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Simplify: 527 x 527 x 527 + 183 x 183 x 183 527 x 527 527 x 183 + 183 x 183 Solution: (527) (527)

2 3

(183)

=

2 2

b

2

=a+b

a - ab + b

2.

2 2 2

- (a ab

b)

= 4ab ab

3. 4.

Find the value of 896 x 896 204 x 204 Evaluate (57) + (43) + 2 x 57 x 43 Solution:

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

(a

+

2

+2ab)

(a

+ b)

= (57

43)

=100

= 10000

5. 6.

Simplify: (81) + (68) - 2 x 81 x 68 What is the divisor if dividend is 15968, quotient is 89 and remainder is 37? Solution: Divisor = Dividend - Remainder Quotient = 15968 89 37 = 179

7.

What least number must be subtracted from 2000 to get a number exactly divisible by 17? Solution: on dividing 2000 by 17, we get 11 as remainder. Thus required number to be subtracted is 11

8.

What least number must be added to 3000 to obtain a number exactly divisible by 19? Solution: on dividing 3000 by 19, we get 17 as remainder. Thus number to be added is (19 17) = 2

9.

Find the number, which is nearest to 3105 and exactly divisible by 21? Solution: on dividing 3105 by 21, we get 18 as remainder. Thus number to be added to 3105 is (21 18) = 3. Thus 3108 is the required number. HCF of two numbers is 11 and their LCM is 693. If one of the number is 77, find the other.

10.

Solution: the other number = 11 x 693 = 99 77 Two important rules: product of two numbers = (their HCF x their LCM) HCF of given number always divides their LCM Example: find LCM of 852 & 1491 = 213 LCM = Product of numbers = 852 x 1491 =5964 HCF 213

11.

Find the largest number that can exactly divide 513, 783, and 1107. Solution: Required number is = HCF of 513, 783, 1107 Thus HCF of the above is 27.

12.

Find the least number exactly divisible by 12,15,20, & 27? Solution: Required number is LCM of 12, 15, 20, 27 Answer is 540

13.

Find the least number which when divided by 6,7,8,9 & 12 leaves the same remainder 1 in each case Solution: Required number is = (LCM of 6, 7, 8, 9 & 12) + 1 Answer is 505

14.

The traffic lights at three different road crossings change after every 24 s, 72s and 120s respectively. If they all change simultaneously at 10: 54: 00 hours, then at what time they will change simultaneously. Solution: interval of change = LCM of (24, 72, 120) s = 360s The lights will change simultaneously after every 360 seconds, i.e 6 min.00 s Thus next simultaneous change will take place at 11:00:00 hours.

16.

The LCM of two numbers is 1680 and their GCD is 120. If one of the numbers is 504, the other number is.. (a) 240 (b) 560 (c) 400 (d) 320 (e) 500 LCM x HCF = product of number 1680 x 120 = 400 504 The greatest fraction among: 2, 3, 1, Solution:

17.

&

is

5 (c)

5 2 5

15 (d) 7 15 502

5 (e) 1 5 384

The sum of the squares of first ten natural numbers is (a) 281 (b) 385 (c) 402 (d) Solution: n (n + 1) (2n + 1) 6

(e)

19. 20.

10 (10 + 1) (2 x 10 + 1) = 385 6 Zero is counted as (a) Whole number (b) Prime number (c) Natural number

The lowest four-digit number, which is exactly divisible by 2,3,4,5,6, & 7, is (a) 1400 (b) 1300 (c) 1250 (d) 1260 (e) 1350 Short cut: 1260 is the only option divisible by 3 21. The least number, which on division by 35 leaves a remainder 25 and on division by 45 leaves the remainder 35 and on division by 55 leaves the remainder 45, is (a) 2515 (b) 3455 (c) 2875 (d) 2785 (e) none of these Solution: Difference between 35 25 = 45 35 = 55 45 = 10 LCM of 35, 45, 55 = 5 x 7 x 9 x 11 = 3465 Required number = 3465 10 = 3455 Short cut: 3455 is the only option from which when we subtract 35, we get 3420 which is divisible by 45 22. The sum of the two numbers is twice their difference. If their product is 27, the numbers are (a) 5,15 (b) 10,30 (c) 9,6 (d) 18,6 (e) 9,3 Solution: x + y = 2 (x y). Thus xy = 27 the only option c gives xy = 27 23. 3 + 3 + Solve: 3 1 3 + 1 3

24.

Find the unit digit in the product 254 x 361 x 159 x 18 (a) 1 (b) 6 (c) 4 (d) 8

(e) 3

Solution: unit digit of = (4 x 1 x 9 x 8) is 288. therefore, unit digit of the number = 8 25. A heap of coconuts is divided into groups of 2,3 & 5 and each time one coconut is left out. The least number of coconuts in the heap is (a) 31 (b) 41 (c) 51 (d) 61 (e) 71 Solution: 26. 27. LCM of 2, 3, 5 = 30 Thus number of coconuts = 30 + 1 = 31 (c) 3503 (d) 3088 (e) 3511

How many numbers between 200 & 600 are divisible by 4,5 & 6 (a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 (d) 8 (e) 4 Solution: every such number must be divisible by LCM of 4,5, & 6 i.e. 60 Such numbers are 240, 300, 360, 420, 480, and 540 (e) 3 (e) 1035

28. 29.

The units digit of the product (247 x 318 x 577 x 313) (a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 4 (d) 6 The sum of first 45 natural numbers.. (a) 2070 (b) 1053 (c) 1280 (d) 2140 Short cut: the only option ending with 5 is option e Solution:

n (n + 1) 2 What least value must be given to * so that the number 451*603 is exactly divisible by 9? (a) 2 (b) 7 (c) 8 (d) 5 (e) 3 What least value must be assigned to * so that the number 63576*2 is divisible by 8? (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 (e) 5 Which of the following is exactly divisible by 99? (a) 114345 (b) 135792 (c) 3572404 (d) 913464 Which is the largest five digit number divisible by 99? (a) 99999 (b) 99981 (c) 99909 (d) 99099 (e) 114546

33.

(e) 99990

Solution: to check the divisibility the option should be divisible by both 9 & 11 34. Which is the smallest six-digit number divisible by 111? (a) 111111 (b) 110011 (c) 100011 (d) 100001

(e) 100111

Solution: since it is divisible by 3 options should be divisible by 3 35. 36. 37. Evaluate: 1399 x 1399 (a) 1687401 (b) 1901541 (c) 1943211 (d) 1957201 (e) 1975201 (e) 251010

Find the value of 397 x 397 + 104 x 104 + 2 x 397 x 104 (a) 250001 (b) 251001 (c) 260101 (d) 261001

When n is divided by 4, the remainder is 3. what is the remainder when 2n is divided by 4? (a) 1 (b) 6 (c) 3 (d) 2 (e) 7 Solution: n=4xQ/3 2n = 2 x 4 x Q /6 When 2n is divided by 4, quotient =1 and remainder = 2

38.

Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 3,6,9,12,15 & 18 seconds, respectively. In 30 minutes, how many times do they toll together? (a) 4 (b) 10 (c) 11 (d) 15 (e) 12 Solution: LCM of 3,6,9,12,15,18 is 180 So, the bells will toll together after every 180 seconds. I.e. 3 minutes In 30 minutes, they will toll together in 30 + 1 = 11 times 3 Which of the following numbers are prime? (a) 165 (b) 247 (c) 571 the nearest value of root 165 is 13 i.e. 113 is > than root 165 So, we test the divisibility of 165 by each prime numbers less than 13. We find that 165 is divisible by 11 So 165 is not prime number

39.

Solution:

40.

Dividend = (Divisor x quotient) + remainder On dividing 16890 by a certain number, the quotient is 123 and the remainder is 39. Find the divisor. Solution: Divisor = (dividend remainder) = 16890 39 = 137 Quotient 123

41.

What least number must be subtracted from 6500 to get a number exactly divisible by 135? Solution: on dividing 6500 by 135, the remainder is 20 Hence, the number to be subtracted is 20

42.

What least number must be added to 5204 to get a number exactly divisible by 180?

Solution: 43.

on dividing 5204 by 180, the remainder is 164 Required number to be added = 180 164 = 16

Find the number, which is nearest to 6444 and exactly divisible by 42? Solution: on dividing 6444by 42, the remainder is 18, which is less than half of the divisor So required number = 6444 18 = 6426

44.

Find the number, which is nearest to 5028, which is exactly divisible by 64? Solution: on dividing 5028 by 64, we get 36 as remainder, which is greater than half of divisor So required number = 5028 + (64 36) = 5056

45.

Multiplication by short cut method Rule: place as many zeros to the right of the multiplicand as is the number of nines and from the number so formed, subtract the multiplicand to get an answer Multiply 567958 by 99999 Solution: 567958 x 99999 = (56795800000 567958) = 56795232042

46.

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