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The Julio-Claudians

Augustus established the longest reigning dynasty of Rome, but his successors were very different kinds of men

The Julio-Claudian Emperors
Emperors and their reigns Augustus, 27 B.C.–A.D. 14 Tiberius, A.D. 14–37 Gaius (Caligula), A.D, 37–41 Claudius, A.D. 41–54 Nero, A.D. 54–68 All but Tiberius were blood relatives of Augustus, sometimes distantly All were direct descendants of Livia

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27-Julio-Claudians I, Tiberius

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Euphrates) Sound administrator 11/12/2007 27-Julio-Claudians I.–11/12/2007 Sources Velleius Paterculus. Wars of the Jews Philo. continued Augustus’ frontier policies (Rhine. lives of Tiberius. Livia Iulia Augusta Mutinies in Germany and Pannonia Illustrate the financial and military challenges of empire Put down by Germanics and Drusus. Livia 1/3 Tiberius Augustus. Tiberius the Politician: a Republican and a reluctant emperor! Respected the achievements and policies of Augustus e. inscriptions. and Claudius Dio Archaeological Evidence: monuments. covering parts of the reigns of Tiberius and Nero Suetonius. “brooding and dissimulating” B. Gaius. “heirs apparent” Personality and Politics Reserved. Levick. was already “emperor” Nonetheless. Tiberius 3 Tiberius Caesar Augustus Recall at Augustus’ death Already held all the powers of Augustus. coins galore 11/12/2007 27-Julio-Claudians I. Tiberius –2 . judge. Tacitus portrays a “senatorial debate” Augustus’ will Tiberius inherits 2/3. Tiberius 4 –27-Julio-Claudians I. for Augustus and Tiberius Josephus. Annales The issue of senatorial historiography and its biases Tacitus: prosecutor. Antiquities. and jury Work heavily biased by Tacitus’ experiences under Domitian Annales only survives in fragments.g. Embassy to Gaius Tacitus. Nero. Danube.

Tiberius’ son) become dynastic focus A. acquittal of Plancina 11/12/2007 27-Julio-Claudians I.D. 11/12/2007 27-Julio-Claudians I. 23 leaves Tiberius devastated and ambivalent Dynastic hopes focus on Vipsania Agrippina’s children Agrippina and Tiberius at odds . receives tribunicia potestas Mysterious death in A. 22. Drusus consul II with Tiberius A. . Drusus Iulius Caesar (the younger Drusus.–11/12/2007 Germanicus Legate under Tiberius Success in German wars.D. Tiberius –3 . 21. the elder Drusus Consul II in A.D. Tiberius 6 –27-Julio-Claudians I. Tiberius 5 Plans for Succession With Germanicus’ death. earns cognomen inherited from his father. . 18 Tiberius held the consulship with his adopted son to add prestige Germanicus sent east with imperium maius Egyptian visit Conflict with Piso and Placina Germanicus death “by poisoning and sorcery” Funeral at Rome Allegations of Vipsania Agrippina Tacitus’ characterization of Tiberius and Livia Evidence of the Tabula Siarensis Trial of Piso.D.

Tiberius –4 .–11/12/2007 The Domus Augustus Seianus (Sejanus) “Partner of my labors” Ambitious praetorian prefect Concentrates praetorian guard in Rome. Tiberius 8 –27-Julio-Claudians I. becomes sole commander Isolates Tiberius. 29 leaves them without a protector Vipsania Agrippina banished. who moves to Capri Persecutes family of Vipsania Agrippina Livia’s death in A.D. eventual trbunicia potestas Antonia’s intervention Visit to Capri Macro. sons imprisoned and killed Imperial ambitions Marries sister to Claudius Drusus’ death? Tries to marry Livilla Aspires to consulship with Tiberius. praefectus vigilo 11/12/2007 27-Julio-Claudians I.

Tiberius –5 . delators and delation) Character Not good at cloaking himself in constitutional fictions Victim of being Augustus’ successor 11/12/2007 27-Julio-Claudians I. frontiers set at Rhine.g.–11/12/2007 Tiberius in retrospect Governance Efficient administrator Followed Augustan policies. Tiberius 9 –27-Julio-Claudians I. and Euphrates Suffect consuls become regular. Danube. especially for senators Problem of maiestas trials and delatores (sc. serve for long periods More power to the senate An elective body? Becomes a judicial body. e. providing a bigger administrative pool Governors experienced.