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on commercial water use." Setting up an Ecological Tax Reform Commission to examine all existing taxes and possible new eco-taxes. They would consider levies on resources such as minerals mined, commercial fish caught, and various forms of pollution and waste. 2- Institute a biosecurity services levy on all freight, passengers and vessels arriving in New Zealand 3- Support moves to include the full costs of climate change and other environmental problems in international transport costs (e.g. bunkerage fuel taxes). 4- End the tax exemption on diesel, so diesel users pay their fair share of social and environmental costs. 5- Fuel efficiency standards for all motor vehicles entering New Zealand. 6- Make emissions testing part of warrant of fitness inspections. Comprehensive emission standards for all ages and classes of vehicle, including older vehicles, and gradually increase these standards over time 7- Introduce National Environmental Standards for water discharges from roads, noise from transport, and investigate the need for such standards for discharges to air by aeroplanes near inhabited areas. 8- Requiring New Zealand Transport Agency to pay rail 'equalisation' payments while there is undercharging for roads Funding maintenance of the core rail network, as well as the state highway network, through New Zealand Transport Agency. Adjusting Road User Charges to reflect the results of the Surface Costs and Charging Study. 9- Investigate proposals for a concessionary 'tonnage tax' and/or a container tax as discussed by the multi-party Shipping Review as a means of developing the coastal shipping industry. 10- Work actively for an international agreement to ensure international journeys face the full costs of their CO2 emissions. 11- Limit the supply and availability of parking in metropolitan CBDs. 12- Equalise travel reimbursement for government employees so that it reflects the most efficient mode in a given situation, regardless of travel mode or size of vehicle. (The public sector unions will love this one). 13- Prohibit the importation of vehicles older than 7 years unless they can meet strict emissions standards. 14- Bring transport fuels into the Emissions Trading Scheme 15- Review the road user charges system to ensure that compliance is dramatically improved and diesel vehicles pay their fair share, and investigate whether it should be extended to other vehicles over time. 16- Empower regional and local councils to finance transport spending through charges on parking, as an alternative to rates. 17- Charges on petrol and diesel to address the effects of transport on the local environment, such as air and water quality.
18- Trialling the introduction of congestion charging, and polluter-pays charges for motor vehicles. 19- Investigate the merits of a compulsory third party insurance scheme funded by a levy on liquid fuels. 20- Higher freight costs. Opposing increases in maximum truckloads and truck lengths. 21- Introducing a carbon charge on fossil fuels. 22- Phase out fossil fuels, starting with coal which is the worst. OTHER PROPOSED GREEN TAXES & CHARGES 23- Comprehensive Capital Gains Tax 24- Income Tax Increases above $42, 501, 33% for $42,501 to $80,000, and 39% from $80,001; 25- Introduce a temporary earthquake levy of 1.5% applied to an individual's income between $48,001-$70000 and a levy of 3.0% applied to an individual's taxable income greater than $70,001 26- Mandatory product insurance for all imported manufactured goods 27- Place the liability for any increased emissions from the dairying and deer farming sectors with the large processing companies rather than with individual farmers. 28- A tax on international currency movements 29- Higher prices for imported goods. Require full labelling for traded goods, with regard to both contents and Country of Origin. 1. Restrict or prohibit the importation of goods and services that do not meet quality and environmental certification standards in production, lifecycle analysis, and ecolabelling. 2. Develop and set quality and sustainability standards for goods and services (e.g. energy and recycling standards), which are produced and/or sold in Aotearoa/New Zealand, and require all goods to meet those standards. 30- Support the option of using an across-the-board tariff to address balance of payments problems. 31- More expensive appliances. Introduce mandatory energy efficiency standards for a wider range of appliances and machinery, and progressively raise these standards as technologies develop; 32- More red tape/costs on housing. Update the Building Code for new houses to: Include energy performance standards that truly reflect likely future costs of energy, and regional climate differences. 33- Require agriculture to take responsibility for its nitrous oxide emissions 34- Selectively impose a carbon tax or other suitable instrument on energy intensive imports from countries whose industries do not face the price of carbon, in a manner consistent with that proposed by the EU.
35- International tourist levies. 36- Set a timetable for instituting Extended Producer Responsibility for products, to include a deposit charge on non-biodegradable products such as beverage containers, electronic waste, tyres and oil. 37- Set a levy on hazardous substances in proportion to their toxicity and persistence 38- An investigation into the best way to tax the flow of materials and energy, including consideration of taxes on packaging, solid waste and energy consumption. Ensuring all technologies are designed with repairable, reusable and/or recyclable parts and casings; 39- Requiring user charges to reflect the full social & environmental, as well as economic and capital costs of maintaining landfills; 40- Compliance costs for forestry. Within five years, requiring all wood products from indigenous forests (both domestic and imported) on the domestic market to be independently certified by a credible third party as being sourced from sustainably managed and harvested forests. 40- New taxes on fishing companies. Propose a return to resource rentals, as existed until 1992, because New Zealanders currently get no return from companies deriving profits by fishing public resources 41- New water charges. Allow councils to adopt a progressive charging system for water when deemed necessary. In such a system the first unit, which provides for commencement and continuation of water supply and reasonable personal consumption, will be funded from rating revenue and free of direct user charges, while additional units may incur progressively higher direct charges 42- New costs on building. Amend the building code to require installation of technical water saving measures in new houses; 43- New broadcasting taxes. Whereas broadcasters must currently pay a minimal fee, per year for the right to broadcast, they would be required to pay a higher annual sum, in the form of a “leasehold” payment for use of publicly-owned radio frequency spectrum 44- Resurrect taxes on donations. Have a limit on tax-deductible donations to registered charities, initially to be set at $20,000 and reviewed after one year and then triennially. 45- A levy on gaming turnover that must be paid to problem gambling support services run independently of the gambling industry. 46- New taxes on housing. Require financial contributions from large developments to help build affordable housing for low income households where their needs are not being met. 47- New taxes on the cost of building. Develop a sustainable building strategy, which sets standards for use of building materials. 48- Higher taxes on alcohol. Support continued use of pricing mechanisms, including taxes, duties and levies, to discourage the use of tobacco and alcohol. 49- New taxes on soft drinks. Support a levy on products which are detrimental to dental health such as soft drinks. 50- New compliance costs for employers. Extending nutrition and ingredient information labelling to fast food, take-away and delicatessen food. 51- Increased power transmission costs. No new unshielded high voltage power lines or towers to be built within 300 metres of any residential homes and schools.
52- Reform Paid Parental Leave - Fund the scheme jointly by government contribution and an employer levy based on payroll. 53- New compliance cost for employers. Support at least one additional 'Mondayised' statutory holiday to fall between Queen's Birthday observance and Labour Day. 54- New cost on business. Make the minimum wage the same for all workers, including youth and employed trainees.
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