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7UT51 V3 Transformer Differential Relay

Acceptance Testing,
Commissioning and Maintenance Manual

Manual No. PRCM-1108A-0199

IMPORTANT
The information contained herein is general in nature and not intended for
specific application purposes. It does not relieve the user of responsibility
to use sound practices in application, installation, operation, and maintenance of the equipment purchased. Siemens reserves the right to make
changes at any time without notice or obligations. Should a conflict arise
between the general information contained in this publication and the contents of drawings or supplementary material, or both, the latter shall take
precedence.

QUALIFIED PERSON
For the purposes of this manual, a qualified person is one who is familiar
with the installation, construction, or operation of the equipment and the
hazards involved. In addition, this person has the following qualifications:
(a) is trained and authorized to de-energize, clear, ground, and tag circuits and equipment in accordance with established safety practices.
(b) is trained in the proper care and use of protective equipment such as
rubber gloves, hard hat, safety glasses or face shields, flash clothing,
etc., in accordance with established safety procedures.
(c) is trained in rendering first aid.

NOTE
These instructions do not purport to cover all details or variations in equipment, nor to provide for every possible contingency to be met in connection with installation, operation, or maintenance. Should further information
be desired or should particular problems arise which are not covered sufficiently for the purchasers purposes,
the matter should be referred to the local sales office.
The contents of the instruction manual shall not become part of or modify any prior or existing agreement,
commitment or relationship. The sales contract contains the entire obligation of Siemens. The warranty contained in the contract between parties is the sole warranty of Siemens. Any statements contained herein do not
create new warranties or modify the existing warranty.

7UT51 v3
Contents
Table of Figures ....................................................................................................................................................... 6
Table of Tables ......................................................................................................................................................... 7
Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................. 8
Definition of Terms .................................................................................................................................................. 8
Understanding the Siemens 7UT51 Numerical Protective Relay...................................................................... 10
Suggested Test Equipment................................................................................................................................... 13
Siemens 7UT51 Relay Pre-Energization Checklist ............................................................................................. 14
Setting and Programming the Siemens 7UT51 Relay ........................................................................................ 15
Front Panel ........................................................................................................................................................... 15
PC......................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Configuration Menu .......................................................................................................................................... 15
Marshalling Menu ............................................................................................................................................. 15
Settings Menu ................................................................................................................................................... 15
Additional Protective Functions ........................................................................................................................ 15
Important Notes about Transformers ................................................................................................................... 16
Regulated Transformer..................................................................................................................................... 16
FOA Transformers ............................................................................................................................................ 16
Accessing Data ...................................................................................................................................................... 17
Matching or Adaptation Factors ........................................................................................................................... 17
Operational Annunciations (Event Log) Address Block 5100 .............................................................................. 19
Network-Disturbance Annunciations (Fault Logs)................................................................................................ 19
Operational Measured Values.............................................................................................................................. 20
Waveform Data..................................................................................................................................................... 21
Acceptance Testing ............................................................................................................................................... 22
7UT51 Electrical Testing ...................................................................................................................................... 22
Acceptance Testing .......................................................................................................................................... 22
Installation Testing............................................................................................................................................ 22
Testing for In-Service Setting Changes............................................................................................................ 22
Evaluation Testing ............................................................................................................................................ 22
Automated Testing............................................................................................................................................ 22
Acceptance Test Equipment............................................................................................................................. 22
Important Notes about the Procedure .............................................................................................................. 23
Transformer Differential Protection ...................................................................................................................... 25
Test 1. Minimum Pickup of 87: Address 1603............................................................................................... 26
Remaining Tests of the Differential Protection ................................................................................................. 26
Test 2. Time Delay of 87 Tripping: Address 1625......................................................................................... 26
Test 3. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87: Address 1627 .................................................................................. 28
Test 4. Pickup of 87hs: Address 1604 .......................................................................................................... 29
Test 5. Time Delay of 87hs Trip: Address 1626............................................................................................ 30
Test 6. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87hs: Address 1627 .............................................................................. 32
Test 7. Second Harmonic Restraint Per-Phase: Address 1611.................................................................... 33
Test 8. Nth Harmonic Restraint Per-Phase: Addresses 1613 and 1614 ...................................................... 34
Test 9. Differential Current Stopping Nth Harmonic Restraint: Address 1616.............................................. 34
Test 10. Cross-Blocking, Nth Harmonic, Minimum Pickup: Address 1615 ..................................................... 34

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7UT51 v3
Test 11. Cross-Blocking, Second Harmonic, Minimum Pickup: Address 1612................................................ 35
Test 12. Cross-Blocking, Second Harmonic, Time Delay: Address 1612 ....................................................... 35
Test 13. Cross-Blocking, Nth Harmonic, Time Delay: Address 1615.............................................................. 36
Notes about Simulating Through-Faults and Testing the 87 Slopes ................................................................ 37
Three-Winding Transformers ............................................................................................................................... 46
Test 14. Through-Fault Security, Metering Validation ..................................................................................... 46
Notes about Slope 1, Slope 2, and Through-Fault Restraint Area. .................................................................. 47
Test 15. Slope 1 (Lower Slope): Address 1606............................................................................................... 48
Test 16. Slope 2 (Upper Slope): Addresses 1607 and 1608........................................................................... 48
Test 17. Minimum Current for Through-Fault Restraint Area: Address 1618................................................... 49
Comments about Through-Fault Restraint Area Slope and
Maximum Duration of Through-Fault CT-Saturation
Restraint: Address 1617.................................................................................................................... 50
Test 18. Status Control - Differential Elements: Discrete Inputs,
Address 1601 .................................................................................................................................... 51
Thermal Overload Protection ............................................................................................................................... 53
Notes about Testing 49-1 And 49-2.................................................................................................................. 53
Settings for Trip Relays, Signal Relays, and LEDs All 49 Tests ................................................................... 53
Test 19. Warning, Overload Current:
Address 2405 (49-1) and 2505 (49-2)............................................................................................... 54
Notes about 49 Trip Times and Alarm Times ................................................................................................... 54
Test 20. Warning, Temperature: Addresses 2404, 2403
and 2402 (49-1) ; Addresses 2504, 2503, and 2502 (49-2).............................................................. 55
Test 21. 49 Tripping: Addresses 2402 and 2403 (49-1),
2502 and 2503 (49-2)........................................................................................................................ 56
Test 22. Status Control of 49 Elements: Discrete Inputs or
Addresses 2401 and 2501 ................................................................................................................ 56
External Trip Functions ........................................................................................................................................ 58
Optional Programming for All External Trip Function Tests ............................................................................. 58
7UT51 Test Connections for All External Trip Function Tests ......................................................................... 58
Test 23. External Trips, Function Test and Trip-Time Delay:
Addresses 3002 (Trip 1) and 3102 (Trip 2)....................................................................................... 59
Test 24. Status Control of External Trips: Discrete Inputs,
Address 3001 (Trip 1) and Address 3101 (Trip 2) ............................................................................ 60
Test 25. Trip Dropout Time of External Trips:
Addresses 3003 (Trip 1) and 3103 (Trip 2)....................................................................................... 61
Test 26. Verification of Other Discrete Input Functions ................................................................................... 61
Time Overcurrent Backup Protection 50/51 And 50hs......................................................................................... 62
Notes about Testing Overcurrent Protection .................................................................................................... 62
Test 27. Pickup and Dropout of 50/51: Address 2112 or 2114 ....................................................................... 62
Test 28. Time Delay of 51 Tripping: Address 2115 ......................................................................................... 63
Test 29. Time Delay of 50 Tripping: Address 2113 ......................................................................................... 64
Test 30. Manual Close Controlling 50/51 Tripping Delay: Address 2121........................................................ 65
Test 31. Status Control of 50/51: Discrete Inputs or Address 2101 ................................................................ 66
Test 32. Trip Dropout after Reset of 50/51: Address 2118.............................................................................. 67
Notes about Testing 50hs................................................................................................................................. 68
Test 33. Pickup and Dropout of 50hs: Address 2103...................................................................................... 68
Test 34. Time Delay of 50hs Tripping: Address 2104 ..................................................................................... 69
Test 35. Manual Close Controlling 50hs Tripping Delay: Address 2121 ......................................................... 71
Test 36. Status Control of 50hs: Discrete Inputs or Address 2101 ................................................................. 71
Test 37. Trip Dropout after Reset of 50hs: Address 2118............................................................................... 72
Tank Leakage Protection ..................................................................................................................................... 73
Notes about Testing Tank Leakage Protection ................................................................................................ 73
Test 38. Pickup and Dropout of Tank Leakage Protection:
Address 2703 or 2704, and Address 2709 ....................................................................................... 73
Test 39. Time Delay of Tank Leakage Protection Tripping: Address 2725...................................................... 74

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7UT51 v3
Test 40. Status Control of 64t: Discrete Inputs or Address 2701 .................................................................... 75
Test 41. Trip Dropout after Reset of 64t: Address 2727.................................................................................. 76
Restricted Ground-Fault Protection...................................................................................................................... 77
Notes about Testing 87n................................................................................................................................... 77
Test 42. Pickup and Dropout of 87n: Address 1903......................................................................................... 77
Test 43. Time Delay of 87n Tripping: Address 1925 ........................................................................................ 78
Test 44. Status Control of 87n: Discrete Inputs or Address 1901 ................................................................... 79
Test 45 Trip Dropout After Reset of 87n: Address 1927 ................................................................................. 79
Test 46. Second Harmonic Restraint of 87n: Addresses 1910 and 1911 ....................................................... 80
Test 47. Differential Current Stopping 2nd Harmonic
Restraint of 87n: Addresses 1910 and 1912..................................................................................... 81
Notes about Testing the Extended Tripping
Area of 87n - Critical Angle for Restraint .......................................................................................... 82
Test 48. 87n Security for External Faults and Critical Angle for
Restraint: Address 1904.................................................................................................................... 84
Setting Verification after Electrical Testing........................................................................................................... 86
Control Wire, CT, and Relay Installation ............................................................................................................. 87
Primary Equipment Check.................................................................................................................................... 87
Electrical Drawings Wire Check ........................................................................................................................... 87
CT Installation....................................................................................................................................................... 87
Interposing Transformers ..................................................................................................................................... 87
Relay Installation .................................................................................................................................................. 87
Commissioning Tests............................................................................................................................................ 89
Physical Inspection............................................................................................................................................... 89
Installation Test Procedures................................................................................................................................. 89
Operational Checks.............................................................................................................................................. 89
Energizing the Transformer.................................................................................................................................. 90
In-Service Readings ............................................................................................................................................. 90
Operational Measured Values.............................................................................................................................. 90
Measured Test Currents....................................................................................................................................... 90
Waveform Capture during Test Fault Record Address 4900 ............................................................................ 90
Installation of 7UT51 Relay in Existing Circuit ..................................................................................................... 91
Output Connections.............................................................................................................................................. 91
Putting the Relay into Operation .......................................................................................................................... 92
Routine Testing of System.................................................................................................................................... 93
Relay Integrity....................................................................................................................................................... 93
Operational Measured Values.............................................................................................................................. 93
Input Integrity........................................................................................................................................................ 93
Output Integrity ..................................................................................................................................................... 93
Validate Metering.................................................................................................................................................. 93
Measured Test Currents....................................................................................................................................... 93
Waveform ............................................................................................................................................................. 94
Putting the Relay into Operation .......................................................................................................................... 94
Fault Data and Analysis Tools.............................................................................................................................. 95
Front Panel Alarms............................................................................................................................................... 95
Fault Analysis Data............................................................................................................................................... 95
PC......................................................................................................................................................................... 95
Saving/Archiving Fault Data ................................................................................................................................. 96
Resetting/Clearing Buffers and Targets ............................................................................................................... 96
Address Index ........................................................................................................................................................ 97

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7UT51 v3
Table of Figures
Figure 1: Control of a Protection Function ............................................................................................................ 10
Figure 2: Discrete Signal Inputs ............................................................................................................................ 11
Figure 3: Signal Contacts ...................................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 4: Trip Contacts.......................................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 5: LED Targets ........................................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 6: Example Configuration Menu................................................................................................................. 16
Figure 7: Matching/Adaptation Factor Relay Front Display................................................................................... 17
Figure 8: Measured Current Tests ........................................................................................................................ 19
Figure 9: Operational Annunciations and Fault Log.............................................................................................. 19
Figure 10: Waveform Capture Example.................................................................................................................. 21
Figure 11: Test 1 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 26
Figure 12: Test 2 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 27
Figure 13: Test 3 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 28
Figure 14: Connection Diagram .............................................................................................................................. 29
Figure 15: Test 5 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 30
Figure 16: Test 6 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 32
Figure 17: Test 7 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 33
Figure 18: Test 10 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 34
Figure 19: Test 12 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 35
Figure 20: Dy1 Transformer, ................................................................................................................................... 38
Figure 21: Test Connections for Dy1 Transformer with a-Phase-Ground Through-Fault...................................... 39
Figure 22: Test Connections for Yd11 transformer with a-Phase-Ground Through-Fault, Io-Elimination .............. 42
Figure 23: Yd11 Transformer a-Phase-Ground Fault .............................................................................................. 44
Figure 24: Test Connect for a Yd11 Transformer, with
an a-Phase-Ground Through-Fault, Io-Correction................................................................................. 45
Figure 25: Differential Characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 47
Figure 26: Test Connections for Testing 49-1 and 49-2.......................................................................................... 53
Figure 27: Tests 23-25 Connection Diagram .......................................................................................................... 58
Figure 28: Test 27 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 62
Figure 29: Test 28 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 63
Figure 30: Test 29 Connections Diagram ............................................................................................................... 64
Figure 31: Test 32 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 67
Figure 32: Test 33 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 68
Figure 33: Test 34 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 69
Figure 34: Test 37 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 72
Figure 35: Test 38 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 73
Figure 36: Test 39 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 74
Figure 37: Test 41 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 76
Figure 38: Test 42 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 77
Figure 39: Test 46 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 80
Figure 40: Test 47 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 81
Figure 41: Test 48 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 84
Figure 42: Two-Winding, Delta-Wye Transformer................................................................................................... 88
Figure 43: Three Winding, Delta-Wye-Delta Transformer ....................................................................................... 88
Figure 44: WinDIGSI Metering Data Screen........................................................................................................... 90
Figure 45: Waveform Capture of Normal Line Current ........................................................................................... 91
Figure 46: Example of Fault Data............................................................................................................................ 95

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7UT51 v3
Table of Tables
Table 1:
Table 2:
Table 3:
Table 4:
Table 5:
Table 6:
Table 7:

Measured Values..................................................................................................................................... 20
Currents Limitations................................................................................................................................. 23
Default Settings for Some of the Signal Relays:...................................................................................... 24
Default Settings for Some of the LEDs:................................................................................................... 25
Default Settings for the LCD after a Fault................................................................................................ 25
Correction Factor for 87-Itrip(Wx)............................................................................................................ 25
Source 1 Current- Connections, Delta-Grounded
Wye Transformers (Dyz).......................................................................................................................... 39
Table 8: Equations of Winding 2 Currents for IREST and IDIFF,
and Relationship of Restraint Currents for Phase-Ground, Through-Faults. .......................................... 40
Table 9: Source 2 Current- Connections, Delta-Grounded Wye Transformers (Ydz)........................................... 42
Table 10: Equations of Winding 2 Currents for IREST and IDIFF, and
Relationship of Restraint Currents for Phase-Ground, Through-Faults. ................................................. 43
Table 11: Maximum for 87N Tripping with
3I0* = 3I0** = [2 X Address 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF] and
k-Values for Address 1904 ..................................................................................................................... 84
Table 12: Maximum for 87N Tripping with
3I0* = 3I0** = [3 X Address 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF] and
k-Values for Address 1904 ..................................................................................................................... 84

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Introduction
This manual is to be used in conjunction with the
Siemens 7UT51 v3 Protective Relay Instruction
Manual. Prior to working with this relay, it is
recommended that the instruction manual be read
and understood. The relay has many powerful
features that should be understood before any
settings are applied, tests performed, or installation
made.
This handbook describes manual acceptance
testing, installation, commissioning, and
maintenance of a Siemens 7UT513 V3 Protective

Definition of Terms
Adaptation Factor See Matching Factors
CT Current Transformer
CTR Current Transformer Turns Ratio

Relay in a transformer differential scheme. The


procedures take into account that the protection
settings may vary, but assumes that the relays
contact inputs, contact outputs, and LEDs are
configured with their default values (unless stated
otherwise). It is recommended that the actual
settings be applied to the relay prior to installation
testing. Actual test values for a specific application
must be calculated from the applications data. See
the Siemens 7UT51 Instruction Manual for default
settings of each function.

Matching Factors Based on the transformer setting


information entered into Address Block 1100, the
relay will match the currents to be process by the
relay. The relay matches these currents
mathematically for any chosen vector group (see
Vector Group Chart in the Siemens 7UT51
Instruction Manual) using the equation:
[I*] = k x [K] x [I]

Cross-Block Harmonic blocking across phases

where:

Discrete Input Binary Input

[I] = matrix of measured currents IA, IB, IC


[I*] = matrix of matched currents IA*, IB*, IC*
k = current matching scalar factor (see note below):

Enabled/Disabled (on relay LCD) or


Nonexistent/Existent (in WinDIGSI and the
Siemens 7UT51 Instruction Manual)The available protective and additional functions can
be programmed Enabled/Existent or Disabled/
Nonexistent. Functions which are configured
Disabled will not be processed. There will be no
annunciations and the associated setting parameter
will not be requested during setting.
Password
 A password is required to change any settings,
or to run any test routines.
 A password is not required to view annunciation
logs, measured values, or settings.
 The password is six zeroes: 000000.
In or IN Nominal rated current of the monitored
winding or side of the transformer.
INsecWx Rated secondary current of winding x.
IObjsec Rated secondary current of the virtual object.
IxLy Winding x, Phase y.
Marshalling A special-use term that refers to the
programming assignment of a set of logical functions
to various physical I/O devices.

kCT1 = current processed by 7UT51


current through the relay terminals

[K] = current matching coefficient matrix (See Vector


Group Chart in the Siemens 7UT51 Instruction
Manual.)
Note: The k matching factors are calculated by the
relay from the entered rated data and can be
read out in the operational annunciation in
Address Block 5100.
Megger A high-range ohmmeter having a built-in,
hand-driven generator as a direct voltage source,
used for measuring insulation resistance values and
other high resistances. Also used for continuity,
ground, and short circuit testing in general electrical
power work.
NV-RAM Non-volatile random access memory.
Parameterizing Setting up/programming the
parameters of the relay.
RGF Restricted ground fault protection.

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7UT51 v3
Star-point The common point or the non-polarity
connection of a Y connected transformer.
SWITCH-OFF The switch-off of a function means
that the protective function has been established as
Enabled; however, the function is turned Off.

requisition with a PC through the relays


communication port. At the computer, the data can
be easily read on the screen, changed, saved to
disk, or printed.
WinDIGRA A full-function digital oscillographic
analysis (Windows-based) software that will allow
the user to view captured waveforms.

VA Rated Apparent Power


Vn/VN Rated phase to phase voltage or if the
transformer is a LTC,
Vn = (2 X Vmax X Vmin) / (Vmax + Vmin)

Vector Group Integer n that represents the phase


shift from the first winding to the second winding of a
power transformer, n x 30. See the Siemens
7UT51 Instruction Manual for list of vector groups.

Winding In this document it will refer to the side of


the transformer or tertiary. Winding 1 is defined as
the reference winding. The reference winding is
normally that of the higher voltage; however, if a CT
is installed in the ground lead of a grounded wye
connected transformer, that winding must be used
as the reference winding in order to ensure
increased ground fault sensitivity by correction of
the zero sequence current.

WinDIGSI Windows-based, Siemens software that


will enable the user to perform all settings and data

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Understanding the Siemens 7UT51
Numerical Protective Relay
The following diagrams are intended to further
enhance the understanding of the Siemens 7UT51
by giving a visual representation of the relay
functions. It is also important to understand these

ENABLED /
DISABLED

Protection
Function

On
Off

protective functions and how the relay must be


programmed to properly operate with the connected
system.

PC
Display

SCAD

B11
B13

t
B12
t

Block
Control of a Protection Function
The protective function must first be set as Enabled.
Once made Enabled, the protective function can be turned Off
or On via the relay front panel, remote interface, PC, or discrete
input.
If the protective function is Enabled and On, the trip function
can be blocked; however the relay will still function normally and
record events accordingly.

Figure 1: Control of a Protection Function

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7UT51 v3

Signal

Circuit

Go LO to HI
when rise above
19V
INPUT
Go LO to HI when
rise above 65V

Internal
Event(s)

Event 1

Event 2
:
:
Event 10

Discrete-Signal
Inputs
Each discrete-signal
input is actuated by
voltage in a signalcircuit. Each input
controls up to 20
events. Each event is
configured to occur
either when the
discrete input is
actuated (HI), or
when it ceases to be
actuated (LO).

Figure 2: Discrete Signal Inputs

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7UT51 v3
Signal Contacts
This diagram illustrates
the functions of the
signal contacts. Each
signal contact is
controlled by up to 20
events and is used to
sound alarms for
operators or to signal
other protection
devices.

Event 1
Event 2
:
:

Event 20

Figure 3: Signal Contacts

Trip Contacts

Event 1
Event 2
:
:

Event 20

Each signal contact is


controlled by up to 20
events and is used to
trip circuit breakers.

Figure 4: Trip Contacts

LED Targets

Event 1
Event 2
:
:

Event 20

This diagram illustrates the


logical process of this
function. Each LED can be
controlled by up to 20
events. Each event can
either latch (memorized), or
not latch (not memorized)
an LED. Latched LEDs can
be reset using a key on the
front panel, a discrete-signal
input, or an attached PC
running WinDIGSI.

Figure 5: LED Targets

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7UT51 v3
Suggested Test Equipment
The following equipment is suggested to perform the
acceptance and commissioning tests for the
transformer differential scheme. Further detail on the
equipment specifications required for acceptance
testing is given in the Acceptance Testing section of
this document.

One push-button (or other mechanical) switch to


apply voltage to contact inputs during testing of
related functions.

One control power source DC and AC.

One phase angle meter.

One megger up to 500V.

Two accurate variable single-phase current


sources, one of which can output 300Hz current.

One sensor for detecting closure of output


contacts, for example an ohmmeter, a bulb with a
power supply, or buzzer with a power supply.
One timer that is started by the test set output and
stopped by the relay output contact.
One high impedance low range volt/ohm meter.
Two ammeters.
Load box.
One 1:2 isolation power transformer may be
required for testing of the control circuitry.
Telephone set for talking circuits with remote
terminations may be required for testing of the
control circuitry.

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7UT51 v3
Siemens 7UT51 Relay Pre-Energization
Checklist

Hazardous voltage or current.

Fit a DC ammeter in series with the auxiliary


power circuit using a range of 1.5 to 3 amperes.

Close the DC supply circuit breaker; check


polarity and magnitude of voltage at the
terminals of the unit or at the connector module.

Steady-state current consumption should be


insignificant. Any initial transient current is due
to charging of the storage capacitors.

Slide the switch on the front panel to the On


position. On completion of the startup/ warmup
period, the green LED on the front comes on in
0.5 seconds and the red LED goes off after 5
seconds.

Can cause death, serious personal


injury, or property damage.
Only qualified personnel should test or
commission a really. Read and
understand this manual, the Siemens
7UT51 v3 Protective Relay Instruction
Manual, and the manuals for any test
equipment before proceeding.
Before performing work on current
transformer wiring, always short circuit the
secondary of all the current transformers.

Open the DC power supply circuit breaker.

To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that


output contacts do not break currents
greater than their ratings.

Remove DC ammeter; reconnect the auxiliary


voltage leads.

To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that


any control power or test value applied to
the relay does not exceed the
corresponding inputs limit.

Check the direction of phase rotation at the relay


terminals (clockwise).

Ensure that trip circuits are disconnected from


the relay trip contacts and are left opencircuited. Also, disconnect from external
breaker failure devices any of the relay outputs
that are being tested.

Ensure that the current circuits are disconnected


from the relay current inputs and are shortcircuited.

Ensure that contact inputs to be tested are


disconnected from all circuits.

Before energizing the relay, it must be installed


for at least two hours to ensure temperature
equalization and to avoid condensation.

Switch off the DC supply and the potential


transformer circuit.

Verify that the miniature slide switch on the front


panel is in the Off position.

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Setting and Programming the Siemens 7UT51 Relay
Have the Relay Setting Sheets (included in the
Siemens 7UT51 Relay Instruction Manual)
completely filled out with the required settings.
If the meaning of the required parameter is not clear,
it is usually best to leave it at the factory setting.
Front Panel
(See Relay Front Panel View in the Siemens 7UT51
Instruction Manual.)
If the parameter address is known, then direct
addressing is possible on the front panel of relay.
This is achieved by depressing the Direct Access
key, followed by the four-digit address, and then
pressing the Enter key.
If the parameter address is not known, paging by
means of the arrow keys on the front panel of the
relay is possible.
To change the content of a memory address, the
address must be selected and the relay must be
placed in Password mode.

PC
The programming of the relay with a PC and
WinDIGSI software is straight forward since it is
Windows based; however, consult the Siemens
WinDIGSI Users Manual for detailed instructions if
necessary.
When using the PC to set the parameters, it is best
to enter the data as you scroll through the screens
rather than programming for particular functions.
The following parameters must be entered to enable
the relay to respond accurately (with the desired
alarms, measurements, and event information) in an
87-transformer differential scheme:
Configuration Menu
(See Figure 6)
7100
7200
7400
7800

Local User Interface


Configuration of Comm Port
Waveform Capture
Device Options

Marshalling Menu
The relay will remain in password mode until you
save the settings.
Note: You may be required to save a setting
change before the relay will allow you to
program parameters related to that setting.
This will also required a re-entry of the
password.
If you are changing a selection from a list, press No
until the option you want is displayed, then press
Yes.
If you are changing an entered value, after entering
the appropriate address, enter the new value, then
press the Enter key.
The setting procedure can be ended at any time by
the key combination of F and Enter.

6100
6200
6300
6400

Configuration of Discrete Inputs


Configuration of Signal Relays
Configuration of LED Indicators
Configuration of Trip Contacts

Settings Menu
1100
1400
1600
2900

Transformer Data (see Important Notes


below)
Data Associated with a User-Defined
Machine
87Transformer Diff Protection Data
Measured Value Supervision

Additional Protective Functions


The following address blocks must be entered to set
up other available or optional protective functions:

Restricted Ground-Fault Protection


Address Block 1900 for 87N
The relay must first be Enabled in the Device
Options menu, Address 7819 Restricted GroundFault Protection. Settings can then be made for this
protective function in the Settings menu, Address
Block 1900.

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7UT51 v3
Transformer Tank Protection
Address Block 2700
The relay must first be Enabled in Device Options
menu, Address 7827 Transformer Tank Protection.
Settings can then be made for this protective
function in the Settings menu, Address Block 2700.
External Trip Functions
Address Block 3000 and 3100
The relay must first be Enabled in Device Options
menu, Address 7830 and 7831 State of External Trip
Functions. Settings can then be made for this
protective function in the Settings menu, Address
Block 3000 and 3100.
Important Notes about Transformers
Regulated Transformer
If a transformer winding is regulated, then the actual
rated voltage of the winding is not used as Vn. The
average current of the regulated range should be
used.
Figure 6: Example Configuration Menu

Vn=2 x (Vmax x Vmin)


(Vmax + Vmin)

Backup Overcurrent Time Function


Address Block 2100 For 50/51

FOA Transformers

The relay must first be Enabled in the Device


Options menu, Address 7821 Backup Overcurrent
Protection. Settings can then be made for this
protective function in the Settings menu, Address
Block 2100.

If the transformer is rated as FOA, it is


recommended that the minimum MVA rating be used
for VA (the Rated Apparent Power); however, there
is a possibility that the relay will be picked up all the
time when the transformer is at or near full-load FOA
rating.

Thermal Overload Protection 1 and 2


Address Blocks 2400 and 2500
The relay must first be Enabled in Device Options
menu, Address 7824 and 7825 Thermal Overload
Protection. Settings can then be made for this
protective function in the Settings menu, Address
Block 2400 and 2500.

16

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Accessing Data
The Siemens 7UT51 relay is microprocessor
controlled, it can monitor, record, and store input
and output data. This data is available through the
LEDs and LCD display on the relay and can also be
accessed via a PC with WinDIGSI software or a
SCADA system. Using the WinDIGSI software, the
currents can be monitored, event logs can be read,
tested performed, and the oscillograms can be
viewed for fault analysis.

Relay Front Display


Address Block 7100 contains addresses that specify
the appearance and content of the LCD display on
the front panel of the relay and the type of event that
will update the LCD display and LED states.
Address 7105 and 7106 control lines 1 and 2 of the
LCD during normal operation. Address 7107 and
7108 control line 1 and 2 of the LCD after a network
disturbance.

Matching or Adaptation Factors

Address 7110 determines the type of event that will


update the LCD information and LED states.

To check that the matching factors for the rated


currents of the protected object are correct:

Measured Current Tests


Address Block 4100

From the front panel of the relay, these factors


are available in Address 5100 and updated each
time the parameterizing process has been
terminated.

The relay measurement of all currents and phase


angles can be read through test Address Block
4100:

Using the WinDIGSI software, these values are


found in the Operational Annunciations listed as
Adaptation Factors (Figure 7).

Use the calculated factor in the following equation:


k CT Wx = Current processed by 7UT51
Current through the relay terminals

KsCTWx are the factors for inputs from the CT in


the ground of a star-point connection (common point
of a wye transformer).

4101 Line Currents


4121 Line Phase Angle Relations
4141 Star Point Phase Angles
4161 Differential and Stabilizing Currents

The test can be initiated directly from the relay panel


or via WinDIGSI. To initiate this test with WinDIGSI
go to the Test menu, choose Commissioning Test,
and then choose any of the four measurements
listed above. See Figure 8 for WinDIGSI screen
example.
After start, the relay first checks whether the
measurement can be carried out. If a protection
function has picked up before, the measurement is
rejected. When the measured quantities are too
small, a corresponding message **** is given.
Note: If an invalid or Current Too Small message
is given on one side or phase, further
currents can still be read.

Figure 7: Matching/Adaptation Factor

PRCM-1108A-0199

It is important to that the current, differential and


stabilizing values are referred to the rated current of
the transformer winding. See Figure 8 for DIGRA a
screen example.

17

7UT51 v3
Line Phase Angle Relations
(Figure 8)
The phase angle relations are displayed in Address
4121 after the test has been performed. Symbols
W1, W2, W3*, WA*, WB* for the winding of the
transformer on the relay LCD (such as I1, I2, I3 in
WinDIGSI). Symbols Ia, Ib, and Ic for the phase on
the relay LCD (PhA, PhB, and PhC in WinDIGSI).
The phase angle differences are displayed in 30
increments; small deviations up to 10 are
tolerated. When the measured angle is outside of
this tolerance range, the display shows inval. The
angle differences are defined for clockwise phase
rotation. The angle differences of the three currents
of side 1, 2, and 3 should be as follows:

W1Ib W1Ia = 240, W2Ib W2Ia = 240, W3Ib


W3Ia = 240
W1Ic W1Ia = 120, W2Ic W2Ia = 120, W3Ic
W3Ia = 120

The polarities of the through flowing currents are


defined to be equal, as when currents of equal
phase flow through the protected object, the angle
difference is 0, provided the connections are correct.
But the theoretical angle value depends on the
transformer and the vector connection group. The
measured angles must be equal for all three phases.
If not, individual phases will be interchanged.

Zero Sequence Test


(Figure 8)
Address 4141 checks the angle measurement of the
star-point to the line currents. Numerical values are
to be expected only for those current inputs which
are included in the test current path, for the
remaining currents, **** is displayed.
Note: If an additional current input is not assigned
to any side of the protected object
(Addresses 7806 and 7807), the associated
measured values will not appear.
Differential and Stabilizing Current Check
(Figure 8)
Address 4161 checks the differential and stabilizing
currents. Go to Address 4161 and read the
calculated values by scrolling through the display.
If checking line current or through-faults, the
differential value should be negligible against the
magnitude of the line currents. The stabilizing
(restraint) value should be approximately twice the
line or test current value. Important to note that the
differential and stabilizing values are referred to as
the rated current of the transformer winding.
If considerable differential currents occur, recheck
the following parameters:

The polarity of the current connections and the


parameterized polarity are taken into consideration
when the angles are displayed. Therefore, if all
three angles differ by 180 from the theoretical
value, the polarity of one complete CT set is wrong.
This can be corrected by checking and changing the
corresponding plant parameters:

Address 1105 for the primary winding of the


transformer

Address 1125 for the secondary winding of a


transformer

The connection group values of power transformers


are defined from the higher voltage side to the lower
voltage side. When measuring from the lower
voltage side: 360 minus the stated angle is valid.

18

Check Addresses 1102 to 1104, matching of


Transformer Winding 1
Check Addresses 1121 to 1124, matching of
transformer winding.

Restricted Ground-Fault Current Test


If the relay is equipped with the restricted ground
fault protection and this is to be used, a further zero
sequence current test must be carried out.
Address 4181 will test and display the
measurements for the restricted earth fault
protection.
Leaving Test Operation
Address Block 4800
When the relay is in test mode, the differential
protection and the restricted ground fault protection
are not effective, even when they are switched On.
If no activities are carried out within 60 minutes, the
relay automatically terminates the test operation. All
protection functions that are switched On are then
operational again. It is recommended that the Test

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
mode be definitely finished once the tests have been
completed.
Access Address 4800 Commission Test Stop.
Page to Address 4801 Test Stop?
Enter Yes key.

Operational Annunciations (Event Log) Address


Block 5100
The operational annunciations can store the last 50
operational events along with the time and date of
each annunciation. The data can be accessed via
the front panel or one of the data ports.
Network-Disturbance Annunciations (Fault Logs)
Address Blocks 5200, 5300, 5400
Each Fault Log records the first 80 events after a
pickup, each date and time stamped. The relay
holds 3 fault logs. If necessary, the oldest one is
overwritten when a new one opens; however, they
can be saved to a PC.

Figure 8: Measured Current Tests


Figure 9:
Fault Log

PRCM-1108A-0199

Operational Annunciations and

19

7UT51 v3
Operational Measured Values
Address Block 5700
Measured values are system data collected and
calculated by the relay. The relay can display
measured values on the front panel LCD, or export
them to a PC. The display of measured values is
updated every 1 to 5 seconds.
Address Block 5700 will display winding current as a
percentage of the rated current and winding current
in amps. See Figure 10 for a list of all operational
measured values.
Address Block 5900 will display Temperature rise of
each thermal overload function (49-1 and 49-2)
separately for each phase, or for all three phases
combined.

20

Table 1 : Measured Values


LCD
W1 Ia(%)
W1 Ib(%)
W1 Ic(%)

Address
5701
5702
5703

Description
Current in winding or side 1 for
phases A, B, and C as a
percentage of the rated
current.
Current in winding or side 2 for
phases A, B, and C as a
percentage of the rated
current.
Current in winding or side 2 for
phases A, B, and C as a
percentage of the rated
current.
Additional current inputs when
used and assigned as a
percentage of the rated
current. (7UT513 only)
Current in winding or side 1 for
phases A, B, and C in amps

W2 Ia(%)
W2 Ib(%)
W2 Ic(%)

5704
5705
5706

W3 Ia(%)
W3 Ib(%)
W3 Ic(%)

5707
5708
5709

IA(%)
IB(%)

5710
5711

W1 Ia
W1 Ib
W1 Ic
W2 Ia
W2 Ib
W2 Ic
W3 Ia
W3 Ib
W3 Ic
IA
IB

5721
5722
5723
5724
5725
5726
5727
5728
5729
5730
5731

1/trp
1/trpA
1/trpB
1/trpC
2/trp
2/trpA
2/trpB
2/trpC

5911
5912
5913
5914

Current in winding or side 3 for


phases A, B, and C in amps
(7UT513 only)
Additional current inputs when
used and assigned in amp or
milliamps.(7UT513)
Temperature rise of 49-1
protection function for all
phases, and separately for
phases A, B, and C.

5921
5922
5923
5924

Temperature rise of 49-2


protection function for all
phases, and separately for
phases A, B, and C.

Current in winding or side 2 for


phases A, B, and C in amps

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Waveform Data
The relay can simultaneously capture data for all
current inputs and up to four user-defined functions
that report the status of discrete-signal inputs. The
data must be downloaded to a PC for analysis and
storage.
The data storage parameters can be programmed in
Address Block 7400. Data storage can also be
initiated via a discrete input or by the operator via the
front panel of the relay or a PC. The configuration
parameters required for this function to operate are
as follows:

Address 7402 initiates the waveform capture


with pickup or trip.

Address 7410 determines the maximum length


of time for the waveform capture.

Address 7411 sets the pre-trigger time.

Address 7412 sets amount of captured


waveform after trigger.

Address 7431 Storage time for triggering via


discrete (binary) input.

Address 7432 Storage time for triggering via the


keyboard.

To access the waveform data using WinDIGSI and


DIGRA, choose the following menu items:
Fault
Fault record
Select fault instance

Options
Type of Graph
(Prim., Sec., or
Normalized)

DIGRA

Display
Analog Curves
From this point several choices are
given to display and analyze the data.

Manual starting of the record can be carried out in


Address Block 4900. The message will read: Fault
Rec. Start? Confirm with Yes key. The relay will
acknowledge successful completion of the test
recording.
Figure 10: Waveform Capture Example
To initiate manual starting of a fault via WinDIGSI:
Go to the Options menu.

Choose Device.

Choose Initiate Fault Record.

PRCM-1108A-0199

21

7UT51 v3
Acceptance Testing
7UT51 Electrical Testing
The purpose of this section is to provide a procedure
for acceptance testing and installation testing a
7UT51. The procedure is for manual testing,
although the document could be used as a
foundation for automated test plans. Simple
adaptations allow the procedure to also be used for
testing after an in-service setting change. The
procedure can be easily adapted for evaluation and
familiarization with a 7UT51.
For this document, acceptance testing is testing a
user performs to become satisfied that a 7UT51 is
functioning properly. Installation testing is done by a
user to verify that the 7UT51 will perform correctly
within a specific application. For many users,
acceptance testing and installation testing are the
same.
It is important to note that routine testing is covered
in another section.
The degree of testing needed for acceptance testing
and installation testing is dependent upon the users
philosophies. There is sufficient detail to guide the
user in adapting the procedure to the users
satisfaction.

operational-checking of the transformer protection to


simply checking the CT connections, 7UT51 input
connections, and wiring of the output contacts.
For a 7UT51 with multiple sets of protection settings
being used, fully test one set, and only the changes
in the remaining sets.
Testing for In-Service Setting Changes
Perform only the tests in the procedure that are
applicable to the change.
Evaluation Testing
While the procedure is specifically written for
acceptance and installation testing, the procedure
can easily be adapted to allow the user to perform
exhaustive evaluation tests. In the process, the user
will become very familiar with the 7UT51.
Perform all of the electrical tests, ignoring any
instructions to skip a particular test. Repeat each
test, trying different values for the setting being
checked. Test different programming of the inputs
and outputs.
Automated Testing
The procedure provides the groundwork for
automated test plans of a 7UT51. The user can
create the plans with the test equipment of choice.

Acceptance Testing

Acceptance Test Equipment

A 7UT51 has many protective elements and control


features that can be used in a variety of ways.
Testing all of the elements and control features, in
the many different ways they can be used, is not
recommended. Such testing would be very timeconsuming. Instead, the procedure should be used
with typical settings and control, or settings and
control that are likely to be used. Then only the
applicable tests need to be performed. Using the
default settings and control is a good alternative.

The procedure requires the following test equipment:


Power source matching the rating of the 7UT51
Two variable current sources with the following
capabilities:
Accuracy of +/- 2% or better over the entire
output range
One source that can provide 20 amps (if
7UT51 rated for 5 amps)
One source that can provide 120 Hz, 180
Hz, 240 Hz, and 300 Hz current
Both sources can be individually or
simultaneously turned On and Off.
A timer that can be started when either a current
source is turned On or Off, and stopped by
either the opening or closing of a dry contact.
The accuracy should be +/- 2% or better. A
timer built-in to a test-set with one (or both) of
the current sources is preferred.
An ohmmeter, or other sensor for detecting a
transition of a dry contact

Installation Testing
Perform only the tests required to check the settings
and control to be used in the specific field
application. Complete testing of the discrete inputs,
signal contacts, and trip contacts is recommended
using this procedure. This will reduce field

22

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3

An On/Off switch to apply DC voltage to discrete


inputs of the 7UT51.
Calculator with the capability of performing sine,
cosine, and natural log functions.

The following is not required, but highly


recommended:
A timer with +/- 2% accuracy or better, that can
be started by the opening or closing of a dry
contact, and stopped by the opening or closing
of a dry contact.
Computer with WinDIGSI software and cable.
Important Notes about the Procedure

1. Do not exceed the current limitations of the


7UT51.
The current limitations (rms) of the CT inputs
associated with the transformer winding and
neutral CTs are:
Table 2: Current Limitations
7UT51
Rated
Current
5 AMPS

Continuous
Current
Rating
I 20 AMPS

20AMPS < I 100


AMPS

1 AMP

I 4 AMPS

4 AMPS < I 20
AMPS

10-Second
Current Rating

The rated current is on the nameplate.


Be especially mindful of the current limitations
when testing the high-set differential element, the
upper slope of the differential characteristic, the
required restraint current to activate the throughfault-CT-saturation restraint, the high-set element
of the overcurrent backup protection, and the
thermal overload elements.
The current limitations for the CT input
associated with the highly sensitive tank leakage
protection, terminals [1D1-1D2] are:

Continuous Current Rating:


I 15 Amps
10 Second Current Rating:
15 Amps < I 100 Amps

PRCM-1108A-0199

2. Calculate the rated currents of transformer


windings and the virtual object.
The rated currents are needed throughout the
procedure. The rated currents should be
calculated and recorded before the procedure is
started. With INsecWx being the rated current of
Winding x (x = 1, 2, or 3) and IObjsec being the
rated current of the virtual object, both in CT
secondary terms:
INsecWx =
(Winding Rating in kVA)
(1.732)x (Winding kV-)x(Winding CTR)

The values to use for this equation are found in


Address Block 1100. Be aware that CT ratios
are not entered in this Address Block if the
CTs have a secondary rating of 5 amps. Instead,
the primary current ratings of the CTs, for the set
ratios, are entered in Addresses 1104, 1124, and
1144. For CTs with a rating of 5 amps, these
addresses must be divided by 5 amps to obtain
the ratios to use in the above equation.
IObjsec =
Address1401 x (CT Sec. Rating in amps)
Address 1402

The CT secondary rating is either 5 amps or 1


amp.

3. Test equipment accuracy.


Unless otherwise stated, +/- 2% accuracy is
assumed for the test equipment. This accuracy is
included in the values given in the Expected
Results part of the procedure.

4. Check titles for settings and events.


Event titles and setting options for the addresses
mentioned in the procedure are as they appear in
the WinDIGSI software, Version 3.22. The titles
can vary between the software and the front
panel of the 7UT51.

5. Verify actual programming of trip relays and


signal relays.
The Expected Results part of most tests in the
procedure has the operation of the trip relays,
signal relays, LEDs, and LCD that should occur for
the test, based on the default settings of these
outputs and targets. For each test, the user
should always verify the operation of the relays
and targets based on the settings for the particular
7UT51 being tested.

23

7UT51 v3
Verification of the programming of trip relays and
signals relays is especially important during
installation testing. The user may have to add
tests to the procedure to verify each output relay is
operating as intended.
The relay and target default settings of interest in
this procedure are given below. They apply for a
7UT513. The programming also applies to a
7UT512 except this protective system has trip
relays 1 and 2, signal relays 1-4, and LEDs 1-6.

Table 3:
Default Settings for Some of the
Signal Relays:
Address
6201

Signal
Relay
1

6202

6203

6206

Default settings for Trip Relay 1 through Trip


Relay 5 (addresses 6401 through 6405) are:
5691 87-Diff protection: Trip
5921 Transformer tank prot.: General Trip
5692 87HS-Diff protection: Trip
1571 49-TRIP by thermal O/L protection 1
2451 BU Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip
1621 49-TRIP by thermal O/L protection 2
5821 Restricted ground fault: General Trip

6. Be aware of control of protective elements by


discrete inputs.
The operational status of most of the protective
elements can be controlled by discrete inputs.
Before testing any element, determine if any such
control is intended, and apply (or remove) the
necessary input to allow testing. Tests are
included to verify the control with the input in the
opposite state as that needed for testing.

24

6207

6208

6209

6210

10

6211

11

Default Programming
(Events)
0511 General trip of the
relay
5671 87-Diff protection:
General trip
2451 BU
Overcurrent+G/F :
General Trip
1571 49-TRIP by
thermal O/L protection 1
1621 49-TRIP by
thermal O/L protection 2
1566 49-Thermal O/L
prot. 1: Thermal warning
1616 49-Thermal O/L
prot. 2: Thermal warning
5821 Restricted ground
fault: General TRIP
5921 Transformer tank
prot.: General TRIP
0391 Warning stage
from Buchholz
protection
0392 Tripping stage
from Buchholz
protection

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Table 4: Default Settings for Some
of the LEDs:

Address
6301

LED
1

6302

6303

6304

6307

6308

6309

6310

10

6311

11

6312

12

Default Programming
(Events)
0511 General trip of the
Relay m
5691 87-Diff protection:
Trip m
5692 87HS-Diff protection:
Trip m
2451 BU Overcurrent+G/F
: General Trip m
5821 Restricted groundfault: General TRIP m
5921 Transformer tank
prot.: General TRIP m
1571 49-TRIP by thermal
O/L protection 1 m
1621 49-TRIP by thermal
O/L protection 2 m
0391 >Warning stage from
Buchholz prot. m
0392 >Tripping stage from
Buchholz prot. m

Table 5: Default Settings for the LCD


after a Fault
LCD
Line

Address
7107

Top

7108

Bottom

Default Programming
0543 Protection
function(s) pickup
0544 Protective Trip

Table 6: Correction Factor for 87-Itrip(Wx)

Type of Fault

3-Phase
2-Phase
1-Phase
with
I0

2
Elimination
1-Phase
without I0
3
Elimination

Winding 1
(A,B,C)
Reference
Winding

Winding 2
(a,b,c) or
Winding 3
(a,b,c)
Even Number
Vector Group
1

Winding 2
(a,b,c) or
Winding 3
(a,b,c)
Odd Number
1
Vector Group

1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0

1.0
0.866

1.5

1.5

1.732

1.0

1.0

1.732

Notes:
1. Vector Group settings are Address 1121 for
Winding 2, and Address 1141 for Winding 3.
For this table, 0 is considered even.
2. Use this row if the I0Process setting for the
tested winding is I0 Elimination. The settings
are Address 1106 for Winding 1, Address 1126
for Winding 2, and Address 1146 for Winding 3.
3. Use this row if the I0Process setting for the
tested winding is either Without or
I0 CORRECTION. The settings are Address
1106 for Winding 1, Address 1126 for Winding 2,
and Address 1146 for Winding 3.
In tests 1-3 current is injected in one phase at any
time; therefore, use the rows for 1-phase faults. The
other fault types are given if the user wishes to
expand the tests.

Transformer Differential Protection


Differential protection is existent and operational
when Address 7816 = Existent and Address 1601 =
On.

PRCM-1108A-0199

25

7UT51 v3
Test 1. Minimum Pickup of 87: Address 1603

Expected Results:

Pickup Current and Dropout Current


Test Equipment

I1

7UT51 Relay
IA

Trip
Contact 1
Contact
Monitor

IB
W1

The dropout current at contact opening, of any


winding phase, should be between 61.5% and
78.5% of the pickup current for that phase.

W2

Contacts, LEDs and LCD

IC
Ia
Ib
Ic
Ia
Ib
Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 11: Test 1 Connection Diagram


Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 11.
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5691 87-Diff
protection: Trip. (The default setting is
sufficient.)
2. Slowly increase the current from 0 A until Trip
Contact 1 closes. Record the pickup current at
contact closure. Check the state of the other trip
contacts, the signal contacts, and the LEDs.
3. Slowly reduce the current until the contact drops
out. Record the current at dropout. Check the
states of the other contacts and LEDs. Note the
LCD indications.
4. Turn Off the current and reset the LEDs and
LCD.
5. Performing tests on one phase at a time, repeat
steps 1-4 for the remaining phases of Winding 1,
and the three phases of Winding 2 and Winding
3 (if applicable).

26

For each phase of each winding, the pickup current


at contact closure should be within +/- 5% of 87Itrip(Wx).

The expected operations of the trip contacts, signal


contacts, LEDs, and LCD depend on the
programming of the 7UT51. The user should check
for correct operations of these outputs.
For the default settings, all trip contacts should
close, signal relays 1 and 2 should operate, and
LEDs 1 and 2 should light when 87 trips. At dropout,
the contacts should reset but the LEDs should
remain lit because they are set to latch. When the
current is turned off, the LCD should display 87Diff
GenFlt and 87DiffGenTrip.
Remaining Tests of the Differential Protection
The remaining tests for the differential protection
only need to be done with current injected in one
phase of one winding, unless otherwise stated.
Test 2. Time Delay of 87 Tripping: Address 1625
If Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds, skip to the next
test.
Two options for testing Address 1625 are presented.
With one exception, Option 1 is recommended
because more accurate results are produced.
Option 1 does require a standalone timer that is
started on a contact closure, and stopped on a
closure of a second contact. If Address 1625 is
infinite (+) seconds, Option 2 should be performed.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Option 2:
Test Equipment

I
1

1.

Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5691 87-Diff


protection: Trip. (The default setting includes
this signal.)

2.

Set the test current magnitude for a value that


will provide a solid pickup of 87, based on the
results from Test 1. A magnitude equal to twice
87-Itrip(Wx) is good. Be certain not to pick up
the high-set unit, Address 1604.

3.

Set the timer to start on the application of


current, and stop on the closure of the contact
from Trip Relay 1.

4.

If Address 1625 is infinite (+*) seconds,


continue to Step 5. Otherwise, skip to Step 8.

5.

Suddenly apply the current.

6.

Verify the timer does not stop, and no other


contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping
of 87 operate. (Action from the pickup of 87 is
proper.)

7.

Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and


LCD if applicable. End of test.

8.

Set Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds.

9.

Suddenly apply the current.

7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of one
winding
with lowest
87-Itrip (Wx)

IA
IB

Trip
Contact 1
W1

I
C
START I1 ON
Timer
Option 2

STOP

Ia
I
b
I
c

STOP
W2
Trip
Contact 2

I
a
Connection
Option 2

5A1
5A2

START
Timer
Option 1

I
b W3
(7UT513
I
c only)

Figure 12: Test 2 Connection Diagram


Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 12. Any
phase can be selected for current injection. To
minimize current requirements, choose a phase of
the winding that has the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx). This is
typically a phase of Winding 1 (high-voltage side of
the transformer).

Option 1:
1. Program Trip Relay 1 for 5691 87-Diff
protection: Trip. (The default setting is
sufficient.)
2. Program Trip Relay 2 for 5621 87-Differential
unit pickup.
3.

4.

Set the test current magnitude for a value that


will provide a solid pickup of 87, based on the
results from Test 1. A magnitude equal to twice
87-Itrip(Wx) is good. Be certain not to pick up
the highset unit, Address 1604.
Set the timer to start on the closure of the
contact from Trip Relay 2, and stop on the
closure of the contact from Trip Relay 1.

5.

Suddenly apply the current.

6.

Record the value from the timer. This is the


tested value of Address 1625. If Address 1625
is infinite (+*) seconds, the timer should not
stop.

7.

Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and


LCD.

8.

Program trip relays 1 and 2 for the original


settings.

PRCM-1108A-0199

10. Record the pickup time of 87 plus the output


contact, turn off current.
11. Repeat steps 9 and 10 two or more times, to
obtain a pickup timespread for 87 and contact.
12. Set Address 1625 for the desired value.
13. Repeat steps 9-10. The recorded time now
includes Address 1625.
14. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
15. Program Trip Relays 1 for the original setting.
Expected Results:

Option 1:
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
value for Address 1625. The value should be within
the larger of +/- 3% or +/-13 ms of Address 1625.
Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should
be consistent with those in the Test 1, with
consideration given to the changing of the
programming for Trip Relays 1 and 2.

27

7UT51 v3
Option 2:

1. Set Address 1627 = 0.00 seconds.

The pickup times from Step 11 (1625 = 0.00


seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
of Step 13 (1625 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 1625. The accuracy of
Address 1625, with the timer accuracy included, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
timespread of 87 (without delay) plus contact must
be considered.

2. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5691 87-Diff


protection: Trip. (The default setting is
sufficient.)

The pickup timespread of 87 plus contact can add


errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
not satisfied with the calculated values for Address
1625, the Network Disturbances option in the
WinDIGSI software can be useful.

4. Set the timer to start when the current is turned


Off, and stop when the contact transitions from
closed to open.

Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on


Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
for Event 5621 from the time for Event 5691 to get
the delay in tripping caused by Address 1625.

7. Record the trip dropout time given by the timer.

Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should


be consistent with those in the Test 1, with
consideration given to the changing of the
programming for Trip Relay 1.
Test 3. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87:
Address 1627
Test Equipment

87-Itrip (Wx)

Timer

START I1 OFF
STOP

5. Apply the current to Trip 87.


6. Turn Off the current.
8. If the desired setting of Address 1627 = 0.00
seconds, stop here and end the test.
Otherwise, go to the next step.
9. Repeat steps 5-7 two or more times to
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
87 plus contact.
10. Set Address 1627 for the desired setting.
11. Repeat steps 5-7.
12. Program trip Relay 1 for the original setting.
Expected Results:
With Address 1627 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
time of 87 plus contact should be 30 ms +/- 13 ms.

7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of one
winding with
lowest

I1

3. Set the test current magnitude for a value that


will provide a solid pickup of 87, based on the
results from Test 1. A magnitude of twice 87Itrip(Wx) is good. Be certain not to pickup the
highset unit, Address 1604.

IA

Trip
Contact 1

IB
W1
IC
Ia
Ib

W2

Ic
Ia
Ib
Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

The dropout times from step 9 (1627 = 0.00


seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
of Step 11 (1625 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 1627. The accuracy of
Address 1627, including the accuracy of the timer, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout
timespread of 87 (without delay) plus contact must
be considered.
The operations of contacts, LEDs, and LCD should
be consistent with those in Test 1, with consideration
given to the changing of the programming for Trip
Relay 1.

Figure 13: Test 3 Connection Diagram


Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 13. Any
phase can be selected for current injection. To
minimize current requirements, choose a phase of
the winding that has the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx). This is
typically a phase of Winding 1 (high-voltage side of
the transformer).

28

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Notes about Testing the Differential High-Set
Element: Address 1604
Tests pertaining to the high-set element (87HS) are
likely to require high currents.
Note: Do not to exceed the current limitations of the
7UT51 previously mentioned in this
procedure.
The pickup current of 87HS depends on the winding
into which current is injected.

Test 4. Pickup of 87HS: Address 1604


This test is only to be done if 87HS-Itrip(Wx) is 20
amps or less (4 amps or less if the 7UT51 is rated
for 1 amp.)
Test Equipment

I1

7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of one
winding with
lowest
87HS - Itrip
(Wx)

IA

Trip
Contact 1

IB
W1

Contact
Monitor

IC
Ia
Ib

W2

Ic

1. Select the lowest, calculated 87-Itrip(Wx).


2. Calculate the pickup current of 87HS for that
winding (87HS-Itrip(Wx)) such as:
87HS-Itrip(Wx) =

Address 1604 x 87-Itrip(Wx)

Ia
Ib
Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 14: Connection Diagram

Address 1603
3. If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) is 20 amps or less (4 amps or
less for a 7UT51 with a 1 amp rating), perform
tests 4, 5, and 6. Otherwise, perform only tests
5 and 6.
If the 87HS pickup current is less than 20 amps, a
precise pickup level is determined in Test 4. If the
pickup current is greater than 20 amps, the test for a
precise pickup is foregone, and a test current of 1.2
X 87HS-Itrip(Wx) is used for verification of pickup in
tests 5 and 6.
Tests for 87HS may cause other elements to
operate, such as those of the Overcurrent Backup
Protection or the Thermal Overload Protection. If
this occurs, the other elements can be temporarily
turned Off (Address 2101 for Overcurrent Protection
and Address 2401 or Address 2501 for Thermal
Overload Protection). If elements are turned Off,
they should remain Off until the tests for the
differential protection are completed. Some later 87
tests could also operate these other elements.
Note: Be sure to turn back on any affected
elements, after the 87/87HS tests are
completed.

PRCM-1108A-0199

Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 14. Inject


current into one phase of the winding with the lowest
87HS-Itrip(Wx).

Recommended Option:
Set Address 1625 = +* (infinite) seconds. This
setting will permit verification that 87HS tripping
operates contacts that are programmed for both 87
and 87HS tripping. Otherwise, 87 tripping will occur
before 87HS tripping in the test below.
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5692 87HS-Diff
protection: Trip. (The default setting includes
this.)
2. Turn On the current and slowly increase the
current until 87HS trips, as indicated by the
LEDs or contacts.
3. Turn Off the current and reset targets.
4. Set Address 1625 for the desired setting if a
change was made.
Note: Regardless of the setting of Address 1625,
the contact of Trip Relay 1 will not reset in
the above test until 87 drops out. The
dropout of 87 is tested above; therefore, not
repeated here.

29

7UT51 v3
Expected Results:

Pickup Current
The pickup current at contact closure should be
within +/- 5% of the calculated 87HS-Itrip(Wx).
Contacts, LEDs, and LCD
For the default settings with Address 1625 = infinite
seconds, all trip contacts should close, signal relays
1 and 2 should operate, and LEDs 1 and 3 should
light when 87HS trips. When the current is turned
Off, the contacts should open, the LCD should
display 87Diff GenFlt and 87DiffGenTrip, and the
LEDs remain latched. With Address 1625 equal to
another setting, the same target and contact
operations should occur, except LED 2 should also
light and latch.

Test 5. Time Delay of 87HS Trip: Address 1626

If Address 1626 = 0.00 seconds, skip to the next


test.
This test requires 87HS to be solidly picked up for a
time greater than Address 1626. To simplify the
procedure and alleviate concerns about thermal
damage to the 7UT51, a setting change of Address
1604 (87HS pickup) may be required.
Two options for testing the Address 1626 are
presented. With one exception, Option 1 is
recommended because more accurate results are
produced. Option 1 does require a standalone timer
that is started on a contact closure, and stopped on
a closure of a second contact. If Address 1626 is
infinite (+*) seconds, Option 2 should be performed.
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 15. Apply
current to one phase of the winding with the lowest
87HS-Itrip(Wx).
Test Equipment
I1

7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of one
winding
with lowest
87-trip (Wx)

IA

Trip
Contact 1

IB W1
IC

Timer
Option 2

START 1I ON
STOP

Ia
Ib

Trip
Contact 2
W2

Ic

Connection
Option 2

Ia
W3
Ib (7UT513
only)
Ic

STOP
5A1
5A2

START
Timer
Option 1

Figure 15: Test 5 Connection Diagram

30

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Option 1:
1. If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) > 16.5 amps,
change Address 1604 so that 87HS-Itrip(Wx)
16.5 amps. The new setting is determined by:
New Address 1604
[16.5 X Existing Address 1604]
Existing 87HS-Itrip(Wx)

If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 16.5 amps,


no setting changes are needed.
2. Set Address 1625 = +* (infinite) seconds.

4. Set the current source for 20 amps (4 amps for a


7UT51 with a 1amp rating).
5. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the contact.
6. If Address 1626 is infinite (+*) seconds,
continue to Step 7. Otherwise, skip to Step 10.
7. Suddenly apply the current.
8. Verify that the timer does not stop, and no other
contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of
87HS operate. (Action from the pickup of 87HS
is proper.)
9. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
LCD, if applicable. End the test.

3. Program Trip Relay 1 for 5692 87HS-Diff


protection: Trip. (The default setting is
sufficient.)

10. Set Address 1626 = 0.00 seconds.

4. Program Trip Relay 2 for 5622 87-HS-Diff prot


unit picked up.

12. Record the pickup time of 87HS plus the output


contact, and turn off the current.

5. Set the current source for 20 amps (4 amps for a


7UT51 with a 1amp rating).

13. Repeat steps 11 and 12 two or more times, to


obtain a pickup timespread for 87HS and
contact.

6. Set the timer to start on the closure of the


contact from Trip Relay 2, and stop on the
closure of the contact from Trip Relay 1.
7. Suddenly apply the current.
8. Record the value from the timer. This is the
tested value for Address 1626. If Address 1626
is infinite (+*) seconds, the timer should not stop.
9. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
LCD.
10. Program Trip Relays 1 and 2 for the original
settings.
11. Reset Address 1625 for the desired setting.

11. Suddenly apply the current.

14. Set Address 1626 for the desired value.


15. Repeat steps 11-12. The recorded time now
includes Address 1626.
16. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
17. Program Trip Relay 1 for the original settings.
18. Reset Address 1625 for the desired setting.
Expected Results:
Option 1:
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
value for Address 1626. The value should be within
+/- 3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 1626.

Option 2:
1. If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) > 16.5 amps,
change Address 1604 so that 87HS-Itrip(Wx)
16.5 amps. The new setting is determined by:
New Address 1604
[16.5 X Existing Address 1604]
Existing 87HS-Itrip(Wx)

If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 16.5 amps,


no setting changes are needed.
2. Set Address 1625 = +* (infinite) seconds.
3. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5692 87HS-Diff
protection: Trip. (The default setting includes
this signal.)

PRCM-1108A-0199

For the default settings, all trip contacts should


close, signal relays 1 and 2 should operate, and
LEDs 1 and 3 should light when Address 1626
expires. When the current is turned off, the contacts
should reset, the LEDs should remain latched, and
the LCD should display 87Diff GenFlt and
87DiffGenTrip.

Option 2:
The pickup times from Step 13 (1626 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
of Step 15 (1626 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 1626. The accuracy of
Address 1626, with the timer accuracy included, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup

31

7UT51 v3
timespread of 87HS (without delay) plus contact
must be considered.

Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 16. Inject


current into one phase of the winding with the lowest
87HS-Itrip(Wx).

The pickup timespread of 87HS plus contact can


add errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user
is not satisfied with the calculated value for Address
1626, the Network Disturbances option in the
WinDIGSI software can be useful.

1. If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) > 16.5 amps,


change Address 1604 so that
87HS-Itrip(Wx) 16.5 amps.
The new setting is determined by:

Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on


Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
for signal 5622 coming from the time for signal 5692
coming to get the delay in tripping caused by
Address 1626.
For the example settings, all Trip contacts should
close, signal relays 1 and 2 should operate,
and LEDs 1 and 3 should light when
Address 1626 expires. When the current is
turned Off, the contacts should reset, the
LEDs should remain latched, and the LCD
should display 87Diff GenFlt and
87DiffGenTrip.
Test 6. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87HS:
Address 1627
Address 1627 applies to both 87 and 87HS. Test 3
applies for an 87 trip. This test is done with an
87HS trip.
This test requires 87HS to be solidly picked up. To
simplify the procedure and alleviate concerns about
thermal damage to the 7UT51, a setting change of
Address 1604 (87HS pickup) may be required.

New Address 1604


[16.5 x Existing Address 1604]
Existing 87HS-Itrip(Wx)

If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 16.5 amps,


no setting changes are needed.
2. Set Address 1627 = 0.00 seconds.
3. Set Address 1625 = +* (infinite) seconds.
4. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5692 87HS-Diff
protection: Trip. (The default setting is
sufficient.)
5. Set the current source for 20 amps (4 amps for a
7UT51 rated for 1 amp).
6. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
Off, and stop when the contact transitions from
Closed to Open.
7. Apply the current to pickup 87HS.
8. Turn Off the current.
9. Record the trip dropout time given by the timer.
10. If the desired setting of Address 1627 = 0.00
seconds, stop here and end the test.
Otherwise, go to the next step.
11. Repeat steps 7-9 two or more times to
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
87HS plus contact.
12. Set Address 1627 for the desired setting.

Test Equipment

7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of one
winding with
lowest

I1

IA

Trip
Contact 1
W1

IC

START I1 OFF
STOP

Ib

W2

Expected Results:

Ia
Ib
Ic

15. Reset Address 1625 for the desired setting.


16. Program Trip Relay 1 for the original settings.

Ia

Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 16: Test 6 Connection Diagram

32

14. Set Address 1604 for the desired setting.

IB

87-Itrip (Wx)

Timer

13. Repeat steps 7-9.

With Address 1627 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout


time of 87HS plus the contact should be 30 ms +/13 ms.
The dropout times from step 11 (1627 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
of Step 13 (1625 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 1627. The accuracy of

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Address 1627, including the timer accuracy, is the
larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout
timespread of 87HS (without delay) plus contact
must be considered.
For the default settings, all trip contacts should
close, signal relays 1 and 2 should operate, and
LEDs 1 and 3 should light when 87HS trips. When
the current is turned Off, the contacts should reset,
the LEDs should remain latched, and the LCD
should display 87Diff GenFlt and 87DiffGenTrip.

I1
(60 Hz)

IA

Trip
Contact 1

IB

W1

Contact
Monitor

Ia

Ib

Expected Results:

The result should be within +/- 5% of Address 1611.


If 87 tripping occurs, operations of the contacts,
LEDs, and LCD should be consistent with Test 1.

IC

I2
(N x
60Hz)

9. Keep Trip Relay 1 programmed as in Step 1


until the end of Test 13.

%Second Harmonic Restraint


=[120 Hz current from Step 8] x 100%
[60 Hz current from Step 8]

7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of one
winding
with lowest
87-Itrip ( Wx )

8. Repeat steps 6 and 7, slightly adjusting the


Source 2 current magnitude while the currents
are Off, until the minimum Source 2 current
magnitude for restraint is found.

The percent of second harmonic current required for


restraint is:

Test 7. Second Harmonic Restraint


Per-Phase: Address 1611
Test Equipment

7. Observe the response of the 7UT51 and


simultaneously turn off both currents.

W2

Ic

W3 (7UT513 only)

If harmonic restraint occurs, LEDs and contacts


programmed to operate for 87 tripping should not
operate. After current is turned Off, an LCD
message may appear. For the default settings, the
message should be 87Diff GenFlt.

not shown

Figure 17: Test 7 Connection Diagram


Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 17. Any
phase can be selected for current injection. To
minimize current requirements, choose a phase of
the winding that had the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx) from Test
1. This is typically a phase of Winding 1 (highvoltage side of the transformer).
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5691 87-Diff
protection: Trip. (The default settings are
sufficient.)
2. Set the 60 Hz current (Source 1) for a solid
pickup of 87. Usually a value of 2 X 87-Itrip(Wx)
is a good choice. Avoid operation of 87HS or
exceeding the continuous current rating of the
7UT51.
3. Set the Source 2 current frequency for 120 Hz
and the magnitude equal to [Source 1 current X
Address 1611 in decimal format].
4. Apply only Source 1 current to verify 87 tripping.
5. Turn Off Source 1. Reset targets.
6. Simultaneously apply both currents.

PRCM-1108A-0199

33

7UT51 v3
th

Test 8. N Harmonic Restraint


Per-Phase: Addresses 1613
and 1614

4. Slowly increase the magnitude of the 60 Hz


current (Source 1) until 87 tripping occurs.

This test only needs to be done if Address 1613 is


not Off.

Expected Results:

Repeat Test 7 with these exceptions:


Set the Source 2 current frequency to match
rd
th
Address 1613: 3 harmonic is 180 Hz, 4
th
harmonic is 240 Hz, and 5 harmonic is 300 Hz.
Set the Source 2 current magnitude in step 2 for
[Source 1 Current Magnitude X Address 1614 in
decimal format].

The magnitude of the 60 Hz current at which tripping


of 87 occurs should be within +/- 7% of:
87-Itrip(Wx) X [Address 1616]
[Address 1603]

Targets and contact operation should be the same


as Test 7.
th

Test 10. Cross-Blocking, N Harmonic,


Minimum Pickup: Address 1615

Expected Results:
th

The percent of N harmonic current required for


restraint is:
th

If Address 1613 = Off or Address 1615 = 0 cycle,


skip this test.

%N Harmonic Restraint =
Test Equipment

th

[N Harmonic current from Step 8] X 100%


[60 Hz current from Step 8]

7UT51 Relay

IA

I1
(60 Hz)

The result should be within +/- 5% of Address 1614.

Trip Contact 1

Contact
Monitor

IB
W1
IC

Targets and contact operation should be the same


as Test 7.

Ia

2
(N x 60Hz)

Ib

Test 9. Differential Current Stopping


th
N Harmonic Restraint: Address 1616

W2

Ic

Example connections for


W1. Use winding with the
lowest 87-Itrip (Wx)

W3 (7UT513 only)
not shown

Figure 18: Test 10 Connection Diagram


This test only needs to be done if Address 1613 is
not Off.
Use the same 7UT51 connections from Test 8
(Figure 17).
1. Set the magnitude of the 60 Hz current (Source
1) for:
60 Hz magnitude =
0.9 x 87-Itrip (Wx) x [Address 1616]
[Address 1603]

This test only needs to be done for one winding, with


60 Hz current injected into two phases of that
th
winding, and N harmonic current injected into one
of the phases that has the 60 Hz current.
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 18. Any
winding can be selected for current injection. To
minimize current requirements, choose the winding
that has the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx). This is typically
Winding 1 (high-voltage side of the transformer).
For clarity, Figure 18 is drawn with the current
connections to W1. Adapt if necessary.

th

2. Set the magnitude of the N harmonic current


(source 2) for:
(N X 60 Hz) magnitude = 60 Hz magnitude
0.9

3. Simultaneously apply both currents and verify 87


is restrained.

34

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3

1. Set Address 1615 = 0 cycle.


2. Set the 60 Hz current (source 1) for a solid
pickup of 87. Usually a value of 2 X 87-Itrip(Wx)
is a good choice. Avoid operation of 87HS,
exceeding Address 1616 (Test 9), or exceeding
the continuous current rating of the 7UT51.
3. Set the source 2 current frequency to match
rd
th
Address 1613: 3 harmonic is 180 Hz, 4
th
harmonic is 240 Hz, and 5 harmonic is 300 Hz.
4. Set the source 2 current magnitude equal to
[Source 1 current X Address 1614 in Decimal
Format].
5. Simultaneously apply both currents to verify 87
trip.

Test 11. Cross-Blocking, Second Harmonic,


Minimum Pickup: Address 1612

If Address 1612 = 0 cycle, skip this test.


Follow Test 10 with these exceptions:

Substitute Address 1612 for Address 1615 in


steps 1, 7, and 10.

Set the Source 2 frequency to 120 Hz in Step 3.

Set the Source 2 current magnitude in Step 4 for


[Source 1 Current Magnitude X Address 1611 in
decimal format].

6. Turn Off both currents. Reset targets.


7. Set Address 1615 = +* (infinite) cycles.

Expected Results:

8. Simultaneously apply both currents.

The percent of second harmonic current required for


restraint is:

9. Observe the response of the 7UT51 and


simultaneously turn off both currents.
10. Repeat steps 8 and 9, slightly adjusting the
magnitude of the source 2 current while the
currents are off, until the minimum source 2
current magnitude for restraint is found.
11. Set Address 1615 for the desired setting.

%Second Harmonic Restraint =


[120 Hz Current from Step 10] X 100%
[60 Hz current from Step 10]

The result should be within +/- 5% Address 1611.


For the default settings, contact and target
operations should be the same as Test 10.

Expected Results:
th

The percent of N harmonic current required for


restraint is:

Test 12. Cross-Blocking, Second Harmonic,


Time Delay: Address 1612

th

%N Harmonic Restraint =
th

[N Harmonic Current from Step 10]X100%


[60 Hz current from Step 10]

If Address 1612 = 0 cycle or +* (infinite) cycles,


skip this test.
7UT51 Relay

Test Equipment

The result should be within +/- 5% of Address 1614.


IA

For the default settings, contact and target


operations should be consistent with Test 1 if 87
tripping occurs.
If harmonic restraint occurs, LEDs and contacts
programmed to operate for 87 tripping should not
operate. After current is turned off, an LCD
message may appear. For the default settings, the
message should be 87Diff GenFlt.

I1

Trip Contact 1

IB

(60 Hz)

IC
I2
(N x 60Hz)
Start I1 ON
STOP

Ia
Example
connections for
W1. Use
winding with the
lowest 87-Itrip
(Wx)

Ib
Ic

W3 (7UT513)
not shown

Timer

Figure 19: Test 12 Connection Diagram


This test only needs to be done for one winding, with
60 Hz current injected into two phases of that

PRCM-1108A-0199

35

7UT51 v3
winding, and 120 Hz current injected into one of the
phases that has the 60 Hz current.
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 19. Any
winding can be selected for current injection. To
minimize current requirements, choose the winding
that has the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx). This is typically
Winding 1 (high voltage side of the transformer). For
clarity, Figure 19 is drawn with the current
connections to W1. Adapt if necessary.
1. Set Address 1612 = 0 cycle.
2. Set Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds.
3. Set the 60 Hz current (Source 1) for a solid
pickup of 87. Usually a value of [2 X 87-Itrip(Wx)]
is a good choice. Avoid operation of 87HS or
exceeding the continuous current rating of the
7UT51.
4. Set the Source 2 current frequency to 120 Hz,
and the magnitude equal to the magnitude of the
Source 1 current.
5. Set the timer to start on the application of 60 Hz
current (Source 1), and stop on the closure of
the contact.
6. Turn On Source 1 only.
7. Record the tripping time of 87 and contact, and
turn off Source 1.
8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 two times to obtain a
timespread of the tripping of 87 and contact.
9. Set Address 1612 = desired setting.
10. Simultaneously apply both Source 1 and Source
2 currents.
11. Record the value from the timer, which now
includes Address 1612.
12. Turn Off both currents, and reset the LEDs and
LCD.
13. Reset Address 1625 to the desired value.
Expected Results:
The pickup times from step 8 must be subtracted
from the pickup time from Step 11 (1612 = desired
setting) to obtain the tested value for Address 1612.
The accuracy of Address 1612 is +/- 1.02 cycles
(timer accuracy included). The pickup timespread of
87 plus contact must be considered in the result.
The pickup timespread of 87 plus contact can add
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
not satisfied with the calculated values for Address
1612, the Network Disturbances option in the
WinDIGSI software can be useful.

36

Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on


Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Indications of
events 5641 and 5642 should be seen. Then the
reduction of Event 5641 (cross-blocking of Ph A
ceases) should be seen at the same time that the
events 5621 and 5691 (87 tripping) increase.
Subtract the coming time of 5641 from the going
time of 5641 to obtain Address 1612.
The LEDs, LCD, and contact operations should be
the same as those for Test 1. The delay between
current application and tripping may be noticeable,
depending on the desired setting of Address 1612.
th

Test 13. Cross-Blocking, N Harmonic, Time


Delay: Address 1615

If Address 1615 = 0 cycle or +* (infinite) cycles,


skip this test.
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 19 (Test 12).
Any winding can be selected for current injection.
To minimize current requirements, choose the
winding that has the lowest 87-I trip(Wx). This is
typically Winding 1 (high voltage side of the
transformer). For clarity, Figure 19 is drawn with the
current connections to W1. Adjust if necessary.
This test only needs to be done for one winding, with
60 Hz current injected into two phases of that
winding, and 120 Hz current injected into one of the
phases that has the 60 Hz current.
1. Set Address 1615 = 0 cycle.
2. Set Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds.
3. Set the 60 Hz current (Source 1) for a solid
pickup of 87. Usually a value of [2 X 87Itrip(Wx)] is a good choice. Avoid operation of
87HS or exceeding the continuous current rating
of the 7UT51.
4. Set the Source 2 current frequency to match
rd
th
Address 1613: 3 harmonic is 180 Hz, 4
th
harmonic is 240 Hz, and 5 harmonic is 300 Hz.
5. Set the Source 2 current magnitude equal to the
magnitude of the Source 1 current.
6. Set the timer to start on the application of 60 Hz
current (Source 1), and stop on the closure of
the contact.
7. Turn On Source 1 only.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
8. Record the tripping time of 87 and contact and
turn Off Source 1.

Notes about Simulating Through-Faults and


Testing the 87 Slopes

9. Repeat steps 7 and 8 two times to obtain a


timespread of the tripping of 87 and contact.

The next test is performed to verify the security of


the 7UT51 for external faults (through-faults). The
slopes of the 87 characteristic are tested after the
through-fault. The slope tests are slight variations of
the through-fault test.

10. Set Address 1615 = desired setting.


11. Simultaneously apply both Source 1 and Source
2 currents.
12. Record the value from the timer, which now
includes Address 1615.
13. Turn Off both currents, and reset the LEDs and
LCD.
14. Reset Address 1625 to the desired value.

If the through-fault or slope tests cause tripping of


units other than 87, such as the backup overcurrent
units, these other units can be temporarily made
nonexistent with the settings in Address Block 7800.
Be sure to undo any setting changes in Address
Block 7800 when the differential element tests are
finished.

Expected Results:
The pickup times from Step 9 must be subtracted
from the pickup time from Step 12 (1615 = desired
setting) to obtain the tested value for Address 1615.
The accuracy of Address 1615 is +/- 1.02 cycles
(timer accuracy included). The pickup timespread of
87 plus contact must be considered in the result.
The pickup timespread of 87 plus contact can add
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
not satisfied with the calculated values for Address
1615, the Network Disturbances option in the
WinDIGSI software can be useful.
Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. The coming of
events 5641 and 5642 should be seen. Then the
going of Event 5641 (cross-blocking of Ph A ceases)
should be seen at the same time of the coming of
events 5621 and 5691 (87 tripping). Subtract the
coming time of Event 5641 from the going time of
Event 5641 to obtain Address 1615.
The LEDs, LCD, and contact operations should be
the same as those for Test 1. The delay between
current application and tripping may be noticeable,
depending on the desired setting of Address 1615.
Note:

Reset Trip Relay 1 to the original, desired


setting.

PRCM-1108A-0199

Since the current transactor and current processing


of each phase of each winding are verified in Test 1,
only one fault needs to be simulated for the throughfault and slope tests.
The current distribution sensed by a 7UT51, for an
external fault, depends on the fault type and
location, the connections of the transformer
windings, and the CT connections.
Three cases are detailed below to provide examples
of possible methods for simulating through-faults, in
testing the security of a 7UT51. Each case involves
two-winding, delta-grounded wye transformers.
Users with other applications can consider the cases
and the comments at the end of this notes section,
and adapt the procedure accordingly.
Case 1: delta-grounded wye transformers with the
delta winding being the reference winding (Winding
1).
Case 2: delta-grounded wye transformers with the
wye winding being Winding 1. Zero sequence
current processing (Address 1106) set for I0
elimination.
Case 3: delta-grounded wye transformers with the
wye winding being Winding 1. Zero sequence
current processing (Address 1106) set for I0
correction.
Note: The assumptions for the three cases are that
all CTs are wye-connected; all common
points of the CTs are towards the transformer
(Addresses 1105 and 1125); all CTs are
subtractive with the secondary polarities
connected to the polarities of the 7UT51
current inputs; zero sequence current
processing is without for the delta-side of the
transformer; and the rotation is ABC.

37

7UT51 v3
For all three cases, the fault simulated is an
external, phase-ground fault on the wye-side of the
transformer. This is the simplest fault to simulate
using two test-current sources.
Consider the common, ANSI connected, delta
grounded wye transformer shown in Figure 20. Let
currents be defined as flowing into the transformer
(both sides). For an a-phase-ground fault resulting
in a current of 1.0 per unit through the transformer
winding to the fault, IA = -IC. Also, IA = 0.58 per unit
or (1/1.732) per unit for Ia = -1.0 per unit. If the fault
is on b-phase, with Ib = -1.0 per unit, then IB = -IA =
(1/1.732) per unit. If the fault is on c-phase, with Ic =
-1.0 per unit, then IC = -IB = (1/1.732) per unit.
These current relationships that result for phaseground faults on the wye side are used in the tests
below.
1.0 p.u.
0.58 p.u.

Since all of the current inputs are checked in Test 1,


only one simulation of one phase-ground fault needs
to be done to check the security of the 7UT51 for
through-faults, and test the slopes of the 87
characteristic. There is sufficient information below
for the user to simulate a fault on any of the phases.
A source of positive and negative sequence currents
on the delta side is assumed in Figure 20, as is a
radial or open system on the wye side. For testing
the 7UT51, these assumptions are not important. A
recommendation in this procedure is that when the
user runs the through-fault and slope tests below,
the user should model the simplest fault, that can be
simulated with two test currents, with the transformer
connected to a power system in the simplest way. If
the simulation is unrealistic for the application, this is
not important. The differential characteristic will be
adequately checked.

A
0.58 p.u.

0.58 p.u.
b

Figure 20: Dy1 Transformer, a-Phase-Ground Fault


If the delta winding in Figure 20 is considered the
reference winding, this transformer is called a Dy1
transformer. The D is capitalized to indicate the
delta winding is the reference. The 1 means the
positive sequence, a-phase-voltage-neutral (V1an)
LAGS the positive sequence A-phase-voltageneutral (V1AN) by (1 X 30). By connecting the
power system phases to different wye side windings
(maintaining ABC rotation), or by reversing the
polarity of the three wye side windings and
connecting the power system phases in various
combinations, different phase shifts are obtained.
The possibilities are Dyz, where z is an integer
multiplied by 30 to indicate the angle by which V1an
lags V1An, and z = 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, or 11. The 7UT51
instruction manual has excellent diagrams of the
Dyz transformers showing the transformer winding
connections and power system phase connections.

The user must know the transformer winding being


considered by the 7UT51 as the reference winding.
This can be determined by viewing the settings in
Address Block 1100.
Note: Addresses 1102-1108 apply to the reference
winding (Winding 1).
Addresses 1121-1128 apply to Winding 2.
Addresses 1141-1148 apply to Winding 3.
If Winding 1 is a grounded wye winding, the user
must know the processing done, by the 7UT51, on
the zero sequence currents of the winding. The
processing determines the required test connections
below. See Address 1106.
Case 1: Delta-Grounded Wye Transformers,
Delta is Reference Winding (Dyz)
7UT51 Connections
Figure 21 shows the connections for a Dy1
transformer, with an a-phase-ground fault simulated.
The connections for all Dyz transformers and all
phase-ground faults are below.

For all Dyz transformers, any phase-ground fault on


the wye side with 1.0 per unit
current results in (1/1.732) per unit current in one
phase of the delta side, and (1/1.732) per unit of
current in another phase of the delta side. The
phases involved depend on z, and the faulted
phase.

38

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Test Equipment

7UT51 Relay

IA

I1

Trip Contact 1

Contact
Monitor

IB
IC

Table 7: Source 1 Current- Connections, DeltaGrounded Wye Transformers (Dyz)


Transf.
Type
Dy1

Ia

I2
Note polarity of
test sources.

Ib
Ic

Dy3

Figure 21: Test Connections for Dy1 Transformer


with a-Phase-ground Through-Fault
Notes:
I1* is the terminal with polarity of Test-Source 1.

I1 is the terminal without polarity of


Test-Source 1.

I2* and I2 are similar, applying to Test-Source 2.

IA*, IB*, and IC* are the Winding 1 phase A, B,


and C current-terminals with polarity.

IA, IB, and IC are the Winding 1 current-terminals


without polarity.

Ia*, Ib*, Ic*, Ia, Ib, and Ic are similar except they
apply for Winding 2.

Source 2 Test-Current Connections for Winding 2


ALL Dyz transformer types. The letter in the
parenthesis denotes the Winding 2 phase faulted
to ground.
(a) [I2* to Ia (terminal 3B2)] and [I2 to Ia*
(terminal 3B1)]
(b) [I2* to Ib (terminal 2B2)] and [I2 to Ib*
(terminal 2B1)]
(c) [I2* to Ic (terminal 1B2)] and [I2 to Ic*
(terminal 1B1)]

Dy5

Dy7

Dy9

Dy11

Source 1 Test-Current Connections


( ) Indicates Phase faulted to ground
(a) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1)] ;
Jumper IA to IC (3A2 to 1A2)
(b) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
Jumper IB to IA (2A2 to 3A2)
(c) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)];
Jumper IC to IB (1A2 to 2A2)
(a) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IC*(1A1)] ;
Jumper IB to IC (2A2 to 1A2)
(b) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
Jumper IC to IA (1A2 to 3A2)
(c) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)] ;
Jumper IA to IB (3A2 to 2A2)
(a) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)] ;
Jumper IB to IA (2A2 to 3A2)
(b) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)] ;
Jumper IC to IB (1A2 to 2A2)
(c) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1] ;
Jumper IA to IC (3A2 to 1A2)
(a) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
Jumper IC to IA (1A2 to 3A2)
(b) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)];
Jumper IA to IB (3A2 to 2A2)
(c) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1)] ;
Jumper IB to IC (2A2 to 1A2)
(a) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)];
Jumper IC to IB (1A2 to 2A2)
(b) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1)];
Jumper IA to IC (3A2 to 1A2)
(c) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
Jumper IB to IA (2A2 to 3A2)
(a) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)];
Jumper IA to IB (3A2 to 2A2)
(b) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1)];
Jumper IB to IC (2A2 to 1A2)
(c) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
Jumper IC to IA (1A2 to 3A2)

The 7UT51 determines restraint and differential


currents as such (two-winding):
IAREST = IA** + Ia**
IBREST = IB** + Ib**
ICREST = IC** + Ic**
IADIFF = IA** + Ia** (phasor sum)
IBDIFF = IB** + Ib** (phasor sum)
ICDIFF = IC** + Ic** (phasor sum)
The I** currents are not actual currents. They are
quantities mathematically derived by the 7UT51
using the actual currents into the 7UT51. The
derivations differ depending on the selection of

PRCM-1108A-0199

39

7UT51 v3
Winding 1, the connection of the transformer
Winding 2, and the processing of the zero-sequence
currents.
Knowledge of the equations for the I** is not
essential for the tests below; however, the equations
do allow the user to understand better the operation
of the 7UT51. The equations also allow the
procedure to be adapted easier if the user is testing
the 7UT51 for applications other than the three
cases mentioned above. Consult the instruction
book or Siemens to obtain the equations.
For Dyz transformers, the equations for I** are given
immediately below and in Table 8. The table also
provides the metering values to expect when
simulating a phase-ground, through-fault on the
Winding 2 side.

Table 8:
Equations of Winding 2 Currents for
IREST and IDIFF, and Relationship of Restraint
Currents for Phase-Ground, Through-Faults.

Transf.
Type
Dy1

Dy3

The equations for the Winding 1 I** currents are the


same for all Dyz transformers.
IA**=(1/3)[2IA IB IC] in per unit of INsecW1
IB**=(1/3)[-IA + 2IB IC] in per unit of INsecW1
IC**=(1/3)[-IA IB + 2IC] in per unit of INsecW1
The winding currents are phasors! The positive
direction for a winding current in this case 1 is into
the polarity terminals IA*, IB*, and IC* (terminals 3A1,
2A1, and 1A1).
The equations for the Winding 2 I** currents are in
Table 8. The winding currents are phasors with a
similar definition of positive direction.

Dy5

Dy7

Dy9

Dy11

40

Relationship of
Restraint Currents
for Phase-Ground,
Through-Faults on
W2 Terminals. ( )
Denotes Faulted
Phase

Winding 2 Currents
for IREST and IDIFF in
per unit of INsecW2

(a)IA** + Ia** =
IC** + Ic**
(b)IB** + Ib** =
IA** + Ia**
(c)IC** + Ic** =
IB** + Ib**

Ia**=(0.577)[Ia Ib]

(a)IB** + Ib** =
IC** + Ic**
(b)IC** + Ic** =
IA** + Ia**
(c)IA** + Ia** =
IB** + Ib**

Ia**=(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]

(a)IB** + Ib** =
IA** + Ia**
(b)IC** + Ic** =
IB** + Ib**
(c)IA** + Ia** =
IC** + Ic**

Ia**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ic]

(a)IC** + Ic** =
IA** + Ia**
(b)IA** + Ia** =
IB** + Ib**
(c)IB** + Ib** =
IC** + Ic**

Ia**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]

(a)IC** + Ic** =
IB** + Ib**
(b)IA** + Ia** =
IC** + Ic**
(c)IB** + Ib** =
IA** + Ia**

Ia**=(0.577)[Ib Ic]

(a)IA** + Ia** =
IB** + Ib**
(b)IB** + Ib** =
IC** + Ic**
(c)IC** + Ic** =
IA** + Ia**

Ia**=(0.577)[Ia Ic]

Ib**=(0.577)[Ib Ic]
Ic**= (0.577)[-Ia + Ic]

Ib**=(0.577)[Ia Ic]
Ic**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]

Ib**=(0.577)[Ia Ib]
Ic**=(0.577)[Ib Ic]

Ib**=(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
Ic**=(0.577)[Ia Ic]

Ib**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
Ic**=(0.577)[Ia Ib]

Ib**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
Ic**=(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Notice for the common Dy1 transformer, with an aphase-ground through-fault (Figure 20), IC = -IA, IB
= 0, and Ib = Ic = 0
IA** = IA = 0.577 per unit
IB** = 0
IC** = -IA = -0.577 per unit
Ia** = (-0.577)(Ia) = - 0.577 per unit
Ib** = 0
Ic** = (-0.577)(-Ia) = 0.577 per unit
Currents Ia** and Ic** have a negative factor
because Ia flows out terminal Ia*.
IAREST = ICREST = 0.577 per unit + -0.577 per
unit = 1.154 per unit
IBREST = 0 per unit + 0 per unit = 0 per unit
IADIFF = ICDIFF = 0.577 per unit + (-0.577 per unit)
= 0 per unit
ICDIFF = 0 p.u. + 0 p.u. = 0 p.u.

PRCM-1108A-0199

If the currents in Figure 20 are increased by a factor


of 1.732, then I** (non-zero currents) becomes
1.0 per unit. The resulting IAREST and ICREST become
2 per unit. If the currents in Figure 20 are increased
by a factor of (M X 1.732), where M is a constant
chosen by the user, then IAREST and ICREST become
(2 X M) per unit. Thus, with test currents set as
such:
I1 = (M X 1.732) X (0.577 X INsecW1) =
[M X INsecW1 ] at 0
I2 = [M X 1.732 X INsecW2 ]at 0

The restraint currents become 2 X M. By adjusting


M, the user can easily control the restraint current.
This allows for simple testing of the 87 slopes.
The same analysis can be done for any Dyz
transformer. Table 7 indicates the phase currents
involved. Table 8 shows the non-zero, restraint
currents. For the test-set connections of Table 7,
the same conclusion regarding test currents I1 and
I2 results.

41

7UT51 v3
Case 2: Delta-Grounded Wye Transformers, Wye
is Reference Winding (Wdz), Zero
Sequence Current Elimination
(Address 1106 = I0 elimination)
7UT51 Connections:
Figure 22 shows the connections for a Yd11
transformer, with an A-phase-ground fault simulated.
Notice the wye winding current applies to Winding 1.
Source 1 is still associated with Winding 1. The
connections for all Ydz transformers and all phaseground faults are below.
Test Equipment

I1

Table 9: Source 2 Current- Connections, DeltaGrounded Wye Transformers (Ydz)


Transf.
Type

Source 2 Test-Current Connections


( ) Indicates Phase faulted to ground

Yd1

(A) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)] ;


Jumper Ia to Ib (3B2 to 2B2)
(B) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)];
Jumper Ib to Ic (2B2 to 1B2)
(C) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)];
Jumper Ic to Ia (1B2 to 3B2)
(A) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ib*(2B1)] ;
Jumper Ic to Ib (1B2 to 2B2)
(B) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)];
Jumper Ia to Ic (3B2 to 1B2)
(C) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)] ;
Jumper Ib to Ia (2B2 to 3B2)
(A) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)] ;
Jumper Ic to Ia (1B2 to 3B2)
(B) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)] ;
Jumper Ia to Ib (3B2 to 2B2)
(C) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1] ;
Jumper Ib to Ic (2B2 to 1B2)
(A) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)];
Jumper Ib to Ia (2B2 to 3B2)
(B) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)];
Jumper Ic to Ib (1B2 to 2B2)
(C) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)] ;
Jumper Ia to Ic (3B2 to 1B2)
(A) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)];
Jumper Ib to Ic (2B2 to 1B2)
(B) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)];
Jumper Ic to Ia (1B2 to 3B2)
(C) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)];
Jumper Ia to Ib (3B2 to 2B2)
(A) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)];
Jumper Ia to Ic (3B2 to 1B2)
(B) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)];
Jumper Ib to Ia (2B2 to 3B2)
(C) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)];
Jumper Ic to Ib (1B2 to 2B2)

Yd3

7UT51 Relay

IA
Trip Contact 1

Contact
Monitor

Yd5

IB
IC
I2
Note polarity of
test sources.

Ia

Yd7

Ib
Ic

Figure 22: Test Connections for Yd11 transformer


with A-Phase-ground Through-Fault, Io-Elimination
Source 1 Test-Current Connections for Winding 1
ALL Ydz transformer types. The letter in the
parenthesis denotes the Winding 1 phase faulted to
ground.
(A) [I1* to IA (terminal 3A2)] and [I1 to IA* (terminal
3A1)]
(B) [I1* to IB (terminal 2A2)] and [I1 to IB* (terminal
2A1)]
(C) [I1* to IC (terminal 1A2)] and [I1 to IC* (terminal
1A1)]

Yd9

Yd11

For Ydz transformers, the equations for I** are given


immediately below and in Table 10. The table also
provides the metering values to expect when
simulating a phase-ground, through-fault on the
Winding 1 side.
The equations for the Winding 1 I** currents are the
same for all Ydz transformers.
IA**=(1/3)[2IA IB IC] in per unit of INsecW1
IB**=(1/3)[-IA+2IBIC] in per unit of INsecW1
IC**=(1/3)[-IA IB + 2IC] in per unit of INsecW1

42

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
The winding currents are phasors! The
positive direction for a winding current in this case 2
is into the polarity terminals IA*, IB*, and IC*
(terminals 3A1, 2A1, and 1A1).

Yd7

The equations for the Winding 2 I** currents are in


Table 10. The winding currents are phasors with a
similar definition of positive direction.
Yd9

Table 10: Equations of Winding 2 Currents for


IREST and IDIFF, and Relationship of Restraint
Currents for Phase-Ground, Through-Faults.

Transf.
Type

Yd1

Yd3

Yd5

Relationship of
Restraint Currents
for Phase-Ground,
Through-Faults on
W2 Terminals. ( )
Denotes Faulted
Phase

(A) IAREST =
(2)IBREST = (2)
ICREST
(B) IBREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST
(A) IAREST =
(2)IBREST = (2)
ICREST
(B) IBREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST
(A) IAREST =
(2)IBREST = (2)
ICREST
(B) IBREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST

PRCM-1108A-0199

Yd11
Winding 2 Currents
for IREST and IDIFF in
per unit of INsecW2

Ia** =
(0.577)[Ia Ib]
Ib** =
(0.577)[Ib Ic]
Ic** =
(0.577)[-Ia + Ic]

(A) IAREST =
(2)IBREST = (2)
ICREST
(B) IBREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST
(A) IAREST =
(2)IBREST = (2)
ICREST
(B) IBREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST
(A) IAREST =
(2)IBREST = (2)
ICREST
(B) IBREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST

Ia** =
(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
Ib** =
(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
Ic** =
(0.577)[Ia Ic]
Ia** =
(0.577)[Ib Ic]
Ib** =
(0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
Ic** =
(0.577)[Ia Ib]
Ia** =
(0.577)[Ia Ic]
Ib** =
(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
Ic** =
(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]

Ia** =
(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
Ib** =
(0.577)[Ia Ic]
Ic** =
(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
Ia** =
(0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
Ib** =
(0.577)[Ia Ib]
Ic** =
(0.577)[Ib Ic]

43

7UT51 v3
1.0 p.u.
0.58 p.u.

a
0.58 p.u.

0.58 p.u.
B

Figure 23: Yd11 Transformer A Phase-Ground


Fault
Consider the Yd11 transformer in Figure 23.
Compare the Yd11 transformer to the Dy1
transformer in Figure 20. They are the same
transformers with the same phasing only the
reference has changed. For the Yd11 transformer,
V1an leads V1An by 30 which is the same as
lagging by 330, or (11 X 30). For the A-phaseground fault in Figure 23, IA = -1.0 per unit, IB = IC =
0, Ia = -Ic = 0.58 per unit, and Ib = 0. Thus:
IA** = (2/3)IA = -(2/3) per unit
IB** = -(1/3)IA = (1/3) per unit
IC** = -(1/3)IA = (1/3) per unit

If the currents in Figure 23 are increased by a factor


of (3/2), or 1.5, then IA** and Ia** become 1.0
per unit. The resulting IAREST becomes 2 per unit. If
the currents in Figure 23 are increased by a factor of
(M X 1.5), where M is a constant chosen by the user,
then IAREST becomes (2 X M) per unit. Thus, with
test currents set as such:
I1 = [M X 1.5 X INsecW1] at 0
I2 = [(M X 1.5) X (0.577 X INsecW2 )] =
[M X 0.866 X INsecW2] at 0

The restraint current associated with the faulted


phase becomes 2 X M. By adjusting M, the user
can easily control this restraint current. This allows
for simple testing of the 87 slopes.

The same analysis can be done for any Ydz


transformer. Table 9 indicates the phase currents
involved. Table 10 shows the restraint currents. For
the test-set connections of Table 9, the same
conclusion regarding test currents I1 and I2 results.

Ia** = (2)(0.577)(Ia) = (2/3) per unit


Ib** = (-0.577)(Ia) = -(1/3) per unit
Ic** = (-0.577)(Ia) = -(1/3) per unit

Case 3: Delta-Grounded Wye Transformers, Wye


is Reference Winding (Ydz), Zero
Sequence Current Correction (Address
1106 = I0 correction).

IAREST =-(2/3) per unit+ (2/3) per unit =


(4/3) unit

Consider first Case 2, even if the case does not


apply. Cases 2 and 3 are similar.

IBREST = ICREST =
(1/3) per unit + -(1/3) per unit =
(2/3) per unit = (1/2)IAREST
IADIFF = -(2/3) per unit + (2/3) per unit) =
0 per unit
IBDIFF = ICDIFF =
(1/3) per unit + (-1)(1/3)per unit =
0 per unit

44

7UT51 Connections:
Figure 24 shows the connections for a Yd11
transformer, with an A-phase-ground fault simulated.
Notice the wye winding current applies to Winding 1.
Source 1 is still associated with Winding 1. The
connections for all Ydz transformers and all phaseground faults are discussed below.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3

Test Equipment

7UT51 Relay
IA

I1

IB

Trip
Contact 1

Contact
Monitor

W1

IC
I2

If the neutral CT common is towards ground


(Address 1108 = Towards ground), interchange INb
and INb* above.
The Source 2 current connections are the same as
the connections for Case 2. Refer to Table 9 for
Case 2.

Ia
Ib

W2

The equations for the Winding 1 I** currents are the


same for all Ydz transformers.

Ic

1D1
1D2

INb

IA** = [IA + (1/3)IN] in per unit of INsecW1


IB** = [IB + (1/3)IN] in per unit of INsecW1
IC** = [IC + (1/3)IN] in per unit of INsecW1

2D1
2D2

INa

Figure 24: Test Connect for a Yd11 transformer,


with an A-phase-ground Through-Fault, IoCorrection
Source 1 Test-Current Connections for Winding 1
ALL Ydz transformer types. The letter in the
parenthesis denotes the Winding 1 phase faulted to
ground.
Current INa Used for Zero Sequence Current
Correction
(Address 7806 =Side 1)
(A) [I1* to IA (3A2)], [I1 to INa (2D2)], and [Jumper
IA* to INa* (3A1 to 2D1)]
(B) [I1* to IB (2A2)], [I1 to INa (2D2)], and [Jumper
IB* to INa* (2A1 to 2D1)]
(C) [I1* to IC (1A2)], [I1 to INa (2D2)], and [Jumper
IC* to INa* (1A1 to 2D1)]
If the neutral CT common is towards ground
(Address 1108 = Towards ground), interchange INa
and INa* above.
Current INb Used for Zero Sequence Current
Correction
(Address 7807 = Side 1)

where IN is the current (phasor) from the neutral CT.


A current entering INa* or INb* is positive.
The winding currents are phasors! The positive
direction for a winding current in this Case 3 is into
the polarity terminals IA*, IB*, and IC* (terminals 3A1,
2A1, and 1A1).
The equations for the Winding 2 I** currents are the
same as those for Case 2. See Table 10 for Case 2.
Consider again the Yd11 transformer in Figure 23
(Case 2). For the A-phase-ground fault, IA = -IN = 1.0 per unit, IB = IC = 0, Ia = -Ic = 0.58 per unit, and
Ib = 0. Thus:

IA** = (2/3)IA = -(2/3) per unit


IB** = -(1/3)IA = (1/3) per unit
IC** = -(1/3)IA = (1/3) per unit

Ia** = (2)(0.577)(Ia) = (2/3) per unit


Ib** = (-0.577)(Ia) = -(1/3) per unit
Ic** = (-0.577)(Ia) = -(1/3) per unit

These are the same results as Case 2. This is to be


expected because zero sequence current
elimination and correction perform the same function
for external faults, namely filter the zero sequence
currents before the I** are combined. For internal
faults, the results are quite different between the
elimination method and the correction method.

(A) [I1* to IA (3A2)], [I1 to INb (1D2)], and [Jumper


IA* to INb* (3A1 to 1D1)]
(B) [I1* to IB (2A2)], [I1 to INb (1D2)], and [Jumper
IB* to INb* (2A1 to 1D1)]
(C) [I1* to IC (1A2)], [I1 to INb (1D2)], and [Jumper
IC* to INb* (1A1 to 1D1)]

PRCM-1108A-0199

45

7UT51 v3
The conclusion concerning test currents for case 2
also results for Case 3.

I1 = [M X 1.5 X INsecW1] at 0
I2 = [(M X 1.5) X (0.577 X INsecW2 )] =
[M X 0.866 X INsecW2] at 0

The restraint current associated with the faulted


phase becomes 2 X M. By adjusting M, the user
can easily control this restraint current. This allows
for simple testing of the 87 slopes.

Three-Winding Transformers
A 7UT513 protecting three winding transformers can
be adequately tested by considering two windings at
a time, and testing them like a two-winding
transformer. Test the reference winding and
Winding 2. Then test the reference winding and
Winding 3. These two tests will verify the 87
algorithm and the constants being used to form IDIFF
and IREST. Testing Winding 2 and Winding 3 is not
necessary.
Transformers Other Than Dyz and Ydz with the
above Assumptions
If the transformer being protected has different
winding connections or CT connections, determine
the current flows to the 7UT51 for the simplest fault,
with the transformer connected to a power system in
the simplest way. If the equations for I** are
available, they can be used in an analysis, similar to
those above, to predict the test currents needed to
obtain a desired restraint current. If the equations
are not available, the metering from the WinDIGSI
software can be used to obtain the desired restraint
current. Remember always to increase the currents
on different sides of the transformer by the same
factor.

Test 14. Through-Fault Security, Metering


Validation
Connect the 7UT51 using the appropriate Figure 21,
22, or 24, and the accompanying notes above.
Polarity connections are critical. Maintain the
7UT51 connections through Test 17.
1. If Case 3 applies, Address 1107 must match
Address 1104. Change Address 1107 if
necessary. Keep this new setting through Test
17.
2. Program Trip Relay 1 for Event 5691 87-Diff
protection: Trip. (The default setting is
sufficient). Keep this setting through Test 17.
3. Program LED 2 for m 5691 87-Diff protection:
Trip. (This is the default setting.) Keep this
setting through Test 17.
4. For Case 1, set the source 1 current for [M X
INsecW1] at 0, where M = 1.5. For cases 2 and 3,
set the Source 1 current for [M X 1.5 X INsecW1] at
0, where M = 1.5.
5. For Case 1, set the Source 2 current for [M X
1.732 X INsecW2] at 0, where M = 1.5. For cases
2 and 3, set the Source 2 current for [M X 0.866
X INsecW2] at 0, where M = 1.5.
6. Momentarily apply only the Source 1 current and
verify 87 tripping.
7. Momentarily apply only the Source 2 current and
verify 87 tripping.
8. Reset targets.
9. Simultaneously apply both currents and verify 87
does not pickup.
10. Maintain the application of currents for
verification of the metering, and the next test.
To check the metering from the LCD, follow steps
11-19. Text in bold are key names on the keypad.
11. Press Direct Addr, enter 4101, and press
Enter. The display will read 4101 Test Diff
Measuring?.
12. Press Yes. The display should report I1
PhA=xxx, where xxx is the PhA current as a
percentage of 5 amps. The value should be the
test current into terminal 3A1 divided by 5 amps.
13. Press No to page through the remainder of the
metering.

46

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3

To check the metering using WinDIGSI, follow steps


20-32.
20. Reach dialog with the 7UT51.
21. Click Test in the Menu bar.

I1

I2
87HS Pickup
(1604)

IR

ES
T

16
08

ID

IF
F

7UT51

IDIFF = |I1+ I2|


16
07
,s
lo
pe

IREST = |I1| + |I2|

6
5

19. Press Yes to end the metering tests.

po
in
t

18. Press Direct Addr, enter 4801, and press


Enter. The display should read 4801 Stop Test
Finish?.

Figure 25 shows the differential characteristic.


Notice the differential current (IDIFF) is the absolute
value of the vectorial sum of the currents, while the
restraint current (IREST) is the sum of the absolute
values of the currents. This fact is used in the
strategy to test the slopes and the through-fault
restraint area.

(b
as
e

17. Continue pressing No to read the restraint


values in percentage of the transformer rating.
Based on the case and the notes above, be sure
the restraint currents are as expected. Allow the
restraint current percentage to vary +/- 7%. For
example, if IaRestr and IcRestr, should equal
300%, allow (293% to 307%).

Notes about Slope 1, Slope 2, and Through-Fault


Restraint Area.

Operate Area

Non-Operate Area

16. Press No to scroll through IbDiff and IcDiff.


These values should be under 2.0%.

32. Select 4800 End Commission Testing, then


click Close.

Sl
op
e

15. Press Yes. The display will report IaDiff = xxx,


where xxx is the PhA differential current
calculated by the 7UT51. It should measure in
the neighborhood of 1.0% to 2.0%.

31. Click Close to close the Commission Tests


window.

Differential Current, IDIFF ( in multiples of In )

14. Press Direct Addr, enter 4161, and press Enter


to display differential values. The LCD will read
4161 TEST DIF/ST INDICATE RESULT?.

3
2
1

Slope

06)
1 (16

Through-Fault Restraint Area


( slope = 1/2 of 1606, left edge = 1618 )

0
0

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Restraining Current, IREST ( in multiples of In )

11

Figure 25: Differential Characteristics

22. Display Commission Tests.


23. Execute 4101 Measuring and indication of
line curr. values, then click Yes.
24. The Test results will show the phase currents of
each winding, in percentages of 5 amps.
25. Verify the percentages for the test currents
being applied.
26. Click Close. The Commission Tests dialog box
will become active again.
27. Execute 4161 Indication of diff. and restr.
current values, then click Yes.
28. The display will show the differential and
restraint percentages for all phases.
29. All differential values should be 3% or less.
Verify the relationship and values of the restraint
currents using the applicable notes above. The
7UT51 must be responding as expected for the
next test. Allow the restraint current
percentages to vary +/- 7%. For example, if Ph
A and Ph C should be about 300%, allow them
to vary between (293% and 307%) before
changing the test currents.

The previous test is used to simulate a through-fault.


The magnitudes of the test currents are fixed to
maintain a constant IREST. The phase angle of one
of the currents is then varied to provide IDIFF. Once
the minimum angle at which 87 trips is found, the
slope is calculated.
The points of intersection of the 87 minimum pickup
(Address 1603) and Slope 1, and Slope 1 and Slope
2, must be known for the tests. Slope 1 goes
through the origin. Slope 2 intersects IREST at
Address 1607.
The intersection of Address 1603 and Slope 1is the
value of IREST at which Slope 1 begins to control 87
tripping. The intersection is found using this
equation:
Address 1603-Slope 1 Intersection =
Address 1603 in per unit
Address 1606

30. Click Close to close the Test Results dialog box.

PRCM-1108A-0199

47

7UT51 v3
The intersection of Slope 1 and Slope 2 is the value
of IREST at which Slope 2 begins to control 87 tripping
(Slope 2 > Slope 1). The intersection is found using
the equation:

5. Calculate Slope 1 as follows:

Slope 1-Slope 2 Intersection =

Let = angle in Step 2.


A = [M (M) x (cos )]
B = M x sin

(Address 1607)X(Address 1608) in per unit


(Address 1608 Address 1606)

Calculate [A + B ] where the 1/2 power means


the square root of the sum.

Assumed in the equation is Address 1608 > Address


1606. The settings ranges of Slope 1, Slope 2, and
the base point of Slope 2 (Address 1607) are such
that the lines may never intersect, or the lines may
be the same. The user should sketch the lines for
Slope 1 and Slope 2 if Address 1608 Address
1606, or if Address 1607 = 0.0. For any combination
of settings, at any given IREST, 87 tripping is based
on the least sensitive of: Address 1603 (minimum
pickup), Slope 1, or Slope 2.

Slope 1 =

With Address 1608 > Address 1606, and Address


1607 > 0.0, Test Slope 1 using a IREST between the
above two intersection points. Test Slope 2 using a
IREST greater than the intersection of Slope 1 and
Slope 2.
The slope tests (especially Slope 2) and the
through-fault restraint area test may require high
currents.
Note:

Do not exceed the current limitations of the


7UT51.

Test 15. Slope 1 (Lower Slope):


Address 1606
In Test 14, M = 1.5 to give IREST = (2 X M) = 3.0 per
unit. For most applications, IREST = 3.0 per unit falls
between the two intersection points discussed
above. If this is true, this test can be done now. If
3.0 per unit does not fall within the intersection
points, then M must first be adjusted accordingly.
Continuing with the through-fault simulation (Test
14):

2 1/2

2 1/2

[A + B ]
2xM

Expected Results:
The calculated Slope 1 should be within +/- 10% of
Address 1606.
Contact and target operations should be the same
as Test 1, or any test with 87 tripping.

Test 16. Slope 2 (Upper Slope):


Addresses 1607 and 1608
1. Select a new value of M such that IREST = 2 X M
is greater than the intersection of Slope 1 and
Slope 2. Be careful not to exceed the current
limitations of the 7UT51. Avoid (2 x M)
Address 1604 (87HS pickup). A value of 2.5 is
usually good for M in this test.
2. For Case 1, set the Source 1 current for [M x
INsecW1] at 0. For cases 2 and 3, set the Source
1 current for [M x 1.5 INsecW1] at 0.
3. For Case 1, set the Source 2 current for [M X
1.732 X INsecW2] at 0. For cases 2 and 3, set the
Source 2 current for [M X 0.866 X INsecW2] at 0.
4. Simultaneously apply both currents and verify 87
does not pickup.
5. Slowly increase the angle of one of the test
currents (either one, but not both) until 87 trips.
6. Record the angle.
7. Note the operations of the contacts and LEDs.
8. Turn Off the current. Set the changed currentangle to 0. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
9. Calculate Slope 2 as follows:

1. Slowly increase the angle of one of the test


currents (either one, but not both) until 87 trips.
2. Record the angle.
3. Note the operations of the contacts and LEDs.
4. Turn Off the current. Set the changed currentangle to 0. Reset the LEDs and LCD. Keep
the test connections for the next test.

48

Let = angle in Step 6.


A = [M (M) x (cos )]
B = M x sin
2

2 1/2

Calculate [A + B ] where the 1/2 power


means the square root of the sum.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Slope 2 =

2 1/2

[A + B ]
2xM

Expected Results:
The calculated Slope 2 should be within +/- 10% of
Address 1608.
Contact and target operations should be the same
as test 1, or any test with 87 tripping.
Test 17. Minimum Current for Through-Fault
Restraint Area: Address 1618

7. For Case 1, set Source 2 current for [(0.5 X


Address 1618) X 1.732 X INsecW2] at 0. For
cases 2 and 3, set Source 2 current for [(0.5 X
Address 1618) X 0.866 X INsecW2] at 0.
8. Set the timer to start on the application of the
current with the lower magnitude, and stop on
the closure of the contact from Trip Relay 1.
9. Turn On only the current with the lower
magnitude.
10. Turn Off the current and record the tripping time
of 87 plus contact.
11. Repeat steps 9 and 10 to obtain a pickup
timespread of 87 plus contact.

Even with the minimum Address 1618, this test is


likely to require high currents that exceed the
continuous current rating of the 7UT51.
Therefore, this test is optional.
If this test is performed, the current must be turned
On and quickly turned Off in about one second.
Do not leave high currents applied, permanent
damage could occur.
To test Address 1618, a change of the setting may
be necessary to keep the test current within the
limitations of the 7UT51.
Note: Use the 7UT51 connections from Test 14,
except replace the contact monitor with a
timer that starts on the application or removal
of test current, and stops on the closure of
the contact from Trip Relay 1.
1. Substitute the value [0.5 X Address 1618] for M
in steps 4 and 5 of Test 14.
2. Determine the higher magnitude of the two test
currents.
3. If the calculated current in Step 2 is greater than
20 amps (4 amps for a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp),
change Address 1618 to 5.00.
4. Set Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds.
5. Program LED 4 for m 5651 87-Diff prot.
Blocked by ext fault PhA, m 5652 87-Diff
prot. BLOCKED by ext fault PhB, and m
5653 87-Diff prot. Blocked by ext fault PhC.
6. For Case 1, set Source 1 current for [(0.5 X
Address 1618) X INsecW1] at 0. For cases 2 and
3, set Source 1 current for [(0.5 X Address 1618)
X 1.5 X INsecW1] at 0.

PRCM-1108A-0199

12. Temporarily disconnect the timer.


13. If either currents of Source 1 or Source 2 exceed
20 amps (4 amps for a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp),
the application of the currents in the next step
must be very brief (about 1 second).
14. Simultaneously apply both currents.
15. Turn Off both currents.
16. Note the state of LED 4, and reset if necessary.
If LED 4 is lit, the pickup for the through-faultrestraint area was met or exceeded.
17. Based on the state of LED 4 from Step 16,
adjust the currents up or down while they are
Off, and repeat steps 14-16 until the pickup
point is found for Address 1618. Both currents
must be adjusted by the same factor. This is
critical. Try factors such as 102%, 101%, 99%,
98%.
18. Record the currents at pickup from Step 17.
19. Set both Source 1 current and Source 2 current
for 110% to 120% of the values in Step 18.
20. Re-connect the timer.
21. Set the timer to start when the current with the
higher magnitude is turned Off, and stop when
the contact from Trip Relay 1 closes.
22. The current source providing more than 20
amps (4 amps) should be on only briefly (about
1 second) in the next step.
23. Simultaneously apply both currents.
24. Turn Off the higher magnitude current only.
25. Turn Off the lower current.
26. Be sure LED 4 is lit. If not, repeat steps 19-25
with slightly higher currents.
27. Record the value from the timer.
28. Record the LEDs and LCD, and reset them.

49

7UT51 v3
29. Set Addresses 1618 and 1625 to the original
values.
30. Program LED 4 for the original settings.
Expected Results:
The result of Step 17 is the tested value for Address
1618. To calculate the tested value:
Case 1:
Source 1 Current + Source 2 Current
INsecW1
1.732 X INsecW2
(in. per unit)

Case 2 or 3:
Source 1 Current + Source2 Current
1.5 X INsecW1
0.866 X INsecW2
(in. per unit)

The result should be within +/- 5% of Address 1618.


Steps 23-27 are a simulation of a close-in external
fault followed by an internal fault which maps onto
the IDIFF = IREST line in Figure 25. Since the internal
fault maps to this line, Address 1617 (discussed
below) is bypassed. Extra delay of 87 tripping is
added because the through-fault restraint picked up
before the fault. This extra delay of about 2 cycles
should be present in step 27. Subtract the tripping
times of 87 in Step 11 from the time in Step 27. The
result should equal 33.3 ms +/- 17 ms. The tripping
timespread of 87 and contact in Step 11 must be
considered, though the spread should be tight
because of the substantial fault current.
Contact and target operation for Step 11 should be
the same as for any 87 tripping: all trip contacts
should close, Signal Relays 1 and 2 should operate,
and LEDs 1 and 2 should light. The LCD should
display 87 Diff GenFlt and 87DiffGenTrip.
For Step 16, no contacts should operate, but the
LCD should display 87Diff GenFlt. LED 4 should
latch on when the through-fault restraint is pickedup.
The steps leading to Step 27 must be done quickly;
therefore, contact operation should not be checked.
At Step 27, the LEDs and LCD should be consistent
with Step 11, except LED 4 should be lit in addition.
Program Trip Relay 1, LED 2, and Address 1107 for
the Original Settings

Through-Fault Restraint Area Slope and


Maximum Duration of Through-Fault CTSaturation Restraint: Address 1617
Testing the slope associated with the through-fault
restraint area (Figure 25) is not recommended.
Such a test would likely result in the current
limitations of the 7UT51 being exceeded because of
the time that would be needed to find the slope line
of the area, by varying current phase angle, while
high currents would be applied.

Manual testing of the maximum duration of throughfault restraint is very complicated; therefore, a test
for Address 1617 is not included. The feature can
be tested with automated-test equipment. A
description of one possible automated-test is given
in the next paragraph for users wishing to test
Address 1617.
Program an LED, with memory, for events 5651,
5652, and 5653. The LED will indicate pickup of the
through-fault restraint. Program a trip relay for 5691,
87 tripping. Connect the 7UT51 as in test 17. Set
up a fault which maps above either Slope 1 or Slope
2, but not within [85% to 100%] of the IDIFF = IREST
line or above 87HS pickup. The fault currents
should be within the continuous current rating of the
7UT51. Set a timer to start on the application of the
fault, and stop on the closure of the trip contact.
Apply the fault, and record the tripping time of 87.
Repeat the fault a couple of times to obtain a range
of tripping times of 87 for the specific fault. Then,
set-up a two-stage fault event. For Stage 1,
simulate a through-fault that maps into the throughfault restraint area. Set the currents for about 120%
of the minimum values needed to enter the throughfault restraint area (120% of the results from Test
17). This ensures the through-fault restraint will pick
up. The duration of Stage 1 should be 2 cycles or
more. The only concern for the Stage 1 duration is
the current limits of the 7UT51. Stage 2 is the
aforementioned fault. Set the timer to start at the
beginning of stage 2, and stop when the trip contact
closes. The duration of Stage 2 should be Address
1617 plus 10 cycles. Apply the event. Be sure the
LED lights. Record the tripping time of 87.
Address 1617 is the setting of a timer that is armed
when the through-fault restraint picks up. The timer
begins to expire when the differential operating point
leaves the through-fault restraint area. Tripping of
87 is inhibited until the timer expires.
The tripping time of 87, determined before the twostage event, must be subtracted from the tripping
time recorded during the event, to obtain the tested

50

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
value for Address 1617. The accuracy of Address
1617 is +/- 1.02 cycles (timer accuracy included).
The pickup timespread of 87 must be considered.

Test 18. Status Control - Differential Elements:


Discrete Inputs, Address 1601
If the operational status of the differential protection
is controlled by a discrete input(s), the tests above
can be used, with the input in the opposite state, to
verify the control is functioning. Also, if multiple sets
of protection settings are used, and Address 1601 is
Off or Block Tripping in any of these sets, the tests
above can be used to verify proper operation of the
differential protection.
Most of the events in a 7UT51 pertaining to the
differential protection are associated with 87 and
87HS. The check of the control of 87 and 87HS can
be done with one test, in which enough current is
injected to pickup both 87 and 87HS. Steps 1-8 of
Test 6, with 87 tripping enabled (Address 1625 not
equal to infinity) and the timer eliminated (times are
not important in checking the basic control of the
inputs), would be sufficient. Alternatively, the user
could use other tests above, or new tests, to check
the control.
A smaller number of the events pertaining to the
differential protection involve harmonic restraint and
the through-fault restraint area. Variations of the
above tests, or new tests, can be run to check the
control.
Expected Results:
Address 1601 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 5603 >87 Block Differential
Protection - before the differential protection has
operated should have similar effects. Either
should effectively render the differential protection
non-existent. Events associated with the differential
protection should be prevented from driving contacts
or LEDs. The LCD should not indicate any
differential operation.
With the exception of the six events associated with
harmonic and through-fault restraint, the differential
events should not be affected by Event 5603 if the
latter occurs after the former is activated. For
example, if events associated with 87 are driving trip
contacts, signal contacts, and LEDs, and then Event
5603 is applied, the contacts and LEDs should

PRCM-1108A-0199

remain operated. Event 5603 should, in a sense, be


ignored.
The events associated with harmonic restraint are
events 5641-5643. Events 5651-5653 apply to
through-fault restraint. They are described below.
Event 5631 (also covered below) is usually active
when any of the restraint events are occurring. If
Event 5603 occurs after the restraint events and
Event 5631 is activated, the latter should be blocked
when the former occurs. Tripping should not then
result because the restraint should prevent tripping
before Event 5603, and Event 5603 should prevent
tripping thereafter.
If Event 5631 is active during 87 or 87HS tripping,
and then Event 5603 occurs, Event 5631 should
remain active. The event should only go away if the
differential protection is restrained before Event
5603 occurs.
If Event 5603 is applied first, and then a fault or
transformer inrush is simulated, the differential
features should be blocked as mentioned. However,
if Event 5603 is removed while the fault or inrush is
still present, the differential protection should then
operate as normal. In other words, all of the events
associated with the differential protection should be
free to operate trip relays, signal relays, and LEDs.
If tripping results before Event 5603 occurs, or if
Event 5603 is released and then tripping occurs, the
LCD should display 87Diff GenFlt and
87DiffGenTrip.
Address 1601 = Block Tripping and Event 5605 >87
Blk Differential Prot Trip Signal if applied
before a differential operation should have similar
effects. Either should prevent events 5671-5674,
5691, and 5692 (described below) from operating
trip relays. Also, Event 0511 General Trip of the
Relay should not occur from the differential
protection. However, events 5621, 5622, and 5631
(described below) should be capable of operating
trip contacts. All of the events below should be free
to operate signal relays or LEDs.

5621 87Differential unit pickup


5622 87HS Diff prot unit picked-up
5631 87Diff prot: General fault detection
5641 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by harmonics PhA
5642 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by harmonics PhB
5643 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by harmonics PhC
5651 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by ext fault PhA
5652 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by ext fault PhB
5653 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by ext fault PhC

51

7UT51 v3

5671 87Diff protection: General trip


5672 87Diff protection: Trip PhA
5673 87Diff protection: Trip PhB
5674 87Diff protection: Trip PhC
5681 87Diff protection: PhA (w/o Time dly)
5682 87Diff protection: PhB (w/o Time dly)
5683 87Diff protection: PhC (w/o Time dly)
5684 87HSDiff protect: PhA (w/o Time dly)
5685 87HSDiff protect: PhB (w/o Time dly)
5686 87HSDiff protect: PhC (w/o Time dly)
5691 87 Diff protection: Trip
5692 87HS Diff protection: Trip

If any of the above events are active before Event


5605 occurs, they should continue to operate trip
contacts, signal contacts, and LEDs, after Event
5605. Event 5605 should essentially be ignored.
If (1) Event 5605 is first activated, (2) a fault or
restraint condition is applied, and then (3) Event
5605 is de-activated while Stage 2 is still applied,
events 5671-5674, 5691, and 5692 should remain
blocked from operating trip contacts. The events
should continue to operate signal relays and LEDs.
All other events above should be unaffected by
Event 5605.
The LCD should display 87Diff GenFlt when Event
5605 is applied before the fault. The same display
should result if Event 5605 is applied before the
fault, and is then de-activated while the fault is still
present. The LCD should be unchanged if Event
5605 occurs after the fault.

52

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Thermal Overload Protection
(49-1 and 49-2)

Test Equipment

IA

I1

The two thermal overload protective elements (49-1


and 49-2) are independent.
Address 7824 determines the winding or virtual
object that 49-1 protects. If Address 7824 is
DISABLED, 49-1 is non-existent. Address 2401
determines the status of 49-1. The element is
operational for any Address 2401 except Off.

or
I1

Timer

Notes about Testing 49-1 and 49-2


Testing of 49-1 and 49-2 may cause operations of
87, 87HS, 50/51, and 50HS. If this occurs,
Addresses 1601 and 2101 can be set to OFF to
disable the differential elements and backup
overcurrent elements. After testing 49-1 and 49-2,
these addresses must be reset to the desired
values.
Address 2406 is important for testing 49-1. If
Address 2406 = Average \T, this procedure requires
that a single current source be connected to inject
current in all three phases associated with the
winding or object. If Address 2406 = [Theta MAX]
or [\T @ Imax], then current injection into any one
phase is sufficient.
The same comments for Address 2406 apply to
Address 2506, which is associated with 49-2.
The same 7UT51 connections can be used for all of
the 49 tests. Figure 26 shows the connections for
the following example. Element 49-1 is protecting
Winding 1 using either the maximum calculated
temperature for each phase current (Address 2406 =
Theta MAX) or the calculated temperature based on
the highest phase current (Address 2406 = \T @
Imax). Element 49-2 is protecting Winding 2 using
the average of the calculated temperatures of the
phases.

IB
IC

Start I1
On

Ia
Ib

Stop
Ic

Example
Connections

Address 7825 determines the winding or virtual


object that 49-2 protects. If Address 7825 is
DISABLED, 49-2 is Non-Existent. Address 2501
determines the status of 49-2. The element is
operational for any Address 2501 except Off.

7UT51 Relay

Only

Signal
Contact 1

8B1
7B1
W1
49-1
Signal
Contact 2 8B2
7B2
W2
49-2 Trip
Contact 1 5B1
5B2

Contact
Monitor

Ia
Ib
Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 26: Test Connections for Testing 49-1


and 49-2
First identify the applicable winding for current
injection. Then, based on Address 2406 or Address
2506, connect the winding phases for either singlephase or three phase current injection.
Settings for Trip Relays, Signal Relays, and
LEDs for All 49 Tests
Apply these settings now. If only one 49 is being
tested, the events for the other element are not
needed.
LED 2 = nm 1571 49-TRIP by thermal O/L
protection 1 (nm means no memory)
= nm 1621 49-TRIP by thermal O/L
protection 2 (nm means no memory)
LED 3 = nm 1566 49-Thermal O/L prot.1: Thermal
warning
= nm 1616 49-Thermal O/L prot.2: Thermal
warning
LED 4 = nm 1565 49-Thermal O/L prot.1: Current
warning
= nm 1615 49-Thermal O/L prot.2: Current
warning

For the example, this procedure requires current be


injected in all three phases of Winding 2 to test 49-2.
Current injection for Winding 1 can be either singlephase or include all three phases (single-phase is
shown for simplicity).

PRCM-1108A-0199

53

7UT51 v3
Signal Relay 1 = 1565 49-Thermal O/L prot.1:
Current warning
= 1615 49-Thermal O/L prot.2: Current warning

open. The LCD should not give an indication of the


event.
Notes about 49 Trip Times and Alarm Times

Signal Relay 2 = 1566 49-Thermal O/L prot.1:


Thermal warning = 1616 49-Thermal O/L prot.2:
Thermal warning
Trip Relay 1 = 1571 49-TRIP by thermal O/L
protection 1 = 1621 49-TRIP by thermal O/L
protection 2
Test 19. Warning, Overload Current: Address
2405 (49-1) and 2505 (49-2)

The tests below require that there be no preload


before 49 temperature warnings and 49 tripping are
tested. aWithout preload, the trip time of 49 is
calculated as such:
Let a1 = Address 2402 X INsecWx
I1

Address 2402 X IObjsec (for 49-1)


I1
Let a2 = Address 2502 X INsecWx
I1

Connect the 7UT51 using the example and the


accompanying Figure 26. The timer is not needed
for this test.
49-1 Current Warning:
1. The alarm should occur near
[Address 2405 X INsecWx ]

OR

OR

Address 2502 X IObjsec (for 49-2)


I1

where I1 is the test current (Figure 26)


a1 and a2 must be less than 1 (I1 > Address X I
rated)

or

49-1 Ttrip =Address 2403 X ln [1 (a1) ]

[Address 2405 X IObjsec].

49-2 Ttrip =Address 2503 X in [1 (a2) ]

Slowly increase the current until LED 4 lights


and the contact of Signal Relay 1 closes.
Record the current.

where ln is the natural log.

2. Slowly decrease the current until LED 4 goes


out and the Signal Relay 1 contact opens.
Record the current.

The natural log will be negative for a < 1. Ignore this


by taking the absolute value of the number, then
multiplying by Address 2403 or 2503.

3. Turn Off the current, note the LCD display, and


reset the targets.

Note: Address 2403 and 2503 are in minutes.

49-2 Current Warning:

The time for a 49 warning based on temperature rise


is calculated as such (no preload):

Follow steps 1-3 using Address 2505 in Step 1.

49-1 Twarn =Address 2403 X ln [1 {Address 2404


2
in decimal formatX(a1) }]

Expected Results:
The 49-1 current warning should occur within +/3% of [Address 2405 X INsecWx] or [Address 2405 X
IObjsec]. This applies for 49-2 also, using Address
2505.
The 49 warning should dropout at a current between
[95% and 99%] of the actual current at pickup.
For the default settings and the changes made,
LED 4 should light and the contact of Signal Relay 1
should close when the 49 current warning occurs.
At dropout, the LED should go out and the contact

54

49-1 Twarn 49-1 Ttrip X Address 2404 in decimal


format
49-2 Twarn= Address 2503 X ln [1 {Address 2504
2
in decimal formatX(a2) }]
49-2 Twarn 49-2 Ttrip X Address 2504 in decimal
format
For any group of 49 settings, the trip time decreases
as the test current increases. The maximum test

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
current for the tests below is 20 amps (4 amps for a
7UT51 rated for 1 amp). Using this current,
calculate 49 Ttrip now. Also estimate 49 Twarn.

5. Apply the current.

Testing the 49 elements with the desired, in-service


settings is strongly recommended. However, if
those settings would result in unpractical warning
and trip times, decrease Address 2403 or 2503. The
recommended minimum 49 warning time if setting
changes are made is about two minutes, giving a
trip time of [two-three] minutes. If the desired
settings result in warning times faster than two
minutes, do not change the settings.

7. Turn off the current after the alarm but before


the trip. If the trip occurs, there is no problem.
Turning Off the current before the trip saves
time in reading the LCD.

6. Observe the LEDs and the Signal Relay 1


contact during the tests.

8. Record the value from the timer.


9. Record the LEDs and LCD, and reset.
10. Follow Step 1 if any other testing is done.
49-2 Temperature Warning

The 7UT51 continually calculates the temperature


rise of the winding or object. Therefore, prior testing
or loading of the 7UT51 will make the test results
below unpredictable unless the temperature rise is
forced to zero. Changing Address 2401 (2501) to
Off, waiting at least one minute, and then resetting
Address 2401 (2501) to the desired setting
accomplish this.
Note: These steps must be done before, and
between, all tests for 49 warning times and
49 trip times.
Test 20. Warning, Temperature: Addresses 2404,
2403 and 2402 (49-1) ; Addresses 2504, 2503, and
2502 (49-2)

Connect the 7UT51 using the example and the


accompanying Figure 26. The timer is used with the
Signal Relay 2 contact in this test.

Follow steps 1-10 for 49-1, except use Address


2501 in steps 1 and 4, Address 2502 in Step 2, and
49-2 Twarn in Step 2.
Expected Results
The warning alarm should occur within the larger of
+/- 12% or +/- 2 seconds of the calculated 49 Twarn.
With the default settings and the changes made,
LED 4 should light and the contact of Signal Relay 1
should close several seconds after the application of
current (the actual time is not important). When the
temperature warning occurs, LED 3 and Signal
Relay 2 should operate. If 49 does not trip, no other
target or contact operations should occur. The LCD
should show 49 O/L1 PU or 49 O/L2 PU . LED
3 and Signal Relay 2 should not reset immediately
after the current is Off. The 7UT51 will calculate the
temperature as still being above the alarm point,
until a cool-down period occurs.

49-1 Temperature Warning:


1. Set Address 2401 = Off. Wait at least one
minute with this setting. Set up the test during
the wait.
2. Any Source 1 current magnitude between {[1.2
X Address 2402 X INsecWx] or [1.2 X Address
2402 X IObjsec]} and 20 amps (4 amps) can be
used. The alarm time decreases as the current
increases. The following is recommended. If
49-1Twarn < 2 minutes for a current of 20 amps (4
amps), lower the current to get a warning time of
about 2 minutes. Otherwise, use a current
magnitude of 20 amps (4 amps).
3. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the Signal
Relay 2 contact.
4. Set Address 2401 for the desired setting.

PRCM-1108A-0199

55

7UT51 v3
Test 21. 49 Tripping: Addresses 2402 and
2403 (49-1), 2502 and 2503 (49-2)

Perform this test for 49-1 only if Address 2401 =


On.
Perform this test for 49-2 only if Address 2501 =
On.

Connect the 7UT51 using the example and the


accompanying Figure 26. Connect the contact of
Trip Relay 1 to the timer.
49-1 Tripping
1. Set Address 2401 = Off. Wait at least one
minute with this setting. Set up the test during
the wait.
2. If Test 20 was done, use the same Source 1
current. Otherwise, any Source 1 current
magnitude between {[1.2 X Address 2402 X
INsecWx ] or [1.2 X Address 2402 X IObjsec]} and 20
amps (4 amps) can be used. The trip time
decreases as current increases. The following
is recommended. If 49-1 Ttrip < two minutes for
a current of 20 amps (4 amps), lower the current
to get a trip time of about two minutes. If 49-1
Ttrip > two minutes for a current of 20 amps (4
amps), use this maximum current.
3. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip
Relay 1 contact.

Expected Results
The trip time should occur within the larger of +/12% or +/- 2 seconds of the calculated 49-1 Ttrip
or 49-2 Ttrip.
After several seconds of the current application (the
actual time is not important), LED 4 should light and
the contact of Signal Relay 1 should close. The
warning should occur at about the same time as in
test 20 if the same test current is used. LED 3 and
Signal Relay 2 should operate. At tripping, with the
default settings and the changes made, all of the trip
contacts should close, contacts of Signal Relays 1,
2, 6 and 7 should be toggled, and LEDs 1, 2, 3, 4,
and 9 (49-1) or 10 (49-2) should be lit. When the
current is turned Off, the contact of Signal Relay 1
should open and LED 4 should go out. After some
time perhaps minutes the trip contacts should
open, Signal Relay 6 should reset, and LED 2
should go out (the 7UT51 is still calculating
temperature with the current off). Later, LED 3
should go out and Signal Relays 2 and 7 should
reset. The other LEDs have memory. The LCD
should display 49 O/L1 PU and 49 O/L1 TRIP, or
49 O/L2 PU and 49 O/L2 TRIP, after LED 2 goes
out (49 trip resets).

Test 22. Status Control of 49 Elements:


Discrete Inputs or Addresses 2401
and 2501

4. Set Address 2401 = On.


5. Apply the current.
6. Observe the LEDs and the Signal Relay 1
contact during the test.
7. Turn Off the current, after a trip, as soon as
practical. This will save time in reading the LCD.
8. Record the value from the timer.
9. Record the LEDs. Wait for the LCD and record.
Reset.
10. Follow Step 1 if any other testing is done.
49-2 Tripping
Follow steps 1-10 for 49-1 tripping except use
Address 2501 in steps 1 and 4, Address 2502 in
Step 2, and 49-2 Ttrip in Step 2.

If the operational status of a 49 element is controlled


by a discrete input(s), Test 21 can be done twice,
with the input state changed between the two tests,
to verify the control is functioning. Also, if multiple
sets of protection settings are used, and in any of
those sets Address 2401 or Address 2501 has a
setting other than one that has already been tested,
Test 21 can done to verify proper operation of the 49
elements.
For this Test 22, ignore the conditional statements at
the beginning of test 21 concerning Addresses 2401
and 2501. Test 21 is the most comprehensive test
in this section; therefore, the test is the best one to
perform to check status control.
Expected Results:
Address 2401 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 1553 >49-BLOCK thermal O/L
Protection 1 should have similar effects. Either
should effectively render 49-1 non-existent.

56

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
If Event 1553 is initially blocking 49-1, and then the
input state is changed while current is still present
above [Address 2402 X INsecWx (or IObjsec)], 49-1
should begin to time-out at the instant of the input
transition. The element should trip if the current is
present long enough, but the trip time may not be
within the specifications given for Test 21. The trip
time from input transition may be longer than the
specification.
If Event 1553 occurs while 49-1 is timing out, but not
tripped, the element should be immediately blocked
at the event occurrence. Any LEDs or signal relays
that operate before the event should immediately
reset when the event occurs. The coming of Event
1553 after a 49-1 trip should do nothing initially. The
7UT51 should remain in a trip state until 49-1
tripping drops out. Then the event should cause the
immediate going of Event 1566 (thermal warning
LED 3). Without Event 1553, Event 1566 would stay
active for a long time until the calculated
temperature fell below 99% of the thermal alarm
pickup value.
Address 2501 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 1603 >49-BLOCK thermal O/L
protection 2 should have similar effects. Either
should effectively render 49-2 non-existent. The
action described in the two paragraphs immediately
above should apply for Event 1603 and 49-2.
Address 2401 = Block Tripping and an input
causing the coming of Event 1555 >49-BLOCK trip
of thermal O/L prot 1, before a 49-1 trip, should
have similar effects. Either should prevent Event
1571 from operating trip relays. All of the 49-1
events (including Event 1571) should be uninhibited
in operating LEDs and Signal Relays. The LCD
should show 49 O/L1 PU after the going of Event
1571 (LED 2).
If Event 1555 blocks 49-1 tripping, and then the
input changes to cause the going of Event 1555
while the calculated temperature is still above the
trip threshold (LED 2 is lit), the trip relays should
remain blocked. The LCD should display 49 O/L1
PU after LED 2 goes out.
Applying Event 1555 while 49-1 is timing out, but not
tripped, should have the same effect as applying the
event before 49-1 begins to time out.

The LCD should read 49 O/L1 PU and 49 O/L1


TRIP.
Address 2501 = Block Tripping and an input causing
the coming of Event 1605 >49-BLOCK trip of
thermal O/L prot.2, before a 49-2 trip, should have
similar effects. Either should prevent Event 1621
from operating trip relays. All of the 49-2 events
(including Event 1621) should be uninhibited in
operating LEDs and signal relays. The LCD should
show 49 O/L2 PU after the going of Event 1621
(LED 2). The action described in the three
paragraphs immediately above should apply for
events 1605 and 49-2.
Address 2401 = Alarm Only and an input causing
the coming of Event 1554 >49-Event only from
thermal O/L prot. 1, before a 49-1 trip, should have
similar effects. Either should prevent Event 1571
from operating trip relays, signal relays, or LEDs. All
other events associated with 49-1 should be free to
operate LEDs and signal relays.
If Event 1554 prevents Event 1571 from operating,
and then the input for Event 1554 is changed while
the calculated temperature is above the trip
threshold (as indicated by Event 1567 49-Therm
O/L prot.1: Pickup), Event 1571 should still remain
blocked from operating trip contacts, signal contacts,
and LEDs.
Applying Event 1554 while 49-1 is timing out, but not
tripped, should have the same effect as applying the
event before 49-1 begins to time out.
Applying Event 1554 after 49-1 has tripped should
do nothing. The 7UT51 should remain in a tripped
state.
Address 2501 = Alarm Only and an input causing
the coming of Event 1604 >49-Event only from
thermal O/L prot. 2, before a 49-2 trip, should have
similar effects. Either should prevent Event 1621
from operating trip relays, signal relays, or LEDs. All
other events associated with 49-2 should be free to
operate LEDs and signal relays. The action
described in the three paragraphs immediately
above should apply for Event 1604 and 49-2. (Event
1617 49-Therm O/L prot.2: Pickup indicates the
temperature is above the trip threshold.)

Applying Event 1555 after 49-1 has tripped should


do nothing. The 7UT51 should remain in a trip state.

PRCM-1108A-0199

57

7UT51 v3
Reset 7UT51 for Desired Settings
Program Trip Relay 1, Signal Relays 1 and 2, and
LED 2, 3, and 4 for the desired settings. If 49
warning or trip times were decreased for testing
purposes, reset Addresses 2403 and 2503 to the
original settings. Be sure Addresses 2401 and 2501
have the proper settings. Reset any other
addresses changed for testing purposes.
External Trip Functions
(External trips 1 and 2) and
Other Discrete Input Functions
These two External Trip functions are independent.
The existence of External Trip Function 1 is
determined by Address 7830. The status of the
function is determined by Address 3001. The
function is operational when Address 7830 =
Existent and Address 3001 is any setting other than
Off. A discrete input must be programmed for Event
4526 >External Trip 1.

Signal Relay 2 = LED 3


= 4536 External Trip 1: General fault
detect
(nm for LED)
= 4556 External Trip 2: General fault
detect
(nm for LED)
Signal Relay 3 = LED 4
= 4526 External trip 1
(nm for LED)
= 4546 External trip 2
(nm for LED)

7UT51 Test Connections All External Trip


Function Tests
7UT513
I
A
I
B

The existence of External Trip Function 2 is


determined by Address 7831. The status of the
function is determined by Address 3101. The
function is operational when Address 7831 =
Existent and Address 3101 is any setting other than
Off. A discrete input must be programmed for Event
4546 >External Trip 2.

I
C
I
a
I
b

Current

I
c

Inputs

I
a'
I
b'
I
c'
I
Na

Optional Programming for all External Trip


Function Tests
The settings needed for each test are given in the
steps of the test. The settings in this part are not
required, but they allow for a more complete check
of the External Trip functions. Enter these settings
now if operations of LEDs and signal relays, by the
External Trip functions, are desired.
If only one External Trip function is to be tested, do
not include the events for the other function.

I
Nb

Switc
h

3A1
3A2
2A1
2A2
1A1
1A2
3B1
3B2
2B1
2B2
1B1
1B2
3D1
3D2
2C1
2C2
1C1
1C2
2D1
2D2
1D1
1D2

+ 8A2
- 8A1

Trip

T1

Contact T2
Outputs

T3

D1

+ 8A4
D2
- 8A3
+ 8D2
D3 Discrete
- 8D1
+ 8D4
Inputs
D4
- 8D3
+ 7D2
D5
- 7D1
+ 4B1 DC
Power
- 4B2
DC
Supply
Gnd

Communications
In
Gnd 4A2

6A2
6A1
6A3

Contact
Monitor
Stop
Start
Timer

Signal
Contact
Outputs

Relay
Status S5
Outputs

Communications
Out

RX 4A1

Signal Relay 1 = LED 2


= 4537 External trip 1: General
TRIP
(no memory for LED)
= 4557 External trip 2: General
TRIP
(nm for LED)

5B1
5B2
5B3
5B4
5A1
5A2
5A3
5A4
6D1
6D2
6D3
6D4
5D1
5D2
5D3
5D4
6B1
8B1 S1
7B1
6B2
8B2 S2
7B2
6B3
8B3 S3
7B3
6B4
8B4 S4
7B4
4D1
4D2 S6
4D3
4D4 S7
4C1
3C1 S8
4C2
4C4 S9
3C3
3C2 S10
3C4
7D3
7D4 S11

4A3 TX
RS-232 Wire

4A4 Gnd

Or

F-SMA 4A1
RX

Fiber Optic

4A2 F-SMA
TX

Figure 27: Tests 23 25 Connection Diagram


Figure 27 shows the connections of the 7UT51 for
tests 23-25. Observe polarity for the connections.
The contact monitor is used first to check contacts.
The timer is used later. Instructions are given in the
tests as to when the timer should be turned On.

58

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3

Test 23. External Trips, Function Test


and Trip-Time Delay: Addresses 3002 (Trip 1)
and 3102 (Trip 2)

Perform this test for External Trip Function 1 only if


Address 3001 = On and an input is programmed for
Event 4526 >External Trip 1.
Perform this test for External Trip Function 2 only if
Address 3101 = On and an input is programmed for
Event 4546 >External Trip 2.
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 27. Start
with the sensor monitoring the contact of Trip
Relay 1. The timer is turned on later in the test.
External Trip Function 1:
1. Program Discrete Input 1 for Event 4526
>External Trip 1 act.HI. The event can be set
for act.LO as well. Event 4537 External Trip 1:
General TRIP.
2. If Address 3002 is not 0.00 seconds, program
Trip Relay 2 for Event 4536 External Trip 1:
General Fault Detect. Otherwise, disregard
this step.
3. Monitor a contact of Trip Relay 1 with an
ohmmeter or sensor.
4. Apply (or remove) DC voltage to Input 1 to
activate Event 4526.
5. Note the response of the trip contacts, signal
contacts, and LEDs.

External Trip Function 2:


Follow steps 1-14 for External Trip Function 1,
except use:
Event 4546 >External trip 2 act.HI in steps 1
and 5.
Event 4557 External trip 2: General TRIP in
Step 2.
Event 4556 External trip 2: General Fault
Detect in Step 3.
Address 3102 in steps 3 and 9.
Expected Results:
The optional programming is assumed below.
The result of Step 5 should be the operation of Trip
Relay 1 (and 2 if programmed), signal relays 1-3,
and LEDs 1-4. LED 1 should light because of the
default setting, Event 0511 General trip of the
relay. Depending on Address 3002 (3102), the
delay between the input and tripping may be
noticeable. When the input is changed in Step 7,
the contacts and LEDs should reset, except for
LED 1, which has memory. The LCD should read
Ext1 Gen.Flt and Ext1 Gen.TRIP or Ext2 Gen.Flt
and Ext2 Gen.Trip.
The value from the timer in Step 12 is the direct,
tested value of Address 3002 or Address 3102. The
tested value should be within the larger of +/- 3% or
+/- 13 ms of Address 3002 or Address 3102. The
timer should not stop if the address being tested has
a value of infinite seconds (+*).

6. Remove (or apply) the DC from Input 1.


7. Note the response of the trip contacts, signal
contacts, LEDs, and LCD.
8. If Address 3002 = 0.00 seconds, reset the
targets, and end the test. Otherwise, continue.
9. Turn on the timer. Set the timer to start on the
closure of the contact of Trip Relay 2, and stop
on the closure of the contact of Trip Relay 1.
10. Apply (or remove) DC voltage to Input 1.
11. Record the value from the timer.
12. Remove (or apply) DC voltage from Input 1.
13. Reset LEDs and LCD.

PRCM-1108A-0199

The effects of Address 3002 and Address 3102 can


be seen using the Network Disturbances option in
the WinDIGSI software. Obtain dialog with the
7UT51. Click on Annunciation, then
Annunciations Edit. Select Network
Disturbances, and Display. Display an event
associated with the testing. Subtract the time for
Event 4536 (4556) from the time for Event 4537
(4557) to get the delay caused by Address 3002
(3102).
The same contacts and LEDs that operate in step 5
should operate in Step 11. The LCD in Step 13
should be the same as well. The only exception is if
Address 3002 or Address 3102 equals infinite
seconds. In this case, Trip Relay 1, Signal Relay 1,
and LEDs 1 and 2 should not operate. The LCD
should read Ext1 Gen.Flt or Ext2 Gen.Flt.

59

7UT51 v3

Test 24. Status Control of External Trips:


Discrete Inputs, Address 3001 (Trip 1)
and Address 3101 (Trip 2)

If the operational status of either External Trip


function can be controlled by a discrete input, Test
23 can be done twice, with the input state changed
between tests, to verify the control is functioning.
Also, if multiple sets of protection settings are used,
and Address 3001 or Address 3101 is Off or Block
Tripping in any of these sets, Test 23 can be done
with these settings to verify proper operation of the
External Trip functions. (Disregard the conditional
statements given at the beginning of Test 23.)
Expected Results:
Address 3001 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 4523 >BLOCK External Trip 1
should have similar effects. Either should effectively
make External Trip Function 1 non-existent. Event
4526 (which provides the status of the input
programmed to the event) should be free to operate
LEDs or signal relays, but the LCD should not show
any indication of External Trip Function 1
operations (default settings).
If Event 4523 is blocking External Trip Function 1,
and then the event is released while the External
Trip is still applied, all events associated with
External Trip Function 1 should be free to operate
trip relays, signal relays, and LEDs. The LCD
should show Ext1 GenFlt and Ext1 Gen.TRIP.

Address 3001 = Block Tripping and an input


causing the coming of Event 4525 >BLOCK trip
signal of External Trip 1, applied before an
External Trip Function 1 trip occurs, should have
similar effects. Either should block Event 4537 from
operating trip relays. Event 4536 should be free to
operate trip relays, and all events of External Trip
Function 1 (including Event 4537) should be
uninhibited in operating signal relays and LEDs.
The LCD should read Ext1 Gen.Flt after the input
for External Trip Function 1 is removed.
If Event 4525 is blocking Event 4537, and then
Event 4525 is removed while the input for External
Trip Function 1 is still applied, Event 4537 should
remain blocked from operating trip contacts. The
LCD should show Ext1 Gen.Flt.
Applying Event 4525 after External Trip Function 1
has tripped should do nothing. The event should be
ignored.
Address 3101 = Block Tripping and an input
causing the coming of Event 4545 >BLOCK trip
signal of External Trip 2, applied before an
External Trip Function 2 trip occurs, should have
similar effects. Either should block Event 4557 from
operating trip relays. Event 4556 should be free to
operate trip relays, and all events of External Trip
Function 2 (including Event 4557) should be
uninhibited in operating signal relays and LEDs.
The LCD should read Ext2 Gen.Flt after the input
for External Trip Function 2 is removed. The two
paragraphs immediately above should also apply to
Event 4545 and External Trip Function 2.

Applying Event 4523 after External Trip Function 1


has tripped should do nothing. The event should be
essentially ignored. The 7UT51 should remain in a
tripped state.
Address 3101 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 4543 >BLOCK External Trip 2
should have similar effects. Either should effectively
make External Trip Function 2 non-existent. Event
4546 (which provides the status of the input
programmed to the event) should be free to operate
LEDs or signal relays, but the LCD should not show
any indication of External Trip Function 2
operations. The two paragraphs immediately above
should also apply to Event 4543 and External Trip
Function 2.

60

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3

Test 25. Trip Dropout-Time of External Trips:


Addresses 3003 (Trip 1)
and 3103 (Trip 2)

External Trip Function 2

Perform this test for External Trip Function 1 only


if Address 3001 = On, an input is programmed for
Event 4526, and Address 3003 is not 0.00
seconds.

Event 4557 External trip 2: General TRIP in


Step 2.

Perform this test for External Trip Function 2 only if


Address 3101 = On, an input is programmed for
Event 4546, and Address 3103 is not 0.00
seconds.

Address 3102 in steps 4 and 10.

Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 27. Turn On


the timer now.
External Trip Function 1
2. Program Discrete Input 1 for Event 4526
>External trip 1 act.HI. The event can be set
for act.LO if desired.
3. Program Trip Relay 1 for Event 4537 External
trip 1: General TRIP.
4. Program Trip Relay 2 for Event 4536 External
trip 1: General fault detect.
5. Set Address 3002 either much greater than, or
much less than, Address 3003. The reason for
this step is trip delay times may be measured in
this test along with the targeted trip dropout
times. This depends on the timer being used.
With the addresses set very differently,
measurements of the dropout time should not be
confused with those of the trip time, should
several trials be run.
6. Set the timer to start when the contact of Trip
Relay 2 opens, and stop when the contact of
Trip Relay 1 opens.
7. Apply (or remove) DC voltage to Input 1 until
Trip Relay 1 operates.

Follow steps 1-11 for External Trip Function 1,


except use:
Event 4546 >External trip 2 act.HI in Step 1.

Event 4556 External Trip 2: General Fault Detect


in Step 3.

Expected Results
The value from the timer in step 9 is the direct,
tested value for Address 3003 or Address 3103.
The tested value should be within the larger of +/3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 3003 or Address 3103.
Operations of the contacts and targets should be
consistent with test 23.
Reset 7UT51 for Desired Settings
Program Trip Relay 1 and 2, Signal Relays 1, 2, and
3, LEDs 2, 3, and 4, and Discrete Input 1 for the
desired settings. Reset any other addresses
changed during testing to the original settings.

Test 26. Verification of Other Discrete Input


Functions
If any of the discrete input events 0003 though 0393,
excluding Event 0356, is being used, the function
should be verified at this time. Apply (or remove)
DC voltage to the input(s) and observe the results.
The other discrete input functions of interest have
been, or will be, checked elsewhere in the
procedure.

8. Reset the timer if necessary, disregarding any


reading.
9. Remove (or apply) the DC from Input 1.
10. Record the value from the timer.
11. Set Address 3002 for the original setting.
12. Reset targets.

PRCM-1108A-0199

61

7UT51 v3
Time Overcurrent Backup Protection
50/51 and 50HS
Overcurrent protection is existent and operational
when settings other than Disabled and Off are
selected for Addresses 7821 and 2101, respectively.
Notes about Testing Overcurrent Protection
The overcurrent backup protection consists of two
elements: 50/51 and 50HS. The 50/51 element can
be either a 50 or a 51. Both 50 and 50HS can have
no intentional delay, a definite time trip delay, or an
infinite delay (trip defeated). The 51 can have
various inverse time characteristics with selectable
time dials, or an infinite delay.

Test 27. Pickup and Dropout of 50/51:


Address 2112 or 2114
7UT51 Relay

Test Equipment

I1

Connect to
one phase
of winding
associated
with
50/51/50HS

IA
IB

The characteristic (either 50 or 51) of 50/51 is


selected in Address 2111. The pickup current and
time delay for each characteristic are selected with
different addresses. While the pickup and delay
settings for the inactive characteristic appear in
WINDIGSI, they should be ignored. Only the
settings for the active characteristic are used by the
7UT51. For example, if 51 is selected, pickup and
time delay settings for 50 to appear. These settings
should be ignored.
The setting for Address 7821 determines the
winding or object that 50/51 and 50HS monitor.
Note: The addresses associated with the pickup
currents of 50/51 and 50HS are multiples of
the rated current of the winding or monitored
object: INsecWx or IObjsec.
Without setting modifications, 87 operations are
likely to occur during testing of 50/51 and 50HS,
unless the overcurrent elements are protecting a
virtual object. Operations of a 49 element could
occur as well. To prevent unwanted operations of
87 or 49, change addresses 1601, 2401 (49-1) and
2501 (49-2) to Off while testing the overcurrent
elements. Reset the addresses to the original
settings after the testing is complete.

62

W1

8B1

Contact
Monitor
(optional)

IC
Ia
Ib

W2

Ic
Ia
Ib

Both 50/51 and 50HS measure the currents in each


phase of the winding or object. Both elements will
respond quickest to the highest phase current;
therefore, the elements can be tested with singlephase current injection.

Signal
Contact 1 7B1

Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 28: Test 27 Connection Diagram


Connect the current source to one phase of the
winding being monitored by 50/51, as indicated in
Figure 28.
The LEDs and contacts may not be programmed to
operate for only the pickup of 50/51. This is true for
the default programming. There are several
programming options to obtain indication of just the
pickup of 50/51. To minimize reprogramming, the
recommendation is to set one LED for Event 2422
nm only (nm is needed to test dropout), and test by
visual indication of the LED. The procedure is
written for this recommendation. If contact operation
is desired, a signal contact can be programmed for
Event 2422. A trip contact can be programmed for
Event 2411, but 50/51 must have a lower pickup
current than 50HS.
1. Program LED 4 for only Event nm 2422 BU
50/51 Phase O/C fault det.
2. Slowly increase the current from 0 A until LED 4
lights. Record the pickup current.
3. Slowly reduce the current until the LED 4 light
extinguishes. Record the current at dropout.
Also note LCD indications. Turn Off the current.
4. Re-program LED 4 for the desired setting.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Expected Results:
Pickup Current and Dropout Current
The pickup current at LED 4 illumination should be
within +/- 10% of:
[Address 2112] X [INsecWx or IObjsec] if Address
2111 is Definite Time
[Address 2114] X [INsecWx or IObjsec] if Address
2111 is an inverse option.
The dropout current when LED 4 turns off should be
greater than or equal to 93% of the tested pickup
current.
Contacts, LEDs, and LCD
For the default settings and recommended change,
only LED 4 should light if 51 is being tested. The
LCD should show Back Gen. Flt when 51 drops out.
Depending on the time delay for 50, LEDs and
contacts programmed for 50 tripping may transition
during the test. If a trip occurs, the second line of
the LCD should indicate BU Gen.Trip.

Test 28. Time Delay of 51 Tripping:


Address 2115

1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 2451 BU


Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
settings include this).
2. Set the test current magnitude to provide a solid
pickup of 51, based on the results from Test 27.
A current greater than or equal to twice the
pickup current is highly recommended. (The
current must be greater than 110% of the pickup
current.) Be careful to set the current so that
only 51 trips. If 50HS will operate, the pickup
current (Address 2103) can temporarily be set
higher, or the 50HS time delay (Address 2104)
can be temporarily set to +* (infinite).
Note: Always be careful not to exceed the current
rating of the 7UT51.
3. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the contact of
Trip Relay 1.
4. Apply the current.
5. Record 51 trip time, LEDs and LCD.
6. Turn Off current, reset LEDs and LCD, but keep
the connections and test-set settings for tests 30
and 31.
Expected Results:
Tripping Time

If Address 2111 is Definite Time, skip this test.


Test Equipment

7UT51 Relay
Connect to
one phase
of winding
associated
with

I1

50/51/50HS

IB

Trip
Contact 1
W1

Timer

51 Trip Time (seconds) = {(A/B) + C} X Address 2115

IC

where:

Ia

START I1 ON
STOP

IA

Use the equation below, making the appropriate


substitutions based on Address 2111, to calculate
the expected trip time. The tested time of 51 should
be within +/- 7% of the calculated value.

Ib

W2

M = test current in multiples of 51 pickup= test current


51 pickup

Ic
Ia
Ib
Ic

B = [ M 1]

51 Pickup = [Address 2114]x[INsecWx or IObjsec]


W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 29: Test 28 Connection Diagram


Connect the current source to one phase of the
winding being monitored by 51, as shown in
Figure 29.

PRCM-1108A-0199

63

7UT51 v3
Test Equipment

Address
2111
Moderately
Inverse
Very
Inverse
Extremely
Inverse

7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of winding
Associated with

I
A

50/51/50HS

Trip
Contact 1 5B1
W1

5B2

W2

5A1

I
C

0.02

0.054196

0.09328

START I
STOP

ON

Timer
Option 2

I
a
I
b

START

5A2

2.0

19.138

I
c

0.48258

Timer
Option 1

I
a

2.0

28.2785

0.12173

Contacts, LEDs, and LCD


For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
when 51 trips. Depending on the time dial setting
and applied current, the time delay before a 51 trip
may be noticeable. All trip contacts and contacts
associated with Signal Relays 1 and 3 should toggle
when 51 trips. When the current is Off, the LCD
should read Back Gen. Flt and BU Gen.Trip.

Connection

I
b

Option 2
I
c

STOP

Trip
Contact 2

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 30: Test 29 Connections Diagram


Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 30, with
current injected into one phase of the winding being
monitored by the overcurrent protection.
Option 1:
1. Program Trip Relay 1 for 2411 Back-Up
O/C+G/F: General fault detected.

Test 29. Time Delay of 50 Tripping:


Address 2113

2. Program Trip Relay 2 for 2451 BU


Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
setting is sufficient.)

If Address 2111 is Definite Time, perform this test.


Otherwise, go to the next test.

3. Set the current source magnitude for a value


that will provide a solid pickup of 50, based on
the results from Test 27. Twice the pickup of 50
is a good value for the test current.

If Address 2113 = 0.00 seconds, this test can be


skipped unless Address 2121 = 51 Inverse w/o
Delay. In this case, perform the test because the
results are needed for Test 30.
Two options for testing Address 2113 are presented.
With two exceptions, Option 1 is recommended
because more accurate results are produced.
Option 1 does require a standalone timer that is
started on a contact closure, and stopped on a
closure of a second contact. If Address 2113 = 0.00
seconds, Option 2 must be performed. If Address
2113 = +* (infinite) seconds, Option 2 should be
done.

64

Note: Be certain not to pick up 50HS. Temporarily


increase the pickup of 50HS (Address 2103),
if necessary.
4. Set the timer to start on the closure of the
contact from Trip Relay 1, and stop on the
closure of the contact from Trip Relay 2.
5. Suddenly apply the current.
6. Record the value from the timer. This is the
tested value for Address 2113. If Address 2113
is infinite (+*), the timer should not stop.
7. Turn Off the current, reset the LEDs and LCD,
but keep the connections and testset settings for
tests 30 and 31.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Option 2:
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 2451 BU
Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
setting includes this signal.)
2. Set the current source magnitude for a value
that will provide a solid pickup of 50, based on
the results from Test 27. Twice the pickup of 50
is a good value for the test current.
Note: Be certain not to pickup 50HS. Temporarily
increase the pickup of 50HS (Address 2103),
if necessary.
3. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip
Relay 1 contact.
4. If Address 2113 is infinite (+*), continue to
Step 5. Otherwise, skip to step 8.
5. Suddenly apply the current.
6. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other
contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of
50 to operate. (Action from the pickup of 50 is
proper.)
7. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
LCD if applicable. End of test.
8. Set Address 2113 = 0.00 seconds.
9. Suddenly apply the current.
10. Record the pickup time of 50 plus the output
contact.
11. Repeat steps 9 and 10 two or more times, to
obtain a pickup timespread for 50 and contact.
12. If Address 2113 = 0.00 seconds is the desired
setting, end of test. Reset the LEDs and LCD,
but keep the connections and test-set settings
for Test 30. Otherwise, continue.
13. Set Address 2113 for the desired value.
14. Repeat steps 9-10. The recorded time now
includes Address 2113.
15. Turn the current Off, reset the LEDs and LCD,
but keep the connections and testset settings for
tests 30 and 31.
Expected Results:
Option 1:
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
value for Address 2113. The value should be within
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 2113.

time lag between application of current and 50


tripping can be noticeable. All trip contacts and
contacts associated with signal relays 1 and 3
should toggle when 50 trips. When the current is
Off, the LCD should show Back Gen. Flt and BU
Gen.Trip.
Option 2:
If only Address 2113 = 0.00 seconds is tested, the
results indicate the inherent operating time of 50.
Expect times in the range of [30 to 40] ms at 2 times
pickup.
The pickup times from Step 11 (2113 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
of Step 14 (2113 = Desired Setting) to obtain the
tested values for Address 2113. The accuracy of
Address 2113, with the timer accuracy included, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
timespread of 50 (without delay) plus contact must
be considered.
The pickup timespread of 50 plus contact can add
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
not satisfied with the tested value for Address 2113,
the Network Disturbances option in the WinDIGSI
software can be useful.
Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
for Event 2422 coming, BU 50/51 Phase O/C fault
det., from Event 2442 coming BU 50/51
Overcurrent timer expired, to obtain the delay
caused by Address 2113.
For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
when 50 trips. Depending on Address 2113, the
time lag between application of current and 50
tripping can be noticeable. All trip contacts and
contacts associated with signal relays 1 and 3
should toggle when 50 trips. When the current is
Off, the LCD should read Back Gen. Flt and BU
Gen.Trip.

Test 30. Manual Close Controlling 50/51


Tripping Delay: Address 2121

Perform this test only if Address 2121 = 51 Inverse


w/o Delay.

For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light


when 50 trips. Depending on Address 2113, the

PRCM-1108A-0199

65

7UT51 v3
1. Energize (or de-energize if appropriate) the
discrete input to cause the coming of Event
0356 > Manual close command.
Address 2111 Set for 51
2. Repeat Test 28.
3. Record the trip time of 51.
4. If the timer does not turn Off the current upon
sensing contact closure, switch the state of the
discrete input to cause the going of Event 0356.
Note the response of the 7UT51. End the test.
If the timer turns Off the current, continue.
5. Remove the timer sensing.
6. Apply the current to Cause 51 tripping.
7. Switch the state of the discrete input to cause
the going of Event 0356.

and current exceeds the pickup of the element.


Once tripped, 51 and 50 should reset only after the
current decreases below the element dropout level.
A change in state of the discrete input causing Event
0356 should not drop out 51 or 50 if current above
the element pickup is present. This tripping and
resetting action should be true even if 50/51 time
delay is infinite.
The inherent delay of 51 is about 35 ms at 2 times
pickup.
For Option 1, the timer may read from 0 ms to about
3 ms because of the difference in operating times of
the trip contacts, and the accuracy of the timer.

8. Note the response of the 7UT51. End the test.

For Option 2, the state of the discrete input should


not effect 50 tripping times when Address 2113 =
0.00 seconds.

Note: Address 2111 = Definite Time, Option 1


Performed in Test 29.

LED, LCD, and contact operations should be the


same as in tests 28 or 29, provided the delay of 51
or 50 tripping is not infinite seconds.

9.

Repeat Test 29, Option 1, but do not turn Off


current at the end.

10. Record the value from the timer.


11. With the current still applied, toggle the discrete
input associated with Event 0356.
12. Note the response by the 7UT51. End the test.
Note:

Address 2111 = Definite Time, Option 2


Performed in Test 29.

13. Repeat Test 29, Option 2, but only with Address


2113 = Desired Setting.
14. Record the trip time of 50.
15. If the timer does not turn Off the current upon
sensing contact closure, switch the state of the
discrete input to cause the going of Event 0356.
Note the response of the 7UT51. End the test.
If the timer turns Off the current, continue.
16. Remove the timer sensing.
17. Apply the current to Cause 50 tripping.
18. Switch the state of the discrete input to cause
the going of Event 0356.
19. Note the response of the 7UT51. End of test.
Expected Results:
Both 51 and 50 should trip without any delay, other
than the inherent delay, when Event 0356 is active

66

Test 31. Status Control of 50/51:


Discrete Inputs Or Address 2101
If the operational status of 50/51 is controlled by a
discrete input(s), tests 28 or 29 can be repeated with
the input in the opposite state, to verify the control is
functioning. Also, if multiple sets of protection
settings are used, and Address 2101 is Off or Block
Tripping in any of these sets,tests 28 or 29 can be
repeated with these settings to verify proper
operation of 50/51.
If 50 is operational but Test 29 was not performed,
use Test 29 to check Address 2101 settings of Off
or Block Tripping. If 50 is controlled by an input,
perform Test 29 twice once with the control
applied, and once without the control.
Expected Results:
Address 2101 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 2303 >Block back-up O/C time
protection should have similar effects. Either
should effectively render 50/51 non-existent. No
targets or contacts programmed for any 50/51
events should operate. If 50/51 is first tripped, and
then Event 2303 is activated, the event should have
no effect. The 7UT51 should remain tripped with all
LEDs and contacts reflecting 50/51 tripping. If the
event is first activated, then current is applied to the
7UT51, the 7UT51 should respond as if 50/51 were

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
non-existent. If the event is then de-activated
(going) while current is still present, 50/51 should trip
and provide LEDs and outputs in the normal fashion.
Address 2101 = Block Tripping and an input causing
the coming of Event 2304 >Block trip signal of
backup O/C, applied before a 50/51 trip, should
have similar effects. Either should prevent trip
contacts from operating for all 50/51 events except
Event 2411, described below. The events below
should be free to operate signal relays or LEDs.
Event 2411 Backup O/C+G/F: General fault
detected
Event 2412 BU O/C : Fault detection PhA (if
current in phase A exceeds p.u.)
Event 2413 BU O/C : Fault detection PhB (if
current in phase B exceeds p.u.)

If 50/51 is first tripped, and then Event 2307 is


activated, no change should occur. The 7UT51
should remain in a trip state with contacts and
targets reflecting the 50/51 trip. Event 2307 should
be essentially ignored. If Event 2307 is preventing
the timeout of 50/51, and then the event is
deactivated, 50/51 should trip. Trip contacts, signal
contacts, and LEDs programmed for Event 2442,
2451, or a general trip of the 7UT51 should operate.
The LCD (default settings) should show Back Gen.
Flt and BU Gen.Trip.
Undo Settings Changes
Settings changes made in Test 28 or 29 should be
undone at this point. Pay particular attention to the
trip contacts.
Test 32. Trip Dropout after Reset of 50/51:
Address 2118

Event 2414 BU O/C : Fault detection PhC (if


current in phase C exceeds p.u.)
Event 2422 BU 50/51: Phase O/C fault det.
Event 2442 BU 50/51: Overcurrent timer expired
(with or without time delay)

Test Equipment

7UT513 Relay
Connect to one
phase of
winding
associated with
50/51/50HS

I1

START I1 OFF

Event 2307 >Block 50/51 Stage of Backup O/C


should prevent 50/51 from timing-out, and hence
tripping, but should not inhibit 50/51 from picking up.
This means trip contacts should be blocked for all
50/51 events except Event 2411. LEDs and signal
relays programmed for events 2442 and 2451
should be blocked. LEDs and signal relays
programmed for events 2411-2414, and 2422,
should be free to operate. For the default LCD
settings, Back Gen. Flt should appear when 50/51
is picked up while Event 2307 is active. The action
of Event 2307 should occur even if Address 2113 =
0.00 seconds.

PRCM-1108A-0199

IB

Trip
Contact 1
W1

IC

Event 2451 BU Overcurrent+G/F: General Trip


For the default LCD settings, Back Gen. Flt should
be shown when 50/51 operates with Address 2101 =
Block Tripping or Event 2304 active.
If 50/51 is first tripped, and then Event 2304 is
activated, contacts and LEDs in the 7UT51 should
not change. The 7UT51 should remain in a trip
state. Event 2304 should be essentially ignored. If
a trip contact programmed for Event 2442 or 2451 is
blocked because of Event 2304, and then the input
is changed to cause the going of Event 2304 while
current above the pickup value of 50/51 is still
applied, the trip contact should remain blocked.

IA

STOP

Ia

Timer
Ib

W2

Ic
Ia
Ib
Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 31: Test 32 Connection Diagram

Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 31.


1. Program Trip Relay 1 for Event 2451 BU
Overcurrent+G/F : General trip. (The default
setting is sufficient.)
2. Set Address 2118 = 0.00 seconds.
3. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
Off, and stopped when the contact transitions
from closed to open.

67

7UT51 v3
4. Set the current source for a magnitude that will
provide a trip of 50/51. The value used in tests
28 or 29 is good. Be sure to trip only 50/51.
Set the pickup of 50HS (Address 2103) higher, if
necessary.
5. Apply the current until 50/51 trips.
6. Turn Off the current.
7. Record the trip dropout value given by the timer.
8. If the desired setting of Address 2118 = 0.00
seconds, go to Step 12. Otherwise, go to the
next step.
9. Repeat steps 5-7 two or more times to
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
50/51 plus contact.
10. Set Address 2118 for the desired setting.

pickup level is determined in Test 33. If the 50HS


pickup current is greater than 20 amps (4 amps),
the test for a precise pickup is foregone. A test
current of 1.2 X 50HS pickup is used for verification
of a modified 50HS pickup, in tests 34 and 35.
If 50/51 has a lower pickup current than 50HS, then
the 50/51 pickup must be raised well above the
50HS pickup for Test 34 (timing test of 50HS). This
setting change simplifies the other 50HS tests as
well. Therefore, at this point, raise the 50/51 pickup
well above the 50HS pickup. A 50/51 pickup above
20 amps should be selected.

Test 33. Pickup and Dropout of 50HS:


Address 2103

11. Repeat steps 5-7.


12. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
13. Program Trip Relay 1 for the original setting.

This test is only to be done if 50HS pickup is 20


amps or less (4 amps or less if the 7UT51 is rated
for 1 amp).
7UT51 Relay

Test Equipment

Expected Results:
With Address 2118 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
time of 50 or 51, plus the contact, should be 50 ms
+/- 13 ms, with a current of twice the pickup value
dropping suddenly to 0 A after 50/51 trips.
The dropout times from Step 9 (2118 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
of Step 11 (2118 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 2118. The accuracy of
Address 2118, including the timer accuracy, is the
larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout
timespread of 50/51 (without delay) plus contact
must be considered. The spread is typically wider
when the pickup of 50/51 is less than 0.5 amp.
Contact and target operations should be the same
as in tests 28 or 29.
Notes about Testing 50HS
Depending on the application, a high current may be
required to pickup 50HS.
Note: Do not exceed the current limitations of the
7UT51, given at the beginning of this
document.
If the 50HS pickup current is less than 20 amps (4
amps for a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp), a precise

I1

Connect to
one phase
of winding
associated
with
50/51/50HS

IA
IB

Signal
Contact 1 7B1
W1

8B1

Contact
Monitor
(optional)

IC
Ia
Ib

W2

Ic
Ia
Ib
Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 32: Test 33 Connection Diagram


Connect the current source to one phase of the
winding being monitored by 50HS, as shown in
Figure 32.
Pickup of 50HS can be determined by monitoring
any LED or contact programmed for Event 2451
(LED 4, Signal Relay 3 contact, and any trip contact
with the default settings) if the 50HS pickup is less
than the 50/51 pickup, and the time delay of 50HS
tripping (Address 2104) is accommodated. For the
general procedure given below, LED 4 is
programmed to operate only for Event 2421 nm (nm
is needed to test dropout). Pickup determination is
by visual indication of LED 4. If desired, a signal
relay can be programmed for Event 2421 also.
1. Program LED 4 for only Event nm 2421 BU
50HS -Phase highset OC fault det.

68

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
2. Slowly raise the current until LED 4 lights.
Record the pickup current.
3. Slowly reduce the current until the LED 4 light
extinguishes. Record the current at dropout.
Also note LCD indications. Turn Off the current.

Test Equipment

7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of winding
Associated with
50/51/50HS

START I1 ON
STOP

Timer
Option 2

The dropout current when LED 4 turns off should be


greater than or equal to 93% of the tested pickup
current.
Contacts, LEDs, and LCD
For the default settings and recommended change,
only LED 4 should light if 50HS does not trip, and
the LCD should show Back Gen. Flt when 50HS
drops out. If 50HS trips, LEDs 1 and 4 should light,
contacts of Signal Relays 1 and 3 should toggle, all
trip contacts should operate, and the second line of
the LCD should indicate BU Gen.Trip.

Test 34. Time Delay of 50HS Tripping:


Address 2104
If Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds, skip to Test 37
unless Address 2121 = 50HS IOC w/o Delay,
Address 2101 = Off or Block Tripping in any setting
group, or discrete inputs control the operational
status of 50HS. Otherwise, perform this test, and
continue to the next one.

Trip
Contact 1 5B1
W1

5B2

W2

5A1
5A2

I
a
I
b
I
c

Pickup Current and Dropout Current


The pickup current at LED 4 illumination should be
within +/- 5% of:
[Address 2103] X [INsecWx or IObjsec]

I
B
I
C

4. Reprogram LED 4 for the desired setting.


Expected Results:

I
A

START

Timer
Option 1

I
a
Connection
Option 2

I
b
I
c

STOP

Trip
Contact 2

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 33: Test 34 Connection Diagram


This test requires 50HS to be solidly picked up for a
time greater than Address 2104. To simplify the
procedure and alleviate concerns about thermal
damage to the 7UT51, a setting change of Address
2103 (50HS pickup) may be required.
Two options for testing Address 2104 are presented.
With two exceptions, Option 1 is recommended
because more accurate results are produced.
Option 1 does require a stand-alone timer that is
started on a contact closure, and stopped on a
closure of a second contact. If Address 2104 = 0.00
seconds, Option 2 must be performed. If Address
2104 = +* (infinite) seconds, Option 2 should be
done.
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 33, with
current injected into one phase of the winding being
monitored by 50HS.
Option 1:
1. The pickup of 50HS = Address 2103 X
[INsecWx or IObjsec]. If the pickup is greater
than 16.5 amps, change Address 2103 so that
the 50HS picks up at 16.5 amps or less.
2. Program Trip Relay 1 for 2411 Backup
O/C+G/F: General fault detected.
3. Program Trip Relay 2 for 2451 BU
Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
setting is sufficient.)
4. Set the current source magnitude for 20 amps
(4 amps for a 7UT51 with a 1 amp rating).
Note: Be sure 50/51 pickup is greater than 20 amps.
5. Set the timer to start on the closure of the
contact from Trip Relay 1, and stop on the
closure of the contact from Trip Relay 2.

PRCM-1108A-0199

69

7UT51 v3
6. Suddenly apply the current.
7. Record the value from the timer. This is the
tested value for Address 2104. If Address 2104
is infinite (+*) seconds, the timer should not
stop.
8. Turn Off the current, reset the LEDs and LCD.
9. Program Trip Relays 1 and 2 for the original,
intended settings.
Option 2:
1. The pickup of 50HS = Address 2103 X
[INsecWx or IObjsec]. If the pickup is greater
than 16.5 amps, change Address 2103 so that
the 50HS picks up at 16.5 amps or less.
2. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 2451 BU
Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
setting includes this signal.)
3. Set the current source magnitude for 20 amps
(4 amps for a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp).
Note: Be sure 50/51 pickup is greater than 20 amps.
4. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip
Relay 1 contact.
5. If Address 2104 is infinite (+*) seconds,
continue to Step 6. Otherwise, skip to Step 9.
6. Suddenly apply the current.
7. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other
contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of
50HS operate. (Action from the pickup of 50HS
is proper.)
8. Turn Off the current and reset the LEDs and
LCD if applicable. Keep the connections, testset settings, and 7UT51 settings if Test 35 is to
be done. Otherwise, program Trip Relay 1 for
the intended settings. End of test.
9. Set Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds.
10. Suddenly apply the current.
11. Record the pickup time of 50HS plus the output
contact.
12. Repeat steps 10 and 11 two or more times, to
obtain a pickup timespread for 50HS and
contact.
13. If Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds is the desired
setting, end of test. Turn Off the current and
reset the LEDs and LCD. Keep the connections,
test-set settings, and 7UT51 settings for Test 35.
Otherwise, continue.

15. Repeat steps 10-11. The recorded time now


includes Address 2104.
16. Turn the current Off and reset the LEDs and
LCD. Keep the connections, test-set settings,
and 7UT51 settings if Test 35 is to be done.
Otherwise, program Trip Relay 1 for the
intended settings.
Expected Results:
Option 1:
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
value for Address 2104. The value should be within
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 2104.
For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
when 50HS trips. Depending on Address 2104, the
time lag between application of current and 50HS
tripping can be noticeable. All trip contacts and
contacts associated with Signal Relays 1 and 3
should toggle when 50HS trips. When the current is
Off, the LCD should read Back Gen. Flt and BU
Gen.Trip.
Option 2:
With Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds, the results
indicate the inherent operating time of 50HS.
Expect times in the range of [30 to 40] ms at 1.2
times pickup.
The pickup times from Step 12 (2104 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
of Step 15 (2104 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 2104. The accuracy of
Address 2104, with the timer accuracy included, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
timespread of 50HS (without delay) plus contact
must be considered.
The pickup timespread of 50HS plus contact can
add errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user
is not satisfied with the tested value for Address
2104, the Network Disturbances option in the
WINDIGSI software can be useful.
Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
for Event 2421 coming, BU 50HS Phase highset
OC fault det., from Event 2441 coming BU 50HS
Highset O/C time expired, to obtain the delay
associated with Address 2104.

14. Set Address 2104 for the desired value.

70

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
when 50HS trips. Depending on Address 2104, the
time lag between application of current and 50HS
tripping can be noticeable. All trip contacts and
contacts associated with Signal Relays 1 and 3
should toggle when 50HS trips. When the current is
Off, the LCD should show Back Gen. Flt and BU
Gen.Trip.
Test 35. Manual Close Controlling
50HS Tripping Delay: Address 2121

Perform this test only if Address 2121 = 50 HS IOC


w/o Delay.
1. Energize (or de-energize if appropriate) the
discrete input to cause the coming of Event
0356 >Manual close command.
Option 1 Performed in Test 34:
2. Repeat Test 34, Option 1, but do not turn Off
current at the end.
3. Record the value from the timer.
4. With the current still applied, toggle the discrete
input associated with Event 0356.
5. Note the response by the 7UT51. End of test.
Option 2 Performed in Test 34:
6.

Repeat Test 34, Option 2, but only with Address


2104 = desired setting.

7.

Record the trip time of 50HS.

8.

If the timer does not turn Off the current upon


sensing contact closure, switch the state of the
discrete input to cause the going of Event 0356.
Note the response of the 7UT51. End of test. If
the timer turns off the current, continue.

9.

Remove the timer sensing.

10.

Apply the current to cause 50HS tripping.

11.

Switch the state of the discrete input to cause


the going of Event 0356.

12.

Note the response of the 7UT51. End of test.

Expected Results:
When Event 0356 is active and current exceeds the
pickup of 50HS, the element should trip without
delay, other than inherent delay. Once tripped,
50HS should reset only after the current decreases
below the element dropout level. A change in state
of the discrete input causing Event 0356 should not

PRCM-1108A-0199

drop out 50HS if current above the element pickup is


present. This tripping and resetting action should be
true even if 50HS time delay is infinite seconds.
The inherent delay of 50HS is about 35 ms at 1.2
times pickup.
For Option 1, the timer may read from 0 ms to about
3 ms because of the difference in operating times of
the trip contacts, and the accuracy of the timer.
For Option 2, the state of the discrete input should
not effect 50HS tripping times when Address 2113 =
0.00 seconds.
LED, LCD, and contact operations should be the
same as in Test 34, unless the tripping delay of
50HS is infinite seconds.
Test 36. Status Control of 50HS:
Discrete Inputs or Address 2101
If the operational status of 50HS is controlled by a
discrete input(s), test 34 can be repeated with the
input in the opposite state, to verify the control is
functioning. Also, if multiple sets of protection
settings are used, and Address 2101 is Off or Block
Tripping in any of these sets, Test 34 can be
repeated with these settings to verify proper
operation of 50HS.
Expected Results:
Address 2101 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 2303 >Block Backup O/C Time
Protection should have similar effects. Either
should effectively render 50HS nonexistent. No
targets or contacts programmed for any 50HS event
should operate. If 50HS is first tripped, and then
Event 2303 is activated, the event should have no
effect. The 7UT51 should remain tripped with all
LEDs and contacts reflecting 50HS tripping. If the
event is first activated, then current is applied to the
7UT51, the 7UT51 should respond as if 50HS is
nonexistent. If the event is then deactivated (going)
while current is still present, 50HS should trip and
provide LEDs and outputs in the normal fashion.
Address 2101 = Block Tripping and an input
causing the coming of Event 2304 >Block Trip
Signal Of Backup O/C, applied before a 50HS trip,
should have similar effects. Either should prevent
trip contacts from operating for all 50HS events
except Event 2411, described below. The events

71

7UT51 v3
below should be free to operate signal relays or
LEDs.
Event 2411 Back-up O/C+G/F: General fault
detected
Event 2421 BU 50HS Phase highset OC fault det.
Event 2441 BU 50HS Highset O/C time expired
(with or without time delay)
Event 2451 BU Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip

Note: Program Trip Relays 1 and 2 for the original,


intended settings
Test 37. Trip Dropout after Reset of 50HS:
Address 2118
Address 2118 applies to both 50/51 and 50HS. Test
32 is done with 50/51 tripping. This test applies for
50HS tripping.
Test Equipment

Note: Events 2412, 2413, 2414, 2422, and 2442


pertain to 50/51 only.

7UT513 Relay
Connect to one
phase of
winding
associated with
50/51/50HS

I1

IA
IB

Trip
Contact 1
W1

IC

For the default LCD settings, Back Gen. Flt should


be shown when 50HS operates with Address 2101 =
Block Tripping or Event 2304 active.

START I1 OFF

Ia

Timer

STOP

Ib

W2

Ic

If 50HS is first tripped, and then Event 2304 is


activated, contacts and targets in the 7UT51 should
not change. The 7UT51 should remain in a trip
state. Event 2304 should be essentially ignored. If
a trip contact programmed for Event 2441, 2442, or
2451 is blocked because of Event 2304, and then
the input is changed to cause the going of Event
2304 while current above the pickup value of 50HS
is still applied, the trip contact should remain
blocked.
Event 2306 >Block 50HS stage of backup O/C
should prevent 50HS from timing-out, therefore
tripping, but should not inhibit 50HS from picking up.
The 50HS tripping should be prevented even if
Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds. This means that
events 2441 and 2451 should be blocked from
operating trip relays, signal relays, and LEDs.
Events 2411 and 2421 should still be free to occur,
and they should be capable of operating trip relays
(2411), signal relays, and LEDs. For the default
LCD settings, Back Gen. Flt should appear when
50HS is picked up while Event 2306 is active.
If 50HS is first tripped, and then Event 2306 is
activated, no change should occur. The 7UT51
should remain in the trip state with contacts and
LEDs reflecting the 50HS trip. Event 2306 should
be essentially ignored. If Event 2306 is preventing
the timeout of 50HS, and then the event is
deactivated, 50HS should trip. Trip relays, signal
relays, and LEDs programmed for events 2441,
2451, or a general trip of the 7UT51 should operate.
The LCD (default settings) should show Back Gen.
Flt and BU Gen.Trip.

Ia
Ib
Ic

W3
(7UT513
only)

Figure 34: Test 37 Connection Diagram


This test requires 50HS to be solidly picked up. To
simplify the procedure and alleviate concerns about
thermal damage to the 7UT51, a setting change of
Address 2103 (50HS pickup) may be required.
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 34.
1. The pickup of 50HS = Address 2103 X
[INsecWx or IObjsec]. If the pickup is greater
than 16.5 amps, change Address 2103 so that
the pickup is 16.5 amps or less.
2. Be sure Trip Relay 1 includes Event 2451 BU
Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
setting includes this).
3. Set Address 2118 = 0.00 seconds.
4. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
Off, and stop when the contact transitions from
closed to open.
5. Set the current source for 20 amps (4 amps for
a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp).
Note: Be sure 50/51 pickup is greater than 20
amps.
6. Apply the current until 50HS trips.
7. Turn Off the current.

72

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
8. Record the trip dropout value given by the timer.
9. If the desired setting of Address 2118 = 0.00
seconds, go to Step 13. Otherwise, go to the
next step.
10. Repeat steps 6-8 two or more times to
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
50HS plus contact.
14. Set Address 2118 for the desired setting.
15. Repeat steps 6-8.
16. Set Address 2103 for the original, desired
setting.
17. Program the Trip Relays for the original, desired
settings.
Expected Results:
With Address 2118 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
time of 50HS, plus the contact, should be 50 ms +/13 ms, with a current of [1.2 X pickup value]
dropping suddenly to 0 A after 50HS trips.
The dropout times from step 10 (2118 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
of step 12 (2118 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 2118. The accuracy of
Address 2118, including the timer accuracy, is the
larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout
timespread of 50HS (without delay) plus contact
must be considered.
For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
when 50HS trips. All trip contacts and contacts
associated with signal relays 1 and 3 should toggle
when 50HS trips. The contacts should remain
tripped until the dropout timer expires. When 50HS
drops out, the LCD should display Back Gen. Flt
and BU Gen.Trip.
Note: Set all Settings Pertaining to 50/51 to the
Desired Values
Tank Leakage Protection
The tests for tank leakage protection (64T) apply
only to a 7UT513 fitted with the 64T option.
The protection is existent and operational when
settings other than Nonexistent and Off are
selected for Addresses 7827 and 2701, respectively.
Notes about Testing Tank Leakage Protection
To make 64T existent, one of two settings are
selected for Address 7827. There are important
differences between the two settings.

PRCM-1108A-0199

Address 7827 = Sensitive CT B


Load current to test 64T in terminals [1D1-1D2].
Terminal 1D1 has polarity.

Pickup current for 64T is given in Address 2704.


The unit is milliamps.

Address 7827 = Insensitive CT A


Load current to test 64T in terminals [2D1-2D2].
Terminal 2D1 has polarity.

Pickup current for 64T is given in Address 2703.


The setting is a multiple of the rated current of
the 7UT513: 5 amps or 1 amp.

Test 38. Pickup and Dropout of Tank Leakage


Protection: Address 2703 or 2704, and
Address 2709
Test Equipment

7UT513 Relay
IA

I1

IB

Trip
Contact 1
W1

or

Contact
Monitor

IC

I1

Ia
Ib

Address 7827
= Sensitive
CTB, connect
I1 to INb
Address 7827
= Insensitive
CTA, connect
I1 to INa

W2

Ic

W3 not
shown

1D1
1D2

INb

2D1
2D2

INa

Figure 35: Test 38 Connection Diagram


Connect the 7UT513 as shown in Figure 35, using
the proper connections according to Address 7827.
A trip contact is monitored in the steps below while
64T pickup and dropout are tested. Monitoring a trip
contact is recommended because 64T is then
verified from input to important outputs. The time
delay of 64T tripping Address 2725 must be
accommodated as the current is ramped up to test
pickup. Likewise, the dropout delay Address 2727
must be considered as the current is decreased to
check dropout. If either of these delays is
excessive, the test can be easily adapted. Pickup
and dropout of 64T can be tested with visual
inspection of an LED programmed for Event nm
5916 Transformer tank prot.: Pickup. Addresses
2725 and 2727 would not effect the LED. The LED
would have to be reprogrammed to the original
setting after the test was completed.

73

7UT51 v3
Test Equipment

1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5921


Transformer tank prot.: General TRIP. (The
default setting is sufficient.)

7UT513 Relay
IA

I1

IB

or

I1

3. Slowly reduce the current until the contact drops


out. Record the current at dropout. Record
changes of contacts, LEDs, and the LCD.

W1

IC
Ia

START I 1 ON

2. Slowly increase the current from 0 A until the


contact of Trip Relay 1 closes. Record the
pickup current at contact closure. Record other
contact and LED operations.

Trip
Contact 1

STOP

STOP

Ib

W2

5A1
5A2

Timer

Option 2

Ic

START

Trip
Contact 2

W3 not shown
1D1

Connection

1D2

INb

Option 2

2D1
2D2

INa

Address 7827 =
Sensitive CTB,
connect I1 to INb

Timer
Option 1

Address 7827 =
Insensitive CTA,
connect I1 to INa

Figure 36: Test 39 Connection Diagram

4. Turn Off the current. Reset the LEDs and LCD.


Expected Results:

Connect the 7UT513 according to Address 7827 and


the option selected, as shown in Figure 36.

Pickup Current and Dropout Current


The pickup current at contact closure should be
within +/- 5% of Address 2704, or [Address 2703 X
Rated Current of 7UT513].

Option 1:

The dropout current at contact opening should be


within +/- 5% of [Address 2709 X Tested Pickup
Current].

2. Program Trip Relay 2 for Event 5916


Transformer tank prot.: Pickup.

Contacts, LEDs, and LCD


For the default programming, all trip contacts and
the Signal Relay 9 contact should close, and LEDs 1
and 8 should light, when 64T trips. When 64T drops
out, the contacts should reset and the LCD should
display TankGen FAULT and Tank Gen.TRIP. The
LEDs have memory.
Test 39. Time Delay of Tank Leakage
Protection Tripping: Address 2725

If Address 2725 = 0.00 seconds, skip to the next


test unless Address 2701 = Off or Block Tripping
in any setting group, or discrete inputs control the
operational status of 64T. Otherwise, perform this
test.
Two options for testing Address 2725 are presented.
With two exceptions, Option 1 is recommended
because more accurate results are produced.
Option 1 does require a stand-alone timer that is
started on a contact closure, and stopped on a
closure of a second contact. If Address 2725 = 0.00
seconds, Option 2 must be performed. If Address
2725 = +* (infinite seconds), Option 2 should be
performed.

1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5921


Transformer tank prot.: General Trip. (The
default setting is sufficient.)

3. Set the timer to start on the closure of the Trip


Relay 2 contact, and stop on the closure of the
Trip Relay 1 contact.
4. Set the current source for a value that will
provide a solid pickup of 64T, based on the
results from Test 38. Current equal to twice the
pickup value is good.
5. Suddenly apply the current.
6. Record the value from the timer. This is the
tested value for Address 2725. If Address 2725
is infinite (+*) seconds, the timer should not
stop.
7. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
LCD.
8. Maintain the 7UT513 test connections and
settings if Test 40 is to be performed.
Otherwise, program Trip Relays 1 and 2 for the
original, intended settings.
Option 2:
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5921
Transformer tank prot.: General Trip. (The
default setting includes this signal.)
2. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip
Relay 1 contact.
3. Set the current source for a value that will
provide a solid pickup of 64T, based on the

74

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
results from Test 38. Current equal to twice the
pickup value is good.
4. If Address 2725 is infinite (+*) seconds,
continue to Step 5. Otherwise, skip to Step 8.
5. Suddenly apply the current.
6. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other
contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of
64T operate. (Action from the pickup of 64T is
proper.)
7. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
LCD, if applicable. Keep the testset connections
and 7UT513 settings if Test 40 is to be done.
End of test.
8. Set Address 2725 = 0.00 seconds.
9. Suddenly apply the current.
10. Record the pickup time of 64T plus the output
contact.
11. Repeat steps 9 and 10 two or more times, to
obtain a pickup timespread for 64T plus contact.
12. If Address 2725 = 0.00 seconds is the desired
setting, end of test. Keep the connections,
testset settings, and 7UT513 settings if Test 40
is to be done. Otherwise, continue.
13. Set Address 2725 for the desired value.
14. Repeat steps 9-10. The recorded time now
includes Address 2725.
15. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
16. Keep the connections, test-set settings, and
7UT513 settings if Test 40 is to be done.
Otherwise, program Trip Relay 1 for the original,
intended setting.
Expected Results:

Option 2:
With Address 2725 = 0.00 seconds, the results
indicate the inherent tripping time of 64T. Expect
times in the range of 20 to 30 ms at 2 times pickup.
The pickup times from Step 11 (2725 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
of Step 14 (2725 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 2725. The accuracy of
Address 2725, with the timer accuracy included, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
timespread of 64T (without delay) plus contact must
be considered.
The pickup timespread of 64T plus contact can add
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
not satisfied with the calculated value for Address
2725, the Network Disturbances option in the
WinDIGSI software can be useful.
Obtain dialog with the 7UT513. Click on
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
for Event 5916 (64T pickup) from the time for Event
5921 (64T General Trip) to get the delay in tripping
caused by Address 2725.
Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should
be consistent with those in Test 38, with
consideration given to the programming for Trip
Relay 1. Depending on Address 2725, the delay
between the application of current and 64T tripping
may be noticeable.

Test 40. Status Control of 64T:


Discrete Inputs or Address 2701

Option 1:
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
value for Address 2725. The value should be within
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 2725.
Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should
be consistent with those in test 38, with
consideration given to the programming for Trip
Relays 1 and 2. Depending on Address 2725, the
delay between the application of current and 64T
tripping may be noticeable.

If the operational status of 64T is controlled by a


discrete input(s), Test 39 can be repeated with the
input in the opposite state, to verify the control is
functioning. Also, if multiple sets of protection
settings are used, and Address 2701 = Off or Block
Tripping in any of these sets, Test 39 can be
repeated with these settings to verify proper
operation of 64T.
Expected Results:
Address 2701 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 5903 >BLOCK Transformer Tank
Protection, applied before a 64T trip, should have
similar effects. Either should effectively make 64T
nonexistent. If 64T is first tripped, and then Event

PRCM-1108A-0199

75

7UT51 v3
5903 is activated, the event should have no effect.
The 7UT513 should remain in a tripped state with all
contacts, LEDs, and the LCD reflecting the 64T trip.
If (1) the event is first activated, (2) current above
the pickup of 64T is applied, and then (3) the event
is deactivated with the current still present, 64T
should trip and provide outputs, LEDs, and an LCD
display in the normal fashion.
Address 2701 = Block Tripping and an input causing
the coming of Event 5905 >BLOCK transformer
tank prot trip signal, applied before a 64T trip,
should have similar effects. Either should prevent
Event 5921 Transformer tank prot.: General TRIP
from operating trip relays. Events 5916, 5917, and
5921 should be uninhibited in operating LEDs and
signal relays. For the default settings, the LCD
should read TankGen FAULT.
If Event 5921 is blocked from operating a trip relay
because of Event 5905, and then Event 5905 is
released, Event 5921 should remain blocked.
Applying Event 5905 after 64T has tripped should do
nothing. The event should be ignored.

3. Set the timer to start when the current is turned


Off, and stop when the Trip Relay 1 contact
transitions from closed to open.
4. Set the current source for a value that will
provide a solid pickup of 64T, based on the
results from Test 38. Current equal to twice the
pickup value is good.
5. Apply the current to pickup 64T.
6. Turn Off the current.
7. Record the trip dropout value given by the timer.
8. If the desired setting of Address 2727 = 0.00
seconds, go to Step 12. Otherwise, go to the
next step.
9. Repeat steps 5-7 two or more times to
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
64T plus contact.
10. Set Address 2727 for the desired setting.
11. Repeat steps 5-7.
12. Program Trip Relay 1 and Trip Relay 2 for the
original settings.
Expected Results:

Test 41. Trip Dropout after Reset of 64T:


Address 2727
Test Equipment

7UT513 Relay
IA

I1

IB

Trip
Contact 1 5B1
5B2
W1

or
IC
I1

Timer

Ia

START I1
OFF
STOP

Ib

W2

Ic
Address 7827 =
Sensitive CTB,
connect I1 to INb
Address 7827 =
Insensitive CTA,
connect I1 to INa

1D1
1D2
2D1
2D2

W3 not
shown
INb

With Address 2727 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout


time of 64T plus the contact should be 35 ms +/- 13
ms.
The dropout times from Step 9 (2727 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
of Step 11 (2727 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 2727. The accuracy of
Address 2727, including the timer accuracy, is the
larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout
timespread of 64T (without delay) plus contact must
be considered.
Note: Contact, LED, and LCD operations should be
the same as in Test 38.

INa

Figure 37: Test 41 Connection Diagram


Connect the 7UT51 according to Address 7827, as
shown in Figure 37.
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5921
Transformer tank prot.: General Trip. (The
default setting is sufficient.)
2. Set Address 2727 = 0.00 seconds.

76

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Restricted Ground Fault Protection
The tests for restricted ground fault protection (87N)
apply only to a 7UT513 fitted with the 87N option.

Test 42. Pickup and Dropout of 87N:


Address 1903

The protection is existent and operational when


settings other than Nonexistent and Off are
selected for Addresses 7819 and 1901, respectively.

Test Equipment

7UT513 Relay
IA

I1

Trip
Contact 1

5B1
5B2

IB

Notes about Testing 87N


The ground CT associated with 87N must be
determined before testing can start. Refer to
Address 7819 to ascertain the winding or object
being protected by 87N. Match this address to
either Address 7806 (CT A) or Address 7807 (CT B).
The currents in the tests below must be loaded into
the 7UT513 terminals that correspond to the
applicable CT for 87N.
The pickup of 87N is specified as a multiple of the
rated current of the protected winding or object. Do
not use INsecWx and IObjsec for the rated current.
Instead, use INRGFWx or IOBJRGF , which apply to
restricted ground fault protection only.
INRGFWx =
[87N Phase CT Primary Rating] X INsecWx
87N Ground CT Primary Rating

87N Phase CT Primary Rating is:


Address 1104 for Winding 1
Address 1124 for Winding 2
Address 1144 for Winding 3
87N Ground CT Primary Rating is:
Address 1107 for Winding 1
Address 1127 for Winding 2
Address 1147 for Winding 3
IOBJRGF = Address 1402 X IObjsec
Address 1401

Testing 87N may cause operations of 87, 49-1, or


49-2. If this occurs, Addresses 1601 (87), 2401 (491), and 2501 (49-2) can be set to Off to disable the
elements. After testing 87N, these addresses must
be reset to the desired values.
Programming for Trip Relay 1 All 87N Tests
Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5821
Restricted ground fault: General Trip. (The
default setting is sufficient.) Use this setting for all
87N tests. Program Trip Relay 1 for the original
setting after 87N testing is finished.

PRCM-1108A-0199

W1

or
I1
Timer

Ia
Ib

W2

Connect I1 to
INb if Address
7807 (CTB) is
associated
with 87N.

W3 not
shown

Connect I1 to
INa if Address
7806 (CTA) is
associated
with 87N.

Ic

* I1 ON for
testing
Address
1925
*I1 OFF for
testing
Address
1927

1D1
1D2

INb

2D1
2D2

5B3
5B4

IC

START *
STOP

Contact
Monitor

INa

Figure 38: Test 42 Connection Diagram


Connect the 7UT513 as shown in Figure 38, using
the proper connections according to Addresses
7819, 7806, and 7807. Turn Off the timer for this
test. Use the contact monitor. The timer is needed
in the next test.
A trip contact is monitored in the steps below while
87N pickup and dropout are tested. Monitoring a trip
contact is recommended because 87N is then
verified from input to important outputs. The time
delay of 87N tripping Address1925 must be
accommodated as the current is ramped up to test
pickup. Likewise, the dropout delay Address 1927
must be considered as the current is decreased to
check dropout. If either of these delays is
excessive, the test can be easily adapted. Pickup
and dropout of 87N could be tested with visual
inspection of an LED programmed for Event nm
5816 Restricted gnd fault: Pickup. Addresses
1925 and 1927 would not effect the LED. The LED
would have to be reprogrammed to the original
setting after the test was completed.
1. The pickup current of 87N should be [Address
1903 X INRGFWx] or [Address 1903 X IOBJRGF].
Slowly increase the current until the contact of
Trip Relay 1 closes. Record the pickup current
at contact closure. Record other contact and
LED operations.
2. Dropout/Pickup of 87N should be less than 80%.
Slowly reduce the current until the contact drops

77

7UT51 v3
out. Record the current at dropout. Record
changes of contacts, LEDs, and the LCD.
3. Turn Off the current. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
Note: Keep the 7UT513 connections for tests 43-45.

5. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other


contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of
87N operate. (Action from the pickup of 87N is
proper.)
6. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
LCD if applicable. Keep the connections, testset settings, and 7UT513 settings if test 44 is to
be done. End of test.

Expected Results:

7. Set Address 1925 = 0.00 seconds.

Pickup Current and Dropout Current

8. Suddenly apply the current until 87N trips, then


turn Off the current.

The pickup current at contact closure should be


within +/- 5% of [Address 1903 X INRGFWx] or
[Address 1903 X IOBJRGF].

9. Record the pickup time of 87N plus the output


contact.

The dropout current at contact opening should be


within [68% and 80%] of the tested pickup current.

10. Repeat steps 8 and 9 two or more times, to


obtain a pickup timespread for 87N plus contact.

Contacts, LEDs, and LCD


For the default programming, all trip contacts should
close, contacts of Signal Relays 1 and 8 should
toggle, and LEDs 1 and 7 should light, when 87N
trips. When 87N drops out, the contacts should
reset and the LCD should display RGF Gen. Flt
and RGF Gen. Trip. The LEDs should have
memory.

11. If Address 1925 = 0.00 seconds is the desired


setting, end of test. Keep the connections, testset settings, and 7UT513 settings if Test 44 is to
be done. Otherwise, continue.
12. Set Address 1925 for the desired value.
13. Repeat steps 8-9. The recorded time now
includes Address 1925.
14. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
15. Keep the connections, test-set settings, and
7UT513 settings if Test 44 is to be done.

Test 43. Time Delay of 87N Tripping:


Address 1925

If Address 1925 = 0.00 seconds, skip to the next


test unless Address 1901 = Off or Block Tripping in
any setting group, or discrete inputs control the
operational status of 87N. Otherwise, perform this
test.
Use the same connections for the 7UT513 as in test
42 (Figure 38). Connect the current source
according to Addresses 7819, 7806, and 7807. Turn
On the timer. The settings for the timer are given in
the steps below.
1. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip
Relay 1 contact.
2. Set the current source for a value that will
provide a solid pickup of 87N, based on the
results from Test 42. Current equal to twice the
pickup value is good.
3. If Address 1925 is infinite (+*) seconds,
continue to Step 4. Otherwise, skip to Step 7.
4. Suddenly apply the current.

78

Expected Results:
With Address 1925 = 0.00 seconds, the results
indicate the inherent tripping time of 87N. Expect
times in the range of [35 to 45] ms at 2 times pickup.
The pickup times from Step 10 (1925 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
of Step 13 (1925 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 1925. The accuracy of
Address 1925, with the timer accuracy included, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
timespread of 87N (without delay) plus contact must
be considered, though the spread should be tight at
two times pickup.
The pickup timespread of 87N plus contact can add
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
not satisfied with the calculated value for Address
1925, the =Network Disturbances option in the
WinDIGSI software can be useful.
Obtain dialog with the 7UT513. Click on
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
for Event 5816 Restricted gnd fault: Pickup from

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
the time for Event 5821 Restricted ground fault:
General Trip to get the delay in tripping caused by
Address 1925.

If Event 5821 is blocked from operating a trip relay


because of Event 5805, and then Event 5805 is
released, Event 5821 should remain blocked.

Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should


be consistent with those in Test 42, with
consideration given to the programming for Trip
Relay 1. Depending on Address 1925, the delay
between the application of current and 87N tripping
may be noticeable.

Applying Event 5805 after 87N has tripped should


do nothing. The event should be ignored.

Test 44. Status Control of 87N: Discrete Inputs


or Address 1901

Use the same connections for the 7UT513 as in test


42 (Figure 38). Connect the current source
according to Addresses 7819, 7806, and 7807. Turn
On the timer. The settings for the timer are given in
the steps below.

If the operational status of 87N is controlled by a


discrete input(s), Test 43 can be repeated with the
input in the opposite state, to verify the control is
functioning. Also, if multiple sets of protection
settings are used, and Address 1901 = Off or Block
Tripping in any of these sets, Test 43 can be
repeated with these settings to verify proper
operation of 87N. Use only the desired setting for
Address 1925 if Test 43 is repeated.
Expected Results:
Address 1901 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 5803 >Block restricted ground
fault protect, applied before an 87N trip, should
have similar effects. Either should effectively make
87N nonexistent. If 87N is first tripped, and then
Event 5803 is activated, the event should have no
effect.
The 7UT513 should remain in a tripped state with all
contacts, LEDs, and the LCD reflecting the 87N trip.
If (1) the event is first activated, (2) current above
the pickup of 87N is applied, and then (3) the event
is de-activated with the current still present, 87N
should trip and provide outputs, LEDs, and an LCD
display in the normal fashion.
Address 1901 = Block Tripping and an input
causing the coming of Event 5805 >Block trip of
restricted ground fault, applied before an 87N trip,
should have similar effects. Either should prevent
Event 5821 Restricted Ground Fault: General
Trip from operating trip relays. Events 5816
Restricted gnd fault: Pickup and 5817 Restricted
gnd fault:Gen Fault Detection should still be
capable of operating trip relays. Events 5816, 5817,
and 5821 should be uninhibited in operating LEDs
and signal relays. For the default settings, the LCD
should read RGF Gen. Flt.

PRCM-1108A-0199

Test 45. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87N:


Address 1927

1. Set Address 1927 = 0.00 seconds.


2. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
Off, and stop when the Trip Relay 1 contact
transitions from Closed to Open.
3. Set the current source for a value that will
provide a solid pickup of 87N, based on the
results from Test 42. Current equal to twice the
pickup value is good.
4. Apply the current to pickup 87N.
5. Turn Off the current.
6. Record the trip dropout value given by the timer.
7. Repeat steps 4-6 two or more times to
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
87N plus contact.
8. If the desired setting of Address 1927 = 0.00
seconds, end of test. Otherwise, go to the next
step.
9. Set Address 1927 for the desired setting.
10. Repeat steps 4-6.
Expected Results:
With Address 1927 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
time of 87N plus the contact should be 35 ms +/- 10
ms, for a current of [2 X pickup] suddenly dropped to
0 amp. For most 87N pickup values, the dropout
timespread with Address 1927 = 0.00 seconds
should be tight (within a few milliseconds).
The dropout times from Step 7 (1927 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
of Step 10 (1927 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 1927. The accuracy of
Address 1927, including the timer accuracy, is the
larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout

79

7UT51 v3
timespread of 87N (without delay) plus contact must
be considered.

Condition c is actually given to make the


magnitude of the 120 Hz current such a
value that the errors, if any, associated with
the harmonic restraint are the dominant
errors in this test.

Contact, LED, and LCD operations should be the


same as in Test 42.

Test 46. Second Harmonic Restraint of 87N:


Addresses 1910 and 1911
Perform this test only if Address 1910 = On.
Test Equipment

7UT513 Relay
IA

I1
(60Hz)

IB

Trip
Contact 1

or

Connect I1 to Inb
Ib

W2

if Address 7807
(CTB) is
associated with
87N.

W3 not
shown

Connect I1 to INa
if Address 7806
(CTA) is
associated with
87N.

Ic

1D1
1D2

INb

2D1
2D2

INa

Figure 39: Test 46 Connection Diagram


Use Figure 39 to connect the 7UT513. Connect I1
(60 Hz) according to Addresses 7819, 7806, and
7807. Connect I2 (120 Hz) to any one phase of the
winding associated with 87N. Connect the polarity
of I2 to the polarity of the phase input. If 87N is
protecting a virtual object, I2 must be connected to a
phase of W3. Refer to earlier figures for the 7UT513
terminals corresponding to W3.
1. Set the magnitude of the Source 1, 60 Hz
current (I1) to meet all three conditions below,
if practical. Conditions a and b are required,
although the multiple in a does not have to
be 2.
(a) A solid pickup of 87N is required.
I1 = [2 X 87N pickup] from test 42 is good.
(b) I1 20 amps (4 amps for a 7UT513 with a
rating of 1 amp).
(c) I1
75
[(Address 1911 in decimal format) X(87N
Ground CT Ratio)]
The 87N Ground CT Ratio is the primary
rating of the CT divided by the CT
secondary rating: either 5 amps or 1 amp.

80

2. Set the Source 2 current frequency for 120 Hz


and the magnitude equal to:
I1 X
[Address 1911 in Decimal Format] X [87N
Ground CT Primary Rating]
[87N Phase CT Primary Rating ]

Ia

(120Hz) I2

Connect I2 to one
phase of winding
associated with 87N.
Connect I2 polarity to
phase input polarity.

Contact
Monitor

5B3
5B4

IC
I1
(60Hz)

5B1
5B2

W1

If the calculation for c is greater than 20 amps


(4 amps), I1 = 20 amps (4 amps) is
recommended.

3. Apply only Source 1 current to verify 87N


tripping.
4. Turn Off Source 1. Reset LEDs.
5. Simultaneously apply both currents.
6. Observe the response of the 7UT51 and
simultaneously turn Off both currents.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6, slightly adjusting the
Source 2 current magnitude while the currents
are Off, until the minimum Source 2 current
magnitude for restraint is found.
Expected Results:
The percent of second harmonic current required for
restraint is:
nd

% 2 Restr. =
([120 Hz current from Step 7] X [87N Phase CT
Primary Rating] X 100%)

([60 Hz current from Step 7] X [87N Ground CT


Primary Rating])

The result should be within +/- 10% of Address 1911


(calculations done in decimal format). For example,
if Address 1911 = 15%, the test results should be
within [0.135 and 0.165]. If condition c in Step 1 is
met, the result should be within +/- 5% of
Address 1911.
If 87N tripping occurs, operations of the contacts,
LEDs, and LCD should be consistent with Test 42.
If harmonic restraint occurs, LEDs and contacts
programmed to operate for 87N tripping should not
operate. After current is turned Off, an LCD
message may appear. For the default settings, the
message is RGF Gen. Flt.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3

ND

Test 47. Differential Current Stopping 2


Harmonic Restraint of 87N: Addresses 1910
and 1912
Perform this test only if Address 1910 = On.
1. Calculate [INRGFWx X Address 1912] or [IOBJRGF X
Address 1912].

Note: Do not exceed the current limitations of the


7UT513.
4. Simultaneously apply both currents.
5. Verify that 87N did not trip.
6. Slowly increase the 60 Hz Source 1 current until
87N trips.
7. Record the 60 Hz current.

2. If the value from Step 1 is less than or equal to


18 amps, go to Option 1. Otherwise, continue.

8. Turn Off both currents and reset the LEDs


and LCD.

3. If the value from Step 1 is less than or equal to


36 amps and the 87N Phase CT Primary Rating
= 87N Ground CT Primary Rating, go to
Option 2. Otherwise, continue.

Option 2:

4. If the value from Step 1 is greater than 36 amps


and the 87N Phase CT Primary Rating = 87N
Ground CT Primary Rating, change Address
1912 so:
[INRGFWx X Address 1912]
or
[IOBJRGF X Address 1912] 36 amps

Then go to Option 2. Otherwise, continue.


5. Change Address 1912 as indicated below, and
go to option 1.
[INRGFWx X Address 1912]
or
[IOBJRGF X Address 1912] 18 amps

Option 1:
Use the same 7UT513 connections as in Test 46
(Figure 39).
1. Set the 60 Hz Source 1 current for about [0.8 X
INRGFWx X Address 1912] or [0.8 X IOBJRGF X
Address 1912].
2. Set the Source 2 current frequency for 120 Hz.
3. Set the Source 2 current magnitude so that the
nd
percentage of 2 harmonic current, when the
Source 1 current reaches [INRGFWx X Address
1912] or [IOBJRGF X Address 1912], is much
greater than the minimum restraint level
(Address 1911). If I2 is the magnitude of the
Source 2 current and I1 the magnitude of the
Source 1 current, then:
I2 >>
I1
X [87N Ground CT Primary Rating]
X [Address 1911, Decimal Format]
87N Phase CT Primary Rating

PRCM-1108A-0199

Test Equipment

7UT513 Relay

I2
(120Hz)

IA

Trip
Contact 1

IB

W1

or
IC

I1

5B1
5B2

Contact
Monitor

5B3
5B4

Ia

(60Hz)
Ib

Example
Connections
only. Assumes
CTA and
winding 2 are
associated with
87N.

W2

Ic

W3 not
shown

1D1
1D2

1Nb

2D1
2D2

1Na

Figure 40: Test 47 Connection Diagram


Use Figure 40 to connect the 7UT51. For clarity, the
figure is drawn as if 87N is protecting Winding 2, and
CT A is associated with 87N. Adapt the connections
as necessary. The important points in Figure 40 are
the polarity of I1 connects to the polarity of the
7UT513 current input for the 87N Ground CT
(terminal 2D1 in the figure). The non-polarity
terminal of the 87N Ground CT current input
connects to the polarity of the 7UT513 current input
for 87N Phase CT (Terminal 2D2 to 2B1 in the
figure). Finally, the non-polarity terminal of the 87N
Phase CT current input (Terminal 2B2 in the figure)
connects to the non-polarity terminal of the source 1
current. These connections simulate an internal
fault. The Source 2 current (120 Hz) connects to a
different phase of the winding associated with 87N
because of 7UT513 current limitations.
1. Set Address 1911 = 10%.
2. Set the 60 Hz Source 1 current for about [0.4 X
INRGFWx X Address 1912] or [0.4 X IOBJRGF X
Address 1912]. (Since the current is injected in
the ground input and the phase input both in a

81

7UT51 v3
positive direction the test current is doubled in
forming the differential current.)
3. Be sure current Source 2 is connected to a
different phase than current Source 1.
4. Set the Source 2 current frequency for 120 Hz.
5. Set the Source 2 current magnitude equal to 18
amps.

87N trips. For [90 -90], 87N restrains


because the cosine term is negative or zero. For an
internal fault, both 3I0* and 3I0** flow into the
transformer; therefore, is 0 or nearly so. The
torque is a maximum positive. For an external fault,
3I0** is in a reverse direction, and is in the
neighborhood of 180. The torque is a maximum
negative (or restraint).

6. Simultaneously apply both currents.


7. Verify that 87N does not trip.
8. Slowly increase the 60 Hz Source 1 current until
87N trips.
9. Turn Off both currents and reset the LEDs and
LCD.
10. Reset Address 1911 to the original value.
Expected Results:
Option 1:
The 60 Hz Source 1 current at which 87N trips in
Step 7 should be within +/- 5% of [INRGFWx X
Address 1912] or [IOBJRGF X Address 1912].

For testing purposes (and most purposes because


of phase-angle symmetry), the region of [0
180] is of interest.
The 7UT513 employs a different algorithm that
extends the trip area beyond 90 when Address
1904 > 90. When Address 1904 = 90, 87N has the
same operating characteristic as the classical 87N.
The 7UT513 recognizes a fault condition internal
or external when the restraint current or differential
current exceed certain thresholds.
IRESTRGF = Ia + Ib + Ic + 3I0*
(Ia, Ib, and Ic are the phase currents for 87N)

Contact, LED, and LCD operations should be the


same as in Test 42 when 87N trips.

IDIFFRGF = 3I0* + 3I0** (vector sum)

Option 2:

Once a fault is detected, further analysis is done to


determine if a trip should be issued.

The 60 Hz Source 1 current at which 87N trips in


step 8 should be within +/- 5% of [0.5 X INRGFWx X
Address 1912] or [0.5 X IOBJRGF X Address 1912].

The 87N algorithm calculates a stabilization


current,

Contact, LED, and LCD operations should be the


same as in Test 42 when 87N trips.
Notes about Testing the Extended Tripping Area
of 87N - Critical Angle for Restraint
In classical, overcurrent, restricted ground fault
protection schemes, 87N trips if the torque in the
equation below is positive. The 87N restrains when
the torque is negative.
Torque = 3I0* X 3I0** X cos

In this equation, 3I0* is the current from the


transformer ground CT, 3I0** is three times the zero
sequence current from the transformer phase CTs
(the vector sum of the three phase currents), and
is the angle between the two currents. By
convention, the reference for the currents is a
direction towards (or into) the transformer.
The cosine term defines the trip and restraint areas.
For [-90 < < 90], the cosine term is positive, and

82

ISTAB = 3I0* 3I0** 3I0* + 3I0**

If ISTAB is negative or zero, a trip is issued if


inequality (1) is satisfied:
3I0* [Address 1903 X INRGFWx] or
[Address 1903 X IOBJRGF] (1)

The stabilizing current is negative or zero when 3I0*


= 0 amp, 3I0** = 0 amp, or [0 90]. The last
condition is a clear indication of an internal fault, and
a trip is issued if the minimum pickup of 87N
(Address 1903) is exceeded by 3I0*. The condition
of 3I0** = 0 amp is simulated in Test 42. The
condition of = 0 is checked in Test 47. Notice
87N of the 7UT513 responds like the classical 87N
when [0 90].
If ISTAB is positive, another inequality is used in the
trip decision. If inequality (2) is satisfied, a trip is
given:

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
3I0* [k X ISTAB] [Address 1903 X INRGFWx] or
[Address 1903 X IOBJRGF] (2)

Where k is a stabilization factor corresponding to


Address 1904. The factor is discussed later.
The stabilizing current is positive when [90 <
180]. Angles close to 180 when 3I0* 3I0**
clearly indicate an external fault. However, angles
near 90 could result from an internal fault with CT
saturation distorting the current angle. This is
especially true if 3I0* is significantly greater than
3I0**. The effect of the operating quantity {3I0*
[k X ISTAB]} is to extend the trip area beyond 90.
The amount of the extension depends on k (which
depends on Address 1904) and the ratio [3I0* /
3I0**]. The extended trip area increases as the ratio
increases.

For more information, please refer to A New


Approach for Transformer Ground Differential
Protection, by Dr. Tevfik Sezi, Siemens Power
Transmission and Distribution, Raleigh, North
Carolina. For Test 48, the ratio [3I0* / 3I0**] = 1 is of
interest. The value of k depends on Address 1904.
With 3I0* = 3I0**:
ISTAB = 2 X 3I0* X {sin ( /2) cos (/2)}

Inequality (2) becomes


3I0* X {1 [2 X k X (sin /2 cos /2)]} [Address
1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF]
If 3I0* = 2 X [Address 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF], the
inequality can be expressed:
sin (/2)cos (/2) (0.25 / k) (3)
If 3I0* = 3 X [Address 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF], the
inequality can be expressed:
sin (/2)cos (/2) (0.333 / k) (4)

Tables 11 and 12 give the maximum , accurate to


within +/- 0.1, at which inequalities (3) and (4) are
satisfied, for different settings of Address 1904. The
values of k are those used by the 7UT513 for the
Address1904 selected.

PRCM-1108A-0199

83

7UT51 v3
Table 11: Maximum for 87N tripping
with 3I0* = 3I0** = [2 X Address 1903 X
INRGFWx or IOBJRGF] and
k-Values for Address 1904
Address
1904

Value of k
associated with
Address 1904

Maximum
for 87N Trip

130

1.03372

109.7

120

1.36603

104.9

110

2.03603

100.0

100

4.05657

95.0

90

90.0

Table 12: Maximum for 87N tripping


with 3I0* = 3I0** = [3 X Address 1903 X
INRGFWx or IOBJRGF] and
k-Values for Address 1904
Address
1904
130

Value of k
Associated with
Address 1904
1.03372

Maximum
for 87N Trip

In Test 48, two current sources are set up to


simulate an external fault. The current source for
3I0** is set 180 out of phase with the current source
for 3I0* to simulate the external fault. To allow
inequality (3) to be used, 3I0* = 3I0** = [2 X
Address 1903 X INRGFWx] or [2 X Address 1903 X
IOBJRGF]. If preferred, the multiple of 3 can be used
instead, or in addition, to allow inequality (4) to be
used. After the security of 87N for an external fault
is checked, the magnitudes of 3I0* and 3I0** are
held constant as the angle of 3I0** is decreased until
a trip occurs. The angular difference between 3I0*
and 3I0** is compared to the expected values in
Table 11 or Table 12. This step checks the
extended trip area of the 7UT513 (Address 1904).

Test 48. 87N Security for External Faults


and Critical Angle for Restraint:
Address 1904
Test Equipment

1.36603

109.9

110

2.03603

103.3

100

4.05657

96.7

90

90.0

IA

Trip
Contact 1

or

IB

W1

I1

IC

I1

116.4

120

7UT513 Relay
5B1
5B2

Contact
Monitor

5B3
5B4

Ia
I2

Connect I2 to
one phase of
winding
associated with
87N. Connect
I2 polarity to
phase input
polarity.

Ib

W2

Ic

1D1
1D2
2D1
2D2

W3 not
shown
INb
INa

Connect I1 to INb
if Address 7807
(CTB) is
associated with
87N.
Connect I1 to INa
if Address 7806
(CTA) is
associated with
87N.

Figure 41: Test 48 Connection Diagram


Use Figure 41 as a guide to connect the 7UT513.
The polarity connections are critical. Connect the
polarity of Current-Source 1 to 7UT513 terminal 1D1
(Address 7807 associated with 87N) or terminal 2D1
(Address 7806 associated with 87N). Connect
Current-Source 2 to any one phase of the winding
corresponding to 87N. The polarity of CurrentSource 2 must be connected to the polarity of the
7UT513 current input.

84

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Security for External Faults:

19. Click on Test.

1. Set Current-Source 1 for [m X Address 1903 X


INRGFWx] or [m X Address 1903 X IOBJRGF] at 0
and 60 Hz, where m = 2.

20. Click on 4100 Commission Tests and Display.


21. Click on 4181 Meas./ind. of current -/angl val
of RestrGnd Flt and Execute.

2. Set Current-Source 2 at 180, 60 Hz, and:

22. Click on Yes.

Magnitude =
([Current-Source 1 Magnitude] X [87N Ground CT
Primary Rating])
(87N Phase CT Primary Rating)

3. Apply both currents Simultaneously.

23. All of the RGF metering values should be in the


Test Results box. The values should be nearly
the same as those from the LCD.
24. When finished viewing the metering in
WinDIGSI, continue to click on Close to exit.

4. Verify that 87N does not trip.


Critical Angle for Restraint (Extended Trip Area):
Metering Validation:
5. View the RGF metering from the LCD by
following steps 6-16. Items in bold are keys on
the front of the 7UT513.
6. Press Direct Addr, 4181, then Enter. The
display should read 4181 Test RGF
Measuring?
7. Press Yes.

25. Depending on the value of m in Step 1 and


Address 1904, refer to Tables 11 and 12 to
determine the expected maximum .
26. Slowly decrease the angle of Current-Source 2
(from 180 towards 0) until 87N trips. (The
angle of Current-Source 1 can be increased
instead, but changing Source 2 is easier
because is then the angle of Current-Source
2.)

8. The display should read 4181 Test RGF IPhA =


xxx%. The value should equal the current
applied to Phase A of the winding associated
with 87N. The value should be in percentage of
5 amps (or 1 amp).

27. Record the angle difference between the two


current-sources. This is the tested value for the
maximum .

9. Continue to press No to view IPhB, IPhC, (IPhB


IPhA), and (IPhC IPhA).

29. Turn Off the current and record the LCD.

10. 3I0* is the current in the 87N ground CT input, in


percentage of 5 amps (1 amp).
11. 3I0** is three times the zero sequence current in
the phases of the winding being protected,
which is equal to the vector sum of all of the
phase currents. Since only one phase is loaded,
3I0** should equal the phase current.
12. 3I0* I0** = x is the phase angle between 3I0*
and 3I0**. For the external fault, the angle
should be 0.
13. Diff = xxx% is the RGF differential current. The
value should be less than 2%.
14. Restr = xxx% is the RGF restraint current.
15. When finished reading the LCD metering, press
Direct Addr, 4801, and Enter. The display
should read 4801 Stop Test Finish?
16. Press Yes. The display should read 4801 Stop
Test Test Finished.
17. View the RGF metering from WinDIGSI following
steps 18 - 24.

28. Record contact and LED operations.


30. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
31. If desired, the value of m can be changed to 3,
and steps [1-4] and [25-30] can be repeated,
although not required.
Expected Results:
The tested value of maximum in Step 27 should
be within +/- 1.5 of the Maximum for 87N Trip,
corresponding to Address 1904 used in the test, in
the applicable Tables 11 and 12 above.
With the default settings, there should be no
operations of contacts or LEDs when the external
fault is simulated. As the angle is decreased, Event
5817 Restricted gnd fault:Gen fault detection
should operate well before 87N trips. This results
from the differential current exceeding the threshold
for fault detection. Event 5817 will only be
noticeable if the event is programmed to contacts or
LEDs. (The event is not included in the default
settings.) When 87N trips at maximum , contact,
LED, and LCD operations should be consistent with
Test 42.

18. Obtain dialog with the 7UT513.

PRCM-1108A-0199

85

7UT51 v3
Program Trip Relay 1 for the desired, in-service
settings.
Setting Verification after Electrical Testing
Although instructions are given throughout the
procedure to reset addresses or programming back
to the original, desired values after the tests, a
complete down-loading of all of the intended 7UT51
settings is recommended when the electrical tests
have finished. This will prevent unintended settings
when the 7UT51 is placed in-service. Alternatively,
a thorough check of the settings should be made
after the electrical tests have been completed and
before the 7UT51 is placed in-service.

86

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Control Wire, CT, and Relay Installation

Hazardous voltage or current.


Can cause death, serious personal
injury, or property damage.
Before performing work on current
transformer wiring, always short circuit the
secondary of all the current transformers.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
output contacts do not break currents
greater than their ratings.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
any control power or test value applied to
the relay does not exceed the
corresponding inputs limit.

Primary Equipment Check


Prior to starting any of the control installation work,
all primary equipment should be installed, all
mounting of boxes, cabinets, etc. and all conduits in
place. All external control cable should be pulled.
Check nameplate of the transformer, terminal block
markings, phasing, etc., to ensure that the drawings
are in agreement.
Electrical Drawings Wire Check
Each piece of primary equipment should be wire
checked and compared against the electrical
drawings.

With the Siemens numerical differential relay, all CT


secondary circuits can be connected in wye;
however, the Siemens relay can be applied in
existing protection schemes having delta and wye
connected CTs. Ratio matching and phase shift to
the various power transformer and CT ratios and of
the phase displacement, according to the vector
group of the protected transformer displacement, are
compensated for numerically (see Matching Factor
in the Definition of Terms section).
The input currents are converted in relation to the
power transformer rated current. This is achieved by
entering the rated transformer data, such as rated
power, rated voltage, and rated primary current of
the CTs, into the protection unit.
Interposing Transformers
When the power rating of the windings differ strongly
from each other (more than the factor four),
interposing transformers are recommended. If an
interposing transformer set is used for one winding,
the transformation ratio of the interposing
transformer must be considered when entering the
setting for this winding. This is done by dividing the
actual primary CT rated current by the winding ratio
of the interposing transformer. The result is entered
in Address 1104 or using WinDIGSI, in the Setting
menu, Transformer Data section.
Once the vector group has been entered, the
protection unit is capable of performing the current
comparison according to fixed formulas.
Relay Installation

Review and check the elementary wiring, functional,


and one line diagrams. Verify that currents for all
power paths (both load and short circuit) and tripping
for each source are included.
CT Installation
As in any control installation, the wiring and control
diagrams and all applicable instruction manuals
must be thoroughly reviewed and understood before
any work begins. This is especially true for the
installation of a CT in a differential transformer
protection scheme. Power transformers may have
both a current magnitude and phase shift associated
with the operation.

Refer to the 7UT51 v3 Protective Relay Instruction


Manual for installation instructions. See Figures 42
and 43 for connection examples of the relay
installation with the following configurations:
Two Winding, Delta-Wye Transformer
Three Winding, Delta-Wye-Delta Transformer

Check ratio selection. Generally, the high side of the


CT is selected to match the full load rating of the
winding.

PRCM-1108A-0199

87

7UT51 v3
Primary
A

C
I
I

3A1

2A1

1A2

3B1

3B2

1B1

3A1

3A2

2A1

2A2

1A1

1A2

3B1

3B2

2B1

2B2

1B1

1B2

a '

3D1

3D2

b '

c '

2A2

2B2

I
3A2

1A1

2B1

Primary
B
C

1B2

Secondary

7U T 51 R ela y

Secondary

Figure 42: Two-Winding, Delta-Wye Transformer

a'

b'
Tertiary

2C1

2C2

1C1

1C2

c'
7U T513

Figure 43: Three Winding, Delta-Wye-Delta


Transformer

88

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Commissioning Tests

Operational Checks
Operational checks are performed after wire
checking is complete.

Hazardous voltage or current.


Can cause death, serious personal
injury, or property damage.

If trip test switches are installed in the circuit, these


initial checks are performed with the trip test
switches in the Open position. If no trip test
switches are installed, disable/block the relay trip
output.

Before performing work on current


transformer wiring, always short circuit the
secondary of all the current transformers.

1. Energize the main DC power supply to the relay.

To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that


output contacts do not break currents
greater than their ratings.

2. Check for proper DC polarity and magnitude for


each control circuit.

To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that


any control power or test value applied to
the relay does not exceed the
corresponding inputs limit.

3. Reset all alarms and annunciators.


4. Verify that all relay and lockouts are reset.
5. Check that the matching k factor is correct.

Physical Inspection
Inspect all cables, junction boxes, circuit breakers,
etc., for proper wiring, shorting type terminal blocks
at proper locations, tight connections (screw heads
must be tight against wire). Check that shorting
screws are removed from CT blocks that will be in
service. Inspect boxes, switches, and relays for any
material such as wires, screws, lugs, or tags that
could short or ground the circuit. Visually wire-check
all current circuits.
Check auxiliary switches for connections, wipe, and
adjustment per manufacturer's instructions,
particularly the operating relation with respect to
main blade make and break.
After the acceptance tests have been completed and
the relay is installed with the permanent settings
applied and tested, the commissioning tests and
checks can be performed.
Installation Test Procedures
For test procedures, refer to the Acceptance Testing
section and perform only the tests required to check
the settings and control to be used in the specific
field application. Prior to installation, complete
testing of the discrete inputs, signal contacts, and
trip contacts is recommended. This will reduce the
operational checking of the transformer protection to
simply checking the CT connections, 7UT51 input
connections, and wiring of the output contacts.

PRCM-1108A-0199

Operate each relay contact to verify correct target,


lockout relay (86), and alarm. Reset after each trip.
Operate the differential function by passing current
through the circuit from each set of CTs. Check and
verify the other protective function targets.
Once the relay operations are verified, the major
equipment such as circuit breakers and air break
switches can be checked for proper operation. With
the 86 relay in the Trip position, close each test
blade separately. When the test blade is closed, its
corresponding piece of equipment will trip.
Once tripped, check and verify all interlocks for
correct operation.
After verifying all tripping from the lockout (86)
through the test blades, all external tripping of the 86
relay is performed.
An overall operational test should be performed to
give a final system check. No part of the control
scheme should be assumed correct. Test every
input, output and function to verify that it operates
independently and also in conjunction with the total
scheme.
Once all checks are complete, check for zero (0)
voltage across the relay trip test switches with a DC
voltmeter.

89

7UT51 v3
Energizing the Transformer

Measured Test Currents

When all control and current circuits have been


checked, verified, the transformer is ready to be
energized.

Read the relay measurement of currents and phase


angles through test Address 4101.

Prior to energizing the transformer, all relay


protection is placed in service. All secondary test
sets and equipment must be removed. All CTs
connected.
In-Service Readings
In-service readings are taken to ensure system
reliability and security after the transformer is
energized and loaded.

Read and record magnitude and phase angle


readings in all leads and windings.
Check balance with meter. Trace any
abnormalities.
Verify all measurable quantities (inputs) through
the relay.

Operational Measured Values


Check the steady state rms operating values to
verify that the relay is functioning properly. This
information is accessed directly in Address Blocks
5700 and 5900 and compared with actual known
values. See the Accessing Data section. Compare
the known current values with the displayed test
currents.

Figure 44: WinDIGSI Metering Data Screen

90

Compare the known current values with the


displayed test currents. If deviations occur that
cannot be explained by tolerances, recheck
connections and test arrangement and repeat.
If the values are not correct, wrong polarity or phase
interchange at Side 1 is usually the cause:
Check connections. Repeat test by renewed
measurement request
See the Accessing Data section for more detailed
instructions.
Waveform Capture during Test Fault Record
Address 4900
Recording a test fault record is especially important
for use on transformers where large inrush currents
can be produced by transient saturation of the
transformer iron. Since a large inrush current may
have the same effect as a single ended infeed fault,
energizing the power transformer several times
checks the effectiveness of the inrush stabilization.
Since the pick up signal of the relay is not stabilized,
the inrush current will start fault recording
automatically, provided that Address 7402 Wave
Trig is set to Trig with Pickup. Otherwise a fault
record is only stored if the relay has tripped. A fault
record can always be triggered via a discrete input
provided this is allocated.
The effectiveness of the inrush stabilization can be
determined from the recording of the differential
currents and the harmonic contents. If necessary,
the inrush current stabilization effect can be
increased in Address 1611, when trip occurs, or
when the recorded data show that the second
harmonic content does not safely exceed the set
stabilizing threshold set in Address 1611. A further
method to increase inrush stability is to set the cross
block function (Address 1612) effective or to
increase the duration of the cross block function.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Note:

Be sure that trip circuits are disconnected


from the relay trip contacts and are left
open-circuited. Do not connect any of the
relay outputs to any external breaker failure
devices.
If test switches are available, place all
related switches in the Test position.

Read and record magnitude and phase angle


readings in all leads and windings.
Perform a manual Waveform capture through
Address Block 4900 and verify the primary and
secondary waveforms using WinDIGSI and DIGRA.
Check balance with meter. Trace any abnormalities.
Verify all measurable quantities (inputs) through the
relay. Read the relay measurement of currents and
phase angles through Test Address 4101.

Figure 45: Waveform Capture of Normal


Line Current
Perform a manual start of the waveform capture
record (for analysis of the steady state rms current
or test current) in Address Block 4900.
The data can then be downloaded to a PC for
analysis, and verification that the relay is processing
all inputs as required by the application.
See the Data Available section for instructions and
examples.

Compare the known current values with the


displayed test currents. If deviations occur that
cannot be explained by tolerances, recheck
connections and test arrangement and repeat.
When assessing the currents, note that the
differential and stabilizing values are referred to the
rated current of the transformer winding.
The value of differential value should be negligible
against the magnitude of the line currents. The
stabilizing (restraint) value should be approximately
twice the line current value.
Take relay out of Test mode through Address 4800.
Output Connections

Installation of 7UT51 Relay in Existing Circuit


The installation of the Siemens 7UT51 relay in an
energized circuit can be perform without disturbing
the existing system.
The following must be completed before the relay
can be fully functional in the circuit:
1. Settings applied
2. Acceptance/Installation tested (out of circuit)
Once all of the necessary and applicable testing has
been performed on the relay, the relay can be
prepared for installation and testing.

PRCM-1108A-0199

With test switches in the test position, proceed with


making all trip and signal output connections.
Since the relay is installed in an energized circuit,
operational checks of each output cannot be
performed; however, all outputs from the relay are
checked prior to installation and all control circuitry is
checked upon installation or subsequent outages.
Note: A complete functional check for all trip and
signal outputs should be performed during the
next available outage.

91

7UT51 v3
Using WinDIGSI, deleting the operational buffer
is founder under:

Putting the Relay into Operation


All setting values should be checked again, in case
they were altered during the tests. Particularly
check that all desired protection functions have been
Enabled in the Address Block 7800 and that all
desired protection functions have been switched On
in the corresponding Settings menu.
Stored indications on the front plate should be reset
by pressing the Target Reset on the front so that
from then on, only real faults are indicated. From
that moment, the measured values of the quiescent
state are displayed. While pressing the Reset
button, the LEDs on the front will light up (except the
Blocked LED); thus, an LED test is performed at the
same time.
Delete stored annunciations and counters go to
Address Block 8200:

Enter the password (000000).

8201 resets LED memory.

92

Control/ Resetting Stored Data / 8202 - Reset


Event Log / or / 8203 Reset Trip Log.

Press the Target Reset on front panel.

Push the Event key on the front of relay. The


display shows the beginning of the annunciation
blocks. Thus, it is possible that the measured
values for the quiescent state of the relay can be
displayed. These values had been chosen during
configuration under the Addresses 7105 and 7106.
All terminal screws, even those not in use, should be
tightened.
Check that all modules are properly inserted. The
green LED should be illuminated and the red LED
should not be illuminated.
Close housing cover.

Using WinDIGSI the LED reset is found under:


Options\Device\Reset LEDS.

Note: Housing cover must be on relay for proper


operation.

8202 deletes the operational buffer storage.


Using WinDIGSI, deleting the operational buffer
is founder under:

Place test switch in the Operating position.

Control/ Resetting Stored Data / 8202 - Reset


Event Log/ or /8203 Reset Trip Log.

After all readings are taken and found to be correct,


the relays can be are placed in service.

8203 deletes the fault annunciation buffer


storage.

Check that all protection is in service and that all


indicating lights, targets, and equipment are reset
and normal before leaving.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Routine Testing of System

Input Integrity
The inputs can be periodically checked by
performing the following:

Hazardous voltage or current.


Can cause death, serious personal
injury, or property damage.
Before performing work on current
transformer wiring, always short-circuit the
secondary of all the current transformers.

Block tripping.

Place test switches in Test position.

Apply a DC voltage to each input (one at a time),


preferably at a point that tests the largest section
of control wiring, check that the relay functions
appropriately through LEDs, outputs, or other
alarms and event messages.

To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that


output contacts do not break currents
greater than their ratings.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
any control power or test value applied to
the relay does not exceed the
corresponding inputs limit.

This test will trip controlled


devices.

Relay Integrity
Routine checks of the relay characteristics or pickup
values are not necessary, as they form part of the
continuously supervised firmware programs.
The relay is self-monitored and problems within the
relay are automatically annunciated. If a problem
within the relay is detected, the relay will block itself
and the red LED Blocked light will be lit and LCD
will read Equipment Fault.

Output Integrity
During an outage, one method available to check
the outputs is to program one input for external trip
and program all outputs (signal and trip) for external
trips up to ten (10) at a time. Then trip the
perspective devices. This test would check the
outputs and operational wiring out to the controlled
device.

Operational Measured Values

Validate Metering

During periodic checks, the steady state rms


operating values can be read out at any time to
verify that the relay is functioning properly. This
information can be accessed directly in Address
Blocks 5700 and 5900 and compared with actual
known values.

Testing the metering of the relay is the quickest


method of determining if the relay in no longer
functioning or that it is incorrectly connected. If the
relay cannot correctly determine what is being
applied to its inputs, it can no longer protect.

It is not necessary to perform testing during an


outage since most of the relays functions can be
checked by putting test switches in the Test position
and blocking all outputs from the relay; however,
most operational wire checking and functional
testing of the controlled devices will require an
outage.

Perform inservice (or test current) relay


measurements of all currents and phase angles
through Test Address 4101.

Measured Test Currents

Compare the known current values with the


displayed test currents. If deviations occur that
cannot be explained by tolerances, recheck
connections and test arrangement and repeat.
When assessing the currents, note that the
differential and stabilizing values are referred to the
rated current of the transformer winding.

PRCM-1108A-0199

93

7UT51 v3
During normal operation or through-fault testing, the
value of differential current should be negligible
against the magnitude of the line currents. The
stabilizing (restraint) value should be approximately
twice the test or line current value.

that moment, the measured values of the quiescent


state are displayed. While pressing Reset.
If testing is performed during an outage or the test
switches are in the test position, all terminal screws,
even those not in use, should be tightened.

When the relay is in test mode, the differential


protection and the restricted ground fault protection
are not effective, even when they are switched On.
Take the relay out of test mode after the tests have
been completed.

Close housing cover.

Waveform

If test switches are in the Test position, place in the


Operating position.

Note: If the routine checks are performed during


Energized conditions or with test switches in
the Test position, initiate manual starting of
the record in Address Block 4900 to read line
or test current.
Note: If the routine checks are performed during an
outage or with test switches in the Test
position, a switching test or fault test can be
performed. See the Commissioning section of
this manual.
Download the captured waveform to a PC for
analysis, and verification that the relay is processing
all inputs as required by the application.
Once the waveform has been captured, view it using
WinDIGSI and DIGRA software.

Note: Housing cover must be on relay for proper


operation.

After all readings are taken and found to be correct,


the relays can be are placed in service.
Check that all protection is in service and that all
indicating lights, targets, and equipment are reset
and normal before leaving.
Information to a SCADA System during Test
Operation Address Block 8300
When the relay is connected to a central storage
device or localized substation automation system
and VDEW/ZVEI is used, the information transmitted
to the central computing system can be identified as
Test Operation for all annunciations, messages,
and measured values occur while the relay is tested.
Thus, these messages can be distinguished from
those that occur during real operation.

Putting the Relay into Operation


All setting values should be checked again, in case
they were altered during the tests. Particularly
check that all desired protection functions have been
programmed in the Address Block 7800 and that all
desired protection functions have been switched On.

In order to accomplish this switch over, Address


Block 8300 is available, provided the VDEW/ZVEI
protocol has been chosen during configuration of the
serial system interface; Address 7221 and/or 7222
VDEW Compatible or VDEW Extended.

Stored indications on the front plate should be reset


by pressing the Target Reset on the front so that
from then on, only real faults are indicated. From

Note: Switch Address 8301 back to Sys. Test Off


after completion of testing.

94

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Fault Data and Analysis Tools
Front Panel Alarms
Addresses 7107 and 7108 can be set to Display
Information on the latest fault event. Once the
message is acknowledged with the Reset key or via
remote reset, the selected display for Addresses
7105 and 7106 will appear.
The LEDs will be lit depending on how they were
marshalled in Address block 6300 (assuming the
corresponding function is Enabled and On).
Remote warnings will also be initiated if utilized.
Fault Analysis Data
The sources available to analyze a fault event are as
follows.
Address 5100 - the Event Log which contains the
50 most recent event messages, both operational
and fault messages, with older messages
overwritten by newer messages.
Address 5200 The Last Fault information (see
Note)
nd

Address 5300 The 2


(see Note)

to Last Fault information


Figure 46: Example of Fault Data

rd

Address 5400 The 3 to Last Fault information


(see Note)
Note: Each fault log contains up to 80 fault related
event messages beginning with the pickup of
any active protection function and ending with
the dropout of that function. If necessary to
make room, the oldest fault log and/or oldest
event messages within a log may be
overwritten.
Each event message has three parts:
1. The date and time of the event
2. A description of the event
3. An indication of whether the condition that
triggered the event is starting or ending.

PRCM-1108A-0199

PC
The PC can communicate directly with the relay by
entering the Dialog menu and choosing the Dialog
mode with the protection device Direct. Data may
also be accessed via a modem or SCADA system.
Consult the WinDIGSI Instruction Manual or the
WinDIGSI Users Manual for detailed instructions.
The recorded waveform fault data can be viewed
and analyzed by exporting (download) to a PC.
Data for up to three faults is stored in the relay;
however, the PC memory can store many. This data
can give valuable information on the simultaneously
captured data for all current inputs and up to four
user-defined functions that report the status of
discrete-signal inputs.

95

7UT51 v3
The fault data is accessed by entering the Fault
menu. From the Fault menu:

Resetting/Clearing Buffers and Targets


To reset the Event or Fault logs:

1. Choose Fault Record.


2. A list of the fault instance recorded within the
actual device or the device file will appear
3. Select the fault instance.
4. Choose Options.
5. Choose the type of graph desired: primary
values, secondary values, or normalized values
6. Click DIGRA.
7. From this point on there are several options for
viewing the data and printing the data. Consult
the WinDIGSI Instruction Manual or the
WinDIGSI Users Manual for detailed
instructions.
Saving/Archiving Fault Data
Using the WinDIGSI software, all faults present in
the relay can be completely transmitted to the
computer. Each fault is saved in a separate file.
Select the option PD->File in the Fault menu. You
will be asked to confirm your intention. You can
store as many event messages as necessary.

96

1. Enter the password (000000).


2. 8201 resets LED memory.
Using WinDIGSI, the LED Reset is found under:
Options\Device\Reset LEDS.
3. 8202 deletes the operational buffer storage
4. Using WinDIGSI, deleting the operational buffer
is founder under:
Control/Resetting Stored Data/8202 Reset
Event Log/ or /8203 Reset Trip Log.
5. 8203 deletes the fault annunciation buffer
storage.
6. Using WinDIGSI, deleting the operational buffer
is founder under:
Control/Resetting Stored Data/8202- Reset
Event Log / or / 8203 Reset Trip Log.
7. Press the Target Reset on the front panel.

PRCM-1108A-0199

7UT51 v3
Address Index
1000
1100 ................................................ 8, 22, 37
1102 .......................................................... 17
1104 .................................. 17, 22, 43, 76, 87
1105 .................................................... 17, 36
1106 .................................. 24, 36, 37, 39, 41
1107 .............................................. 43, 47, 76
1108 .......................................................... 42
1121 .................................................... 17, 24
1124 .............................................. 17, 22, 76
1125 .................................................... 17, 36
1126 .......................................................... 24
1127 .......................................................... 76
1141 .......................................................... 24
1144 .................................................... 22, 76
1146 .......................................................... 24
1147 .......................................................... 76
1401 .......................................................... 76
1402 .................................................... 22, 76
1601 ...................... 20, 24, 48, 49, 50, 60, 76
1603 ............................ 24, 27, 32, 44, 45, 54
1604 .......... 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 45, 55
1606 .......................................................... 45
1607 .................................................... 44, 45
1608 .................................................... 45, 46
1611 .............................................. 31, 33, 90
1612 .............................................. 33, 34, 90
1613 .............................................. 32, 33, 35
1614 .................................................... 32, 33
1615 ............................ 32, 33, 34, 35, 50, 51
1616 .................................. 23, 32, 33, 50, 51
1617 .............................................. 47, 48, 55
1618 .................................................... 46, 47
162525, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 34, 35, 46, 47, 48
1626 .............................................. 28, 29, 30
1627 ........................................ 26, 27, 30, 31
1900 .......................................................... 14
1901 .............................................. 76, 77, 78
1903 ........................................ 76, 77, 82, 83
1904 .............................................. 82, 83, 84
1910 .................................................... 79, 80
1911 .............................................. 79, 80, 81
1912 .................................................... 80, 81
1925 .............................................. 76, 77, 78
1927 .............................................. 76, 78, 79

2113 .................................. 62, 63, 64, 65, 70


2114 .................................................... 60, 61
2115 .......................................................... 61
2118 .................................................... 66, 71
2121 ........................................ 62, 64, 67, 69
2400 .......................................................... 15
2401 ................27, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55, 60, 76
2402 ........................................ 51, 52, 53, 54
2403 ........................................ 51, 52, 53, 55
2404 .................................................... 51, 52
2405 .......................................................... 51
2406 .......................................................... 50
2500 .......................................................... 15
2501 ................27, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55, 60, 76
2502 .............................................. 51, 52, 53
2503 ........................................ 51, 52, 53, 55
2504 .................................................... 51, 52
2505 .......................................................... 51
2506 .......................................................... 50
2700 .......................................................... 15
2701 .............................................. 72, 73, 74
2703 .......................................................... 72
2704 .......................................................... 72
2709 .......................................................... 72
2725 .............................................. 72, 73, 74
2727 .................................................... 72, 75

2000

5000

2100 .......................................................... 15
2101 ...................... 27, 50, 60, 64, 65, 67, 70
2103 ...................... 61, 62, 63, 66, 67, 68, 71
2104 .................................. 61, 67, 68, 69, 70
2111 ........................................ 60, 61, 62, 64
2112 .................................................... 60, 61

5700 .............................................. 19, 89, 92


5701 .......................................................... 19
5702 .......................................................... 19
5703 .......................................................... 19
5704 .......................................................... 19
5705 .......................................................... 19

PRCM-1108A-0199

3000
3000 .......................................................... 15
3001 ........................................ 56, 57, 58, 59
3002 .............................................. 57, 58, 59
3003 .......................................................... 59

4000
4100 .................................................... 16, 84
4101 ............................ 16, 43, 44, 89, 90, 92
4121 .................................................... 16, 17
4141 .................................................... 16, 17
4161 .................................................... 17, 44
4181 .................................................... 17, 84
4800 ........................................ 17, 18, 44, 91
4801 .............................................. 18, 44, 84
4900 ........................................ 20, 89, 90, 93
4901 .............................................. 20, 90, 93

97

7UT51 v3
Address Index (Continued)
5706 .......................................................... 19
5708 .......................................................... 19
5709 .......................................................... 19
5710 .......................................................... 19
5711 .......................................................... 19
5721 .......................................................... 19
5722 .......................................................... 19
5723 .......................................................... 19
5724 .......................................................... 19
5725 .......................................................... 19
5726 .......................................................... 19
5727 .......................................................... 19
5728 .......................................................... 19
5729 .......................................................... 19
5730 .......................................................... 19
5731 .......................................................... 19
5900 .............................................. 19, 89, 92
5911 .......................................................... 19
5912 .......................................................... 19
5913 .......................................................... 19
5914 .......................................................... 19
5921 ............................ 19, 23, 72, 73, 74, 75
5922 .......................................................... 19
5923 .......................................................... 19
5924 .......................................................... 19

6000
6201 .......................................................... 23
6202 .......................................................... 23
6203 .......................................................... 23
6206 .......................................................... 23
6207 .......................................................... 23
6208 .......................................................... 23
6209 .......................................................... 23
6210 .......................................................... 23
6211 .......................................................... 23
6300 .................................................... 14, 94
6301 .......................................................... 23
6302 .......................................................... 23
6303 .......................................................... 23
6304 .......................................................... 23

98

5707 .......................................................... 19
6307 .......................................................... 23
6308 .......................................................... 23
6309 .......................................................... 23
6310 .......................................................... 23
6311 .......................................................... 23
6312 .......................................................... 23
6401 .......................................................... 23
6405 .......................................................... 23

7000
7100 .................................................... 14, 16
7105 .............................................. 16, 91, 94
7106 .............................................. 16, 91, 94
7107 .............................................. 16, 23, 94
7108 .............................................. 16, 23, 94
7110 .......................................................... 16
7200 .......................................................... 14
7221 .......................................................... 93
7222 .......................................................... 93
7400 .......................................................... 20
7402 .................................................... 20, 89
7411 .......................................................... 20
7431 .......................................................... 20
7432 .......................................................... 20
7800 .............................................. 35, 91, 93
7806 ......................17, 42, 76, 77, 78, 79, 83
7807 ......................17, 42, 76, 77, 78, 79, 83
7816 .......................................................... 24
7819 .................................. 14, 76, 77, 78, 79
7821 .................................................... 15, 60
7824 .................................................... 15, 50
7825 .................................................... 15, 50
7827 ........................................ 15, 72, 73, 75
7830 .................................................... 15, 56
7831 .................................................... 15, 56

8000
8300 .......................................................... 93
8301 .......................................................... 93

PRCM-1108A-0199

Siemens Power Transmission & Distribution, LLC


Distribution Automation Division
P.O. Box 29503
Raleigh, NC 27626-0503

Manual No. PRCM-1108A-0199


Printed in U.S.A. Subject to change without notice.

1999 Siemens Power Transmission & Distribution, LLC


Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.