Eco-Cities and Integrated Planning

Green Cities: Towards a Sustainable Urban Future
Sonia Chand Sandhu
Senior Environmental Specialist SEUW

Ramola Singru
Urban Development Consultant RSID

GREEN CITIES - A paradigm shift
Urban Renewal linked to LED Economic development & Innovative finance mechanisms

Demand driven change

Education and skills development

GREEN CITIES for IMT-GT Region
Malaysia : • Green Commitment on Carbon reduction
– Melaka Blueprint 2020 : Green Technology City State – City of Melaka: Towards a low carbon green City 2020

Thailand : • 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan for a “Peaceful society under equitability, justice, and resilience towards changes”
– Songkhla Province Green Initiative Plan. – Songkhla Municipality Green Projects

ADB Urban Operational Plan 2012

Integrated Urban Sustainability Assessments (IUSAs)

3E Approach - Environment, Economy, Equity

Adoption of Green Technologies and Options

Steinberg, F and Lindfield, M (2012), Green Cities, ADB

Green Cities Toolkit

PHASE 1: SETTING THE URBAN CONTEXT - CITY PROFILING

PHASE 2: PRIORITIZATION AND OPTIONS

PHASE 3: PROJECTS / PROGRAMS

Strategic Investments
Integrated Sustainable Urban Development

Sustainable Transport

Energy Efficiency

What are Intelligent Systems?

INTEGRATED PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION GREEN POLICIES CLEAN AND SMART TECHNOLOGIES GREEN FINANCING INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES AND CAPACITY

Green Finance Institutional Structure
Smart Technology

 

 

Green Policies
Integrated Planning and Implementation

Green Cities Indicators
• Green City Index • Sector wise indicators
– Urban Planning and management – Built Infrastructure – Water – Sanitation, Storm water – Solid Waste Management – Transport – Energy – Disaster Risk Management – DMF indicators in each sector

• Green Cities Score Card
– Monitoring quality of life indicators – Performance based reporting

Asian Green City Index
Energy and CO2 Land use and buildings Transport

Waste
disposed

Water

Sanitation

CITY
AVERAGE INDEX

Total pop’n Administrative GDP per person CO2 Energy Popn density Green spaces Superior public % of waste collected Waste 2 2 emissions consumption (persons/km ) per person transport network and adequately generated (in million) area (km ) (in US$)
(tons/person) per US$ GDP (m2/person) (km/km2)

Water Water Population Share of consumption system with access to wastewater (kg/person/year) (liters/person/day) leakages (%) sanitation (%) treated (%)

4.6

6.0

8228.8

38.6

0.17

82.8

325.2

277.6

22.2

70.1

59.9

BANGKOK BEIJING BENGALURU DELHI GUANGZHOU HANOI HONG KONG JAKARTA KARACHI KOLKATA KUALA LUMPUR MANILA MUMBAI NANJING OSAKA SEOUL SHANGHAI SINGAPORE TAIPEI TOKYO WUHAN

5.7 17.6 7.1 17.4 7.9 6.5 7.0 9.2 14.5 15.6 1.7 11.6 12.7 7.7 2.7 10.5 19.2 5 2.7 13.0 8.4

1,568.7 16,410.5 709.5 1,483.0 3,843.4 3,344.6 1,104.4 664.0 3,527.0 1,851.0 243.0 636.0 468.0 6,582.3 222.3 605.3 6,340.5 710.3 271.8 2,187.7 8,494.4

9095.4 10,136.7 2,066.3 2,004.1 16,834.1 1,739.60 29,990.5 7,636.4 5,379.3 1,414.1 12,365.0 5365.3 2,184.3 7,284.9 70,927.4 19,597.1 11,463.7 36,519.6 48,400.0 70,759.6 8,093.9

6.7 8.2 0.5 1.1 9.2 1.9 5.4 1.2 3.1 1.5 7.2 1.6 1.0 5.7 7.6 3.7 9.7 7.4 4.2 4.8 5.1

6.1 12.3 4.6 7.7 11.7 9.5 1.5 2.4 7.8 4.0 5.0 4.0 6.5 10.50 1.6 3.2 14.8 2.9 1.4 1.2 10.0

3,607.4 1,069.4 10,034.0 11,733.0 2,067.5 1935.1 6,363.3 13,889.9 4,111.1 8,451.6 6811.1 18165.1 27,136.8 1,171.8 11,981.2 17,288.8 3,030.2 7,025.2 9,789.9 5,946.9 983.6

3.3 88.4 41.0 18.8 166.3 11.2 105.3 2.3 17.0 1.8 43.9 4.5 6.6 108.4 4.5 23.4 18.1 66.2 49.6 10.6 20.9

0.04 0.02 0.00 0.08 0.07 0.00 0.24 0.19 0.00 0.05 0.27 0.05 0.00 0.01 0.62 0.94 0.07 0.21 0.55 0.14 0.00

62.9 95.4 80.0 93.6 88.2 95.0 100.0 35.0 82.7 80.0 57.5 76.9 32.4 85.8 100.0 100.0 82.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 74.0

534.8 394.7 266.5 146.8 415.1 282.0 434.3 291.5 229.0 282.0 815.7 247.6 209.0 218.3 573.4 995.6 369.5 306.6 304.0 375.1 262.9

340.2 218.1 73.0 208.7 527.2 53.1 371.2 77.6 164.5 137.8 497.2 154.8 250.0 341.4 417.9 311.0 411.1 308.5 342.0 320.2 281.0

35.0 12.5 39.0 40.0 14.8 45.0 21.0 50.2 25.0 35.0 37.0 35.9 13.6 11.6 6.9 7.0 10.2 4.6 22.0 3.1 14.2

51.0 70.4 53.0 54.0 79.0 40.0 93.0 67.0 57.0 52.0 70.0 12.0 42.0 64.7 100.0 100.0 72.5 100.0 99.0 99.4 66.5

12.2 80.3 42.4 55.0 74.1 10.0 98.0 1.0 22.0 20.0 0.0 21.0 67.6 86.0 100.0 82.0 78.4 100.0 77.4 100.0 90.4

Source: Asian Green City Index: Assessing the environmental performance of Asia's major cities (Economist Intelligence Unit, 2011)

CHALLENGE

• Resource utilization • Environmental management

• Quality of life

• Urban planning

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

RESILIENT URBAN SERVICES

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT

Sustainable Green City

Integrated Urban Management

SNAPSHOT: GREEN CITY ACTION PLAN
URBAN DENSIFICATION AND MIXED USES, GREEN INDUSTRIES

ENERGY EFFICIENCY – BUILDINGS, UTILITIES, APPLIANCES

PUBLIC SPACES – CITY GREENING, AIR QUALITY RESILIENT URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE- WATSAN, WASTE URBAN FORM – WALKABILITY, LIGHTING & SAFETY PUBLIC & NON-MOTORISED TRANSPORT

CITY FOR ALL - QUALITY OF LIFE
Image Source: CTS Mexico

Green City System

Green Cities Initiative – Potential Projects
CORPORATE NATIONAL RESIDENTIAL
Green Growth Strategy and Policy Clean Energy incentives Energy Efficiency Codes and Certification Resource Management

CITY

Resilient Urban Infrastructure Urban Renewal Heritage Conservation Energy efficient Buildings Sustainable Transport Clean Energy, Renewable Energy, Waste to Energy

Green Technology Integrated Land development Green Industries Energy Efficient construction PPP’s in Transport, Land development, Utilities

Energy Efficient homes and appliances Passive cooling Mixed Use Developments Greenways Neighbourhood Greening Community Based Initiatives Rainwater Harvesting

Achieving Sustainable Green Cities
INVESTMENTS
INTEGRATED URBAN PLANNING RESILIENT URBAN SERVICES TOURISM

SHORT TERM
Green City Action Plan

LONG TERM
Sustainable Green Cities

Non-revenue water, Green Building Certification Urban Renewal Heritage Conservation Vocational Training Skills Development Green Industry Energy Efficiency

Improved quality of life

Regional Tourism circuits Enhanced institutional capacity Green Jobs

SOCIAL CAPITAL
GREEN GROWTH &

NATURAL CAPITAL

Implementation Framework Urban Management Partnership

Finance Facility for Urban Infrastructure

Learning Partnerships

National and State Government

ADB + Global Funds

Cities Private Sector States and National Governments

ADB +

Global Institutions

Green Financing for Cities
National Government
• Viability Gap for PPPs • Tax Incentives • Enabling Laws & Regulations • FX Cover

• Debt / Equity

ADB + Global Funds
• Longer Tenor Funding • Project Financing  Refinanced with Private Sector

• Credit enhancement

Green Urban Infrastructure Partnership Financing Facility
Attractive Financing for Cities’ Green Infrastructure Projects

Co-Financing from Private Investors:
• Local private sector banks • Pension funds • Insurance funds • Islamic investors

• Partial Loss Guarantee • Political Risk Guarantee

• Social impact investors • NGOs • Corporations (CSR)

Specialist Green Investors / Donors

Sustainable Transport Example

Variation of Eco-Industrial Parks (EIP)

Smart Technologies for Energy Efficiency
• • Towards carbon neutral cities: Future applications of glass facades as solar panels

Wuxi Suntech PV R&D Center

Solar Panels at Tianjin Eco-City

‘Ubiquitous’ city - New Songdo, Incheon, South Korea

Can we retrofit Asia’s cities into a sustainable green future?
We look forward to working with you! Starting now . . .

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