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June 18 - 24, 2012

Myanmars first international weekly Volume 32, No. 631 1200 Kyats


Nation on edge as uneasy calm settles over Sittwe

Full coverage inside pages 2-5

A woman rides her bicycle past burned houses in Sittwe, Rakhine State, on June 12. Pic: AFP

Nobody won, nobody benefited

Countrys smooth transition hits hurdle as Rakhine State violence leaves 50 dead, scores wounded
SITTWE Fifty people have been killed and scores wounded in communal clashes in Rakhine State, state media said on June 16, as the UN warned of immense hardship faced by thousands displaced by rioting. The state-run New Light of Myanmar said 50 people have died, with 54 injured between May 28 and June 14 in Rakhine state, which has been convulsed by violence between the Rakhine and Rohingya communities. The report did not say whether the updated toll includes 10 Muslims beaten to death on June 3 by a Buddhist mob in apparent revenge for the rape and murder of a Rakhine woman, which sparked the violence. Colonel Htein Lin, Security and Border Affairs Minister for Rakhine State, said on June 14 that 29 people had been killed, but rights groups and other local sources believe the real figure in Rakhines remote villages could be much higher. Police enforced a curfew in the state capital Sittwe on the night of June 15, with the New Light saying security forces were restoring peace, stability and security after the unrest, which poses a serious challenge to Myanmars reformminded government. Nearly 31,900 people from both sides are being housed in 37 camps across Rakhine, Colonel Htein Lin said at the first press conference by officials in the state capital of Sittwe since widespread rioting began on June 8. U Hla Thein, Rakhine State Chief Justice, told reporters that nobody won, nobody benefited from the violence. What we got was refugees, he added. Everyone has a duty to prevent this happening again ... but its very difficult to talk about peace when both sides dont really trust each other. More page 4

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Religious leaders urge calm after Rakhine violence

By Cherry Thein PEOPLE on both sides of the conflict in Rakhine State need to show more transparency and compassion and work to address the underlying issues behind the violence, religious leaders said last week. The violence between the Rakhine and Rohingya groups has divided Myanmar society and prompted fears that it could spread to other areas. A preacher from the 59th Street mosque told The Myanmar Times on June 15 that all people needed to work together to prevent the spread of racial or religious violence in all its forms. I believe it is not only the responsibility of religious leaders but all people to participate in building peace. We talk about peace between the different faiths a lot but people need to practise it with their actions as well, U Sann Aung said. The problem is strong personal feelings. People cant control their anger and they forget to try and find out the reality behind the situation. For example, when they see a house has been burnt their first thought is to respond with violence, he said. And although some religious leaders talk about peace and the need for calm, they also cant control their personal aggression and anger. The enemy is their own anger, which gives them destructive thoughts. U Sann Aung said the media had an important role to play and could be both a positive and negative force depending on how journalists and editors approached the issue. The news media, including state media, should find out the real voices of those who want peace and try to heal the situation by presenting balanced stories so that readers can decide on the situation accurately, he said, adding that he believed unbalanced reporting in state media at the start of the conflict had exacerbated the situation. The media is a powerful tool and can create tension if people are not careful. I wish all journalists would find a sense of balance and be careful not to make the situation worse, he said. On June 15, the head of the State Sangha weighed into the debate, calling on people not to take revenge and to solve the conflict in Rakhine State with loving kindness. The venerable Kumara Biwontha (Bhamo Sayadaw) said all people should enjoy the right to practice their religion freely, should show sympathy to each other and avoid violence. If we could review the problem with wisdom, all can seek peace and tranquility, the venerable said in a message published in state media. The message was published the day that rumours suggested Muslims would be targeted while going to pray at mosques. While the violence did not materialise, Ko Nyi Nyi, a Muslim resident of Yangon, said the rumours had made the situation go from bad to worse. The issue is arising because of the actions of the former government but now the country is on the road to democracy all people should seek to solve problems with justice and calm, he said. Meanwhile, the Shwedagon Pagoda board of the trustees announced in a statement that they would prevent any group from using the pagoda as an assembly point for demonstrations or campaigns. Secretary U Win Kyaing said the board did not want pilgrims and tourists to be disturbed during their visit. This place is one of our countrys main attractions and a holy site so we have to occasionally introduce rules for the sake of people so they can find space for inner peace and paying respect to the Buddha, he said. A member of the board of trustees of Sule Pagoda a focal point for recent protests said demonstrations were also not allowed at the downtown Yangon pagoda.

People displaced by communal violence in Rakhine State take refuge in Sittwes Maha Zaya Thateddi Adate Htan Monastery on June 14. Pic: Boothee

Only local solution can end ethnic unrest: DFID boss

By Nan Tin Htwe THE international community can play only a limited role in resolving a long-running ethnic conflict in Rakhine State that has in recent weeks claimed at least 50 lives, the head of the United Kingdoms aid office in Myanmar said. Mr Paul Whittingham, head of the Department for International Development in Myanmar, said in an interview on June 14 that the violence in Rakhine State, which has also seen scores injured and more than 2500 homes destroyed, was very tragic. We have been watching very closely and are concerned at the loss of lives, the flaring up of tensions, he said. I hope the situation can be restored very quickly. He said that while international aid could help people in Rakhine State rebuild after order is restored, the Rakhine and Rohingya communities and the government needed to exchange dialogue for a long-term resolution. That is not really a problem which the international community can solve, he said. A process which involves unity and leaders from both sides needs to be established where people can express their concerns and priorities. He said that the British ambassador to Myanmar, Mr Andrew Heyn, had urged President U Thein Sein to do everything possible to prevent further conflict in Rakhine State when they met in Nay Pyi Taw on June 12 for the visit of the Peace Donor Support Group. He said the Rakhine State conflict was another challenge for President U Thein Sein, noting it came on the heels of almost one year of fighting in Kachin State. The Rakhine issue is grave the loss of lives. But the big picture is we believe this country is taking a new direction which is the right direction to a better future for the people here. And we are determined to support that process. DFID provides assistance to Rakhine State indirectly through United Nations agencies, international non-government organisations and local groups.


MyanMar tiMes June 18 - 24, 2012
have spread in Buthidaung, Maungdaw and Sittwe. We need to stabilise the situation in time so it does not spread to other places. We also request [the government] to protect our people and give enough assistance for those living in refugee camps. The ALD was supported at the press conference by the National League for Democracy, Rakhine National Development Party, All Mon Regions Democracy Party, Zomi National Congress and 88 Generation students group. U Khun Htun Oo, chairman of the Shan National League for Democracy, agreed it was very important that the violence did not spread to other states and regions. All agreed a border strategy management plan was needed for the security of people living in all of the nations border areas. 88 Generation leader U Ko Ko Gyi urged people to stay calm and avoid public protests over the conflict. He criticised foreign media who he said had unfairly accused Myanmar people of not treating Rohingya fairly. Some people from outside are saying now there is no territory in the world [for the Rohingya] and this is a humanitarian issue, he said. We help people who are in trouble as refugees with humanity. But it is does not mean that we accept people to be citizens without verifying [their background] to protect the interests of our citizens.

United response needed: parties

By Ei Ei Toe Lwin LEADING political parties have urged all stakeholders to work together to end the sectarian conflict in Rakhine State peacefully and ensure the violence does not spread to other regions of the country. Speaki n g a t a p r e s s conference at Doe Yoe Yar restaurant in Bahan township on June 11, U Aye Thar Aung, chairman of the Arakan League for Democracy (ALD), said Myanmar citizens needed to resolve the conflict with unity. Burned and destroyed homes in Nar Zi village near Sittwe on June 14. Pic: Boothee

no There is this guarantee situation will not happen again in the future. We request all to these riots immediately.

US embassy meets Islamic, Rakhine leaders

By Zaw Win Than THE United States embassy in Yangon last week held separate meetings with representatives of Muslim organisations and a leading Rakhine political party to urge all sides to refrain from violence. US charg daffaires Mr Michael Thurston reiterated that the US was deeply concerned about the recent unrest in Rakhine State in the June 14 meetings. The most important thing now is that all sides remain calm. Further dialogue is needed. And dialogue can only occur when there is calm, Mr Thurston said in a statement released the same day. Mr Thurston noted that many communities in Rakhine State were suffering and recommended that any public demonstrations on the issue be conducted peacefully. The US has offered assistance to the authorities in Nay Pyi Taw as they work to assist those who have been affected by the violence, he said. He also said the embassy had encouraged the Myanmar government to pursue an investigation that respects due process and the rule of law in an expeditious and transparent manner. Representatives from the All Myanmar Moulvi Organisation, Ulama Islam Academicians League, Islamic Religious Affairs Council, Myanmar Muslim Youths Religious Organisation, Myanmar Muslim National League attended one meeting, while Dr Aye Maung from the Rakhine Nationalities Development Party and Rakhine community leader U Thein Shwe attended the other.

We expect that this dangerous situation will happen because weve had many experiences like this in the past, U Aye Thar Aung said, referring to previous ethnicity-based conflicts in Rakhine State. There is no guarantee this situation will not happen again in the future. We request all to stop these riots immediately. Now they

State of emergency declared

PRESIDENT U Thein Sein last week declared a state of emergency in Rakhine State for the security of the people and community peace following sectarian violence in the region. The decision, announced on June 10, effectively gives the military control over administrative functions in the state. U Thein Sein warned that if violence in Rakhine State spread it could put the countrys transition towards democracy in danger. The situation could deteriorate and could be extended beyond Rakhine State if we are terrorising and killing each other with such sectarianism, endless hatred, the desire of vengeance and anarchy. I would like you all to realise how seriously it would damage stability, democratisation process and national development of our country in transition period, U Thein Sein said. He said the government would take action against lawbreakers and reiterated that the government would attach greater importance to the rule of law. Zaw Win Than

June 18 - 24, 2012
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Web users vent rage over Rakhine unrest

By Kelly Macnamara BANGKOK Bitter enmity at the heart of communal unrest in Rakhine State has spilled online, with incendiary posts on social media sites reflecting deeprooted hostilities in the region, experts said. Several days of deadly violence have seen the government declare a state of emergency in Rakhine State, and talk of the clashes has lit up social networking websites like Twitter and Facebook. A wide spectrum of opinion has been aired by web users embracing new freedoms on the internet, which was tightly controlled under years of authoritarian military rule that ended last year. But experts say the level of vitriol stirred up by the rioting has reached worrying levels. Recent events in western Burma have created a hurricane of hate in the online sphere, Nicholas Farrelly, a research fellow at the Australian National University, said. Tragically, contested accounts of the clashes provide fuel for hardliners on both sides. Much malice has been targeted at the Rohingya, considered by the UN to be one of the worlds most persecuted minorities, who number around 800,000 in Rakhine and are part of a larger Muslim community there. They have long been viewed as foreign by the Myanmar government and many Burmese. They have a mutually suspicious relationship with many ethnic Rakhine, who are mostly Buddhist and view the Rohingya as illegal immigrants from neighbouring Bangladesh. Violent rhetoric and rumour have proliferated online, particularly on web comment boards. Similar language has been used by those supporting the Rohingya, with has emanated from the unrest-hit area, where internet access is limited. The very low levels of Internet penetration in Myanmar make it unlikely that this online racist rhetoric has been driving the spread of the violence, said a report by the International Crisis Group on June 12. But the disturbing views posted widely online are reflective of the view of people on the ground, it said, urging the government not to resort to internet censorship, but to allow open reporting from local media to provide balance. According to Jan Zalewski, an analyst with the IHS Global Insight research group, the boundaries between antiRohingya sentiment and anti-Muslim sentiment are increasingly blurring. The risk of propaganda translating into violent action is increased, he wrote, because after years of restrictions on the internet and media, there is too little awareness now about the dangers of a free-for-all of information. The United Nations has evacuated most international staff from northern Rakhine State, where the Rohingya are concentrated. AFP reporters have been unable to visit many of the affected areas for security reasons. The Burmese public are believing one side of the story, which is that Rohingya are not Burmese, are not citizens and are just Bengali settlers trying to take their land, said Phil Robertson, of New Yorkbased Human Rights Watch. AFP

the On both sides ofthose conflict there are who could benefit from precipitating clashes.

one widely distributed email seen by AFP accusing Buddhist fanatics of atrocities. On both sides of the conflict there are those who could benefit from precipitating clashes, said Dr Farrelly. He said some Buddhist hardliners could be seeking to purge the Rohingya from Myanmar, with some on the Rohingya side possibly keen to draw greater attention to their situation in Myanmar. It is unclear how much of the vitriol

Bangladesh stands by refusal

DHAKA Bangladesh refused last week to open its border to Rohingya Muslims fleeing communal violence in Myanmar despite pressure from the United States and rights groups. The impoverished South Asian country, already home to a Rohingya refugee population estimated at 300,000, turned away more migrants on June 14 and has sealed its 200kilometre (125-mile) border with Myanmar. At least 17 boats carrying nearly 700 Rohingya have been turned back on the Naf river that separates the countries since June 11 in the wake of violence between Rakhine and Rohingya known in Myanmar as Bengali Muslims that killed dozens in northern Rakhine State. Bangladesh Foreign Minister Dipu Moni told parliament on June 14 that Dhaka was not obligated to host refugees from Myanmar, saying Bangladesh had not signed any international conventions, laws or norms on refugees. Some international From page 1 I want to tell them it will not be proper to make this type of request to us. The United States on June 13 urged Bangladesh to allow in the Rohingya, described by the United Nations as one of the worlds most persecuted minorities. We are concerned that Bangladeshi authorities appear to have intercepted and turned back persons fleeing the ethnic and religious violence in Burma, State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said. Ms Nuland said the US had urged Bangladesh to respect its international obligations under the relevant refugee conventions and to continue its longstanding policy of nonrefoulement of refugees. Non-refoulement refers to a principle of international law that forbids turning over a victim of persecution to his or her persecutor. The UN Refugee Agency and New York-based Human Rights Watch have also called on Dhaka to open its border. AFP

Bangladeshi Border Guard personnel keep watch in Taknaf on June 12 following violence in neighbouring Myanmar. Pic: AFP organisations, some international NGOs and some friendly nations have requested us so that we open our border to allow their [Rohingya refugees] unrestricted entry into our country, she said.

Rakhine State violence

Speaking in Geneva where she began a historic trip to Europe her first since 1988 opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi stressed the need for rule of law when asked about the sectarian unrest. She told reporters: Without the rule of law such communal strife will only continue. About 800,000 Rohingya live in Myanmar, according to the UN, mostly in northern Rakhine State. An uneasy calm has now returned to central Sittwe, which is under a duskto-dawn curfew. A United Nations team witnessed the devastation on a two-day visit to the region, saying that around 10,000 displaced people were sheltering in

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Sittwe alone. It has come to the attention of the UN that the extent of the destruction of both the Rakhine and Islamic community in Sittwe is very large. These people are facing immense hardship, it said in a statement late on June 15. Pledging help for the affected area, UN special adviser Vijay Nambiar urged Myanmar to carry out a full, impartial and credible probe into the clashes. The shells of torched houses dot Sittwes streets, an AFP reporter in a predominantly Muslim village on the outskirts of city said late on June 15, adding that thousands of displaced people are sheltering from monsoon rains in tents. We want to go back to our place to stay back with our family, our children,

said U Hla Myint, a 56-year-old Muslim leader in Sittwe. Mr Tomas Ojea Quintana, the UNs special rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, has urged the reformist government to tackle the root cause of discrimination against Muslim Rohingya living in the strife-hit region. The underlying tensions that stem from discrimination against ethnic and religious minorities pose a threat to Myanmars democratic transition and stability, he said in a statement released late on June 13 in Geneva. I urge all sides to exercise restraint, respect the law and refrain from violence. President U Thein Sein on June 10 imposed a state of emergency in Rakhine State over the unrest, seen as a major test for his government. AFP


MyanMar tiMes June 18 - 24, 2012
for serious efforts to achieve national reconciliation in Burma. We urge the people of Burma to work together toward a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic country that respects the rights of all its diverse peoples, she added. The European Unions high representative Catherine Ashton said in a statement on June 13 that her thoughts were with the families of the victims of that senseless violence. She said she trusted that all parties could find a peaceful and constructive way forward for all the people of Rakhine State. The EU has repeatedly made it clear that supporting ethnic peace is a top priority for the union. We welcome the priority which the Myanmar government is giving to dealing with all ethnic conflicts. We very much welcome the measured response reflected in the presidents [June 10] statement, she said. Human Rights Watch urged the government to grant prompt access to the region to foreign journalists, aid workers and diplomats. Deadly violence in Arakan State is spiraling out of control under the governments watch, Elaine Pearson, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch, said in a June 12 statement. Opening the area to independent international observers would put all sides on notice that they were being closely watched. The Brussels-based International Crisis Group said the same day that a failure to properly halt the violence and address its

US, EU urge peaceful resolution

By Zaw Win Than BOTH the United States and European Union expressed deep concern over violence in Rakhine State and urged a peaceful resolution to the crisis, which has seen a state of emergency declared in the region. The United States continues to be deeply concerned about reports of ongoing ethnic and sectarian violence in western Burmas Rakhine State and urges all parties to exercise restraint and immediately halt all attacks. The Burmese government has announced a State of Emergency and curfews in Rakhine State, but reports of violence continue, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in a statement on June 11. We join others in the international community and call on authorities to work with local leaders together with Muslim, Buddhist, and ethnic representatives, including Rohingya to halt the ongoing violence, begin a dialogue toward a peaceful resolution, and ensure an expeditious and transparent investigation into these incidents that respects due process and the rule of law, said Clinton. She said the United States welcomed Myanmars recent reform efforts and the important steps President U Thein Sein, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, and other leaders inside and outside of the government have taken. The situation in Rakhine State underscores the critical need for mutual respect among all ethnic and religious groups and

Police on patrol in Sittwe on June 15. Pic: Boothee underlying causes could affect the countrys reform efforts. How the government handles this case will be a major test of the police and courts in a country that has just begun to emerge from an authoritarian past. It will also test the governemnts will and capacity to reverse a longstanding policy of discrimination toward the Muslim Rohingya group, the group said. The ICG also warned against the indefinite imposition of martial law, a measure declared by President U Thein Sein on June 10, and recommended that when the situation stabilises experienced civil society groups be permitted to work in the region with a view to encouraging the two communities to work together for mutual benefit. The government should develop and implement a range of programs to reduce tensions between the two communities. Top priority should be given to the repeal of discriminatory laws and regulations and a transparent, prompt investigation into the causes of the current violence the legitimate and longstanding grievances of all minority communities need to be better heard.

Struggle continues for Kachin IDPs, one year on

LAIZA A gathering of worshippers is singing in a whitebrick church in the town of Laiza in Kachin State, near Myanmars border with China, but it is not a day of celebration. They are commemorating those who have died since fighting broke out on June 9, 2011, when a 17-year ceasefire between the government and the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), who have been fighting for greater a utonomy f o r th e p a s t fi v e decades, collapsed. Sporadic attacks have continued over the past 12 months and the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has risen, aid workers say. More than 6500 civilians now live in makeshift bamboo huts in Je Yang, one of the states largest IDP camps, surviving on basic rations supplied by the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO), the political wing of the KIA, and an umbrella network of local donor and community groups. UN figures put the total number of IDPs in Kachin State at over 62,000, including 24,000 in government-controlled areas, and close to 40,000 in KIA-controlled areas. More than 7000 displaced people are also estimated to have fled across the border into China. 64, leader of the sprawling Je Yang camp. At the camps nearby medical centre, head doctor Sau Myaw, a paediatric specialist recently transferred from the main hospital in Laiza, treats an elderly man, while her co-workers prescribe medicine for another queue of people. We have 12 medical staff at our clinic but we are very busy, getting 50 or 60 patients a day. Right now we are facing a shortage of medicines, and a lot of older people are getting sick because of the adverse conditions here. The education of thousands of displaced children is another casualty of the year of renewed conflict. A bamboo-framed school built in 2011 was torn apart by a tropical storm in March 2012, leaving children without classrooms or other facilities, and removing an important focal point in their already disrupted lives. A new brick school is being constructed, with the hope that the children will soon be enrolled. The government in Laiza has announced that all families in KIO-controlled areas are now exempt from school fees. There are just 40 teachers for about 1700 students at the camp. Assistant head teacher Mi Tung Roi Jay, 27, fled her village of Gan Dawn Yang in July 2011 when she heard heavy artillery shelling in a neighbouring village. Last October [2011], during the school break, I went back to my village but all the cows and pigs that we had been caring for were gone, she said. South of Laiza, near Mai Ja Yang, another town on Myanmars border with China, there are more than 13,000 displaced civilians in four camps where supplies are also running low, according to Wun Pawng Ninghtoi (WPN) Light of Kachin a volunteer group comprising eight local NGOs and charity groups. Access to international aid is slow and only a small number of UN convoys have been allowed into the region since March 2012. At the moment we have more than 40 volunteers working hard to aid the IDPs, and our biggest concern right now is food supplies, said Hkaw Lwi of WPN. The group is also in urgent need of mosquito nets. We are very worried that there will be many cases of malaria with the oncoming rainy season. Both sides have continued military operations despite a call by President U Thein Sein that the army should cease attacks on the KIA, and only fire in selfdefence. IRIN Related report page 11

A doctor treats an elderly patient at Je Yang. Pic: Steve Sandford/IRIN KIO officials quote slightly higher figures, but it is difficult to determine the exact numbers as many IDPs are staying with relatives or are in unofficial camps in Kachin State. Aid workers say transporting and putting in place adequate relief supplies are a major source of concern. Assistance for the displaced in governmentcontrolled areas is more regular, but remains in short supply to those in KIA-controlled areas. Only a handful of Myanmar NGOs and community-based groups manage to work on both sides of the conflict. We received two truckloads of supplies from UNHCR [the UN Refugee Agency] in December [2011], but there were only 300 family kits [consisting of a mosquito net, kitchen utensils, a blanket and a tarpaulin], so we had to split up the items and most of the families went without any extra aid, said Seng Jatdu,


MyanMar tiMes June 18 - 24, 2012

The Lady needs to tread more carefully

TWO weeks ago, AsiAn Focus Daw Aung San Suu Kyi returned home after visiting Bangkok to with Roger Mitton address the World Economic Forum. It was her first trip abroad for 24 years and it did not turn out well. Like a kind of serene Mrs Bean, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi managed to upset her Thai hosts, her government back in Myanmar, the entire press corps, and even some of her own people. The cause of it all was a simple lack of proper planning. It was best described in the International Herald Tribune, a liberal democratic publication that would normally eschew saying anything negative about The Lady. But on this occasion, its headline was apt: Amid Disorganisation, Aung San Suu Kyi Visits Thailand. The article related how, despite global excitement about her trip, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi had, upon arrival, snubbed waiting journalists and photographers and rapidly left the airport without speaking. Things went downhill from there. No one from her National League for Democracy had bothered to inform the Thai Foreign Ministry or the security services about her trip. That caused major headaches, particularly over her plan to travel out of Bangkok to a refugee camp in Tak Province on the northwest border, where ethnic minorities are sheltered. Knowing the area is prone to sporadic violence and permission to visit is restricted, provincial officials were dumbfounded not to receive any prior request from her team to go there. Somehow, on her final day, a scrambled excursion to the Mae La camp was arranged, but it was also something of a slipshod affair. Only a small number of refugees got to see Suu Kyi, who was unable to address them or visit a nearby clinic, and once again journalists were sidelined. As the IHT noted: Ms Aung San Suu Kyis style might be described as spontaneous. Or just chaotic. President U Thein Sein, who had also agreed to address the economic forum, changed his mind when he belatedly learned that Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was going and would get top billing. Frankly, it was pretty daft of both Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the WEF to arrange things like this and not tell U Thein Sein about it. Imagine what would happen if Cambodias Prime Minister Hun Sen had agreed to go and speak, and then suddenly heard that Sam Rainsy was giving the keynote address. President U Thein Sein rightly stiffed the forum. Well, perhaps we should not be too harsh, after all she and her party were treated despicably over the past two decades and cannot be expected to suddenly start functioning like an efficient, long-established organisation. That said, her speech in Bangkok about the absence of the rule of law in Myanmar and her call for healthy skepticism toward U Thein Seins reforms, was either nave caprice or plain stupidity. Okay, she was correct when she said: We do not have a clean and independent judicial system. But then, with the arguable exception of Singapore, neither does anywhere else in ASEAN. After she returned home, statements were issued saying that the flood of articles about how her trip had damaged relations with Thailand and upset her own government were quite wrong. Well, sure, of course, they were. That was confirmed when the New Light of Myanmar, a state-owned rag which parrots government opinion, reported that the rapport between Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and U Thein Sein could vanish. It went on to state that anxieties had arisen after her trip and it chided her for making negative comments to potential investors. Certainly, she will need to be more careful on her European trip, which started on June 13.

In Depth

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi delivers her Nobel speech at Oslos City Hall on June 16. Pic: AFP

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi vows reconciliation in Nobel speech

OSLO Daw Aung San Suu Kyi last week pledged to keep up her struggle for democracy as she finally delivered her Nobel Peace Prize speech, 21 years after winning the award while under house arrest. After a year that has seen sweeping changes in Myanmar, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on June 16 pledged to work for national reconciliation but also pointed to remaining political prisoners and continued ethnic strife in her country. My party, the National League for Democracy, and I stand ready and willing to play any role in the process of national reconciliation, said Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, delivering her speech in Oslo for the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize. Wearing a flower in her hair, a sarong and a purple silk scarf, she looked emotional as she received a thunderous standing ovation in the cavernous Oslo City Hall, packed with dignitaries, royals and Myanmar exiles. The veteran activist also said she encouraged cautious optimism in her countrys transition from military rule towards democracy under the quasicivilian government of President U Thein Sein. If I advocate cautious optimism it is not because I do not have faith in the future but because I do not want to encourage blind faith, she said. Although the government has signed ceasefires with scores of ethnic rebel groups, she pointed to continued bloodshed conflict with the Kachin Independence Army and communal unrest between Rakhine and Rohingya groups. Hostilities have not ceased in the far north. To the west, communal violence resulting in arson and murder were taking place just several days before I started out on the journey that has brought me here today, she said. When Daw Aung San Suu Kyi won the honour in 1991, she could not accept it in person, fearing she would be blocked from returning to the country also called Burma where The Lady had become a potent symbol of non-violent defiance. Her husband Michael Aris and their two sons, Kim and Alexander, accepted the award on her behalf. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said that often during my days of house arrest it felt as though I were no longer a part of the real world. For me receiving the Nobel Peace Prize means personally extending my concerns for democracy and human rights beyond national borders, said Suu Kyi. The Nobel Peace Prize opened up a door in my heart. Last week, back in Europe for the first time in 24 years, Western supporters and Burmese exiles cheered her along a whirlwind tour that started in Switzerland and will also take her to Britain, Ireland and France. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi called for the release of the countrys remaining prisoners of conscience, warning of the risk that the unknown ones will be forgotten. Saying that one prisoner of conscience is one too many, she urged the audience of her Nobel speech: Please remember them and do whatever is possible to effect their earliest, unconditional release. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said on June 15 that she was on a journey of rediscovery and discovery, seeing the world with new eyes. She thanked all lovers of freedom and justice who contributed towards a global awareness of our situation, telling her audience it was because of recent changes in my country that I am with you today. AFP Related report page 9

Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session to convene July 4

By Win Ko Ko Latt HLUTTAW representatives from the National League for Democracy will get their first opportunity to make an impact on parliamentary politics when the fourth session of the national legislatures begins on July 4. Representatives, who have been informed to report to the hluttaw office in Nay Pyi Taw no later than July 3, said they expected the conflict in Rakhine State would be discussed at the session, along with land rights and labour issues. I received an invitation. We still have to discuss what our partys agenda will be for the hluttaw session, said Dr Aye Maung, chairman of the Rakhine Nationalities Development Party. Dr Aye Maung said his party was likely to focus on the recent conflict in Rakhine State and related issues such as immigration and citizenship. U Min Thu, the NLD representative for Ottarathiri in Nay Pyi Taw, said his party planned to begin working on the issues raised by constituents during the byelection campaign, particularly rule of law. He said the NLD would prepare motions and questions, which need to be submitted 15 and 10 days ahead in advance respectively, in coordination with its representatives and outside experts. U Kyi Myint, the Pyithu Hluttaw representative for Latha, said he expected many bills to be submitted during the fourth session. Draft laws submitted during the third session but not yet approved, including the foreign investment bill and environmental conservation bill, will also be finalised. Both the Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw sessions will start at 10am on July 4, while the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw will convene at 1pm the same day. Translated by Thit Lwin

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Press councils: the Indonesian experience

By Andreas Harsono AS Myanmar moves to institute a press council to replace previous systems of media control, regional perspectives could provide some salient lessons. I have been a journalist in Indonesia for more than 20 years and have seen our media environment change from authoritarian to greater openness. When President Suharto stepped down from power in May 1998, hundreds of previously underground journalists emerged to push for the reform of Indonesias press law. One of their primary goals was to replace the statesanctioned journalist association with an independent press council. With careful compromise, members of a formerly illegal journalist association did something minister of information. President Habibie inaugurated Indonesias new press council in April 2000 with nine councillors three represent journalists, three represent media owners and three represent the public who in turn elected Atmakusumah Astraatmadja, a lecturer of journalism, to be their chairman. When Muslim scholar Abdurrahman Wahid won the 2000 election and succeeded Habibie, he took the council a step further and disbanded the Ministry of Information altogether. President Wahid said a democratic state does not need censorship. He supported the press council and turned it into a complaints mechanism, enabling it to adjudicate complaints from the public. The mechanism began with the establishment of a committee to select the first councillors under the revised system. Within a few months, more than 20 new journalist and publisher associations emerged to nominate candidates. In 2003, the press council evolved again when it voted that its chairperson would be a nonmedia person the idea being that a member of the public, rather than a journalist or publisher, would be more independent. The chairmanship has since been held by a retired college president and a retired chairman of Indonesias Supreme Court. According to the press council, it has gradually resolved more media disputes, from 101 cases in 2003 to 207 in 2006 and 511 in 2011. Today, it receives an estimated three complaints a week, mostly involving allegations of unbalanced coverage, unreliable sources, breaches of privacy, indecency, blackmail, racism and perceived insults. The council says 97 percent of the cases have reached amicable solutions. Moreover, a degree of transparency is found on the councils own website, which reports on the substance of complaints and identifies the parties involved. But attacks on free speech persist because a number of problematic laws remain on the books. Influential persons usually enlist the police not

Children watch from the window of their house along the Barito river in Central Kalimantan province on Indonesias Borneo island on June 4. Pic: AFP the press council to resolve disputes, and that typically means harassing or intimidating journalists. These laws, such as restrictive internet legislation and criminal defamation provisions, enable these powerful figures, including public officials, to bring criminal charges against activists, journalists, consumers and others who criticise them. For instance, in 2009 a housewife was jailed for three weeks and spent over 12 months in the criminal justice process simply for sending a message to friends on Facebook complaining about medical treatment. In another case, a newspaper columnist was convicted of defamation in 2008 and given a suspended prison sentence for writing an opinion column that criticised the Indonesian attorney generals decision to ban a high school history textbook. Criminal defamation investigations and prosecutions can have a dramatic impact on the lives of those accused. Some of those charged with defamation lost their jobs and had difficulty finding more work. Others suffered professional setbacks while they endured lengthy prosecutions, some of which lasted for years. Some reported that their personal and professional relationships were strained by the stigma of prosecution or conviction. In December 2008, the Supreme Court issued a circular recommending Indonesian courts seek expert testimonies from the press council when handling defamation trials. In February 2012, the press council signed an agreement with the national police, in which the police agreed to forward any press-related defamation complaints to the press council. We cannot repeal the defamation articles but we try to minimise the damages, said Atmakusumah Astraatmadja. Its been 12 years since the postSuharto press council was born. If there is a lesson for Myanmar from Indonesia, it is that while a genuinely independent press council can be an important tool to help establish and protect a free press, it is not a silver bullet. Parliament must be vigilant to repeal repressive criminal defamation laws and pass legislation that will align the country with international human rights standards on freedom of expression and press freedom. (Andreas Harsono, Human Rights Watchs Indonesia researcher, helped set up the Alliance of Independent Journalists and the Institute for the Studies on Free Flow of Information in Jakarta, involved in writing the 1999 Press Law.)

on free Attackspersist speech because a number of problematic laws remain on the books.

previously unthinkable: they formed a coalition with members of the state-sponsored Indonesian Journalists Association to rewrite the law and create a self-regulatory body to mediate media disputes. In September 1999, when BJ Habibie succeeded Suharto as president, he promulgated a new press law that expanded press freedom and safeguarded freedom of expression. The Press Law prohibits the government from banning any newspaper, protects freedom of association, including the formation of journalist unions, and led to the establishment of an independent press council. Government officials cannot sit on the nine-member body. It contrasts sharply with Suhartos press council, set up in 1968 and later amended through the 1983 Press Law, which was always chaired by the governments

How are press complaints resolved in Indonesia?

First: Settlement through the right of reply. It gives individuals or groups the opportunity to present versions that differ from the printed or broadcast reports. This is the shortest, most practicable and least expensive channel. The right of reply is guaranteed by law. Second: Settlement through the press council. If the two sides are unable to reach an agreement, they can request the press council to mediate. This requires more time probably several weeks or months, depending on the case. Third: Settlement through legal channels. When one or both sides are not satisfied with the decision of the press council, or one side or both do not wish to apply to the press council for a settlement, they can go through the courts.

Rio conference must create new model for global economy

By Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations THIS week, world leaders gather for a momentous occasion the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro. Will it be a success? In my opinion, yes. To be sure, the negotiations have been lengthy. Even now there is more disagreement than agreement on the details of the so-called outcome document that will emerge. Yet that will not be the defining measure. Far more important is what the Rio conference has already accomplished. And that is to build a global movement for change. Rio+20 is a milestone on a long road. The famous 1992 Earth Summit put sustainable development on the global agenda. Today, we have come to a broader and more nuanced understanding of this ageold imperative: how to better balance the development needs of a growing world population so that all may enjoy the fruits of prosperity and robust economic growth with the necessity of conserving our planets most precious resources: land, air and water. At Rio, more than 100 heads of state and government will join an estimated 25,000 participants to map our way ahead. For too long we have sought to burn and consume our way to prosperity. That model is dead. At Rio, we must begin to create a new one a model for a 21st century economy that rejects the myth that there must be a zero-sum tradeoff between growth and the environment. Increasingly, we understand that, with smart public policies, governments can grow their economies, alleviate poverty, create decent jobs and accelerate social progress in a way that respects the earths finite natural resources. In this larger sense, I believe that momentum for change is already irreversible. The evidence is all around, hiding in plain sight in countries large and small, rich and poor. Governments and nationstates are not alone in driving this transformation. At Rio, more than 1000 corporate leaders from all continents will deliver a common message: business as usual no longer works. Many are members of the United Nations Global Compact volunteers in a growing private-sector movement that understands that 21st-century corporate responsibility means corporate sustainability. Energy will be a major focus at Rio. I call it the golden thread that connects the dots to a sustainable future the key driver for development, social inclusion and environmental protection, including climate change. That is why, in 2011, I established an initiative called Sustainable Energy for All. Our aim: to ensure universal access to modern energy services for the one in five people worldwide who lack them; to reduce energy waste by doubling energy efficiency; and to double the share of renewables in the global energy mix. Sustainable Energy for All is the partnership model of the future. The principle is simple but powerful: the United Nations uses its unrivalled convening power to bring all relevant actors to the table so they can work in common cause for the common good. At bottom, this is what Rio+20 is all about. Yes, the negotiations themselves are very important. Agreements that can be committed to paper today will shape the debates of tomorrow. But Rio+20 goes beyond that. It is the expression of a dynamic global movement for change and a big step forward toward the future we want. UNIC Yangon Related report page 30


MyanMar tiMes June 18 - 24, 2012

Daw Suu calls for investment

FDI needs to create jobs and should be 'democracy friendly', NLD leader tells ILO conference
BERN Daw Aung San Suu Kyi made a call for international investment on the first day of a landmark European tour on June 14, but cut short her engagements in the Swiss capital due to exhaustion. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who is on her first visit to Europe in 24 years, apologised after vomiting during a press conference in Bern, saying she was totally exhausted from travelling. I am not used to the time difference, she told reporters after holding talks with Swiss Foreign Minister Didier Burkhalter. A ministry spokesman later said Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was resting at her hotel after making a brief appearance at a reception in her honour but that a dinner with Swiss government officials was cancelled. The Nobel peace laureate, who is about to turn 67, flew to Geneva late on June 13 and embarked on a full day of public engagements the following day. Before travelling to Bern, the veteran activist gave a speech at the UN to a conference of the International Labour Organisation, calling for democracy friendly investment in her impoverished country and a political settlement to end ethnic bloodshed. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who arrived at the UN offices in Geneva to flowers and applause, also appealed for investment to

Total a responsible investor: NLD leader

GENEVA Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said last week that French oil giant Total was a responsible investor in Myanmar and should continue to operate here. I find that Total is a responsible investor ... it is sensitive to human rights, she told reporters in Geneva on June 14, on her first visit to Europe in 24 years. Asked about Totals and US Chevrons involvement in Myanmar, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi spoke of previous concerns about their support for the countrys past military rulers. But she said that this was in the past and that she was not going to persuade Total or Chevron to pull out of Myanmar, especially when there was such a need for democracy-friendly investment. The veteran activist made her comments during a press conference after addressing delegates at the International Labour Organisation conference on the need for foreign investment. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi arrived in Switzerland on June 13 on the first leg of a landmark European tour that will see her personally accept her 1991 Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo. She has not visited Europe since 1988 after years under house arrest. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi set strict criteria for international investment in her ILO address, calling for greater transparency and accountability in the energy sector. She singled out the stateowned Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) for alleged failures in both areas, and said the Myanmar government should apply internationally recognised standards of good practice to MOGEs dealings with foreign investors. Other countries could help by not allowing their own companies to partner MOGE unless it was signed up to such codes, she added. Switzerland is the first stop on a tour of more than two weeks that will take her to Norway, Britain, France and Ireland. AFP

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi speaks at a press conference in Bern, Switzerland, on June 14. Pic: AFP create jobs and training for young people. Its not so much joblessness as hopelessness that threatens our future, she said. Unemployed youth lose confidence in the society that has failed to give them the chance to realise their potential, she added. Foreign direct investment that results in job creation should be invited. She urged coordinated social, political and economic policies that will put our country once again on the map of the positive and the successful. She told the ILO delegates she was profoundly moved by the totally unexpected, very warm welcome she had received at the start of her tour. The ILO, the UN agency which draws up and monitors international labour standards, has sought for years to rid Myanmar of forced labour, which it says is widespread. In March the government signed an action plan to eliminate it outright by 2015. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was scheduled to visit the Swiss parliament on June 15 at 8:30am, bringing her visit to the country to a close. She is then due to head to Oslo where she will formally accept her 1991 Nobel Peace Prize. Later in the trip Daw Aung San Suu Kyi will address Britains parliament and receive an Amnesty International human rights award in Dublin from rock star Bono, followed by a stop in France. Her visit marks a new milestone

Unemployed youth lose confidence in the

society that has failed to give them the chance to realise their potential.

in the political changes that have swept her country since decades of military rule ended last year, ushering in a quasi-civilian government and giving her party seats in parliament. Much of the previous quartercentury she had been confined to her Yangon home on the orders of the ruling junta or afraid to leave the country in case she was barred from returning. AFP

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Farmers complain over gas pipeline

Pipeline company promises to investigate claims that uncompensated areas affected by pipeline construction
By Aye Sapay Phyu in Kyaukpyu FARMERS in Rakhine States Kyaukpyu township who own land near a Chinabacked natural gas pipeline say the construction of the project has damaged some of their fields, making it difficult to grow their crops. While the Chinese firm building the pipeline paid compensation for the land directly affected by the pipeline construction, farmers told The Myanmar Times late last month that the project had also impacted fields for which they were not paid compensation. The project is being built by South East Asia Gas Pipeline Co, a joint venture between China National Petroleum Corporation and Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise. The compensation was given to the villagers by township officials. Daw Hla Aye from Si Maw village, who owns about 3 acres in a valley bisected by the pipeline, said she was unable to grow paddy in any of her fields this year because of the construction work. When the earth was placed back into the trench that was dug for the pipeline, it created an embankment so the fields in the upstream area are like ponds. I accepted full compensation [of K2.54 million] for half an acre of land as well as some trees, such as tamarind and plum, that I was told were in the path of the project, she said. But we cant grow in the fields in the lower part of valley because of the digging up of the earth. While the earth has been backfilled in the area around Si Maw, the raised soil above the pipeline route spreads into low-lying fields when it rains, residents said. impossible to move their heavy machinery into this area and clear the earth. We cant hope for good production in a field that is covered in silt like that. He said authorities from the township administrative office had told him further compensation would be given if additional land was affected by the pipeline construction. However, like most of the farmers The Myanmar Times interviewed, U Aung San Kyaw said he had not approached township or company officials for additional compensation. All said they wanted to continue farming their land rather than receive compensation. U Kyauk Thee from Pyar Tel village said that he would need to spend a great deal of time and money to repair small embankments in his fields that were damaged during the digging of the trench for the pipeline. We accepted K1.5 million compensation for the area, about 1 acre, that was included in the project route, he said. But the embankments were destroyed How can I grow [paddy] in the field without water? I estimate that the production rate will also be down because of the earth that was dug up and left in the fields, he said. Farmers from Hnan Phal Taung village said they were expecting farmland near the pipeline route could be

If there is more rain, it

will become impossible to move their heavy machinery and clear the earth.

Daw Hla Aye (front) from Si Maw village in Kyaukpyu township, Rakhine State, next to a natural gas pipeline that bisects her farmland. Pic: Juliet Shwe Gaung damaged in coming months, as heavy rainfall washes even more soil dug up to lay the pipeline over the fertile fields. Now it is time to grow [paddy] but [the company] hasnt filled back the trench yet in some areas. The earth is still piled in the fields, U Hla Shwe, who owns about two acres in Hnan Phal Taung village, said on May 22. It will greatly interrupt the growing process in the fields, especially in lowlying areas. The earth will flow with the streams along the valley and flood the fields in the lower-lying areas. Because of this we worry that we will lose everything, he said. About 6 inches is fertile topsoil. But various kinds of soil are included in the earth that was dug of for the pipeline. The quality of the original soil will decrease if they mix it with the earth that was dug up. It will also be hard for cows to walk in that soil and difficult for us to adjust the water level. A spokesperson for the Friendship Association for the Myanmar-China Pipeline Project, a group established by the companies building the natural gas pipeline and an associated oil pipeline to communicate with the media, said the complaints were being investigated and steps would be taken to address them. Project officials reported that backfill of the mentioned areas has been completed, the spokesperson said. They but the environmental super vision [company ] shall revisit the pipeline route regularly to solve the problems as a part of the water and earth protection process, the spokesperson said in an email last week. Extra soil and stones that cant be backfilled into the original place would be put into a special [designated] area for soil and stones (those areas have been approved by the government and the land have been fully compensated). If the complaints are verified, the pipeline owner and a supervision company hired to assess workplace and environmental safety associated with the project will assist the engineering, procurement and construction contractor in this case Punj Lloyd Limited to solve the problems, she said. She said that SouthEast Asia Gas Pipeline and South-East Asia Crude Oil Pipeline companies, which are co-owned by China National Petroleum Corporation and Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise, took environmental issues seriously.

U Aung San Kyaw, another farmer from Si Maw village, located about one hour south of Kyaukpyu, also said that more farmland had been affected than he was compensated for. The pile of soil [from the pipeline route] has spread over the fields and into other plots, he said. I asked the [construction company] to move this earth with their heavy machinery and they said they would help me but I havent seen them so far. If there is more rain, it will become

The will flow earththe with streams along the valley and flood the fields. We worry that we will lose everything.

have tried over the past week to meet the villagers who complained about the effects of the pipeline but had been unable due to the heavy rain. After the backfill, it will take some time for the soil to settle, so the huge rain may wash the soil into the uncompensated areas,


June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Groups unite for Kachin ceremony

Religious, ethnic leaders call for end to conflict on first anniversary of outbreak of fighting
By Ei Ei Toe Lwin RELIGIOUS and ethnic groups gathered last week for a prayer ceremony to mark the first anniversary of a resumption of fighting in Kachin State and call for an end to the conflict. The ceremony, organised by Kachin Peace Network (KPN) with the slogan Justice Guarantees Lasting Peace, drew about 1000 people to Doe Yoe Yar Restaurant in Yangon on June 9, including members of a range of political, civil society and non-government groups. Participants prayed for eternal peace in Kachin State and sung songs from various religions to show solidarity with those displaced by the fighting. A exhibition of photos showing the effects of the conflict also took place. Organisers said they wanted to use the ceremony to share the bitter experiences of the Kachin people and invite others to participate in activities designed to pressure both sides to end the civil war. Gods of four religious groups [Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity] taught all people to have good spirit, avoid bad manners and live in peace. If we cooperate together, the light of peace will glow more brightly, said U San Min Naing, a lecturer on Hinduism. Today I pray for people from both sides who have died on the battleground and also to helped manage refugee camps in Kachin State, said there was not enough funding to care for those displaced by the fighting and they lacked shelter, food and healthcare, particularly in areas near the China border. One third of that amount [80,000] is women and children. Thirty percent of those children cannot attend school. UNHCR estimated that US$22 million was needed per year for 40,000 [internally displaced persons] so $44 million is needed for 80,000. But in practice, there is only $16 million for those IDPs, said Daw Khun Ja, referring to the UN Refugee Agency. After one year, [temporary] shelters [for IDPs are] damaged because of the weather. Its now rainy season and measles is spreading in border camps. It is also important that all humanitarian assistance can reach the victims as easily as possible. Daw Khun Ja said the problems in Kachin State could not be solved by long-term humanitarian assistance. The civil war needed to end so that the IDPs could return to their homes and rebuild their livelihoods. Organisers said the Kachin had always participated in building the Union of Myanmar in the belief that a peace process would occur through the union system. The battles taking place today are the results of unsystematic political negotiations over many years under former governments that have severely damaged trust, KPN leaders said. Firstly, there is a need to rebuild trust; second is to undertake systematic negotiations to find the reasons for holding arms in order to get true and just peace, said Daw Nan Raw. National League for Democracy leader and Pyithu Hluttaw representative Daw Aung

Business owners march in Myitkyina

By Naw Say Phaw Waa ABOUT 500 people marched through Myitkyina last week to protest the governments decision to shut some gold and jade mining and logging operations as a result of ongoing conflict with the Kachin Independence Army, a participant said. The group, which included residents of Myitkyina, Mohnyin, Moegaung, Hopin, Namatee and Tani, called on the government to resolve the Kachin conflict and allow them to reopen their businesses, said U Cho, a gem dealer from Myitkyina who took part in the June 10 march. He said the government had closed the businesses for five months, starting from June 1, citing a lack of stability due to the ongoing conflict with the KIA. The rally came a day after the first anniversary of the conflict, which erupted following the breakdown of a 17-year ceasefire. The march began at the Manaw square in Bo Kyout Street and proceeded to Su Taung Pyae Pagoda, where the protesters dispersed at about 1pm. During the march they chanted slogans such as Be peaceful in Kachin State and May the bullets turn into peaceful flowers. While government officials didnt stop the protest, they took photos of participants, U Cho said.

If we cooperate together, the light

of peace will glow more brightly.

A woman receives a sticker urging an end to conflict at an event to mark the first anniversary of the outbreak of fighting in Kachin State on June 9. Pic: Boothee get real peace in the whole Kachin region. According to a KPN statement, about 2000 skirmishes between Tatmadaw and Kachin Independence Army soldiers have occurred over the past year, resulting in more than 80,000 people fleeing their homes. Daw Khun Ja, who has

San Suu Kyi sent a message to the ceremony to mark the anniversary, saying that she believed the conflicts could be ended permanently through political agreements based on justice. She added that she was proud that women are playing a leading role in the peace movement. U Min Ko Naing, one of the leaders of the 88 Generation students group, asked all present to contribute in the peace process so that justice prevailed in Kachin state. Lets cooperate together to achieve complete peace in our time, something that could not be realised before, he said.

Ministry of Information team visits Europe

DEPUTY Minister for Information U Soe Win last week led a ministry delegation to Scandinavian countries as part of its growing relationship with Norway-based Democratic Voice of Burma. The delegation, which also included U Win Maw from MRTV-4 and officials from the ministry and Shwe Than Lwin Media, met with journalists, politicians and members of parliament on the June 12-19 trip, the ministry and DVB said in a joint statement. The trip was conducted at the invitation of DVB and the main purpose was to learn about media-related issues, including ethics, laws, licensing, press councils, journalists unions and the role of media in a democratic society. The trip is the first major collaboration between the ministry and DVB, which has been broadcasting to audiences in Myanmar for almost two decades. Naw Say Phaw Waa

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Japan to give $20m aid for fuel, generators

TOKYO Japan agreed last week to provide up to 1.6 billion yen (US$20 million) in emergency grant aid to help Myanmar tackle its chronic power shortages, news reports said. The June 14 agreement came after U Htay Oo, general secretary of the dominant Union Solidarity and Development Party, met Japanese Foreign Minister Koichiro Gemba in Tokyo. U Htay Oo also met Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda later in the day. Japans aid is to be used for buying 16 diesel generators and fuel to help Myanmar deal with insufficient electricity supplies, Kyodo News reported. Myanmar, which depends on hydropower for about 70 percent of its electricity, has been carrying out a range of reforms and national reconciliation following the end of decades of outright military rule last year. The country is preparing for an economic resurgence and is attracting attention from firms all over the world seeking a piece of the potentially lucrative market, but its electricity supply woes are a major deterrent for investors. Tokyo has already announced plans to forgive about $3.7 billion of Myanmars debt and resume suspended aid as Japanese firms continue a push into the country. AFP

Govt should take lead on aid

By Thomas Kean and Nan Tin Htwe THE government needs to take the lead on aid coordination and lay out its priorities for assistance, representatives from the international donor community say. The call comes following an unprecedented meeting of organisations and agencies of 21 countries last month, at which participants agreed that close dialogue was needed with the government and other Myanmar stakeholders to ensure effective development cooperation, according to a summary of the event provided to The Myanmar Times. Mr Daniel Toole, regional director for the United Nations Childrens Fund, said the main point donors agreed on at last months donor meeting was that the government needs to lead the coordination process. It cant be individual donors or individual agencies it has to be government saying these are the priorities. We need to give our support to government, civil society and others to make sure the dreams and plans of Myanmar actually become a reality, he said. We want to coordinate, we dont want everyone working with different ideas. We want the government to say, here are the plans for education, health, infrastructure so donors come and say, We can help here. The meeting summary said donors also agreed on the need for inclusiveness in the development process, the importance of improving government capacity and accountability, and the need to link the provision of urgent capacity building support with the longerterm process of institution building. Donors will also support a government-led assessment of existing institutions, systems, and capacitybuilding needs, and seek to ensure that development programs do not just deliver services but also strengthen public institutions in a sustainable manner. The participants recognised that they face a rare opportunity to establish good practices at this early stage of expanding development cooperation, but that they must act on it with a sense of urgency and a spirit of common purpose, the summary said. The effort to coordinate aid will employ the framework of the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation, which emphasises national ownership of development priorities, a focus on results, inclusive development partnerships, and transparency and accountability. Mr Paul Whittingham, the head of the Myanmar office of the United Kingdoms Department for International Development, described the principals agreed on at the informal meeting, held on May 15-16, as a historic commitment. The ambition was to get everyone together for the first time to try and end up with some kind of public commitment to coordinate our aid and to put the government in the driving seat, he said in a recent interview. At this stage we felt the best thing we could do was to get ourselves together and agree on some common

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi visits a British-funded project in Pakokku township, Magwe Region on January 31. Pic: AFP principals [so that we could] talk with one voice to government and others about what we want to do, he said. Until weve really got our own houses in order there could be some conflicting messages. Were going to go to the government and use that as the basis for our discussion to understand what they want from us. We know they need to organise themselves and we know that efforts are underway to do that. These efforts include the holding of national conferences on topics such as health and education and, more recently, the formation of a National Economic and Social Advisory Council. Comprising senior policymakers, academics and other experts, it has been tasked with advising the government on its development strategy and priorities, and how aid can support those plans. Members of the council were unavailable for comment last week. While Myanmar in recent decades has been among the lowest recipients of aid per person in the developing world, significant increases are expected over the next few years, including support from international financial institutions such as the World Bank and Asian Development Bank. Mr Whittingham said international donors and the government had a golden opportunity to coordinate assistance before expected increases in aid start flowing. We have this golden opportunity to be disciplined and not overwhelm government and other national partners, he said. But he also emphasised the importance of quick wins aid that brings about immediate and tangible results. The reforms and improvements in this country are really concentrated at the top and they are remarkable but for the vast majority of ordinary people the impact of the reforms have not really been felt. So what we need to do with our help is to start investing in things that are tangible so that people can feel that their lives are getting better, he said. [They can] lock in support from a much broader range of people and thats how you maintain support from them. That buys you some time to do some of the analytical work to really find out what is needed in each sector and you can design a more considered sustainable program. However, the government also needs to improve the operating environment for donors and non-government organisations, he said. There has been a narrowing of the humanitarian space in certain areas, for example Kachin [State], and its still difficult to get visas and access. We need to see some of the political goodwill translated into practical change on the ground. I can also understand that with all this talk of new money pouring in and particularly helping the government that NGOs might feel threatened with that.0 We want to work with all stakeholders and the increase in aid should be seen as a positive thing, not a threat. I dont see it as a zero-sum game because the overall pot should be increasing.

Trade Mark CauTion

NOTICE is hereby given that FiMadeX a company duly organized under the Laws of France and having its principal office at 29 Rue Marcel Dassault - 92100 Boulogne Billancourt France is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following three trademarks:-

Trade Mark CauTion

NOTICE is hereby given that Vifor (international) inc. a company organized under the laws of Switzerland and having its principal office at Rechenstrasse 37, 9014 St., Gallen, Switzerland is owner and sole proprietor of the following trademarks:-

Trade Mark CauTion

Notice is hereby given that our client, Digicel Holdings B.V., having a principal office at Amsteldijk 166, 1079 LH Amsterdam is the owner and the sole proprietor of the following trade mark consists of the words:Reg No. 4/4748/2012 To be used in connection with the following goods/ services, that is to say telecommunications (Class 9), paper goods and printed matter (Class 16], electrical and scientific apparatus (Class 38). Our abovementioned client has instructed us and wishes us to bring to the notice of the trade and public that they attach singular importance to their abovementioned trade mark and that legal action will be taken against any person or persons who act in infringement of the rights of our client. Any inquiry relative thereto may be referred to ourselves being their agent. Soe Win Advocate #0502 Level 5, Sakura Tower Ph: 255055/255407 For Digicel Holdings B.V., Amsterdam. Dated: 18th June, 2012

(reg: no: iV/4379/2012) (reg: no: iV/4378/2012)

(reg: nos. iV/606/2006 & iV/1541/2012)

(reg: nos. iV/601/2006 & iV/1542/2012)

(reg: no: iV/4380/2012) The above three trademarks are in respect of:RICE Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for FiMadeX P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon Phone: 372416 Date: 18th June, 2012

(reg: nos. iV/2013/2006 & iV/1543/2012) the above three trademarks are in respect of:Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Vifor (international) inc. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 18th June, 2012


diGiCeL Be eXTraordinarY


June 18 - 24, 2012
Hotel 7-Mile in Mayangone township. Pic: Ko Taik

MyanMar tiMes

Myanma Insurance to pay K75m after cargo ship sinking

By Aung Kyi STATE-RUN Myanma Insurance will pay out K75 million (about US$85,000) compensation to the owners of cargo on board a vessel that sunk off Kyaukpyu township last week, a senior official from the insurance company said. The payout will be made after an investigation is completed, the official said. The Shwe Zayar Aung sank at about 10:45pm on June 10 because of bad weather, two days after departing Yangon for Sittwe with 650 tonnes of cargo. The vessel with all the cargo completely sunk but the captain and 18 workers on board were saved by a fishing boat, Aung Su Mon-11, and safely sent to Kyaukpyu on June 11, said U Yan Aung, chief officer of the Myanma Coastal Marine Cargo Vessels Association. The case has been reported to Directorate of Water Transport, Myanma Port Authority, Myanma Insurance and the Seikkan township General Administrative Office, U Yan Aung said. Several businessmen have paid premiums to Myanma Insurance for their cargo, which was worth around K75.38 million, and Myanma Insurance will pay out the compensation as soon as possible after the necessary investigation processes have been completed, said U Sein Min, the deputy general manager of Myanma Insurance. The cargo on the Shwe Zayar Aung included flour, cooking oil, cement and soft drinks. Myanma Insurance has been seeking necessary documents from respective administrative office and police station of the township where the incident occurred, U Sein Min said. As part of its investigation, Myanma Insurance will interview the vessels captain and workers when they arrive back in Yangon, he said. An agent for the staterun insurer said insurance on Sittwe-bound cargo had proved popular following an outbreak of sectarian violence in Rakhine State earlier this month. Due to the riots and the curfews in force in several townships of Rakhine State since last week, transportation routes have ceased and many goods are still in Sittwe waiting to be transported to Yangon, said Daw Khin Htay, an insurance agent for Myanma Insurance.

New Yangon hotel opens June 16

By Yu Yu Maw THE shortage of hotel rooms in Yangon is set to ease slightly with the opening of a new property in Mayangone township targeting midrange travellers. Hotel 7-Mile opened on June 16 and has 53 rooms. It is located about 15 minutes from Yangon International Airport and charges US$5080 for foreigners and K25,000-45,000 for locals, said general manager U Khin Zaw. We are targeting both foreigners and local travellers. The hotel shortage in Yangon is continuing and I believe our hotel will help to solve that problem, he said. The four-storey hotel has 22 standard, nine superior and 22 deluxe rooms, as well as a meeting room that can hold 15 people. Unlike most Yangon hotels, U Khin Zaw said it had no plan to enter the lucrative wedding business, although it has a dining hall with room for about 40 people. We will accept bookings for any occasion as long as we have space for it, he said. The hotel also offers 24-hour electricity with standby generator and free wireless internet.

MAI to add Seoul, Hong Kong and Laos routes

By Zaw Win Than NATIONAL carrier Myanmar Airways Internat i o n a l p l a n s t o launch direct flights from Yangon to Vientiane, Hong Kong and Seoul later this year, a spokesperson said last week. As part of our expansion plan, we will add a few more Airbuses very soon and expect to use them to fly directly from Yangon on our new routes to Vientiane, Hong Kong and Seoul. We are now in discussions with authorities from Laos and we hope to start operating [to Vientiane] from October, said Daw Aye Mra Tha, the airlines marketing and commercial executive. She said direct flights to Hong Kong and the South Korean capital Seoul are expected to begin before the end of the year. MAI will also increase flight frequency on existing routes to Singapore, Gaya in India and Guangzhou in southern China, she said. From October 1, the airline will add an extra flight a week to Singapore with its code-share partner Jetstar. We suspended our weekly flights to Gaya in India and Siem Reap in Cambodia. But we will resume them in October for our winter schedule. We will also increase YangonGaya route from two to three flights a week, she said.

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Police investigate Hi-Mo assault allegations

By Noe Noe Aung POLICE are investigating a complaint filed by workers against a South Korean official from a Hlaing Tharyar wig factory over an alleged assault but are yet to lay charges, a spokesperson said. The complaint was filed with police on June 8 against the South Korean, who works at Hi-Mo wig factory, by female employees who said he beat them following an argument about their contract. Workers at the factory have expressed frustration that police have not yet charged the owner, but U Hla Aung, department head at Hlaing Tharyar township police station, told The Myanmar Times on June 15 that they were working according to their procedure. There were three cases of injury during the recent strikes. At Toe Myat Aung garment factory, a Chinese accountant [allegedly] beat factory workers while they were striking. And then on May 29, security guards [allegedly] beat striking workers at Taw Win Myanmar knitwear factory. The last one is Hi-Mo. We do all the things we need to do under the law. The workers at Hi-Mo might be upset because they dont understand the police procedure. We have investigated all of the people involved in those cases, U Hla Aung said. U Htay, a lawyer who assisted the Hi-Mo workers during their strike, said he believed the police were not deliberately dragging their feet. Police checked the factory yesterday evening [June 13]. Though the workers are upset because of slowness of the police investigation, we cant interfere in their procedure. We can just watch if they resolve it fairly or was made under Section 323 of the law (punishment for voluntarily causing hurt) and Section 354 (assault or criminal force against woman with intent to outrage her modesty). A girl named Ma Thin Myat Chel was beaten seriously. Other girls who tried to help her were beaten too. All 16 girls, plus me and two other witnesses, went to the police station together, U Nanda Sit Aung told The Myanmar Times on June 9. He said the incident could potentially damage the favourable image of South Korea inside Myanmar. South Koreans have a good image in our country largely because of their drama [television serials]. Myanmar people like these dramas very much and most people appreciate Korean people. But this case beating worker girls can affect their image. They should be aware of that, he said. U Win Shein from the Factories and General Labour Laws Inspection Department said Myanmar supervisors at factories needed to inform foreign owners or managers about what was culturally acceptable behaviour in order to avoid unnecessary disputes. He said foreign managers also needed to be informed about gazetted holidays and important religious days. Local people who have a position of responsibility in a factory should tell the foreigners about the culture and tradition of Myanmar people, he said at a press conference in Hlaing Tharyar on June 12. Myanmar people are generally kind-hearted. If owners treat workers well, they are usually willing to do their job, whatever that job is.

Workers from the Hi-Mo wig factory in Hlaing Tharyar township shortly before ending their strike on June 5. Pic: The Myanmar Times not. I believe the police will do their best, he said. Ma Thitar Htwe, a representative of workers from the factory, told The Myanmar Times the incident occurred shortly after workers ended their almost month-long strike. Mr Lee the responsible person of the factory beat the girls [on June 8] at about 7:30pm. He said the factory could not follow the exact details of the contract [agreed to end the strike]. This is the second time they have cancelled an agreed contract, Ma Thitar Htwe said. At about 7pm, workers and Mr Lee started arguing. When some employees stopped working, Mr Lee told them to get back to work. The argument escalated and he started beating them, she said, adding that 16 girls were assaulted by Mr Lee, and some of them had their clothes torn. We filed a complaint about Mr Lee at Hlaing Tharyar Police Station, she said. Ma Thitar Htwe said managers had called a meeting at 4pm and told the workers that they could not comply with the complete contract at the moment, which had been agreed on June 5. He said factory would comply with all 44 points sooner or later, but not now, she said. U Nanda Sit Aung, an activist with the All Burma Students Association, said the complaint at Hlaing Tharyar Police Station

Trade Mark CauTion

NOTICE is hereby given that Sk Holdings Co., ltd. of 99, Seorin-dong, Jongro-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -

resins, terephthalic acids, tetramethyl ammonium chloride, tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide, toluene, transmission fluid, trimethylamine hydrochloric acid, unprocessed acrylic resins, unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed epoxy resins, unprocessed plastics, unprocessed synthetic resins, urea, urethane resins, UV chemical stabilizer, vulcanization accelerators, water treating agents - Class: 1 benzene, benzol, combustible oil, crude oil, cutting fluids, cutting oil, denatured fuel alcohol, diesel oil, dust removing preparations, fuel gas, fuel with an alcohol base, gas oil, gasoline, grease for belts, heavy oil, industrial oil, kerosene, lighting oil, LNG(liquefied natural gas), LPG(liquefied petroleum gas), lubricating oil, methylated spirit, moistening oil, naphtha, non-slipping preparations for belts, oil for paints, oil for the preservation of leather, olefin, petroleum jelly for industrial purposes, propane gas, solid fuels, stearine, synthetic petroleum, xylene - Class: 4 acetate fiber, acetate tow, bags of textile for packaging envelopes and pouches, Bags(sacks) for the transport and storage of materials in bulk, Carbon fibers [fibres] for textile use, cleaning tow, cotton tow, cotton waste(flock) for padding and stuffing, cushioning and stuffing packing materials, not of rubber or plastics, plastic fibers for textile use, polyester fiber, polyester staple fibers, raw cotton, raw fibrous textile, raw linen, raw wool, ships sails, tents, textile fibers, tow, treated wool - Class: 22 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Sk Holdings Co., ltd. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 18th June, 2012

Thais hope to boost anti-trafficking ties

THAILAND wants to strengthen cooperation with Myanmar against human trafficking, the Thai representative to the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights said in Yangon last week. D r S r i p r a p h a Petcharamesree was speaking at a meeting of the commission focusing on the ASEAN human rights declaration which was held at the Parkroyal Hotel in Yangon on June 6. Human trafficking is not a concern for one particular country, but an issue of common concern for the whole region, Professor Sihasak said at the meeting, the first to be held by the commission in Myanmar since the government of President U Thein Sein came to power more than a year ago. The meeting, which brought together the heads of the human rights commissions in all of the ASEAN member countries, began on June 3. Dr Sriprapha, who acknowledged that she was not an expert on human trafficking, said closer cooperation between Thailand and Myanmar could significantly reduce the problem. The issue has long been a cause of concern in bilateral relations because of the large number of Myanmar who are keen to work in Thailand. A report issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs late last month said dealing with the problem involved many challenges. It said they included weak cooperation between the two countries and inadequate funding to help the victims of human trafficking recover from their ordeal. The report also referred to a lack of cooperation among UN agencies, the Myanmar government and civil society organisations. The report said that of the 265 Myanmar rescued from trafficking in 2011, 69 percent had been sent to China, 14pc had been sent to Thailand and the remaining 17pc were trafficked within the country. Most of those sent by traffickers to China were victims of forced marriages, the report said. The report said a lack of job opportunities as well as low incomes were the main reasons why people became victims of trafficking gangs. Nan Tin Htwe

(reg: nos. iV/8789/2008 & iV/4373/2012) in respect of:- ammonia, anti-corrosive agents, antifreezing solution, antioxidants, brake solution, butadiene, catalysts, caustic soda for industrial purposes, cellulose derivatives(chemicals, chemical preparations for the manufacture of paints, diethyl malonate, diisopropyl malonate,diketene,dimethylmalonate,dimethylterephtalate, dimethylformamide, dimethyllamine, epichlohydrine, ethoxylate, ethylene, ethylene amines, ethylene glycol, ethylene oxide, ethylene vinyl acetate, fatty amine, fertilizer, fire detergent agent, fluids for hydraulic circuits, formic acid, fumed silica, furfuryl alcohol, hypochlorite of soda, isopropyl alcohol, melamine, methyl chloride, methyl metal acrylate, methylamine derivatives, methylene chloride, microorganism(excluding yeast) not for medical purposes, neopentyl glycol, photoresist, plasticizer, polycrystalline silicone, polyester, polyethylene, polyethylene resins, polyethylene terephthalate, polymethylmeta acrylate, polypropylene, polypropylene resins, polytetrafluoro ethylene, polyvinyl butyral film, polyvinyl chloride, potassium sorbate, power steering fluid, propylene, purified terephthalic acids, refrigerants, semi-processed synthetic resins, silicones, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose styrene monomer, solvent, surface-active chemical agents, synthetic

Foreign currencies continue rising: sources

By Aye Thidar Kyaw and Aung Kyi EXCHANGE rates for dollars and Foreign Exchange Certificates are surging upward following last weeks announcement that a K10,000 note would be released on June 15, sources said last week. However, several sources said the fact that black market money changers were offering rates higher than the official currency exchange counters could block efforts to unify the different exchange rates. Since March 15, 11 local private banks have been taking part in daily currency auctions with the Central Bank, which are published on the banks website. Once a rate is determined the banks are allowed to trade at plus or minus 0.8 percent of the banks rate. Furthermore, if the Central Bank chooses a bid from one of the private banks it could buy direct. The Central Banks rate on June 14 was K846, the maximum gap between the buying and selling rates for dollars was about K14. Official currency counters were buying dollars for K843 and selling them for about K855, while the black market was offering K855-860. It seems that some of the exchange counters are taking advantage of the plus or minus trading bracket and we will face difficulties in future if we dont make this policy clear, a Central Bank spokesperson in Yangon said. But he said if banks could find a balance they would be able to compete with the black market. He added that if the Central Bank did not announce a daily rate as a reference for private banks the currency exchange system could quickly fall into disorder. We need to take notice of events that affect black market exchange rates, such as the announcement of the K10,000 note on June 8, which pushed exchange rates to K860. But the black market rate should never be much higher than the Central Banks daily rate, he said. U Wunna San Maung, the managing director of a travel agency in Yangon, said his company never bothered with the official exchange counters. Weve heard plenty of stories that the counters limit the amount people can change and impose other restrictions so we always just save time and go to the black market, he said. He added that if the official exchange counters changed their policies regarding the acceptance of old or torn notes and were more flexible on the amounts they changed people would be more interested in using them. An employee at the Myanma Industrial Development Banks exchange counter on Thein Byu Road said on June 13: Weve run out of Foreign Exchange Certificates [FEC] and dollars and our sales are closed but we are buying FEC or US dollars if you would like to sell. An employee at a nearby Innwa Bank counter said: We have run out of FEC but dollars are still available. But were selling dollars only to customers who would like to import a car. Customers who want to buy dollars from us need to bring their foreign currency account books, she said. U Htay Myint, who came to the Thein Byu counters in search of dollars, said the he had never needed to bring anything more than his National Registration Card and currency when buying dollars or FEC in the past. In previous months anybody could come here and buy whatever currency they needed with nothing more than their identity card, this is the first Ive heard of account books, he said. The exchange counters six private banks, he said. I have no choice but to look on the black market instead, he added. U Zaw Lin Htut, a spokesperson at Kanbawza Banks exchange counter, said: We cant be as flexible as the black market and we have to cover a lot of expenses but if someone wants to exchange a large amount were willing to cut our margins back. He said that the counters receive plenty of business from big trading companies and INGOs, while those looking to change smaller amounts use the black market because it was not worth the extra effort for relatively small sums. This system is still just beginning to be used and we need more experience to offer better services and remove the black market money changers who manipulate the market, he said. Gold prices have also been rising as a result of the K10,000 denomination: A tical (16.25 grams) of gold was selling for about K728,000 on June 14, up from K697,000 on June 1, said U Win Naing.


June 18 - 24, 2012


MyanMar tiMes

A Kanbawza Bank manager displays a brand new K10,000 note on June 15. Pic: Yadanar

are setting different regulations at different times without giving prior warning to customers. This is not the way they should act, he added. When handling deposits intended for car imports Myanma Foreign Trade Bank (MFTB) and Myanmar Investment and Commercial Bank (MICB) are only accepting notes that come

with receipts showing they came from official exchange counters, he said. MTFB and MICB staff are refusing dollars that have small imperfections, stains or fold lines but are accepting FEC with few complaints, which means people are trying hard to get FEC, he said. Another factor further fuelling demand for FEC

is a Directorate of Road Transport requirement that only FEC be accepted for payment of licensing fees related to imports, he said. However, potential buyers such as U Win Naing left the counters empty handed on June 13. I came to the Thein Byu exchange market to buy FEC for my car licence fees but I could not buy any from the


June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Coca-Cola makes official return to Myanmar

WASHINGTON Coca-Cola announced last week that it would return to Myanmar after a gap of more than six decades. The Coca-Cola Co becomes the latest beneficiary of reforms in the long isolated Southeast Asian nation. The company announced plans after the United States said it would ease restrictions on investment. The Atlanta-based company said it would initially ship Coke from neighbouring countries to Myanmar but, in line with general practice, would find local partners. It said it expected to make significant investments in Myanmar over the next three to five years. Coca-Cola Co has always stood for optimism at times of change and progress around the world, chairman and chief executive officer Muhtar Kent said in a statement. Coca-Cola said that it would abide by ethical standards, including respecting human rights and not paying bribes. The Coca-Cola Foundation, a charity affiliated with the company, said that it would grant US$3 million to support job initiatives that empower women in Myanmar. Coca-Cola said that it has not done business in Myanmar for more than 60 years. The military seized

ING to pay $619 million to settle US sanctions charges

WASHINGTON Dutch bank ING will pay US$619 million to settle US government accusations that it violated sanctions banning transactions with Cuba, Iran and others, the Treasury Department said on June 12. The settlement is the largest settlement of any kind with the Treasurys Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) to date, the department said. ING Banks apparent violations, which totalled more than $1.6 billion routed through the United States despite US sanctions, arose out of policies at multiple offices of ING Banks Wholesale Banking Division, it said in a statement. The settlement resolves OFACs civilian investigation into ING Banks intentional manipulation and deletion of information about USsanctioned parties in more than 20,000 financial and trade transactions routed through third-party banks located in the United States between 2002 and 2007. Most of the transactions were in apparent violation of US sanctions against Cuba, Iran, Myanmar and Sudan. In addition to the settlement with OFAC, ING simultaneously also concluded settlements with the US Attorneys Office for the District of Columbia, the Department of Justices National Security Division, the Department of Justices Asset Forfeiture and Money Laundering Section and the New York County District Attorneys Office, the Treasury said. The Treasury pointed out that neither ING Banks insurance nor its banking operations in the United States were subjects of the investigation. The Treasurys OFAC had referred the case for criminal investigation in light of the number of apparent violations, the array of stratagems employed by ING Bank to conceal its actions, and the seriousness of the conduct, which in some cases was ongoing for a very long period of time. Todays historic settlement should serve as a clear warning to anyone who would consider profiting by evading US sanctions, said Adam Szubin, director of OFAC. AFP

An employee at a minimart in Yangon displays a can of Coca Cola. The company said it would make an official return to Myanmar last week after more than 60 years. Pic: Stuart Deed control of the country in 1962. The junta ceded power to a nominal civilian, President U Thein Sein, last year. Despite initial cynicism, U Thein Sein has undertaken reforms including freeing political prisoners, opening dialogue with ethnic minorities and launching talks with democracy icon Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who was elected to parliament after years under house arrest. President Barack Obamas administration has also announced a loosening of restrictions on financial services to Myanmar, allowing credit cards to return. But the United States, unlike several other countries, has not removed restrictions on imports from Myanmar, arguing that gems, timber and other goods provide a lucrative business for antireform elements. AFP

Fisheries industry poised to introduce CMP production

By Soe Sandar Oo THE fisheries sector will embark on a new chapter in coming weeks as several factories begin importing fish before processing and exporting them as finished goods, a private sector source said. Daw Toe Nandar Tin, the owner of Anawarhlawn Company in Kyeemyindaing township, said the system, which mirrors the better known cutting, manufacturing and packaging system used in the garment sector, was a boon to the fisheries industry. She revealed that the first batch of fisheries was coming from an unlikely source Argentina. We are testing the CMP system at my factory with a shipment of fish from Argentina. I have already reported to the Department of Fisheries on the cost and volume of fish that were aiming to process, she said. I expect to get a licence next week. Daw Toe Nandar Tin said the industry had been declining since 2008, with a low exchange rate for US dollars the main export currency and a lack of marinecaught fish the biggest problems. The CMP system helps us to keep running our factories at a time when were not receiving enough fish from our waters, she said. Factories that use this system can be more efficient because they will be operating most of the time, even if the fisheries are closed here. She added that the CMP system had been in use in the garment and footwear business for years but had been called for by fisheries factory owners because of declining catches. The Ministry [Livestock and Fisheries] questioned factory owners about the supply of fish to factories when we asked them for permission to start CMP. But after that they allowed 10 factories to begin CMP operations as a test, she added. U Tun Aye, secretary of the Myanmar Fishery Products Processors and Exporters Association, said it was hard to tell if the system would be a success. The consequences of the CMP system cannot be predicted because were just at the preliminary stage, he said during the Myanmar Fisheries Federation meeting last week. The only comment I can give is that the system will help factory owners to reduce their losses but they are unlikely to make much profit as well. But allowing factories to operate a CMP system will let them continue to run at a tough time, he added. He said officials and factory owners should work to improve the system by observing how it is used in other countries and then apply those techniques. However, U Tun Aye said factories should aim to run CMP operations only in the short term. We need to try to process our own resources and earn maximum profits from them. If we compare Myanmar with Thailand we can see that they have far smaller acreage of fishpond and a smaller marine area. But Thailands fisheries industry includes hundreds of factories and hundreds of thousands of migrant workers from Myanmar, he said.

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Job watch
UNFPA Vacancy Notice
Position Title Grade Duty Station Issue Date Closing Date Duration of Appointment : : : : : : Programme Officer (Young people) SC - 8 Yangon, Myanmar 18 June 2012 02 July 2012 (5:00 pm) 1 Year

Applications are invited from interested Myanmar nationals for the post of Programme Officer (Young people). Applications should be addressed to UNFPA Representative. Attention : Operations Manager RoomA07, UNFPA, No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon. Email : For details on duties and responsibilities, educational and other requirements, please see the vacancy announcement posted at UNDP billboard. No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon and UNFPA website ( Applications will be considered only when meeting all requirements set in detailed vacancy announcement.

Myanmars bond market is slowly moving forward, says an international consultant. Pic: Myanmar Times Archive

Bond market enters new territory

By Sandar Lwin Mr Ryota Sugishita, the leader of a team of Japanese consultants working on bond market development in Myanmar and executive director of the Asian Business Research Department at Daiwa Institute of Research, on the state of Myanmar's bond market and the how it can be invigorated. You completed phase one of the Asian Bond Market Initiative (ABMI) in May. What kind of work have you been doing here for the past year as part of this program? It took a couple months to understand what is going on in the Myanmar bond market because [when] I came I was not familiar with the situation. And now we already found out what kind of issues Myanmar has. There are quite a number of issues. Such as? Government bonds are issued on a daily basis, which is practical. However, from the investors point of view, I dont think it is the best way if investors can know what amount of government bonds will be issued for the next year, this will be very helpful for investors. So I would suggest [a] kind of schedule of issuance should be announced by the government. Then investors will be able to know what sort of amount will be coming into the market for the next couple of months. I think the new formula for issuance will be implemented. But we dont know when yet. What are some of the other issues? Currently, Myanmar has only three kinds of bonds. Im talking about the maturity of two years, three years and five years government bonds. I think a variety of bonds will be more favourable for investors. So, going forward, I think the Myanmar government will increase the number of government bonds on offer. And then theres the secondary market. The trading activities in the government bond market are not active at this point so to make it active I think we need a lot of effort. But it will take some time. If we talk about Japans experience, it took many, many years. What are the main hindrances to the development of a bond market here? I think a lot of things have to be improved. For instance, laws and regulations, IT networks, banking system is also one of the key factors because a lot of banking work is done manually. So if you can implement an electronic system, an IT-based system, maybe that will help to establish a bond market, for instance. But you cant do it within one year. It will take some time and gradually you have to do it. What about the capacity of the potential players in the bond market? I think the banks, the 19 private banks and four state-owned banks, those banks have some exposure to the bond market I mean government bonds. Currently, they just buy and hold them until maturity. I think that going forward they will be more knowledgeable and sensitive to the change of prices and interest rates. Another topic is the interest rate. Because the government bond coupon rates are fixed, it means the interest rates are not free and uses a regulated interest rate. In Japan, from 1962 to almost 1980, interest rates were regulated. So it may take some time to move on to a free interest rate market but eventually that should be a target for Myanmar. But it will take years, you cant do it within one or two years. Phase one of the ABMI program has been completed. What has come out of that? First of all, through the discussion with Central [Bank of Myanmar] people, I gradually got to know about the situation of the bond market in Myanmar, and from that I could exchange opinions with Central Bank people. I think that will be helpful. Im just a consultant from Japan, so decisions should be made by the Myanmar government. We cooperate first and then we will give some advice to our counterparts at the Central Bank. And I think gradually improvement will be made. Now is just the beginning, although it has already been one year. But the first [step] is usually that we draw a roadmap [and] for that we need to know what is going on, [what is] the current situation first. That is the most important thing. We are drawing a roadmap and its almost done. Then we will move to the next step. So Daiwa Institute of Research will conduct further phases of the ABMI program here? Yes, we [would] love to. We are willing to do this. But it will be decided at the [ASEAN+3] Finance Ministers meeting. Although we said we want to do this, we may not be approved. So we need some approval from the ministers meeting. I still need to negotiate [regarding the second stage but] we have had a discussion with Central Bank people. In my opinion, the issuance the new formula of issuance is one of the top priorities. What about the capacity of your Myanmar counterparts? Do they need any immediate support? The capacity is [low] because the market did not exist. There has been issuance of government bonds but very inactive government bond trading. That means that people did not have experience in the trading of bonds. Basically, if the market started to expand, if you have more trading, then people get to know how to do this and how to deal with government bond trading. So it is also a matter of time.

Save the Children is serving as a Principal Recipient (PR) for the Global Fund Grant, which is performance-based, and oversees Sub-Recipients (SRs) - International NGOs. Currently Save the Children is required to develop the periodic review budgets for the HIV, Malaria and TB grants. Therefore a Finance Consultant is required to develop periodic review budgets and the period 6 Periodic Update Disbursement Request/Enhanced Financial Report (PUDR/ EFR). Job Title: Finance Consultant for Periodic Review Scope of Work: 1) Assist the Lead Consultant to prepare the consolidated detailed and summary Periodic Review budgets. 2) Analyze the reasonableness of cost assumptions and correctness of cost calculations in Principal Recipients (PR) and Sub-recipients budgets. 3) Compare the detailed Periodic Review budgets to the approved Phase 2 budgets, review variance explanations, and provide feed backs to the PR and SRs. 4) Verify and analyze unit costs among PR and SRs to ensure unit costs of similar units proposed by all entities are within reasonable ranges. 5) Assist GFATM Finance team to prepare PR budgets. 6) Assist the Associate Director, Finance & Grants to prepare period 6 PUDRs/EFRs for HIV, Malaria, and TB. Required profile and qualifications of consultant 1) At least 5 years experience in financial man-agement and reporting, working with Global Fund Program for AIDS, TB, Malaria (GFATM) grant reporting is preferred 2) Sound knowledge on GFATM activities in Myanmar is preferred 3) Available to work begin from week of July Detailed job descriptions for this position will be available at the Save the Children office or ww w.themimu. info/ jobs/ index.php Interested and! qualified candidates are requested to send an Application Letter and Curriculum Vitae to Human Resources Department, Save the Children, Wlzaya Plaza-First Floor, 226 U Wisara Road, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar (or) kkhtay@ mm |recruitment.ygnhr@gmail . com| not later than 5P,M,, 25 June 2012 (Monday) Note: Only short -listed candidates will be contacted

Govt eases seasonal fishing ban

The Department of Fisheries had originally imposed the ban on fishing in February for the conservation of natural resources, U Nyunt Sun told the Myanmar Times. We now have started in the Taninthayi area and not other places. Its just for research and we will continue the ban only if we find it helps increase marine resources. We have no intention of hurting the entrepreneurs and fishermen, said U Nyunt Sun. China implemented a similar project since 1993 and they succeeded. We also expect to succeed and continue it for the whole coastal area, said U Nyunt Sun . We intend to extend the ban to Yangon and Ayeyarwady regions. But a representative of fishermen in Tanintharyi Region said when China instituted a close season, its government supported the fishermen. We accept a close season. But where is the support for us during those three months? he said. The representative said the income of one lobster fisherman for a day ranges from K20,000 to K50,000, which is more than the K5000 they would get if they went to work in Thailand. But they will go and work in Thailand if

By Soe Sandar Oo THE Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries has partially relaxed its ban on fishing off the southern coast during the spawning season, according to an official from the ministry. A fishery officer from the Department of Fisheries, U Nyunt Sun, said that the move had been made following requests from thousands of fishermen who said their livelihoods would be in danger if they were not allowed to fish. We now allow small-scale fishermen for one day trip fishing instead of totally restricting fishing in the close season. The bigger boats have no problem and they can go and fish at some other places, U Nyunt Sun said last week at the Myanmar Fisheries Federation meeting in Yangon. U Nyunt Sun said if the close season ban is successfully adhered to then sea resources will increase. The Navys coastguard closely watches the fishermen, and so far there are no boats breaking the regulations and no punishment has been made until now, said U Nyunt Sun.

they cant make enough money here because of the close season ban. Some rich people here are asking for the ban because they can afford it. But for poor fishermen its a difficult situation, he said. A fisherman from Kyunsu township in Tanintharyi Region said the Department of Fisheries had now allowed fishing boats with engines not exceeding 25 horsepower to fish in coastal areas on day trips. It is a good move the government has taken [to relax the ban]. Now, small fishermen are very happy that they are getting jobs, said U Naung Mei who has been fishing in the area for the last 30 years. The new regulation has benefited about 100,000 fishermen in the archipelago with more than 800 small islands, he told The Myanmar Times last week. The next step is relaxation of the ban in parts of Mon State that were also included in the close season ban, according to the ministry official. There are four main fishing areas in Myanmar: Mon State and Tanintharyi, Rakhine and Ayeyarwady regions. Myanmar exported 386,000 tonnes of fish last year, earning US$653 million.


June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Lawyers warn about unfair competition

By Soe Sandar Oo SENIOR lawyers have issued a warning to colleagues about being tricked by international firms looking to cash in on Myanmars blossoming business environment. A senior advocate of the Supreme Court, who did not want to be named, said some foreign lawyers and companies had recently arrived in Myanmar and set up businesses branding themselves as international law firms but were relying on their domestic lawyers. This is not an official practice, he said. Theyre hiring Myanmar lawyers to work for them but tricking them in the fees they pay, which is a practice we cannot accept. It would be better to provide training and cooperate instead of paying low wages, he said. U Min Sein, an advocate of the Supreme Court and The Myanmar Times lawyer, said it was acceptable if foreign companies established mutually beneficial partnerships with local lawyers or firms. U Min Sein added that the industry welcomed cooperation with foreign colleagues in terms of sharing codes of ethics and legislation because domestic lawyers needed training to understand international law. Some foreign law firms here are doing partnerships with local companies and employing domestic lawyers. But they should also provide training about international treaties and procedures because many Myanmar lawyers do not have good enough language skills or international experience, he said. U Min Sein said one foreign law firm had already made agreements with several Myanmar lawyers and would provide training and assistance to those partners, which he said was the right approach for entering the market. U Thaung Myint, a retired deputy director and judicial adviser to the Supreme Court, said the countrys body of law and procedures were only known to Myanmar lawyers. He added that the opening of Myanmar politically and economically made it attractive to a range of international investors, including law firms. There would be no balance if a foreign firm was permitted to act as an international lawyer at the Supreme Court because they would not know what they were doing. Instead, partnerships with local lawyers are needed, he said. Lawyers need to register under the Legal Practitioners Act and unless they are registered they cannot practise law in Myanmar. U Aung Than Soe, a retired director of the Office of the Attorney General, said transparency was needed in the legal field ahead of 2015, when Myanmar will fully integrate into the ASEAN Free Trade Area. He added that Myanmar needed to quickly close the gap on its ASEAN neighbours in every field, including law. We need to learn about different legislation and laws across the region, he said.

Investment summit to kick off June 20

By Aung Kyi DELEGATES from nearly 300 foreign firms will converge on the Parkroyal Hotel in Yangon this week for the New Myanmar Investment Summit, a spokesperson for the company organising the event said. The two-day event will be attended by nearly 300 foreign companies from the US, China, Canada, Japan, India, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Italy and Bangladesh, said a spokesperson for Singapore-based Centre for Management Technology, which is organising the event. The spokesperson said the summit had attracted businesspeople from a range of sectors, such as agriculture, construction and building materials, investment consultants, financial institutions, legal firms and others. Others are from the oil and gas sector, real estate, mining, power and telecommunications, she said. The summit will endeavour to answer pressing questions on the updated Foreign Investment Law, land concessions, financing, security and legal issues associated with working in Myanmar, she said. The official opening address will conference workshop on Structuring JVs & Agency & Distribution Agreements under the New Investment Law led by Alessio Polastri, an attorney with P&A Asia. Other official speakers include Daw Tin Tin Htoo, Deputy Director for Ministry of Industry; U Htin Aung, Director General of the Energy Planning Department under the Ministry of Energy; U Win Htein, Director General of the Ministry of Mines; and U Kyaw Thet, Director of the Ministry of Mines. Evelin Petkov, a director of Bagan Capital, a Myanmar-focused investment and advisory company that is based in Hong Kong, said the event would provide a platform for international firms to find and evaluate potential domestic partners. Participating foreign companies are looking forward to meeting local industry players, entrepreneurs, agents and distributors keen to establish joint ventures or partnerships with them, he said.

Foreign companies are looking forward to

meeting local industry players, entrepreneurs ...

be delivered by Dr Kan Zaw, Deputy Minister for National Planning and Economic Development. The keynote address will be presented U Aung Naing Oo, Director General for the Directorate of Investment and Company Administration (DICA). The summit will also feature a post-

Trade Mark CauTion

GoLdWin inC., a corporation organized under the laws of Japan, of 210 Kiyosawa, Oyabe-shi, Toyamaken, Japan, is the Owner of the following Trade Marks:-

reg. no. 5324/1996

reg. no. 5325/1996 in respect of Bags, pouches, clothing, footwear, headgear, golf-clubs, golf-putters, golf-balls and gymnastic and sporting articles. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for GoLdWin inC. P. O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: Dated: 18th June, 2012

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes
An empty housing estate at Valdeluz city, near Guadalajara in Spain in October 2011. Pic : AFP

Spain warned of further 25pc home price fall

MADRID Prices of Spanish homes, which lie at the core of the nations financial crisis, could plunge by another 25 percent in a slump lasting up to four years, Standard & Poors warned on June 14. Spains real estate market crashed in 2008, throwing more than a million people out of work, exposing banks reckless loans, and sharply reducing regional governments income. Since the first quarter of 2008, nominal house prices have declined 22pc, more than any other eurozone country except for Ireland, Standard & Poors said in a report. However, the magnitude of the decline has to be juxtaposed against the 150pc rise in prices in Spain between 2000 and the peak in 2008, said the report by Jean-Michel Six, Standard & Poors chief economist in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. In the same period, eurozone home prices on average climbed by 60pc, it said. A look at each of the major trends affecting Spains residential real estate market the housing overhang, household debt, housing price ratios, and unemployment indicates that the correction is likely to take up to four more years, the report said. In addition, price fundamentals show that a further 25pc drop in housing prices could be in order. Estimates of Spainss stock of unsold homes range from 680,000 according to government figures to 818,000 according to CataunyaCaixa bank, the rating agency said. With annual demand at about 300,000 homes on average, and with about another 80,000 new homes being built every year, it should take four more years to balance supply and demand, it said. Home mortgages, accounting for 75pc of all household debt, had multiplied 2.5 times between 2003 and 2010, it said, while the length of these loans grew from an average 12 years in 1990 to 28 years in 2007. House prices fell by an average 6pc a year from 2008 to 2010 before slumping by 9pc in 2011, it added. take four years. Just comparing Spanish home prices to the level of peoples incomes and the cost of renting, housing prices needed to decline by nearly 25pc to return to long-term averages, it said. The bursting of the real estate bubble is visible in Spains dire economic prospects, said the agency, which tips an economic contraction of 1.5pc this year and 0.5pc in 2013. It noted in particular that the construction sector slump led to the loss of 1.5 million jobs between 2008 and March 2012. High unemployment made it harder for people to pay their mortgages, especially when 90pc of home loans in Spain carry a variable rate, compared to a eurozone average of 40pc, the agency said. In February 2012, as the unemployment rate reached 24pc, doubtful loans amounted to 2.8pc of total housing loans, a ratio that appeared reasonably low, it said. But as the economy continues to weaken, we will continue to watch that indicator carefully as a potential harbinger of additional financial difficulties in the household sector. AFP

A thelook at each of major trends affecting Spains real estate market indicates that the correction is likely to take up to four more years.

Costly Tokyo regains ranking as worlds most expensive city

PARIS Tokyo has regained the unenviable title of the worlds most expensive city for expatriates, while the eurozone crisis has made many European cities cheaper according to a survey published on June 12. At the other end of the scale, the survey by the Mercer group named the Pakistani port Karachi as the least expensive city, with living costs around three times cheaper than in the Japanese capital. The report, published annually to help companies assess compensation allowances for expatriate workers, compared the cost of over 200 items in 214 cities, using New York as a reference. The items on the list included housing, food and transport. Tokyo pushed the oil-boom Angolan capital Luanda into second place to retake the top spot in the survey. Another Japanese city, Osaka, came third, the Russian capital Moscow in fourth, and Geneva fifth.

But despite new mortgages drying up, household debt eased much more slowly, now standing at 81pc of total economic output compared to 87pc in June 2010. That debt ratio would have to fall to the long-term average of about 66pc of economic output before house prices could steady, the agency said, estimating the process could

Cities in the eurozone slid in the rankings as the euro has slid against the US dollar during the debt crisis. Paris dropped 10 spots to 37th, Rome fell eight to 42nd, and Athens tumbled 24 to 77th. London slipped from 18th in the table last year down to 25th place. In contrast, appreciation against the US dollar helped push Australian and New Zealand cities up, with Adelaide jumping 19 spots to 27th. AFP


June 18 - 24, 2012
land its grown on, said Ripple, an American from Connecticut. Our factory can be packed up and moved in days, so if we decided to shut it down one day, were not going to damage the rice paddies we sit on. The 100 hectares (247 acres) of paddies sit inside a so-called bamboo triangle, with the factory, school and villas standing at each of the three points. Such ambitious bamboo projects in Bali are mostly driven by ecoconscious foreigners. With studies showing construction to be one of the worlds least sustainable industries eating up around half of the globes nonrenewable resources sustainable construction is slowly taking root around the world. It is among the key topics for discussion at the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, which opens June 20 in Rio de Janeiro. In Sibang, the tawny brown bamboo buildings with their grass thatched roofs appear to be rising from the earth. The three-storey chocolate factory is pieced together using a complex system of scissor trusses and bolts, thanks to clever architecture. It resembles the traditional longhouses found on Borneo island and was made with more than 18,000 metres (59,000 feet) of bamboo from Bali and Java. At Sibangs nearby Green School, the 240 students most of them children of expatriates learn in Jules Janssen, an authority on bamboo in the Netherlands, says that the weight of a 5000-kilogram (11,000-pound) elephant can be supported by a short bamboo stub with a surface area of just 10 square centimetres (1.5 square inches). One reason bamboo is so environmentally-friendly is the speed at which it grows, according to Terry Sunderland, a scientist at the Centre for International Forestry Research in Indonesia. In China, eucalyptus can grow at 3-4 metres [10-13 feet] a year, which is very impressive for timber. But building-quality bamboo will grow between 6 and 10 metres [20-33 feet] in that time, he said. And unlike trees that rarely grow back once felled, bamboo will continue to produce new shoots even after cutting. But even bamboo has its drawbacks. Without intensive treatment, it is prone to rotting after exposure to water. It also catches fire relatively easily, which is why many countries limit bamboo structures to just a few storeys. Ripple acknowledged that building with bamboo was not foolproof, but expressed optimism that the technology to protect it from the elements will improve. A friend we work with here always says bamboo needs a hat, rain jacket and boots, he said. Were lacking on the rain jacket a bit, but were looking at nontoxic materials to give it some protection. AFP

MyanMar tiMes

Bamboo heads green construction in Bali

By Kadek Ariyani SIBANG KAJA, Indonesia Strong, light and cheaper than steel poles, bamboo is ubiquitous across Asia as scaffolding. So much so that in recognition of the materials versatility, the Indonesian island of Bali has made it an emblem of sustainable construction, replacing buildings of concrete and steel with far greener alternatives. An entire school, luxury villas and even a chocolate factory are the latest structures to rise from bamboo skeletons as the plants green credentials and strength are hailed. The factory, which opened last year and produces organic drinking chocolate and cocoa butter, is the latest in a string of buildings on the island, including homes and businesses, to be built of bamboo. Erected in the village of Sibang Kaja between the resort islands smoggy capital Denpasar and the forests of Ubud, the factory is the initiative of specialty food firm Big Tree Farms, which claims the 2550square-metre (27,500-square-foot) facility is the biggest commercial bamboo building in the world. Bamboo is unmatched as a sustainable building material. What it can do is remarkable, Big Tree Farms co-founder Ben Ripple, 37, told AFP. It grows far more quickly than timber and doesnt destroy the

People visit a building made of bamboo at a school at a village in Sibang, Badung regency on Bali island on June 4. Pic: AFP In most parts of Asia, bamboo is semi-outdoor classrooms decked seen as the poor mans timber. with bamboo furniture. Not, however, in Sibang, where The school, which opened in 2008 and was the magnet for the the bamboo villas that nestle other two projects, has 25 bamboo between the palm trees are worth buildings, the main one being a US$350,000 to $700,000 each. Like decadent treehouses for stilt-structure constructed with adults, they have semi-outdoor 2500 bamboo poles, or culms. In Hong Kong and China, they areas and include innovative make new skyscrapers of concrete bamboo flooring that resembles and glass using bamboo scaffolding. smooth timber and jellybeanBut here, the workmen stood on shaped coffee tables made from steel scaffolding to build this bamboo thin bamboo slats. Bamboo technically a grass building. Thats always seemed funny to me, said Green School has been used in building for admissions head Ben Macrory, from centuries because of its impressive strength-to-weight ratio. New York.

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

US project seeks online freedom from govt censors

By Rob Lever WASHINGTON For people living in countries where the government censors the internet, help is on the way. It may be in a smartphone app or it could be a clandestine wireless network that allows people to communicate out of the view of government censors. A project funded by the US government and developed by a Washington think tank called Commotion Wireless is being readied for delivery early next year. The effort seeks to promote free expression online and takes advantage of the fact that more people are using mobile devices. Such a system is useful for people to communicate in situations when governments dont want them to, said Sascha Meinrath, head of the project at the New America Foundation. While Facebook and Twitter played a role in the Arab Spring uprisings, these networks can also be used by governments to track or harass dissidents. Commotion is designed as a secure and reliable platform to ensure their communications cannot be controlled or cut off by authoritarian regimes, says the mission statement of the open-source software project. Because it is a mesh network, each of those using the system becomes a node, making it harder to shut down than a centralised access point. The mesh network doesnt live on any single device, said Preston Rhea, a program associate at New America who has been testing community wireless projects using the technology. One test network was set up in a neighbourhood in Washington where the local hacker community joined in by rigging up a makeshift antenna. picking who does and doesnt receive this technology. Among those involved in deploying the technology is Radio Free Asia, which is seeking to protect its sources and correspondents as well as those of other US-funded international broadcast operations. Weve had a long history of battling the firewall of China, said RFA president Libby Liu. Its a constant challenge but we have been successful in keeping our source network intact. Liu said a key to getting this type of technology out is to make connections with a group that has a techsavvy, in-country network and to make it compatible with the digital platform in the country. In using these systems, Liu said a priority is keeping those who use it anonymous and safe. If youre the one person who is connecting on a satellite phone that person is pretty obvious, she said. Over time, the software and encryption can be delivered through smartphone apps or other software transfers. So even if it is blocked in a country, it would just need one person to bring in the app on a computing device, which can then be transferred to others, said Meinrath. These apps can be blocked, but if one person enters the country with a cellphone carrying that app it can then be distributed, he said. Its going to be very difficult to stop the implementation of this type of technology. Meinrath said activists need to know the system is not yet ready with proper encryption and security, but that it could be available early next year. And he said it will be designed to be secure even when devices have been compromised or infiltrated. AFP

Apple maps a path to mobile throne

By Glenn Chapman SAN FRANCISCO Apple is mapping a path to the throne of the internet age mobile lifestyle. Coming upgrades to the software that powers its hot-selling iPhones reveal a strategy to keep users in Apples walled garden as smartphones become essential components of day-to-day life. A centrepiece of the plan was booting Google Maps from iOS software powering Apple iPhones, iPads, and iPod Touch devices and replacing it with a custommade mapping service. The move announced on June 11 is not only another shot in the ongoing battle between the California technology titans, but lays groundwork for Apple to take on its arch rival in areas such as search and smartphone digital wallets. Location-based services, maps, are a key strategic asset in the mobile services arena, NPD analyst Ross Rubin said on June 12. Delivering iPhone services based on locations, and in the context of what users might be doing at the time, was a major theme during the presentation that kicked off Apples annual Worldwide Developers Conference last week. People could get spoken turn-by-turn directions from the Siri personal assistant technology or signal an iPhone to let a caller know they were in a meeting, and remind them to return the call after they leave the room. Siri in iPhones will find nearby restaurants or movie theaters, weaving in reviews from customer-feedback websites Yelp or Rotten Tomatoes and even letting people buy film tickets from Fandango. I think Apple recognises how important that experience is to a mobile device, Creative Strategies principal analyst Ben Bajarin said of tying smartphone services to peoples locations. Apple wants to own that experience, he continued. They brought it into their walled garden in a very useful way. Apple controlling everything from the hardware to the software on its gadgets is referred to as a walled garden with the California company acting as vigilant overseer. With Apples platform now set to leverage advancements in location determination technologies, the opportunity for compelling, commercial location-based services has never been more attractive, said Frost & Sullivan global research director Brent Iadarola. Apple had sold more than 365 million mobile devices by the end of March, according to senior vice president of iOS software Scott Forstall. The next-generation iOS 6 to be released later this year features more than 200 enhancements, including Siri getting smarter about nearby restaurants, films, sports teams and more, Forstall said. Analysts believed that a sleeper feature could be Passbook, which gives iPhone users a place to digitally store coupons, customer reward card information, film tickets or airline flight boarding passes. Bar or QR codes displayed on iPhone screens can be scanned at checkouts or checkpoints. Passbook synchs with location. For example, Passbook would pop loyalty card information to the iPhone lock screen if a user was near a shop that they frequent. Anybody else calls that a digital wallet, said Forrester analyst Charles Golvin. It is clear that Apple put a bulls-eye on that, and that means the next iPhone will have NFC [near-field communication] or physical payment capabilities, he said. AFP

Young students use Facebook in an internet centre in Tunis in early March. Pic: AFP The same technology would be able to help in countries like Syria where the government is trying to crack down on the free flow of information, said HacDC member Ben Mendis, who helped set up the local network. The Commotion program became known as the internet in a suitcase, but those involved say that is a misnomer. This is not a suitcase full of specialised equipment, this is meant to run on whatever exists on the ground, Meinrath said. Its all software. But even some State Department officials use the suitcase term to describe the effort to get a quick, easy way to help people get around filtering and surveillance. Commotion is one of several projects being funded by the US State Department to promote online freedom, an extension of other human rights initiatives. The United States has provided US$76 million over the past four years for this and other programs for online freedom, and has another $25 million in the pipeline. Ian Schuler, program manager in the State Departments office of Internet Freedom Programs, said US concerns rose with revelations about repression and shutdowns of internet services in countries during the Arab Spring uprisings. Because Commotion can get around internet shutdowns, he said it appeared to be a good combination of an emerging technology that met an emerging need. We saw that people having rights in one realm helps them have rights in another realm, he said. Some projects keep a low profile, but officials agreed to discuss Commotion because those working on it have been open about it. Assistant US Secretary of State Michael Posner said recently that his agency is supporting a dozen different circumvention technologies including a panic button app for mobile phones, a slingshot program to identify censored content, and training programs to help activists in repressive areas to keep operating. Although the US government funds the Commotion project, it is not making decisions on where to deploy it, officials said. Our goal is to allow people to express themselves and exercise their rights, Schuler told AFP. The goal is not regime change ... Were not

Flame virus linked to Stuxnet

WASHINGTON The Flame computer virus which has been raging in the Middle East has strong links to Stuxnet, a malware program widely believed to have been developed by the United States or Israel, a security firm said on June 11. Kaspersky, the Russian computer security firm credited with discovering Flame last month, said its research shows the two programs share certain portions of code, suggesting some ties between two separate groups of programmers. Kaspersky researcher Alexander Gostev said in a blog post that a first examination made it appear the two programs were unrelated. But it turns out we were wrong, he wrote. Our research unearthed some previously unknown facts that completely transform the current view of how Stuxnet was created and its link with Flame. Gostev said Flame, even though it was discovered just recently, appears to predate Stuxnet, which was created in 2009. By the time Stuxnet was created [in January-June 2009], the Flame platform was already in existence [we currently date its creation to no later than summer 2008] and already had modular structure, he said. The Stuxnet code of 2009 used a module built on the Flame platform, probably created specifically to operate as part of Stuxnet. This, he said, points to the existence of two independent developer teams ... [each] developing its own platform since 20072008 at the latest. Kaspersky, one of the worlds biggest producers of anti-virus software, said the Flame virus was about 20 times larger than Stuxnet, the worm which was discovered in June 2010 and used against the Iranian nuclear program. High concentrations of computers compromised by Flame were also found in Lebanon, the West Bank and Hungary. Additional infections have been reported in Austria, Russia, Hong Kong and the United Arab Emirates. Compromised computers included many being used from home connections, according to security researchers who were looking into whether reports of infections in some places resulted from workers using laptops while travelling. AFP

DAMASCUS France said last week that world powers could hold a summit on the Syrian crisis at the end of June as the deadly revolt against President Bashar al-Assad entered its 16 th month. Activists on the ground called for another day of anti-regime protests after at least another 84 people were killed in clashes and bombings across the country on June 14, a human rights watchdog said. French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said major world powers could hold a conference on the crisis that has cost thousands of lives on June 30 in the Swiss city of Geneva. There is a possibility, I dont know if well get there, but there is a possibility of holding a conference in Geneva on June 30, Fabius told France Inter radio. Participants would include countries on the UN Security Council but the meeting would be held without the constraints of the Security Council, the foreign minister added. He also said that talks were under way with Russia on Syrias future if Assad is ousted. The Russians are not today attached to the person of Bashar al-Assad. They clearly see he is a tyrant and a murderer. But they are sensitive about who might take his place, if Assad is ousted. The discussion is about that, he said. Russia, along with China, has vetoed two Security Council resolutions against Assad and has vowed to oppose any military intervention. In reaction to US charges, Russia said on June 15 that it was not making any new deliveries of attack helicopters to Syria and had only carried out repairs of helicopters sent there many years ago. There are no new supplies of Russian-made attack helicopters to Syria, the foreign ministry said, adding that planned repairs were carried out earlier on helicopters supplied to Syria many years ago. The ministry reasserted Russias position that all our military and technical cooperation with Syria is limited to the supply of defensive weapons. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on June 12 accused Russia of fuelling the violence by sending attack helicopters to

June 18 - 24, 2012


World powers eye forum on Syria crisis

She said that US President Barack Obama would meet his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin at this weeks Group of 20 summit in Los Cabos, Mexico. Monitors say more than 14,400 people, mostly civilians, have been killed since a peaceful uprising erupted on March 15, 2011, prompting a bloody crackdown by Assads forces that eventually prompted an armed reaction. In other violence on June 14, 14 people were also wounded when a suicide bomber blew up a vehicle near an important Shiite Muslim shrine in the capital, the state news agency SANA said. And a car bomb in the northwestern city of Idlib killed and wounded a number of soldiers, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. As on nearly every Friday since the uprising began, activists have called for nationwide demonstrations after weekly prayers, with this weeks slogan being Always prepared for a strong mobilisation. Around the country, the Observatory said 48 civilians were among at least 84 killed in clashes

MyanMar tiMes

An image released by the Syrian oppositions Shaam News Network showing protesters with a square formed by the countrys former flag, during an anti-regime gathering in Kfar Sousa on June 11. Pic: AFP/Shaam News Network Syria, which she said were on the way and would escalate the conflict quite dramatically. Her spokeswoman Victoria Nuland later said that Russia was sending back freshly refurbished helicopters to the regime in Damascus that had been under repairs for six months or more. On a conciliatory note, Clinton said on June 14 that the United States had held constructive talks with Russia but urged more action after days of feuding over the bloodshed in Syria. Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns met Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on the sidelines of a conference in Afghanistan, she said. My deputy Bill Burns had a constructive meeting in Kabul with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov. We dont see eye to eye on all of the issues, but our discussions continue, Clinton told a news conference.

and bombings on June 14. Areas in the provinces of Homs, Daraa, Damascus, Aleppo, Deir Ezzor and Idlib were all targeted, the London-based watchdog said. UN observers on June 14 visited Al-Haffe town in the Mediterranean province of Latakia, a day after Syrian authorities said the area had been cleansed of rebel fighters, a UN spokeswoman in Damascus said. On June 13, rebels withdrew from the besieged town and nearby villages that had been under intense regime shelling for eight days, the Observatory said. The UN Supervisory Mission in Syria (UNSMIS) said the observers reported finding it all but deserted with a strong stench of dead bodies and most state buildings gutted. State television said the observers had inspected the vandalism and destruction wrought by the terrorists. The United Nations and opposition activists had expressed fears of a massacre if pro-government forces entered the town, just 16 kilometres (10 miles) from Assads mainly Alawite hometown of Qardaha. AFP

Murdoch aide told PM: Were in this together

By Danny Kemp LONDON David Cameron received a text message from Rupert Murdochs British newspaper boss saying they were in this together, a press ethics inquiry heard on June 14 during testimony from the prime minister. The 2009 text from Rebekah Brooks who now faces criminal charges relating to the phonehacking scandal at the News of the World tabloid raised fresh questions about Camerons links to Murdochs US-based News Corporation. But during five hours of televised evidence at the Leveson Inquiry, Cameron repeatedly denied making secret deals with Murdochs empire in exchange for the political support of the moguls newspapers. Brooks was chief executive of News International, News Corps British newspaper wing, when she sent the text to Cameron the night before a crucial speech to his Conservative party conference, when he was still leader of the opposition. I am so rooting for you tomorrow not just as a personal friend but because professionally were definitely in this together. Speech of your life? Yes he Cam!, said Brooks in the text, which was read out to the inquiry. Yes he Cam was the headline the next day in The Sun, Murdochs top-selling British tabloid, which had come out in support of Cameron just over a week earlier. Brooks also suggested that Cameron who knew her husband Charlie from their schooldays at the elite Eton College and lived near the couple have a country supper to discuss an issue with the Murdoch-owned Times newspaper. The inquiry heard in May that Cameron signed texts to Brooks LOL, thinking it stood for lots of love. Brooks, 44, appeared in court on June 13 charged with hiding material during the last days of the News of the World, which shut amid public outrage when it emerged the tabloid had hacked the phone of a murdered schoolgirl. Her husband and four other people have also been charged and they will all appear before a judge on June 22. The prime minister set up the Leveson Inquiry in July last year after the News of the World was shut down to examine the ethics of the press, but in recent weeks he has seen his own government effectively put on trial. But Cameron hit out at conspiracy theories over his relationship with News Corp, especially his governments handling of the companys bid for control of pay-TV giant BSkyB. The idea of overt deals is nonsense, Cameron said when asked about claims of some kind of deal with Murdoch. I also dont believe in this theory that there was also a nod and a wink and a covert agreement. Cameron admitted however that relationships between the press and politicians had been overly close. I think in the last 20 years the relationship has not been right. I think it has been too close. I dont think the regulatory system we have at the moment works, he said. Cameron also defended his decision to hire his former media chief Andy Coulson, another ex-News of the World editor, who has been charged with perjury and arrested over hacking and bribery allegations. This has come back to haunt both him and me, Cameron said. But he said he took full responsibility for the decision and said he had sought assurance from Coulson during a face-toface meeting in his office that he was not involved in phone hacking. The News of the World is believed to have illegally accessed the voicemails of thousands of people including royals, politicians, celebrities and crime victims. Murdoch still owns The Sun, Britains best-selling tabloid, The Times and Sunday Times in Britain. AFP

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

TUNIS A Tunisian court sentenced ousted leader Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, in absentia, to life in prison on June 13 for presiding over the bloody protest crackdown that ignited the Arab Spring. Former interior minister Rafik Belhaj Kacem and several others from Ben Alis inner circle received sentences of up to 15 years in prison, but other key figures saw their charges dismissed, much to the anger of victims families. Prosecutors had sought the death penalty for Ben Ali who fled after his ouster and is living in exile in Saudi Arabia over the killing of 22 people while clamping down on the central cities of Thala and Kasserine. We tried to hand down a fair verdict, and nobody put

cause Life sentence for Ben Ali Diesel fumes WHO lung cancer:
any pressure on us. We were only guided by God and our own personal conviction, civilian judge Chokri Mejri said at the end of the sixmonth trial in Kef, west of Tunis. The court drew angry cries from victims families outside when it dropped charges against 10 officials, including former presidential guard chief Ali Seriati and the former director of Tunisias riot police, Moncef Laajimi. Revenge! Revenge! they shouted, according to Abdelkarim Maghouri, a lawyer present at the hearing. The judge could not fully read the verdict because of the ruckus, Maghouri told AFP. Mohamed Bouazizi, 26, a vegetable seller from the central town of Sidi Bouzid, inspired the Tunisian revolt in December 2010 when he set himself on fire and died in protest at official corruption. His suicide set off weeks of protests that ended up toppling one of the most entrenched autocratic regimes in the Arab world and led to democratic elections last October that saw a moderate Islamist party rise to power. The ouster of Ben Ali launched a wave of protests in the Middle East and North Africa that became known as the Arab Spring and is still sweeping the region. The June 13 convictions were the first of senior regime personnel over the killing of hundreds of protesters during the Tunisian revolution. But there were fears that anger over the acquittals of several key figures and lingering doubts that Ben Ali will ever be brought to justice could see fresh violence. I fear that this judgment will cause unrest, Anouar el-Bassi, a lawyer for victims families, told AFP. Two former pillars of the forces of order were acquitted, he said, referring to Laajimi and senior interior ministry official Moncef Krifa. Ben Ali faces countless trials and has already been sentenced to more than 66 years in prison on a range of charges including drug trafficking and embezzlement. Ben Ali and his wife are the subjects of an international arrest warrant, but Saudi authorities have not responded to Tunisian extradition requests. AFP PARIS The World Health Organisations cancer research agency last week classified diesel engine exhaust as cancer-causing, and urged action to reduce human exposure to it. Diesel engine exhaust causes lung cancer in humans, Christopher Portier, chairman of a working group at the WHOs International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), said in a statement on June 12. There was also a positive association with an increased risk of bladder cancer, the UN agency said. Large populations are exposed to diesel exhaust in everyday life, whether through their occupation or through the ambient air, it said a statement. People are exposed to the emissions of diesel cars, trains, ships and power generators, as are workers in fields such as underground mining. Given the additional health impacts from diesel particulates, exposure to this mixture of chemicals should be reduced worldwide, said Portier. In 1988, the IARC had classified diesel exhaust as probably carcinogenic. Portiers group also concluded last week that petrol, or gasoline, exhaust was possibly carcinogenic, a finding unchanged from its previous assessment in 1989. The agency urged policy makers to work with engine and fuel manufacturers. AFP

Trade Mark CauTion

NOTICE is hereby given that Gree eLeCTriC aPPLianCeS, inC. oF ZHuHai a company organized under the laws of China and having its principal office at Jinji West Road, Qianshan Zhuhai, Guangdong, China is the owner and sole proprietor of following trademark:-

(reg: no. iV/2819/2012) in respect of:- solidified gases for industrial purposes; liquid sulfur dioxide; carbon; industrial silicon; nitric acid; ammonia for industrial purposes; sodium hydroxide; silicates; carbonic hydrates; industrial trichloromethane; dichloromethane; radioactive element for scientific purposes; antifreeze agents; filtering materials; ion exchangers; preparations for killing weeds and destroying vermin; biochemical catalysts; photographic sensitizers; nonprocessed synthetic resins; soil-conditioning chemicals; fire extinguishing compositions; metal tempering preparations; soldering chemicals; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tan; adhesives for industrial purposes; paper pulp Class: 01 hand held computers; computer keyboards; scanners [data processing equipment]; electronic dictionaries; printers for use with computers; facsimile machines; walkie-talkies; television sets; video recorders; DVD players; integrated circuits; electronic chips; semiconductor device; batteries; battery chargers Class: 09 bulbs; luminous tubes for lighting; fluorescent lights; fruit roasters; barbecue grills; electric waffle irons; kerosene water heaters; electric water heaters; freezers; milk cooling installations; ice cream making machines; hydrants; pressure water tanks; mixer taps for water pipes; toilet bowls; hand drying apparatus for washrooms; showers; bath tubs for Sitz bath; electric foot-warmers; electrically heated carpets; electric heated curtains Class: 11 tableware, other than knives, forks and spoons; cooking pot sets; food steamers with several trays; chinaware; glass ware; pottery; china ornaments; drinking vessels; towel bars; combs; electric tooth brushes; toothpicks; cosmetic cleaning instruments; heat-insulated containers for foods; sweeper; toughened glass; indoor aquaria; mouse traps Class: 21 building construction supervision; commodity houses construction; construction; underwater construction; mining extraction; motor vehicle maintenance and repair; airplane maintenance and repair; shipbuilding; photographic apparatus repair; clock and watch and repair; safe maintenance and repair; rust proofing; vulcanization of tires; furniture maintenance; renovation of clothing; disinfecting; elevator installation and repair; telephone installation and repair; fire alarm installation and repair- Class: 37 radio broadcasting; television broadcasting; broadcasting television; cable television broadcasting; communications

by computer terminals; computer aided transmission of messages and images; electronic mail services; information about telecommunication; telecommunication connections to a global computer network; teleconferencing services; providing user access to a global computer network; voice mail services Class: 38 freight forwarding; packaging of goods; shipping; car transport; air transport; automotive leasing services; warehousing; container rental; rental of diving bells; distribution of energy; water supplying; operating canal locks; courier services; arranging of tour; transport by pipeline Class: 39 custom assembling of materials for others; metal plating; laser scribing; dyeing services; woodworking; paper treating; optical glass grinding; firing of pottery; food freezing; stripping finishes; dressmaking; pattern printing; recycling of waste and trash; waste treatment; incineration of waste and trash; decontamination of hazardous materials; sorting of waste and recyclable material; air purification; air deodorizing; air freshening; rental of air conditioning apparatus; rental of space heating apparatus; water treating; producing of energy Class: 40 academies of education; instruction services; arranging and conducting of colloquiums; mobile library services; publication of texts; digital imaging services; production of radio and television programs; providing computer games on line; animal training- Class: 41 engineering project management; research of scientific project; research and development for others; consultancy on economizing on energy; research in the field of environmental protection; quality system certification; geological research; chemical analysis and research; biological research; meteorological information; material testing; mechanical research; industrial design; construction drafting; development of construction project; dress designing; computer programming; computer software design; consultancy in the field of computer hardware; computer systems design; conversion of data or documents from physical to electronic media; provide internet search engines; authenticating works of art; assessment of intellectual property rights Class: 42 accommodation of hotels and boarding houses; hotels; rental of buildings for temporary occupancy; tourist homes; retirement homes; day-nurseries; boarding for animals; rental of chairs; tables and other appliances for offices Class: 43 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Gree eLeCTriC aPPLianCeS, inC. oF ZHuHai P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 18th June, 2012

Attacks kill 72 in Iraq

BAGHDAD A wave of apparently coordinated bombings and shootings rocked Iraq during a major Shiite religious commemoration on June 13, killing at least 72 people and wounding more than 250, many of them pilgrims. The attacks, which came as pilgrims flocked to a shrine to mark the anniversary of the death of Imam Musa Kadhim, a revered imam in Shiite Islam, were the deadliest in Iraq since August 15, 2011 when 74 people were killed. The targeting of Shiite pilgrims was a stark reminder of Sunni-Shiite violence which tore Iraq apart in 2006-2007 and was condemned by parliament speaker Osama al-Nujaifi, who termed it an attempt to provoke sectarian strife. The attacks were condemned by the United States and the United Nations. Baghdad was hit by 10 bomb attacks and two shootings that killed at least 28 people and wounded dozens more, said an interior ministry official and a medic. The deadliest attack, in which a car bomb killed 16 people, appeared aimed at Shiite pilgrims as they headed in their tens of thousands to Imam Kadhim shrine in the northern neighbourhood of Kadhimiyah. Violence in Iraq has declined dramatically since the 2006-2007 peak but attacks remain common, especially in Baghdad. A total of 132 Iraqis were killed in May, official figures show. AFP

Trade Mark CauTion

Notice is hereby given that our client, Digicel Holdings B.V., having a principal office at Amsteldijk 166, 1079 LH Amsterdam is the owner and the sole proprietor of the following trade mark consists of the words:Reg No. 4/4747/2012 To be used in connection with the following goods/ services, that is to say telecommunications (Class 9), paper goods and printed matter (Class 16), electrical and scientific apparatus (Class 38). Our abovementioned client has instructed us and wishes us to bring to the notice of the trade and public that they attach singular importance to their abovementioned trade mark and that legal action will be taken against any person or persons who act in infringement of the rights of our client. Any inquiry relative thereto may be referred to ourselves being their agent. Soe Win Advocate #0502 Level 5, Sakura Tower Ph: 255055/255407 For Digicel Holdings B.V., Amsterdam. Dated: 18th June, 2012

diGiCeL BiGGer BeTTer neTWork


June 18 - 24, 2012
with nuclear power to support its growing economy. Despite concerns on both sides about the nuclear agreement, overall relations have been growing between the United States and India with the two governments forecasting that two-way trade may hit US$100 billion for the first time this year. The United States and India, which had uneasy relations during the Cold War, have also found common cause on security issues. India is one of the most enthusiastic supporters of US-led efforts in Afghanistan because Islamic extremists consider New Delhi a top target. Clinton welcomed the $2 billion given by India to Afghanistan since the 2001 war overthrew the Taliban. Pakistan has fiercely opposed its arch-rivals influence in Afghanistan, but US relations have sharply deteriorated with Pakistan. I am very pleased that Afghanistan is getting this kind of encouragement and tangible support because its in everyones interests that Afghanistan be as secure and stable as possible, Clinton said. Clinton also welcomed Indias reductions of oil purchases from Iran. On June 11, Clinton exempted India from new US sanctions on countries that maintain trade with Iran despite Israeli and Western concerns over its nuclear program. AFP

MyanMar tiMes

US, India see progress with N-deal

WASHINGTON The United States and India sought on June 13 to dispel doubts over their relationship as a US company signed a deal on nuclear power, long a source of disappointment between the countries. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who once called US affection for India an affair of the heart, said that the worlds two largest democracies had entered a new and more mature phase in their partnership. With respect to affairs of the heart, they usually have ups and downs, but that does not make them any less heartfelt or any less of a commitment, Clinton said. There is less need today for the dramatic breakthroughs that marked earlier phases, but more need for steady, focused cooperation, Clinton said as she met Indian Foreign Minister S.M. Krishna and other senior officials for the annual US-India Strategic Dialogue. But the deal that was arguably the most dramatic of the past breakthroughs between India and the United States a 2008 agreement on nuclear power has increasingly been cited as proof that the US-India relationship has not lived up to its potential. On June 13, US-based Westinghouse Electric Co announced that it was signing a preliminary deal with the state-run Nuclear Power Co of India to build the first US nuclear reactors in the

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Indias Minister of External Affairs S.M. Krishna at a news conference at the US-India Strategic Dialogue in Washington on June 13. Pic: AFP South Asian nation. Westinghouse, a unit of Japans Toshiba Corp, said that it had agreed to conduct initial licensing and site development work to build reactors at the Mithivirdi site in the western state of Gujarat. Clinton called the agreement a significant step toward the fulfillment of the landmark USIndia nuclear agreement, but acknowledged that the deal was preliminary and there was still a lot of work to be done. Krishna, speaking later at a solo news conference, said the Westinghouse agreement carried special importance in light of the concerns expressed earlier by US businesses. The deal opens up new vistas of opportunities for business in the United States, Krishna said. Former president George W. Bush spearheaded the 2008 deal, which recognised Indias global stature by giving it access to civilian nuclear technology after decades of being treated as a pariah for building nuclear weapons. But US companies have been reluctant to get to work in India as they are seeking greater protection from liabilities in the event of a nuclear disaster a dispute that could still potentially affect the Westinghouse deal. The United States argues that other countries such as Russia and France enjoy an unfair advantage as their nuclear companies have the backing of the state which can handle liabilities. The issue is sensitive in India, where thousands died in 1984 in a leak from a US-owned pesticide factory in Bhopal. India has pledged to move ahead

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Obama favoured for re-electionin Europe and Japan

WASHINGTON US President Barack Obama would cruise to reelection in November if Europeans and Japanese could vote, but his popularity is slipping in China and Muslim nations, said an opinion poll released on June 13. A month-long, 21-nation survey by the Pew Research Center found approval of Obama has sharply declined since he took office in early 2009, and US economic clout is increasingly seen to be waning, even among key US allies in Europe. But despite some general disappointment with the presidents policies, Europeans fervently support his re-election, including in France, where 92 percent of respondents want to see a second Obama term. Nearly nine in 10 Germans also favour his reelection, along with 73pc of British respondents. Some 72pc of Brazilians also want to see Obama re-elected as do two thirds of Japanese respondents. Such numbers would be a godsend for Obama domestically, where he is locked in a neckand-neck battle with Republican challenger Mitt Romney. A recent Wall Street Journal/NBC poll put Obama ahead by 47pc to 43pc against his rival. Obama is facing strong opposition in some key spots overseas, Pew said. In China, confidence in Obama has plunged by 24 points and approval of his policies has dropped 30 points. Just 31pc of Chinese want Obama reelected, compared with 39pc who do not. In Russia, with which the Obama administration pledged to reset troubled relations, 25pc are in favor of his re-election and 27pc opposed. Even in Europe, where support is high, confidence in Obama has dropped by six points, from 86pc to 80pc, since 2009. There is broader opposition to Obama in the Muslim world, where criticism of US foreign policy runs high even after the administrations support for last years democracy protests in Egypt and elsewhere. In Lebanon, 62pc do not want four more years of Obama. In Jordan the figure is 73pc, and in Egypt it rises to a startling 76pc. Americas image is more positive than it was before (Obama) came in office, in Europe, in Brazil, in Japan, in some parts of the world, Richard Wike, associate director of Pews Global Attitudes Project, told AFP. In many Muslim countries we havent seen the same Obama effect on Americas image that weve seen elsewhere. In Egypt, Tunisia, Turkey and Jordan less than three in 10 expressed confidence in Obama. In Pakistan, where Obama ordered the daring US commando raid that killed al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, confidence in Obama was a dismal seven percent the same as for his predecessor George W. Bush in his final year in office. AFP

Top US court snubs Guantanamo seven

that it is not now inclined to further second-guess the governments detention policy, said Lyle Denniston, an analyst at Scotusblog. com. The practical effect is that the DC Circuit Court now functions as the court of last resort for the 169 foreign nationals remaining at the US-run military prison in Cuba, and that court has a well-established practice of overturning or delaying any release order issued by a federal judge, when the government objects, Denniston wrote. Lawyers for the detainees argued the appeals court had shown manifest unwillingness to allow Guantanamo detainees to prevail in their habeas corpus cases. In all, seven Guantanamo detainees have filed habeas corpus petitions challenging their detention and in every case the US government has called on the Supreme Court to deny them a hearing. The Center for Constitutional Rights, whose lawyers defend several of the Guantanamo detainees, said it was extremely disappointed by the courts decision. By refusing to hear these cases, and any Guantanamo cases since its 2008 Boumediene decision, the court abandons the promise of its own ruling guaranteeing detainees a constitutional right to meaningful review of the legality of their detention, it said. The centre said the decision leaves detainees at the mercy of a hostile DC Circuit Court of Appeals, which has erected innumerable, unjustified legal obstacles that have made it practically impossible for a detainee to win a habeas case in the trial courts. The District of Columbia appeals court, which has jurisdiction over Guantanamo, has never ruled in favour of releasing a Guantanamo detainee, and some of its judges have openly criticised the Boumediene ruling. The CCR called on President Barack Obama to honour his promise to close the prison, and begin by freeing 87 detainees who US authorities have concluded should be released because they pose no danger to the United States. Immediately after taking office in January 2009, Obamas ordered the closure of the Guantanamo prison within a year. But it ran into overwhelming opposition in the US Congress, which blocked funding for transfers of detainees in the United States. Of the hundreds of detainees taken to Guantanamo since it was established in 2002 to hold war on terror suspects captured in Afghanistan and Pakistan, only 15 have been charged or tried before special military courts. AFP

WASHINGTON The Supreme Court refused Monday to hear a petition by seven detainees challenging their confinement at the US military jail at Guantanamo Bay in a blow to opponents of the war on terror prison. It came four years after the top US court cleared the way for such challenges with its decision in Boumediene v. Bush, widely considered its most important ruling in the previous governments war on terror. That 2008 ruling had allowed detainees to challenge the legality of their detention when they had not been charged and to demand their release. But the court rejected the latest appeal without comment, upholding an appeals court decision in Latif v. Obama and signaling that its stance on the issue has hardened during the past four years. The Supreme Court confirmed emphatically

Leg restraints in an interview room at the military prison inside the US naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, in a file photo taken on December 5, 2006. Pic: AFP

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Notice is hereby given that our client, Digicel Holdings B.V., having a principal office at Amsteldijk 166, 1079 LH Amsterdam is the owner and the sole proprietor of the following trade mark consists of the word:-

reg no. 4/4749/2012 To be used in connection with the following goods/ services, that is to say telecommunications (Class 9), paper goods and printed matter (Class 16), electrical and scientific apparatus (Class 38). Our abovementioned client has instructed us and wishes us to bring to the notice of the trade and public that they attach singular importance to their abovementioned trade mark and that legal action will be taken against any person or persons who act in infringement of the rights of our client. Any inquiry relative thereto may be referred to ourselves being their agent. Soe Win Advocate #0502 Level 5, Sakura Tower Ph: 255055/255407 For Digicel Holdings B.V., Amsterdam. Dated: 18th June, 2012


June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

The justice in fighting for Syria

world that will be more stable, prosperous and consistent with universal values the values Americans know as FORMER US secretary of life, liberty and the pursuit state Henry Kissinger has of happiness. It will be a far argued against intervention better world for the United in Syria on the grounds States as well as for Syrians, that it would imperil the Egyptians, Tunisians, foundation of world order. Libyans and billions of His analysis was based others. But bringing it into on a straw man, one put being requires demonstrating forward by the Russian and firmly and quickly that when Chinese governments, that governments cross the line outside intervention would of genocide, or engage in seek to bring about regime crimes against humanity, change. ethnic cleansing, or grave The point of an intervention and systematic war in Syria would be to crimes against their stop the killing to force Bashar al-Assad Standing up for the principle of responsibility to protect will result in a world own people, the world will act with force and his government if necessary and to meet the demands that will be more stable, prosperous and consistent with universal values. with the approval of the Syrian people only of a regional with reforms rather than guns. If the killing carnivals open till late, troops on the ground. These Chechnya at the turn of the the UN Charters passage, organisation and a majority adopted the doctrine of the of the members of the UN stopped, most Syrians would families out, that jewelry means would include the century. Kissinger claimed that responsibility to protect, Security Council. Only then almost certainly demand that shops were open till 8 pm, provision of intelligence and Assad leave office, but by the [and] that Arabs and Africans communications equipment, the Russian and Chinese which effectively adopted a will murderous dictators anti-tank and anti-mortar governments are upholding definition of sovereignty as begin to think twice. ballot box or a negotiated were working side by side. The Washington Post Kissinger is right that in weapons, and, crucially, the foundations of a world responsibility. Sovereigns political settlement that (Anne-Marie Slaughter would leave the Syrian state the end NATOs operations air support against Syrian o r d e r t h a t t h e U n i t e d bear responsibility to not in the sense of bureaucracy, in Libya looked like an effort government tanks and troops States should not lightly only their fellow sovereigns is a professor of politics the army, the courts largely to remove Mommar Kadhafi that seek to enter or overrun cast aside, an order in but also their own people, to and international affairs at intact. The chaos and horrific from office, not because NATO a zone. The provision of such which sovereignty gives a protect them from genocide, Princeton University and violence in Iraq resulted planes took out command- support would also require government the right to crimes against humanity, former dean of Princetons in large part from the US and-control facilities in the disabling of Syrian air rule its people and territory ethnic cleansing, and grave Woodrow Wilson School of w i t h o u t i n t e r v e n t i o n and systematic war crimes. Public and International determination to destroy Tripoli from which Kadhafi defences. P r e s i d e n t O b a m a Affairs. She was the US State P r o p o s i n g t h i s t y p e from other states and a those institutions along with and his generals were ordering civilian massacres of action would force the corresponding obligation not believes in sovereignty as Departments director of Saddam Hussein. As a cautionary tale, but because NATO planes R u s s i a n a n d C h i n e s e to intervene in the affairs of responsibility. Standing up for policy planning from January Kissinger and others point never sought to protect governments to come clean others. It is true that this that principle will result in a 2009 to January 2011).

By Anne-Marie Slaughter

not only to Iraq but also to Libya. Kissinger lumped Libya in with Yemen, Somalia and northern Mali as a blank space on the map denoting lawlessness. Yet political scientist Juan Cole, who recently visited Libya, where he expected a fair degree of chaos, reports that in Benghazi, Misrata and Tripoli, there were no militiamen to be seen, that most things were functioning normally, that there were police at traffic intersections, that there were childrens

civilians supporting the regime against opposition troops. The response to this concern, however, is not to oppose intervention in Syria but to support a UN Security Council resolution with clear parameters about a limited use of force. Such a resolution, which would have to follow a request by the Arab League, should resolve to protect the establishment of no-kill zones by local Syrian authorities by whatever means necessary, short of foreign

about the real motives for their positions. Even if Libya had never happened, would Russia really be willing to allow intervention in Syria? Assad would still be one of Moscows principal allies in the Middle East. Russia would still have port facilities at Tartus. It would still want to protect the principle that a government can suppress popular demonstrations by any means it chooses, including the kinds of crimes against humanity, that Vladimir Putin ordered in

principle is enshrined in the United Nations Charter, but four years after the charter was passed UN members also adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. By the end of the 20th century, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan now the United Nations special envoy for Syria was arguing that states existed to serve their people, rather than the other way around. And by 2005 all the worlds states, on the 60th anniversary of

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Tens of thousands march in protest against Putin

MOSCOW President Vladimir Putin vowed on June 12 never to bow in the face of social upheaval as tens of thousands of determined protesters chanting Russia Will be Free marched against his third term. A sea of white opposition ribbons and posters mocking the strongman filled central Moscows leafy boulevards for a peaceful procession, although some top protest leaders were prevented from attending because of police questioning. The so-called March of Millions the first since Putin in May extended his 12-year domination of Russia through to at least 2018 ended with a rainsoaked rally. No arrests were reported. But anti-corruption blogger Alexei Navalny and television host Ksenia Sobchak were being interrogated after having their homes raided in a security sweep that seemed designed to keep them off stage. Dear friends, they are afraid of us and we arent afraid of them, protest leader Boris Nemtsov told the masses on an avenue named after the Soviet-era Nobel Peace Prize winner Andrei Sakharov. A police officer later walked backstage to hand Nemtsov a warrant to appear for questioning later in the day. One organiser put attendance at more than 100,000 while the citys police department put the number at 18,000. Aerial television footage of the main rally suggested a figure at least double the police estimate. Putin used a speech honouring Russias postSoviet independence day to allude gravely to the turmoil shaking some countries and said he would firmly defend Russia against unrest. We cannot tolerate decisions and actions capable of leading to social and economic shocks, Putin told a formal Kremlin ceremony in televised remarks. We cannot accept anything that weakens our country or divides society. He said any future

Falklands residents to vote on political status

LONDON The Falkland Islands will hold a referendum on its political status in 2013 in a bid to end the bitter territorial dispute between Britain and Argentina, the archipelagos government said on June 12. Gavin Short, chairman of the Falklands legislative assembly, said the residents of the British overseas territory had no wish to be ruled by Buenos Aires, which views the islands as occupied Argentine territory. We have decided, with the full support of the British government, to hold a referendum on the Falkland Islands to eliminate any possible doubt about our wishes, said Short, adding the vote would be held in the first half of 2013. I have no doubt that the people of the Falklands wish for the islands to remain a self-governing Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, he said. We certainly have no desire to be ruled by the government in Buenos Aires, a fact that is immediately obvious to anyone who has visited the Islands and heard our views. The announcement came as both Britain and Argentina were marking the 30th anniversary of the 74-day war they fought over the islands in the South Atlantic, costing the lives of 649 Argentine and 255 British troops. British forces reclaimed control of the Falklands in June 1982 following an Argentine invasion after then prime minister Margaret Thatcher sent a naval task force. On June 12, Prime Minister David Cameron welcomed the announcement of the referendum, saying it should be up to the Falkland Islanders themselves to choose whether they want to be British. Thirty years ago they made clear that they wanted to stay British. Thats why British forces bravely liberated the island from Argentine invaders, he said. Now the Argentine government wants to put that choice in doubt again, by shouting down the islanders ability to speak for themselves and punishing them for exercising their own free choice. He added: Britain will respect and defend their choice. There was no immediate reaction from Argentina. AFP

President Vladimir Putin at a Kremlin ceremony on June 12 marking Russia Day, which celebrates the 1990 declaration of independence from Soviet rule. Pic: AFP political changes would based on our accumulated experience of stability a mantra of his election campaign. The websites of Russias main independent news outlets became inaccessible just as the days events were getting started victim of another distributed denialof-service (DDoS) attack of unknown origin. The websites of Russias main media organisations including Kremlin-allied papers and state-controlled television stations were all accessible and operating without delay. AFP

Breivik like Hannibal Lecter, psychologist tells Oslo trial

OSLO Interviewing rightwing mass killer Anders Behring Breivik in jail was like meeting Hannibal Lecter, the cannibal in the horror film Silence of the Lambs, a psychologist said at his trial on June 11. Meeting Breivik was almost like meeting Hannibal, Eirik Johannesen, who spent 26 hours speaking with the 33year-old extremist in prison, told the Oslo district court. Johannesen was called by Breiviks defence to back its case that he was not crazy when he killed 77 people in Norway last year. While Breiviks guilt is not in doubt, his sanity is at the heart of the trial in Oslo, where he stands charged with committing acts of terrorism in his twin attacks in and near the capital. He bombed a government building in Oslo, killing eight people, then shot dead another 69, mainly teens, who were attending a summer camp held by the ruling Labour Partys youth wing on the island of Utoeya. He says his actions were to stop Norway falling victim to multiculturalism and a Muslim invasion, and wants to be officially declared sane in a bid to ensure that his ideology is not written off as the ravings of a lunatic. Johannesen told the court he was completely convinced that Breivik was not psychotic, attributing his radical views to political carried out shortly before his trial began in April concluded that he was sane. Other experts testifying before the court have so far offered varying diagnoses for Breivik, but have all more or less agreed that he is criminally sane. On June 11, a senior psychiatry professor, Einar Kringlen, explained why he had reversed his opinions, saying he long Anders Behring Breivik in believed Breivik was insane court last week. Pic: AFP but instead now favoured extremism and not mental the second evaluation after seeing Breiviks behaviour illness. In light of his ideology, in court. Evil cannot always be I dont think that he can be treated with therapy or explained by illness, he said, with medicine, Johannesen pointing to the Holocaust as an example. said. Meanwhile, the head of He has created an identity to convince other right-wing a team of 18 people tasked extremists and fascists with monitoring Breivik (to follow his example), in his cell almost around an identity that doesnt the clock for three weeks correspond to who he really earlier this year said the is. But not in a psychotic mass murderer had shown no sign of psychosis. It is very unlikely Evil cannot always be that he would be able to conceal a psychosis for three weeks, psychiatrist explained by illness. Maria Sigurjonsdottir testified. If Breivik is found sane, way, the psychologist said. Experts have starkly he faces a 21-year jail term different opinions about which could be extended Breiviks sanity, with two indefinitely if he is still court-ordered psychiatric considered a threat to society. e v a l u a t i o n s r e a c h i n g If he is found insane he would receive closed psychiatric opposite conclusions. T h e f i r s t c o n d u c t e d care, possibly for life. The five judges will rule last year found him to be suffering from paranoid on the question when they schizophrenia and therefore hand down their verdict not responsible for his either on July 20 or August actions, while the second 24. AFP


June 18 - 24, 2012
Most of the water and electricity produced will go to South Africa, which does not have enough of either. Lesotho needs the money. Aside from some diamond mines and textile factories, the landlocked kingdom has no other exports. The dams are also expanding access to running water and electricity in a nation where these are luxuries. The construction work also generates thousands of jobs, meeting a desperate need for work with an unemployment rate of over 40pc. But the dams call for complex compromises, at every level of society. Tsapane has taken in workers at the dam site as tenants, each paying 100 maloti ($12) in rent, earning extra cash for her household until the water starts to rise. Then she may be forced to abandon her home and her crops. Im worried about my fields. If I could know where I would be moved to, it would be easier, she said. People already resettled have complained about the compensation scheme. They were given new homes, usually close to schools, clinics and power lines. However, they are used to farming and herding and struggle in their new lives. My life was better before where I stayed, said Mampai Lesgapa, who was resettled for the Mohale Dam in 2002. Now things are worse here because I have to buy on a daily basis and I dont have money. At 62, she lives in a neat neighbourhood of cinder block homes in Ha Seoehlana village. The new homes are close to a main road, giving children a short walk to school. They have electricity, which she can only afford a few times a month. But her family has no fields, forcing them to sharecrop for local landowners who take half the harvest. She makes traditional brooms to earn cash,

MyanMar tiMes

Dams bring investment, at a cost

HA MAKHALE, Lesotho On a dusty mountaintop in Lesotho, Mamoliehi Tsapane beats sorghum with a wooden stick, the white grains popping from the husks over a bright green tarp. Just beyond her backyard, a Chinese construction company i s b l a s t i n g a mountain, carving out the base of what next year will become the 73-metre-high Metolong Dam. Commissioned by Lesotho, financed by Western and Arab agencies, and built by Chinas Sinohydro Corp, the dam is just one example of the international interest in capitalising on the crystal-clear water in this tiny mountain kingdom surrounded entirely by South Africa. The building boom has generated billions of dollars in investment, but also changed the landscape and uprooted entire communities. I have no idea when or if we will be moved, said Tsapane. I wouldnt mind moving because we are close to the dam. I feel my life would be in danger. But at the same time, I feel like I have all this property here, and I doubt I would be compensated fairly. Thousands of people have already been moved to make way for two dams during the last decade, part of a South African network of reservoirs and tunnels to divert water from Lesotho into the rivers that nourish Johannesburg. The two countries are preparing to build the US$993 million Polihali Dam to augment the system, with two more dams mooted. The investment is equivalent to nearly half of Lesothos national economy and the construction work is expected to boost economic growth by one third, from four percent in 2011 to 5.9pc in 2013. Last year Lesotho signed a separate deal with a South African construction company for a Im $15 billion water and energy project, financed by undisclosed Chinese firms. Work on the first phase is due to start later this year.

find life difficult here and there, they start blaming the project. Thats why Im saying youll never get rid of that, its natural for people. The commission says changes have been made to the compensation program, including making payments ahead of resettlement to help families prepare for their new lives. There has also been a clean-up in management. The first phase of the South African dam project resulted in convictions of some of the worlds largest engineering firms, after massive corruption was uncovered in 1999. More than 12 multinational firms and consortiums were found to have bribed the chief executive of the project, Masupha Sole, who served nine years in prison. Metolong is different from the other dams. Its main purpose is to provide water and electricity to people in Lesotho. Even those benefiting Water Commission, said most directly are worried with the dam authority, the Lebohang Kolotsane. But youd find if the l e s s o n s w e r e l e a r n e d about the social cost. families could receive 2000 The dams are good for maloti a year for 50 years to car broke down, there was from the first round of us because we are able nothing to repair it (with), resettlements. make up for lost crops. to get jobs, said Michael Lenka, worried about my fields. If I could know where I would be moved to, it would be easier. 51, a mechanic at Metolong. Its better if they dont move, its Sometimes its not easy better here, he said over the Many opted for a lump so the business failed, he but now has to buy the to please people 100 percent. din of bulldozers and dump grass that she once grew payout, which they used to said. Lucy Sekoboto, a lawyer People were compensated, trucks, looking at Tsapanes start businesses, like a taxi herself. Under the agreement service, said local councillor with the Lesotho Highlands she said, but added: If they quiet home. AFP Above: Mamoliehi Tsapane rests after beating sorghum in the Lesotho village of Ha Makhale, as work continues (below) on the mountain beyond her backyard on the 73-metre-high Metolong Dam. A dam building boom in Lesotho has generated billions in investment but has also changed the landscape and resulted in entire communities being relocated. Pix: AFP

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

A low-carbon lifeline for the Amazon

ANAPU, Brazil Manoel Jose Leite, a small-scale organic farmer, is set to pioneer lowcarbon agriculture in Brazils Amazon rainforest, which for decades has been destroyed by expanding agribusiness. Finding the right balance between agriculture and environmental protection will be one of the major challenges on the agenda of the UN conference on sustainable development, which opens in Rio de Janeiro on June 20. The issue is particularly pressing for leading grain exporter Brazil, because 40 percent of its territory is covered by the Amazon rainforest. We have learned a lot from the environment. We have some ideas of what reducing CO2 emissions means and we know that we must protect the Amazon, says Leite, who tills land in Brazils northern Para state. He arrived in this northern Brazilian city in 1974 when the then-military government encouraged people to settle the region by opening highways such as the Trans-Amazonian, which cuts through Anapu. There was only forest. The government wanted to settle the area. The more we cut trees, the better. If I had known then what I know now, it would have been different. I would have protected the forest, Leite, 62, told AFP as he stood by a spring on his land, which once was used for grazing. Today he protects the environment with native tree reforesting, including planting Amazon rainforest trees such as cocoa, cupuacu and acai. Leite is about to join a new project financed by Brazil and Norway that will help 2600 families rehabilitate deforested areas with lowcarbon farming, energy production and efficient use of resources. We want to show that you can have low carbon farming that reconciles drastic improvement from 2005, when local big landowners ordered the killing of US missionary Dorothy Stang, who was campaigning for sustainable forest projects in the face of large-scale illegal logging. With these sporadic actions we have significantly slowed down the deforestation in recent years, said Eduardo Lameira, the head of a task force equipped with a helicopter and 4x4 vehicles to raid remote areas. But challenges remain, and Brazils dilemma was illustrated by the recent implementation of a new forest code, passed after a bruising congressional battle between the powerful agribusiness lobby and environmentalists. The new code maintains a requirement to protect 80pc of the forest in rural areas of the Amazon and 35pc of the Sertao, the arid hinterland of northeastern Brazil. But it eases restrictions for small landowners who face difficulties in recovering illegally cleared land. In 1974, Brazil produced 20 million tonnes of grain, cereals and oilseeds. Today, it produces 160 million tonnes and has become a leading exporter of sugar cane, meat, soybean and timber at the cost of large-scale Amazon deforestation. Today we know that we cannot produce the way we did 40 years ago. We have enough deforested areas and the technology to use them for more efficient farming which preserves the environment, said Savio Mendoca, an adviser at the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation. The issue will hotly debated at the June 20-22 Rio+20 conference, which will be attended by more 115 world leaders, with the aim of charting a course toward a green economy that can balance economic growth with poverty eradication and environmental protection. AFP

Manoel Jose Leite in a reforested area of his farm at Anapu, in the northern Brazilian state of Para. Pic: AFP forest preservation, food production and quality of life in the Amazon, where 25 million people live, said Lucimar Souza, of the non-governmental Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM). destruction of the forest to an awareness that this model is not sustainable, said Joao Batista, coordinator of the Live, Produce, Preserve Foundation. Asked what was needed to make this remote region coincides with a government commitment to combat the massive deforestation that has made Brazil one of the worlds top greenhouse gas emitters. The pace of deforestation peaked in 2004 at 27,000 to 6238 square kilometers (2408 square miles) a year, the lowest level since monitoring began in 1988. The Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) has taken action to crack

If I had known then what I know now...I would have protected the forest.
Similar projects are proliferating in the region. Between the 1992 Earth summit and the Rio+20, we went from unplanned production based on sustainable, Batista replied with a sigh: a lot, underscoring the need for programs, technology and funding. The reconversion square kilometers (10,000 square miles) a year. But last December, the National Institute of Space Research (INPE) said deforestation had dropped down on 50 deforested zones spotted by satellites and to determine whether timber used in Anapu sawmills is legal. Such action marks a

For Asian-Americans, the bias of the bamboo ceiling

NEW YORK Asian American families churn out doctors, engineers and graduate students, but their high-achieving image hides a bamboo ceiling that marginalises the fastest growing US minority, experts say. Jonathan Saw, the Asia Societys senior advisor for Asian Pacific American Research, said on June 11 that a new survey demonstrates an odd mixture of success and disenchantment, with 83 percent of Asian Americans feeling loyal to their company but only 49pc feeling they belong. Asian Americans dont really see themselves as belonging to corporate America, even though they are very successful, he told AFP. The reason is that while Asian Americans tend to start strongly, graduating from prestigious schools and senior management, where Knicks to a string of victories Ramamurthy, who was also quickly winning good jobs, relationships matter more was a landmark moment, once on track to become a they later hit the so-called than what you do, those said Saul Gitlin, with Kang doctor, told the conference that typecasting in TV and & Lee Advertising. perceptions matter. bamboo ceiling. Here was yet another studio films is as strong as Many racial and ethnic You dont see a lot of Asian Americans in senior groups in the United States A s i a n A m e r i c a n w h o ever. Asians play certain leadership positions, Saw most obviously African started on the expected Americans have suffered t r a c k o f s t u d y i n g a t characters, he said. They said. Harvard University but, play the doctor, or they The problem, said Saw because of prejudice. But what makes Asian in a rare twist, emerged as play the smart guy. Thats and others at an Asia Society conference in New York, Americans problem unique a charismatic sports hero very much still the case. I is deeply ingrained bias is that they are trapped in rather than an anonymous dont know what it takes to change that, within wider otherwise Id US society doing it. a g a i n s t Asian Americans are always seen as great doers, which is beExperts say treating change may A s i a n s great, but it only gets you to middle management. eventually like other come, as it Americans. often does in the United Theres this notion of the cliche of having to be doctor or programmer. Its a turning point of States, through market Asian Americans as the clever clever to the point perpetual other, Saw of being nerdy, out of touch, what happens when you forces namely the fact and unable to represent go against the stereotype, that the 17.3 million-strong said. Asian Americans are mainstream American life. Gitlin said, identifying Lin Asian American population Thats why the outbreak as a beacon for young Asians is shooting up and growing always seen as great doers, which is great, but e a r l i e r t h i s y e a r o f who have suffered at the rich. Asian Americans are it only gets you to middle Linsanity the media hands of this stereotype of m a n a g e m e n t . A t t h a t h y s t e r i a o v e r A s i a n being the smart guy, the t h e f a s t e s t - g r o w i n g multicultural segment in critical juncture between American basketball player geek, the tech guy. However, actor Sendhil the US, Thomas Tseng, com i d d l e m a n a g e r a n d Jeremy Lin leading the founder of New American Dimensions, said. Although the Hispanic market is three times bigger and tends to get most of the attention, the Asian sector is wealthier and higher tech. Eighty percent of Asian Americans have broadband at home, compared to 60pc of the general population. Eighty-seven percent go online every day, compared to 73pc of the general population, and laptop ownership is 74pc versus 52pc, Pew survey figures show. Youd think marketers would be falling over themselves to talk to this population, but thats not yet the case, Gitlin said. This is a beautiful marketplace, really attractive, but it doesnt really always get invited. I always describe this market as the Cinderella. AFP


June 18 - 24, 2012
common interest in and a common responsibility to see the decadelong intervention in Afghanistan through to a successful end. He said he understood impatience regarding the conflict in which foreign troops have been helping Afghans fight an insurgency by Taliban militants, saying people want to see the light at the end of the tunnel. People want to see progress, so do I, he said. Despite this impatience, all ISAF coalition partners have decided to stay committed, to see this operation though to a successful end. And thats encouraging despite the economic crisis and declining public support. The NATO plan is to progressively hand control for security in the country to Afghan forces. There may be partners, may be allies, who will reduce their troops presence during the transition period but they have declared they will stay committed throughout the transition until the end of 2014, Rasmussen said. France has announced it will withdraw combat troops by the end of 2012, while Australia has also accelerated the exit of its 1550-strong force, but both nations have said they will continue to contribute to the overall mission. Rasmussen was speaking a day after Afghan President Hamid Karzai said NATO had agreed not to carry out air strikes on residential areas even in selfdefence, apparently contradicting comments made by senior coalition commanders. ISAF ordered an end to air strikes on homes except as a last resort to ensure the defence of troops, Lieutenant General Curtis Scaparrotti, deputy commander of US forces, said on June 11. The order came after General John Allen, the head of ISAF, apologised for the deaths of civilians, including women and children, in an air raid on June 6. But Karzai told a news conference on June 12 that the agreement did not allow air strikes even in selfdefence. AFP

MyanMar tiMes

NATO will not abandon Afghanistan, vows Rasmussen

SYDNEY NATO secretary general Anders Fogh Rasmussen vowed last week not to abandon Afghanistan as foreign nations plan to withdraw forces from the country after a decade of conflict. We will not abandon Afghanistan, we will not leave behind a security vacuum, he told a National Press Club lunch in Canberra on June 13. NATO plans to withdraw its 130,000 troops by the end of 2014 and Rasmussen said the international community had a

US to help the Philippines monitor its coastal waters

WASHINGTON The US military said last week it planned to help the Philippines monitor its coastal waters as Manila faces an escalating dispute with China over territorial claims. We are in the initial planning stages of assisting the Philippines with a National Coast Watch Center, Major Catherine Wilkinson told AFP on June 12. The centre is designed to create an overall picture of what is going on in the Philippines territorial waters, she said. Right now we are discussing a range of options and no details have been finalised. Radars may be an eventual part of the package but it hasnt been determined yet. The cost and the time line for the project were still being worked out, she said. The Philippines has requested radar, patrol aircraft and naval vessels as it seeks to bolster its position in a dispute with China over the Scarborough Shoal, which is near the main Philippine island of Luzon. China claims the area along with virtually all of the South China Sea up to the shores of other Southeast Asian nations, including Malaysia and Vietnam. The Pentagons comments came after President Benigno Aquino held talks the previous week at the White House, during which US counterpart Barack Obama offered a robust show of support. Plan s to h e lp M an ila r ef le c t Washingtons strategic shift towards Asia amid a growing rivalry with Beijing, with the South China Sea the focus of the contest, analysts said. Land-based radar is one of the practical ways the United States can simultaneously boost Philippine defence capabilities and signal Washingtons long-term commitment to Asia, said Patrick Cronin, senior adviser for Asia at the Center for a New American Security, a Washington think tank. Manilas request for US military help marks a reversal after the Philippines evicted the American military from its vast naval base at Subic Bay in 1992. Tensions between Beijing and Manila escalated in April when Chinese and Philippine vessels approached the Scarborough Shoal. Manila says the shoal falls within its exclusive economic zone. In another development, China will conduct an annual naval training drill in the western Pacific, state media reported on June 13. The exercise is not aimed at any specific country or target, the defence ministry said in a statement carried by state-run Xinhua news agency. China hopes all relevant sides will respect Chinas maritime rights, such as freedom of navigation. The ministry did not give further information about the location of the drill, when it would be held or which ships would participate. AFP

Pic: AFP Balinese women perform during the 34th Bali Art Festival in the islands capital, Denpasar, on June 13. The festival features a month of performances, handicraft exhibitions and cultural activities aimed at promoting tourism in the Indonesian resort island.

Thai reconciliation vote postponed Khmer Rouge trial tainted: lawyers

BANGKOK Thailands government said on June 12 it was postponing voting in parliament on controversial reconciliation proposals that have raised political tensions in the divided kingdom. The bills are strongly opposed by opposition MPs who fear they will be used to grant an amnesty to fugitive former premier Thaksin Shinawatra, ousted by royalist generals in a 2006 coup. The cabinet agreed to seek a royal decree to end the current parliamentary session on June 19, said government spokeswoman Sansanee Nakpong. Thousands of royalist Yellow Shirt protesters blockaded parliament last month to prevent the house from discussing the reconciliation plans. The governments moves have also put it at odds with the Constitutional Court, which ordered a halt to voting on the charter amendment bill after a complaint by senators that it aimed to overthrow the monarchy. AFP PHNOM PENH Lawyers for a top Khmer Rouge leader on trial for atrocities said on June 12 they were considering quitting Cambodias UN-backed court because government interference had tainted the proceedings. The defence team for Nuon Chea said a guilty verdict against their client was a foregone conclusion because the trial was marred by a lack of experienced judges and a lack of independence. We are seriously wondering why were here, Michiel Pestman told AFP, referring to himself and two other international colawyers defending Nuon Chea, the deputy leader of the brutal 1975-1979 regime. The outcome will be exactly what the government wants. If (prime minister) Hun Sen says my client is a genocidal killer, Cambodian judges know what to do, the Dutchman said. Hun Sen was quoted telling Vietnamese media in January that Nuon Chea was a killer and genocide (perpetrator). AFP

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Dingo ruling ends legal saga Down Under

SYDNEY A coroner ruled on June 12 that a dingo snatched baby Azaria Chamberlain from a tent in the Australian desert 32 years ago, ending a case that caused a global sensation and spawned a Meryl Streep movie. Azaria disappeared from the tent near Uluru, or Ayers Rock, in 1980 in an incident that sparked decades of debate in Australia over whether her mother Lindy, who was jailed for murder, was responsible for the infants death. I find that a dingo took Azaria and dragged her from her tent, said coroner Elizabeth Morris in the Darwin Magistrates Court, adding that the evidence was sufficiently adequate, clear, cogent and exact. It is clear that there is evidence that in particular circumstances a dingo is capable of attacking, taking and causing the death of young children, she said. Lindy, now known as Chamberlain-Creighton after remarrying, always insisted a dingo took the baby, but her version of events was widely doubted by the Australian public. The finding means she and her ex-husband Michael Chamberlain, who were both in court, have finally won recognition that a native wild dog killed their child. Please accept my sincere sympathy on the death of your special and loved daughter... Azaria, Morris said. Im so sorry for your loss. Time does not remove the pain and sadness of the death of a child. Outside the court, an emotional Lindy who has three other children said she was relieved the case was over. Obviously, we are relieved and delighted to come to an end of this saga, she said. No longer will Australia be able to say dingoes are not dangerous and only attack when provoked. We live in a beautiful country, but it is dangerous. An amended death certificate was made available to Azarias parents immediately, closing a decades-long chapter in Australian legal history. Her father Michael thanked the courageous and independent coroner, saying the truth is out. This has been a terrifying battle, he said. I cannot express strongly enough how important it is to pursue a just cause, even when it seems to be a mission impossible, he said. Azaria was nine weeks old when she went missing on August 17, 1980 during a camping trip to the evocative red monolith in the heart of Australias Outback. The coroner ruled that shortly after Lindy placed Azaria in the tent that afternoon a dingo, or dingoes, entered, took the baby and carried and dragged her away. Morris detailed how the mother was alerted to a babys cry, and on returning to the tent saw a dingo nearby. She raised the alarm but despite an extensive search, the body was never found. The mother was jailed for murder and gave birth to her fourth child while in custody, despite an initial inquest which backed her explanation the baby was snatched. The case inspired the 1988 hit film A Cry in the Dark, starring Streep and Sam Neill, as well as books, a TV mini-series and even an opera, and was followed closely by foreign media, making it a global cause celebre. The convictions of

New strains in Indian coalition
NEW DELHI New strains emerged in Indias ruling coalition on June 14 amid wrangling over their candidate to be the next president, further weakening the already shaky alliance. The Congress party, the biggest member of the leftleaning coalition, had put forward Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee as its preferred choice for the mainly ceremonial post, which will be decided in elections on July 19. But in a move that mirrors previous difficulties, minority partner the Trinamool Congress publicly snubbed him, saying it preferred embattled Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

Chamberlain and her then husband Michael, who was given a suspended term for being an accessory, were overturned in 1988 after the chance find of a piece of Azarias clothing near a dingo lair. A third inquest in 1995 recorded an open finding, in a case that continues to

More Gurkhas to lose jobs in British army

KATHMANDU Hundreds of Britains Nepalese Gurkha fighters are to lose their jobs in a second round of cuts announced on June 13, which will see almost 3000 posts slashed from the army. The British embassy in the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu, said about 320 troops would lose their jobs as the United Kingdoms coalition government takes further steps to slash a record deficit. The steep cuts to the 3000strong Gurkha brigade, which has been part of the British army for nearly two centuries, follow 400 redundancies announced in January. All affected personnel will be given 12 months notice and will be given a comprehensive programme of resettlement into civilian life and help with future employment, the embassy said in a statement. AFP

Australia unveils plans for vast marine parks network

The network will increase the number of reserves from 27 to 60, expanding protection of creatures such as the blue whale, green turtle, critically endangered populations of grey nurse sharks, and dugongs. While some limits will be placed on where energy companies can work, tracts of coast off Western Australia, where Shell and Woodside Petroleum recently won permits, will still be open to oil and gas exploration. It follows warnings from UNESCO that the heritage-listed Great Barrier Reef was at risk of being declared in danger due to an unprecedented resources boom which will see a massive increase in ship traffic and offshore industries. The Australian Conservation Foundation welcomed the reserves initiative, calling it a historic achievement, but said it was concerned that some areas remained under threat. Although the reserve network bans

fascinate the Australian public. The inquest was re-opened after new information from the Chamberlains counsel about dingo attacks, including a nine-year-old boy who was killed by a wild dog in 2001 and a twoyear-old girl who died in 2005. AFP

Landslide engulfs Afghan village

MAZAR-I-SHARIF More than 70 people, most women and children, are feared dead after a landslide triggered by a double earthquake engulfed their Afghan village, officials said on June 12. Two shallow quakes less than half an hour apart shook the mountainous Hindu Kush region the previous day, starting a slide of earth and rock that smashed into a remote village, burying mudbrick houses to a depth of 100 metres (300 feet). Mohammad Daiem Kakar, the head of the national disaster management agency, said the landslide had moved the village 30 metres down the mountainside.

SYDNEY Australia announced plans last week to create the worlds largest network of marine parks to protect ocean life, with limits placed on fishing and oil and gas exploration off the coast. The new reserves would cover 3.1 million square kilometres (1.2 million square miles), or more than one-third of Australian waters, taking in significant breeding and feeding grounds. The announcement on June 14, after years of planning and consultation, came ahead of the Rio+20 summit on sustainable development this week in Brazil, which Environment Minister Tony Burke and Prime Minister Julia Gillard will attend. Its time for the world to turn a corner on protection of our oceans, Burke said. This new network of marine reserves will help ensure that Australias diverse marine environment, and the life it supports, remain healthy, productive and resilient for future generations.

oil and gas exploration in the Coral Sea, the north west region has been left vulnerable to these threats, said chief executive Don Henry. But fishermen criticised the move, claiming coastal communities would be ruined, thousands of jobs lost and the A$2 billion aquaculture industry seriously affected. The Australian Marine Alliance, which has conducted a cost analysis, claim 60 regional communities will be affected, 36,000 jobs lost and 70-80 trawler operators displaced. This is devastating and those that will suffer most will be coastal communities, said Dean Logan, head of the alliance which represents commercial and recreational fishers. Burke said about A$100 million in compensation would be available to the fishing industry. A final consultation period of 60 days is scheduled with the new reserves expected to be officially declared before the end of the year. AFP

Clinton to attend regional forum

WASHINGTON US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on June 12 that she will take part in next months meeting of Southeast Asian nations and regional powers in Cambodia. Clintons decision to attend the ASEAN Regional Forum was announced after talks with Cambodias Foreign Minister, Hor Namhong. The ASEAN Regional Forum brings together the ten members of the regional grouping as well as other countries, including the United States and China.

Turtle species breakthrough

DHAKA Zoologists have for the first time bred a critically endangered turtle species using an artificial beach, Bangladeshi specialists said on June 11. The northern river terrapin, (Batagur baska), is extinct in the wild in Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam, and survives only in tiny numbers in Bangladesh, India, Malaysia and Indonesia. But 25 turtles hatched earlier this month at a beach built on ponds in Bangladeshs Bhawal National Park to encourage their parents which had been captured from the wild to breed in a safe environment. The female turtles laid eggs and last week 25 turtles cubs were hatched, said S.M.A. Rashid, head of the Centre for Advanced Research in Natural Resources and Management, a private wildlife group. Professor Monirul Khan, a leading Bangladeshi wildlife expert, told AFP the breeding breakthrough gave the species the biggest hope for survival against all the odds. AFP

Chinese actress sues HK publications

HONG KONG Chinese actress Zhang Ziyi has sued Hong Kong newspaper the Apple Daily and its sister weekly Next Magazine over reports that she prostituted herself with senior Chinese officials. Zhang signed the suit presented to the Hong Kong High Court on June 12, saying the reports were seriously defamatory and false. AFP

Time out
Humperdinck coming to town
By Nuam Bawi LEGENDARY crooner Engelbert Humperdinck, known as The King of Romance, is coming to Yangon, with a one-night-only performance planned for the National Theatre on July 11. The concert is being organised by Yangon-based Forever Group b r o a d c a s t i n g c o m p a n y, i n cooperation with BEC Tero media company in Bangkok. U Kyaw Win, a spokesperson from Forever Group, told T h e M y a n m a r Ti m e s t h a t representatives from BEC Tero recently came to Yangon for the launch of Channel 7. While they were here they looked at different venues to see whether it would be possible to invite world-famous singers to hold concerts here. They agreed it could be done, so we are organising this concert, he said. He said organisers would try to control the ticket prices so they would not be too high. We dont even know how much it will cost to hold the concert yet. Only after we know the costs can we fix the ticket price, U Kyaw Win said. We dont expect to cover all the costs, we just want to invite a world-famous singer to Myanmar and give local fans the chance to see the concert. Mr Humperdinck is an AngloIndian pop singer who achieved his greatest popularity in the 1960s and 1970s. His most famous songs include Release Me, The Last Waltz, A Man Without Love and After the Lovin. He is well-known among Myanmar musicians, many of whom have covered his songs. Music fans are therefore familiar with some of his music. Although he is 76 years old, he is still writing and recording songs, as well as performing live. Among his recent performances was an appearance at the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 in Azerbaijan on May 26. At part of the concert, MRTV-4, For Tunes, For Choice and Channel 7 will broadcast programs covering his activities during his visit to Myanmar.

The Myanmar Times June 18 - 24, 2012

Engelbert Humperdinck performs at Orleans Showroom in Las Vegas, Nevada, on October 31, 2008. Pic: Wayne Dilger/Wikimedia Commons

Invisible art humours cynics in London show of nothing

By Martin Gayford LONDON As you might expect, theres not a lot to look at in the new exhibition Invisible: Art of the Unseen 1957-2012 at the Hayward Gallery in London. It abounds in empty galleries, blank canvases and unoccupied sculptural plinths. A sensual pleasure for the eye this is not. There are, however, quite a few thought-provoking jokes and conceits to be savoured. Naturally, being in the presence of invisible art provides only vanishingly small benefits to the spectator. Therefore, why not make an invisible visit? That is, dont go to the actual exhibition, but instead contemplate the ideas contained in the galleries from an armchair at home. Its the contention of Ralph Rugoff, the Haywards director, that invisible art constitutes a low-profile tradition dating back seven decades. You can indeed discern a stylistic development in non-visible work similar to that which is familiar in painting, sculpture, installation and more conventionally perceptible forms of visual art. Andy Warhol created an invisible sculpture at a New York night club in the mid-1980s. It consisted of a label reading, Andy Warhol, USA/ Invisible Sculpture/Mixed Media 1985. He stood next to this for a short while then went away. In 1992, Tom Friedman went one better by creating an invisible sculpture, with added unseen lurking menace. This is again an empty pedestal, with above it a spherical ritual space cursed by a professional witch. Its not clear whether this piece ought to carry the occult equivalent of a health-and-safety warning (Caution: Malign Magical Spell Hazard). Both the Warhol and the Friedman are in the exhibition, though obviously not on view. Some pieces in the exhibition are less visible than others. Claes Oldenburgs Proposed Underground Memorial and Tomb for President John F Kennedy (1965) would actually have been observable if it had been constructed, albeit only partially and with difficulty. It was to have consisted of a hollow bronze casting the size of the Statue of Liberty, buried upside down with an opening about the size of a golf ball in the ground above. Through this, spectators could have peered at the interior while kneeling or lying on their stomachs. In comparison, the Taiwaneseborn performance artist Tehching Hsieh has achieved such levels of negative achievement that he makes mere invisibility look unavant-garde. His penultimate work, the last of five one-year performances, No Art Piece (1985-1986) took the form of the artist not seeing, making, talking or reading about or otherwise having anything to do with art for 12 months. He followed this with Tehching Hsieh 1986-1999 (Thirteen Year Plan), in which he made art but in secret without exhibiting it in public or revealing what it was. The invisible tradition goes back to the French artist, Yves Klein, who in 1958 exhibited an entirely empty gallery in Paris, which he claimed to be crammed with an immaterial blue sensibility. Klein subsequently sold collectors zones of immaterial pictorial sensibility in exchange for gold, some of which he threw in the River Seine (and some not). Now, theres a sharply pointed metaphor for a lot of things. Its not only the art world that deals in imperceptible value. Just now the European economy, for example, is full of it. T h e i r o n y i s t h a t K l e i n s certificates transferring ownership of intangible zones might prove to have been a better investment than Greek government bonds. Bloomberg News

Myanmar translation of The River of Lost Footsteps released

By Zon Pann Pwint THE Myanmar-language version of Dr Thant MyintUs 2007 book The River of Lost Footsteps was released on June 13, translated from the original English by Daw Mra Hninzi. I had read the book in 2009 after a friend gave me a copy. He wrote about history as if he were writing a story or legend, which got me excited to know what would happen next, Daw Mra Hninzi, 64, said. I found it very absorbing, and it became one of my favourite books. When Dr Thant Myint-U contacted me to translate it, I agreed without the slightest hesitation, she said, adding that the project took three and a half months to complete. The book is Daw Mra Hninzis 14th translation. Its a good book that people in Myanmar should read. It shows a more complete picture of our history than we learn at school. Readers can know precise details about our history from reading this book, she said. The translation might not be as absolutely riveting as the English version but I kept my translation faithful to the original without leaving out a single fact, she said. Thant Myint-U said his original idea for the translation was to donate his share of the profits to charity. But I am now wondering whether it might not be better to set up a history student prize or a history scholarship. I havent discussed this with anyone yet though. Its just an idea, he told The Myanmar Times by email. I am not a Myanmar writer. I have never published in Myanmar. Perhaps in the future I could do my own translation, but I wouldnt have had the time now though I wanted to, he added. The River of Lost Footsteps is available in bookstores for K6500 a copy.

timeout 2
June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

French Artist actor in talks for Scorsese film

LOS ANGELES French actor Jean Dujardin, star of this years best film Oscar winner The Artist, is in talks to co-star in Martin Scorseses latest movie, his Hollywood agent said last week. Dujardin, who won the best actor Academy Award in February for his role in the silent black and white film, is tipped to join Leonardo DiCaprio and Jonah Hill in Scorseses The Wolf of Wall Street. It is confirmed that Jean is in talks for this, his Los Angeles-based agent Marie Sheehy said, confirming a report in the industry daily Variety. The movie is based on a book by former disgraced stockbroker Jordan Belfort about his rise and fall on Wall Street, along with the hard-partying lifestyle and his stormy personal life, Variety said. The 39-year-old French actor would play JeanJacques Handali, a smoothtalking Swiss banker engaged in money laundering for Belfort who himself was jailed for money laundering in the 1990s played by actor to win an Academy Award. Coincidentally, the French films main rival in February was the lavish 3D adventure Hugo whose director Scorsese could now be in charge of Dujardin in The Wolf of Wall Street. The film would arguably mark another step in his admission into the Hollywood big league, starring alongside an A-lister like DiCaprio, after what was initially a relatively low-key French film like The Artist. The Gallic stars latest role is in the The Players (Les Infideles), released in France in February and produced by the Weinstein Company, which was behind The Artist. He is also attached to star with Tim Roth in Mobius by French director Eric Rochant, according to Variety. AFP

Refugee exhibition continues in Mandalay

AN exhibition of photographs showing conditions in Kachin State refugee camps raised nearly K15 million during its three-day run, ending June 11, at Royal Rose Restaurant in Yangon. Plans are now underway to send the 5 for Peace show to Mandalay later this month in an effort to raise more money to help people in the camps. The Yangon exhibition featured 96 images by five photographers and journalists: journalist Ye Naing Moe, freelance photojournalist Soe Win Nyein, 7Day journal editor Arr Man, Myo Min Htike from Venus News journal, and San Yu Kyaw from Modern and Kumudra news journals. The photos were taken during a trip to Kachin State in second week of May. Of the nearly 100 photos exhibited in Yangon, 32 were sold, while visitors donated an additional K200,000. Soe Win Nyein said the exhibition was travelling to Mandalay to raise more funds for the refugees. We now have nearly K15 million to donate, but we are holding another exhibition of photos that were not sold in Yangon, he said. Well also use the name 5 for Peace in Mandalay because we will continue to donate all the money we raise to Kachin refugees. He said the organisers were still looking for a suitable venue for the exhibit in Mandalay, which they hoped to hold by the end of this month. As in Yangon, the photos will be sold for K30,000 each. We will go to Kachin State from Mandalay, but we are still planning the trip, U Soe Win Nyein said, adding: Im satisfied that most of my photos have already been sold because I want to help refugees. Nyein Ei Ei Htwe

Martin Scorsese attends the Berlin International Film Festival on February 13, 2010. Pic: Siebbi/Wikimedia Commons DiCaprio. Filming will begin this summer in New York on the movie, which is based on a screenplay by Terence Winter. Dujardin has been a huge star in his homeland for years but was virtually unknown elsewhere before the Oscars triumph for The Artist, which made him the first French

Nick Drake, lost son of Rangoon

By Douglas Long ON June 19, 1948, five months after Myanmar gained its hard-won independence from Britain, another noteworthy incident occurred in Yangon, this one escaping the worlds notice at the time but destined years later to have a significant, if underrated, impact on a field far removed from global politics. The event in question was the birth of Nicholas Rodney Drake at Dufferin Hospital, now the Yangon Central Womens Hospital on Min Ye Kyaw Swar Street in Lanmadaw township. Nicholas parents Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation employee Rodney Drake, and Mary Lloyd, the daughter of a senior member of the Indian Civil Service had met in Burma in 1934 and married in 1937. In 1950 the family moved from Rangoon to Bombay, and the following year they returned to England and settled in a country house in the village of Tanworth-in-Arden in west Warwickshire. The boy born in Rangoon would grow up to become Nick Drake, a singersongwriter who released three albums of melancholic, guitar-based music from 1969 to 1972. His short career ended in 1974, at the age of 26, when he died from an overdose of a prescribed antidepressant. Whether the overdose was intentional or accidental has been a point of debate in the years since. Nick Drake who would have been 64 years old this week was never a popular musician during his lifetime, and his albums Bryter Layter (1970) and Pink Moon (1972) each sold fewer than 5000 copies when initially released. Part of the blame for this lack of success lay with the musician himself: Suffering from depression and tending toward extreme introversion, he usually refused to perform live or give interviews. In the years after his death, Drakes music was forgotten by nearly everyone except a small group of hardcore fans. But in the 1980s some notable musicians began citing him as a major influence, including REMs Peter Buck and The Cures Robert Smith. The Dream Academy also dedicated their hit song Life in a Northern Town (1985) to Drake. His influence continued to grow, if at a glacial pace, through the 1990s. The decade saw the release of a series of documentaries about his life, including Lost Boy: In Search of Nick Drake, narrated by Brad Pitt, who confessed to being a fan of the musician. Drakes big posthumous breakthrough finally occurred in 1999 when The Guardian newspaper named Bryter Layter the best alternative album of all time, but more visibly when his song Pink Moon was used in a popular Volkswagen Cabrio television commercial. While some long-time fans were disturbed by the use of Drakes music to sell cars, the advertisement brought his songs to a whole new generation of listeners, and resulted in a massive increase in sales: More Drake records were sold within 30 days of the ads appearance than in the 30 years following the release of his debut album Five Leaves Left (1969). Other important musicians began citing Drake as an influence including Lucinda Williams, Badly Drawn Boy, Lou Barlow, Kate Bush, Paul Weller and The Black Crowes and more companies, such as US telecom giant AT&T, based television advertisements around his songs. Drakes late-blooming popularity is well deserved. Many musicians claim that their music comes from the heart, but few demonstrate an uncompromising willingness to delve deep inside their troubled psyches, and then share with the world the thorny truths they find within. Drake clearly had no qualms about taking this approach. His lyrics reflect his lifelong battle with depression, as well as his love of inwardlooking poets like William Blake and William Butler Yeats who were not afraid to cast themselves adrift in the turbulent seas of emotional ambiguity. Musically, Drakes songs have an organic, authentic feel, the antithesis of K-pop boy bands and other pseudomusicians who have been artificially manufactured by producers with the primary aim not so much to entertain as to make money. Five Leaves Left and Bryter Layter are characterised by austere instrumentation, including minimalist string, brass and saxophone arrangements, while Pink Moon is even starker: just a man and his guitar carving out a quiet corner amid the cacophony of the world. The sound of this last album is pure Drake, joyfully sombre, a soundtrack for the sweet agony of dark, fathomless nights. The songs seem mysterious at first, and only become increasingly enigmatic with subsequent listens. Herein lies the real appeal of Drakes music. While many new albums wear out their welcome after 10, or five, or even fewer listens, the 31 songs that make up these three albums still, four decades on, pack a beautiful and terrifyingly transcendent punch. Five Leaves Left, Bryter Layeter and Pink Moon are available for download from iTunes, and other music websites.


timeout 3
June 18 - 24, 2012
leave the country. Last month, he moved back into the news when a Chinese court unexpectedly agreed to hear his lawsuit against the government, accusing it of breaking the law by levying a US$2.4 million fine for tax evasion on the company he founded that produces much of his work. Two current installations in Washington DC, Fragments, at the Sackler, and Circle of Animals/Zodiac Heads at the Hirshhorn Museum, are the advance guard of a major retrospective titled Ai Weiwei: According to What? and scheduled to open at the Hirshhorn in October. Ai has fused a lot of perennially popular artworld tropes into a single conceptual life-as-art juggernaut. Hes a figurehead of the once-burgeoning Chinese art market, an artist who keeps the line between life and work fluid; an auteur who creates his work in a part of his art, as well. Yet hes said he wants his works to be judged on their merits as objects rather than ideas. So: the objects. Fragments is defined by its material: Ai collected the wood and thought about how best to use it. Its an embracing physical presence, dominated by the warm darkness of the old wood. But the wood, hacked and muted, embodies a complex narrative about culture and value: Once-holy temples become meaningless and are discarded to make room for progress, then are reclaimed as ruins and reassembled into an object that ends up being even more venerated. There is, in short, something worth saving about the fragments of a culture even though cultural value is ephemeral. Its a strong message, but not a bleak one: The structure, tracing Chinas outline, is nostalgic, comforting, embracing. Does it represent an older China? A friendly China? A China that castrates its own cultural heritage, leaving impotent fragments as testimony? The piece feels benevolent, yet it is built of inarticulate fragments, stunted in their gestures, giving it a sense of folkloric primitivism that nicely evokes a touristic nostalgia while deliberately failing to recapture any of the woods former elegance. Circle of Animals/Zodiac Heads, billed as Ais first major public sculpture, has a whole different relationship to its material (bronze). For one thing, theres more than one copy of it: A smaller, gilded set of the heads is on display in San Diego, and there are further sets on exhibit elsewhere. For another, it embodies an absence, not a presence; these heads are not original, but replicas. They echo a set of water-spewing heads, representing the 12 animals of the Chinese zodiac, designed by an 18th century Italian Jesuit for the Old Summer Palace in Beijing, which was then looted and destroyed during the Second Opium War in 1860. Only seven of the original heads now exist; two were put up at auction at Christies in 2009, leading to a vehement protest in China about a piece of cultural heritage that the country believes should be returned. So while the 12 bronze heads guarding the Hirshhorns central fountain are massive physical objects, their physicality is almost a rebuff a rebuff only strengthened by how the Hirshhorn has positioned them: facing out from the fountain so that you have to walk the full perimeter of the courtyard to see them all and a look across the fountain yields only the backs of heads. These zodiac heads are deeply ambivalent objects. They are not pretty or appealing. They are not exactly faithful recreations of the originals: They look a little slicker, more polished, slightly Disneyfied. They include lots of naturalistic

MyanMar tiMes

Ai Weiwei: fragments of a cultural past

By Anne Midgette THERES a map of China in the lobby of the Smithsonians Arthur M Sackler Gallery in Washington DC. It wont strike you as a map if you look at it. Its a structure made of big, dark, wooden beams pinned together with smaller wooden posts, looping around a central area at improbable, disjointed angles, like something a giant child might build with a set of Tinkertoys. Indeed, it feels like a playhouse. Like a trunk of old clothes in the attic, it is filled with a motley mix of cast-off parts, no longer functional or even whole. The beams and supports come from dismantled Qing Dynasty temples, chopped into log-like segments so that bits of carving gesture mutely, cut off before they can finish. Pieces of defunct furniture are built into the structure:

Ai Weiweis Circle of Animals/Zodiac Heads is displayed at the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, DC. Pic: Cathy Carver/AW Asia detail without being realistic; the snake is stylized to the point of resembling a Transformer. Some of them are heraldic (the resplendent dragon), some rather noble (the aristocratic ram), some fatuous (the horse with its tousled, LittleLord-Fauntleroy hair and anxious eyes like a desperate housewife), some repugnant (the pig with its broad, almost prehensile nose tip, its huge ears, its impossible proliferation of little square teeth). Standing on odd stalks rising from the ground, like something out of Willy Wonkas chocolate factory, cut off from connection to their original context, they are blatantly reduced to mere objects, heads without bodies, fountainheads without water. They are an elaborate memorial to works that were created by non-Chinese artists for an oppressive ruling class that through an odd alchemy have somehow come to represent a cornerstone of Chinese heritage. The China they represent is not a nice China. A i s o b j e c t s m a y b e important, but the creative act is distanced from its physical realisation: He comes up with the idea and lets it play itself out. In this, he is squarely in the Western tradition of conceptual artists: Think Sol LeWitt or Jeff Koons, whose work the slick, cartoony Zodiac Heads evoke. A difference is that Ai, as part of addressing Chinese issues, folds Chinese artisanship into the process. Part of the resonance of Fragments derives from its traditional craftsmanship: This, too, has become a residual fragment of the cultural past that needs to be saved, re-examined or recycled. What Ai offers is conceptual art for a large audience, taking on big, inflated targets (the rise of capitalism in China; the shoddy construction that led to the crumbling of poorly built schools in the 2008 Szechuan earthquake) in big, inflated works (like Cube Light, an enormous piece the Hirshhorn acquired in April, or the documenta XIIi piece, Fairytale, which cost more than US$4 million): giant play, indeed. His prolific outpouring of art is offhandedly thoughtful, deliberately playful, happy to pose questions and let others think through to the answers or not. In China, the fact that the questions are being asked, and the pot is being stirred, has an urgency not much protest art has in this country something underlined by Ais detention. Its still uncertain whether Ai will be able to attend the opening of the Hirshhorn show on October 7, but he is working on a new piece for it with another kind of cultural artefact: steel beams from schools destroyed in the Szechuan earthquake: another angle on a playhouse no one ever wanted to enter. Fragments is on view through April 7, 2013 at the Smithsonians Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Circle of Animals/Zodiac Heads is on view through February 24, 2013, at the Hirshhorn Museum. Ai Weiwei: According to What? will open October 7 and extend through February 23, 2013. The Washington Post

Ai Weiweis Dropping a Han Dynasty Urn, 1995/2009, one of a triptych of photos. Pic: Courtesy of Ai Weiwei a table whose legs dont quite reach the ground, two stools linked at the seats like conjoined twins, sitting about in the area of Taiwan. The title of this object is Fragments. It dates from 2005, and its by the Chinese artist Ai Weiwei. Youve read the headlines: Ai, nearly 55, the dissident artist-architect-writercurator-activist-social critic who was the artistic adviser to Herzog & de Meurons Birds Nest Olympic stadium in Beijing, became a cause celebre when the Chinese government detained him without explanation for 81 days last year on a range of charges, including tax evasion. He is still forbidden to collaboration with other people, like the traditional craftsmen who used postand-beam construction to assemble Fragments without a nail or screw, just a thwack of hammer sending wooden peg through perfectly aligned cut holes. H e s a l s o d e s t r o y e d artefacts, like the Han Dynasty urn he broke in a triptych of 1995 photos. Hes worked as an architect; sent 1001 people from China to roam the streets of Kassel, Germany, in one of the works he displayed in the German mega-show documenta XII in 2007; made films documenting the physical transformation of Beijing; protested corruption and human-rights violations in China on his blog, which was

June 18 - 24, 2012
AB Bank Opening Ceremony

MyanMar tiMes
SOCIALITE launched her week at the Shelton International College press conference in Pazundaung township on June 4. The next day she soaked in the environment-themed artworks at the Green Future Art Festival at Gallery 65. June 6 was unusually busy for a Wednesday, WITH NYEIN EI EI HTWE with stops at the Qingjian International opening on U Chit Mg Road, the Bangpakok 9 International Hospital branch office opening at Diamond Condominium, a lucky draw as Dagon Center II, the AB Bank opening ceremony, and the Synergy Night Party at Sedona Hotel. Socialite spent the next day recovering from all this mid-week activity, but on June 7 she was back on her feet and out the door to the Classic Wire and Cable dinner party at Sedona Hotel.


Bangpakok 9 Hospital Branch Office Opening

Mohd Mahmudur Rahman (Bakul), Mr A Awal, Mr Wahidu Hque and Mr FazlurRahman

Tin Moe Lwin U Aye Ko Dr Maung Maung Kyaw Thu

Geneg Anup Kumar Chamke and wife

U Win Tun

Ma Tin Mar and Dr Min Thet Soe Naing U Myint Than

Shelton International College Press Conference

SAUDI ARABIA The Annual Gift

Ma Ja Bauk, Ma Phyu Phyu Myint and Ma Nay Chi Oo

Ms Lesley Lim


Mr Patrick M Hogan Ko Nway Moe Aung

Classic Wire and Cable Gathering

Ma Nan Mya Myo Myintzu

Green Future Art Festival

Mr Shreegopal Kabra and U Hla Myint Daw Khin Than Phyu and Lae Phyu Pyar Myo Myint Dr Maung Maung Oo and friend

Ko Aung Aung Khine Phone, Su Lynn Yin and father

U Hla Myint, Daw Khin Khin Win and Mr Dinesh

Artist Ash, U Own and Daw Htike Htike Aung Lae Pyu Pyar Myo Myint and Yadanar U Khin Mg Thein, Mr Dinesh Modani, Mrs Kirti Kabra and Mr Prabin Kabra


June 18 - 24, 2012
Synergy Night Party Dagon Center Shopping Mall II Lucky Draw

MyanMar tiMes

Mr Pornpavit W Paul, Mr K and Mr Somphoj Aimpradit Ko Kyaw Myo Naing and U Myitter

Daw Khine Khine Win and Daw May Su

Dr Thet Naing and Dr Tin Htun Lwin

Ma Nyo Mie Sein, Ma Phyu Sin Thant and Ma Pwint Yee Hlaing

Ma Mon Mon Aung and Ma Aye Aye Cho

Dr Phyu Phyu Win, Dr Win Myint Than and Daw San San Cho U Myint Aung, Ko Aung Myo Paing and U San Win

Qingjian International Opening

Mr Sang Shang Feng

Ma Cherry Ko Ko Naing Ko Phyoe Wai Lin

U Kyaw Thein Tan Daw Tin Tin Aye

Lamin Eain

Ya Min Thet Htar Tun

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

A walk on the high side in Nepal

By Paige McClanahan SO whats the worst time of year for avalanches around here? I was pretty sure that I knew the answer to my question before it left my mouth, but part of me just wanted to know for sure. Our guide, Ram, a 24-year-old Nepali built like a young Sylvester Stallone, peered at me through his knockoff Ray-Bans and cocked his head to one side. March, April yeah, those are the worst months for avalanches, he said, gesturing up toward the glacier that loomed above the narrow valley we were about to traverse. And there we were in mid-April. April 13, actually. Friday, April 13. Perfect. This was my first time in Nepal, although it certainly didnt feel like it. My husband had lived in the country for nearly two years when he was in his early 20s, a decade before I knew him, and ever since, hes been daydreaming about the place and scheming how to get back. His photographs of Nepals soaring mountains, Buddhist relics and smiling, weather-beaten people have adorned our walls ever since we moved in together. So when a couple of old friends invited me to join them on a trek in Nepals Annapurna Sanctuary a Delaware-sized chunk of land thats home to 20,000-foot mountains, rhododendron forests, glacier-fed rivers and maybe even a Yeti or two I jumped at the chance. Our plan was to spend 10 days on foot, taking an indirect route up to Annapurna Base Camp, the snowy, wind-battered little clutch of buildings from which real mountaineers scale the peaks that tower overhead. I was going to be walking with my friends Alec and Danielle, a Canadian couple who were finishing up three months of traveling across South Asia. On Day 1, we started the morning in Pokhara, the mountain town wed flown to from Kathmandu the day before. A 90-minute car ride, which we had arranged with our guesthouse the night before, delivered us to the start of the trail. We got out of the car, strapped on our packs and started to walk. And we werent the only ones. A few dozen other Westerners and Asians clustered around the start of the trail. Like us, most of them were toting trekking poles and Nalgene water bottles, smearing on sunscreen and lacing up their boots before setting off on the trail. The owner of our guesthouse in Pokhara had warned us that wed probably run into crowds along the route up to the base camp. The Annapurna region is the most popular trekking destination in Nepal, attracting about 50,000 tourists every year. Most of those visitors pass through during one of the two peak seasons: in October and November, when the air is especially crisp and clear or, like us, in April and May, when Annapurnas thousands of acres of rhododendrons burst into bloom. I was relieved to see, however, that the crowds quickly thinned as we made our way along the trail. A couple of hours in, the three of us were on our own. We made it to our guesthouse in Uleri, the village where we stayed that first night, about half an hour before it started to hail. The hot, hazy morning had bred dark, rumbling storm clouds, which grew heavier as the day progressed. Just past 3pm, thunder boomed and the skies opened, pelleting the along the way. Plus, he knew something about the avalanches that threatened the route, and that was knowledge that I was definitely willing to pay for. And that avalanche section, Im happy to report, passed without incident, Friday the 13th notwithstanding. It was just one stretch that took about an hour to cross, and although Ram kept eyeing the valley walls to look for gushes of snow, nothing came. I was relieved to have made it through unscathed, but then I soon had other things to worry about. Things like hypothermia. The night before reaching the Annapurna Base Camp (ABC), we slept at Machapuchare Base Camp, which lies 1300 feet below. Our plan, Ram explained, was to rise in the pre-dawn darkness to do the final walk up to ABC, which, at 13,550 feet, was the highest point we would reach on the trek. He wanted us to catch the sunrise up top. Ram explained the plan as we sat huddled in the drafty dining room of our guesthouse at Machapuchare Base Camp. Outside, it had started to snow first just a few flakes, then heavily. There wasnt a wood stove in this guesthouse, and I could see my breath as I sat at the table, clutching my mug of tea and doing my best to think warm thoughts. Ram was arguing for a departure time of 4am, but the rest of us were sceptical. We talked him down to 5am. But still, setting out that early in the cold and dark, and possibly in falling snow, wasnt going to be easy. Danielle suggested that we bring along a few Snickers bars, which we could buy there at the guesthouse, to enjoy at the top. She offered to keep them in her coat pocket so they wouldnt freeze on the walk up. None of us wanted to crack a tooth on a rock-hard candy bar. That night, I curled into a little ball under the thick, damp blanket that the guesthouse had provided, wearing every item of clothing Id brought with me, raincoat and wool hat included. And I wasnt hot. Next time, I thought, Im bringing a sleeping bag. The alarm on Alecs phone went off at 4:40am, although Im pretty sure that all three of us were already awake. We set off under a night sky half covered in clouds, but the moonlight was still so bright that we barely needed a flashlight to follow the trail through the snow. Ram led the way, setting a steady pace to make sure that we didnt exhaust ourselves, which is easy to do at that altitude. We reached the base camp in about 90 minutes, just as the sky was shifting from a deep marine blue to a golden-flecked pink. A few dozen other trekkers were standing around outside, slapping their hands together to keep warm as they waited for the dawn. Just past 7am, the sun finally spilled over the lip of the ridge in the distance, warming my windnipped face and softening the snow underfoot. I took out my camera and snapped a few photos, then stood there for a moment, taking it in. What would it be like, I wondered, to stand at the summit of one of those mountains on the horizon alone at the top of the world, no sound but the wind in your ears, watching dawn spread over the valleys and villages below? My stomach grumbled, rousing me from my daydream. I turned to look for Alec and Danielle. The sun was up, and we had some Snickers to eat. The Washington Post

Air Bagan Ltd.(W9)

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Air China (CA)

Building (2), corner of Pyay Rd and Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Hotel Yangon, 8 miles, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : 666112, 655882.

Bangkok Airways (PG)

Yangon. Tel: 255122, 255 265, Fax: 255119

#0305, 3rd Fl, Sakura Tower, 339, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Kyauktada Tsp,

Air India

75, Shwe Bon Thar St, Pabedan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 253597~98, 254758. Fax: 248175

Myanmar Airways International(8M)

08-02, Sakura Tower, 339, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Kyauktada Tsp, Ygn. Tel : 255260, Fax: 255305

Malaysia Airlines (MH)

335/357, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Pabedan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 387648, 241007 ext : 120, 121, 122 Fax : 241124 339, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, 2nd Floor, Sakura Tower, Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 255 287~9 , Fax: 255 290

Silk Air(MI)

Thai Airways (TG)

#11-01, Sakura Tower, 339, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Kyauktada Tsp, Ygn. Tel : 255499 Fax : 255490

Many tourists visit Nepals Annapurna region in springtime, when thousands of acres of rhododendrons burst into bloom. Pic: Paige McClanahan/The Washington Post ground with marble-size balls of ice. We took refuge in the dining room of our guesthouse, working our way through a mega-thermos of milkysweet spiced tea, and feeling very happy not to be outdoors. That night and every night for the next 10 days the three of us shared a room for the staggering price of about US$1.50 apiece. Each of us had a twin bed that came with a pillow, a heavy blanket and clean sheets. Not exactly the Hilton, but it was definitely more luxurious than a leaky tent and a trowel. If this was trekking, I thought, I could handle it. In the days that followed, we quickly settled into a routine of waking up early, walking for four or five hours, stopping for a hot lunch at a guesthouse along the trail, then huffing along for another hour or two until we reached the next nights lodging. By 2pm we were usually done with the days exercise; afternoons involved a lot of lounging, napping and tea drinking. Despite our siesta-heavy schedule, we managed to cover a lot of ground. Alec later calculated that we walked up and down more than 18,000 feet over the course of the trek. A lot of that height gain came in the form of steep stone steps, which were impressively built but not so easy on the knees, or the lungs. But then, on Day 5, halfway t h r o u gh the trip, something miraculous happened: My legs got used to it, and so did my back. My thighs stopped screaming when I hoisted myself up yet another stone step, and my pack started to feel like just another appendage. Maybe it helped that there were so many things to distract us along the trail. As advertised, the lipstick-pink rhododendron blooms were out in full force whole forests of them, not bushes but trees, some as tall as three-story buildings. At that altitude about 6000 feet the forest was surprisingly lush, with moss dripping off the trees and the air filled with the sound of trickling water and singing birds. At one point, a rustle in the leaves overhead turned out to be a couple of black-and-white-faced langur monkeys chasing each other from branch to branch. As we got higher, the trees grew smaller and sparser, and the mountains, colossal hunks of rock and ice, started to emerge on the horizon. We saw peaks like Dhaulagiri, the worlds seventhtallest mountain, Annapurna I, the 10th tallest, and the legendary Machapuchare, which is off-limits to climbers. Ram, our fearless guide, was with us the whole way. Wed decided against hiring porters we would each carry our own bag of clothes, water and snacks but we thought it was worth it to invest in a guide, and in the end we were glad that we had. Ram made sure that we had beds and blankets at all the guesthouses, helped us pace the walk and kept us company

Vietnam Airlines (VN)

#1702, Sakura Tower 339, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon. Fax 255086. Tel 255066/ 255088/ 255068.

Domestic Airlines
Yangon Airways(YH)

166, MMB Tower, Level 5, Upper Pansodan Rd, Mingalar Taungnyunt Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (+95-1) 383 100, 383 107, 700 264, Fax: 652 533.

Air Bagan Ltd.(W9)

56, Shwe Taung Gyar Street, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102


33-49,Corner of Bank Street & Maha Bandoola Garden Street, Kyauktada Tsp,Yangon, Myanmar Tel: 372977~80, 533030~39 (Airport) Fax: 372983

Air Mandalay (6T)

146, Dhamazedi Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon Tel : 501520, 525488 (Head Office) 720309, 652753, 652754 (Airport Office), Fax: 525 937

Asian Wings (AW)

No.34(A-1), Shwe Taung Gyar Street, Bahan Township,Yangon.Myanmar. Tel: 951 516654, 532253, 09-73135991~3.Fax: 951 532333


June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes


DAYS Flight
MON AW 891 6T 405 AW 911 6T 401 K7 222 W9 011 6T 801 AW 761 6T 351 K7 824 AW 791 K7 224 6T 501 K7 228 YH 909 6T 405 AW 891 AW 901 W9 251 6T 401 6T 801 YH 729 AW 761 K7 622 K7 224 6T 501 AW 891 AW 911 6T 401 6T 331 K7 222 6T 801 AW 751 YH 737 K7 824 K7 622 W9 261 AW 791 YH 731 6T 501 YH 909 AW 891 AW 901 6T 401 W9 255 6T 331 YH 729 AW 201 K7 226 K7 224 6T 501 YH 731 AW 891 W9 251 6T 401 YH 917 6T 331 K7 222 AW 751 AW 211 K7 824 6T 501 YH 731 W9 271 6T 403 YH 909 AW 891 AW 911 6T 401 YH 729 6T 801 AW 601 K7 622 K7 224 6T 501 AW 891 YH 909 AW 891 6T 401 W9 255 K7 222 6T 801 AW 211 AW 751 K7 622 6T 501 YH 634 AW 892 6T 402 K7 223 W9 262 6T 802 W9 021 YH 728 AW 762 K7 224 6T 502 K7 825 W9 009 AW 902 AW 892 6T 402 YH 910 W9 011 YH 812 6T 802 W9 251 W9 150 AW 762 K7 224 YH 730 6T 502


DAYS Flight
MON W9 143 AW 892 YH 918 W9 011 6T 402 K7 223 AW 792 K7 225 AW 892 YH 918 W9 011 6T 402 W9 116 K7 827 K7 225 W9 143 AW 892 YH 918 6T 402 K7 223 W9 143 AW 892 YH 918 6T 402 K7 827 K7 225 W9 143 AW 892 YH 918 6T 402 K7 223 AW 911 W9 143 AW 892 YH 918 6T 402 K7 827 AW 752 K7 225 AW SPL AW 892 YH 918 W9 011 6T 402 K7 223 AW 752 W9 116 YH 738 6T 611 W9 309 6T 611 W9 309 6T 611 W9 309 6T 611 W9 309 6T 607 W9 309 K7 426 6T 611 W9 309 6T 611 W9 309 K7 426 6T 612 W9 310 6T 612 W9 310 6T 612 W9 310 6T 612 W9 310 6T 608 W9 310 K7 427 6T 612 W9 310 6T 612 K7 427 K7 319 6T 707 AW 301 K7 313 6T 707 K7 313 6T 707 K7 319 6T 707 AW 301 AW 301 K7 319 6T 707 K7 319 6T 707 K7 319 6T 707 AW 301 K7 320 6T 708 K7 314 6T 708 AW 302 K7 314 6T 708 AW 302 K7 320 6T 708 K7 320 6T 708 K7 320 6T 708 K7 320 6T 708 AW 302

06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 07:00 07:30 08:30 11:00 11:30 12:30 14:30 15:00 15:00 06:00 06:15 06:15 06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 08:00 11:00 11:00 13:30 15:00 15:00 06:15 06:30 06:30 07:00 07:00 10:45 11:00 11:00 12:30 13:30 13:30 14:30 15:00 15:00 06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 06:30 07:00 10:30 11:00 13:30 15:00 15:00 15:00 06:15 06:30 06:30 06:30 07:00 07:00 11:00 11:00 12:30 15:00 15:00 06:00 06:15 06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 10:30 10:45 11:30 13:30 15:00 15:00 16:15 06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 07:00 08:00 11:00 11:00 13:30 15:00 08:35 08:35 08:55 09:35 10:50 13:20 14:10 16:30 16:35 16:45 17:20 18:20 08:30 08:35 08:35 08:55 09:25 09:25 13:25 13:30 13:35 16:20 16:35 16:45 17:20 17:20

08:20 08:20 07:55 08:35 09:15 08:30 09:55 12:55 12:55 13:55 15:55 16:25 17:00 07:25 07:55 08:20 08:20 08:20 07:55 08:35 09:25 12:40 12:55 14:55 16:25 17:00 08:20 07:50 08:35 08:25 09:15 12:10 12:10 13:10 13:55 14:55 14:55 16:25 17:10 17:00 07:55 08:20 08:35 08:35 08:55 08:25 13:30 12:55 14:55 16:25 17:00 17:10 08:20 07:55 08:35 08:50 08:25 09:15 12:25 12:55 13:55 17:00 17:10 07:25 07:40 07:55 08:20 07:50 07:50 13:30 12:10 12:55 14:55 16:25 17:00 08:20 08:30 08:20 08:35 08:55 09:15 09:25 12:25 12:25 14:55 17:00 10:00 10:30 10:55 11:45 12:15 14:45 15:10 17:55 18:00 20:00 19:25 19:45 09:30 10:00 10:30 10:55 10:50 11:10 14:50 14:55 15:00 17:45 18:40 20:00 18:45 19:25

DAYS Flight
WED W9 009 AW 892 6T 332 6T 402 K7 223 W9 021 6T 802 AW 792 YH 738 AW 752 6T 502 K7 825 W9 009 AW 892 6T 332 AW 902 6T 402 YH 812 W9 021 AW 202 K7 224 YH 730 6T 502 W9 009 AW 892 6T 332 YH 918 6T 402 K7 223 W9 251 AW 212 YH 731 6T 502 W9 232 YH 728 K7 825 6T 404 AW 892 6T 402 W9 011 W9 262 YH 812 6T 802 AW 602 K7 224 YH 730 6T 502 W9 009 YH 910 AW 892 6T 402 W9 011 K7 223 W9 256 YH 812 6T 802 AW 212 YH 738 6T 502 W9 143 AW 891 YH 633 6T 401 YH 917 K7 222 K7 224 W9 143 AW 901 AW 891 6T 401 YH 917 K7 224 W9 143 AW 891 6T 401 K7 222 YH 917 AW 781 AW 891 W9 009 AW 901 6T 401 YH 917 K7 224 AW 891 W9 009 6T 401 YH 917 K7 222 AW 891 6T 403 W9 009 6T 401 YH 917 6T 801 K7 224 W9 143 AW 891 YH 909 W9 009 6T 401 YH 917 K7 222 K7 222 AW 792 W9 109 YH 732 6T 502 K7 225

08:30 08:35 08:45 08:55 09:35 14:10 15:35 16:40 17:10 17:50 17:20 18:20 08:30 08:35 08:45 08:50 08:55 13:10 14:10 16:00 16:45 17:15 17:20 08:30 08:35 08:45 08:50 08:55 09:35 13:35 16:30 17:10 17:20 17:35 17:45 18:20 08:00 08:35 08:55 09:25 10:50 13:10 15:35 16:40 16:45 17:15 17:20 08:30 08:35 08:35 08:55 09:25 09:35 11:20 13:10 13:30 16:00 17:10 17:20 06:00 06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 07:00 15:00 06:00 06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 15:00 06:00 06:15 06:30 07:00 06:30 15:00 06:15 06:30 06:30 06:30 06:30 15:00 06:15 06:30 06:30 06:30 07:00 06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 06:30 10:30 15:00 06:00 06:15 06:15 06:30 06:30 06:30 07:00 08:40 17:50 17:25 17:55 18:05 18:40

09:30 10:30 10:10 10:55 11:45 15:10 17:00 18:45 18:35 19:15 19:25 19:45 09:30 10:30 10:10 10:15 10:55 14:35 15:10 17:25 20:00 18:45 19:25 09:30 10:30 10:10 10:45 10:55 11:45 15:00 17:55 19:25 19:25 19:00 19:10 19:45 10:05 10:30 10:55 11:10 12:15 14:35 17:00 18:05 20:00 18:45 19:25 09:30 10:00 10:30 10:55 11:10 11:45 12:45 14:35 14:55 17:25 18:35 19:25 07:20 07:35 07:50 07:50 08:05 08:20 18:20 07:20 07:35 07:35 07:50 08:05 18:20 07:20 07:35 07:50 08:20 08:05 17:10 07:35 07:25 07:50 07:50 08:05 18:20 07:35 07:25 07:50 08:05 08:20 07:35 08:30 07:25 07:50 08:05 11:50 18:20 07:20 07:35 07:50 07:25 07:50 08:05 08:20 11:45 19:10 18:20 19:15 19:25 20:00

DAYS Flight
TUE YH 910 AW 762 W9 109 AW 792 6T 502 YH 732 K7 225 K7 222 W9 109 AW 792 YH 732 6T 502 YH 910 W9 109 YH 732 6T 502 K7 225 K7 222 W9 109 YH 732 6T 502 YH 910 6T 404 W9 109 YH 732 6T 502 K7 225 K7 222 YH 910 W9 109 YH 732 6T 502 W9 255 W9 251 K7 622 K7 622 AW 201 W9 255 W9 251 K7 622 AW 211 W9 255 K7 622 W9 256 W9 252 K7 623 K7 623 AW 202 W9 256 W9 252 K7 623 W9 256 K7 623 K7 222 W9 119 AW 761 YH 727 6T 501 YH 731 K7 224 K7 826 6T 801 W9 115 AW 761 YH 811 6T 501 YH 731 K7 224 AW 911 K7 222 W9 119 YH 737 AW 791 6T 501 YH 731 K7 826 AW 761 AW 201 YH 811 W9 109 6T 501 YH 731 K7 224 K7 222 AW 211 W9 109 6T 501 YH 731 K7 826 AW 751 W9 119 YH 811 6T 501 YH 731 K7 224 K7 222 AW SPL AW 751 W9 115 YH 811 6T 501 YH 731 YH 737

08:40 17:20 17:25 17:25 18:05 18:10 18:40 08:40 17:25 17:25 17:55 18:05 08:40 17:25 17:55 18:05 18:40 08:40 17:25 17:55 18:05 08:40 08:45 17:25 17:55 18:05 18:40 08:40 08:40 17:25 17:55 18:05 06:30 06:30 13:30 13:30 06:30 06:30 06:30 13:30 06:00 06:30 13:30 09:45 12:05 16:50 16:50 09:35 09:45 12:05 16:50 09:45 16:50 07:00 11:00 11:00 11:00 15:00 15:00 15:00 07:00 08:00 11:00 11:00 11:15 15:00 15:00 15:00 06:30 07:00 11:00 11:00 14:30 15:00 15:00 07:00 11:00 11:00 11:00 14:30 15:00 15:00 15:00 07:00 11:00 14:30 15:00 15:00 07:00 11:00 11:00 11:00 15:00 15:00 15:00 07:00 07:30 10:30 11:00 11:00 15:00 15:00 11:00

10:00 18:40 18:20 18:45 19:25 19:30 20:00 11:45 18:20 18:45 19:15 19:25 10:00 18:20 19:15 19:25 20:00 11:45 18:20 19:15 19:25 10:00 10:05 18:20 19:15 19:25 20:00 11:45 10:00 18:20 19:15 19:25 09:25 09:25 16:30 16:30 09:20 09:25 09:25 16:30 08:50 09:25 16:30 12:40 15:00 19:50 19:50 12:25 12:40 15:00 19:50 12:40 19:50 10:10 12:10 12:10 12:25 16:10 16:25 17:20 08:15 10:20 12:10 12:10 12:40 16:10 16:25 17:20 08:40 10:10 12:10 12:25 15:40 16:10 16:25 08:15 12:10 12:10 12:25 15:25 16:10 16:25 17:20 10:10 12:10 15:25 16:10 16:25 08:15 12:10 12:10 12:25 16:10 16:25 17:20 10:10 08:40 11:40 12:10 12:25 16:10 16:25 12:25

09:05 09:20 09:35 09:40 09:45 10:30 16:55 17:40 09:20 09:35 09:40 09:45 16:45 11:15 17:40 09:05 09:20 09:35 09:45 10:30 09:05 09:20 09:35 09:45 11:15 17:40 09:05 09:20 09:35 09:45 10:30 08:55 09:05 09:20 09:35 09:45 11:15 17:15 17:40 08:55 09:20 09:35 09:40 09:45 10:30 16:45 16:45 17:20 11:15 13:00 11:15 13:00 09:00 13:00 11:15 13:00 11:15 13:00 15:00 11:15 13:00 11:15 13:00 15:00 12:55 15:00 12:55 15:00 10:40 15:00 12:55 15:00 12:55 15:00 16:40 12:55 15:00 12:55 16:40 07:00 11:30 07:00 07:00 11:30 07:00 11:30 07:00 11:30 12:45 07:00 07:00 11:30 07:00 08:00 07:00 11:30 12:45 11:50 15:55 09:30 15:55 17:15 09:30 15:55 11:30 11:50 15:55 11:50 15:55 11:50 12:25 11:50 15:55 17:15

10:15 10:30 10:45 10:35 10:55 11:45 19:10 20:00 10:30 10:45 10:35 10:55 17:55 12:30 20:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 10:55 11:45 10:15 10:30 10:45 10:55 12:30 20:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 10:55 11:45 11:05 10:15 10:30 10:45 10:55 12:30 18:25 20:00 10:05 10:30 10:45 10:35 10:55 11:45 17:55 17:55 18:35 12:40 14:45 12:40 14:45 10:25 14:45 12:40 14:45 12:40 14:45 16:20 12:40 14:45 12:40 14:45 16:20 14:20 16:45 14:20 16:45 12:05 16:45 14:20 16:45 14:55 16:45 18:00 14:20 16:45 14:20 18:00 09:10 13:30 09:05 09:10 13:30 09:10 13:30 09:10 13:30 14:50 09:05 09:10 13:30 09:10 10:00 09:10 13:30 14:50 14:00 17:55 11:40 17:55 19:20 11:40 17:55 13:35 14:00 17:55 14:00 17:55 14:00 14:25 14:00 17:55 19:20

DAYS Flight
MON 8M 335 FD 3771 TG 304 PG 702 8M 331 PG 704 FD 3773 TG 306 TUE 8M 335 FD 3771 TG 304 PG 702 8M 331 PG 704 FD 3773 TG 306 WED 8M 335 FD 3771 TG 304 PG 702 8M 331 PG 704 FD 3773 TG 306 THUR 8M 335 FD 3771 TG 304 PG 702 8M 331 PG 704 FD 3773 TG 306 FRI 8M 335 FD 3771 TG 304 PG 702 8M 331 PG 704 FD 3773 TG 306 SAT 8M 335 FD 3771 TG 304 PG 702 8M 331 PG 704 FD 3773 TG 306 SUN 8M 335 FD 3771 TG 304 PG 702 8M 331 PG 704 FD 3773 TG 306

Dep Arr
07:35 09:20 08:30 10:15 09:50 11:45 10:55 12:50 16:30 18:15 16:40 18:35 17:40 19:25 19:45 21:40 07:35 09:20 08:30 10:15 09:50 11:45 10:55 12:50 16:30 18:15 16:40 18:35 17:40 19:25 19:45 21:40 07:35 09:20 08:30 10:15 09:50 11:45 10:55 12:50 16:30 18:15 16:40 18:35 17:40 19:25 19:45 21:40 07:35 09:20 08:30 10:15 09:50 11:45 10:55 12:50 16:30 18:15 16:40 18:35 17:40 19:25 19:45 21:40 07:35 09:20 08:30 10:15 09:50 11:45 10:55 12:50 16:30 18:15 16:40 18:35 17:40 19:25 19:45 21:40 07:35 09:20 08:30 10:15 09:50 11:45 10:55 12:50 16:30 18:15 16:40 18:35 17:40 19:25 19:45 21:40 07:35 09:20 08:30 10:15 09:50 11:45 10:55 12:50 16:30 18:15 16:40 18:35 17:40 19:25 19:45 21:40

DAYS Flight
SAT 8M 231 MI 511

Dep Arr
07:55 12:25 10:10 14:45

DAYS Flight
MON FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 336 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 TUE FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 336 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 WED FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 336 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 THUR FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 336 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 FRI FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 336 FD 3772 PG 703 TG 305 8M 332 SAT FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 336 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 SUN FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 336 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332

Dep Arr
07:10 07:55 07:55 08:50 09:15 10:05 10:40 11:25 15:00 15:50 16:25 17:10 17:50 18:45 19:15 20:00 07:10 07:55 07:55 08:50 09:15 10:05 10:40 11:25 15:00 15:50 16:25 17:10 17:50 18:45 19:15 20:00 07:10 07:55 09:15 10:40 07:55 08:50 10:05 11:25

DAYS Flight
SAT MI 512

Dep Arr
07:55 09:20





8M 6231
8M 232 MI 518 MI 520 SUN MI 512 8M 232 MI 518 MI 520

09:10 10:40
13:25 14:55 14:20 15:45 15:20 16:40 07:55 09:20 13:25 14:55 14:20 15:45 15:20 16:40

8M 6232
MI 517 SUN 8M 231 MI 511

11:30 16:05
16:40 21:15 07:55 12:25 10:10 14:45



8M 233
MI 517

13:20 17:50
16:40 21:15





WED 8M 401 SAT 8M 401 08:50 11:25 08:50 11:25



8M 234

18:50 20:20


MON MH 740 8M 502 AK 850 TUE MH 740 8M 502 AK 850 WED MH 740 8M 502 AK 850 THU MH 740 AK 850 FRI MH 740 8M 502 AK 850 SAT MH 740 8M 502 AK 850 SUN MH 740 AK 850 10:05 11:15 14:00 15:00 15:40 16:45 10:05 11:15 14:00 15:00 15:40 16:45 10:05 11:15 14:00 15:00 15:40 16:45 10:05 11:15 15:40 16:45 10:05 11:15 14:00 15:00 15:40 16:45 10:05 11:15 14:00 15:00 15:40 16:45 10:05 11:15 15:40 16:45


MON 8M 501 MH 741 AK 851 TUE 8M 501 MH 741 AK 851 WED 8M 501 MH 741 AK 851 THU 8M 501 MH 741 AK 851 FRI 8M 501 MH 741 AK 851 SAT 8M 501 MH 741 AK 851 SUN MH 741 AK 851 WED CZ 3056 THUR 8M 711 SAT CZ 3056 09:00 13:00 12:15 16:30 18:50 23:05 09:00 13:00 12:15 16:30 18:50 23:05 09:00 13:00 12:15 16:30 18:50 23:05 09:00 13:00 12:15 16:30 18:50 23:05 09:00 13:00 12:15 16:30 18:50 23:05 09:00 13:00 12:15 16:30 18:50 23:05 12:15 16:30 18:50 23:05 11:20 15:50 08:40 13:15 11:20 15:50 08:40 13:15










15:00 15:50 16:25 17:10 17:50 18:45 19:15 20:00 07:10 07:55 09:15 10:40 07:55 08:50 10:05 11:25





15:00 15:50 16:25 17:10 17:50 18:45 19:15 20:00 07:10 07:55 09:15 10:40 07:55 08:50 10:05 11:25



WED CZ 3055 THUR 8M 712 SAT CZ 3055 08:50 10:30 14:15 15:50 08:50 10:30 14:15 15:50





16:25 17:10 15:00 15:50 17:50 18:45 19:15 20:00 07:10 07:55 09:15 10:40 07:55 08:50 10:05 11:25


SUN 8M 711

SUN 8M 712


MON CI 7916 WED CI 7916 FRI CI 7916 14:00 19:25 14:00 19:25 14:00 19:25

MON CI 7915 WED CI 7915 FRI CI 7915 09:55 12:45 09:55 12:45 09:55 12:45





TUE CA 906 14:15 17:35 14:15 17:35 14:15 17:35 14:15 17:35 14:15 17:35

15:00 15:50 16:25 17:10 17:50 18:45 19:15 20:00 07:10 07:55 09:15 10:40 07:55 08:50 10:05 11:25

TUE CA 905 12:35 13:15 12:35 13:15 12:35 13:15 12:35 13:15 12:35 13:15



WED CA 906 THUR CA 906 SAT SUN CA 906 CA 906

WED CA 905 THUR CA 905 SAT SUN CA 905 CA 905





15:00 15:50 16:25 17:10 17:50 18:45 19:15 20:00

Mon FRI IC734 IC734 13:30 16:40 13:30 16:40

Mon FRI IC733 IC728 10:00 14:55 15:50 16:40





THUR W9 9607 SUN W9 9607 12:00 13:30 12:00 13:30

MON MI 512 07:55 09:20


THUR W9 9608 SUN W9 9608 14:30 15:00 14:30 15:00


MON 8M 231 MI 511 07:55 12:25 10:10 14:45




8M 6232
MI 517 TUE 8M 231 MI 511

11:30 16:05
16:40 21:15 07:55 12:25 10:10 14:45

MON VN 956 WED VN 956 FRI SAT VN 956 VN 956 19:10 21:30 19:10 21:30 19:10 21:30 19:10 21:30

8M 6231 8M 232 MI 518

TUE MI 512 8M 232 MI 518

09:10 10:40 13:25 14:55 14:20 15:45

07:55 09:20 13:25 14:55 14:20 15:45

MON VN 957 WED VN 957 FRI SAT VN 957 VN 957 16:35 18:10 16:35 18:10 16:35 18:10 16:35 18:10





8M 233
MI 517 WED 8M 231 MI 511

13:20 17:50
16:40 21:15 07:55 12:25 10:10 14:45

8M 234
WED MI 512

18:50 20:20
07:55 09:20

8M 6231
8M 232 MI 518 THUR MI 512 8M 232 MI 518 MI 520

09:10 10:40
13:25 14:55 14:20 15:45 07:55 09:20 13:25 14:55 14:20 15:45 15:20 16:40

6T = Air Mandalay W9 = Air Bagan AW = Asian Wings K7 = AIR KBZ YH = Yangon Airways FD & AK = Air Asia TG = Thai Airways

8M = Myanmar Airways International PG = Bangkok Airways MI = Silk Air VN = Vietnam Airline MH = Malaysia Airlines CZ = China Southern CI = China Airlines CA = Air China IC = Indian Airlines Limited W9 = Air Bagan 3K = Jet Star



TUE VN 942 14:25 17:10 14:25 17:10 14:25 17:10


TUE VN 943 11:40 13:25 11:40 13:25 11:40 13:25

8M 6232
MI 517 THUR 8M 231 MI 511

11:30 16:05
16:40 21:15 07:55 12:25 10:10 14:45

THUR VN 942 SUN VN 942

THUR VN 943 SUN VN 943



WED 8M 401 SAT 8M 401 15:15 17:40 15:15 17:40 FRI


WED 8M 402 SAT 8M 402 18:40 20:05 18:40 20:05

8M 233
MI 517 FRI 8M 231 MI 511

13:20 17:50
16:40 21:15 07:55 12:25 10:10 14:45

8M 234
MI 512

18:50 20:20
07:55 09:20

Subject to change without notice


WED 8M 601 SAT 8M 601 09:00 10:30 09:00 10:30

8M 6231
8M 232 MI 518 MI 520

09:10 10:40
13:25 14:55 14:20 15:45 15:20 16:40

WED 8M 602 SAT 8M 602 11:30 15:00 11:30 15:00

8M 6232
MI 517

11:30 16:05
16:40 21:15

tea Break
June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

If you have a taste for rum, we have a party for you

By Jason Wilson MY friends joke about getting The Call: So, Im wondering if youre free tomorrow night, and interested in tasting some Thats when I try to round up a panel of friends to compare kinds of Armagnac, Irish whiskey, Spanish brandy, whatever. First-timers rarely realise what they are getting themselves into. Although these acquaintances might be whiskey lovers or brandy fans, they arent used to sipping, say, 12 bourbons or 15 Calvados, concentrating on each sip and then jotting down notes and opinions. They usually feel overwhelmed at the start. Yet by the third or fourth sample, their smiles get a little wider, their voices get a little louder and their descriptions become more florid. A spirits tasting is a much more raucous affair than a wine tasting. Ive been teaching spirits courses at a wine school, and it is always the same: People look at the four flights and their eyes widen. But by the end of the second round, the sommelier in the class next door usually knocks on the door and asks us to settle down. A recent tasting of aged rums among several friends got me thinking: Why dont more people host spirits tastings? By now, wine tastings are pretty standard. Most people who love wines have probably opened a number of bottles to sip and compare across styles and grapes. But although you occasionally hear of an expensive Scotch, tequila or Cognac dinner at a nice restaurant, you rarely hear of people hosting more informal tasting parties at home. Given the growing popularity of spirits, I feel like its high time for enthusiasts to consider hosting a tasting party this year. So Im going to offer tips on how to do just that. First, a major geek alert: An undertaking like this is for people who have been getting deeper and deeper into the world of spirits and cocktails. Maybe youve got a growing collection of bitters and foreign bottles, and have started making special cocktails at home. If this describes you and there are definitely more and more of us I can assure you there is no better way to ramp up your knowledge than a comparative tasting around a category or theme. My most recent rum tasting was a great example. Over the past few years I have collected rums of varying ages, styles and geographic locations. I was interested in how aging affected different rums, so I put together several rounds of tastings, or flights, based on age. Four friends and I tasted from youngest to oldest, taking our time, writing notes and then discussing and debating our thoughts after each flight. In the end, we all came away with a better understanding of how different rums age and how it affects tastes. More important, we learned our own preferences. There are several key differences between a spirits tasting and a wine

By Astrologer Aung Myin Kyaw Aquarius Jan 20 - Feb 18
Your engagement in lovemaking is intended to satisfy biological necessity, not to indulge in the pleasure that comes with it. Love is not a game that should be abandoned to impulse. You can never embrace true love unless you have a mind to add value to emotional suffering. Learn more about the desires of those in whom you are interested.


Never fail to respond to the need for social responsibility in relationships. You must guard against being drawn into situations that can cause you to be victimised by unscrupulous people. You must learn to face up to reality, not escape from it. To achieve your emotional dreams, seek openness and clarity in your love life.

Feb 19 - Mar 20


Jupiter, the lawgiver of the cosmos, will help you re-establish contact with old friends who have become well-connected and influential in recent years. When it comes to financial matters, facing difficulties now will make it easier to turn a profit in the future. Love will evoke strong emotions, and you will find pleasure and harmony in your romantic relationship.

March 21 - April 19


Be slow to anger as much as possible, and try to avoid being devastated whenever you are pushed beyond your limits. Believe in yourself as a cold person with confidence and endurance. You need to become more adaptable and utilise your talents more aggressively. Love is a little far away from you for now, but it is still alive.

April 20 - May 20


You need greater self-control to gain the full benefits of your active mentality. Self-discipline is also advised before you express your opinion, so you can be sure you have all the facts about the situation at hand. With your gifted imagination, writing can enrich your life, if only as a hobby. Cultivate your abilities as a persuasive speaker. Love is looking at you.

May 21 - June 20


A positive mental transformation will help bring out your courageous, self-reliant and self-assured qualities, which will enable you to build a new social foundation towards finding a slew of golden opportunities. Love will challenge you to take emotional risks, but dont feel obligated to play the game of romance if youre not so inclined at the moment.

June 22 - July 22

Leo A tasting of spirits is different than a wine tasting; you cant taste as many and you cant spit the samples out; for a rum tasting party, eight is a good sampling. Pic: The Washington Post/Deb Lindsey tasting. The first is how one actually tastes. Unlike at a wine event, where you vigorously swirl the liquid in your glass to release aromas and open up the wine, you dont want to agitate spirits so much. If you vigorously swirl a 100-proof rum or bourbon, all youre going to get is a face full of alcohol. Instead, gently twirl the glass, allowing the liquor to coat its sides. For me, the ideal glass for whiskey or rum is a nosing glass thats bulb-shaped and tapers to a narrow rim. Next, its important to begin with a tiny sip that clears the palate. Follow up with a larger sip that coats the mouth. This is key: Dont spit. The reason you shouldnt spit is because the finish is so important. Fine spirits should have a long, pleasant, lingering finish not a hot, kerosene-like burn. Because professional spirits tasters almost never spit, we always sample with much less liquid than we would with wine: about a half-ounce. A taste of wine would be about an ounce. For that reason, you cant possibly taste as many spirits in a sitting as you can wine. I can taste 50 or more wines in an afternoon, spitting them as I go, and I can still function critically. Once I taste about a dozen or so spirits, my palate starts to get overwhelmed. For a newbie, the number is more like eight. Another issue with a fine spirits tasting is that the expense can be much greater than that of a wine tasting. To keep costs in check, its a good idea to start with rum because its comparatively cheaper than whiskey, brandy or tequila. If you organise a party with six to eight friends, no one should spend more than about US$40. Alternatively, to keep costs down, you could taste four rums instead of eight. To make a tasting party even more festive, I always make some kind of punch, to serve either as everyone arrives or as a palate cleanser after the tasting. In the case of rum, a fruit-based punch is a good choice, using a good-value light rum. Save the more expensive aged rums for the tasting. Good luck. Have fun. Im always ready for The Call, should you need an extra mouth. The Washington Post

Making the right decisions and pursuing your convictions with courage will increase your dignity. You will be able to manage difficult affairs despite the heavy burden on your shoulders. Old friends will contact you with business proposals that could result in profits in the long term. Family problems will disturb your thoughts, but make sure they dont lead you make mistakes in your actions.

July 23 - Aug 22


It is important not to overemphasise the importance of material things, thoughts of which can take over your mind if youre not careful. Focus on your talents, which you can use to convert into cash if necessary. However, try to be more understanding of those who are less talented than you. Never make ridiculous statements you cannot verify. True love cannot be based on vanity.

Aug 23 - Sept 22


You must exercise complete control over the stressful conditions in your life. Focus your energies on any activity that will bring you into closer contact with nature. Reduce difficulties in social relations by making the effort to understand and forgive others. Look for new experiences that will help expand your horizons. Never lose touch with the influences of your heart and soul.

Sept 23 - Oct 22


Pretension does not mean branching out, but rather using your wisdom to manage your affairs so they pan out smoothly. Strive courageously to develop mental balance, and then apply your newfound insights to helping others in need. Good fortune will reach your doorstep this week. Calm yourself and freshen your perspective so you can look forward with clarity.

Oct 23 - Nov 21


Champagne auction disappoints organisers

HELSINKI A 200-year-old bottle of Veuve Clicquot Po n s a r d i n c h a m p a g n e found on the bottom of the Baltic fetched 15,000 euros (US$18,600) on June 8 in Finland, less than half what sale organisers had hoped. We a r e q u i t e h a p p y about the money raised although we expected a new world record, said Rainer Juslin, an Aaland provincial government official. The Aaland government will meet to mull over the reasons why the world record was not reached, but it is possible that the taste of the champagne does not justify the high price, because the champagne is not bubbly and quite sweet for modern tastes, he said. In 2011 a bottle of Veuve Clicquot raised from the same shipwreck was auctioned for a record-setting 30,000 euros. A total of 11 bottles of the worlds oldest champagne were sold on June 8 for 109,280 euros ($136,000), two years after being salvaged from the sea off Finlands autonomous island province of Aaland. The wreck dating from between 1825 and 1830 contained 145 bottles from the distinguished champagne houses of Veuve Clicquot, Heidsieck & Co and the nowdefunct house of Juglar. Six bottles of Juglar, four bottles of Veuve Clicquot and one bottle of Heidsieck were auctioned on June 8 in the sale organised by French auction house Artcurial. The profits generated will go to a variety of charitable causes. AFP

You must try to encourage and organise those who are unwilling to expend their full efforts in pursuing their goals. Careful consideration of philosophical contradictions can result in wise judgments, and you can get results by applying comparative theory to your personal experiences. Life evolves over time, and time changes everything according to the laws of nature.

Nov 22 - Dec 21


When a great opportunity comes your way, greet it with a smile and an enthusiastic embrace. Dedicate yourself to social service, even when doing so requires courage and a high degree of risk-taking. Your life can change dramatically by following this path. Be sure to take on the challenges that are most suited to your role.

Dec 22 - Jan 19

For a personal reading contact Aung Myin Kyaw, 4th Floor, 113 Thamain Bayan Road, Tamwe Township, Yangon. Tel: 0973135632, Email:

INSURANCe Business Get a backup for your property, car, home, etc... Even if youve face a loose accidentally, you dont lose it really for Insurance company restore your property. For more details,Ko Nyi ph:09 4480 13031 email: konyimia@ gmail. com Agent no.1394 Myanmar Insurance. INSURANCe Business! I have more than 10 years experiences in Insurance Business from Singapore. Looking for Investors & Business Partners for liberalization in Myanmar Insurance Sector. Yeo Po Min, LLB, FMSA, CLU/S, ChFC/S, Yangon (HP): 09-420082606, Singapore (HP): +65 9852 7516, E-mail: sg

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Expert Service
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For Rent
oFFICe SPACeS for rent at Pearl Condominium. No Agent. Please call 0973250368.

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IolAR Translation Service Phone: 09 4200 31866 / 01 - 229 301 Email: iolar.translation @ . ReAl eSTATe or Landhousing investment in Myanmar. We coordinately invite Myanmar citizens or nons to cooperate with us as we will take responsibilities with our citizenship scrutiny For those who interest and want to cooperate with us may contact Saya Bryan (Engineer): 09-420-07 0692, Saya Htet (Engineer) :09-215-00 75. AUGUST Engineering Service : Aircondition & Electrical Engineering Services (Installation, Repairing & Servicing) Add; 30, Oat Tha Phayar St, Kyaik Kasan Qt,Bahan.Tel; 09731-10321, 586-509 Email; aes.august@ lINUX (Server/Admin) Professional Home Tuition Teaching phone 09-731-81642 GeNeRAToR: 24 hour Services. MESS Engineering. Ph: 09-73058252, 09-507-8426.

For Sale
MIDoRI TRADe lINK CO., Special offer for year 2007 (1300 cc) Cars. All in price: Mazda Demio : 129 Lakhs. Nissan March 129 Lakhs. Nissan AD Van : 139 Lakhs Probox Van : 159 Lakhs. Contact Us at: 25 A-3, New University Avenue Bahan. Ph: 543139, 09-731-53678. Email: midoritradelink@gmail. com SAFe, LEECO Digital Safe, Model No.702 PL, Made in Thailand, Ph: 09-504-1875. HD Game, app (install) iPhone, iPod touch 6000ks, iPad 8000ks, iTunes account open (free game, app download) Gmail account open , All iDevices iOS 5.1.1 version upgrade full untethered jail-break (power off) . contact : 09-450-017770, 09514-7480 CDMA 800 MHz Mobile Phone: A few months used. Internetconnected. Link-ToSD software installed (able to install more applications). Micro SD 4GB. With over 600 App & Game. Already rooted. Myanmar Font installed *Ready to use for people who loves nice-condition smart phone* Ph: 09- 731-30288 Email: myomyintrit7@gmail. com, myomyint2359@ AN eleGANT, grand and ancient teak bed for sell. For more information after 6 pm Myo Thura Tin Aung: 09-431-79637, 09-492-23231 ADSl(Bagan/MPT), WiMax (Bagan), McWill Contact : 09-44 800 6520 ToYoTA HIACe Super Custom Limited [ 1995 Model ] Ph : 09-49275744 SPeCIAl SAleS : (Alvarion Brand) Internet Broadband Accessories. Indoor Units (2.4 & 3.5 ) - with Int'l Warranty. Original UDP Cables & Adaptors. Outdoor Units (2.4 & 3.5) - with Int'l Warranty. Original UDP Cables & Adaptors. Several kinds of ADSL Modem (for MPT & Yatanarpon

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Want To Buy
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Housing for Sale

N/DAGoN, No.17, (Rose Garden) shwe pinlon, 8325 sq ft, land & building , 2RC price : 4500 lakh ph: 09-5035522. HlAING , Near Yangon Insein Rd For more information K Khaing Kyaw : 09-518-2894 lASHIo : Ward 12, 2Acres Land including the main house and 2storey building. In downtown and Very Good place for business. Price: negotiable. Ph: 09-517-1377, 09-5158738 NAYPYIDAW, 15 acres of land near Naypyidaw Highway 20 miles. Ph: 09-512-3186. NGAPAlI: Land and Building in Ngapali near beach 2 plots of land near Sandaway main road to Mazin airport. Ph: 09-430-65789.

For Sale/Hire
ISUzU Trooper (1999 model) Left Hand Drive, 4X4. Ph: 09-500-9450

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Rent / Sale
bAHAN, Moe Myint San Condo, 2400 sqft, 2 MB, 1 BR, newly apartment f.f or no furn. 3 A/C, Lift, 15 Lakhs for rent, 3000 Lakhs for sale. Owner Maureen : 09- 5188320. No agents pls.

INGO Position
WelTHUNGeRHIlFe Myanmar Deutsche Welthungerhilfe (formerly German Agro Action/GAA) is looking for the HR Manager for our country office in Yangon : University degree in human resources management, public administration, industrial psychology or other related field. At least 3 years practical working experience in human resource management. Past working experience with INGO and/or int'l organization is an asset. Very good communication and interpersonal skills. Excellent knowledge in English (written & spoken). Very good skills in computer operation (MS office package). Pls send application to: Welthungerhilfe HR Manager - 29(A), Thirimingalar Avenue, Yankin. Ph: 01 662908 Email: whh.hrm@ gmail. com, co. mmr. ygn. hr@ WelTHUNGeRHIlFe Myanmar Deutsche Welthungerhilfe (formerly German Agro Action/GAA) is looking for the Night Guard for the country office in Yangon : Matriculation passed/ secondary Education. 1 year experience as a night guard. Prepare to work had with flexible working hours. Reliable & required to be honest. Pls send application to: Welthungerhilfe - HR Manager : 29(A), Thirimingalar Avenue, Yankin. Ph: 01 662908 Email: whh.hrm@ gmail. com MYANMAR Red Cross Society is recruiting (1) branch Development Officer (MRCS-ICRS Branch Capacity Building Program) - 1 post : Any Graduate. 3 years experience. Experience of working as a volunteer or staff at least 3 years in Red Cross Movement. Good communications,mobilizations, coaching, mentoring, facilitation & training skills. Effective English language & computer skills. (2)Senior Admin Assistant - 1 post: University Graduate. 1 year experience in a project management & administration. Proven computer skills (MS word, Excel, Page Maker, Power Point) in both Myanmar & English. Strong Inter-personal commu- nication skill. Able to travel project sites Pls submit a letter of application, relevant documents & CV, Copy of Recommendation letter from Township Police Station, Copy of Labor Registration Card, Copy of good health certificate from Township Health centre & one passport photo (Cover letter and CV documents only need to be sent via e-mail to mrschrrecruitment@ U Khin Maung Hla, Executive Director, Myanmar Red Cross Society, Nay Pyi Taw Before 29th June 2012. SolIDARITeS Int'l is looking for Civil engineer in Kanpetlet base, Chin State : Civil Engineer Degree & 3 years of professional experience in civil engineering(especially in gravity flow system). Experience in chin State will be an added value. Good computer skills and practice of engineering software (e.g. AutoCAD). Pls submit application (CV, cover letter, references) by hand to: Aung Khant, Programme Manager, Solidarites Int'l office, Myo Ma Quarter 2, Kanpetlet, Southern Chin State) or by e-mail to: sol.progdevmya @ gmail. com You can also send application to: Solidarites Int'l office, Yangon: 44- A, Tharyarwaddy Lane, Sayar San Ward, Bahan , Yangon or email : hr. solidarites. mm@ gmail. com. Closing date: June 20th, 2012. SolIDARITeS Int'l (SI) is looking for Deputy Administrative & Finance Manager in Bhamo, Kachin State: University level or equivalent in accounting/ management/ administration. 1 years experience in a similar position with NGO. Excellent knowledge of word & excel, knowledge of accounting software SAGA & HR software HOMERE is a plus. Knowledge of logistics producures. Fluent spoken & written English and Myanmar. Good writing & communication skills. Pls submit application (CV, cover letter, references) by email to : sol. ygn. hr@ gmail. com. Closing date: 30 June 2012. CARe Myanmar organization is seeking (1) Senior Program Officer (Village Saving & Loan Mobilization)- 1 post (Mindat, Southern Chin State). Closing date: 21st June 2012 (2) Senior Program Officer (Management) -1post (Lashio, Northern Shan State). Closing date: 21st June 2012 (3) Monitoring & Evaluat-ion Data Administrator -1 post (Yangon) Closing date: 22nd June 2012. Pls request the detailed Terms of Reference at the CARE Myanmar office during office hours or can obtain by email: recruitment@ MeDeCINS du Monde (MDM) is looking for (1) Medical Doctor (Methandone), 1 post: MBBS (with valid medical registration: Sama). 1 year experience as a medical doctor. Fluent oral & written English. Royal Thai Embassy needs the following posts to fulfil the vacancy: (1) One post for marketing. (2) One post for office assistant. The interested persons can send the CV to our Office of Commercial Affairs, Royal Thai Embassy not later than 20th June 2012 at No.86(A), Shin Saw Pu Rd, San Chaung , Yangon. ph : 510731. We ARe seeking for a personal driver for diplomat, who can drive very well and nondrinker. Its preferable who live in near Pun Hlaing Golf Estate. For more detail information, please feel free to call 527142~4 in office hour. 1 year experience in teaching early years. Valid certificate for Early years teachers training. Age under 40. Salary: Negotiable. Apply with C.V & one recent photo, attached with relevant certificates. P.O. Box 451 HRoIzoN Intl Education Center is seeking: for Kindergarten (Po Sein Campus, Shu Khinn Thar Campus, Shwe Hinn Thar Campus). (1) Teachers for kinder-garten: F - Age 20 ~ 35. M.A (English) or B.A (English). 2 years experience in teaching field. Must be good in English. (2) Assistant teachers for kindergarten: F - Age 18 ~ 35. Any graduate. Must be good in English. (3) Secretary - F : Age 20 ~ 30. Any Graduate. Must be proficient in English. Has basic accounting knowledge. Good letter writing skill. (4) Marketing Executive - F : Age 20 ~ 30. Any Graduate. Strong knowledge & good experience in related field. Must be proficient in English. (5) Nurse Aid - F 1 post : Age 18 ~ 35. Certificate or diploma in related field. Good command of English. (6) Child-care - F 4 posts : Age 18 ~ 25. Pass matriculat-ion exam. Pls submit within 2 weeks with a cover letter, a resume/ CV, a copy of relevant Diploma (certificate) & a current photo to Horizontal Intl Kinder-garten (Po Sein Campus). 5/A, Po Sein Rd, Bahan. Ph: 548452. blUe bIRD Hotel (Bagan) Carrier Opportunity executive Chef - M Front Office Supervisor - F Guest Service Officer - F engineering Staff - M/F F&b Supervisor - M/F Admin Purchasing - M Work place is in bagan. Pls contact us with your CV to : Rm 907, FMI Centre. Pabedan. Bogyoke Aung San Rd . Ph: 248060, 09-505-2595 leGeNDARY Myanmar Co., Ltd. (1) Office Staff (Export/ Import) - F 2 Posts. (2) Tour operator (Travel & Tours) - F 1 post. (3) Office Staff (Travel & Tours) - F 2 posts: 1 year experience in Office. All applicants must be University Graduate, Spoken & written English, must have excellent interpersonal skill & good computer know-ledge. Pls apply CV with one recent photo, other certificate NRC copy, Labour registration card, Police recom-mendation letter to : 9, Rm(A-4), 3rd Flr, Kyaung St, Myaynigone, San-chaung . Ph: 523653, 516795 within 2 weeks. We welcome applications from motivated people for the following immediate vacancies: education officer/ Customer Services officer, Secretary, Marketing executive/ Assistant, Accounts officer, Course/ Teaching Assistant, Admin Assistant, Receptionist, Graphic Designer. Pls post CV with a colour photo, expected salary, educational documents & testimonials to: Recruitment Manager, Regent Education B-13+23,ShweKeinayee Estate, Narnattaw St, Kamaryut. (1) ASST: Accountant - F 1 post : with 1 year experience. Must be graduate with B.Com/ B.Act or LCCI Level II, III. Age must be under 30. (2) Sales Executive - M/F 3 post : with 3 years experience. Any graduate. Age 25~30. (3) Office Assistant - F 1 post : Any graduate. (4) Driver - M 1 post: 5 years experience in driving at least, must pass 10th standard. For 1, 2 & 3 should have computer knowledge (word, excel, internet & email). For 2, know-ledge of English is an advantage. Pls submit CV, a recent photo & supporting documents to Rm 910 (H), La Pyayt Wun Plaza, Dagon Tsp, Ph: 382535, 376462 Closing date: 30.6.12. (1). ToUR oPeRATIoN Manager (Sale) M/F : Any graduated, Preferable degree or diploma related to the post, Experience 3 yrs above in Tourism field, Between 30 ~ 40. Excellent command of the English language both writing and verbal communication skills. Good Management skills & Interpersonal skills. (2) Tour operation executive - M/F : Any graduated, Age about 25 years. Able to speak & write good English, Computer literate (Microsoft Excel, Word, Pagemarker). Pls send CV with copy of certificates, NRC card, labor registration and 2 ID photos to Silver Sounds Tourism Co.,Ltd : 18/4B,U Tun Lin Chan St, Hledan Kamayut, Ph: 500027, 504911, 09-492-65615, 09-73156384, talenthighway @ Closing date: (30.6 2012). UNIqUe Innovative Trading Co., Ltd is looking for dynamic leaders to support our challenging market in Myanmar to join our office in Yangon as positions belows. (1) Sales executive - M 2 posts (Sales & Marketing). (2) Sales Executive - M 1 post (Sales & Service). Qualificat-ions: Any Graduate. Age 25 ~ 35 years. More than 3 year experience in sales/ Marketing position with internatio-nal companies. Pls send an application letter along with a current CV, to B5/9, Yadanar St, Malikha Housing, Thingan-gyun. E-mail : uit.ygn@ Ph: 01-8551301, 018551302. Closing date: 29 June, 2012 beRNHARD SCHUlTe Shipmanagement is seeking for > Container TEU 2000 - Masters, Chief Officers, Chief engineers, 2/eNG, e/ eNG, bSN, Ab, FTR , MTM, oS, C/CK Interested candidates are requested to visit personally to BSM PREMISES. Address : F/S - 1, Shwe Marlar Yeik Mon, Bayint Naung Rd, Kamaryut , 515031, 536805, We are looking for, (1) Sale Representative - 4 posts : B.Sc Chemistry, IC, Physics, Maths. (2) Ware House Staff - 2 posts: B.Sc, Science Graduate. (3) Admin Staff - 2 posts: Any Gradaute. For will establish company supplying plastic and paint raw material and PVC Fitting. Pls send C.V, 2 recent photos, photocopies or labor registration card, Recommendation from police force, education certificate & other related documents to 10, Parami Rd, Hlaing Ph: 521002, 521009. Closing date: 25.6.12 HoRIzoN Int'l Kindergarten is currently looking for english Native Speaker F 2 posts: Ages 20 ~ 35 years. Child-care experienced. Ready to start as soon as possible. Contact mail: T.Angle (nattayaari@ contact Ph: 548452. Related Website: www. mm HeIN THUzAR Travel need staff who speak fluent English (speaking and writing) Contact Address - Hein Thuzar Travels & Tours : 53 (A), Moe Kaung Street, (14) Qtr, Yan Kin, Yangon. Phone No: 578370, 09-20-28496, 09-43075258 C.P. Yangon Co., Ltd. is running the agriculture business starting since 1995 at Myanmar. Our company urgently seeking dynamic, Highly motivated and qualified individuals to expending our business. (1) Accountant M 4 posts (Yangon). (2) Accountant - M 4 post (Taung Gyi). (3) Agriculturalist - M 4 posts (Able to travel). For position 1 com or you contract us on Mobile : 09-420087374 NeeD a lady junior staff, at least a graduate, aged around 20~25, for an intl trade promotional organizat-ion in Yangon, capable of fluent English, computer knowledge, Japanese language skill as an added value, office logistical & secretarial works with keen interest in teamwork. Pls submit applications attached with bio data, copies of certificates & N.R.C, and a recent photo to (JETRO Yangon, Sedona Hotel Business Suites#04-02, No. 1, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd., Yankin, Yangon, Tel: 544051~3) not later than June 29th, 2012. must be graduate, must have work experiences and good level of computer skills and good personality. Pls submit CV together with copies of academic certifi-cates, a copy of NRC, original and updated police clearance form, labor registration card, a copy of family registration & 2 recent photos to Blazon Head Office :(15, 16, 17, 18), Thamain Bayan Rd, Myittar Yeik Mon Housing, Tarmwe or within two weeks. Ph : 09-8623381~84 Ext: 139. eXPeRIeNCeD male teacher taught Myanmar and English to several foreigners. Those who require a tutor, pls call at 44, Athoka St, Nat Chaung Ward, Tamwe. SeCReTARY - F 1 Post; University graduated and must be fluent in speaking and writing in English. Pls, summit CV with recent photo to Marine Acary Co.,Ltd, Tel: 95-1-664741 Ext: 105, 108, 01-662147. Email: andamanwari@ SHeNzHeN GrenTech RF Communication Ltd is seeking Sales executive - M/F 2 posts : College degree or above in Telecommu-nications, Wireless, Electronics Engineer-ing or related. 3 years experience in related industry. Able to finish the assignment with a tight schedule and short notice. Good communi-cations in written / spoken English (or Chinese) & Myanmar. Willing to travel frequently. Send application with full CV, detailing skills, knowledge & experience to e-mail : xiezhenwei @ powercn. com We ARe now hiring for the following positions. We offer basic salary and accommodation for the right candidates.(1) Sewing technician 10 posts (2)Sewing manager - 8 posts (3) Sewing supervisor 10 posts (4) Cutting technician - 3 posts (5) Cutting manager 3 posts (6) qA manager -3 posts (7) QA supervisor - 3 posts (8) Packing manager - 3 posts (9) operation manager - 2 posts (10) Production Planner - 3 posts (sewing) Pls forward your resume at; Email: asiatopjob@ asiatop FoReIGN base Freight forwarding company is urgently seeking for a Chinese Interpreter : any graduate , profi-cient in Chinese & Myanmar, good communication skills and personality, male or female. Pls send update CV, photo & other data reference to nicerealproperty @ gmail. com or contact Ko Shein Bo :09-516-7085 IMPoRT MARKeTING - M 1 post : Any Graduate, Age 30 to 45, Experienced person having experience of government tender sales for items like bitumen & steel, Good command of English, Excellent Public relat-ion skills, Ability to work under pressure and meet deadlines, Must be able to travel, Computer literate candidate is also preferable. Interested persons may apply with their cv to vatsal@

Local Position
PReSTIGIoUS Bordeaux French wine (VEYRET LATOUR) is looking for represen-tation in Myanmar; A distribution Company importing beverages or food items willing to develop a commercial network in Myanmar and especially Yangon. An Individual (Male or Female), good presentation, fluent in English, familiar with hotels, restaurants, diplomatic world, clubs and important Companies. Knowing wine would be appreciated, but a full training will be provided. To send application or contact : dsavariau@ SAIl McCann-Erickson Ltd A joint venture of local and international advertising company is looking for young executives to be trained in media & advertising agency. Candidates shall speak and write English with computer knowledge of Power Point, Word and Excel. SAIL will train the new executive for client service & media. Those who have experience in service industry like hotel and tourism will be a plus. Pls send resume to : 790, Bogyoke Rd & Wadan Rd corner, Danathiha Center, Suite 403, Landmadaw, Yangon.

Good computer skills especially Microsoft Office package. Good clinical skill. (2) Nurse (Methandone) in Hopin, Kachin State: Diploma in Nursing. 1 years experience as a nurse. Myanmar (oral & written). Good clinical skill. Basic computer skills. (3) Nurse in Moegaung, Kachin State: Diploma in Nurs-ing. 1 year experience of working as a nurse (taking vital sings, sample taking, nursing care). Myanmar (both oral & written). Pls submit CV & a cover letter to MDM Coordination Office in Myitkyina : 429, Mye Myint Qtr, Myitkyina. Ph: 074 20 718, 09-470 12 910.

We have the honor to inform you that Office of Commercial Affairs,

eDUlINK Australia is currently recruiting more english language teachers. If you know of any teachers with a CELTA or TEFL who are native speakers of English and would like to teach in Yangon, pls ask them to send an email to: info@ edulinkaustralia. com with the subject: Potential English language teacher. TeACHeRS of English/ Chinese: BA/ MA (English/ Chinese), BEd. / MEd.- Must be fluent and proficient in language. Any interested degree holders who are proficient in English/ Chinese will be considered too. Specialisation in Early Years Teaching in Child Psychology & Methodo-logy. Have an in-depth knowledge & under-standing of Early years Education.

& 2- A Degree preferable is B.ECom, B.Com (Commerce). B.Act. Any Degree plus LCCI Level III or DA also accepta-ble. For position 3 : A Degree preferable is B.Ag, B.Sc (Botany), Diploma in Agriculture. Good in spoken & written English. Good interpersonal & communication skills Experience in the usage of computer. Pls submit CV with 2 photos, copies of relevant qualifications, Labor Registration, copy of NRC to C.P. Yangon Co., Ltd : (25/B), Thukhawady St, Yangon Ph: 577407, 703808. within 3 weeks GoeNDA bANDoolA Group Co., Ltd: We are looking for efficient & affluent candidates for the following posts, for a renowned multinatio-nal company operating in Yangon. (1). General Manager: Should have min. 10 years of experience in Tractors & Agricultural Mechani-zation sector. Duties include over all operations & marketing of the products. Must be able to speak, read & write English fluently. (2). Marketing Manager: Should have min. 5 years of experience in market-ing tractors & other agricultural equipments. Applicants with experience in marketing generators, various industrial equipments & other vehicles can also apply. Must be able to speak, read & write English fluently. (3). Chief engineer: should have min. 5 years experience in repairing & servicing of tractors & various agricultural equipments. Applicants with experience in repairing of generators & other vehicles can also apply. Must have a degree in Engineering or relevant certifications. (4). Demonstrator: Should have atleast 2 years experience in driving tractors & using agricultural imple-ments. (5). Service executive: Should have atleast 3 years experience in service & maintence of tractors and various agricultural equipments. Applicants with experience in repairing generators can also apply. Eligible applicants must send in their CVs before 30th June 2012 to : gbg. tractors @gmail.

INCePTA Pharmaceuticals Ltd. is seeking Medical Promotion Officer: graduate from any discipline (science graduate with 1-2 year experience will be preferred. Interested candidates are requested to drop updated resume/ CV to 92/94, Rm#3B, 52nd St, Pazundaung, Ph: 09-294859, or email: kyaw. zar.min@ gmail. com, Mobile: 09-5190127. Closing date: 30July-12. THIS IS a fantastic opportunity for a business manager/ analyst with two to ten years experience to step up into a career with a leading investment management & holding company. We are a key player in several industries in Asia and have an opening in our business development team for a technicalminded individual to assist in all aspects of deal execution. Your responsibilities will include: Performing Research on Companies. Liaising with Companies. Financial Modeling . Recognizing business problems & growth opportunities: At least a college graduate. 2 to 10 years experience. Proficient in, or can quickly grasp applica-ble business processes & functions. Effective verbal & written communication skills in English & Myanmar. Proficiency with Microsoft Suite (Word, Excel, & Power Point).If you have what we are looking for pls contact Cynthia on +95-942-105-3104 or send CV to kntanwani@ blAzoN Head Office: (1) Import Manager - M 1 Post. (2) brand Manager - M 1 post. (3) brand executive - M/F 3 posts. (4) Rental Car Service Manager - M 1 post. (5) Chief Security - M 1 post. (6) Sales & Marketing Supervisor - M/F 3 posts. (7) Sales Representative - M 5 posts. (8) Assistant Database Administrator - M 1 post. (9) Office Secretary - F posts. (10) Interior Designer -M/F 2 posts. (11) Merchandiser - M/F 2 posts. (12) Management Trainee - M/F 7 posts. (13) Receptionist - F 2 posts. (14) Store Keeper - M 3 posts. Above all positions

Job Wanted
Well experienced and authorized your guide (Eng; Fr.,)seeks suitable position with a well established your company. Pls call: David, 44, Athoka Street (3rd floor), Nat Chaung Ward, Tamwe, Yangon, any day before 9:00 am and after 6:00 pm.

The Essentials
EMBASSIES Australia 88, Strand Road, Yangon. tel : 251810, 251797, 251798, 251809, 246462, 246463, fax: 246159 Bangladesh 11-B, Than Lwin Road, Yangon. tel: 515275, 526144, fax: 515273, email: mm Brazil 56, Pyay Road, 6th mile, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. tel: 507225, 507251, 507482. fax: 507483. email: Administ.yangon@ Brunei 317/319, U Wizara Road, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. tel: 526985, 524285, fax: 512854 email: bruneiemb@ Cambodia 25 (3B/4B), New University Avenue Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 549609, 540964, fax: 541462, email: RECYANGON @mptmail. China 1, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 221280, 221281, 224025, 224097, 221926, fax: 227019, 228319 Egypt 81, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 222886, 222887, fax: 222865, email: egye mbyangon@mptmail. France 102, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 212178, 212520, 212523, 212528, 212532, fax: 212527, email: ambaf rance. rangoun@ Germany 9, Bogyoke Aung San Museum Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 548951, 548952, fax: 548899 email: info@rangun. India 545-547, Merchant Street, Yangon. tel: 391219, 388412, 243972, fax: 254086, 250164, 388414, email: indiaembassy @mptmail. Indonesia 100, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 254465, 254469, 229750, fax: 254468, email: kukygn Israel 15, Khabaung Street, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. tel: 515115, fax: 515116, email: info@ Italy 3, Inya Myaing Road, Golden Valley, Yangon. tel: 527100, 527101, fax: 514565, email: ambyang.mail@ Japan 100, Natmauk Road, Yangon. tel: 549644-8, 540399, 540400, 540411, 545988, fax: 549643 Embassy of the State of Kuwait Chatrium Hotel, Rm: No.416, 418, 420, 422, 40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe Tsp, Tel: 544500. North Korea 77C, Shin Saw Pu Road, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. tel: 512642, 510205, fax: 510206 South Korea 97 University Avenue, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 527142-4, 515190, fax: 513286, email: Lao A-1, Diplomatic Quarters, Tawwin Road, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. tel: 222482, fax: 227446, email: Laoembcab@ mptmail. Malaysia 82, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 220248, 220249, 220251, 220230, fax: 221840, email: mwkyangon@mptmail. Nepal 16, Natmauk Yeiktha, Yangon. tel: 545880, 557168, fax: 549803, email: nepemb Pakistan A-4, diplomatic Quarters, Pyay Road, Yangon. tel: 222881 (Chancery Exchange) fax: 221147, email: pakistan@ myanmar. Philippines 50, Sayasan Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 558149-151, fax: 558154, email: p.e. Russian 38, Sagawa Road, Yangon. tel: 241955, 254161, fax: 241953, email: rusinmyan@mptmail Serbia No. 114-A, Inya Road, P.O.Box No. 943Yangon. tel: 515282, 515283, fax: 504274, email: serbemb@ Singapore 238, Dhamazedi Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 559001, fax: 559002, 559922, email: singemb_ ygn@_ sgmfa. Sri Lanka 34 Taw Win Road, Yangon. tel: 222812, fax: 221509, email: slembassy.,, Thailand 94 Pyay Road, Dagon Township, Yangon. tel: 226721, 226728, 226824, fax: 221713 United Kingdom 80 Kanna Road, Yangon. tel: 370867, 380322, 371852, 371853, 256438, 370863, 370864, 370865, fax: 370866 United States of America 110, University Avenue, Kamayut Township, Yangon. tel: 536509, 535756, 538038, fax: 650306 Vietnam Building No. 72, Thanlwin Road, Bahan Township, Yangon. tel: 511305, fax: 514897, email: vnemb myr@ Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia No.287/289, U Wisara Rd, Sanchaung Tsp. tel : 01-536153, 516952, fax : 01-516951 UNITED NATIONS ILO Liaison Officer Rm (M1212~1220), 12 Fl-A, Traders Hotel. 223, tel: 242 393, 242811. fax: 242594. IOM 12th Flr, Traders Hotel, 223, tel: 252560 ext. 5002 UNAIDS Rm: (1223~1231), 12 Fl, Traders Hotel. tel: 252361, 252362, 252498. fax: 252364. UNDCP 11-A, Malikha St, Mayangone tsp. tel: 666903, 664539. fax: 651334. UNDP 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan tel: 542910-19. fax: 292739. UNFPA 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan tsp. tel: 546029. UNHCR 287, Pyay Rd, Sanchaung tsp. tel: 524022, 524024. fax 524031. UNIAP Rm: 1202, 12 Fl, Traders 254852, 254853. UNIC 6, Natmauk St., BHN tel: 52910~19 UNICEF 14~15 Flr, Traders Hotel. P.O. Box 1435, KTDA. tel: 375527~32, fax: 375552 email: unicef.yangon@unicef. org, UNODC 11-A, Malikha Rd., Ward 7, MYGN. tel: 666903, 660556, 660538, 660398, 664539, fax: 651334. email: www. UNOPS Inya Lake Hotel, 3rd floor, 37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 951657281~7. Fax: 657279. UNRC 6, Natmauk Rd, P.O. Box 650, TMWE tel: 542911~19, 292637 (Resident Coordinator), fax: 292739, 544531. WFP 3rd-flr, Inya Lake Hotel, 37, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. tel: 657011~6 (6-lines) Ext: 2000. WHO 12A Fl, Traders Hotel. tel:250583. ASEAN Coordinating Of. for the ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force, 79, Taw Win st, Dagon Township. Ph: 225258. FAO Myanma Agriculture Service Insein Rd, Insein. tel: 641672, 641673. fax: 641561.

General Listing
Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe. tel: 544500. fax: 544400. Summit Parkview Hotel 350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966. fax: 227995. Thamada Hotel 5, Alan Pya Phaya Rd, Dagon. tel: 243639, 243640, 243641. Traders Hotel 223 Sule Pagoda Rd. tel: 242828. fax: 242838. Winner Inn 42, Than Lwin Rd, Bahan Tsp. tel: 535205, 524387. email: winnerinnmyanmar Yangon YMCA 263, Mahabandoola Rd, Botataung Tsp. tel: 294128, Yuzana Hotel 130, Shwegondaing Rd, Bahan Tsp, tel : 01-549600, 543367 Yuzana Garden Hotel 44, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Mingalar Taung Nyunt Tsp, tel : 01-248944


Charted Certified, Certified Public Accountants. tel: 09-5010563.

Chigo No. 216, 38 Street (Upper), Kyauktada Tsp, tel : 373472

No.7A, Wingabar Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : (951) 546313, 430245. 09-731-77781~4. Fax : (01) 546313. Confort Inn 4, Shweli Rd, Bet: Inya Rd & U Wisara Rd, Kamaryut, tel: 525781, 526872 Golden Aye Yeik Mon Hotel 4, Padauk Lane, 4th Word, Aye Yeik Mon Housing, Hlaing. tel: 681706. Hotel Yangon No. 91/93, 8th Mile Junction, Mayangone. tel : 01-667708, 667688. Inya Lake Resort Hotel 37 Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. tel: 662866. fax: 665537. Orchid Hotel 91, Anawrahta street, Pazundaung Township, Yangon, . Tel: 399930, 704740, 293261. E-mail: orchidhotel@myanmar. com. mm.


The First Air conditioning systems designed to keep you fresh all day GUNKUL Engineer supply Co., Ltd. No.437 (A), Pyay Road, Kamayut. P., O 11041 Yangon, Tel: +(95-1) 502016-18, Mandalay- Tel: 02-60933. Nay Pyi Taw- Tel: 067-420778, E-mail : com. URL: http://www. General 83-91, G-F, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Kyauktada Tsp, tel : 706223, 371906

Reservation Office (Yangon) 262-264, Pyay Road, Dagon Centre, A# 03-01, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 95-1-501937, 536255, 09-520-0926.
The Oasis Hotel (Nay Pyi Taw)

Saya Min Thoun Dara Astrologer No(2), Maha Wizaya Pagoda North Stairway, Dagon Tsp. tel: 296184

Tel: 95-67-422088, 422099


No. 205, Corner of Wadan Street & Min Ye Kyaw Swa Road, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon. Myanmar. Tel: (95-1) 212850 ~ 3, 229358 ~ 61, Fax: (95-1) 212854. info@myanmarpandahotel .com http://www. Panorama Hotel 294-300, Pansodan Street, Kyauktada Tsp. tel: 253077. PARKROYAL Yangon, Myanmar 33, Alan Pya Pagoda Rd, Dagon tsp. tel: 250388. fax: 252478. email: enquiry.prygn@ Website: parkroyalhotels. com. Savoy Hotel 129, Damazedi Rd, Kamayut tsp. tel: 526289, 526298, Seasons of Yangon Yangon Intl Airport Compound. tel: 666699. Sweet Hotel 73, Damazedi Road, San Chaung Tsp, Ph: 539152 Sedona Hotel Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin. tel: 666900. Strand Hotel 92 Strand Rd. tel: 243377. fax: 289880. Easy Expat Accommodation Specialist in Yangon. Tel: 09-730-33776. Eco-Apartment Fully Furnished Ga 21, Pearl Centre (Pearl Condo), Bahan Tsp. Tel: 557488. Espace Avenir No 523, Pyay Rd, Kamaryut Tsp. tel: 505213-222. Golden Hill Towers 24-26, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. tel: 558556. ghtower@ Marina Residence 8, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 6506 51~4. fax: 650630. MiCasa Hotel Apartments 17, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin Tsp. tel: 650933. fax: 650960. Sakura Residence 9, Inya Rd, Kamaryut Tsp. tel: 525001. fax: 525002. The Grand Mee Ya Hta Executive Residence 372, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Pabedan Tsp. tel 951-256355 (25 lines). fax: 951-256360. email: gmer@, www. Yangon City Villa (Residence) Pyay Rd, 8 Mile Junction, MYGN, tel: 513101

50th Street 9/13, 50th street-lower, Botataung Tsp. Tel-397160.

Green Garden Beer Gallery Mini Zoo, Karaweik Oo-Yin Kabar.

Emergency Numbers
Ambulance tel: 295133. Fire tel: 191, 252011, 252022. Police emergency tel: 199. Police headquarters tel: 282541, 284764. Red Cross tel:682600, 682368 Traffic Control Branch tel:298651 Department of Post & Telecommunication tel: 591384, 591387. Immigration tel: 286434. Ministry of Education tel:545500m 562390 Ministry of Sports tel: 370604, 370605 Ministry of Communications tel: 067-407037. Myanma Post & Telecommunication (MPT) tel: 067407007. Myanma Post & Tele-communication (Accountant Dept) tel: 254563, 370768. Ministry of Foreign Affairs tel: 067-412009, 067-412344. Ministry of Health tel: 067-411358-9. Yangon City Development Committee tel: 248112. HOSPITALS Central Womens Hospital tel: 221013, 222811. Children Hospital tel: 221421, 222807 Ear, Nose & Throat Hospital tel: 543888. Naypyitaw Hospital (emergency) tel: 420096. Workers Hospital tel: 554444, 554455, 554811. Yangon Children Hospital tel: 222807, 222808, 222809. Yangon General Hospital (East) tel: 292835, 292836, 292837. Yangon General Hospital (New) tel: 384493, 384494, 384495, 379109. Yangon General Hospital (West) tel: 222860, 222861, 220416. Yangon General Hospital (YGH) tel: 256112, 256123, 281443, 256131. ELECTRICITY Power Station tel:414235 POST OFFICE General Post Office 39, Bo Aung Kyaw St. (near British Council Library). tel: 285499. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Yangon International Airport tel: 662811. YANGON PORT Shipping (Coastal vessels) tel: 382722 RAILWAYS Railways information tel: 274027, 202175-8.

INYA1 Resturant & Bar No.(1), Inya Road, Kamayut Tsp. Tel: 01-527506 email:

Strand Bar 92, Strand Rd, Yangon, Myanmar. tel: 243377.fax: 243393,

Lobby Bar PARKROYAL Yangon, Myanmar. 33, Alan Pya Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp. tel: 250388.

mt QuiCk guide
June 18 - 24, 2012


MyanMar tiMes

Inya Day Spa 16/2, Inya Rd, Kamayut Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 537907, 503375.

SAIL Marketing & Communications Suite 403, Danathiha Center 790, Corner of Bogyoke Rd & Wadan Rd, Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: (951) 211870, 224820, 2301195. Email: admin@ www.advertising-myanmar. com

Room - 4021, 3rd Floor, Taw Win Centre. Ph: 8600111 (Ext:4021), 09-803-2581. Qi Foot Spa At Inya Lake Hotel, Yangon. Tel: +951-662866, 662857 Ext: 1725 Zen Wellness Care No.62 (A), Rm-3, Yaw Min Gyi St, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: +951-252939.

MYANMAR BOOK CENTRE Nandawun Compound, No. 55, Baho Road, Corner of Baho Road and Ahlone Road, (near Eugenia Restaurant), Ahlone Township. tel: 212 409, 221 271. 214708 fax: 524580. email: info@




24 hours Cancer centre No. 330, Yangon International Hotel, Ahlone Road, Dagon Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: (951) 218388, 218292 Fax: (951) 218389


Zamil Steel No-5, Pyay Road, 7 miles, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (95-1) 652502~04. Fax: (95-1) 650306. Email: zamilsteel@

Dance Lessons Mon-Fri 12:00 to 23:00. Sat-Sun 10 am to 8 pm Fun dancing Friday nights with Filipino musicians 4, U Tun Myat St, Tamwe. Tel: 01-541 550 The Uranium Dance Studio Pearl condo Bldg (C), 2nd flr, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 09731-42624, 09-514-0404.

La Brasserie (International) PARKROYAL Yangon. 33, Alan Pya Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp. tel : 250388. Cafe de Angel Always Pure & Fresh No.24, Baho Rd, Ahlone Tsp. tel : 703449 Opening Hour: 9 am to 11 pm

Yangon : A-3, Aung San Stadium (North East Wing), Mingalartaungnyunt Tsp. Tel : 245543, 09-730-37772. Mandalay : Room No.(B,C) (National Gas), 35th St, Btw 80th & 81st, Chanayetharzan Tsp. Tel : 09-6803505, 02 34455, 36748, 71878.



Espace Avenir 523, Pyay Rd, Kamayut Tsp, Tel : 505214, 505222 FIT Club - Rm 101~3, Marina Residence, 8, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp, Tel : 650634, 650651 Ext:102 Parkroyal Fitness & Spa Parkroyal Yangon. 33, Alan Pya Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp. Tel: 250388.

Architecture 3 Construction Co, Ltd. No. 154, 39th Street, Between Maha Bandoola & Anawratha Road, Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon. Contact: Ma Khaing Tun Business Development 09-502-5782

La Source Beauty Spa 80(A), Inya Rd, Kamayut. tel: 512 380, 511 252. Sedona Hotel, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. tel: 666 900 My Way Diamond Condo, Bldg(A), Rm (G-02), Pyay Rd, Kamayut Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 52717, 09 51 70528

No. (8), Panchan Tower, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 951-516891~3, www.mtg.,

INYA1 Resturant & Bar No.(1), Inya Road, Kamayut Tsp. Tel: 01-527506 email: Traders Caf Traders Hotel, Yangon. #223, Sule Pagoda Rd. Tel: 242828 ext: 6519

Natural Gems of Myanmar No. 30 (A), Pyay Road (7 mile), Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 01-660397, 654398~9. E-mail: spgems.myanmar

24 hours Medical centre No. 330, Ground Flr, Yangon Intl Hotel, Ahlone Road, Dagon Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. 24 hour Call Centre : (951) 218 445 Clinic : (959) 4921 8159 Office : (951) 218 446 Fax : (951) 218 389
Shimmering Gold Services Co., Ltd.





A Little Dayspa No. 475 C, Pyi Road, Kamayut, Yangon. Tel: 09-431-28831.
ISO 9001:2008 (QMS)

Duty Free Airport Shopping Yangon International Airport Arrival/Departure Tel: 662676 (Airport) Office: 17, 2nd street, Hlaing Yadanarmon Housing, Hlaing Township, Yangon. Tel: 500143, 500144, 500145.

Mr. Betchang No.(272), Pyay Rd, DNH Tower, Rm No.(503), 5th flr, Sanchaung Tsp, Tel: 095041216 The Yangon GYM Summit Parkview Hotel 350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966. Traders Health Club. Level 5, Traders Hotel Yangon#223 Sule Pagoda Rd, Tel: 951 242828 Ext: 6561

Traders Hotel, 5th Floor Tel: 242828,Ext: Coreana. Sedona Hotel, Mandalay Ground Fl. Tel: 02-36488, Ext: Coreana

Proven Technology Industry Co., Ltd. No. FS 14, Bayintnaung Rd, Shwe Sabai Yeik Mon, Kamayut Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 951-951-701719~20, 527667, 531030, 531041, 530694. Fax: 527667, 531030. http//www.

MHR Business & Management Institute 905, 9th floor, Modern Iron Market(Thanzay Condo) Lanmadaw St. Tel: 707822. NLEC 82 Anawrahta Rd, Corner of 39 St, Kyauktada Tsp. Tel: 250225.

Winning Way No. 589-592, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Yangon-Pathein highway Road. Hlaing Tharyar tsp. Tel: 951645178-182, 685199, Fax: 951-645211, 545278. e-mail: mkt-mti@

VEJTHANI MYANMAR REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE No.125(C), West Shwe Gon Dine Road, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar. 01-3449977. Hot Line: 09-507-1111, 01-555448, 555998.


22, Pyay Rd, 9 mile, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 660769, 664363.

G-A, Ground Floor, Pearl Center, Kabaraye Pagoda Road, Yangon. Tel: 09 500 6880 Email: chocolateheaven.





Lemon Day Spa No. 96 F, Inya Road, Kamaryut Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 514848, 09-732-08476. E.mail: lemondayspa.2011

Innwa Book Store No. 246, Rm.201/301, GF, Pansodan Street (Upper Block), Kyauktada Tsp. Tel. 389838, 243216, 374324, 514387

Est. 1992 in Myanmar Cold Storage Specialist, Solar Hot Water Storage Solutions. Tel: 09-504-2196, 09-73194828. E-mail: gei.ygn2@, glover2812@

Est. 1992 in Myanmar Electrical & Mechanical Contractors, Designers, Consultants. Tel: 09-504-2196, 09-73194828. E-mail: gei.ygn2@, glover2812@

Floral Service & Gift Shop No. 449, New University Avenue, Bahan Tsp. YGN. Tel: 541217, 559011, 09-860-2292. Market Place By City Mart Tel: 523840~43, 523845~46, Ext: 205. Junction Nay Pyi Taw Tel: 067-421617~18 422012~15, Ext: 235. Res: 067-414813, 09-49209039. Email : eternal@

81, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, Bahan Township, Yangon. Tel: 548022, 542979, 553783, 09-8030847, 09-730-56079. Email: asiapacific.


Hotel ManagementConsultants (Singapore) Yangon Office Tel. : 09-516-6400 Email: Agent Office, 5th Floor, Junction Centre (Maw Tin), Lanmadaw Township, Yangon. Myanmar. Ph: 09-731-56770, 09-5117584, Fax: 01-516313, myanmarmeditour@gmail. com

U Min Sein, BSc, RA, CPA.,RL Advocate of the Supreme Court 83/14 Pansodan St, Yangon. tel: 253 273.

Floral Service & Gift Centre 102(A), Dhamazaydi Rd, 500142 Summit Parkview Hotel, tel: 211888, 211966 ext. 173 fax: sandy@


Acupuncture, Medicine Massage, Foot Spa Add:No,27(A),Ywa Ma Kyaung Street, Hlaing Township, Yangon. Tel: 01-511122, 526765. Piyavate Hospital (Bangkok) Myanmar Represent ative (Head office) Grand Mee Yahta Executive Residences. No.372, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, PBDN. Ph: 256355, Ext: 3206. Hotline: 09-73777799. Email: piyavate@cnt., piyavate.cnt@, Website: www. PHIH-Specialist Clinic FMI Centre (4th Floor) #380, Bogyoke Aung San Road, Pabedan Tsp. tel: 243 010, 243 012, 243 013

Foral Service & Gifts shop No.2, Corner of Khay Mar St & Baho Rd (Near Asia Royal Hospital), Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. email: yangonflorist@ Tel: 01-510406, 09-73184714.

Top Marine Show Room No-385, Ground Floor, Lower Pazundaung Road, Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon. Ph: 01-202782, 09-851-5597

Media & Advertising


Foam Spray Insulation No-410, Ground Floor, Lower Pazuntaung Road, Pazuntaung Tsp, Yangon. Telefax : 01-203743, 09730-26245, 09-500-7681. Hot Line-09-730-30825.

NatRay Co., Ltd. Rm 807, La Pyayt Wun Plaza. tel : 01-370833, 370836

24 hours Laboratory & X-ray No. 330, Ground Flr, Yangon Intl Hotel, Ahlone Road, Dagon Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: (951) 218388, (951) 218292 Fax: (951) 218389

Intuitive Design, Advertising, Interior Decoration Corporate logo/Identity/ Branding, Brochure/ Profile Booklet/ Catalogue/ Billboard, Corporate diary/ email newsletter/ annual reports, Magazine, journal advertisement and 3D presentation and detailed planning for any interior decoration works. Talk to us: (951) 430-897, 553-918 58B Myanma Gon Yaung Housing, Than Thu Mar Road, Tamwe, Yangon.


mt QuiCk guide
June 18 - 24, 2012
Streamline Education 24, Myasabai Rd, Parami, Myangone Tsp. tel: 662304, 09-500-6916. No. 105/107, Kha-Yae-Bin Road. between Pyi Daung Su Yeik Tha (Halpin) and Manawhari Road/Ahlone Road, Dagon Tsp. Tel/Fax: 538895, Tel: 09730-29973, 09-540-9469.

MyanMar tiMes

House of Memories Piano Bar & Restaurant Myanmar Cuisine & International Food 290, U Wizara Rd, Kamaryut Tsp, Yangon. tel: 525 195, 534 242. e-mail: houseofmemories

MMRD Research BLDG C, New Mingalar Market, 10-story BLDG, 8 & 9 flr, Coner of Mill St & Banyardala Rd, Mingalar Taungnyunt Tsp. Tel: 200326, 200846, 201350. Fax: 202425.


Legendary Myanmar Intl Shipping & Logistics Co., Ltd. No-9, Rm (A-4), 3rd Flr, Kyaung St, Myaynigone, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 516827, 523653, 516795. Mobile. 09-512-3049. Email: legandarymyr@ .mm

1. WASABI : No.20-B, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin Tsp,(Near MiCasa), Tel; 666781,09-503-9139 2. WASABI SUSHI : Market Place by City Mart (1st Floor). Tel; 09-430-67440 Myaynigone (City Mart) Yankin Center (City Mart) Junction Mawtin (City Mart)

No.35(b), Tatkatho Yeik Mon Housing, New University Avenue, Bahan Township, Yangon. Tel: 951-549451, 557219, 540730.

The Brightest AC CFL Bulb 21, 9th St, Lanmadaw Tsp. Ph: 212243, 216861, 216864. spsolarstation@ www.

INYA1 Resturant & Bar No.(1), Inya Road, Kamayut Tsp. Tel: 01-527506 email: Phoenix Court (Chinese) PARKROYAL Yangon. 33, Alan Pya Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp. tel: 250388. Royal Garden Nat Mauk Road, Kandaw Gyi Natural Park, Bahan Tsp. tel: 546202 Signature Near U Htaung Bo Round, about Bahan Tsp. tel: 546488, 543387. Summer Palace (Chinese) Restaurant Level 2, Traders Hotel, #223, Sule Pagoda Road. tel: 242828. ext:6483 Target Bldg B, 1-fl, Rm F-23, Pearl condo. Bahan tsp. Tel: 09-513-5924, 09-5048750. TG Bar & Restaurant The Grand Mee Ya Hta Executive Residences (2nd Flr), Bogyoke Aung San Rd. Tel: 385101, 256355. Horizon Intl School 25, Po Sein Road, Bahan Tsp, tel : 541085, 551795, 551796, 450396~7. fax : 543926, email : contact@horizonmyanmar. com, ILBC 180, Thunandar 9th Lane, Thumingalar Housing, 562401.

Monday to Saturday (9am to 6pm) No. 797, MAC Tower II, Rm -4, Ground Flr, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Lamadaw Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (951) 212944 Ext: 303 sales.centuremyanmar@

Schenker (Thai) Ltd. Yangon 59 A, U Lun Maung Street. 7 Mile Pyay Road, MYGN. tel: 667686, 666646.fax: 651250. email: sche


Bo Sun Pat Tower, Bldg 608, Rm 6(B), Cor of Merchant Rd & Bo Sun Pat St, PBDN Tsp. Tel: 377263, 250582, 250032, 09-511-7876, 09-862-4563. Kohaku Japanese Restaurant Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Tsp, Lobby Level, Tel: 544500 Ext 6231 KSS Setyone Rd, Mingalar Taung Nyunt. tel: 203320.

PEB Steel Buildings 60 (A), Halpin Road, Yangon. Tel: 01-218223, 218224. Fax: 218224. mm

ILBC IGCSE SCHOOL No.(34), Laydauntkan Road, Tamwe Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 542982, 545720, 549106,545736,400156 Fax: 541040 Email: ISM Intl School W 22/24, Mya Kan Thar Housing, Hlaing Tsp. tel:530082, 530083. International School Yangon 20, Shwe Taung Kyar St, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 512793. Asia Light 106, Set Yone 294074, 294083. Capital Hyper Mart 14(E), Min Nandar Road, Dawbon Tsp. Ph: 553136. City Mart (Aung San Branch) tel: 253022, 294765. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (47th St Branch) tel: 200026, 298746. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (Junction 8 Branch) tel: 650778. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (FMI City Branch) tel: 682323. City Mart (Yankin Center Branch) tel: 400284. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (Myaynigone Branch) tel: 510697. (9:00 am to 10:00 pm) City Mart (Zawana Branch) tel:564532. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (Shwe Mya Yar Branch) tel: 294063. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (Chinatown Point Branch) tel: 215560~63. (9:00 am to 10:00 pm) City Mart (Junction Maw Tin Branch) tel: 218159. (9:00 am to 9:00 pm) City Mart (Marketplace) tel: 523840~43. (9:00 am to 10:00 pm) City Mart (78th Brahch-Mandalay) tel: 02-71467~9. (9:00 am to 10:00 pm) IKON Mart IKON Trading Co., Ltd. No.332, Pyay Rd, San Chaung P.O (11111), Yangon,

Myanmar. Tel: 95-1-535783, 527705, 501429. Fax: 95-1-527705. Email: Junction Mawtin Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Cor of Wadan St. Lanmadaw Tsp. Tel: Junction Square Pyay Rd, Kamayut Tsp. Tel: Ocean Supercentre (North Point ), 9th Mile, Mayangone Tsp. Tel: 651 200, 652963. Pick n Pay Hyper Market Bldg (A,B,C), (14~16), Shwe Mya Yar Housing, Mya Yar Gone St, Mingalartaungnyunt Tsp. Tel: 206001~3, Fax: 9000199 Sein Gay Har 44, Pyay Rd, Dagon Tsp. Tel: 383812, 379823. Super 1 (Kyaikkasan) 65, Lay Daunt Kan St, Tel: 545871~73 Super 1 (Shwe Bonthar) 397, Bogyoke Aung San St, Pabedan. Tel: 250268~29 Victoria Shwe Pone Nyet Yeik Mon, Bayint Naung Rd, Kamaryut Tsp. Tel : 515136.

Moby Dick Tours Co., Ltd. Islands Safari in the Mergui Archipelago 4 Days, 6 Days, 8 Days Trips Tel: 95 1 202063, 202064 E-mail: mobydicktours@ Website: www.



Road to Mandalay Myanmar Hotels & Cruises Ltd. Governors Residence 39C, Taw Win Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (951) 229860 fax: (951) 217361. email:

24 hours open. 5, Alan Pya Phaya Rd, Dagon Tsp, inside Thamada Hotel. tel 243640, 243047, Ext: 32.

Asian Trails Tour Ltd 73 Pyay Rd, Dagon tsp. tel: 211212, 223262. fax: 211670. email: res@ Htoo Travels 209/c, first flr, Shwe Gonedaing Rd, Bahan. Tel: 548554, 548039. Sun Far Travels & Tours 27, Ground flr, 38th st, Kyauktada Tsp. Tel: 380888.

Enchanting and Romantic, a Bliss on the Lake 62 D, U Tun Nyein Road, Mayangon Tsp, Yangon The Ritz Exclusive Lounge Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Tsp, Ground Floor, Tel: 544500 Ext 6243, 6244

Lunch/Dinner/Catering 555539, 536174

No.430(A), Corner of Dhamazedi Rd & Golden Valley Rd, Building(2) Market Place (City Mart), Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 01-523840(Ext-309), 09-73208079. Black Canyon Coffee & International Thai Cuisine 330, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp. Tel: 0980 21691, 395052. email: blackcanyon@ yangon. Feel 164/168, War Tan St, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon, Ph: 223697, 09 511 8415, 09 50 14288

Tel. 01 665 516, 660976 Mob. 09-4210-34875

Admissions Office: No. 44, Than Lwin Road, Bahan Township, Yangon. Tel: 535433, 09-850-3073. Email: rviacademygn@


TOP MARINE PAINT No-410, Ground Floor, Lower Pazundaung Road, Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon. Ph: 09-851-5202

22, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. tel 541997. email: leplanteur@ Little Tokyo Japanese Fine Dining No.168 (C), Dhamazedi Rd, Bahan Township, Yangon. Ph: 09-731-85168, 09-731-78946 Tiger Hill Chinese Restaurant Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40, Natmauk Road, Tamwe Tsp, Lobby Level, Tel: 544500 Ext 6253 Traders Gourmet Corner Level 1, Traders Hotel, #223 Sule Pagoda Road, Kyauktada Tsp. Tel : 242828 ext : 6503 Traders Gallery Bar Level 2, Traders Hotel, #223 Sule Pagoda Road. tel: 242 828. ext: 6433 Traders Lobby Lounge Level 1, Traders Hotel, #223 Sule Pagoda Road. tel: 242 828. ext: 6456 Western Park Thakhin Mya Park, Ahlone. Tel: 225143 YKKO 28, Saya San Road, Bahan Tsp. tel:01-541998


95, Anawrahta Rd. Tel:296552, 293754. 336, Pyay Rd, Sanchaung Tsp. Tel: 526456. New University Avenue, 551521, 551951, 553896. U Wisara Rd, Tel: 524599, 501976.

The Global leader in Water Heaters A/1, Aung San Stadium East Wing, Upper Pansodan Road. Tel: 251033, 09-730-25281.

Same as Rinnai Gas cooker and cooker Hood Showroom Address

Water Heater

Relocation Specialist Rm 504, M.M.G Tower, #44/56, Kannar Rd, Botahtaung Tsp. Tel: 250290, 252313. Mail :


Monsoon Restaurant & Bar 85/87, Thein Byu Road, Botahtaung Tsp. Tel: 295224, 09-501 5653. Pansweltaw Express Cafe: 228, Ahlone Rd, Ahlone Tsp. Tel: 215363 (1)-Rm-309, 3rd flr, Ocean, East Point Shopping Center, Pazundaung Tsp. Tel: 397900 Ext: 309. (2)G-Flr, Ocean North Point Shopping Center. Tel:652959, 652960, Ext: 133. E-mail: pansweltaw@

Italian delicatesse & Ice-cream No.150, Dhamazadi Rd, Bahan Tsp. (Monunent Book Shop) Open Daily 9:00am to 7:00pm. Italian Ice-cream, Pasta, Pizza & Bar (2) G/F, City Mart, Myaynigone Centre. tel : 508469, 508470 ext. 113 Open Daily 9:00am to 10:00pm.

Crown Worldwide Movers Ltd 790, Rm 702, 7th Flr Danathiha Centre, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Lanmadaw. Tel: 223288, 210 670, 227650. ext: 702. Fax: 229212. email: crown

Yangon International School Fully Accredited K-12 International Curriculum with ESL support No.117,Thumingalar Housing, Thingangyun Township, Yangon. Tel: 578171, 573149 Yangon International School New Early Childhood Center Pan Hlaing Golf Estate Housing & U Tun Nyo Street, Hlaing Thar Yar Township, Yangon. Tel: 687701, 687702

World-class Web Services Tailor-made design, Professional research & writing for Brochure/ Catalogue/e-Commerce website, Customised business web apps, online advertisement and anything online. Talk to us: (951) 430-897, 553-918 58B Myanma Gon Yaung Housing. Than Thu Mar Road, Tamwe, Yangon.

June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Nadal sees out rain to seal record 7th French Open

By Dave James PARIS Rafael Nadal described his record-setting seventh French Open triumph as an unforgettable moment after the Spanish world number two defeated Novak Djokovic 6-4, 6-3, 2-6, 7-5 in the rain-delayed final on June 11. Victory took Nadal past the six Roland Garros titles he shared with Swedish legend Bjorn Borg and his career majors total to 11. It is an honour and for me the most important tournament, the greatest in my eyes, said Nadal. This is an unforgettable moment for me, there are a lot of emotions. It was a privilege to play against one of the best players in the world. But Nadal later admitted he had been worried about the final, which had resumed with Djokovic 2-1 ahead with a break in the fourth set after June 10s action had been stopped twice because of rain and poor playing conditions. I was anxious about playing. The conditions last night were not right for a Grand Slam final, he said. Today I wasnt ready for the match not two hours, or even one hour before the match restarted. I only felt ready to go on court three minutes before. Only then did I feel ready to play. Before that I was too nervous. Nadal had been a set and 5-3 ahead when play was first halted on June 10. On the resumption, he took the set and went 2-0 up in the third before he lost both his composure and eight straight games as Djokovic hit back to take the third set and open a 2-0 lead in the fourth. The conditions were unusual and the balls were heavier than ever. The bounces were bad in the last half hour and I think the conditions were more favourable for Novak than for me, said the champion. He played fantastic, won eight games in a row and did everything very well. I wasnt able to push him back and he was able to push me back. I was in negative positions. But the last game which I won for 2-1 was very important. For five-time major winner Djokovic, the Wimbledon, US Open and Australian Open champion, the June 11 defeat was the end of his dream of emulating Don Budge (1938) and Rod Laver (1962 and 1969) by holding all the four Grand Slams at once.

Chinese prodigy given historic US Open start

SAN FRANCISCO Chinese 14-year-old Andy Zhang became the youngest golfer to play the US Open since World War II on June 14 after withdrawals by Brandt Snedeker and Paul Casey. Having narrowly failed to qualify for the years second major, Zhang suddenly found himself propelled into the tournament due to last minute entry adjustments and injury withdrawals. At only 14 years and six months when he teed off for the June 14 opening round, he is thought to be the youngest ever to play in the US Open. The US Golf Associations records on contestants dont go back for all 111 prior Opens, so officials confirm hes the youngest Since World War II surpassing the previous mark of Tadd Fujikawa, who was 15 years old when he played at Winged Foot in 2006. Coming in fifth on the original list, Zhang moved up when three players were called in after the publication of the worlds top 60 last week and then became first alternate when Brandt Snedeker pulled out with a rib problem. Englishman Paul Caseys injury withdrawal on June 11 finally opened the door for him to make his majors debut and US Open history. I never thought I could get here this early, said Zhang, whose father told him just to try hard and enjoy himself in local qualifying. Asked for his reaction to such a young player competing in the US Open, Tiger Woods said that technological advances were playing a key role. These kids are now bringing out iPads to the range and watching their swing and breaking it down on the V1 [video analysis software]. Thats totally different, he said. Like [Ben] Hogan said, if he had a video camera the changes would happen so much faster. These kids are now being introduced when they first start. Thats the new generation. The swings are all going to look very similar, and all these kids are going to have power. AFP

Spains Rafael Nadal celebrates after winning the Mens Singles final against Serbias Novak Djokovic at the French Open at the Roland Garros stadium in Paris on June 11. Pic: AFP The Serb, who now turns his attention to defending his Wimbledon title from June 25, said he was determined to take positives out of reaching his first Roland Garros final. He was the first player at this years tournament to break the Nadal serve doing it seven times in all but was undone by his 53 unforced errors. But Djokovic admitted that he had been disappointed when the final was halted for a second and last time on a rain-plagued June 10 with him having taken the third set and standing 2-1 in the fourth with a break of serve. I started to play better in the third set. I hoped to play a fifth set. The first interruption [a set and 5-3 down in the second set] helped me. But the second break did not, he said. The playing conditions were not good. But its not anybodys fault, and its not the reason why I lost today. I reached the final for the first time here, so I wouldnt change anything. Everything happens for a reason. AFP

WBO set to review controversial Bradley win over Pacquiao

LOS ANGELES The World Boxing Organisation announced it will review Timothy Bradleys shock split-decision victory over Manny Pacquiao, which sparked outrage among observers who thought the Filipino fight king won the bout. Bradley, who improved to 29-0 with the victory, ended Manny Pacquiaos 15-fight winning streak with a stunning split decision victory on June 9, seizing the Filipino icons World Boxing Organisation welterweight title. But WBO president Francisco Paco Valcarcel said in a statement that the bodys championship committee would review the fight to take measures in accordance with the rules of procedure. Valcarcel said the committee will meet soon and evaluate video of the fight with the help of five recognised international judges. Based on what emerges the committee will make a recommendation to the WBO. I want to clarify that in no way this says that we are doubting the capacity of these judges, which we consider as honest and competent judges, Valcarcel said. The bout in Las Vegas saw judge Jerry Roth give Pacquiao the fight 115-113, but CJ Ross and Duane Ford both had Bradley winning by the same score, despite Pacquiao appearing to land the more damaging blows throughout the contest. and in the sixth backed Bradley into the ropes, unleashing a barrage that included a strong right hook to the body. A tenacious Bradley continued to challenge Pacquiao, and it was Bradleys work in the final three rounds that sealed it for the judges. The announcement of the result was greeted by boos from the proPacquiao crowd. Pacquiaos wife Jinkee and sons Manny Jnr and Michael watching their father fight in Las Vegas for the first time looked stunned. The fights promoter, Bob Arum, questioned the competence of the judges, the selection process the Nevada State Athletic Commission used to choose them, and the fact that all came from Nevada. I want to congratulate Tim Bradley, hes going to make a lot of money, Arum said. But I want to say I have never been ashamed as much to be associated with the sport of boxing as I am tonight. While Arum said after the fight that the scoring was the result of incompetence and not corruption, on June 11 he said he would ask the Nevada attorney generals office for a full and complete inquiry. On June 12, US Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid backed a probe into the decision. If an investigation makes everyone feel better, do the investigation, said Reid, who represents Nevada. AFP

Timothy Bradley (right) of the US defends a blow from Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines during their WBO welterweight title match at the MGM Grand Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada on June 9. Pic: AFP Pacquiao fell to 54-4-2 with 38 wins inside the distance, suffering his first defeat since he dropped a 12-round unanimous decision to Erik Morales in March 2005. Pacquiao, a world champion in eight weight classes who is reckoned the best pound-for-pound fighter in the world, said he thought he had done enough to win. Absolutely, yes, he said during a post-bout interview, to cheers from the crowd of 14,206 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena. I respect the decision, but 100 percent I believe I won the fight, he said. To be honest, I dont think he hurt me with one punch, Pacquiao said. Bradley said of his opponent: Hes a strong puncher, he rocked me a couple of times in the fight, but I held my ground and fought to the end. This is boxing. Every round was pretty close. Pacquiao won some of the early rounds. I controlled the later rounds with my jab. In the fourth Pacquiao hurt Bradley with a series of blows. After one exchange that included a left to Bradleys jaw the American stumbled back. Pacquiao rocked Bradley with another left to the head in the fifth


June 18 - 24, 2012

MyanMar tiMes

Under-22 AFC Cup spur for Myanmar football, says coach

By Aung Si Hein THINGS dont look too positive for Myanmars Under-22 squad after spending one month training in South Korea in preparation for the AFC Championship group qualifiers from June 23 to July 3. The squad played five friendly games against university teams and lost them all. Myanmar had no way of beating the South Korean teams, said the South Korean coach of the Myanmar U-22 squad, Park Sunh Hwa. They were just South Korean university student teams but the technique was so different. Myanmar players must realise their level and try harder, he said. Myanmar goes into Group G of the AFC Championship, playing against South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Taipei and Vietnam. Only the top two teams from the group will go through, while the best runner-up from all groups will also qualify. Mr Park said Myanmar is currently behind Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam in the region let alone in Asian football, saying that although Myanmar has the ability to beat any of them, they have not reached the level where they can win regularly. But he said the AFC Championship was the perfect opportunity to spur football development in the country and he called on the Myanmar Football Federation (MFF) to do more to support the team and kick on with promoting the sport. The MFF itself has

London olympics ceremony revealed

LONDON Londons Olympic Stadium will be transformed into a rural British idyll for the Games opening ceremony on July 27, organisers said on June 12. The ceremonys artistic director Danny Boyle whose film Slumdog Millionaire won eight Oscars said the 27 million (US$42 million) ceremony would give Britons a picture of ourselves as a nation. On entry to the Olympic Stadium in East London the audience will see a scene that represents a traditional and idyllic view of the British countryside, Games organisers LOCOG said in a statement. The set will be complete with meadows, fields and rivers, and featuring families taking picnics, sport being played on the village green and farmers tilling the soil whilst real farmyard animals graze. Real farmyard animals will be grazing in the country scene including 70 sheep, 12 horses, three cows, two goats and 10 chickens, plus three sheepdogs. A billion people worldwide are expected to watch the extravaganza on television, organisers said. Boyle paid tribute to the cast of 10,000 volunteers, who have already held 157 rehearsals. Ive been astounded by the selfless dedication of the volunteers, he said. They are the pure embodiment of the Olympic spirit and represent the best of who we are as a nation. The largest bell in Europe will ring inside the stadium to open the extravaganza, which has been named Isles in Wonder after a speech from William Shakespeares play The Tempest. The 27-tonne bell is inscribed with a quote from one of the plays characters Caliban: Be not afeard, the isle is full of noises. Boyle said the bell was a fitting inclusion because thats how communities notified each other that something important was going to happen. ... After the war the bells were rung in London to announce the peace and we will begin our Games with a symbol of peace. London Games chief Sebastian Coe said organisers had designed one of the biggest sets ever built for the stadium, which will be equipped with a million-watt sound system. Some 80,000 spectators will be able to watch a full dress rehearsal at the venue at a date yet to be announced. The budget for the opening and closing ceremonies was doubled to 81 million ($127 million) in December, reportedly after British Prime Minister David Cameron intervened. AFP

Myanmars U-22 football team coach, Park Sunh Hwa (right), leads a training session at Thuwunna Stadium on June 6 ahead of their AFC campaign. Pic: Boothee spent nearly US$500,000 to host group G qualifying matches, installing Italianmade electric bulbs at a cost of $250,000 for Yangons Thuwanna Stadium, one of the two local venues chosen for the games. They are also fixing the chairs at Thuwanna Stadium while replanting grass and refurbishing rooms at Aung San Stadium. Although he admitted he has struggled to find a solution to transform the team in such a short time, Mr Park said the players were training harder than before, and were able to work on their fitness, speed and formation during the 10-day training. It will still be very difficult for Myanmar to qualify; we have to beat Malaysia, Vietnam and Taipei. I am thinking of how to win against those teams. But it also depends on our players thinking and motivation, Mr Park said. He admitted to being motivated by the challenge of overturning the perceived condescension of Myanmar by their opponents, adding that other games could just as easily influence whether they qualify or not. Other members of the U-22 coaching staff indicated what strengths and weakness they are working on in training. We are inferior to the [South] Korean team in technique while with ASEAN teams it is a fitness issue, U Tin Myint Aung, a coach with the U-22 squad, said. Our players have no less quality but a higher degree of fighting spirit, fitness and understanding of teamwork is being asked of them. U Tin Myint Aung said the training staff are also collating information on opponent teams and their preparations. The Philippines will come with largely the same squad that took part in the [Brunei] Hansanal Bolkia Cup [from February 24 to March 9]] but with a different coach. Malaysia has been training with the Slovakia second division league for six months, while Vietnam has the most players from the squad that participated in the Bolkia Cup, with two midfielders training in Germany. We have so far failed to enquire about Taipei, U Tin Myint Aung said. The squad will head for Thailand for further friendlies with the Thai U-22 team on June 17 and then the Maldives on June 19. The AFC U-22 Championship is being held for the first time with the Asian Football Confederate planning to hold it every two years from 2013 onward in the hope of further improving Asian football for international events such as the Olympics.

China jails eight in football corruption finale

BEIJING China on June 13 jailed two ex-chiefs of its football association, four former national team players and two others, in the culmination of a major crackdown on corruption in the scandal-plagued sport. Former Chinese Football Association (CFA) head Nan Yong and his predecessor Xie Yalong were each given sentences of 10 years and six months for taking bribes, the official Xinhua news agency said. Nan took bribes worth 1.48 million yuan (US$235,000) while Xie accepted 1.7 million yuan, it said. The sentences mark the culmination of a campaign to root out entrenched graft in the Chinese game that has ensnared dozens of CFA and club officials, referees and players accused of match-fixing, gambling and other crimes. The scandal coupled with poor performances by the national team have made football the laughing stock of Chinese fans and have undermined the popularity of the domestic game in the worlds most populous country. Xinhua said four former national team players and a former national team official were also sentenced by courts in the northeastern province of Liaoning for accepting bribes to fix domestic matches. Wei Shaohui, the former national team official, was jailed for 10 years and six months. Player Shen Si was sentenced to six years in jail while Qi Hong, Jiang Jin and Li Ming each received five-andhalf year sentences. State media has said Qi and Jiang two key players on the Chinese national side who qualified for the 2002 World Cup finals took bribes to fix a 2003 domestic game in which their team, Shanghai Guoji, lost to a rival. The pair, along with former national teammates Shen and Li, took a total of at least 8.0 million yuan in bribes, Xinhua said. Courts in the three cities which handed out the sentences, timed to be announced on the same day, could not be reached for comment. Another former CFA official was jailed for nine years, while the former head of the southwest city of Chongqings football association and the ex-manager of the citys Lifan club each received two years, though those sentences were suspended. According to Xinhua, the crackdown on corruption which began in 2009 has seen 56 high-level football officials, players and referees put behind bars. But it quoted experts as warning that the June 13 sentences should be a comma rather than a full stop in the fight against match-fixing, gambling, bribery and embezzlement that ravaged the Chinese professional soccer leagues. Will Chinese soccer be free of corruption after this houseclean? I am not that optimistic, the report quoted Chen Peide the former head of the sports bureau in the eastern province of Zhejiang as saying. Chen has long been outspoken about corruption in the football world, and warned that it will take a long time to solve the problem because the current system is a hotbed for corruption. AFP

Nan Yong, vice president of China Football Association, pictured during the 2009 for the signing ceremony Chinese Football Association Super League in Beijing, was sentenced on June 13 for taking bribes. Pic : AFP

Premier League TV deal brings extra 1 billion, raises status

By Julian Guyer

By Julian Guyer LONDON Harry Redknapp was sacked as manager of Tottenham Hotspur on June 14 after nearly four years in charge of the Premier League club. This is not a decision the board and I have taken lightly, said Tottenham chairman Daniel Levy in a statement. Harry arrived at the club at a time when his experience and approach was exactly what was needed. This decision in no way detracts from the excellent work Harry has done during his time with the club and I should like to thank him for his achievements and contribution. Spurs were bottom of the Premier League table when Redknapp arrived at White Hart Lane from Portsmouth in 2008 and Levy added: Harry will always be welcome at the Lane. Redknapp, in a statement issued by Tottenham, said: I have thoroughly enjoyed my time at Spurs and am proud of my achievements. I have had a fantastic four years with the club, at times the football has been breathtaking. I am sad to be leaving but wish to thank the players, staff and fans for their terrific support during my time there. The 65-year-old Englishman was known to be pushing Levy for an extension to his contract, which was due to expire at the end of next season, saying the uncertainty surrounding his position was destabilising the squad. It has been claimed that Levy was only willing to offer Redknapp a rolling 12-month contract whereas Redknapp favoured a longer deal. Redknapp, whose status as the media and fans favourite to become the next manager of England was ignored by the Football Association (FA) when they chose Roy Hodgson instead, did achieve Levys goal of a top four Premier League finish last season. But while that would normally have been good enough for Champions League football next season it wasnt this time because London rivals Chelsea

June 18 - 24, 2012

Tottenham sack Redknapp

LONDON The English Premier League confirmed its position as one of world sports most popular tournaments by announcing a new television broadcast deal worth more than 1 billion (US$1.55 billion) more than the existing agreement. EPL chief executive Richard Scudamore said June 13 they had sold their live television broadcast rights to Sky, one of their existing satellite broadcasters, and BT, best known as a telecommunications company, for a total of 3.018 billion. Sky have bought five of the seven available packages for the seasons 2013-14 to 2015-16, totalling 116 matches per year. BT have acquired the rights for 32 matches that season but their package includes 18 of the 38 first-choice picks. It all means the Premier League have secured an impressive 1.254 billion increase on the current deal, which is shared between Sky and ESPN. Scudamore said the thrilling climax to last season, when Manchester City won the title in injury time on the final day, contributed to the increase. We have just come off the back of a fantastic season and it has been good for us, Scudamore said. We went to the market at the right time. It was a very competitive process which if you are selling is a very good thing. Andrea Radrizzani, the chief executive of MP and Silva, who negotiate global sports rights for a variety of competitions, including Spanish footballs elite La Liga, said the surprising rise in Premier League rights was another indication of its global appeal. The surprisingly high rise in the value of the Premier Leagues new broadcast deal in the UK is a further demonstration of the ever increasing popularity of the competition, Radrizzani said in a statement. Todays announcement reinforces that an increasing number of fans are consuming sport through digital media, suggesting that BT will be one of a great many new entrants into sports broadcasting in the coming year. Clubs such as Manchester United have a global following as do players such as Chelseas Didier Drogba. And Radrizzani added: Given millions of football fans in Asia stay up through the night to ensure they never miss their favourite English club or Premier League player, it is clear the attraction of the Premier League is truly global and is only going to get more popular. AFP

Harry Redknapp was sacked as manager of Tottenham Hotspur on June 14 after nearly four years in charge of the Premier League club. Pic: AFP won this terms edition and thereby qualified as European champions. Tottenham were third and 10 points clear of north London rivals Arsenal when Capello resigned in protest at the FAs decision to strip John Terry of the England captaincy. Had they stayed third, rather than been overtaken by Arsenal, Spurs would have qualified for the Champions League regardless of Chelseas triumph. Indeed, at the turn of the year, Spurs were being spoken of as potential title challengers. But a run of one victory in nine matches a sequence understood to have caused Levy great concern contributed to them slipping to fourth. Redknapp repeatedly denied the England speculation had had any effect on Tottenhams results. Prior to the speculation surrounding the England job, Redknapp also had to deal with the stress of facing a tax trial relating to his time as Portsmouth manager. He was cleared by a jury of all charges. Redknapp had become increasingly vocal in recent days in calling for a new Tottenham contract, saying without it Spurs risked losing star players such as Gareth Bale and Luka Modric. Its not a case of me looking for security, Redknapp told ESPN Soccernet. What its about is players knowing youve only got one year left on your contract and knowing that it doesnt work, basically. You dont let players run into the last year of their contract if you think theyre any good, and you dont let managers run into the last year of their contract if you think theyre any good. Its up to Tottenham. If they think Im okay and Ive done a decent job and deserve an extension, theyll give it to me. If Daniel doesnt think Im worth it, thats up to him, thats up to the club. Theres nothing I can do about it. Redknapp joined Tottenham from Portsmouth, where hed just won the FA Cup, in 2008 with Spurs, who had been managed previously by Juande Ramos, rock bottom of the Premier League. He subsequently led them to the quarter-finals of the Champions League and two top four finishes in the Premier League. Everton manager David Moyes, linked with the Tottenham job when Redknapp was being touted for the England post, remains the bookmakers favourite now there is a vacancy. AFP