a view to abolishing

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the practice". It calls on nations to progressively restrict the death penalty's use and not impose capital punishment for offences committed by persons under age 18 or pregnant women. Speaking in explanation of the vote, India

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said each state had the sovereign right to determine its own legal system.Among the nations voting against the resolution were Bangladesh,

wrapped

up

with

the adopting

of

Declaration of the 7th East Asia Summit on

Regional Responses to Malaria Control and Addressing Resistance to Antimalarial

Development Initiative.

The summit also made progress in economic integration, announcing the launch of negotiations for the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Ten countries of the Association of Southeast Asian

Australia, and India will participate in the RCEP.Led by ASEAN, the RCEP is expected to create the world’s largest economic bloc, with a GDP of USD 19 trillion and population of 3.4 billion.

Separately, Korea’s Trade Minister Park Tae-ho, China’s Minister of Commerce Chen Deming, and Japan’s Minister of Economy Yukio Edano held a trade ministers’ meeting. Korea, China, and Japan officially declared the opening of negotiations for a free trade agreement (FTA) among the three countries on the same day. President Lee Myung-bak said that North Korea’s nuclear issue was a priority assignment to resolve.

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However, the human rights and freedom of over 20 million of North Korean citizens might be more urgent and important issues.He urged North Korea

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Nations (ASEAN) and six more including Korea, China, Japan, New Zealand,

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Medicines and the Phnom Penh Declaration of the East Asia Summit

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he 7th East Asia Summit (EAS) was held at the Peace Palace in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The summit

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China, Korea, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Kuwait, Libya, Pakistan and the US.

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to comply with international treaties and work with the international

community to improve human rights in North Korea. On the same day at

sovereignty dispute over the South China Sea to make progress with a code of conduct (COC) supporting the argument of ASEAN.

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1st ASEAN Summit has concluded with leaders approving the Human Rights Declaration, the first ever important political

document on human rights cooperation in the region. At the summit on 19 November, in Phnom Penh, they also adopted an action plan to

“ASEAN

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held

implement the Bali Declaration on the Community in a Global

Community of Nations” and officially

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leaders start of

launch the ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation. Earlier, ASEAN a closed meeting to

ASEAN leaders agreed on the need to further expand cooperation with its partners while bringing to full play its key role in promoting regional cooperation frameworks and progress, such as ASEAN + 1, ASEAN + 3, the East Asia Summit (EAS), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus (ADMM+). On this occasion, ASEAN leaders officially launched the negotiations on the Regional

Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). They affirmed continued support for the Myanmar governments’ national reconciliation and the

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peaceful and non-nuclear Korean peninsula. On the East Sea issue, the leaders affirmed the importance of peace, stability and maritime security. They also laid stress on the peaceful resolution of disputes, and the

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discuss the bloc’s key issues. Regarding the region’s external relations,

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the EAS, President Obama appealed to the countries directly involved in a

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observance of international law and the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of

the Sea, including the full implementation of the Declaration on the

the East Sea and the early formation of the Code of Conducts of Parties in the East Sea.

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he 10th ASEAN-India Summit that was held at Peace Palace, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

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concluded on 19 November was Prime

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Indian Prime Minister

Minister of the Kingdom of Samdech Akka

Moha Sena Padei Techo HUN Sen and attended by the leaders of the ten Member states of ASEAN and the summit the

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Manmohan

Singh.

discussions were held on identifying the future course of action on the ASEAN-India relations. Success was achieved in deciding the convening of theASEAN-India Commemorative Summit scheduled to be held on 20 December to 21 December 2012 at New Delhi, India, the summit will be held to commemorate the 20th Anniversary of the ASEAN-India. During the 10th Anniversary of the ASEAN-India summit, 20th Anniversary of ASEAN-India Dialogue Relations was also observed at the same venue in

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Phnom Penh. The ASEAN-India Summit for the first time was observed in the year 2002 at Phnom Penh. In the sidelines of this summit- The meeting between Heads of Space Agencies, Ministerial level meetings in tourism,

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Conducts of Parties (DOC) in the East Sea, the ASEAN Six-point Principle on

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environment, agriculture, new and renewable energy were also held. It is also decided that, the sending of the Sail Training Ship “Sudarshini” on an

which discussions were held included 2nd ASEAN-India Business Fair and Business Conclave, and the ASEAN-India Car Rally, these would be held during the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit.Decisions were also made on implementing the Plan of Action and the ASEAN-India Partnership for Progress, Peace and shared Prosperity (2010-2015). The trade between the ASEAN and India grew by 43 percent in the year 2011 that amounted to 74.9 billion US dollar that also surpassed the bilateral trade target of 70 billion US dollar. Target for achieving the 100 billion US dollar mark by 2015 for ASEAN-India trade was also identified and set at

working ahead to settle down thing and conclude the ASEAN-India Trade in Services and Investment Agreements before the ASEAN-India

Commemorative Summit in December in India. Before this the Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh in April 2012 welcomed the adoption of the Declaration on Drug- Free ASEAN 2015 by the ASEAN Leaders at the 20th ASEAN Summit in Phnom Penh. India made a commitment of

with the wider East Asia Region for establishment of the linkage between the ASEAN and South Asia.

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supporting the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC) and connectivity

announcement

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also cleared

the summit. Foreign Ministers of all the member nations and India would be

highway that is backed by the U.S., which would be operational by

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2016 and would act as the Gateway for North East India to South-East Asia. Both the parties, ASEAN and India looked forward for better connectivity of the region via highways and made decisions on early

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construction of new India-Myanmar-Laos-Viet Nam-Cambodia Highway. It also decided about the extension of the India-Myanmar-Thailand

Tenth ASEAN-India Summit agreed to work together to respond to the issues of climate change and its impact. They also agreed on

strengthening steps to respond to natural disasters that has always remained a issue of concern in the region, like fllod and earth quakes.

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he World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said in its annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin on 21

greenhouse

gases

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November

that the

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atmospheric volumes causes record volume for in of

climate change, hit a 2011. The carbon survey , said the

dioxide

gas, grew at a similar rate and reached 390.9 parts

to the previous decade per million (ppm), 40% It has increased by an past 10 years. Fossil source of about 375 that has been released

above preindustrial level. average of 2 ppm for the fuels are the

billion tonnes of carbon

into the atmosphere since the industrial era began in 1750, the WMO said. WMO secretary-general Michel Jarraud said the billions of tonnes of extra carbon dioxide would stay in the atmosphere for centuries, causing the planet to warm further. Levels of methane, another long-lived greenhouse

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gas, have risen steadily for the past three years after levelling off for about seven years. The reasons for that evening out are unclear. Growth in

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primary

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Trilateral Highway to Laos and Cambodia.Both the parties during the

greenhouse

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climate impact that is 298 times greater than carbon dioxide.

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volumes of a third gas, nitrous oxide, quickened in 2011. It has a long-term

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he volcano named Mount Tongariro of New Zealand on 21 November, eruptedwith a brief blast of dark ash that causes canceling

its second in less than four months, sent a dark ash plume about 3 kilometers (1.9 miles)

into the sky. Authorities issued a no-fly alert above the mountain located in the sparsely populated area of central

Island.Tongariro National Park has three active volcanoes, is a popular tourist destination and

was the backdrop for many scenes in "The Lord of the Rings" movies. Civil defense authorities were advising people in the region to remain indoors and shut their windows to avoid the ash, which

Fire" and has frequent geothermal and seismic activity.

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merican Journalist Katherine Boo wins National Book Award for her book "Behind The Beautiful Forevers". This news is important because the book is based on the lives of people in a Mumbai slum (same strategy followed by Oscar winning director Danny Boyl. Boo has won this year's National Book Award for Non-Fiction in the United States for the above mentioned book. "Behind The Beautiful Forevers", written by American journalist Katherine Boo, is an account of Annawadi, a makeshift

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could be a health hazard.New Zealand lies on the Pacific Ocean's "Ring of

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flights but causing no significant damage. The eruption of Mount Tongariro,

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cientists named a new species of colourful, freshwater fish after President of US, Barack Obama. The reason for this is, due to his ‘global vision of environmental protection and conservation’. Actually the Scientists discovered five new species of freshwater fish called darters in river drainages in eastern North America. The main one named after US President Barak Obama and the remaining species named after Teddy Roosevelt, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton (Presicents) and Al Gore (vice president )

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oaquim Barbosa has been sworn-in as Brazil's Supreme Court's first non-white Precident at a packed ceremony in the capital Brazilia. He became the only black ever to serve on the court when he joined it in 2003, even though more than half of the country's 192 million people identify themselves as having African descent. Barbosa, recently became a household figure in Brazil after overseeing one of the country's biggest corruption trials involving key members of the former President Lula Da Silva's government. Despite of having second largest non-white population in the warld after Nigeria, Brazil has only few of them achieve high office. In his inauguration speech Justice Barbosa acknowledged the flaws in the Brazilian legal system. Mr Barbosa is famous for his tough stand against political corruption.

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settlement near Mumbai airport. Boo's book beat Anne Applebaum's "Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe, 1945-1956", Robert A. Caro's "The Passage of Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Volume 4" , Domingo Martinez's "The Boy Kings of Texas" and Anthony Shadid's "House of Stone: A Memoir of Home, Family, and a Lost Middle East". The National Book Award for Fiction was given to novelist Louise Erdrich's "The Round House".

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What are these Darters ?

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That’s all for now friend. We’ll update the remaining sections of October month’s Current affairs soon. Keep visiting our Current Affairs Section for daily Updates………………. Good Day

We’ve got a New Name for our Blog
Dear Friends, thank you so much for your great support for our blog

www.Guide4BankExams.blogspot.in
Now unfortunately we’ve got some technical problems with this name. In simple words, one of our jealous opponents stole this name so that we’re unable to use this further. We left no stone unturned to get back the name because all the users of our blog get used to this name. But due to some defects in cyber laws, we’re unable to get this name back  So, after 10 days of thinking and getting really great openions from our readers, we came out with a new name

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Sounds heavy? ;) No probs… We’ll try to live upto your expectations. The content of the blog will be same, al we’ve done is just filled the old medicine in a new attractive bottle (we think so). So now we humbly requesting all our readers to keep this new name in mind while searching / refering to our blog…. Good Day

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- Author’s Note –

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Darters are the smallest members of the perch family, and are named after their ability to zip around, under and into rocks and sediment on the beds of clean, fast-moving waterways. These beautiful freshwater fish has distinctive bright orange and blue colours and is generally found in fastflowing rivers around America. Almost 200 darter species have so far been discovered, most of which live in the rivers and creeks of northern Alabama and eastern Tennessee. They are one of the most diverse groups of native North American fishes.

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