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In unsymmetrical bending, the neutral axis passes thro the centriod of the crosssection. (True/False). 2. A rectangular cross-section is subjected to a skew load. Mark the neutral axis and sketch the bending stress distribution. 3. When does unsymmetrical bending takes place. 4. A beam bends about its neutral axis for both symmetrical and unsymmetrical bending. (True/False). 5. Explain unsymmetrical bending with examples. 6. Define neutral axis and give expression to determine it. 7. Define principle axis of a section and give an expression to determine it. 8. Draw bending stress variation across the depth for (a) Rectangular section (b) Isection. 9. Distinguish between symmetric and unsymmetric bending. 10. What do you understand by unsymmetrical bending? Explain a method to find the stress in an unsymmetrical bending 11. Explain the Euler-Bernoulli hypothesis in bending of beams. 12. Bending of a symmetric section subjected to a skew load will be (symmetric/Unsymmetric).Explain. 13. Shear flow can be defined for both thin and thick walled section (true/false) 14. Sketch the shear flow distribution when a thin walled L-section is subjected to a vertical load. 15. Define shear center and elastic axis. 16. Define shear flow .How the shear stress is obtained from the shear flow? 17. Indicate the shear center for channel section and angle section. 18. Draw shear flow diagram for I section and Channel section.

19. What is mean by distribution factor? 20. Define propped cantilever beam. 21. Write the expression for strain energy due to bending and torsion. 22. Define proof resilience and modulus of resilience. 23. Define stiffness factor and moment distribution factor in moment distribution method. 24. Write down the Clapeyron’s three moment theorem in general form. 25. State Castigliano’s theorems. 26. What is unit load method? 27. What is meant by order of indeterminacy? Explain with example. 28. Define distribution factor in moment distribution method.

obtain the bending stress values at the points A. 5.determine the bending stress at the corner points A.Compute the stresses using moment values with respect to x and y axis and the principle axis. 2. 4.point load P. (ii) Vy=1. Define indeterminate structure. State Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem.8 m away from the indicated cross-section. 30. What is linearly elastic structure? 32. subjected to mid . A box beam with 50 cm length is subjected to loads Px=8kN and Py=25kN as shown in fig. Find the maximum bending stress. Write down the expression for strain energy stored in a shaft of length L subjected to torque T and explain the terms.2 is subjected to bending moment Mx=30kNm. 37. B. State Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem.section with 12 cm x 3 cm flanges and 20 cm x 3 cm web is subjected to Mx=10 kN-m and My=10 kN-m . 35. Determine the normal stress at location A and G(refer fig.C and D for the section shown in fig. 33. 31. Determine the maximum bending stress.B. The stringer area is 3 cm2 each. Calculate the strain energy stored in a simply supported beam of length L.2 kN acting through shear center. (6) 3.4. A Z. 36. Define Castigliano’s theorems. Draw deflection curve for a simply supported beams subjected to a (a) UDL over its entire length and (b) Moment at the center. 6. PART-B 1.1)for the following cases of loading: (i) Vx=1. . (i)Derive and obtain an expression for the bending stress in an unsymmetrical section subjected to bending. The section shown in fig. C and D. Vx and Vy are applied0. using the generalized ‘k’ method (10) (ii) Explain the neutral axis method of bending stress determination mhen an arbitrary section is subjected to bending moments Mx and My. State Castigliano’s theorem. Write the Clapeyron’s three moment equation in general form and explain the terms. 38. 34.3.2 kN acting through shear center.29.

The section is subjected to an 8 kNm bending moment in the x-z plane and a 10 kNm bending in the y-z plane.25 cm x3 cm (ii)web 30cm x 3cm.25. C and D are 6. B. 4. indicating whether they are tensile or compressive.the Csection dimensions are (i) Flanges.6.7. A beam section shown in fig. Compute the loads using moment values with respect to x and y axis and principle axis.5 and 6sq.stringer areas are 2 cm2 11. 8.125. Area of the stringers A. Assume that webs and walls are ineffective in bending. A C-section beam of length 50 cm is subjected to loads Px=100N . Determine the bending stresses in all the corner points. 10.Assume the web do not take part in bending.7. 9.5.8 . .E1= 70GPa . Find the stresses in all the four stringers of the section due to Mx=50kNm and My=-20kNm where x and y are the centriodal axes. E2=210GPa and E3=100GPa.cm respectively. 3. Determine the bending stresses in the stringer of the section shown in fig. Compute the load on the lumped flanges due to bending of the section shown in fig. Refer fig.has four stringers.

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16. Locate the shear center for the section shown in fog. How to modify the results you obtained for the case of closed section.11. Find the shear flow distribution and locate the shear center for the section shown in fig. 4. Flange width ‘h/2’ and subjected to vertical shear load through shear center.9.Also find the Shear center 5. whose thickness is‘t’.10. Find the shear center of the section shown in fig.1. (6) (ii)Obtain the shear flow distribution and shear center location for the section in fig.The Area of the each stringer =6 cm2. Plot the shear flow and locate the shear center for the section shown in fig. Determine the shear center location for the section shown in fig. Plot the shear flow and locate the shear center for the section shown in fig. 2.Each of the stringers has an area of 4 cm2 and the section subjected to vertical shear of 50 kN. All the webs are ineffective in bending. Find the shear flow distribution in a thin walled Z-section.15. 10. (10) 9. 7. Find the shear flow for the section shown in fig. Derive and obtain an expression for shear flow due to bending in the case of an arbitrary thin walled open section subjected to bending. 3. . 8.2kNacts through the shear center.Plot the shear stress distribution when a vertical shear load of 1.When it is subjected to a shear load of 5 kN. (i) Show that the sum of the moment of inertia about any two orthogonal axes is invariant with respect to any other two orthogonal axes.12.14. height’h’.the loads are Sx=10kN and Sy=50kN through the shear center .13.Area a=b=4 cm2 and c=d=2 cm2 6.

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