OCT-DEC 2010

Conflict and Peace Studies (Volume 3, Number 4)


OCT-DEC 2010 Conflict and Peace Studies (Volume 3. Number 4) A PIPS Research Journal Conflict and Peace Studies VOLUME 3 OCT-DEC 2010 NUMBER 4 Editor Muhammad Amir Rana Associate Editor Najam U Din Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) 1|Page .

Number 4) 2|Page .OCT-DEC 2010 Conflict and Peace Studies (Volume 3.

Number 4) Contents Editor’s Note 04 Report Conflict and Insecurity in Balochistan: Assessing Strategic Policy Options for Peace and Security 05 Safdar Sial and Abdul Basit Abstracts 89 Papers A Progressive Understanding of Pashtun Social Structures amidst Current Conflict in FATA Brian R. Kerr Understanding FATA Syed Manzar Abbas Zaidi Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan: A Global Threat Khuram Iqbal 91 109 125 Analysis Analyzing Suicide Attacks in Pakistan Akbar Nasir Khan Notes on Contributors 147 139 Guidelines for Contributors 149 3|Page .OCT-DEC 2010 Conflict and Peace Studies (Volume 3.

Muhammad Amir Rana 4|Page . The second part is an attempt by PIPS to develop a better understanding of FATA. which intends to advance an understanding of the causal factors. key players and dynamics of the conflict in Balochistan. whereas the second part explores the dynamics of the conflict in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Number 4) Editor’s Note The current issue of Conflict and Peace Studies is divided into two parts. which have a direct bearing on national and regional security. the first in-depth study of its kind. Akbar Nasir Khan argues that Pape’s thesis about the genesis of suicide terrorism. Brian R. The first part carries the outcome of a recently concluded study on Balochistan by Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS). It is hoped that these studies will help promote a better understanding of the context and contours of the conflict in Balochistan and FATA. is not valid in the case of Pakistan and there is a need to look for other explanations for suicide attacks in the country. Kerr has tried to unfold the Pashtun social structures in the context of the ongoing militancy in FATA. which he developed through analysis of an extensive database of suicide attacks in many countries.OCT-DEC 2010 Conflict and Peace Studies (Volume 3. The PIPS report endeavors to explore the strategies and options of programmatic and policy interventions which may be feasible and effective in reducing the risk of violence and insecurity in the province. Syed Manzar Abbas Zaidi has endeavored to provide insight into the tribal socio-economic and socio-political dynamics and argues that comprehending them is as important as understanding the religious indoctrination that has prompted the tribal lashkars (raiding parties) to take on the form of a formidable army. Khuram Iqbal has looked into the potential and capabilities of the Pakistani Taliban expanding their operations beyond the tribal region. The PIPS report on Balochistan presents a strategic analysis of the conflict in the province.

before applying this model. mullahs. A blend of Pashtun governance and societal structures aided by an influx of infrastructure and development could be a realistic. long-term peace-building mechanism in the region. FATA is a complicated area to comprehend by any standards. Kerr The conflict in FATA has global ramifications. Barring that. Number 4) Abstracts A Progressive Understanding of Pashtun Social Structures amidst Current Conflict in FATA Brian R. However.OCT-DEC 2010 Conflict and Peace Studies (Volume 3. and tribal elders have experienced significant consequences as a result of the ongoing wave of violence in FATA. Pashtunwali is the pre-Islamic Pashtun code of conduct whose effects on social dynamics in FATA have sometimes been exaggerated. and thus any attempt to win hearts and minds in the area needs to be augmented by intense efforts to understand the ground realities. Historically. there has been a shift in the US and Pakistani policies towards the region. Understanding FATA Syed Manzar Abbas Zaidi Islam as a religion of peace is being overshadowed by the Islam of politics. The society is divided into tribes in FATA. 5|Page . Many terrorist attacks in the West have been logistically or ideologically linked to Pakistan’s tribal areas. But before the Taliban. regardless of whether they really are religious or not. with a greater emphasis on gaining the allegiances of the local population. Adherence to Islamic ritualism is inbred in the lifestyle of the tribesmen. which. they feel. the Pashtun tribes of FATA have largely been left to their local political and administrative structures. has marginalized them. a stable security climate is necessary and militant administrations must be eliminated at the very least. the number is around 400 if all sub-clans are counted. a strategy crucial for a successful counterinsurgency. FATA may well continue to be branded as the 'most dangerous area in the world' for a long time to come. However. Islamic extremism had never really managed to gain a foothold in the Pak-Afghan tribal belts. FATA is an extremely poor area by any comparison. the institution of jirga as well as the individual positions of power such as maliks. In recent years. This political variant is the struggle of the small tribal clique of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) against the state.

An entity that was formed to safeguard and strengthen Afghan Taliban’s movement against the foreign forces in Afghanistan is gradually enhancing its global profile through its aggressive propaganda against the West in general and the US in particular. 2800 Pak Rs.O Box No 2110. The paper emphasizes enhanced regional and global collaboration to counter Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan.com International Sales 1 Year Years Years 4 issues 8 issues 12 issues US$ 140 US$ 200 US$ 260 Cheque or bank draft must be in US$ and be drawable at a Pakistani Bank. Courier charges will be charged additionally Pakistan Sales 1 Year Years Years 4 issues 8 issues 12 issues Pak Rs. 4500 Personal cheque or bank cheque must be in Pak rupees including GST as per rules.OCT-DEC 2010 Conflict and Peace Studies (Volume 3. 1500 Pak Rs. Islamabad All prices are subject to alteration without prior notice. Number 4) Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan: A Global Threat Khuram Iqbal Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) has undergone radical transformation since its inception in December 2007. Reference: PIPS Journal 6|Page . Al Qaeda and Pakistani Taliban. The threat assessment also incorporates the content analysis of randomly selected statements and interviews of TTP’s top leadership. which is no longer a challenge for Pakistan alone but a global threat. PAYMENT METHOD o Cheque/Money Order enclosed .made payable to : “Pak Institute for Peace Studies” P. which provide important insights into the group’s ambitions and capabilities to transform into a global entity. To Buy/ Subscribe Contact: publications@san-pips. This paper seeks to measure the scale of global threat posed by TTP through a close observation and analysis of the post-9/11 shifts in the links between Afghan Taliban.

OCT-DEC 2010 Conflict and Peace Studies (Volume 3. Number 4) 0|Page .

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