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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, Pilani Pilani Campus

INSTRUCTION DIVISION FIRST SEMESTER 2012-2013 Course Handout (Part II) Date: 03.08.2012 In addition to Part I (General Handout for all courses appended to the Time Table), this portion gives further specific details regarding the course. Course No. : CE C371 Course Title : Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics Instructor-in-charge : SANGHAMITRA KUNDU Instructor : Anupam Singhal Course Description: Turbulent flow through conduits; lift and drag; pipe networks; boundary layer theory; open channel flow; uniform and varied flow; hydraulic jump; elements of sediment transport; introduction to hydrology and hydrological cycle; elements of meteorology; precipitation; mean depth of rainfall over area; evaporation, transpiration and evapo-transpiration; interception and infiltration; run off and factors affecting run-off; unit hydrograph; methods of determination of run-off. Scope and Objective of the Course: The problems encountered by man in the field of water supply, irrigation, navigation and waterpower, resulted in the development of the fluid mechanics. Fluid mechanics is that branch of science, which deals with the behavior of the fluids at rest as well as in the motion. This course will stress the governing principles of Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics; the assumptions made in their development and their limits of applicability, and will show how the principles can be applied to the solution of practical engineering problems such as water supply systems, waste water treatment facilities, dam spillways, flow-meters, hydraulic shock absorbers etc. Different kinds of flow of fluid under different conditions have also been included so that the students learn to apply in practical life. Text Books: T1. Modi, P.N. and Seth, S.M., Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, Standard Book House, 15th ed., 2008. T2. Deodhar M.J., Elementary Engineering Hydrology, Pearson Education, First Edition, 2009. T3. Moondra, H.S., Gupta, R., Lab. Manual for Civil Engineering, CBS publishers & Dist, 2nd ed., 2000. Reference Books: R1. Douglas J. F., Gasiorek J. M., Swaffield J. A., and Jack L.B., Fluid Mechanics, Pearson Education, Second Impression, 2009. R2. Fox, R.W. and McDonald, A.T., Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, John Wiley and Sons Inc., Singapore, Fifth Edition, 2001 R3. Arora, K.R., Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machines, Standard Publishers, Delhi, 1985. R4. Chanamala Ratnam, and Arun Vikram Kothapalli, Fluid Mechanics and Machiner, I K International Publishing House, New Delhi, 2010 R5. Patra, K.C., Hydrology and water Resources Engineering, Narosa Publishing House, 2001.

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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, Pilani Pilani Campus


Course Plan:
S. No. 1. Learning Objective Topics to be covered Reference to Text Book (Chapter/section) No. of Lectures 2

Introduction to the Hydraulics and fluid Introduction, T1 Chapter 1 mechanics. To establish a base and a Fundamental definitions T2 Chapter 1 perspective for the study of subject and concepts To study the behavior of real fluid flow in Boundary layer theory pipes and channels To study about the type of fluid flow in Turbulent flow in pipes general and analysis of turbulent flow specifically Analysis of pipe networks using Hardy Flow through pipes Cross Method and Linear Graph Method Analysis of uniform fluid flow in open Flow in open channels channel T1 Chapter 12 R1 Chapter 11 T1 Chapter 14 R1 Chapter 10 T1 Chapter 11 T1 Chapter 15

2. 3.

5 4

4. 5. 6. 7. 7. 8.

2 4 3 3 4 3

Analysis of Non uniform fluid flow in Non-uniform flow in T1 Chapter 16 open channel channels Design of Hydraulic Structures such as Hydraulic Structures Parshall Flume, Gates, Culverts etc. Analysis of Fluid flow around submerged Lift & Drag objects Introduction to hydrology and Elements of Hydrology hydrological cycle and presentation of basic concepts of hydrology and development of a flavor for application of hydrology to the solution of a range of problems To present hydrologic inputs such as Precipitation Precipitation measurement and method of analyzing the measured precipitation, Network design and presentation of precipitation data To present stream flow measurement and Stream flow hydrograph analysis techniques of stream flow measurement and sources of stream flow hydrologic inputs To deal with the precipitation-runoff Hydrograph relation. Given the amount of surface runoff, the surface runoff hydro would be estimated by unit hydrograph method Total R5 Chapter 15 T1 Chapter 18 R1 Chapter 12 T1 Chapter 26 T2 Chapter 1, 2

9.

T2 Chapter 3

10.

T2 Chapter 7, 9

11.

T2 Chapter 5

42

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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, Pilani Pilani Campus

Practical: S. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 10. 11. 12.

Name of Experiment

No. of Turns 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01

Darcy's Friction factor `f' of pipes of different diameter pipes Discharge through an orifice under varying head Discharge through an orifice under constant head The coefficient of discharge `Cd ' of the V notch and rectangular notch and to plot the calibration curve Study of formation of hydraulic jump Verify Stoke's law Study of Impact of Jet Study of Metacentric Height Apparatus Study of Reynolds Apparatus Study of Multi-purpose Flume Determination of Viscosity using Viscometer (Demo)

Reference to Lab Manual (T3) 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.10 3.2 Suppl. Notes Suppl. Notes Suppl. Notes Suppl. Notes Suppl. Notes

Reading Assignment: First 8 Chapters of textbook. Evaluation Scheme: Evaluation Duration Weightage Date, Time & Venue Remarks Component (%) Mid-sem Test 90 min 30 6/10 2:00 - 3:30 PM Closed book Comprehensive 3 hours 45 12/12 AN Partly Open book Practical 15 To be announced in the class from time to time Tutorials and 10 To be announced in the class from time to time Assignments Chamber Consultation Hour: Thursday 9th Hour at 1133-A (Dr. S . Kundu) Monday 9th Hour at 1110-D (Dr. Anupam Singhal) Make-up Policy: 1. Make-up will be granted only on genuine reasons. However, prior permission is must. 2. For medical cases, a certificate from the concerned physician of the Medical Centre must be produced. 3. Please also refer item no. 6 on page 2 of Part I of course handout mentioned in the Timetable for First Semester 2012-13 for more details. Academic honesty and academic integrity Policy: Academic honesty and academic integrity are to be maintained by all of the students throughout the Semester and no type of academic dishonesty is acceptable. Notices:

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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, Pilani Pilani Campus


All notices concerning the course will be displayed on the Notice Board of Civil Engineering Department only. Instructor-in-charge CE C371

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