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Arne Duncan Diane Ravitch Joel Klein Michelle Rhee Lamar Alexander Mitt Romney Rod Paige William Bennett
AEI Education aims to inform the policymaking process and enrich contemporary education debates by promoting common sense principles for reform of America’s K–12 and higher education systems.
A Few Selected Highlights
Rick Hess joins AEI as resident scholar
Common Sense School Reform released; Secretary of Education Rod Paige keynotes AEI event on educational equality; Leaving No Child Behind? published
With the Best of Intentions released
Governor Mitt Romney (R-MA) speaks on education reform in Massachusetts; Educational Entrepreneurship released
Education Unbound released; Secretary of Education Arne Duncan delivers “new normal” speech; NAACP President Ben Jealous discusses the future of education reform
Governor Mitch Daniels (R-IN) delivers keynote on Indiana education reform; Same Thing Over and Over released
New York City Chancellor Joel Klein speaks on school reform in the Big Apple Senators Ron Wyden (D-OR) and Marco Rubio (R-FL) discuss higher education accountability; advisers for presidential candidates Mitt Romney and Barack Obama square off in education debate
The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) is one of the nation’s oldest think tanks and is dedicated to the principles of limited government and free enterprise. A nonpartisan, nonprofit policy organization, AEI has worked since its founding in 1938 to strengthen the foundations of freedom and civil society through scholarly research, public debate, and publications. Today, AEI’s education policy studies program is at the epicenter of education reform discussion and activity, and reaches policymakers, federal education officials, congressional staff members, think tank scholars and other academics, and individuals in the education policy community in a concerted effort to help shape an intellectual and policy environment for reform.
From the Vice President
Dear Friends, On behalf of the American Enterprise Institute, I am pleased to present this overview of the work of AEI’s K–12 and Higher Education Policy department. It is intended to provide you with a short, accessible summary of what we have been up to and where we are heading. There are many thoughtful and influential researchers and policy intellectuals in the education space, but none I believe are more wideranging in scope and impact than our team. Simply put, if there is an issue pertaining to education policy in America, our team has made or is making a contribution to the debate. How do we do it? For starters, we have some of the most talented education experts in the country. Program Director Rick Hess is a dynamo, writing books, organizing research conferences, hosting influential meetings, and reaching thousands of readers daily through his blog Rick Hess Straight Up. Research Fellow Andrew Kelly’s work on higher education reform has attracted the attention of leading policymakers in Congress and the administration, and he was recognized last year as one of the 16 next generation leaders in education policy by Education Week’s Policy Notebook blog. And Mike McShane just joined us from graduate school but has already published his first book on President Obama’s role as an education reformer. Some of our recent highlights include: • Eight invitation-only working groups on the future of American K–12 and higher education. These events
bring together leading researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and education leaders for off-the-record, no-holds-barred discussions of leading policy topics. • Two major research conferences that produced pathbreaking original research on the federal role in K–12 schooling and cost-containment in higher education. • Major speeches from Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, House Education Committee Chairman John Kline (R-MN), Senator Michael Bennet (D-CO), and Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels (R-IN). Our team is not resting on its laurels. We have a variety of exciting research projects in the pipeline, including work on teacher quality, the role of parents in school reform, and providing governors with a how-to guide for urban school reform. And Rick’s 2013 book—Cage-Busting Leadership—offers a practical guide for how education leaders can work around or reshape restrictive rules and regulations to enact transformative change.
I hope you are excited about our team’s work after you read this booklet. I know I have enjoyed watching our team's ideas move from the outside of debate to common wisdom, and I look forward to more of the same in the months and years ahead. Sincerely,
Henry Olsen Vice President American Enterprise Institute
Q & A with the Director
Frederick M. “Rick” Hess is resident scholar and director of education policy studies at AEI. His books include The Same Thing Over and Over: How School Reformers Get Stuck in Yesterday’s Ideas (Harvard University Press, 2010), Education Unbound: The Promise and Practice of Greenfield Schooling (ASCD, 2010), Common Sense School Reform (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), Revolution at the Margins: The Impact of Competition on Urban School Systems (Brookings Institution Press, 2002), and Spinning Wheels: The Politics of Urban School Reform (Brookings Institution Press, 1998). He is also the author of the popular Education Week blog Rick Hess Straight Up. His work has appeared in scholarly and popular outlets such as Teachers College Record, Harvard Education Review, Phi Delta Kappan, National Affairs, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, the New York Times, the Atlantic, and National Review. Hess serves as executive editor of Education Next, as lead faculty member for the Rice Education Entrepreneurship Program, and on the review boards for the Broad Prize in Urban Education and the Broad Prize for Public Charter Schools. He also serves on the boards of directors of the National Association of Charter School Authorizers, 4.0 SCHOOLS, and the American Board for the Certification of Teaching Excellence. A former high school social studies teacher, he has taught at the University of Virginia, the University of Pennsylvania, Georgetown University, Rice University, and Harvard University. Q: What prompted you to take up office at AEI? A: When I was hired, I was told that AEI doesn’t take institutional positions, that they didn’t much care whether I published in barely read
scholarly journals, and that they didn’t care if what I said was popular. Universities and schools of education can feel like stifling places. At AEI, I’ve felt a total freedom of expression since day one. Q: What do you see as AEI Education’s role in current education debates? A: I take the label “think tank” pretty literally. AEI is about advocating for ideas. We’re not evaluators and we’re not academics—instead, we’re out there fighting for and defending a set of ideas and intuitions. In battling for these ideas, rather than promoting any partisan agenda or trying to be part of a team, we try to hold everyone accountable, to provide useful insights, and to do this while educating advocates and policymakers via the kind of thoughtful debate that is too often lacking today. Q: What are AEI Education’s greatest accomplishments over the past 10 years? A: The policy process is remarkably capricious—so we’ve tended not to focus on “this legislation” or “that bill,” but on trying to inform and push the direction of policy. And, because we’re committed to ideas rather than parties, we’re now also prominent (sometimes dissenting) voices in trying to ensure that these policy victories are not done in by hubris or simple-mindedness. Q: What do you see in store for the future? A: We will continue to believe there is huge power in putting ideas on the radar, and in recruiting thought leaders and practitioners to tackle subjects that they haven’t tackled before (or even those that have been taboo). We will continue to provide a civil home for honest disagreement and to work at bridging the disparate worlds of policy, research, public-system reform, and private-sector entrepreneurship. And we will continue to be tough-minded friends who offer constructive criticism to those on the ground pushing for reforms.
What We Do
AEI Education aims to inform the policymaking process and enrich contemporary education debates by promoting common sense principles for reform of America’s K–12 and higher education systems. Through commissioned research, public forums, first-rate publications, and private briefings, we tackle vital policy questions, reexamining common assumptions and proposing new approaches to meeting the challenges of the 21st century. Our forums and outlets include: Public events. AEI Education’s acclaimed public event series includes panel discussions, book releases, and keynote addresses on an array of timely education issues. Research conferences. These full-day, public events showcase original research by scholars and practitioners. Previous conferences have addressed such issues as K–12 cost containment, higher education innovation, and educational entrepreneurship, among many others.
“Under Rick Hess's leadership, AEI has challenged orthodoxy from both sides in the ongoing saga of education. Rick eschews simple solutions and is unafraid of big ideas.”
—Joel Klein, Executive Vice President, NewsCorp; Former Chancellor, New York City Department of Education
Working groups. These private gatherings of leading education thinkers and doers to discuss the latest research and ventures in K–12 and higher education are designed to address a major deficit: the rarity that the key groups shaping education (researchers, policymakers, and practitioners) interact with each other to discuss ideas and shape policy.
By the Numbers
Boards, Advisory Panels, and Other Professional Positions (for AEI scholars, in 2012)
(edited or written by AEI scholars)
“Education Outlooks” Total Citations for Edited Volumes
Email Distribution List for Research and Events
“In a world where commentators often start with unexamined assumptions and then jump to status quo conclusions, AEI’s intellectual rigor is refreshing and indispensable.”
—Neerav Kingsland, CEO, New Schools for New Orleans
Outlooks and white papers. AEI Outlooks and white papers allow for research and commentary to be disseminated widely and in an accessible fashion. Each is sent to a broad mailing list and they have covered the full spectrum of education issues, from education politics, to urban school reform, to cost efficiency. Books and reports. AEI Education scholars are engaged in their own groundbreaking, long-term research endeavors. Where possible, we collaborate with other think tanks and scholars to help inform our work. Recent studies have included Leaders & Laggards: A State-By-State Report Card on Public Postsecondary Education (with the US Chamber of Commerce) and Parent Power: Grassroots Activism and K–12 Education Reform (coauthored by Andrew P. Kelly and Patrick J. McGuinn of Drew University).
This Leaders & Laggards report addresses issues of postsecondary costeffectiveness, accountability, and innovation. Previous reports, also sponsored by the US Chamber of Commerce, examined K–12 performance (2007) and K–12 innovation (2009).
Fellows & Visiting Scholars
Andrew P. Kelly is a research fellow in education policy studies at AEI. His research has appeared in Teachers College Record, Educational Policy, Policy Studies Journal, Education Next, and Education Week, as well as popular outlets such as Inside Higher Education, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Forbes, the Atlantic, National Review, and the Huffington Post. He is coeditor of Getting to Graduation: The Completion Agenda in Higher Education (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012), Carrots, Sticks, and the Bully Pulpit: Lessons from A Half-Century of Federal Efforts to Improve America’s Schools (Harvard Education Press, 2012), and Reinventing Higher Education: The Promise of Innovation (Harvard Education Press, 2011). Andrew joined AEI in 2009.
Michael Q. McShane is a research fellow in education policy studies at AEI and concurrently a PhD candidate in the Department of Education Reform at the University of Arkansas. He previously taught ninth- and tenth-grade English and religion studies at St. Jude Educational Institute in Montgomery, Alabama. His first book, President Obama and Education Reform: The Personal and the Political (coauthored with Robert Maranto), was published by Palgrave Macmillan in September 2012. Mike joined AEI in 2012.
US Senators Marco Rubio (R-FL) and Ron Wyden (D-OR) speak at an AEI event on higher education accountability with AEI’s Andrew Kelly, 2012.
Mark Schneider is a visiting scholar at AEI and vice president at the American Institutes for Research (AIR). Before joining AIR, he served as the US commissioner of education statistics from 2005–08. He is also a distinguished professor emeritus of political science at the State University of New York, Stony Brook. He is the author and editor of numerous articles and books on education policy, including Getting to Graduation: The Completion Agenda in Higher Education (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012), Higher Education Accountability (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), Charter Schools: Hope or Hype? (Princeton University Press, 2007), and Choosing Schools (Princeton University Press, 2000).
As a Washington, DC-based public policy think tank, AEI is uniquely situated to inform both national and local policymakers through its research and events. Among the highlights from just the past three years:
2012 brought the release of Carrots, Sticks, and the Bully
Pulpit, edited by Hess and Kelly, which examines what the federal government can do well in K–12 schooling, and where it may fall short. Senator John Kline (R-MN) unveiled the GOP vision to fix the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) at a keynote address, while a separate event saw Senator Michael Bennet (D-CO) discussing his plan for enhancing education research and development.
2011 saw a joint event with the Center for American
Progress called “Tightening up Title I,” which provided a set of policy recommendations for that important section of NCLB. Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa addressed his school reform plans. Hess also testified on Capitol Hill during the debate over the HarkinEnzi NCLB reauthorization proposal.
2010 featured the panel event “What Do the Midterm
Elections Mean for Education?,” the first in an event series on education and the election, which was viewed live by over 300 attendees, making it one of the largest AEI events of the year.
Representative John Kline (R-MN) unveils the GOP vision to fix No Child Left Behind, 2012.
US Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN) and former US secretary of education Rod Paige discuss the role of the Department of Education in 2005.
Previous years have featured panels and discussions from Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels, Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, US Secretary of Education Rod Paige, and New York City Chancellor Joel Klein. In addition to our events and reports, the Future of American Education working group series unites some of the nation’s leading reformers to discuss the latest empirical research and cutting-edge innovation. Among the speakers and attendees are policymakers at the federal and local levels, including Chris Barbic, Tennessee Achievement School District superintendent; Mitchell “The work of AEI Education and Chester, Massachusetts commissioner dedicated individuals like Rick of education; Lillian Lowery, MaryHess continues to inform and land state superintendent of schools; influence educational leaders and Terry Grier, superintendent of across the nation.” the Houston Independent School Dis—Tony Bennett, Former Indiana trict. The forum provides an intimate State Superintendent of Education and off-the-record venue for policymakers, innovators, and researchers to interact and share ideas.
Enrich the Debates
AEI’s Rick Hess with US Department of Education’s Jim Shelton (center) and US Senator Michael Bennet (right), 2012.
AEI Education strives to enrich contemporary education debates by providing incisive “AEI Education’s work has research and commentary, as well as always been wonderfully serving as a broker of relationships among provocative, challenging influential education reformers. Under the me to think and rethink leadership of Hess, the program is commitmy positions around ted to including divergent viewpoints in education reform.” public events and private gatherings. As —Terry Grier, such, AEI Education is ideally situated to Superintendent, Houston build relationships among an education Independent School District community of thought leaders. In seeking to broaden conversations and strengthen solutions to America’s biggest education challenges, we aim to create an intellectual center of gravity around serious reform issues.
What the AEI Ed Team Has to Say about Today’s Debates
The AEI Education program seeks to speak powerfully and pithily on the key issues of the day. A few insights from 2012 alone:
“There is a blindingly slow pace of adoption on the kinds of changes to tenure, to teacher compensation, to work rules that I think everybody acknowledges are appropriate . . . But what we’re seeing in Chicago is what happens when rubber meets road, and even somebody as toughminded as Rahm Emmanuel is getting body blows from teachers who are adamant against making these kinds of changes.”
—Rick Hess on the Chicago Teachers Strike on CNBC’s Squawk Box, September 11, 2012
“Advances in technology—like digital content and online delivery—have made higher education available to a much wider audience. . . . For the most part, traditional institutions of higher education have not embraced these innovations, continuing to operate as they did 50 years ago.”
—Andrew Kelly on Higher Education Innovation on NPR’s Marketplace Money, August 31, 2012
“One of the fundamental things we need to do is rethink the way that we recruit, retain, and compensate teachers to be able to deal with [a] changing labor market.”
—Mike McShane on Teacher Recruitment in U.S. News and World Report, October 1, 2012
One influential tool for pushing education debate and policymaking is Hess’s popular blog Rick Hess Straight Up (RHSU), housed on the website of leading education daily Education Week. Started in February 2010, by December 2012, Hess had published over 450 blog posts under more than 60 unique categories ranging from accountability to “dollars & sense” to Race to the Top. RHSU has become one of Education Week’s most well-read commentary blogs. Between daily site visits and readers who view the blog over an RSS feed like Google Reader, around 3,000–3,500 unique visitors read each post. Said Education Week commentary editor Elizabeth Rich, “Rick's smart and witty, but it's his unpredictability that makes him so immensely readable. He can't be pigeonholed.” In addition to his own musings, Hess recruits teams of guest bloggers to take the “[AEI Education] has greatly reins of RHSU three or four times a year. helped the public education This allows the blog to address an even reform community advance the wider array of topics and tap the expertise ball [by] helping us focus on of other education thinkers and doers. the levers that are most transOne of the most popular RHSU blog formative for our children, and series is the annual Public Presence ensuring that best practices Rankings. Compiled and published at the spread to help more children end of each year, the metrics are designed learn and grow.” to recognize university-based academics —Mike Feinberg, who are contributing the most to public Cofounder, KIPP Schools debates about education policy. Ranking over 120 scholars, each year the Public Presence metrics elicit widespread attention from media and academics alike, and have been featured in press releases from major universities such as Stanford University, Harvard University, and the University of Virginia.
Common Sense Reform
AEI Education’s work seeks to flag challenges, illuminate opportunities, and light the path toward education improvement. Key areas of interest include: Educational Entrepreneurship Educational entrepreneurship has been a trademark area of AEI Education’s research, in which our scholars have led the way in shining a bright light on promising new ventures and wrestling with challenges of policy design and implementation. In particular, Educational Entrepreneurship: Realities, Challenges, and Possibilities (2006) introduced readers to entrepreneurship as an unprecedented and influential force in US K–12 education, while The Future of Educational Entrepreneurship: Possibilities for School Reform (2008) laid out pressing issues such as barriers to entry; the availability of venture capital; and questions about research, development, and quality control in the entrepreneurial sector. Recognizing the need for innovation and entrepreneurship in higher education as well, Reinventing Higher Education: The Promise of Innovation (2011) pointed the way toward improvements in the educational performance of America’s colleges and universities. Unbundling Education and “Greenfield” Schooling AEI Education has long worked to promote a concept of “greenfield” schooling, which aims to scrub away entrenched, bureaucratic barriers; restrictive norms; and outdated routines to use resources, talent, and
technology in smarter ways. In Education Unbound, Hess suggests strategies to create an environment that invites new solutions and provides the infrastructure necessary for them to succeed. Stretching the School Dollar In 2010, AEI and the Thomas B. Fordham Institute hosted a large public research conference called “A Penny Saved: How Schools and Districts Can Tighten Their Belts While Serving Students Better” to explore K–12 cost-effectiveness in an era of dwindling state budgets following the 2008 recession. The resulting book, titled Stretching the School Dollar: How Schools and Districts Can Save Money While Serving Students Best (2011) was one of the first attempts to seriously address issues of cost containment in the K–12 space. The book attracted the attention of numerous leaders, including Microsoft founder Bill Gates and US Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, the latter of whom gave a major keynote address at AEI in November 2010 on this “new normal” of doing more with less. Piggybacking off of this successful effort, in 2012, AEI Education launched a “Stretching the Higher Education Dollar” research initiative exploring how colleges and universities can simultaneously cut costs and tuition. Sizing-Up the Federal Role in Schooling AEI Education scholars have also sought a proper understanding of federalism in the American education system, including outlining a suitable role for the federal government. January 2012’s Carrots, Sticks, and the Bully Pulpit provided a historical account of what the federal government did well in K–12 schooling, and where its ambitions outstripped its capacities. Guiding our work is the belief that the federal government does have a role to
AEI’s Rick Hess with US Secretary of Education Arne Duncan (center) and former Nogales Unified School District superintendent Shawn McCollough (left) after Duncan’s 2010 keynote at AEI.
play in schooling, and understanding the proper confines of that role is a more productive enterprise than seeking to abolish it. The Role of Private Enterprise in Public Education In education, for-profits have long been regarded as an evil, if sometimes necessary, imposition. Many educators and reformers sneeringly dismiss for-profits as “seeking to profit on the backs of our children.” Such an outlook limits reform possibilities—a problem that our Private Enterprise project seeks to change. “Rick is a brilliant thought Beginning in the fall of 2011, partner. . . . His irreverence AEI Education commissioned is not only refreshing, but is 10 papers that encourage a more a reminder that we dogged nuanced conversation about the school reformers should role of for-profits in education. With find time for light moments help from Michael B. Horn of the and humor.” Innosight Institute, these papers— —Cynthia G. Brown, which will be released as an edited Vice President for Education Policy, Center for American Progress volume in 2013—articulate one important conclusion: tax status is not indicative of moral superiority.
Teacher Quality 2.0 In the fall of 2011, AEI began a long-term initiative geared toward anticipating the next generation of human capital research and policymaking. “Teacher Quality 2.0” warns that, while we are right to applaud the heightened energy behind improving the way we recruit, retain, train, evaluate, and compensate America’s teachers, our accomplishments to date are but small steps on a long path. Teacher Quality 2.0 asks: how do we build on the progress we have made without unintentionally stifling future “Rick Hess has been an innovation? In this spirit, AEI Education incredible partner to DCPS has released multiple working papers on over the past decade. He this idea of the next generation of teacher isn’t afraid to speak out in quality. Additionally, via a series of support of the bold changes private meetings, we have convened we've made, and he continupreeminent researchers, policymakers, ally challenges us to think funders, union representatives, state in new and creative ways to and district leaders, and education improve schooling. That’s entrepreneurs to candidly discuss the invaluable to us.” short- and long-term practical implica—Kaya Henderson, tions of our current efforts, and their Chancellor, District of consequences for future research, Columbia Public Schools advocacy, and philanthropy. This work will continue into 2013.
On the Horizon
Common Core Throughout 2013, AEI Education will conduct a serious effort surrounding the Common Core. Most of the discussion about the Common Core has focused on its technical merits or the challenges of practical implementation. In contrast, there has been little talk of how the standards fit in with the larger reform ecosystem—where the Common Core is, of course, just one piece of the school reform agenda that states are currently pursuing— along with plans to promote teacher evaluations, virtual schooling, and charter networks. AEI Education will look at these challenges through a series of new research pieces and a major public conference. Parental Empowerment and School Choice Throughout 2013–14, AEI Education will explore the “demand and supply” for greater school options. On the demand side, we will continue our look at education reform advocacy groups who seek to mobilize and empower parents to push for school reform. And on the supply side, we will start a new initiative, to culminate in a major research conference, on the conditions necessary for vibrant school choice markets, examining such issues as barriers to entry, regulations, and the availability of human capital.
“Through Rick Hess’s leadership, AEI draws from research, policy, and practice to create a space in which orthodoxies are questioned and competing ideas are explored. There is no question that AEI has helped to ensure an energetic national dialog on education reform—in addition to helping me sharpen my policy acumen.”
Mitchell D. Chester, Massachusetts Commissioner of Elementary and Secondary Education
On February 12, 2013, Hess will release his newest book from Harvard Education Press, Cage-Busting Leadership. The premise of CageBusting Leadership is simple: it is true—as wouldbe reformers often argue—that statutes, policies, rules, regulations, contracts, and case law make it tougher than it should be for school and system leaders to drive improvement and, well, lead. However, it is also true that leaders have far more freedom to transform, reimagine, and invigorate teaching, learning, and schooling than is widely believed. This book draws both from cage-dwelling horror stories and successes to help current and aspiring leaders, and will serve as a centerpiece for AEI Education’s future work on educational leadership.
“Rick Hess challenges our educational leaders to take on the laws, rules, and regulations that prevent them from implementing true transformational changes to our educational systems. Citing many examples of leaders who have busted out of the cage, Hess illustrates the tough decisions that can be made to provide the quality education that we seek for our students. Cage-Busting Leadership is not for the faint of heart.”
—Dan Domenech, Executive Director, American Association of School Administrators
“This is not just a how-to guide, it is a why-not manifesto.”
—John Deasy, Superintendent, Los Angeles Unified School District
“Rick Hess is a modern-day Mark Twain. He distills the truth and renders it understandable, humorous, and palatable in the process.”
—James W. Guthrie, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Nevada; Senior Fellow and Director of Education Policy Studies, The George W. Bush Institute
After stints with AEI Education, our former researchers and staffers have continued to excel with careers in education, law, and business: Emily Kluver: After leaving AEI, Emily was an early employee at Wireless Generation and currently works as a research analyst in the Office of the Mayor in New York City. Morgan Goatley: After spending over six years at AEI, Morgan is now the development director at Exodus City in Kansas City, MO. Rosemary Kendrick: After four years at AEI, Rosemary left to attend Harvard Business School, and is now in Silicon Valley working as the operations lead for Fidelis Education. Juliet Squire: After four years at AEI, Juliet is currently the interim director for school innovations at the New Jersey Department of Education. Thomas Gift: Thomas left AEI to pursue a PhD in political science at Duke University.
Jenna Talbot: After three years at AEI, Jenna joined Whiteboard Advisors, where she is a senior associate. Raphael Gang: After AEI, Raphael joined the Louisiana Department of Education, where he is currently the deputy director of the department’s Office of Parental Options. Olivia Meeks: After two years at AEI, Olivia went to work for the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) as part of the DCPS team designing the IMPACT teacher evaluation system. Whitney Downs: After two years at AEI, Whitney entered George Washington University Law School.
“Rick Hess brings a thoughtful voice and innovative ideas to a conversation vital to our nation’s future: in a global economy, how do we ensure our schools are preparing every student to excel in college and career training? I look forward to our continued work together on education reform.”
—Senator Michael Bennet (D-CO)
AEI Education Policy Staff
From an initial staff of two in 2002, AEI Education has grown to eight scholars and researchers in 2012, making it one of the largest departments at AEI.
Frederick M. Hess
Resident Scholar and Director of Education Policy Studies
Andrew P. Kelly
Michael Q. McShane
External Relations Assistant
1150 17th Street NW Washington, DC 20036
To contact one of our scholars, please reach out to External Relations Assistant Lauren Aronson, (202) 862-5904 or email@example.com, or visit online at www.aei.org/policy/education.
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