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ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: -a branch of the modern law -the gov't acts in quasi-legis or quasi-judicial powers **ORIGIN

: >doctrine of Separation of Powers >principle of checks and balances >the executive dep't. (delegation of powers) **4 SOURCES: 1.)Constitutional/Statutory Enactments: -the different commissions (COMELEC) -the SSS thru Social Security Act -the NLRC thru the Labor Code, etc. 2.)Decisions of courts interpreting the charters of admin. agency (i.e. the Mace da Doctrine, Panganiban & Carpio Doctrine:Partylist system) 3.)Rules and regulations issued by the administrative body (i.e. IRR) 4.)Determination and orders of the administrative bodies in settlement of contro versies (i.e. Doctrine of stare Decisis) **ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES: a body endowed with quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial powers for the purpose of enabling it to carry out the laws entru sted to it for enforcement or execution. >Administrative Powers: a.)Quasi-Legislative Power ñ the authority delegated by the law-making body to the administrative body to adopt rules and regulations intended to carry out the pr ovisions of a law and implement legislative policy. (power of subordinate legisl ation) b.)Quasi-Judicial Power ñ the power of the administrative authorities to make determinations of facts in the performance of their official duties and to apply the law as they construe it to the facts so found. **Kinds of Administrative Regulations: (a) Legislative ñ the administrative agency is acting in a legislative capacity, supplementing the statute, filling in the details, or ìmaking the lawî, an d usually acting pursuant to a specific delegation of legislative power. >Classification of Legislative Regulation: (a) Supplementary ñ intended to fill in the details of the law and ìto make explicit what is only general.î (b) Contingent ñ issued upon the happening of a certain contingency which the administrative body is given the discretion to determine or to ascerta in some circumstances and on the basis thereof may enforce or suspend the operation of a law. -have the force and effect of law therefore it is accorded by the courts. (b) Interpretative ñ are those which purport to do no more than interpret the stat ute being administered, to say what it means. They constitute the administrator' s construction of a statute. The interpretative regulation is issued by the admi nistrative body as an incident to its power to enforce the law and is intended merely to clarify its p

(i. If one is absent. -it must not be confiscatory **Administrative regulations w/c MUST BE PUBLISHED: *Valid delegation of power: (Quasi-legislative) a.e. BIR Memo/Circular) -it is merely persuasive.)Completeness test: b)Sufficient standard test: the law must specify the limits of the delegate auth ority. (d) It must be reasonable. there is undue delegation . it is respected but it is not accorded with finality. -w/in authority of law (b) It must be within the scope of the authority given by the legislature. -must not abrogate an existing statute (c) It must be promulgated in accordance with the prescribed procedure.rovisions for proper observance by the people. **Requisites of Administrative Regulation: (a) Its promulgation must be authorized by the legislature.