Chapter 12, Section 3 Textbook Notes

Sonny An

US History Honors December 14th, 2012

Chapter 12, Section 3 Textbook Notes Chapter 3: Cultural Conflicts  July 10th, 1925: John Scopes, on trial for teaching evolution. (Dayton, Tennessee). o o o  o 1925 to 1967: Butler Act: Tennessee state law against teaching “any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible.” Found guilty, fined $100, acquitted by Supreme Court on a technicality. Fundamentalism: A movement that affirmed the literal truth of the Bible. Aimee Semple McPherson: Used show business techniques for “Foursquare Gospel.”    the poor. o  Speakeasies: Clubs where liquor was sold in violation of the law, primarily for middle-class and up. Bootleggers: People who made, sold, or transported illegal liquor. o o    1924: Department of Commerce estimated $40 million of smuggled liquor. 1919 to 1929: Production of corn and sugar increased x6, most for illegal liquor. 1921, 1922: Raised $1.5 million for construction of Angelus Temple. 1923: Completed, “kept it filled every night.”

Evangelists: Fundamentalist preachers, in Southern California using radio.

Prohibition succeeded in eradicating the saloon, decreased alcohol consumption among

Fiorello La Guardia: New York Congress member, estimated 250,000 police + 200,000 agents to police the police to enforce Prohibition. Al Capone: Head of a gang of Chicago bootleggers, convicted of income tax evasion (lol). Ku Klux Klan: Fellowship of ill-educated men whose lives offered few other satisfactions. o o Stressed nationalism and racial purity, attacked alien minority groups, etc. David Stephenson: State head of Indiana Klan: “I am the law in Indiana.”  Later went to jail for 2nd-degree murder of a woman he kidnapped and brutally abused.

1921: Quota system for immigration, could not exceed 3% of the number of people from that country. o Favored northern and western Europeans (greater in number).

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1924: National Origins Act: Reduced down to 2%, excluded Asians altogether. 1928: Al Smith vs. Herbert Hoover for presidency. (Hoover wins by a landslide.) 1|Page

Sonny An
US History Honors December 14th, 2012 o o

Smith represented “the big city with sinful and foreign ways.” Hoover, “a boy from a country village [Iowa], without inheritance or influential friends.”

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